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Did You Know?
  1. As of November 2016, there are around 58 million Americans collecting Social Security benefits. In 2015, 49.2 million people received Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) benefits, 10.8 million received Disability Insurance (DI) benefits, and 55.3 million were covered under Medicare.
  2. As of October 2016, the total amount of debt in the United States (government debt + business debt + consumer debt, etc.) is over $56 trillion; it was less than $2 trillion in 1970.
  3. The strong signs of economic crisis include massive layoffs; non affordable accommodation surplus; halt or cancellation of construction activities; real estate value dips; restructuring or closure of  businesses; retail, travel, hospitality and technology falling; and fall in oil prices.
  4. As of October 2016 the population of Dubai, the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), is around 2.643 million, of which approximate 85% is Asian (chiefly Indian, Pakistani, Filipino, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan); about 25% of the total Dubai population has Iranian origin.
  5. One out of every seven American people has at least 10 credit cards.
  6. Approximate 40 percent of all working age Americans either have medical bill problems or are currently paying off medical debt.
  7. Today around 48.8 percent of all 25-year-old Americans and approximate 19 percent of all American men between the ages of 25 and 34 still live at home with their parents.
  8. The 20 wealthiest people in the United States have more money than the poorest 152 million Americans combined.
  9. 51 percent of all American workers make less than $30,000 a year.
  10. In the United States, the middle class took home approximately 43 percent of all income.
  11. As of 12/2015 At this point 62 percent of all Americans have less than $1,000 in their savings accounts, and 21 percent of all Americans do not have a savings account at all.
  12. The S&P 500 gained 135% from March 2009 through January 2013; it gained the exact same amount from 1996 to 2000.
  13. According to a study by Harvard, 46.1% of Americans die with less than $10,000 in assets.
  14. In 2013 the U.S. economy is 2.9% larger than it was in 2008 while the U.K. economy is 3.3% smaller than it was.
  15. The current U.S. minimum wage is $7.25, which is lower than those of Canada ($9.40), United Kingdom ($10.47), Netherlands ($11.38), Ireland ($11.48), New Zealand ($11.66), Belgium ($11.90), France ($12.64), Luxembourg ($14.75), and Australia ($14.98).
  16. The European Union (EU) and Vietnam have reached a free trade agreement that will remove nearly all tariffs on goods traded between the EU and Vietnam; their annual trade is worth about $30bn. - The EU has a such free trade deal with South Korea and Singapore.
  17. Greece's GDP has shrunk by 25% in six years since 2009; the unemployment rate went from 10% in 2010 to 25% in March, 2015; the young are hit the worst, with one in two under the age of 25 having no job; and over 3% of its population (11 million) has left the country since 2010.
  18. During a global financial crisis in 2008 the U.S. Federal government bailed out $182 billion to American International Group, Inc. – also known as AIG - an American multinational insurance corporation with more than 88 million customers in 130 countries, to prevent the company's collapse. As of today it received a repaid amount of $205 billion, which is a 13 percent return on the funds it provided to AIG.
  19. During a global financial crisis in 2008 in order to prevent Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac from bankruptcy the U.S. government bailed out $187 billion to these giant mortgage companies and placed them into conservatorship of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA). As of today the government received a repaid amount of $225 billion, which is a 20 percent return on the funds it provided to these companies.
  20. Hong Kong’s economic freedom score is 89.6, making its economy the 1st freest in the 2015 Economic Index.
  21. The United States’ economic freedom score is 76.2, making its economy the 12th freest in the 2015 Economic Index.
  22. Prior to 1970, the total amount of debt in the United States, which include government debt, business debt, consumer debt, student debt, etc, was less than $2 trillion; today it is over $56 trillion.
  23. Around 44% of American homeless people are employed.
  24. There is about 7% of all non-farm workers in the United States are self-employed.
  25. During the period of 2008 to 2012 Americans have donated $19.1 million to the U.S. Treasury to help pay down the national debt.
  26. In 2013 the top 10 destinations for U.S. goods exports were Canada, Mexico, China, Japan, Germany, Hong Kong, United Kingdom, South Korea, Brazil and Netherlands.
  27. In 2013 the top 10 countries that imported goods to the U.S. were China, Canada, Mexico, Japan, Germany, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, France, and India.
  28. In the U.S., as of November 2012 more than 16% of the population lived in poverty, including almost 20% of American children, up from 14.3% (approximately 43.6 million) in 2009 and to its highest level since 1993.
  29. In 2011, child poverty reached record high levels, with 16.7 million children living in food insecure households, about 35% more than 2007 levels. A 2013 UNICEF report ranked the U.S. as having the second highest relative child poverty rates in the developed world.
  30. According to the World Bank, U.S. GDP accounted for 32% of all global economic activity in 2001 and dropped to 22% in 2011.
  31. According to the US Census, in 2007 5.8% of all people in married families lived in poverty, as did 26.6% of all persons in single parent households, and 19.1% of all persons living alone; more than 75% of all poor households are headed by women (2012)
  32. In New York, while banks earn billions of dollars in profits, 40 percent of their bank tellers are on some form of public aid like food stamps.
  33. More than 300,000 California workers at big companies like Wal-Mart and Costco, qualify for medical, the state's health insurance for the poor.
  34. The U.S. government assistance for families whose incomes flutter just above the poverty line nearly doubled from 1983 to 2004 after taking inflation into account.
  35. In the U.S. people working in fast-food jobs are more likely to live in or near poverty, and more than half (52 percent) of the families of front-line fast-food workers. are enrolled in one or more public programs, compared to 25 percent of the workforce as a whole.
  36. The U.S. federal government runs more than 83 different welfare programs, and about 35% of the population are enrolled in at least one of them.
  37.  
  38. Since the end of the socialist economy 35 years ago, workers in China have been regarded as a source of low-cost and compliant labor for foreign investors; China's minimum wages, are now averaging more than $200 per month.
  39. The minimum wage of Bangladesh is 1,500 taka (or $19 USD) per month.
  40. More babies were born in the U.S. in 1956 than they were born in 2009, 2010, or 2011.


Currencies - Exchange Rate per U.S. Dollar



Annual Minimum Wages in U.S. Dollar



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2017
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 4.8  4.7  4.5  4.4  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 216  232  79 211  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 26.02  26.10  26.12  26.19  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.6  0.1  -0.3  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

 0.6  0.4  -0.2  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 0.2  0.3  0.2  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  -

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2016
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 4.9  4.9  5.0  5.0  4.7  4.9  4.9  4.9  5.0  4.9  4.6  4.7

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 126  237  225  153  43  297  291  176  249  124  164  157

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 25.37  25.38  25.46  25.54  25.59  25.62  25.71  25.74  25.81  25.90  25.91  25.97

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.0  -0.2  0.1  0.4  0.2  0.2  0.0  0.2  0.3  0.4  0.2  0.3

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

 -1.3  -0.5  0.4  0.7  1.2  0.7  0.1  -0.2  0.1  0.5  -0.1  0.4

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 -0.9  -0.4  -0.1  0.5  1.1  0.8  0.2  -0.8  0.3  0.2  0.1  0.4

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2015
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

221 265 84 251 273 228 277 150 149 295 2580 271

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
24.76 24.80 24.87 24.91 24.96 24.95 25.03 25.12 25.14 25.21 25.27 25.26

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
-0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.1  -0.1

Producer Price Index (5)

-1.9 0.1 0.2 -0.6 1.7 0.7 -0.1 -0.5 -1.3 -0.3 0.1  

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

-3.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2 1.1 0.1 -0.9 -1.8 -1.1 -0.3 -.06  -1.1

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

-1.7 -0.2 0.0 -0.6 0.5 -0.3 -0.4 -1.4 -0.6 -0.2 -0.7  -1.1

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2014
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

6.6 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

166 188 225 330 236 286 249 213 250 221 423 329

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
24.23 24.33 24.33 24.34 24.40 24.47 24.48 24.55 24.55 24.58 24.68 24.61

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Producer Price Index (5)

0.6 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.8 -1.1

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

0.4 1.1 0.5 -0.6 0.3 0.3 -0.3 -0.8 -0.8 -1.4 -1.8 -2.5

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

0.3 0.8 0.9 -1.0 0.1 -0.5 0.1 -0.5 -0.4 -0.9 -0.9 -0.9

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2013
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

8.0 7.7 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.7

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

205 314 115 187 219 127 164 256 150 225 317 109

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
23.75 23.78 23.81 23.87 23.89 23.98 23.98 24.03 24.07 24.10 24.17 24.20

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
0.1 0.6 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3

Producer Price Index (5)

0.4 0.6 -0.5 -0.7 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.2 0.6

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

0.5 0.9 -0.1 -0.7 -0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.6 -0.9 0.1

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

0.4 0.7 -0.5 -0.6 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.4 -0.6 0.2 0.4

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2012
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

8.3 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

380 247 216 87 113 35 177 188 144 213 164 293

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
23.25 23.28 23.36 23.39 23.40 23.46 23.52 23.49 23.58 23.57 23.64 23.73

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.3 -0.2 0.0

Producer Price Index (5)

0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.4 -0.3 0.2 1.2 1.0 0.2 -0.7 -0.1

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

0.0 0.0 1.4 -0.1 -1.5 -2.3 -0.7 1.2 1.0 0.3 -0.7 -0.6

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

0.3 0.5 0.8 0.4 -0.5 -1.7 0.4 0.9 0.8 0.1 -0.6 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2011
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

9.2 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.0 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.5

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

75 167 206 321 103 185 117 128 223 183 146 226

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
22.85 22.87 22.87 22.92 22.99 23.01 23.11 23.06 23.11 23.21 23.19 23.23

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.0

Producer Price Index (5)

0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.5 -0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.8 -0.2 0.2 -0.1

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

1.5 1.7 3.0 2.6 0.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 0.0

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

1.3 1.3 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.1 -0.4 0.4 0.5 -2.0 0.1 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


Financial Economy & Crisis
  1. The U.S. Debt by President: Why the Winner Is...Barack Obama?
  2. The U.S. Deficit by President: What Budget Deficits Hide.
  3. The Global Economy Has Entered Unexplored, Dangerous Territory.
  4. The Global Economy Is in Serious Danger.
  5. If Economic Crisis Happens in 2016, What Will Be Its Impact on Dubai?.
  6. 7 Signs of a U.S. Economic Collapse in 2016
  7. Financial Crisis 2.0?
  8. How The Pieces Are Falling Into Place for Another Global Financial Crisis
  9. More and More Economic Datapoints Have Completely Erased the Financial Crisis
  10. China Financial Crisis: Dubai, World's Most Globalized City, Could Suffer Amid Chinese Economic Woes
  11. What Is the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)?
  12. TPP: What Is It and Why Does It Matter?
  13. TPP Trade Deal: Who Are the Winners and Losers?
  14. Vietnam - The Other Asian Tiger.
  15. Asia’s Next Tiger: Good Afternoon, Vietnam
  16. Fed Slashes Rate Hike Forecast on Darker Economic View.
  17. Only America Can Lead on the Changes the Global Economy Needs.
  18. Red Flag: U.S. Economy May Have Hit The Pause Button.
  19. The Panama Papers: A Torrential Leak.
  20. Economic Snapshot: July 2015.
  21. The State of the U.S. Labor Market: Pre-May 2015 Jobs Release.
  22. 7 Key Things to Know about Greece’s Debt Crisis and What Happens Next.
  23. What a Depression Looks Like (Greek Style).
  24. 7 Questions about Greece’s Huge Crisis.
  25. Real Earnings – January 2015.
  26. Many Successes in Just a Few Years: The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Turns 5.
  27. The 2015 Index Of Economic Freedom.
  28. Capitalism for Everyone.
  29. We Bailed You Out, and Now You Want What!?!.
  30. American Time Use.
  31. 15 Economic Facts About Millennial.
  32. Putin's Reaction to Sanctions Is Destroying The Economy and China Won't Help.
  33. Russia Seeks Sanctions Tit for Tat.
  34. Outsourcing the Money Supply - What Money Tells Us About What Makes a State a State.
  35. Have You Joined the Sharing Economy?
  36. Do Not Gut Financial Reform in the Name of Helping Small Banks
  37. China's Currency Plunges, Signaling Tumbling Economy.
  38. Why Inequality Is Bad for Economic Growth.
  39. United States Support for Economic Growth and Development in Central America
  40. 12 Things That Will Get More Expensive in 2013.
  41. The U.S. Debt Ceiling Crisis That Ended With a Whimper.
  42. Over 48 Million Americans Live in Poverty.
  43. A Different Way of Measuring Poverty
  44. Income and Poverty in the United States: 2013
  45. The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2013
  46. An Understanding of Debt Limit.
  47. Better Product at Same Cost, Lower Sales and Lower Welfare.
  48. State Regulation of Alcohol Distribution: The Effects of Post & Hold Laws on Consumption and Social Harms.
  49. Slow Market Adjustment to Tax Changes: Evidence from the Market for Used Wide-body Commercial Aircraft.
  50. The Impact of Vertical Contracting on Firm Behavior: Evidence from Gasoline Stations.
  51. Branding, Cannibalization, and Spatial Preemption: An Application to the Hotel Industry.
  52. Asymmetric Pass-Through in U.S. Gasoline Prices.
  53. The Missing Motivation in Macroeconomics
  54. The Role of Education in the Production of Health: An Empirical Analysis of Smoking Behavior.
  55. Job Insecurity Isn’t Always Efficient.
  56. Consumer Perceptions of Heart-Health Claims for Cooking Oils and Vegetable Oil Spreads.
  57. The Effect of Hospital Mergers on Inpatient Prices: A Case Study of the New Hanover-Cape Fear Transaction.
  58. Dynamics in a Mature Industry: Entry, Exit, and Growth of Big-Box Grocery Retailers.
  59. The Success of Divestitures in Merger Enforcement: Evidence from the J&J-Pfizer Transaction.
  60. The Price Effects of Hospital Mergers: A Case Study of the Sutter-Summit Transaction.
  61. Competition, Contracts, and Innovation.
  62. The Welfare Effects of Use-or-Lose Provisions in Markets with Dominant Firms.
  63. Petroleum Mergers and Competition in the Northeast United States.
  64. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: Comment.
  65. Naked Exclusion by a Dominant Supplier: Exclusive Contracting and Loyalty Discounts.
  66. Retail Gasoline Pricing: What Do We Know?
  67. Edgeworth Price Cycles in Gasoline: Evidence from the U.S.
  68. Entry Threats and Pricing in the Generic Drug Industry.
  69. Local Market Structure and Strategic Organizational Form Choices.
  70. A Retrospective Analysis of the Clinical Quality Effects of the Acquisition of Highland Park Hospital by Evanston Northwestern Healthcare.
  71. Regulation and Innovation: Evidence and Policy Implications.
  72. The Evolution of the Baby Food Industry 2000-2008.
  73. International Trade and Investment - The Economic Rationale for Government Support.
  74. Supporting Analysis for the Higher Education.
  75. Innovation and Research Strategy for Growth.
  76. The Economics of Structured Finance.
  77. Occupational Employment Projections to 2020.
  78. Industry Employment and Output Projections to 2020.
  79. Labor Force Projections to 2020: A More Slowly Growing Workforce.
  80. The U.S. Economy in 2020: Recovery in Uncertain Times.
  81. Economic Indicators (2011).
  82. Economic Calendar (2011).
  83. Economic News Releases.
  84. Assessment of Long Term Performance of Credit Rating...
  85. Are Economists Different, and If So, Why?
  86. The Accidental Theorist.
  87. Earth in the Balance Sheet.
  88. Does Studying Economics Inhibit Cooperation?
  89. Behavioral Economics: Past, Present and Future.
  90. The Economics of Fairness, Reciprocity and Altruism...
  91. Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress.
  92. How Auctions Work for Wine and Art?
  93. Reclaiming the Hidden Assets – Towards Global Freeware Index.
  94. Unraveling in Guessing Games: An Experimental Study.
  95. Theory, Experiments and Economics.
  96. Wealth Beyond GDP - Composing a National Commons Product.
  97. Choice Under Uncertainty: Problems Solved & Unsolved.
  98. The Fiscal Stimulus, Flawed but Valuable.
  99. Global Financial Crisis of 2007–2010.
  100. Dollar Tumbles as Huge Credit Crunch Looms.
  101. A Case for the World's First Coin: The Lydian Lion.
  102. Global Financial Meltdown and the Demise of Neoliberalism.
  103. "Liquidation" Cycles: Old Fashioned Real Business Cycle Theory and the Great Depression.
  104. Biophysical Economics.
  105. Gross Domestic Product.
  106. List of Countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.
  107. Countries Facts, Statistics, Population - The World Factbook.
  108. The Myths About The Economic Crisis.
  109. The Theory of Reflexivity by George Soros.
  110. Capital Flight by Darryl McLeod.
  111. The Understanding of Financial Markets.
  112. Financial Crises: Lessons From History.
  113. Tackling the Financial and Economic Crisis.
  114. World Markets Drop Over Worries About Debt, Jobs.
  115. Economics School Rankings in 2009.
  116. World Economic Outlook (WEO) Database, October 2008.
  117. WEO - Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries.
  118. 2008 World Population.
  119. Understanding of Financial Crisis.
  120. Global Risks 2007 Report.
  121. The Future of China's Yuan.
  122. Work At Home in 2004.
  123. Some Skeptical Observations on Real Business Cycle Theory.
  124. The Macroeconomics of the Great Depression: A Comparative Approach.
  125. Nonmonetary Effects of the Financial Crisis in the Propagation of the Great Depression.
  126. Did Negative Technology Shocks Drive the Great Depression? An Empirical Analyses of Interwar U.S. Manufacturing.
  127. Underconsumption Theories and Keynesian Economics. Interpretations of the Great Depression.

Outlook, News & Analysis
  1. 20 Surprising Facts About the U.S. Economy
  2. 2016 Index of Economic Freedom.
  3. Status of the Social Security and Medicare Programs - The 2016 Summary Report and the Full Report
  4. Historical Background and Development of Social Security.
  5. Social Security Trust Fund: History, Solvency, How to Fix It.
  6. Misleading the Public: How the Social Security Trust Fund Really Works.
  7. Aid to Needy Often Excludes the Poorest in America.
  8. U.S. Trade-Case Win Against China Contributes to Tensions.
  9. Once More, Economy Exhibits Weakness.
  10. China's Economic Dragon Still Roars.
  11. Markets Shrug Off China Stimulus.
  12. The Minimum Wage - What You Didn't Miss.
  13. Who Pays the Most Income Taxes?
  14. Country Tax Rates
  15. A Cold Start for the U.S. Economy
  16. Americans on the Economy: We’re Worse Off Now Than Last Year
  17. How to Find the Best Parts of the Sharing Economy.
  18. Seven Reasons Putin Won't Give Up Ukraine.
  19. Why Optimism May Be Bad News
  20. The Invention of 'The Economy'.
  21. From Rich to Richer – The Rise of the Top 1%'.
  22. Consumer Sentiment in U.S. Increases on Outlook for Economy.
  23. U.S. Economy Weather Impact Narrative Getting Confusing.
  24. Occupy Was Right: Capitalism Has Failed the World.
  25. The Poor Might’ve Been Hardest Hit by the Housing Crisis, But the Rich Complain Most
  26. All Currencies Are an Inverse Pyramid Based on The Dollar.
  27. The 4 Major Challenges the U.S. Economy Faces in 2014.
  28. Finance and the Good Society.
  29. Stock Market Forecast 2014 Crash or Rally? Drone Wars and the Nuclear Apocalypse.
  30. Why Is Brazil So Expensive?
  31. American's Asleep At the Wheel Driving Into Debt Slavery
  32. Writing the "The Market for 'Lemons'": A Personal and Interpretive Essay
  33. The Positive Economics of 'Leaning In'
  34. The Price Is Wrong - Why Brazil Offers Appalling Value for Money.
  35. Capital Shortfall: A New Approach to Ranking and Regulating Systemic Risks.
  36. Why Americans Think Bush Is To Blame For The Economy.
  37. Explaining The World Through Macroeconomic Analysis.
  38. Currency Wars the Great Destabilizer.
  39. China Eclipses U.S. as Biggest Trading Nation.
  40. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism
  41. Dead Left
  42. 2013 Forecasts From Around the World.
  43. War, Terror, Catastrophe: Profiting From 'Disaster Capitalism'
  44. 10 Signs American Families are Falling Behind.
  45. 7 Misconceptions About The Federal Reserve.
  46. A Contrarian Wish List for the 2013 Economy.
  47. A Look at 30 Years of U.S. Minimum Wage [Interactive].
  48. Change in Negotiators Shakes Up U.S.-China Trade Policy.
  49. America’s Mid-20th-Century Infrastructure.
  50. Off the Charts: Among the Best Presidents or the Worst, in Economic Terms.
  51. The End of the World as We Know It.
  52. The Blackmailer Paradox - Game Theory and Negotiations with Arab Countries.
  53. East Asia & Pacific on the Rise
  54. United States Economy at a Glance
  55. Economy of the United States
  56. NPR: U.S. Economy News
  57. With Unemployment Insurance, Is 99 Weeks the Magic Number?
  58. Who Gets Unemployment Benefits
  59. U.S. National Debt - In the News
  60. Bleakonomics
  61. Marital Status, the Safety Net and the Recession
  62. Trends and Forecasts U.S. Economy
  63. Free-Marketeering
  64. It’s All a Grand Capitalist Conspiracy
  65. Generosity & Counterproductive
  66. Obama: Plan to Strengthen the Economy
  67. "Commodity Data" reported by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
  68. Ecological Economics: Themes, Approaches, and Differences With Environmental Economics.
  69. Forbes: Inside Economy
  70. 50 Economic Numbers From 2011 That Are Almost Too Crazy To Believe.
  71. The World According to Robert Shiller
  72. 5 Economic Reports That Affect The Euro
  73. Economy of Britain
  74. Economic History of Britain
  75. Economy of France
  76. Economy of Germany
  77. Economy of Sweden.
  78. Economy of Russia
  79. Economy of Spain
  80. Economic History of Spain.
  81. Economic History of Greece and the Greek World.
  82. Economic History of the Republic of Ireland.
  83. Economic History of Italy.
  84. Economic History of Portugal.
  85. Economy of Japan
  86. Economy of China
  87. Understanding of China's Economy
  88. China Economic Review
  89. Why a China Bubble Burst Would Be Quieter?
  90. Economy of India
  91. India Economy Watch
  92. India Economy Analysis
  93. Economy of Mexico
  94. Economy of Brazil
  95. Economy of Argentina
  96. Manifesto of the Communist Party.
  97. Capitalism 3.0.
  98. Where is the Wealth of Nations?
  99. The Virtues of Investing in Transportation.
  100. What’s a Crisis and What Isn’t.
  101. In the Shade of the Commons - Toward a Culture...
  102. Shadow Economies and Corruption all over the World.
  103. Shadow Economies of 145 Countries.
  104. The Interaction of Cultural and Economic Factors...
  105. The Macroeconomist as Scientist and Engineer.
  106. The Facts of Life & Marriage.
  107. Time Well Spent - The Declining Real Cost of Living in America.
  108. Saving Social Security: The Diamond-Orszag Plan.
  109. When a Nobel Prize Isn’t Enough.
  110. Social Business Entrepreneurs Are the Solution.
  111. The Importance of Investment Promotion in the Poorest Countries
  112. The President's Council Of Economic Advisers
  113. How To Use Gross National Product As An Indicator
  114. Deadly Flaws In Major Market Indicators.
  115. Great Depression in Australia.
  116. Great Depression in Canada.
  117. Great Depression in the United Kingdom.
  118. Great Depression in Chile.
  119. Great Depression in France.
  120. Great Depression in Latin America.
  121. Great Depression in the Netherlands.
  122. History of New Zealand § Depression.
  123. Great Depression in South Africa.
  124. Great Depression in the United States and New Deal.
  125. An Overview of the Wall Street Crash.
  126. Comparisons between the Great Recession and the Great Depression.
  127. Economic Indicators: Overview.
  128. Consumer Confidence: A Killer Statistic.
  129. The Importance of Inflation and GDP.
  130. Lists of countries by GDP.
  131. What Is Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?
  132. Conference Board: Introduction.
  133. Understanding of Economy.
Development Banks


The Global Economy


2009 - Stimulus Packages



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  • Unemployment Rate by Country (%)

       

      Country / Region 2014   2013
       Afghanistan 36.0   36.0
       Albania 16.9   13.23
       Algeria 10.2   10.0
       American Samoa (U.S)NA 29.8
       Andorra 2.9   2.9
       Anguilla (United Kingdom)7.8 7.8
       Antigua and Barbuda 11.0   11.0
       Argentina 6.9   7.1
       Armenia 17.3   17.3
       Aruba (Netherlands)15.7 15.7
       Australia 6.0   5.5
       Austria 5.6   4.8
       Azerbaijan 5.4   6.1
       Bahrain 4.1   15
       Bangladesh 5.0   5.1
       Barbados 11.5   11.7
       Belarus 0.7   0.5
       Belgium 8.7   8.9
       Belize 12.9   23.2
       Bermuda 9.0   4.5
       Bhutan 3.2   2.7
       Bolivia 7.3   6.0
       Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.9   44.6
       Botswana NA   7.5
       Brazil 7.6   4.7
       British Virgin Islands (UK)NA 3.1
       Brunei 2.7   3.9
       Bulgaria 9.5   12.7
       Burma 5.1   4.9
       Cambodia 0.3   1.68
       Cameroon NA   4.4
       Canada 7.1   7.2
       Cape Verde NA   13.1
       Cayman Islands (UK)NA  4.0
       Central African Republic NA   8.0
       Chile 6.5   6.2
       China, People's Republic of 4.0   4.1
       Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)NA 11.3
       Colombia 8.9   9.2
       Comoros NA   20.0
       Cook Islands NA   13.1
       Costa Rica 9.7   7.8
       Croatia 15.8   16.7
       Cuba 2.7   1.6
       Cyprus 15.1   17.3
       Czech Republic 4.7   6.8
       Denmark 6.0   6.7
       Djibouti 60.0   59.0
       Dominica NA   23.0
       Dominican Republic NA   14.4
       East Timor NA   20.0
       Ecuador 4.3   7.7
       Egypt 8.1   13.2
       El Salvador 6.2   7.2
       Equatorial Guinea 22.3   30.0
       Estonia 6.0   10.8
       European Union 9.1   11.1
       Faroe Islands (Denmark)3.1 5.9
       Fiji 8.8   8.6
       Finland 8.2   7.9
       France 10.8   11
       French Polynesia (France)21.8 11.7
       Gabon NA   21.0
       Gaza Strip (Palestine)41.5 37.8
       Georgia 13.7   15.1
       Germany 4.5   5.3
       Ghana 5.2   3.6
       Gibraltar (United Kingdom)3.0 1.8
       Greece 24.5   27.6
       Greenland (Denmark)9.4 7.8
       Grenada 33.5   24.5
       Guam (United States)7.4 10.7
       Guatemala 4.1   3.2
       Guernsey (United Kingdom)NA 1.5
       Guyana 11.1   9.0
       Honduras 4.3   27.8
       Hong Kong 3.3   3.3
       Hungary 6.5   9.9
       Iceland 4.3   4.3
       India 3.6   3.8
       Indonesia 5.7   6.6
       Iran 11.2   11.5
       Iraq 16.0   18.0
       Ireland 8.9   13.4
       Isle of Man 2.0   1.8
       Israel 5.4   6.7
       Italy 11.3   12.0
       Jamaica 14.2   11.3
       Japan 3.6   3.9
       Jersey (United Kingdom)1.7 2.7
       Jordan 11.9   12.6
       Kazakhstan 5.0   5.2
       Kenya 40.0   42.0
       Kiribati 30.6   38.2
       Kosovo 30.9 45.3
       Kuwait 3.0   1.5
       Kyrgyzstan 8.0   8.2
       Laos 1.4   2.5
       Latvia 9.9   9.7
       Lebanon NA   10.0
       Lesotho 28.1   42.7
       Libya NA   13.0
       Liechtenstein 2.3   1.5
       Lithuania 8.9   12.1
       Luxembourg 5.8   5.7
       Macau (China)1.9 3.0
       Macedonia 25.5   28.8
       Malaysia 3.1   3.0
       Mali 8.2   30.0
       Malta 5.1   6.0
       Marshall Islands 36.0   30.9
       Mauritania 31.0   30.0
       Mauritius 7.8   7.9
       Mayotte (France)NA 25.4
       Mexico 4.9   5.12
       Federated States of Micronesia 16.2   22
       Moldova 8.2   9.1
       Monaco 2.0   2.0
       Mongolia 7.7   12.2
       Montenegro 15.0   13.2
       Montserrat (United Kingdom)NA 6.0
       Morocco 5.5   10.0
       Mozambique NA   60.0
       Namibia 28.1   51.2
       Nauru 23.0   NA
         Nepal NA   46.0
       Netherlands 6.9   7.0
       Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands)NA 10.0
       New Caledonia (France)NA 17.1
       New Zealand 5.6   7.3
       Nicaragua 6.0   5.9
       Nigeria 6.4   9.9
       North Korea 26.0   25.6
       Northern Mariana Islands (U.S.)NA 11.2
       Norway 4.6   3.9
       Niue 12.0   10.7
       Pakistan 6.8   5.7
       Palau NA   4.2
       Panama 4.5   5.6
       Papua New Guinea 1.9   1.8
       Paraguay 7.3   7.9
       Peru 6.1   5.8
       Philippines 6.0   7.3
       Poland 7.0   10.6
       Portugal 12.4   17.7
       Puerto Rico (United States)13.7 13.4
       Qatar 0.4   0.5
       Romania 6.8   7.5
       Russia 5.5   5.2
       Saint Helena (United Kingdom)NA 14.0
       Saint Kitts and Nevis NA   5.1
       Saint Lucia NA   15.7
       Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)NA 10.3
       Saint Vincent and the Grenadines NA   18.0
       San Marino 8.7   8.1
       Saudi Arabia 5.6   10.8
       Senegal NA   48.0
       Serbia 16.8   22.4
       Singapore 1.9   1.9
       Slovakia 10.7   14.3
       Slovenia 9.1   11.2
       South Africa 24.3   25.5
       South Korea 2.7   2.9
       Spain 21.6   27.2
       Sri Lanka 4.3   4.2
       Sudan 13.6   18.7
       Suriname 8.9   9.5
       Swaziland 40.0   40.6
       Sweden 7.2   7.3
        Switzerland 3.5   3.1
       Syria 40.0   9.2
       Taiwan 3.62   4.07
       Tajikistan 2.4   NA
       Thailand 0.9   0.56
       The Bahamas 15.0   12.6
       Tonga 1.1   1.1
       Trinidad and Tobago 3.7   5.8
       Tunisia 15.2   13.3
       Turkey 9.3   8.1
       Turkmenistan 3.5   NA
       Turks and Caicos Islands NA   5.4
       Ukraine 9.4   9.2
       United Arab Emirates NA   4.3
       United Kingdom 5.1   7.7
       United States 5.6   6.7
       Uruguay 7.4   5.3
       Uzbekistan NA   8.0
       Vanuatu NA   4.6
       Venezuela 6.7   6.9
       Vietnam 3.4   2.9
       U.S. Virgin Islands (U.S)12.3 13.2
       Wallis and Futuna (France)NA 12.2
       West Bank 16.4   17.2
       Yemen 27.0   35.0
       Zambia 15.0   16.0
       Zimbabwe 70.0   70.0

    Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (millions of $)
    Country
    (Selected)
    2015 (est)
    2014
    2013
    2012
    1. United States
    2. China
    3. Japan
    4. Germany
    5. France
    6. United Kingdom
    7. Brazil
    8. Russia
    9. Italy
    10. India
    11. Canada
    12. Australia
    13. Spain
    14. Mexico
    15. Korea, South
    16. Indonesia
    17. Turkey
    18. Netherlands
    19. Saudi Arabia
    20. Switzerland
    21. Iran
    22. Sweden
    23. Norway
    24. Poland
    25. Belgium
    26. Argentina
    27. Austria
    28. Thailand
    29. South Africa
    30. U.A.E
    31. Venezuela
    32. Colombia
    33. Denmark
    34. Malaysia
    35. Singapore
    36. Chile
    37. Nigeria
    38. Egypt
    39. Philippines
    40. Greece
    41. Finland
    42. Israel
    43. Pakistan
    44. Portugal
    45. Ireland
    46. Algeria
    47. Peru
    48. Kazakhstan
    49. Czech Republic
    50. Qatar
    51. Kuwait
    52. Ukraine
    53. New Zealand
    54. Romania
    55. Vietnam
    56. Iraq
    57. Bangladesh
    58. Hungary
    59. Angola
    60. Morocco
    $17,968,000
    $11,383,000
    $4,116,000
    $3,371,000
    $2,432,000
    $2,865,000
    $1.800,000
    $1,236,000
    $1,819,000
    $2,183,000
    $1,573,000
    $1,241,000
    $1,221,000
    $1,1,61,000
    $1,393,000
    $873,000
    $722,000
    $751,000
    $632,000
    $677,000
    $397,000
    $484,000
    $398,000
    $481,000
    $459,000
    $579,000
    $373,000
    $374,000
    $317,000
    $339,000
    NA
    $274,000
    $291000
    $313,000
    $294,000
    $240,000
    NA
    NA
    $299,000
    $193,000
    $231,000
    $299,000
    $271,000
    $198,000
    $227,000
    NA
    NA
    $195,000
    $182,000
    $192,000
    NA
    $130,660
    NA
    NA
    $199,000
    NA
    $183,824
    NA
    $129,326
    $110,009
    $17,348,075
    $10,356,508
    $4,602,367
    $3,874,473
    $2,833,687
    $2,950,039
    $2,346,583
    $1,860,598
    $2,147,744
    $2,051,228
    $1,785,387
    $1,442,722
    $1,406,538
    $1,291,062
    $1,410,383
    $888,648
    $798,332
    $880,716
    $746,248
    $703,852
    $416,490
    $570,591
    $499,817
    $574,894
    $534,230
    $543,061
    $437,582
    $404,824
    $350,082
    $399,451
    $206,252
    $377,867
    $342,262
    $338,108
    $307,872
    $258,017
    $573,999
    $286,435
    $284,618
    $237,970
    $272,647
    $305,673
    $246,849
    $229,948
    $250,814
    $213,513
    $202,642
    $216,036
    $205,270
    $210,109
    $172,608
    $130,660
    $197,502
    $199,093
    $185,897
    $223,508
    $183,824
    $136,898
    $129,326
    $110,009
    $16,760,050
    $9,181,204
    $4,898,532
    $3,730,261
    $2,806,432
    $2,678,455
    $2,243,854
    $2.096,774
    $2,149,485
    $1,937,797
    $1,898,964
    $1,531,282
    $1,393,040
    $1,259,201
    $1,304,554
    $886,346
    $822,149
    $853,539
    $748,450
    $685,434
    $492,783
    $579,680
    $522,349
    $525,863
    $524,806
    $611,726
    $428,322
    $420,167
    $366,060
    $402,340
    $371,339
    $378,148
    $336,701
    $312,434
    $295,744
    $277,043
    $514,955
    $255,199
    $272,067
    $242,230
    $267,329
    $291,567
    $225,419
    $227,234
    $232,077
    $208,764
    $200,263
    $224,415
    $208.796
    $202,450
    $175,831
    $188,350
    $189,025
    $192,094
    $171,222
    $195,517
    $153,505
    $133,424
    $121.693
    $103,836
    $16,244,600
    $8,358,400
    $5,960,180
    $3,425,956
    $2,611,221
    $2,417,600
    $2,254,109
    $2,029,812
    $2,013,392
    $1,875,213
    $1,821,445
    $1,564,419
    $1,322,126
    $1,183,655
    $1,129,598
    $878,043
    $788,299
    $770,067
    $711,050
    $631,183
    $551,588
    $523,804
    $499,667
    $489,852
    $483,402
    $477,028
    $394,458
    $385,694
    $384,313
    $383,799
    $369,813
    $314,889
    $304,726
    $276,520
    $268,314
    $262,545
    $254,671
    $250,182
    $248,941
    $247,389
    $241,069
    $215,117
    $212,139
    $210,638
    $207,021
    $204,681
    $202,656
    $196,446
    $192,402
    $192,402
    $183,219
    $176,309
    $171,256
    $169,396
    $155,820
    $149,370
    $127,195
    $124,600
    $116,308
    $95,992

    Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) per Capita &
    Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in USD) (2012)
    Country
    (Top 60)
    World Bank
    (PPP in $)
    IMF
    (PPP in $)
    CIA
    (PPP in $)
    GDP
    (Millions of $)
    1. United States
    2. China
    3. Japan
    4. Germany
    5. France
    6. United Kingdom
    7. Brazil
    8. Russia
    9. Italy
    10. India
    11. Canada
    12. Australia
    13. Spain
    14. Mexico
    15. Korea, South
    16. Indonesia
    17. Turkey
    18. Netherlands
    19. Saudi Arabia
    20. Switzerland
    21. Iran
    22. Sweden
    23. Norway
    24. Poland
    25. Belgium
    26. Argentina
    27. Austria
    28. Thailand
    29. South Africa
    30. U.A.E
    31. Venezuela
    32. Colombia
    33. Denmark
    34. Malaysia
    35. Singapore
    36. Chile
    37. Nigeria
    38. Egypt
    39. Philippines
    40. Greece
    41. Finland
    42. Israel
    43. Pakistan
    44. Portugal
    45. Ireland
    46. Algeria
    47. Peru
    48. Kazakhstan
    49. Czech Republic
    50. Qatar
    51. Kuwait
    52. Ukraine
    53. New Zealand
    54. Romania
    55. Vietnam
    56. Iraq
    57. Bangladesh
    58. Hungary
    59. Angola
    60. Morocco
    $49,965
    $9,233
    $35,178
    $40,901
    $36,104
    $36,901
    $11,909
    $23,501
    $33,111
    $3,876
    $42,533
    $44,598
    $32,682
    $16,731
    $30,801
    $4,956
    $18,348
    $43,198
    $31,729
    $53,367
    $11,395
    $43,180
    $65,640
    $22,162
    $39,788
    $12,034
    $44,208
    $9,820
    $11,440
    $42,080
    $13,485
    $10,583
    $42,086
    $17,143
    $61,803
    $22,352
    $2,661
    $6,724
    $4,410
    $25,331
    $38,655
    $31,869
    $2,891
    $25,411
    $43,592
    $8,515
    $10,932
    $13,917
    $26,590
    $83,460
    $45,455
    $7,421
    $32,219
    $16,518
    $3,635
    $4,246
    $1,883
    $22,119
    $6,105
    $5,192
    $51,714
    $9,055
    $35,885
    $38,666
    $35,292
    $36,569
    $11,747
    $17,518
    $29,812
    $3,843
    $42,317
    $41,954
    $30,058
    $15,363
    $31,950
    $4,923
    $14,812
    $41,527
    $30,477
    $44,864
    $12,986
    $40,304
    $54,397
    $20,562
    $37,459
    $17,917
    $41,908
    $9,503
    $11,281
    $29,176
    $13,480
    $10,671
    $37,324
    $16,794
    $60,799
    $18,211
    $2,697
    $6,474
    $4,380
    $24,260
    $35,771
    $33,878
    $3,056
    $23,047
    $40,716
    $7,268
    $10,596
    $13,526
    $27,000
    $100,889
    $39,874
    $7,295
    $29,481
    $12,722
    $3,788
    $7,004
    $1,963
    $19,497
    $6,092
    $5,193
    $50,700
    $9,300
    $36,900
    $39,700
    $36,100
    $37,500
    $12,100
    $18,000
    $30,600
    $3,900
    $43,400
    $43,300
    $31,100
    $15,600
    $32,800
    $5,100
    $42,900
    $49,965
    $31,800
    $46,200
    $13,300
    $41,900
    $55,900
    $20,900
    $38,500
    $18,400
    $43,100
    $10,300
    $11,600
    $49,800
    $13,800
    $11,000
    $38,300
    $17,200
    $61,400
    $18,700
    $2,800
    $6,700
    $4,500
    $24,900
    $37,000
    $32,800
    $2,900
    $23,800
    $42,600
    $7,600
    $10,900
    $14,100
    $27,600
    $103,900
    $40,500
    $7,500
    $30,200
    $13,000
    $3,600
    $7,200
    $2,100
    $20,000
    $6,500
    $5,400
    $16,244,600
    $8,358,400
    $5,960,180
    $3,425,956
    $2,611,221
    $2,417,600
    $2,254,109
    $2,029,812
    $2,013,392
    $1,875,213
    $1,821,445
    $1,564,419
    $1,322,126
    $1,183,655
    $1,129,598
    $878,043
    $788,299
    $770,067
    $711,050
    $631,183
    $551,588
    $523,804
    $499,667
    $489,852
    $483,402
    $477,028
    $394,458
    $385,694
    $384,313
    $383,799
    $369,813
    $314,889
    $304,726
    $276,520
    $268,314
    $262,545
    $254,671
    $250,182
    $248,941
    $247,389
    $241,069
    $215,117
    $212,139
    $210,638
    $207,021
    $204,681
    $202,656
    $196,446
    $192,402
    $192,402
    $183,219
    $176,309
    $171,256
    $169,396
    $155,820
    $149,370
    $127,195
    $124,600
    $116,308
    $95,992

    U.S. Economy Index
    (Sources: Brookings; bea.gov)

    2009       2010       2011      
    General Welfare Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
    GDP Growth (%) -6.4 -0.7 2.2 5.6 3.2 - 2.5 2.3 0.4 1.3 1.8 2.8
    Unemployment Rate (%) - Monthly 8.2 9.3 9.7 10 9.7 9.6 9.6 9.6 9 9 9.1 8.7
    Inflation Rate (%) - Monthly -2.2 1.9 3.7 2.6 1.5 2.4 1.4 2.6 5.2 4.1 3.1 3.1
    Personal Income (%) - Detail           2.3 1.5 1.2 0.6 -1.7 -1.2
    Consumer Spending (%) - Detail 0.6 -0.9 2.8 1.6 3.6 2.5 2.6 3.6 2.1 0.7 1.7 2
    Export (%) -29.9 -4.1 17.8 22.8 5.8 - 19.3 17.4 18 17.5 17.4 17.5
    Import (%) -36.4 -14.7 21.3 15.8 8.9 - 23.7 15.7 18.7 16.5 13.9 14
    Oil Price per Barrel ($) - Monthly 34.74 51.81 59.98 67.73 70.26 69.89 75.14 90.61 110.83 107.82 103.17 99
    Interest Rate: 30-Year Mortgage (%) 5.00 5.42 5.06 4.93 4.97 - 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.1 4
    Supply of New Homes in Month (%)           8.5 7.9 7.3 6.6 6.6 6.1
    Home Price Change (%) -20.9 -9.5 8.8 3.4 2.1 - - - - - - -
    Dow Jones Industrial Average 7609 8447 9712 10428 10857 - - 11578 12320 12414 10913 12218
    Yield On Investment-Grade Bonds % 8.42 7.50 6.31 6.37 6.27 - - - - - - -
    Interest Rate: 10-Yr Treasury Bonds 2.28 3.72 3.40 3.59 3.73 - - - - - - -
    Foreclosure Rate - All Loans (%) 1.4 1.4       - - - - - - -
    FDIC Bank Failures 21 24 50 45 41 - - - - - - -
    Outstanding Consumer Credit (%) -3.9 -4.8 -3.1 -6.1 0.4 - - - - - - -
    U.S. Combat Fatalities 83 101 158 76 79 - 176 141 87 156 158 70
    Approval Rating of The President % 63 63 54 51 49 47 45 46 48 47 42 42
    Approval Rating of Congress (%) 30 35 31 24 19 18 19 17 20 19 15 12


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