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  • If your company does not offer a 401(k) match, you can choose between your company's 401(k) and an IRA based on which has better investment choices and lower fees.
  • If you contribute $5,000 to an IRA every year beginning at age 25, you could potentially accumulate $1.6 million by age 70 - Assume an annual rate of return of 7%.
  • Employees ages 50 and older are eligible to contribute up to $22,000 to their traditional tax-deferred 401(k) in 2009, $5,500 more than younger workers.
  • Do not put 100% of your retirement savings into CDs, it will guarantee failure.
  • You need to work at least 10 years in your life to become eligible for retirement benefits.
  • The earliest age at which you can begin getting Social Security retirement benefits is 62 for women and 65 for men. However, the full retirement age is 66 if you were born between 1943 and 1954; 66+ if you were born between 1955 and 1959; and 67 if you were born in 1960 or later. You will receive a reduced benefit if you elect benefits prior to your full retirement age.
  • As of today (8/2012) the Social Security tax, which is applied to the first $110,100 of a worker's wages, is 12.4%, of which workers pay half and their employers pay the other half. The Social Security tax rate for workers was reduced to 4.2 % since 2011, and this tax rate will be returned to 6.2% in January 2013.
  • As of August 2012, monthly Social Security benefits average $1,235 for retired workers. Around 56 million people now collect Social Security benefits, and it is projected that this number will grow to about 91 million in 2035.
  • A nonworking spouse can receive up to 50% of a retired worker's full benefit.
  • The U.S. government estimates the Social Security trust fund will run dry in 2033.
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  • Telemarketing Fraud: Someone you do not know contacts you to ask for your personal and financial information.
  • Tax Return Fraud: Tax return fraud is becoming a bigger and bigger problem every year. Most people panic when they find out they are a victim, and for a good reason.
  • Phishing: E-mails that appear to be sent from a well-known source to attempt to get your sensitive information such as birthday, social security number, usernames/passwords of your bank account and/or credit card details.
  • Internet Merchandise Fraud: Goods are either not delivered or misrepresented.
  • Classified Ad and Auction Site Scams: Criminals post ads for goods that don't exist and steal consumers' credit card or bank account information.
  • Employment/Job Scams: Fake job offered in exchange for an up-front fee and/or personal information, such as social security number and birthday.
  • False Charities: Organizations tricked consumers into giving by claiming that donations would support police or firefighters in the line of duty, people in a disaster area, or that the donations would assist military families serving in overseas, and by misleading consumers about how much of the money would go to those causes. Actually they collect money but don't use it for these philanthropic purposes.
  • Fake Checks: Consumers given mysterious checks and are asked to call back to receive money after paying a fee and/or providing ban account or credit card information. These phony checks that often came in connection with a foreign business or work-at-home offer, or notice that the caller had won a foreign lottery.
  • Gift Card Scams: Fake gift cards sold to people who buy cards through online auction or classified sites.
  • Work-at-Home Scams: Posting advertisements for work-at-home employment that were actually ploys to collect fees for “applications,” or “background checks,” or to steal consumers' identity information.
  • Nigerian Letter Fraud: Criminals send you a letter from Nigeria or overseas offered the recipient the "opportunity" to share in a percentage of millions of dollars after paying an advance fee.

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  • "Money has given me the independence to do what I love daily. Beyond that it has no real utility for me but has enormous utility for others. That is why I'm giving it away." - Warren Buffett
  • “The other approach, of course, if you can’t save money, is to be really nice to your kids.” - Dan Ariely.
  • "If nobody knows nothing, you own everything." - John Bogle
  • “Know what you are doing, avoid get-rich-quick schemes, do your homework, don’t bet the ranch.” - Leon Black.
  • "There is nothing emotional about money; you need to have a sound basis for what you buy or own." - Meredith Whitney
  • "My father warned me never to move into the neighborhood of poverty” - Ben Stein: Staying Out Of Bad Money Neighborhoods
  • “Pay attention to the big themes, because that’s what will help you earn ten times your money.” - Barry Sternlicht
  • "Don't put your eggs in one basket" - Larry Kotlikoff.
  • "Sometimes to make money you have to spend it, whether that’s paying for college, buying a house, buying a good stock or investing in a business.” - Kelly Phillips Erb.
  • "First, you have to be very concentrated, develop an expertise like many entrepreneurs do and secondly, you have to get your hands on somebody else's money." - Bruce Greenwald.
  • “Money enables you to put bread on the table at first, but it also enables you to give back in a big way.” - Leon Cooperman.
  • “The best thing you can do with your money in your 20s is to not make mistakes.” - Alexa von Tobel.
  • “If you are going to be a passive, minority investor, don’t do it with borrowed money." - Marty Whitman.

  •                    Credit Cards        Money Exchange
    American Express
    Bank First
    US Bank
    Bank of America
    Capital One
    TD Bank
    First Premier
    First Interstate
    Key Bank
    Master Card
    Citizens Bank
    Sun Trust
    Wells Fargo

    Exchange Rate per U.S. Dollar -
    Latest Update

    Assets - 10 Largest Banks in the U.S.
    J.P Morgan Chase
    Bank of America
    Wells Fargo
    City Group
    Goldman Sachs
    $2,490 B
    $2,187 B
    $1,930 B
    $1,792 B
    $860 B
    Morgan Stanley
    U.S Bankcorp
    TD Bank
    $814 B
    $445 B
    $366 B
    $357 B
    $343 B

    U.S. Banks (by States)
    | Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | District of Columbia | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming |









    District of Columbia





















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    New York

    North Carolina

    North Dakota





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    West Virginia



    Fees for Checking & Debit Card

    ------------------ ----------------------------------------------- ---------------
    Bank of America $25 deposit to open; $8.95 monthly fee unless statements are paperless and deposits/ withdrawals are done online or by ATM. No fee
    Wells Fargo $100 deposit to open; $5 monthly fee unless direct deposit or average balance of $1,500. No fee
    JPMorgan Chase $25 deposit to open; $12 monthly fee unless direct deposit of at least $500, minimum balance of $1,500 or $5,000 average daily balance in linked accounts. No fee
    Citigroup $0 to open; $10 monthly fee unless balance of at least $1,500 in prior month or one direct deposit and one bill payment each month. No fee
    US Bank $50 to open; $6.95 monthly fee with online statements or $8.95 with paper statements unless direct deposits of at least $500 or average account balance of $1,500. No fee
    PNC $25 to open; no monthly fee. No fee
    TD Bank $0 to open; $2.99 monthly fee with online statements or $3.99 monthly fee with paper statements. No fee
    Capital One $50 to open; $8.95 monthly fee unless $300 minimum daily balance or monthly direct deposit of at least $250. No fee
    Sun Trust $100 to open; $7 monthly fee unless minimum balance of $500 or direct deposit. No fee
    BB&T $50 to open; $10 monthly fee unless direct deposit of at least $100; $1,500 average balance or a mortgage with BB&T. No fee.

    Safeguarding Your Credit Score

    How to Prevent & Detect Card Fraud

    • Regularly review credit cards and bank statements for possible misuse.
    • Report suspicious activity to credit card companies, banks or financial institutions immediately.
    • Contact the Federal Trade Commission or law enforcement with any reports of identity theft.
    • Get free credit reports from each nationwide credit reporting agency: Equifax (1-800-685-1111), Experian (1-888-397-3742), and TransUnion Corporation (1-800-916-8800); review each carefully, and request any fraudulent transactions be deleted.
    • Who Will Be Responsible for Credit Card Debt after a Death?

    Credit Card Act: Charges & Changes

    • If a credit card company raises your interest rate, it will have to tell you the reasons. Furthermore, credit card issuers must give you 45 days advance warning of upcoming changes (e.g.; interest rates).
    • If your credit rate increases, credit card issuers must reevaluate it every six-month period. If you deserve to have it lowered, the card issuer must comply within 45 days of the evaluation.
    • Customers have the right to opt out of fee increases and interest rate hikes (e.g.; cancel cards and pay off the existing balances).
    • Consumers get 21 days to make a payment after a bill is delivered instead of 14 days.
    • Credit card issuers can not raise rates on any existing balances. If your rate increases, it will only apply to new charges.
    • Issuers cannot raise your rates because you miss a payment or fall behind on a different account.
    • Payments will be applied to the balance with the highest interest rate first.
    • Penalty rates on existing balances can only be applied if your payment is 60 days late. If you then remain in good standing, your rate must go back down after six months.
    • Promotional rates must last at least six months.
    • Any penalty fees or rates must be "reasonable and proportional," as defined by the Federal Reserve.
    • Card issuers must periodically review your account and potentially reduce your rates.
    • Credit card issuers cannot charge you a penalty fee that is larger the infraction. For example, if you are late on a $10 payment or you spend more $10 more than your max, your penalty fee cannot be more than $10.
    • Credit card issuers will no longer be able to charge you an inactivity fee or not using your card.
    • All gift cards sold must be good for at least five years. You can also request a replacement for any expired gift card for free. Only one fee per month can be charged and dormancy fees can only be assessed if you haven't used your gift card in a year.

    Credit Card 101 for Students

    • To open a credit card account if you are under 21, you will need to show that you have the income to make required payments or get a co-signer 21 or older who has the ability to do so.
    • Anyone 21 or older - not just parents, legal guardian or a spouse - can co-sign for younger students to get a credit card.
    • Once you have a credit card with a co-signer, if you want a higher credit limit, the co-signer must agree in writing to the increase.
    • Co-signer is equally responsible for the debt, and his/her credit card scores can be impacted.
    • If you need to use a credit card to buy a product online, you only use it with a "https" site; never use a credit card on a site without "s" after http.

    A Guide To Money Transfer

      Never wire money to...
    • Someone you don't know.
    • Someone claiming to be a relative in a crisis - and who wants to keep their request for money a secret.
    • Someone who says a money transfer is the only form of payment that's acceptable.
    • Someone who asks you to deposit a check and send some of the money back.

    Did You Know?

    • In 2017 there are 2,043 billionaires, which is up 233 since the 2016 list; their total net worth is $7.67 trillion.
    • The average credit card rate is 18.9%, but they vary from 0% to more than 50%.
    • As of 12/2015 there are around 318 million credit card accounts with $2,330 on average spending in the U.S.; the average credit line for new customers with the best credit stands at $9,060.
    • If you take out a payday loan, you will likely be charged a fee of between $10 and $30 for every $100 borrowed. If payday is in two weeks, a $500 loan costs $150, and $650 will be electronically withdrawn from the borrower's checking account.
    • Sixty percent of credit card holders with investable assets of $100,000 or more say cash back is their favorite credit card perk while 22 percent said they preferred frequent flier miles.
    • A FICO score is calculated from credit reports based on payment history (35%), amount owed (30%), length of credit history (15%), new credit (10%) and types of credit used (10%).
    • Your credit reports document your history of using credit. A longer credit history helps your credit score and is a positive sign to lenders who check your credit report. When you cancel an account, particularly an old one, you shorten your history and could lower your credit score.
    • Credit reports or credit scores may affect your mortgage rates, car loan rates, credit card approvals, apartment requests, or even your job application. You need to ensure that the information on all of your credit reports is correct and up to date.
    • 10 places NOT to use your debit card: online, big-ticket items, deposit required, restaurants, you're a new customer, buy now and take delivery later, recurring payments, future travel, gas stations and hotels, and checkouts or ATMs that look 'off'.
    • Four Risky Places to Swipe Your Debit Card: ATMs, Gas Stations, Web, and Restaurants.
    • The biggest retirement mistake people make is they stick their money in a bank; the inflation will destroy 50% of savings every 22 years if the money is deposited there. Money needs to put in safe investments.
    • 46% of Americans have less than $10,000 saved for retirement, and 36% of Americans don’t contribute anything at all to their savings.
    • Americans working abroad are eligible for the foreign earned income exclusion, which in 2012 exempted the first $95,100 from tax. But even if Americans earn less than that or are paying higher taxes in the country where they are working, they still need to file a tax return with the IRS.
    • Your credit score, which ranges from 300 to 990, is calculated in a weighted formula using the available information in your credit report. The FICO credit score ranges between 300 and 850. The VantageScore score ranges from 501-990. 35% of the score is based on your payment history; 30% of the score is based on outstanding debt; 15% of the score is based on the length of time you've had credit; 10% of the score is based on the number of inquiries on your report; and 10% of the score is based on the types of credit you currently have.
    • The FICO credit score ranges between 300 and 850, with 623 being the median FICO score of Americans in 2010. The VantageScore score ranges from 501-990. In order to get a mortgage loan, most U.S. banks require a loaner to have a minimum score of 640, and most private mortgage insurance companies do provide mortgage insurance for borrowers with scores below 660.
    • As of August 2012, the average credit card holder has 4 credit cards, and around 70% of American students have credit cards.
    • As of May 2011, around 40 percent of US government spending relied on borrowed money.
    • As of January 2010, around 80% of consumers owned a debit card, compared to 78% who owned a credit card and 17% who owned a prepaid card.
    • There were about 159 million credit card holders in the United States in 2000, 173 million in 2006, 176.8 million credit card holders in 2008, and estimated 181 million credit card holders in 2010.
    • It is illegal for debt collectors to make empty threats about serving people with a lawsuit or seizing their home.
    • If you are contacted by someone who is trying to collect a debt that you do not owe, you should:
      • Contact your local law enforcement agencies if you feel you are in immediate danger;
      • Contact your bank(s) and credit card companies;
      • Contact the three major credit bureaus and request an alert be put on your file;
      • If you have received a legitimate loan and want to verify that you do not have any outstanding obligation, contact the loan company directly;
      • File a complaint at www.IC3.gov.
    • For older debts, the amount of time collectors can sue for payment varies state by state, and can be anywhere from two to 15 years.
    • China and Japan are the countries with the two biggest stockpiles of foreign exchange and total-currency reserves. As of the end of December 2011, the total reserve assets of China, Japan, Euro Zone and the U.S. were USD $3.5 trillion, $1.3 trillion, $912 billion, and $149 billion respectively.
    • In the U.S. as of 11/2011, 34% major banks, 70% community banks, and 78% credit unions offer no-fee checking accounts to their customers; and 77% of total checking account fees that are overdraft charges.
    • Thirty U.S. companies paid less than zero in federal income taxes in at least one year from 2008 to 2010. These companies, whose pretax U.S. profits totaled $160 billion over the three years, included: Pepco Holdings (Profit: $882M; Tax: –$508M; Rate: -57.6%), General Electric (Profit: $10,460M; Tax: –$4,737; Rate: -45.3%), PG&E (Profit: $4,855M; Tax: –$1,027M; Rate: -21.2%), Computer Sciences (Profit: $1,666M; Tax: –$305M; Rate: -18.3%), DuPont (Profit: $2,124M; Tax: –$72M; Rate: -3.4%), Verizon (Profit: $32,518M; Tax: –$951M; Rate: -2.9%), Boeing (Profit: $9,735M; Tax: –$178M; Rate: -1.8%),Wells Fargo (Profit: $49,370M; Tax: –$681M; Rate: -1.4%), and Honeywell (Profit: $4,903M; Tax: –$34M; Rate: -0.7%).
    • U.S. financial firms paid about $20.8 billion in bonus for work done in 2010.
    • In New York City, the average Wall Street salary in 2010 was $361,330, which is more than five times the average salary of a private-sector worker in the city.
    • During the past 2.5 years, American financial firms generated at least $83 billion in profit.
    • A debit card, which looks like a credit card but works like an electronic check, allows the cashier to run it through a scanner that enables the financial institution to verify electronically that the funds are available and approve the transaction.
    • In November 2010, the U.S. government ran a $150.39 billion budget deficit; its income was $148.96 billion, and spending was $299.35 billion. A year ago in November the deficit was $120.29 billion
    • As of June 1, 2010, the total U.S. public debt outstanding was over $13 trillion. In 1843, the U.S. government set up an account to accept gifts from people wishing to help the country. These days, the money is directed to pay down the country debt. In 2009, people sent $3,063,057. So far this year (June 2010): $2,451,267.
    • As of the beginning of January 2010, there were about 576.4M credit cards and 507M debit cards in circulation in the U.S.  The average number of credit cards held by cardholders was 3.5, and the average credit card debt per household was $16,007. The credit card default rate was 11.37 percent.
    • The United States Dollar is the currency in American Samoa (AS, ASM), British Virgin Islands (VG, VGB, BVI), El Salvador (SV, SLV), Guam (GU, GUM), Marshall Islands (MH, MHL), Micronesia (Federated States of Micronesia, FM, FSM), Northern Mariana Islands (MP, MNP), Palau (PW, PLW), Puerto Rico (PR, PRI), United States (United States of America, US, USA), Turks and Caicos Islands (TC, TCA), Virgin Islands (VI, VIR), Timor-Leste, Ecuador (EC, ECU), Johnston Island, Midway Islands, and Wake Island.
    • On 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro (€) as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries .
    • The countries in the European Union (EU) that use the euro are: Belgium, Germany, Greece, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, and Finland.
    • European Union countries not using the euro are: Denmark, Sweden, and the U.K.
    • Other territories using the euro are: Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, The Vatican, Martinique, Guadalupe (Caribbean), Reunion (Indian Ocean), Montenegro, and  Kosovo.
    • Bank of America, which was established in 1930, was originally Bank of Italy!
    • As of the end of 2009, there were 270 million Visa credit cards, 82 million Visa debit cards, 203 million MasterCard credit cards, 125 million MasterCard debit cards, 48.9 million American Express credit cards, and 54.4 million Discover credit cards in circulation in the United States.
    • The United States Dollar is also known as the American Dollar, and the US Dollar. The symbol for USD can be written $. The Federal Government started printing paper currency in 1861.
    • The United States Mint is in charge of producing the nation's coins, while the Bureau of Engraving has printed banknotes and printing for the Federal Reserve since 1914. Note size used to be very large but switched over to a smaller size in 1928. A million dollars' worth of $100 bills weighs about 22 pounds.
    • The biggest bill that exists is one for $100,000.  This $100,000 bill was never made available to the public, and was limited to transactions between the Treasury Department and the Federal Reserve. However, it is still legal tender, if anyone can get it.
    • The issuance of US currency in denominations of five hundred dollars, one thousand dollars, five thousand dollars, and ten thousand dollars was discontinued in 1969 because of declining use.
    • Flatbush National Bank of Brooklyn was the first bank to issue a credit card in 1946.

    News & Tips

    1. 10 Top Credit Cards Tips for 2018
    2. 2017’s States Most Vulnerable to Identity Theft & Fraud
    3. Consumers Count: Tools and Resources for Money Decisions
    4. The Equifax Data Breach: What to Do
    5. How to Find Out if You're Affected by the Equifax Hack
    6. Equifax Breach 2017: Here's Why You Shouldn't Freak Out
    7. My Data Was Compromised in the Equifax Hack. What Now?
    8. The Best Credit Card Processing For Small Business Owners.
    9. Best Credit Card Processing Solutions for Business in 2017.
    10. Best Credit Card Processor Reviews of 2017.
    11. Best Credit Card Processing Companies.
    12. Credit Card Processing Companies - Best Rankings.
    13. Top 10 Payment Processing Companies.
    14. How to Choose a Credit Card Processing Company.
    15. What You Need to Know About Credit Card Processing.
    16. How a Credit Card is Processed.
    17. Credit Card Order Process Flowchart.
    18. Credit Card Transaction Process ( Flowchart).
    19. How Credit Card Processing Works.
    20. Credit Card Processing: How Does it Work?.
    21. Payment Processing | Get the Basics on Payment Processing.
    22. Payments 101: Credit and Debit Card Payments.
    23. Credit Card Transaction Processing Basics.
    24. How Credit Card Transaction Processing Works: Steps, Fees.
    25. Credit Card Processing in 8 Simple Steps.
    26. How Long Does It Take to Improve a Credit Score?.
    27. How to Rebuild Credit in 7 Steps & How Long It Will Take.
    28. What Affects Your Credit Score? The Top 5 Factors.
    29. 7 Credit Card Tips Everyone Should Know.
    30. 7 Tips for Handling Your First Credit Card.
    31. 8 Tips For Never Missing A Due Date.
    32. 12 Credit Card Tips That May Surprise You.
    33. High-Yield CDs: Red Flags that Signal a Scam.
    34. FDIC: Consumer Protection Topics - Debt Collection.
    35. Beware of Fake Check Scams.
    36. Bitcoin: More than a Bit Risky.
    37. Reverse Mortgages: Avoiding a Reversal of Fortune.
    38. Facing Debt Collection? Know Your Rights.
    39. In Debt and Afraid: Dealing With Debt Collectors.
    40. Know Your Rights Under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act.
    41. Debt Collection - Don’t Recognize that Debt? Here’s What To Do.
    42. How To Verify Whether or Not a Debt Collector Is Legitimate.
    43. How To Respond to a Debt Collector's Request.
    44. 3 Strategies to Deal With Debt Collectors.
    45. 6 Tips for Dealing with Debt Collectors.
    46. What Is a Debt Collector and Why Are They Contacting Me?.
    47. Top 10 Debt Collection Rights for Consumers.
    48. 10 Tips for Dealing with Debt Collectors, Collection.
    49. Understanding Your Debt Collection Rights.
    50. FAQs: How to Deal with Debt Collection Agencies.
    51. Debt Collection: What You Need to Know to Protect Yourself.
    52. Inside the Dark, Lucrative World of Consumer Debt Collection.
    53. The Secret World of Government Debt Collection.
    54. Debt Collector Malpractice: Someone Else's Debt Could Ruin Your Credit Rating.
    55. Handling Debt Collection Calls: Dos and Don'ts.
    56. A Debt Collector's Day.
    57. Keeping Your Account Secure: Tips for Protecting Your Financial Information.
    58. How To Avoid an Online Payday Loan or Window to a Scam.
    59. New Twists to Telephone Collection Scam Related to Delinquent Payday Loans.
    60. 50 Personal Finance Tips That Will Change the Way You Think About Money.
    61. 24 Personal Finance Facts You Should Know – But Probably Don't.
    62. The Good, Bad and Worrisome News about Credit Cards.
    63. Average Credit Card Debt Statistics.
    64. What Does a Bank Do With Your Personal Information?
    65. Five Do's and Don'ts That Can Help You Achieve Greater Financial Security
    66. 10 Tips for Managing Credit Cards in 2016
    67. 7 Credit Card Tips Everyone Should Know
    68. Know Your Risk Before Giving Credit Card to a Relative
    69. Credit Report Reboot: 4 Changes You Need to Know About
    70. The Credit Report Mistake 1 in 3 Americans Make
    71. Why Correcting Your Credit Report Just Got Easier
    72. 10-Minute Money Move: Sleuth for Errors on Your Credit Report
    73. 7 Things You've Always Wanted to Know About Credit Card Rewards
    74. 10 Top Credit Mistakes to Avoid
    75. 10 Things You’re Embarrassed to Ask About Credit
    76. Credit Scores 101
    77. Dispute an Error on My Credit Report
    78. Negotiate Down My Credit Card APR
    79. Managing the Financial Impact of Unexpected Job Loss
    80. Credit Card for:
    81. 50 Ways to Improve Your Finances in 2015
    82. What’s the Difference Between Visa and MasterCard?
    83. The 10 States Where Credit Data is Most and Least Significant: Michigan, South Carolina, Maine, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Virginia, Tennessee, Oregon, Illinois, and Missouri.
    84. Personal Finance Tips
    85. Top Ten Financial Tips
    86. Start Building Good Financial Habits
    87. 10 Ways to Save Money When You Return to College
    88. 8 Crucial Money Lessons We Can Learn From the Holidays
    89. Set Financial Goals
    90. Feeling the Student Loan Crunch? 5 Ways to Tackle Your Outstanding Balance
    91. How Your Personality Could Influence Your Money Management Style
    92. Love and Money: Why Now Is the Perfect Time for Couples to Have the Money Talk
    93. 10 Insider Tips for Saving Money on Fall and Winter Clothes for Your Family
    94. How to Keep Friendships Strong When You Make (a Lot) More Money
    95. 5 Ways to Retrain Your Brain to Save More for Retirement
    96. 10 Easy Ways to Pay Off Debt
    97. 50 Tips for Living Your Best Money Life
    98. 8 Financial Mistakes to Avoid When Building a New Home
    99. 40 Financial Things You Should Know by 40
    100. Ways to Make More Money to Pay Down Your Debt
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    104. Budgeting 101
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    121. Go Inside Your Credit Report: If You're Like Most People, You'll Be Surprised What's Not Counted
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    152. On Poverty, Interest Rates, and Payday Loans
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    160. How to Handle a Dispute with Your Bank.
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    163. How To Improve Your Finances at Every Age
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    184. What’s In Your FICO Score - How Your FICO Score Is Calculated
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    U.S. Deficit Spending Facts (Source: Heritage.org)

    Public Debts
    Source: CIA

    Country % of GDP Year Country % of GDP Year
      USA 73.8 2016 Portugal 126.2 2016
      Japan 234.7 2016 Austria 85.8 2016
      Germany 69.0 2016 Hungary 75.1 2016
      Italy 132.5 2016 Syria 57.5 2016
      India 52.3 2016 Jordan 90.6 2016
      China 20.1 2016 Croatia 88.3 2016
      France 96.5 2016 European Union 86.8 2016
      UK 92.2 2016 Ukraine 78.2 2016
      Brazil 75.4 2016 U.A.E 60.3 2016
      Canada 98.9 2016 Denmark 39.6 2016
      Spain 99 2016 Romania 39.3 2016
      Mexico 49.7 2016 Indonesia 29.4 2016
      Greece 181.6 2016 Iran 11.9 2016
      Netherlands 63.7 2016 Turkey 32.7 2016
      Turkey 32.7 2016 Norway 32.2 2016
      Belgium 106.7 2016 Australia 46.1 2016
      Egypt 92.6 2016 Philippines 42.9 2016
      Poland 44.7 2016 Sweden 41.4 2016
      South Korea 46.1 2016 Vietnam 54.9 2016
      Singapore 110.5 2016 Thailand 50.4 2016
      Taiwan 32.7 2016 Kenya 50.4 2016

    Public Debt is the total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency.

    * CIA's World Factbook list only percentage of GDP, the debt amount and per capita is calculated with GDP (PPP) and population figures of same report.

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    Credit-Rating Firms
    Moody's   - Found in 1900 and began rating securities in 1909, Moody's Corporation rates more than 150,000 corporate, government securities, 75,000 public finance obligations, 10,000 corporate relationships, and 100 nations. Moody’s has more than 2,100 employees in 18 countries. Its revenue is $1.25 billion, including about $363.9 million in net income. The firm makes up about 40% of the credit-rating business.

    Standard & Poor's   - Found in 1860 and began rating corporate debt in 1916, Standard & Poor's rates about 100 countries with more than $7 trillion in bonds and other financial obligations in more than 50 countries. Standard & Poor's has more than 5,000 employees in 20 countries. Its revenue is about $1 billion. The firm makes up about 40% of the credit-rating business.

    Fitch Ratings   - Found in 1913 and began rating business in 1924, Fitch Ratings (Paris-based Fimalac SA), rates about 3,000 financial institutions, 1000 corporations, 85 countries and 39,000 municipal offerings. Fitch Ratings has about 1,400 employees in 50 countries. Its revenue is about $500 million, $125 million in net income. The firm makes up about 14% of the credit-rating business.

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    VISA - Visa is a private, membership association jointly owned by 21,000 member financial institutions around the world. With more than 1 billion cards in circulation, and with unsurpassed acceptance in over 150 countries, the reach and popularity of Visa-branded cards is nearly universal.

    Master Card - MC is one of the most recognized and respected global payment brands in the world. With approximately 25,000 MasterCard, Cirrus and Maestro members worldwide, MasterCard serves consumers and businesses, both large and small, in 210 countries and territories with over 22 million locations around the globe.

    American Express - Established in 1850 in New York, American Express Company is a diversified worldwide travel and financial services company. It is a leader in charge and credit cards, Travelers Cheques, travel, investment products, insurance and international and online banking.

    Discover Financial Services - A business unit of Morgan Stanley, operates the Discover® Card brands. It offers a variety of Cards, including Discover Classic Card, Discover Gold Card, Discover Platinum Card, Miles Card from Discover Card and an array of affinity cards.

    The Federal Reserve System - is the central bank of the United States, responsible for providing the US with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system, supervising financial institutions, and ensuring that consumers receive adequate information and fair treatment in their business with the banking system.

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation - FDDI, a US independent agency, preserves and promotes public confidence in the US financial system by insuring deposits in banks for up to $100,000 (temporary $250,000 during the current world financial crisis), and by monitoring and addressing risks to the deposit insurance funds.

    The World Bank - is the financial organization that provides low-interest loans, interest-free credit, and grants to developing countries. Some 10,000 development professionals from nearly every country in the world work in the World Bank's Washington DC headquarters or in its 109 country offices.

    The International Monetary Fund - The IMF is an international organization of 184 member countries with the headquarters in Washington, DC. Its operations -- which involve surveillance, financial assistance, and technical assistance -- have developed to meet the changing needs of its member countries in an evolving world economy.

    The African Development Bank - The AFDB is a regional multilateral development finance institution established in 1964 and engaged in mobilizing resources towards the economic and social progress of its regional member countries. It is headquartered in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire).

    The Asian Development Bank - The ADB is a multilateral development finance institution dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific. Established in 1966, it is now owned by 64 members, mostly from the region. The ADB's headquarters is in Manila with 26 other offices around the world.

    The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)- Established in 1991, owned by 60 countries and 2 intergovernmental institutions, the EBRD uses tools of investment to help build market economies and democracies in 27 countries from central Europe to central Asia.

    The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)- Established in 1959 as a partnership between 19 Latin American countries and the United States, the IDB is the main source of multilateral financing for economic, social and institutional development projects as well as trade and regional integration programs in Latin America and the Caribbean.

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