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Wild Animal Life & Pets

Will These Species Survive?
Source: World Wildlife Fund

Amur Leopard
Bluefin Tuna
Whooping Crane
Giant Panda
Great Apes
Javan Rhinoceros
Leatherback Turtle
Magellanic Penguin
Mountain Gorilla
Monarch Butterfly
Pacific Walrus
Polar Bear
Whales & Dolphins
Tiger & Elephant
Tree Kangaroos

Did You Know?
  1. Approximately 4.5 million dog bites occur each year in the United States; almost 1 out of 5 bites becomes infected.
  2. 6,755 U.S. postal workers were attacked by dogs in 2016, 200 more than in 2015. Cities that had the most dog attacks on postal workers in 2016 include:
    • Los Angeles, CA (80)
    • Houston, TX (62)
    • Cleveland, OH (60)
    • San Diego, CA (57)
    • Louisville, KY (51)
    • Detroit, MI (48)
    • Denver, CO (47)
    • Chicago, IL (46)
    • Indianapolis, IN (44)
    • Minneapolis, MN (43)
    • San Antonio, TX (42)
    • Portland, OR (41)
    • Dallas, TX (41)
    • Philadelphia, PA (40)
  3. Rats are very easy to breed; they can reach sexual maturity at 5 weeks of age.
  4. Horses and cows sleep while standing up.
  5. An average adult American alligator's weight and length is 360 kg (790 lb) and 4.0 m (13.1 ft), some grow to 4.4 m (14 ft) long and weigh over 450 kg (990 lb); they can live up to 100 years.
  6. Birds are the most widespread of all animals around the world, and there are about known 10,000 species of birds grouped into 30 categories; however, scientists recently discovered that there are over 18,000 bird species on the Earth.
  7. The African grey parrot is a medium-sized, predominantly grey, black-billed parrot which weighs 400 g, with a length of 33 cm, and an average wingspan of 46–52 cm. An African grey parrot may live for 40–60 years in captivity, although their mean lifespan in the wild appears to be shorter at about 23 years. The African gray parrot is the most talkative bird in the world, one parrot can say up to 800 words, while most species of parrots can learn only around 50 words.
  8. The most largest known wild cats in the world:
  9. The Whooping Crane is the tallest and rarest bird in North America and one of the most awe-inspiring, with its snowy white plumage, crimson cap, bugling call, and graceful courtship dance; there were 1,400 whooping cranes in 1860 and then plummeted to an all time low of 15 birds in 1941; as of 2016 there are about 200 whooping cranes. - Operation migration whooping crane cam.
  10. Crocodiles are large reptiles found in tropical regions of Africa, Asia, the Americas and Australia; one of the largest known populations of American crocodiles is found in the Dominican Republic's at a large saltwater lake called Lago Enriquillo; crocodiles can live from 30 to 75 years.
  11. Around 100,000 fatalities are estimated to occur as a result of venomous snake bites each year worldwide, but snakes are also making their mark on human health in contrast to the way nature intended by saving lives.
  12. An adult black rhinoceros stands 132–180 cm (52–71 in) high at the shoulder and is 2.8–3.8 m (9.2–12.5 ft) in length, plus a tail of about 60 cm (24 in) in length. An adult typically weighs from 800 to 1,400 kg (1,800 to 3,100 lb); however, unusually large male specimens have been reported at up to 2,199–2,896 kg (4,848–6,385 lb).
  13. There were about 70,000 black rhinoceros in 1960s, its population, which continues to plummet, was around 5,000 as of 2013, as the black-market price for its horns ($45,000/piece). The horn is mostly used for traditional medicine although there are no health benefits from the horn.
  14. The white rhinoceros or square-lipped rhinoceros is the largest and most numerous species of rhinoceros that exists; the southern white rhinoceros, with an estimated 20,400 wild-living animals at the end of 2013, and the much rarer northern white rhinoceros.
  15. Adult bulls may weigh between 500 and 1,000 kilograms (1,100 and 2,200 lb). The world record for the heaviest bull was 1,740 kg (3,840 lb), a Chianina named Donetto, when he was exhibited at the Arezzo show in 1955.
  16. The female counterpart to a bull is a cow, while a male of the species which has been castrated is a steer/ox or bullock, or a young bull (in North America), or a draught animal (in Australia).
  17. The Chianina , which is an Italian breed of cattle/cow is the largest and one of the oldest cattle breeds in the world.
  18. As of 2014, the record for the tallest oxen/cow is Fiorino, an Italian Chianina ox who measured 6 ft 8 in to the withers, Bellino, a Chianina ox  measured 2.027 m (6 ft 7 in), and Chilli, a black and white Friesian bullock with 6ft 6ins tall.
  19. African elephants, the largest land animals on Earth, eat roots, grasses, fruit, and bark, and they can consume up to 300 pounds (136 kilograms) of food in a single day.
  20. Elephants have a long pregnancy, almost 22 months, and long lifespan, reaching 60–70 years of age.
  21. There were about 10 million African elephants in 1900, its population, which continues to plummet, was around 1.3 million, 0.6 million and 0.47 million as of 1979, 1989 and 2007, respectively, as black-market prices for its tusks ($20,800/piece). Tusks are used by humans to produce ivory, which is used in artifacts and jewelry, and formerly in other items such as piano keys.
  22. The ivory trade has been severely restricted by the United Nations Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
  23. The total population of Asian elephants is around 40,000–50,000.
  24. Cows usually give birth to one calf every two to four years; there were 1.3 billion cows in the world as of 2003.
  25. Python can be human's best friend
  26. A pair of pigeons or doves can produce up to 6 broods a year. Generally, the female lays one or two eggs. The nest is never left unattended; the male sits on the nest from mid-morning until late afternoon, then the female takes over for the night. Both care for the young, which leave the nest after 7 to 28 days.
  27. Longest recorded life span for Koi fish: 226 years, radiated tortoise: 256 years, Galapagos tortoise: 175 years, bowhead whale: 200 years, Patagonian tooth fish: 50 years, geoduck: 160 years, Macaw bird: 109 years, pigeon: 35 years, lion: 30 years, elephant: 69 years, mouse: 4 years, and fruit fly: 153 days.
  28. Armadillos always give birth to four identical pups at a time.
  29. Worker honey bees are all females and never slept.
  30. Queen bees lay 1500 eggs a day.
  31. Urban birds have developed a short, fast "rap style" of singing, different from their rural counterparts.
  32. Camel's milk, which is widely drunk in Arab countries, has 10 times more iron than cow's milk.
  33. Cats are the most popular pets in the world; there are over 600 million cats in homes worldwide.
  34. When cats are happy, they squeeze their eyes shut.
  35. The oldest cat ever was Creme Puff, who was born on August 3, 1967 and lived until August 6, 2005, 38 years and 3 days in total.
  36. The catfish has over 27,000 taste buds.
  37. The African cicada fly sleeps 17 years, wakes up, mates and then dies after 2 weeks.
  38. A cockroach can live up to 9 days without its head.
  39. Dalmatians are born spotless: at first pure white, their spots develop as they age.
  40. The world's tallest dog was Gibson, who stood at a height of 42.2 inches (107 cm) tall and weighed at 180 lbs (82 kg).
  41. The world's oldest dog was an Australian cattle-dog named Bluey; it lived to the human age of 29 years and 5 months!
  42. The world's biggest dog is Hercules, an English Mastiff with a 38 inch neck and weighs 282 lbs..
  43. The dog was one of the first animals domesticated by humans more than 10,000 years.
  44. There are approximately 68,000,000 dogs (and 73,000,000 cats) owned or treated as pets by American people.
  45. Dolphins don't automatically breath; they have to tell  themselves  to do it.
  46. Dolphins have sex for reasons other than reproduction, sometimes also engage in homosexual behavior for pleasure.
  47. Earthworms have five hearts and no lung.
  48. The ferrets were domesticated by humans more than 500 years; they were trained as hunters, catching rabbits and other small rodents.
  49. Koalas have fingerprints that are similar (in pattern, shape and size) those of humans.
  50. The flea can jump 350 times its body length, which is equivalent to a human jumping the length of a football field.
  51. Goldfish will turn white if it is left in a dark room for a long time.
  52. The world’s most tallest living horses are Radar, a Belgian draught horse measured 6ft 7.5ins tall and weighs 2,400lb, and Big Jake, who stands an official 6ft 10.75ins tall and weighs 2,600 lbs.
  53. A lion's roar can be heard from five miles (26,400 ft) away.
  54. A lion can mate 20 to 40 times a day.
  55. Bonobo monkeys (pygmy chimpanzee) are the only non-human animal to have been observed engaging in all of the human sexual activities: face-to-face genital sex, tongue kissing, and oral sex.
  56. Starfish have complex nervous systems, but lack a true centralized brain.
  57. Snails can sleep for 3 years without eating. They can live up to 5 to 10 years. Some have been known to live up to 15 years.
  58. The snake can see through its transparent eye lids when they are closed.
  59. About 5 million snake bites occur each year, resulting in up to 2.5 million envenoming (poisoning from snake bites), at least 100,000 deaths and around three times as many amputations and other permanent disabilities.
  60. Not only the fur of the tiger is striped out, but also its skin.
  61. United States turkey growers produced an estimated 271 million turkeys in 2008.
  62. The blue whale is the loudest animal on the Earth; at 188 decibels, the noise can be detected over 800 kilometers away.
  63. The Philadelphia zoo, which is the first zoo in the U.S., opened its gates on July 1, 1874.

News, Facts and Tips
  1. Python Swallows Indonesian Man Whole (video).
  2. First Underwater Video of the Truth's Beaked Whale.
  3. Brazil: Yellow Fever Killing Thousands of Monkeys.
  4. The World’s Most Adorable Animals (and Where to Find Them).
  5. The Most Beautiful 2-Headed Bearded Dragon.
  6. Funniest Animal Photos.
  7. Mystery Of Bizarre Sea Creature Solved.
  8. That's One Honey Of A Bee Beard.
  9. Endangered Frog Found in Ecuador's Cloud Forests.
  10. High-Fiving Octopuses.
  11. Pit Bull Jumps Off Seawall, Swims 2 Miles Before Being Rescued.
  12. World's Oldest Cat Is a Real Meow-Thuselah.
  13. How Many Kinds of Birds Are There and Why Does It Matter?.
  14. Watching Birds Near Your Home Is Good for Your Mental Health.
  15. Birds of a Feather Mob Together.
  16. New Discovery About Bird Evolution.
  17. Fly-Over States Matter When Understanding -- And Saving - Migratory Birds.
  18. Monitoring Birds by Drone.
  19. 30 Years of Project Feeder Watch Yield New Insights About Backyard Birds.
  20. 99 Colorful Facts about Birds.
  21. 35 of the World’s Rarest Animals.
  22. Rare Animals Rarely Seen.
  23. 25 Rarest Animals On Earth.
  24. 22 Strange Animals You Probably Didn't Know Exist.
  25. The 25 Most Dangerous Animals in the World.
  26. 12 Rare Animals That Are Almost Extinct.
  27. 10 Beautiful Rare Hybrid Animals Around the World.
  28. The 10 Most Rare Animals You Can Only Find in Indonesia.
  29. How Songbirds Island-hopped Out of Australia.
  30. Songbirds Migrate on Strict Schedule.
  31. Hard Knocks: Going to Extremes to Study the Secretive Helmeted Woodpecker.
  32. Will We Soon See Another Wave of Bird Extinctions in the Americas?.
  33. Spruce-Woods Warblers Revisited: 60 Years Later, the Cast of Characters Has Changed.
  34. A Noble Vision of Gulls.
  35. How Do Gulls Deal With Cold Feet?.
  36. Golden-winged and Blue-winged Warblers Are 99.97 Percent Alike Genetically.
  37. Recreating a Home Where Buffalo Can Roam (and Burrowing Owls, Too).
  38. The State of North America’s Birds: How Are Birds Faring in North American’s Nine Major Ecosystems?.
  39. Goodbye, Yellow-rump: Will We See a Return to Myrtle and Audubon’s Warblers?.
  40. Top 10 Most Popular Scary Reptiles.
  41. Top 10 Newfound Species of 2015 Named.
  42. 15 of the World Largest Animals.
  43. 25 of the World’s Largest Dog Breeds You’d Wish You Own.
  44. 99 Colorful Facts About Cats.
  45. General Cat Care Tips.
  46. Tips for Advertising a Lost Pet.
  47. 7 Tips to Cope with the Loss of a Pet.
  48. Anti-Aging Pet Care Tips For Senior Old Pets.
  49. Puppies for National Puppy Day.
  50. How To Protect Dog During Winter.
  51. General Pet Care Tips - Winter Weather.
  52. 7 Tips to Keep Your Pets Cool During Hot Weather.
  53. Tips to Protect Pets.
  54. 28 Books for Dog Lovers.
  55. Why We Love Our Pets, According to Science.
  56. The 2016 Audubon Photography Awards: Top 100.
  57. What Do Birds Use To Duct Tape Their Nests Together?.
  58. Tracking by Satellite Solves Bird Migration Riddles.
  59. Rescue Flight - Whooping Cranes from Wisconsin to their Winter Nesting Grounds in Florida.
  60. To Make A Wild Comeback, Cranes Need More Than Flying Lessons.
  61. Five of the Most Epic Bird Heists in History.
  62. School-Bus-Size Giant Squid May Be Lurking Deep in the Sea.
  63. Killer Whales, Humans Have Much in Common.
  64. Turtles Immune To Old Age? Maybe Not.
  65. Oldest Blanding's Turtle Found at 83 Years Old.
  66. One Small Bird Faces Off With the Lone Star State to Keep Its Protection.
  67. Controversial Plan Would Send Lab Chimps to Unaccredited Zoo.
  68. Grief Over Gorilla’s Death Turns to Outrage.
  69. Gorilla Death at Cincinnati Zoo Puts Debate over Captive Creatures in Stark Relief.
  70. Dead Tiger Cubs Found in Thai Temple Amid Trafficking Fears.
  71. New Film Shows Brutalization of Temple Elephants in India.
  72. Tigers Now Considered ‘Functionally Extinct’ in Cambodia.
  73. Photos: A Rare Snow Leopard Is Collared in Kyrgyzstan.
  74. Elusive Snow Leopard Collared in Kyrgyzstan.
  75. Christie's Auction House Fined After Trying to Sell Ivory.
  76. New Evidence Shows the Illegal Pet Trade Is Wiping Out Indonesia’s Birds.
  77. Human-Eating Monster Crocodile in Florida
  78. South Africa Just Lifted Its Ban on the Rhino Horn Trade.
  79. How Is Rattlesnake Venom Like Fine Wine?.
  80. Silver Boa Discovered in Bahamas.
  81. Adelie Penguins Thriving Amid Antarctica’s Melting Ice.
  82. A Lonely Penguin Journeys Cross-Country For Love.
  83. Shelter Dog Reunited With Original Owner After 10 Years.
  84. Rare Animal Species That Live in Only One Place
  85. The 10 Most Threatened Species in 2010
  86. Rare Animal Seen for the First Time in More than a Decade, in Laos.
  87. 20 of the World's Weirdest Endangered Animal Species.
  88. Rat Reproduction: Mating, Gestation, Birthing, and Growth.
  89. Animal Facts - National Geographic.
  90. Interesting Facts | Animal Planet.
  91. Interesting Facts about Rainforest Animals.
  92. Interesting Africa Animal Facts.
  93. Interesting Facts About Small Animals.
  94. Animal Facts for Kids.
  95. Animal Facts for Kids - Soft Schools.
  96. Fun Animal Facts for Kids - Crazy, Cool, Funny, Amazing, Interesting.
  97. 300 Random Animal Facts.
  98. 122 Facts about Animals.
  99. 79 Insane Facts That Will Change The Way You Look at the Animal.
  100. 60 Interesting But Weird Animal Facts That Can Surprise You.
  101. 50 Incredible Animal Facts You'll Want to Share.
  102. 50 Amazing Animal Facts You Didn't Know About.
  103. 50 Strange and Awesome Animal Facts.
  104. 47 Surprising Facts About Animals.
  105. 36 Random Animal Facts That May Surprise You.
  106. 30 Happy Animal Facts That Will Make You Smile.
  107. 25 Amazing Facts You Didn't Know about Animals.
  108. 24 Most Adorable Animal Facts.
  109. 18 Incredible Animal Facts That Will Frighten And Amaze You.
  110. 14 Adorable Baby Animal Facts.
  111. 10 Amazing Things You Didn't Know about Animals.
  112. 10 Facts About Circus Animals.
  113. 10 Surprising Facts about Animal Intelligence.
  114. 10 Amazing Facts about Animals.
  115. 10 Fun Facts about Farm Animals.
  116. Fun Facts about Pets, Animals, Cats & Dogs.

About Pets & Animals

Animal Types and Characteristics
Source: Colorado State University

Facts About Dogs
  • The Greyhound is the fastest dog; it can run 45 miles per hour.
  • There are more than 200 different breeds of dogs in the US.
  • The Chihuahua is the smallest dog.
  • The Great Dane is the tallest dog.
  • The Irish Wolfhounds is the largest dog.
  • The St. Bernard is the heaviest dog.
  • More than five million puppies are born every year in the United States.
  • In the US, there are approximate 50,000 homeless dogs each year.
  • A puppy is considered as adult at the age of one year, at which it is as physically and mature as a 15 year-old human.
  • Thirty six percent of homes in the US have dogs.
  • Dogs have about 10 vocal sounds.
  • Most domestic dogs are capable of reaching speeds up to about nineteen miles per hour when running at full speed.
  • The top 10 most popular dogs in the US are Labrador Retriever, Yorkshire Terrier, German Shepherd, Golden Retriever, Beagle, Boxer, Dachshund, Poodle, Shih Tzu, and Bulldog.
  • There are currently around 800 different species of domestic dog worldwide.
  • There are 157 different kinds of purebred dogs recognized in the U.S.
  • A dog's heart beats between 70 and 120 times a minute, compared with a human heart, which beats 70 to 80 times a minute.
  • The Chow Chow dog has a black tongue.
  • A puppy has around 28 teeth but the average adult dog has 42 teeth, which include 12 incisors, 4 canines, 16 premolars and 10 molars.
  • Dogs have a visual range of 250 degrees compared to the human range of 180 degrees.
  • A dog can hear sound 250 yards away that most people cannot hear beyond 25 yards.

Ages of Dogs in Human Years

Age of Dog

Small Dogs
(less than 20 lbs)
in Human Years

Medium Dogs
(between 20 & 50 lbs)
in Human Years

Large Dogs
(greater than 50 lbs)
in Human Years





































































CDC - Preventing Dog Bites
Basic Safety Tips


    • Remain motionless (e.g., "be still like a tree") when approached by an unfamiliar dog.
    • Curl into a ball with your head tucked and your hands over your ears and neck if a dog knocks you over.
    • Immediately let an adult know about stray dogs or dogs that are behaving strangely.


    • Approach an unfamiliar dog.
    • Run from a dog.
    • Panic or make loud noises.
    • Disturb a dog that is sleeping, eating, or caring for puppies.
    • Pet a dog without allowing it to see and sniff you first.
    • Encourage your dog to play aggressively.
    • Let small children play with a dog unsupervised

    What Do You Do If an Unfamiliar Dog Approaches You and You Do Not Want to Interact With a Dog?

    • Stop! Stay still and be calm.
    • Do not panic or make loud noises.
    • Avoid direct eye contact with the dog.
    • Say "No" or "Go Home" in a firm, deep voice.
    • Stand with the side of your body facing the dog. Facing a dog directly can appear aggressive to the dog. Instead, keep your body turned partially or completely to the side.
    • Slowly raise your hands to your neck, with your elbows in.
    • Wait for the dog to pass or slowly back away.

    What If You Get Bitten or Attacked by a Dog?

    • Put your purse, bag, or jacket between you and the dog to protect yourself.
    • If you are knocked down, curl into a ball with your head tucked in and your hands over your ears and neck.
    • When you get to a safe place, immediately wash wounds with soap and water. Seek medical attention, especially:
      • If the wound is serious (uncontrolled bleeding, loss of function, extreme pain, muscle or bone exposure, etc.).
      • If the wound becomes red, painful, warm, or swollen, or if you develop a fever.
      • If it has been more than 5 years since your last tetanus shot and the bite is deep.
    • Because anyone who is bitten by a dog is at risk of getting rabies, consider contacting your local animal control agency or police department to report the incident, especially:
      • If you don't know if the dog has been vaccinated against rabies.
      • If the dog appears sick or is acting strangely.
    • If possible, contact the owner and ensure the animal has a current rabies vaccination. You will need the rabies vaccine license number, name of the veterinarian who administered the vaccine, and the owner's name, address, and phone number.

    Minor Wounds

    • Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water.
    • Apply an antibiotic cream.
    • Cover the wound with a clean bandage.
    • See a healthcare provider if the wound becomes red, painful, warm, or swollen; if you develop a fever; or if the dog that bit you was acting strangely.

    Deep Wounds

    • Apply pressure with a clean, dry cloth to stop the bleeding.
    • If you cannot stop the bleeding or you feel faint or weak, call 911 or your local emergency medical services immediately.
    • See a healthcare provider as soon as possible.

    See a Healthcare Provider Immediately

    • If wounds appear infected (red, painful, warm, or swollen).
    • If you do not know the dog or if the dog does not have a current rabies vaccination certificate, because you might need treatment to prevent rabies.

    What Diseases Can You Get From Dog Bites?

    In addition to causing injury, dog bites can spread germs from dogs to people. On average, up to 18% of dog bites become infected with bacteria. Over 60 different kinds of bacteria have been found in dog mouths, but only a handful of these germs can make you sick. You should be aware of the following diseases that can result from dog bites:

    • Rabies is one of the most serious diseases people can get from dog bites. Although getting rabies from a dog in the United States is rare, rabies is a disease that you should be aware of. Rabies is a virus that affects the brain and is almost always fatal. The most common way rabies virus is spread is through the bite and saliva of an infected animal. The disease can be prevented by vaccinating dogs. People who are exposed to a dog or any animal that could have rabies should receive treatment immediately to prevent rabies.
    • Capnocytophaga spp. are bacteria that live in the mouths of humans, dogs, and cats. These bacteria do not make dogs or cats sick. Rarely, Capnocytophaga spp. can spread to humans through bites, scratches, or close contact from a dog or cat and cause illness. Most people who have contact with dogs or cats do not become sick. People with a weakened immune system (making it more difficult for their bodies to fight infection) are at greater risk of becoming sick.
    • Pasteurella is a type of bacteria seen in over 50% of infected dog bite wounds. Pasteurella commonly causes a painful, red infection at the site of the bite but can cause more serious disease in people with a weak immune system. Often these signs are accompanied by swollen glands, swelling in the joints, and difficulty moving.
    • MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is type of Staph infection that is resistant to a certain group of antibiotics. Dogs and other animals can carry MRSA without showing any symptoms, but the bacteria can cause skin, lung, and urinary tract infections in people. In some people, MRSA can spread to the bloodstream or lungs and cause life-threatening infections.
    • Tetanus is a toxin produced by a type of bacteria called Clostridium tetani. This toxin causes rigid paralysis in people and could be a problem in deep bite wounds.

    Any dog can bite, but if you understand the risks for dog bites and know how to protect yourself, you will reduce your likelihood of getting sick or injured.


Birds, Mammals, Arthropods, Reptiles, & Amphibians


Pet Care
Source: National Library Of Medicine

Flea & Tick Control
Small Animals


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