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This Month in History

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1 1972 - President Nixon orders mining of North Vietnam ports and heavy bombing of Hanoi-Haiphong area.
1970 - President Nixon signs laws banning cigarette ads on TV and radio
1935 - First metal radio tube
1918 - British Royal Air Force (RAF) is formed
1864 - First travel insurance policy sold
1789 - Pennsylvania Representative Frederick A. C. Muhlenberg is elected as the first U.S. House Speaker
2 2005 - Pope John Paul II dies
1992 - Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) lands
1987 - IBM introduces PS/2 & OS/2
1982 - Argentina invades the Falklands Islands
1979 - Anthrax poisoning kills 62 in Russia
1966 - Soviet Union's Luna 10 becomes 1st spacecraft to orbit Moon
1917 - President Woodrow Wilson appears before Congress to ask for a declaration of war against Germany
1917 - Jeannette Pickering Rankin, the first elected congresswoman, takes her seat in the U.S. Capitol as a representative from Montana
1902 - First movie theater opens
1875 - Walter Percy Chrysler, the founder of the Chrysler Corporation, is born in Wamego, Kansas
1513 - Ponce de Leon discovers Florida (the present-day St. Augustine)
3 1996 - Ronald H. Brown, the U.S. secretary of commerce and 32 other Americans, are killed in plane crash.
1996 - Unabomber arrested
1948 - President Truman signs Foreign Assistance Act of 1948 (Marshall Plan), which eventually provided over $12 billion of assistance to aid in the economic recovery of Western Europe.
1885 - Daimler's engine patent is granted
1865 - Richmond, VA, the Confederate capital, is captured
1860 - Pony Express (Mail) debuts
4 1997 - DMSP Titan 2 launched and STS 83 (Columbia 22), launch
1996 - Jaguar introduces convertible
1968 - Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated
1949 - NATO is established
1912 - China proclaimed in Tibet
1905 - Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000
1841 - President Harrison dies after one month in office
5 2008 - Actor Charlton Heston dies
1992 - Several hundred thousand demonstrators march in Washington D.C. to support abortion rights for women
1992 - Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori suspends the constitution and dissolves Congress
1991 - Space Shuttle STS 37 (Atlantis 8) launched
1976 - Howard Hughes dies
1969 - Over 100,000 antiwar demonstrators march in New York City to demand the United States withdraw from Vietnam
1955 - Winston Churchill retires as prime minister of Great Britain
1951 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are sentenced to death for passing atomic secrets to the Soviets.
1792 - Washington exercises first presidential veto
6 2009 - At least 300 people die after a magnitude 6.9 earthquake strikes L'Aquila, Italy.
1941 - Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece
1917 - The US enters World War I, declares war on Germany
1841 - Tyler is inaugurated as 10th president
1830 - Mor Church established
7 1963 - A new Yugoslav constitution proclaims Tito the president for life
1953 - Hjalmar Hammarskjold, a former prime minister of Sweden, is elected secretary-general of the United Nations
1947 - Henry Ford, the founder of Ford Motor Company, dies
1945 - Japanese battleship Yamatois k by Allied forces
1939 - Italy invades Albania
1776 - 1776 - U.S. Navy captures the first British warship HMS Edward off the coast of Virginia.
8 2013 - Margaret Thatcher, the first female prime minister of the United Kingdom, dies
1986 - Clint Eastwood elected mayor
1945 - Defiant theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer is hanged
1935 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Emergency Relief Appropriation Act
1899 - The first woman is executed in the electric chair
563 BC - Buddhists celebrate birth of Gautama Buddha
9 1959 - NASA introduced Scott Carpenter, L. Gordon Cooper Jr., John H. Glenn Jr., Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Walter Schirra Jr., Alan Shepard Jr., and Donald Slayton, as the first American astronauts
1942 - U.S. surrenders in Bataan
1940 - Germany invades Norway and Denmark
1865 - Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders his army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia
10 1972 - American B-52 bombers begin bombing North Vietnam for the first time since November 1967
1972 - Fiat executive Oberdan Sallustro is executed by Argentine Communist guerrillas
1963 - The USS Thresher, an atomic submarine, sinks in the Atlantic Ocean, killing entire 129 crew members
1941 - German and Italian invaders of Yugoslavia set up the Independent State of Croatia (also including Bosnia and Herzegovina)
1933 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt establishes the Civilian Conservation Corps
1919 - Emiliano Zapata, a leader of peasants and indigenous people during the Mexican Revolution, is killed in Morelos by government forces
11 1988 - Actress and singer Cher wins Best Actress Oscar for for her performance in Moonstruck
1970 - Apollo 13, the 3rd lunar landing mission, is successfully launched to moon
1951 - President Harry S. Truman relieves General Douglas MacArthur of command of the U.S. forces in Korea
1919 - International Labor Organization is founded in Paris, France
1814 - Napoleon exiles to Elba
1803 - French Foreign Minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand makes an offer to sell Louisiana (state) to the U.S.
12 1981 - The space shuttle Columbia is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, becoming the first reusable manned spacecraft to travel into space
1975 - As the communist Khmer Rouge forces make the final assault on Phnom Penh, U.S. Embassy in Cambodia is evacuated
1961 - Cosaut Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin becomes the first human being to travel into space
1945 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies after four momentous terms in office
1914 - The Mark Strand Theatre, the first public movie “palace”, opens in New York City.
1861 - The Civil War begins
1633 - Galileo is convicted of heresy
13 1997 - Tiger Woods wins first major golf tournament
1990 - Soviets admit to Katyn Massacre of World War II, nearly 5,000 Polish military officers were killed
1970 - Apollo 13's oxygen tank is exploded
1964 - Sydney Poitier becomes the first African American to win the Academy Award for Best Actor
1918 - Germany invades Helsinki, Finland.
1743 - President Jefferson is born in Virginia.
14 2010 - At least 400 people die after a magnitude 6.9 earthquake strikes western China's Qinghai province. 1988 - Soviets troops withdraw from Afghanistan
1986 - 1986, the U.S. launches air strikes against Libya
1956 - First video camera for sound and pictures is produced
1865 - President Abraham Lincoln is shot by Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth at a play at Ford’s Theater, seven blocks from the White House, Washington, D.C.
1818 - Webster’s American Dictionary of the English Language is printed
15 2013 - Two bombs go off near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, killing 3 spectators and wounding more than 260 people
1998 - Pol Pot, the architect of Cambodia’s killing fields, dies
1967 - Massive antiwar protests are held in New York and San Francisco
1959 - Castro visits the United States
1959 - Rand McNally releases first road atlas
1912 - Titanic sinks
1865 - President Lincoln dies from an assassin’s bullet
16 2007 - Massacre at Virginia Tech leaves 32 dead
1972 - Apollo 16, the 5th of six U.S. lunar landing missions, is successfully launched to the moon
1917 - Lenin, leader of the revolutionary Bolshevik Party, returns to Russia from exile
1897 - Frederick William Winterbotham, one of Britain's top code breakers, is born
1889 - Actor Charlie Chaplin is born in London, England
1787 - First American playwright produced
17 1975 - Cambodia falls to the Khmer Rouge
1970 - Apollo 13 returns to Earth
1964 - Ford Mustang, a two-seat, mid-engine sports car, debuts at World’s Fair in Flushing Meadows, New York
1961 - The Bay of Pigs invasion begins
1945 - Americans seize 1,100 tons of uranium in Germany
1941 - Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany (300,000 Yugoslav officers and soldiers were taken prisoner, only 200 Germans died)
1815 - Heavy eruptions of the Tambora volcano in Indonesia kills 80,000 people
1790 - Benjamin Franklin dies in Philadelphia at age 84
18 1989 - 1989 - Thousands of Chinese students protest against government in Beijing, China
1983 - Suicide bomber destroys U.S. embassy in Beirut, killing 63 people, including 17 Americans
1906 - Between 700 and 3,000 people die either from collapsing buildings or in the subsequent fire after a series of violent shocks which last up to a minute in the Great San Francisco, CA
19 1995 - Truck bomb explodes in Oklahoma City kills 168 people
1993 - Branch Davidian compound at Mount Carmel in Waco, Texas, burns
1902 - Earthquake rocks Guatemala, killing over 2,000 people
1775 - The American Revolution begins
20 2008 - 26-year-old Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300 at Twin Ring Montegi in Montegi, Japan, making her the first female winner in IndyCar racing history.
1999 - Columbine High School massacre
1978 - Korean Air Lines jet forced down over Soviet Union
1777 - New York adopts state constitution
21 1992 - Executions resume in California
1989 - Chinese students begin protests at Tiananmen Square
1975 - South Vietnam President Thieu resigns and flees Saigon as Xuan Loc falls
1956 - Elvis Presley's first No. 1 hit
1895 - First projected movie in the U.S.
763 BC - Rome is founded
22 1994 - Former President Richard Nixon dies
1970 - First Earth Day is celebrated
1945 - Hitler admits defeat
1915 - Germans introduce poison gas
23 1987 - Chrysler Corporation purchases Nuova Automobili F. Lamborghini, the Bologna, Italy-based maker of high-priced, high-performance cars.
1975 - Ford says that war is finished for America
1969 - Sirhan Sirhan is sentenced to the death penalty after being convicted in the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy (His sentence was commuted to life in prison after California abolished the death penalty in 1972).
1564 - William Shakespeare born
1791 - President Buchanan is born in Pennsylvania.
24 1980 - An ill-fated military operation to rescue the 52 American hostages held in Tehran, Iran, ends with 8 U.S. servicemen dead and no hostages rescued.
1945 - President Truman is briefed on Manhattan Project, which is attempting to develop the first atomic bomb
1936 - First unscheduled television event
1800 - Library of Congress is established
25 2015 - A magnitude 7.8 quake killed more than 7,000 people in Lamjung, Nepal
1990 - The Hubble Space Telescope is placed into a low orbit around Earth
1980 - A Dan-Air Boeing 727 carrying British tourists to the Canary Islands crashes, killing all 146 on board
1862 - Fall of New Orleans
1859 - Ground broken for Suez Canal
26 1986 - Lucille Ball dies
1986 - Nuclear disaster at Chernobyl
1984 - Reagan visits China
1954 - Geneva Conference begins
27 2015 - 1st female African-American Attorney General, Loretta Lynch, is appointed.
1994 - South Africa holds first multiracial elections
1978 - Afghanistan President Sardar Mohammed Daoud is overthrown and murdered
1941 - German forces enter Athens
1822 - President Grant is born in Vermont.
4977 BC - Universe is created, according to Kepler
28 1969 - Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France
1945 - “Il Duce,” Benito Mussolini, and his mistress, Clara Petacci, are executed at Lake Como.
1915 - International Congress of Women opens at The Hague Netherlands, with more than 1,200 delegates from 12 countries.
1758 - U.S. Senator/President James Monroe is born in Virginia.
29 2004 - The last Oldsmobile comes off the assembly line at the Lansing Car Assembly plant in Michigan, ending the 106-year-old automotive brand, America’s oldest car model
2004 - National World War II Memorial opens in Washington, D.C.
1991 - A devastating cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing more than 135,000 people
1945 - Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun marry
1945 - Americans liberates Dachau, Munich, the first concentration camp established by Germany’s Nazi regime
1862 - Union captures New Orleans
1854 - Ashmun Institute, the first college founded solely for African-American students, is officially chartered
30 1975 - South Vietnam surrenders
1970 - President Nixon announces sending US troops to Cambodia.
1948 - Land Rover is introduced
1945 - Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his underground bunker as Russian troops fought to within yards of his subterranean bunker.
1927 - The first federal prison for women opens
1925 - Dodge is produced and sold
1789 - George Washington gives first presidential inaugural address
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