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    Did You Know?
    1. Depression is a serious medical condition that makes you feel restless, irritable, sad, anxious, numb, hopeless, shame, guilt, worthlessness, and powerlessness. It makes you lose interest in activities, hobbies, appetite and drastic changes in weight, and have little energy and feeling fatigued, trouble sleeping or sleeping too much, and physical problems, such as headaches, stomachaches, and back pain. Depression, stress and anxiety have been linked to memory problems, such as forgetfulness or confusion; it can make you difficult to focus on work and tasks, make decisions, or think clearly. About a quarter of suicides in the US are felt to be due to undiagnosed, or misdiagnosed major depression.
    2. Eating red meat (e.g.; muscle meat such as beef, veal, pork, lamb and mutton) and processed meat (e.g.; hot dogs, ham and bacon) raises the risk of colon cancer.
    3. 90% of more than 100 drugs, both prescription and over-the-counter, were perfectly good to use even 15 years after the expiration date. Excluding certain prescription medicines such as nitroglycerin, insulin, and liquid antibiotics, most medicines stored under reasonable conditions retain at least 70% to 80% of their original potency for at least 1 to 2 years after the expiration date, even after the container has been opened. The expiration date doesn't really indicate a point at which the medication is no longer effective or has become unsafe to use; expired medicine is safe to take, even those that expired years ago.
    4. Urine is made up of excess water and waste products that have been filtered by kidneys from the body. Its natural light yellow color is due to excretion of a pigment found in your blood called urochrome. If you are healthy, the color should be a pale yellow to gold. Normal urine color varies, depending on how much water you drink. Fluids dilute the yellow pigments in urine, so the more you drink, the clearer your urine looks; when you drink less, the color becomes more dark or yellow. Most people need to empty their urine up to eight times a day; pregnant women and older people usually have to go more often than others. If you notice you suddenly have to pee more often than usual, though, it could be a sign of a health problem like a urinary tract infections (UIT), diabetes, an enlarged prostate in men, vaginitis in women, or a problem with the wall of your bladder called interstitial cystitis.
    5. Urine can turn colors far beyond what's normal, including bloody/red/pink, blue, green, dark brown and cloudy white.
      • Bloody urine is common in urinary tract infections (UIT) and kidney stones. These problems usually cause pain; painless bleeding might signal a more-serious problem, such as cancer. Red or pink urine can be caused by (1) diseases, such as urinary track infections, enlarged prostate, kidney cysts, and kidney or bladder stones; (2) foods, such as beets, blackberries and rhubarb); and (3) medications, such as Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) used to treat tuberculosis, and phenazopyridine (Pyridium - a drug that numbs urinary tract discomfort), and laxatives containing senna. Red or pink color can also be caused by your long-distance running.
      • Orange urine can result from medications, such as anti-inflammatory drug sulfasalazine (Azulfidine); phenazopyridine (Pyridium); some laxatives; and certain chemotherapy drugs. Orange urine along with light-colored stools can indicate the liver disease or bile duct. If your urine is dark or orange along with pale stools and yellow skin and eyes, your liver might be malfunctioning.
      • Blue or green urine can be caused by (1) colored food dyes and dyes used for some tests of kidney and bladder function; (2) medications, such as amitriptyline, indomethacin (Indocin, Tivorbex) and propofol (Diprivan); and (3) medical conditions, such as familial benign hypercalcemia, and UIT caused by pseudomonas bacteria.
      • Brown urine can result from (1) food, such as fava beans, rhubarb or aloe; (2) medications, such as antimalarial drugs chloroquine and primaquine, antibiotics metronidazole (Flagyl) and nitrofurantoin (Furadantin), laxatives containing cascara or senna, and methocarbamol — a muscle relaxant; and (3) medical conditions, such as liver and kidney disorders, kidney damage and urinary tract infections; and extreme exercise that leads to muscle injury.
      • Cloudy white urine can be caused by urinary tract infections and kidney stones.
    6. There are approximately 7,000 different types of rare diseases and disorders; it is estimated that 350 million people worldwide suffer from rare diseases. and approximately 50% of these people are children. Rare diseases affect nearly 30 million Americans, but they’re difficult to diagnose, and treatment isn't always available, only 5% of rare diseases have FDA approved drug treatment.
    7. Mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos, which is a mineral that was used in the United States. Mesothelioma is diagnosed in approximately 2,500 Americans each year with a life expectancy of twelve months to eighteen months from the time of diagnosis. There are four types of mesothelioma: pleural, peritoneal, pericardial, and testicular, which impact the cavity of lung, abdomen, heart and testes, respectively. Pleural and peritoneal mesothelioma are the most common ones.
    8. Diabetes is a long-term condition that causes high blood sugar levels; approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1, for which the body does not produce insulin; the rest 90% are type 2, for which the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. The most common diabetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal, male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet. It was estimated that over 382 million people throughout the world have diabetes, including around 29.1 million people in the United States.
    9. Polydipsia is the medical term for extreme thirst, which does not improve no matter how much a person drinks. It is not a disease by itself but can be an important symptom of certain health problems, such as diabetes. Common diabetes mellitus symptoms include polydipsia, polyuria, extreme and uncontrolled hunger, blurred vision, extreme fatigue or lack of energy, genital itching, slow healing of wounds or cuts, weight change (gain or loss), frequent or returning infections, and tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
    10. When treated by an older doctor, hospitalized patients 65 and older may face a slightly higher risk of dying within a month of their admittance than if treated by a younger physician. Clinical skills and knowledge accumulated by experienced physicians can lead to better quality of care; however, doctors' skills and knowledge can also become outdated, as scientific technology and clinical guidelines change over time.
    11. More than 400 million people have cardiovascular illness worldwide; about 18 million people around the world died from heart disease in 2015. Those diseases were highest in countries across sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, and eastern and central Europe. Central and eastern Europe also had high heart disease-driven death rates, alongside Iraq, Afghanistan and several island nations in the South Pacific. The lowest heart disease incidence was found in Singapore, Japan, South Korea, Chile and Argentina. Risk factors for heart disease, like high blood pressure, poor diet, high cholesterol, tobacco smoking, excessive alcohol use and obesity, are common throughout most of the world.
    12. Men and women should drink no more than 14 units a week - equivalent to six pints of beer or seven glasses of wine. Drinking alcohol has a greater effect on the risks of several other cancers - including mouth, liver, breast and bowel; 'half a glass of wine every day' increases breast cancer risk. Eating a balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight are important for reducing the risk of lots of diseases, including cancers.
    13. Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia, a general term for memory loss and other cognitive abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life. One in nine Americans age 65 and older has Alzheimer's disease. Of the 5.4 million Americans with Alzheimer's, an estimated 5.2 million people are age 65 and older, and approximately 200,000 people are under age 65.
    14. There are approximately 7,000 different types of rare diseases and disorders, with more being discovered each day. 30 million people in the United States are living with rare diseases, and approximately 50% of the people affected by rare diseases are children.
    15. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause serious health problems if it is not treated. The name for the disease, ‘syphilis’, originates from an epic Latin poem Syphilis, sive morbus gallicus, ‘Syphilis, or the French disease'. The disease started with genital ulcers, then progressed to a fever, general rash and joint and muscle pains, then weeks or months later were followed by large, painful and foul-smelling abscesses and sores, or pocks, all over the body.  Muscles and bones became painful, especially at night.  The sores became ulcers that could eat into bones and destroy the nose, lips and eyes.  They often extended into the mouth and throat, and sometimes early death occurred. Before the introduction of Penicillin in 1943, Syphilis killed 1000's people each year.  The first Syphilis epidemic was occurred in Naples, Italy (called ‘Disease of Naples’) in 1495. When Syphilis first surfaced, the English named it the ‘French disease’, the French called it the ‘Spanish disease’, Germans named it the ‘French evil’, Russians called it ‘Polish disease’, Poles called it ‘Turkish disease’, Turks called it ‘Christian disease’ and Japan called it ‘Chinese pox.’
    16. Snoring, which occurs when the airway narrows or is partly blocked during sleep, raises risks of cardiovascular disease, stroke, cardiac arrhythmia and hypertension and it's a red flag for obstructive sleep apnea (SOA). About 37 million Americans regularly make grunting, whistling, choking, snorting and/or buzz-saw-like sounds; 34 percent of men and 19 percent of women, who routinely snore, have SOA. As of today there is no certain treatment that can completely stop snoring.
    17. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Many cancers can be prevented by not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, not drinking too much alcohol, eating plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains, vaccination against certain infectious diseases, not eating too much processed and red meat, and avoiding too much sunlight exposure. Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths, Another 10% is due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity and drinking alcohol. Other factors include certain infections, exposure to ionizing radiation and environmental pollutants. The most common types of cancer in males are lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer and stomach cancer. In females, the most common types are breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer and cervical cancer. Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and was responsible for 8.8 million deaths in 2015. Globally, nearly 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer. Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.
    18. In the U.S., each year there are about 56,000 new cases of thyroid cancer, and the majority of those diagnoses are papillary thyroid cancer — the most common type of thyroid cancer. Some thyroid cancer signs and symptoms include a hoarse voice, neck pain, and enlarged lymph nodes. Although as much as 75% of the population will have thyroid nodules, the vast majority are benign. Thyroid cancer can occur in any age group and its aggressiveness increases significantly in older patients. Females are more likely to have thyroid cancer at a ratio of 3:1. Fewer than 1% of all thyroid nodules are malignant (cancerous). A nodule that is cold on scan is more likely to be malignant. However, the majority of these are benign as well. Thyroid cancer does not always cause symptoms; often, the first sign of thyroid cancer is a thyroid nodule. Most thyroid cancers are very curable. In fact, the most common types of thyroid cancer (papillary and follicular thyroid cancer) are the most curable. In younger patients, both papillary and follicular cancers have a more than 97% cure rate if treated appropriately.
    19. Medical Billing Advocates of America, a group that helps patients handle medical bills, and Time Magazine analyzed hundreds of bills from hospitals and revealed many overcharges on a patient’s itemized bill. For example, a Tylenol pill for $15, $53 for per pair of gloves, $8 for a grocery bag (to hold your personal items), $8 for a box of tissues, $53 for per non-sterile pair (sterile are higher), $10 for a plastic cup used to administer medicine, $23 for per alcohol swab, $17.50 for a color mark on the body for surgery, $20 for a blood pressure measurement, $6.25 for a nurse to hand you medicine taken by mouth per instance, and $93.50 for cost of use of overhead light in operating room.
    20. Hospital list prices aren't completely irrelevant; however, as they usually serve as a starting point for negotiations with commercial payers. Hospital charges are essentially their list prices for medical services, which are different from the actual amount of money insurers, patients or the government ends up paying hospitals in exchange for the services. The prices on a hospital's chargemaster bear little relationship to the amount most patients are asked to pay. That's because commercial insurers or government (e.g; Medicare, Medicaid) negotiate discounts with healthcare providers on behalf of their members, and the costs are often less than the actual cost of care. Hospitals' rising list prices primarily affect the uninsured and people with coverage but who seek care at hospitals outside of their insurance network. Many hospitals often allow low-income patients who are uninsured to receive free care or care for a reduced charge.
    21. A man reaching age 65 today can expect to live, on average, until age 84.3. A woman turning age 65 today can expect to live, on average, until age 86.6. Those are just averages; about one out of every four 65-year-olds today will live past age 90, and one out of 10 will live past age 95. - Life Expectancy Calculator.
    22. The top 5 types that cause the most deaths in the United States annually are: tobacco: 480,000 + deaths, alcohol: 26,700 + deaths, perscrpition painkillers: 16,200 + deaths, and heroin: 8,200 + deaths.
    23. Arsenic poisoning is a medical condition that occurs due to elevated levels of arsenic in the body. If exposure occurs over a brief period of time symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, encephalopathy, and watery diarrhea that contains blood. Long-term exposure can result in thickening of the skin, darker skin, abdominal pain, diarrhea, heart disease, and numbness. Arsenic increases the risk of cancer. Exposure is related to skin, lung, liver, and kidney cancer among others.
    24. Gambling addiction triggers the same brain areas as drug and alcohol cravings. Gambling addiction can have a devastating effect not just on patients, but also their families. It can result in people losing their job, and leave families and children homeless. The most commonly reported problematic forms of gambling among the patients were electronic roulette and sports gambling.
    25. On average, life expectancy for the U.S. population in 2015 was 78.8 years, a decrease of 0.1 year from 2014; women can expect to live longer than men -- 81.2 years vs. 76.3 years. From 2014 to 2015, age-adjusted death rates increased for 8 of 10 leading causes of death and decreased for 1. The rate increased 0.9% (over 633,000 deaths in 2015, up from a little more than 614,000 in 2014) for heart disease, 2.7% for chronic lower respiratory diseases, 6.7% for unintentional injuries (over 146,000 in 2015 from slightly more than 136,000 in 2014), 3.0% for stroke, 15.7% for Alzheimer’s disease, 1.9% for diabetes, 1.5% for kidney disease, and 2.3% for suicide (rose to 44,193 from 42,773 in 2014). The rate decreased by 1.7% for cancer (595,000 deaths in 2015). The rate for influenza and pneumonia did not change significantly. Life expectancy at age 65 did not fail in 2015, this indicates that the diseases behind the lower life expectancy occur in middle age or younger; at 65, male Americans can expect to live 18 more years, while women survive an average of 20.6 more years. The US ranks 28th out of 43 OECD countries. The world's highest life expectancy is in Japan, people there live, on average, to 83.7 years, which is followed by Switzerland and Spain on 83.3. The world's lowest life expectancy is in Sierra Leone, at 50.1 years.
    26. Brain tumor or intracranial neoplasm occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain. There are two main types of tumors: malignant or cancerous tumors and benign tumors. Cancerous tumors can be divided into primary tumors that start within the brain, and secondary tumors that have spread from somewhere else, known as brain metastasis tumors. Secondary or metastatic brain tumors are more common than primary brain tumors with about half of metastases coming from lung cancer. A benign tumor is a mass of cells (tumor) that lacks the ability to invade neighboring tissue or metastasize. The brain cancer symptoms may include headaches, seizures, problem with vision, vomiting, and mental changes. Primary brain tumors occur in around 250,000 people a year globally; there are around 689,000 Americans having brain tumor, and approximately 78,000 people are diagnosed annually. Brain tumors have the highest per-patient initial cost of care (around $100,000) for any cancer group.
    27. Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. The most common symptoms are coughing (including coughing up blood), weight loss, shortness of breath, and chest pains. The vast majority (85%) of cases of lung cancer are due to long-term tobacco smoking. More than half of people with lung cancer die within one year of being diagnosed. The lung cancer five-year survival rate (18%) is lower than many other leading cancer types, such as the colon (65%), breast (90%) and prostate (99%). The five-year survival rate for lung cancer is 55% for cases detected when the disease is still localized (within the lungs). However, only 16% of lung cancer cases are diagnosed at an early stage. For distant tumors (spread to other organs) the five-year survival rate is only 4%. Lung cancer occurred in around 1.8 million people globally and resulted in approximate 1.6 million deaths annually. There are around 415,000 Americans living with lung cancer today, and approximately 158,080 die annually. The age-adjusted death rate for lung cancer is higher for men (51.7 per 100,000 persons) than for women (34.7 per 100,000 persons).
    28. Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, or a red scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death among women; around 246,660 American women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year and over 40,000 die annually. Breast cancer in men is rare; however, around 2,600 American men were diagnosed with breast cancer each year and approximately 440 died annually.
    29. Antioxidant found in breast milk can prevent liver disease and cell damage. Antioxidants are commonly found in fruits and vegetables; vitamins C and E, selenium, and carotenoids are all examples of antioxidants.
    30. Around 48,330 Americans were diagnosed with oral cavity or oropharyngeal cancer each year and approximately 9,570 died annually.
    31. Vitamin D helps the body to maintain healthy levels of calcium and phosphates, low levels have now been linked to a risk of bladder cancer.
    32. Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. In most people with Alzheimer’s, symptoms first appear in their mid-60s; more than 5 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease and around 93,500 people died annually (rank #: 6). The time from diagnosis to death varies — as little as 3 or 4 years if the person is older than 80 when diagnosed to as long as 10 or more years if the person is younger.
    33. Smoking is the leading cause of preventable illness, causing more than 480,000 deaths each year in the United States; about 50 years ago, roughly 42 percent of U.S. adults smoked, but as of October 2016 only 15 percent of U.S. adults smoke.
    34. Statins, a class of drugs widely used for lowering cholesterol, help prevent heart attacks and strokes in older people with high blood pressure, and may also slow down the process of human aging.
    35. Certain Statins - also known as cholesterol-lowering medications - could increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes; however, cardiac benefits of taking statins are greater than the increased chance of developing diabetes.
    36. American attempt suicide an estimated 1 million time annually, and women are 3 times more likely to attempt suicide. For every 13 minutes one American dies by suicide, over 40,000 people die by suicide every year. For every woman who dies by suicide, four men die by suicide, but women are 3 times more likely to attempt suicide. 90% of Americans who die by suicide had a diagnosable psychiatric disorder at the time of their death. Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the U.S.; 2nd leading cause of death for ages 10 to 24, and 5th leading cause of death for age 45 to 59. Firearms were the most common method of death by suicide, accounting for 51% of all suicide deaths, followed by suffocation (including hangings) at 25% and poisoning at 17%.
    37. Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. Depression is one of the most common mental disorders that often lead to attempt suicide. 1 out of 6 people in the U.S. succumb to clinical depression during their lifetime. Experiences with major depressive disorder includes depressed moods, decreased energy, trouble concentrating, lost interest in activities, guilt of feelings of hopelessness, sleep disturbances, appetite changes and suicidal thoughts or attempts.
    38. Women who take acetaminophen during pregnancy are more likely to have a hyperactive child. Hyperactive behavior (called attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - ADHD) usually refers to constant activity, being easily distracted, impulsiveness, inability to concentrate, aggressiveness, and similar behaviors. Kids with ADHD have problems paying attention and sitting still in their seats, and they do things without thinking about the results. Hundreds of over-the-counter and prescription medications contain acetaminophen
    39. Women are given a lot of advice during pregnancy, including to take a vitamin D supplement to keep bones and teeth healthy for their babies. There is no strong evidence that pregnant women should receive vitamin D supplementation to prevent low bone mineral content in their children; low vitamin D levels in the mothers do not affect their child’s bone health.
    40. Taking aspirin could increase cancer survival by 20 percent.
    41. Five most common types of cancer that kill men are lung cancer
    42. , stomach cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer, and oesophagus cancer.
    43. Five most common types of cancer that kill women are breast cancer
    44. , lung cancer, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, and cervical cancer; breast, cervical and colorectal cancer can be cured if detected early and treated adequately.
    45. Men who are heavy overweight or obese during late adolescence may be more than twice as likely to develop colorectal cancer by middle age.
    46. The lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer in the U.S. is: about 1 in 21 (4.7%) for men and 1 in 23 (4.4%) for women.
    47. Most colorectal cancers start as growths in the colon or rectum called polyps. But some screening tests allow doctors to find and remove polyps before they turn into cancer.
    48. Human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted infection, is found in about 99% of cervical cancers, and is the second most common type of cancer for women worldwide. By the age 50 approximately 80% of women have been infected with some type of HPV; more than 12,000 women in the United States is diagnosed with cervical cancer each year, and over 4,000 of women die annually.
    49. Prostate cancer is very common for men; more than 240,000 U.S. men is diagnosed with prostate cancer every year, and over 30,000 die a year.
    50. Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites, infected blood and sexual contact. Pregnant women with Zika infection probably give birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes (e.g.; small head). The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes).
    51. A kidney stone is a solid piece of material which is formed in the kidneys from minerals in urine. Kidney stones typically leave the body in the urine stream, and a small stone may pass without causing symptoms, otherwise it leads to pain. About 9% of the U.S. population has a kidney stone, and in 2013 about 15,000 deaths globally because of kidney stone disease.
    52. Cataracts are most commonly due to aging, but may also occur due to trauma, radiation exposure, be present from birth, occur following eye surgery, having diabetes, smoking tobacco, or prolonged exposure to sunlight, and alcohol. About 20 million people globally are blind due to cataracts. Cataract removal/surgery is one of the most common operations performed in the United States. It also is one of the safest and most effective types of surgery. In about 90 percent of cases, people who have cataract surgery have better vision afterward.
    53. Statins may raise risk for nuclear sclerotic cataract, and may also raise risk for type 2 diabetes. The statins affected include: Altoprev (lovastatin extended-release), Crestor (rosuvastatin), Lescol (fluvastatin), Lipitor (atorvastatin), Livalo (pitavastatin), Mevacor (lovastatin), Pravachol (pravastatin), and Zocor (simvastatin). Products containing statins in combination with other drugs include: Advicor (lovastatin/niacin extended-release), Simcor (simvastatin/niacin extended-release), and Vytorin (simvastatin/ezetimibe).
    54. Red meat (beef, pork, or lamb) and processed meat consumption has increased cancer risk. About 34,000 cancer deaths per year worldwide are attributable to diets high in processed meat.
    55. There are 7.6 million people died of cancer annually - 13% of all deaths worldwide. The most common types of cancer that kill men are lung, stomach, liver, colorectal and oesophagus and the most common types of cancer that kill women are breast, lung, stomach, colorectal and cervical.
    56. High consumption of unfiltered coffee (boiled or espresso) has been associated with mild elevations in cholesterol levels, and two or more cups of coffee a day may increase the risk of heart disease.
    57. Benlysta is the only treatment on the market specifically for Lupus, a disease in which the body's immune system attacks healthy issue, including skin, joints, kidneys or the brain. This prescription medicine is expensive; the patient needs to have at least 2 doses a month, each costs $3,330 per dose.
    58. A human body has 206 bones, of which 54 in the hands and 52 in the feet.
    59. Around 500,000 Americans take $50,000 in prescription drugs per year, and more than 100,000 Americans spend more than $100,000 on prescription medicine annually.
    60. Each year about 140 million people are born and around 57 million people die; approximate 108 billion people have ever lived on the Earth and about 7 billion people live today.
    61. The 10 leading causes of death in the world are heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lower respiratory track infections, trachea and bronchus lung cancers, HIV/AIDS, diarrhoeal disease, diabetes, road injury, and hypertensive heart disease.
    62. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which is a newly viral respiratory illness to humans since 2102; people infected with MERS developed severe acute respiratory illness, including fever, cough, and shortness of breath, and many of them have died.
    63. Diagnostic error is the leading cause of medical malpractice claims in the U.S., 5-15% of diagnoses are estimated to have errors with an average of 60,000 deaths annually.
    64. Body temperature varied from person to person, at different times of day and for many other reasons besides illness. It tends to be about one degree higher during the day than in the middle of the night. The normal human body temperature averages 98.6; a temperature above 100.4, regardless of the normal range for an individual, is considered a universal sign of fever and suggests an illness
    65. The heartburn drug Nexium cost $2,526,306,069 for 1,484,011 American Medicare patients, who filled 8,192,362 prescriptions and refills in 2013.
    66. The genegic high blood pressure (hypertension) drug Lisinopril was prescribed and refilled around 37 million times by more than 7 million American Medicare patients at a cost of $307 million in 2013.
    67. People who got up and moved around for at least two minutes every hour had a 33 percent lower risk of dying.
    68. Avoiding tobacco and alcohol, doing physical activity and having a healthy diet, can reduce 30% of cancer and the heart disease.
    69. The standard sleep is defined as 7 hours, 6-8 hours, 7-8 hours, 7-9 hours, and 9 hours of sleep; six hours of sleep or less is considered as a short sleep, and a long sleep is sleeping 9 hours or more. Sleeping outside the standard sleep each night reduces your life expectancy.
    70. Drinking one can (12-ounce) of soda daily may increase the risk of Type 2 diabetes by 22%.
    71. Anticholinergic medications, which include those used for conditions, such as allergies (e.g.; Benadryl), overactive bladder (e.g.; Ditropan), depression (e.g.; doxepin) and insomnia (e.g.; Sominex) may be associated with an increased risk of pneumonia.
    72. Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior. As of 2010 the rate of autism is estimated at about 1–2 per 1,000 people worldwide, and it occurs four to five times more often in boys than girls; about 1.5% of children in the United States (one in 68) are diagnosed with autism as of 2014, a 30% increase from one in 88 in 2012; around 1 in 100 children in the United Kingdom has autism in 2014. There is no cure for autism; about 20 to 30 percent of children with autism develop epilepsy by the time they reach adulthood.
    73. In 2012, 8,165 African Americans died because of HIV/AIDS; among whites and Latino people, 5,426 and 2,586 died, respectively.
    74. In 2011, around 1.2 million people living with HIV/AIDS in the U.S.; of which 491,110 were African Americans (41%) and 408,000 were whites (34%).
    75. Rates of HIV/AIDS are growing fastest among gays, bisexual and black men; as per the CDC, the percentage of HIV/AIDS patients in the U.S. are: 76% Male, 44% Black, 33% White, 24% Female, 19% Hispanic; 53% Male-to-Male Sex, 27% Male-to-Female Sex, and 15% Injection Drug Users.
    76. For the years after HIV/AIDS was first identified in 1984, patients survived an average of only 18 months; now most AIDS patients do not die since the treatment is more advanced in the U.S.; for example, in 2004 it took the average patient nearly three years of daily pill popping to reach undetectable virus levels; in 2013 it only took about three months; as of today, 94% of HIV/AIDS-positive people in the city are aware of their disease, compared with 84% nationwide.
    77. As per, there were over 1.1 million Americans live with HIV/AIDS, but only 84% have been diagnosed, 37% have received regular medical care, and 33% take anti-HIV/AIDS drugs.
    78. The first HIV/AIDS case was reported in the U.S. in 1984, as of 2014 the disease has killed over 650,000 Americans; and at its peak, there were around 50,000 deaths from the AIDS virus per year; now the number is about 15,000.
    79. As of 2014 the U.S. annually spent about $317 billion (which comes from medical expensive and disability payments) on caring for over 9.6 million adults with a serious mental illness.
    80. The U.S. spent a combined $271.1 billion on prescription drugs in 2013, which comes to almost $1 for every $10 the country spends on health care.
    81. Scratching skin creates a mild amount of pain (in the skin), that can interfere with itching — at least temporarily — by getting nerve cells in the spinal cord to carry pain signals to the brain instead of itch signals.
    82. Around 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. But a new study claims that those who have slept with more than 20 women during their lifetime there is a 28% reduction in the risk of having prostate cancer (all types), and a 19% reduction for aggressive types of cancer.
    83. Ebola, a viral disease, is not spread through the air, food, water or indirect contact with an infected person; it is transmitted only through direct contact with the bodily fluids, such as blood, diarrhea and vomit. Ebola's symptoms include fever, severe headache, muscle and stomach pain, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting and unexplained bleeding and bruising; about 50% of people infected with Ebola died.
    84. Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in Central Africa.
    85. Ebola virus disease (EVD), which is a severe, often fatal illness in humans, outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%. EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
    86. Cancers that are most common in children ages 0-14 are acute lymphocytic leukemia (26%), brain and central nervous system (CNS) (21%), neuroblastoma (7%), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (6%).
    87. The most common cancers among adolescents ages 15-19 are Hodgkin lymphoma (15%), thyroid carcinoma (11%), brain and central nervous system (CNS) (10%), and testicular germ cell tumors (8%).
    88. Dr. Robert Jarvik implants a permanent artificial heart, the Jarvik 7, into retired dentist Barney Clark at the University of Utah on December 2, 1982. The heart, powered by an external compressor, keeps Dr. Clark alive for 112 days. The next several implantations of the Jarvik-7 heart were conducted by Humana, a large health care insurance company. The second patient, William J. Schroeder, survived 620 days.
    89. In 1953 Dr. John H. Gibbon (September 29, 1903 – February 5, 1973) an American surgeon, performs the first successful open heart surgery in which the blood is artificially circulated and oxygenated by a heart-lung machine. Dr. Gibbon died in 1973, ironically from a heart attack, while playing tennis.
    90. The Tuberculosis (TB), which is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs, is second only to HIV/AIDS as the greatest killer worldwide due to a single infectious agent. In 2012, 8.6 million people fell ill with TB and 1.3 million died from TB.
    91. One-third of the world's population is currently infected with the Tuberculosis (TB), which is an infectious disease that spreads through the air, but only 5-10% of people infected will become sick with the disease. Of all TB cases India alone accounted for 26%, and China and India combined accounted for 38% worldwide.
    92. People who work rotating shifts have a 42% increased risk for type 2 diabetes.
    93. Lack of sleep can cause memory loss and sleep deprivation could increase the risk of false memory formation.
    94. More than 5 million Americans (3.2 million are women and 1.8 million are men) are living with Alzheimer’s disease, and approximate 500,000 people died each year because of this disease.
    95. Exercise may help to keep the brain robust in people who have an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
    96. A stent is placed in a weak artery to improve blood flow and help prevent the artery from bursting, but it is not better at preventing a heart attack or prolonging survival than lifestyle changes, such as exercising and taking statins to lower cholesterol
    97. Colorectal cancer is the No. 2 killer in the US, reports the CDC, claiming more than 50,000 lives in 2013.
    98. Lung, liver, stomach, colorectal and breast cancers cause the most cancer deaths each year worldwide, accounting for 8.2 million deaths in 2012; about 30% of cancer deaths are due to high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, tobacco use, alcohol use.
    99. The "flu" or the seasonal flu is caused by the influenza virus and causes mostly upper respiratory problems while the "stomach flu" is often caused by a number of viruses and causes gastrointestinal problems, such as diarrhea and vomiting.
    100. Antibiotics don't work for viruses like colds and the flu.
    101. Meningococcal meningitis is a bacterial form of meningitis, a serious infection of the thin lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
    102. Hearing loss is associated with depression among American adults, especially women and those younger than age 70.
    103. High intake of nuts has been linked to a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and death.
    104. Depression is 'a causal risk of coronary heart disease'
    105. Black tea, citrus consumption may lower ovarian cancer risk.
    106. The pregnancy rate for U.S. women is around 102 per 1,000 women aged 15–44. The birth rate for married women was around 70% higher than the rate for unmarried women; the abortion rate for unmarried women was almost five times higher than the rate for married women.
    107. The total U.S. cesarean delivery rate is about 33% of all births. About 60% of cesarean deliveries are primary cesareans (a first cesarean delivery regardless of parity). After a primary cesarean, a woman has only about a 10% chance of a vaginal birth for subsequent deliveries.
    108. About 25% of Asian-American adults have hypertension (i.e.; having blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 millimeters (mm) mercury (Hg)). Of which there is about 5.0% for the 20–39 age group, 26.5% for the 40–59 age group, and 59.6% for the 60 and over age group. There are around 15.4 million Asian people in the U.S., which primarily comprise persons of Chinese, Asian Indian, Korean, Filipino, Vietnamese, and Japanese descent.
    109. Dehydration can cause body weakness. Difficulty focusing on the computer screen, short-term memory problems and trouble with basic math can be caused by a mere 2% drop in body water. At around 5% to 6% water loss, one may become groggy or sleepy, experience headaches or nausea, and may feel tingling in one's limbs (paresthesia). With 10% to 15% fluid loss, muscles may become spastic, skin may shrivel and wrinkle (decreased skin turgor), vision may dim, urination will be greatly reduced and may become painful, and delirium may begin. Losses greater than 15% are usually fatal.
    110. Based on a CDC health survey report, in 2011, 61% of American adults aged 18 and over had excellent or very good health. Eleven percent of adults had been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had heart disease, 24% had been told on two or more visits that they had hypertension, 9% had been told that they had diabetes, and 22% had been told that they had some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia.
    111. The number of people diagnosed with Lyme disease each year in the United States is around 300,000 with 96 percent of reported cases occurring in 13 states, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin.
    112. Heart attacks are about three times more likely to occur in the morning, when blood pressure and platelet activity are typically at their highest levels. Taking a daily aspirin helps thin the blood and prevent platelets from clumping, lowering the likelihood of heart attacks and stroke. However, aspirin users were about 30 percent more likely to have a serious gastrointestinal bleeding event, a side effect of frequent aspirin use.
    113. Dr. Norman Edward Shumway (February 9, 1923 – February 10, 2006) was a pioneer of heart surgery at Stanford University. Norman Shumway is widely regarded as the father of heart transplantation; he successfully transplants a heart into 54-year-old steelworker Mike Kasperak, who survives for 14 days in 1968.
    114. Dr. Bruce Reitz performed the first successful the world's first combined heart and lung transplant in a landmark in 1981 on Mary Gohlke at Stanford Hospital.
    115. The Argus II Retinal Prosthesis System (“Argus II”) is the world’s first approved device intended to restore some functional vision for people suffering from blindness. Argus II is approved for use in the United States and the European Economic Area.
    116. Exercise daily, don't smoke and control your blood pressure can significantly reduce heart attack and stroke.
    117. LDL, known as "bad" cholesterol, should be under 130 for most people; 100 for people at high-risk; under 70 for those at the highest risk, such as those who have just survived a heart attack.
    118. More than 50% of all medicines are prescribed, dispensed or sold inappropriately, and half of all patients fail to take medicines correctly
    119. Sleeping longer is linked to faster decline in cognitive brain function, such as memory and thinking.
    120. Low vitamin D levels may damage the brain.
    121. Too much sleep or too little sleep is linked to leading chronic diseases, such as diabetes, coronary heart disease, obesity and anxiety.
    122. 50% to 75% of people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have sleep problems; some have trouble falling or staying asleep; others wake up feeling less than refreshed or battle drowsiness during the day.
    123. Omega-3 fatty acids may raise prostate cancer risk.
    124. Every 68 seconds, one American develops Alzheimer's disease, which currently affects 5.2 million people.
    125. Statins, which are widely prescribed for lowering cholesterol, often cause muscle pain and joint aches.
    126. Dealing with stress during middle age may increase the risk of developing dementia later in life.
    127. Every year, about 65 million people in the U.S. have high blood pressure. More than 7 million people have had a heart attack. Another 11 million have some other type of cardiovascular disease that impacts their heart and circulatory health.
    128. During sleep, the body produces cytokines, cellular hormones that help fight infections.
    129. About 4% of U.S. adults aged 20 and over used prescription sleep aids. Of which only one in six adults with a diagnosed sleep disorder and one in eight adults with trouble sleeping reported using sleep aids. \
    130. Women, who slept less than six hours a night, were more likely to develop breast cancer and had an increased risk of potentially cancerous colorectal polyps than women who slept longer.
    131. Research shows that most people require seven or eight hours of sleep to function optimally. Failing to get enough sleep night after night can compromise your health and may even shorten your life..
    132. Cholera is an acute diarrhea disease that can kill within hours if left untreated. There are an estimated 3–5 million cholera cases and 100 000–120 000 deaths due to cholera every year.
    133. 285 million people are visually impaired worldwide: 39 million are blind and 246 have low vision.
    134. Avian influenza (AI), commonly called bird flu, is an infectious viral disease of birds. Most avian influenza viruses do not infect humans; however some, such as H5N1, have caused serious infections in people.
    135. Asthma is a chronic disease of the bronchial, the air passages leading to and from the lungs. It is the most common chronic disease among children. Around 235 million people suffer from asthma worldwide.
    136. About 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and two million girls under the age of 15 give birth every year
    137. Until e-cigarettes have been endorsed as safe and effective by national regulators, "consumers should be strongly advised not to use any of these products", WHO advised.
    138. People who exercised daily are less likely to develop lung cancer and colorectal cancers than the least active people.
    139. The top 10 cancer fighting foods are: beans, broccoli and other vegetables, carrots, cayenne peppers and capsaicin, garlic, mushrooms, raspberries, resveratrol, tomatoes, and turmeric.
    140. An estimated 650,000 people worldwide have multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB). A study found that vitamin C can kill multidrug-resistant TB bacteria.
    141. Chronic pain affects more than 116 million Americans; a figure that dwarfs the number of people who suffer from diabetes, coronary heart disease/stroke and cancer combined.
    142. Regular intake of coffee can reduce the risk of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), which is a chronic, or long-term, disease that slowly damages the bile ducts inside and outside the liver.
    143. An estimated 22.3 million American people were living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in 2012.
    144. Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for 7.6 million deaths in 2008. Lung (1.37 million deaths), stomach (736,000 deaths), liver (695,000 deaths), colorectal/colon (608,000 deaths), breast (458 000 deaths), and cervical cancer (275,000 deaths) caused the most cancer deaths.
    145. The radiation from a CT scan can increase a child’s cancer risk.
    146. There are about 20 million new sexually transmitted infections (STIs) each year in the United States.
    147. Antioxidants in coffee, tea may not help prevent dementia, stroke.
    148. Soda addiction can damage teeth.
    149. Mechanically removing a blood clot from a stroke patient’s brain is no more useful than the older treatment of giving an IV dose of a clot-dissolving drug to the body.
    150. The men who did exercise 15 hours or more a week often have a significantly higher sperm concentration than those who worked out less than 5 hours a week.
    151. The men who watched TV over 20 hours a week often have almost half the sperm concentration as the men who did not watch TV.
    152. Obesity and inactivity may account for around 30 percent of major cancers, including cancers of colon, post-menopausal breast, endometrium, kidney, and esophagus.
    153. Lung cancer is caused by tobacco use (cigarette smoking), secondhand smoke, radon, poor diet, alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyle, asbestos exposure, arsenic, and air pollution.
    154. A diet rich in fruits, and possibly veggies, may help lower risk for lung cancer.
    155. Aspirin can prevents heart attacks in people with diabetes.
    156. Taking a baby aspirin or a cholesterol-lowering statin may be good options for people with rheumatoid arthritis.
    157. The death rate for cervical cancer dropped by 70% between 1955 and 1992 as early detection and screening became more prevalent.
    158. More than 4,000 preventable mistakes occur in surgery every year in the U.S.
    159. Snoring and sleep apnea can lead to diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, depression, and premature death.
    160. Secondhand smoke (a mixture of smoke from the lighted end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar and the smoke exhaled by a smoker) causes heart disease and lung cancer in non-smoking adults.
    161. Colon cancer patients may live longer by taking aspirin.
    162. About 50 percent of people, who use a common class of antidepressants were likely to suffer bleeding in or around the brain.
    163. Congestive heart failure, protein deficiency, circulatory problems, fluid in the lungs, kidney disease, lupus, lead poisoning and more can all cause changes to your nails or nail bed. For example, nails that have turned completely white may be a sign of liver disease, and if the skin beneath nails has turned red, it could indicate heart problems.
    164. Low levels of vitamin D have been linked to an array of health problems, including bone fractures, heart disease, and depression. It is also powerless to ward off upper respiratory tract infection -- an umbrella diagnosis that covers colds and flu, as well as sinus infections and other related problems.
    165. Taking daily multivitamin may help prevent cancer in healthy middle-aged men.
    166. People with bad sleep may be more susceptible to Alzheimer's disease.
    167. Lack of quality sleep for adults may increase health risks, including a greater likelihood of having high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, and being overweight or obese; it's recommended that adolescents should have 8.5 to 9.5 hours of sleep a night.
    168. People who snore loudly, have difficulty falling asleep, or often wake up feeling tired may be at increased risk of developing heart disease and other health problems.
    169. Women who begin snoring after becoming pregnant may be at increased risk of developing high blood pressure and cardiovascular problems.
    170. Leukemia, a cancer of the blood cells, not only causes the overproduction of white blood cells, which help your body fight infection, but also reduces red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all parts of your body.
    171. Benzocaine Topical, which is used for relieving itching, can cause a blue discoloration on the skin.
    172. The most common and dangerous cause of blue skin on your face or body is Cyanosis, which causes when the body is not able to put enough oxygen into the circulating blood. The possible diseases include heart defects, lung defects and blood disorders (potential blood cancer), Chromhidrosis and Pseudochromhidrosis.
    173. Anxiety or panic attacks are often accompanied by chest pain, most likely caused by muscle contractions in the chest wall. The common external factors can cause anxiety panic attacks are stress at work/school, stress in a personal relationship (e.g.; marriage, love), stress from an emotional trauma (e.g.; the death of a loved one), financial stress, stress from a serious medical illness, and side effect of medication.
    174. When people, who had a combination of jaw/left hand and chest pain, were brought to a hospital, they often had a EKG, a chest X-ray, an ultrasound test and a CT scan within the first hour; the possibilities the doctors mentioned were terrifying, heart attacks.
    175. Mothers who smoke during pregnancy may increase their baby's risk of asthma.
    176. A diet rich in antioxidants — especially from fruits and vegetables — can reduce the risk of heart attack in women.
    177. Heart disease or lung problems can cause chest pain. Heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), stomach ulcer (burning pain occurs when stomach is empty and feels better when eating food), or gallbladder (pain often gets worse after a meal, especially a fatty meal) can also cause chest pain.
    178. Blood-thinning drugs, such as aspirin and warfarin (Coumadin) or medications such as clopidogrel (Plavix), which reduce your blood's ability to clot, are commonly used in the prevention of strokes; however, these medications can make you bruise more easily.
    179. Plavix (which is used to prevent blood clots after a recent heart attack or stroke) plus aspirin (which is used lower the risk of forming a blood clot in the coronary arteries of the heart or brain) may be a risky combination.
    180. People, who ate 3 ounces of red meat a day — whole or processed — have higher risk of cardiovascular and cancer mortality than those lowered their red meat consumption to no more than 1.5 ounces or less a day.
    181. People who have blood types A, B, or AB have a slightly higher risk of heart diseases compared to those with type O. The increased risk for blood type AB is 20%, type B, 11%, and type A, 8 %.
    182. The population of people having blood type A include 40% of whites, 26% of blacks, 31% of Hispanics and 28% of Asians; type B: 11% of whites, 19% of blacks, 10% of Hispanics and 25% of Asians; type AB: 4% of whites, 4% of blacks, 2% of Hispanics and 7% of Asians; and type O: 45% of whites, 51% of blacks, 57% of Hispanics and 40% of Asians.
    183. Cancer deaths are less common in people taking aspirin daily. Taking high doses of aspirin daily for at least 2 years substantially reduces the risk of colorectal cancer among people at increased risk of the disease.
    184. Cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer, and cancer that begins in the rectum is called rectal cancer. Cancer that starts in either of these organs may also be called colorectal cancer. Each year around 143,000 people in the U.S. are diagnosed with colorectal cancer. It is the fourth most common cancer in men, after skin, prostate, and lung cancer.
    185. If you are watching too much TV, lacking physical activity, unchecking depression, ignoring snoring, ignoring high blood pressure, not regularly cleaning teeth, withdrawing from the world, smoking, drinking (too much) alcohol, overeating, eating (too much) red meat and salty food, and/or avoiding eating fruits and vegetables, you will have cardiovascular disease at some times in your lifetime.
    186. Physical activity, such as walking and cycling, can have substantial health benefits. Physical inactivity causes 1 in 10 deaths worldwide.
    187. High school dropouts have a life expectancy that is 9.2 years shorter than high school graduates.
    188. The longest living cells in the body are brain cells which can live an entire lifetime.
    189. There are 60,000 miles of blood vessels in the human body.
    190. Sixty five percent of those with autism are left handed.
    191. A low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease.
    192. Taking calcium supplements increases the risk of having a heart attack. People who took calcium supplements regularly were 86% more likely to have a heart attack than those who used no supplements.
    193. Men should no longer receive a routine blood test to check for prostate cancer because the test does more harm than good.
    194. The more you exercise, the better your body handles blood sugar and insulin, which results in warding off diabetes.
    195. The top 10 causes of death in high-income countries are Ischaemic heart disease (1.42m deaths in 2008; 15.6%), Stroke and other cerebrovascular disease (0.79m; 8.7%), Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers (0.54m, 5.9%), Alzheimer and other dementias (0.37m, 4.1%), Lower respiratory infections (0.35m, 3.8%), Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (0.32m, 3.5%), Colon and rectum cancers (0.30m, 3.3%), Diabetes mellitus (0.24m, 2.6%), Hypertensive heart disease (0.21m, 2.3%), and Breast cancer (0.17m, 1.9%).
    196. The top 10 causes of death in middle-income countries are Ischaemic heart disease (5.27m deaths in 2008, 13.7%), Stroke and other cerebrovascular disease (4.91m, 12.8%), Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2.79m, 7.2%), Lower respiratory infections (2.07m, 5.4%), Diarrhoeal diseases (1.68m, 4.4%), HIV/AIDS (1.03m, 2.7%), Road traffic accidents (0.94m, 2.4%), Tuberculosis (0.93m, 2.4%), Diabetes mellitus (0.87m, 2.3%), and Hypertensive heart disease (0.83m, 2.2%).
    197. The top 10 causes of death in low-income countries are Lower respiratory infections (1.05m deaths in 2008, 11.3%), Diarrhoeal diseases (0.76m, 8.2%), HIV/AIDS (0.72m, 7.8%), Ischaemic heart disease (0.57m, 6.1%), Malaria (0.48m, 5.2%), Stroke and other cerebrovascular disease (0.45m, 4.9%), Tuberculosis (0.40m, 4.3%), Prematurity and low birth weight (0.30m, 3.2%), Birth asphyxia and birth trauma (0.27m, 2.9%), and Neonatal infections (0.24m, 2.6%).
    198. Globally, there are around 235 million people suffered from asthma, a chronic disease of the the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them. Most asthma-related deaths occur in low- and lower-middle income countries.
    199. Tobacco use is a major cause of many of the world’s top killer diseases – including cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive lung disease and lung cancer. In total, tobacco use is responsible for the death of almost one in 10 adults worldwide.
    200. A routine cardiac imaging stress test should not be performed on asymptomatic patients
    201. Eating chocolate may lower blood pressure and cardiovascular risk, and improve cholesterol and insulin regulation.
    202. Ulcers increase the risk of diabetes.
    203. Inactive people are at increased risk of developing heart disease and Type 2 diabetes.
    204. 1 in 88 American children has some form of autism spectrum disorder.
    205. Stay physically active, adopt a brain-healthy diet, remain socially active, and stay mentally active are the main components to keep a brain healthy.
    206. Cell phone use is tied to changes in brain activity, which may cause brain cancer.
    207. Processed red meat products -- such as hot dogs, bacon, and salami -- increases risk of coronary heart disease and a 20% higher risk of dying.
    208. About 143,000 people in the U.S. were diagnosed with colon and rectal cancer in 2007, the most recent year with data, and 53,000 died of it. It's recommended that for people between age 50 and 75 colonoscopy should be screening once every 10 years, sigmoidoscopy every five years or an annual stool blood test.
    209. Heavy diesel exhaust linked to lung cancer.
    210. Eating a small square of dark chocolate daily can help lower blood pressure for people with hypertension.
    211. The longer a person has diabetes, the more likely they are to have a stroke.
    212. Sleeping pills, such as Lunesta, Ambien, Restoril and Sonata, increased risk of death. Sleep-deprived patients who turn to prescriptions sleeping pills are four times more likely to die earlier than people who don’t use the drugs.
    213. Daily doses of a drug used to treat Parkinson’s disease significantly improved function in severely brain-injured people thought to be beyond the reach of treatment.
    214. Cholesterol-reducing statin drugs, such as such as Lipitor (atorvastatin), Crestor (rosuvastatin), Vytorin (simvastatin/ezetimibe), and Zocor (simvastatin) increased risks of Type 2 diabetes and memory loss for patients who take the medications. However, in addition to lower cholesterol levels, statins may reduce the risk of death for patients who have been hospitalized for influenza.
    215. People who regularly drink coffee have lower risks for liver disease and reduce incidence of liver cancer.
    216. Coffee contained antioxidant compounds called polyphenols, which may help regulate blood sugar and prevent deadly blood clots.
    217. Coffee drinking is associated with a lower risk of depression among women, a lower risk of lethal prostate cancer among men, and a lower risk of stroke among men and women.
    218. Most healthy adults can safely consume up to three eight-ounce cups of coffee (roughly 300 milligrams of caffeine) daily.
    219. Diet soda may benefit the waistline, but people who drink it every day may have a heightened risk of heart attack and stroke.
    220. Taking a dip in a tub of cold water after exercising may prevent muscle soreness.
    221. Consuming soybeans and soy-based products such as tofu benefits cardiovascular health, weight loss and the prevention of certain cancers, and certain components of soy might be linked to stimulating the growth of breast cancer cells
    222. The human feet have 52 bones, which is 25% of all the bones in the body. The foot is an intricate structure containing 26 bones with thirty-three joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles and multiple tendons that hold the structure together and allow it to move in a variety of ways.
    223. Seventy-five percent of Americans will experience foot health problems of varying degrees of severity at one time or another in their lives. Women have four times of foot problems more than men do; lifelong patterns of wearing high heels often are the culprit.
    224. The average healthy person walks 9,000 steps a day, by the age 70 she/he eventually walks about 460,000 miles totally.
    225. Women were more likely to be diagnosed with mental illness than men (23 percent of women versus 16.9 percent of men), and the rate of mental illness was more than twice as likely in young adults (18 to 25) than people older than 50.
    226. Drinking coffee may have a lower risk of diabetes.
    227. If you started troubling memory loss, difficulty completing routine tasks or confusion, such as momentarily forgetting where your office is, missing standing appointments, becoming confused in your field of expertise, regularly forgetting paying bills, or becoming disoriented in a system you had once mastered, you may have Alzheimer’s.
    228. Physical exercise will help the heart pump more blood, send more oxygen and nutrients to the brain, and boost the immune system; these help to prevent illnesses like diabetes, Alzheimer’s, obesity, and heart disease.
    229. Getting 160 minutes of physical exercise each week may increase your overall sleep time by 1.25 hours each night.
    230. Poor general health and depression were linked to sleep disturbances and tiredness.
    231. Exercise more during the day will help you sleep better at night.
    232. Six hours and 30 minutes is the average amount of time that American adults report sleeping each night during the work week.
    233. Regularly sleeping less than six hours a night will likely increase the risk of pre-diabetes and Alzheimer's, and can also lead to other serious health problems, such as obesity, cancer, and heart disease.
    234. During sleep the body renews its immune function, improves the response to insulin, and produces growth hormone, which is essential for healthy muscle and skin tissues.
    235. The brain hormone triggers the body's reaction to stress, and serves as the on-off switch to the body's stress response.
    236. 1 in 10 deaths worldwide is from a smoking-related disease.
    237. In the U.S. 3.3 percent of all births were twins in 2009. About 7 percent of all births for women 40 and older were twins compared with 5 percent of women in their late 30s and 2 percent of women age 24 or younger.
    238. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Scientists identified a type of chimpanzee in West Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans. Although treatments for HIV/AIDS can slow the course of the disease, there is no cure for HIV infection.
    239. There are around 33.4 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS, with 2.7 million new HIV infections per year and 2.0 million annual deaths due to AIDS. Around 60 million people have been infected worldwide since the start of the pandemic in 1981, with some 25 million deaths.
    240. Being diagnosed with HIV does not mean a person will also be diagnosed with AIDS, which is the late stage of HIV infection, when a person’s immune system is severely damaged and has difficulty fighting diseases and certain cancers. The early symptoms and signs of AIDS include night sweats, prolonged fevers, severe weight loss, persistent diarrhea, skin rash, persistent cough, and shortness of breath.
    241. HIV is spread primarily by having unprotected sex with someone who has HIV; having multiple sex partners; sharing needles, syringes, rinse water, or other equipment used to prepare illicit drugs for injection; being born to an infected mother, being “stuck” with an HIV-contaminated needle; receiving blood transfusions, blood products, or organ/tissue transplants that are contaminated with HIV; eating food that has been pre-chewed by an HIV-infected person; being bitten/deeply kissed by a person with HIV; or tattooing or body piercing present a potential risk of HIV transmission.
    242. The human body is 61.8 percent water by weight. Protein accounts for 16.6 percent, fat 14.9 percent, and nitrogen 3.3 percent. The remaining3.4% is for other elements.
    243. There were 35 new drugs approved by the FDA in 2011.
    244. Since the year 2000 more Americans died from overdoses of prescription painkillers than from a combination of heroin and cocaine use.
    245. More than 48 million Americans over age 12 have trouble hearing in one or both ears. Note that 115 decibels (dB) is how loud the average MP3 player is playing music at maximum volume; and listening to an MP3 player at 100db for just 15 minutes can cause hearing loss.
    246. Sex can indeed trigger heart attacks in some people, especially men, the odds of literally succumbing to passion are very low - less than 1% .
    247. 20% reduction of heart-disease risk for those who most frequently got vigorous exercise, such as running, jogging, swimming laps, playing tennis, doing aerobics, or walking six miles or more a week.
    248. There are 7 symptoms that suggest you have kidney damage: swelling (edema), poor appetite, weight loss, weakness, feeling tired, nausea or vomiting, and trouble sleeping.
    249. There are a number of cancer symptoms that men are likely to ignore. These include upset stomach or stomachache; chronic "acid stomach" or feeling full after a small meal; unexplained weight loss; jaundice; wheezing or shortness of breath; chronic cough or chest pain; frequent fevers or infections; difficulty swallowing; chronic heartburn; swelling of facial features; swollen lymph nodes or lumps on the neck; underarm, or groin, excessive bruising or bleeding that doesn't stop; weakness and fatigue; rectal bleeding or blood in stool; bowel problems; difficulty urinating or changes in flow; pain or burning during urination; blood in urine or semen; erection problems; pain, aching, or heaviness in the groin, hips, thighs, or abdomen; testicular swelling or lump; unexplained back pain; scaly or painful nipple or chest, nipple discharge; a sore or skin lump that doesn't heal, becomes crusty, or bleeds easily; and changes in nails.
    250. There are a number of cancer symptoms women are likely to ignore. These include wheezing or shortness of breath; chronic cough or chest pain; swallowing problems or hoarseness; frequent fevers or infections swollen lymph nodes or lumps on the neck, underarm, or groin; bloating or abdominal weight gain -- the "my jeans don't fit" syndrome; feeling full and unable to eat; pelvic or abdominal pain; unusually heavy or painful periods or bleeding between periods; rectal bleeding or blood in stool; upset stomach or stomachache; a red, sore, or swollen breast; nipple changes; excessive bruising or bleeding that doesn't stop; weakness and fatigue; unexplained weight loss; swelling of facial features; a sore or skin lump that doesn't heal, becomes crusty, or bleeds easily; changes in nails; and pain in the back or lower right side.
    251. People who had depression at some point in their lives were about a third more likely to suffer a stroke than those who haven't been depressed.
    252. Lonely people often suffer more fragmented sleep, which causes poor health.
    253. Commonly used dietary supplements, including multivitamins, do not extend the life of older women and may increase their risk of death.
    254. Women who spend a lot of time exercising or eat a heart-healthy diet appear to reach menopause earlier.
    255. Men who regularly take vitamin E supplements eventually have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer.
    256. Forty seven percentage of medications given by doctors to elderly people could be thrown away without any harm to their health.
    257. People who take the highest approved dose of the drug simvastatin to reduce cholesterol levels may have higher risk of dangerous muscle damage.
    258. People who have two or more cups of green tea daily can reduce their cholesterol levels.
    259. Possible causes of brain damage include prolonged hypoxia (shortage of oxygen), poisoning, infection, and neurological illness.
    260. People who ate chocolate more than five times a week had lower risks for any cardiovascular disease and stroke.
    261. In 2010, there were 84,685 surgical procedures among women at the age of 65 and up. Of those, 26,635 were face-lifts; 24,783, cosmetic eyelid operations; 6,469, liposuctions; 5,874, breast reductions; 3,875, forehead lifts; 3,339, breast lifts and 2,414, breast augmentations. And, the oldest one got her breast implants at the age of 83 in July 2011.
    262. In the US, in 2010 there were about 1 billion physician office visits; number of visits per 100 persons is 332.2; percent of visits made to primary care physicians is 55.5%; most frequent principal illness-related reason for visit is cough; and most commonly diagnosed condition is essential hypertension.
    263. If you were admitted to hospital your chances of being subjected to an error (no dying) in your care would be something like 1 in 10. Your chances of dying due to an error in health care would be 1 in 300.
    264. Resuming smoking after recovering from a heart attack can raise the risk of dying as much as five-fold.
    265. In addition to the chest pain, the other surprising signs of an unhealthy heart include neck pain, sexual problems, dizziness, faintness, or shortness of breath, indigestion, nausea, or heartburn, jaw and ear pain.
    266. As of the end of 2010, there were about 10 percent of world’s adults have the diabetes diseases, in which the body is unable to properly use and store glucose (a form of sugar). The disease can cause nerve damage resulting in kidney disease, blindness and amputation. China and India account for 40 percent of people with diabetes, in contrast, 10 percent of the world’s total live in the United States and Russia.
    267. Zocor, a cholesterol drug, may cause serious side effects, such as muscle injury and kidney damage, when taken in high doses (80 mg).
    268. Heavy drinkers are likely to get cancer more than those who drink moderately or not at all.
    269. Heavy drinking may cause brain damage, high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, stroke, heart disease, pancreatic disease and liver disease.
    270. About 20 percent of people who committed suicide were alcohol abusers
    271. Coffee, alcohol, smoking, weather, seasonal allergies, vitamin D, pregnancy, breast-feeding, hormones/contraceptives, and cold/flu link to rheumatoid arthritis.
    272. Alcohol, coffee, and smoking linked to increased high blood pressure (HBP), which linked to heart disease, stroke, and a shorter life expectancy. HBP symptoms that may occur include headache, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, nosebleed, confusion, ear noise or buzzing, and vision changes. However, most of the time, there are no symptoms.
    273. Atorvastatin (Brand name: Lipitor) linked to increased risks of type 2 diabetes.
    274. Over 65% of patients who experience a myocardial infarction (heart attack) during or shortly after non-cardiac surgery do not have ischemic symptoms.
    275. Night sweats is often associated with eye diseases, respiratory disorders, hyperactivity, anxiety, atopic dermatitis, medications, menopause, cancers and infections.
    276. One thrid of Americans are not getting enough vitamin D, which is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps the body absorb calcium.
    277. Heart risk link to big families.
    278. About 1.3 million Americans are affected by rheumatoid arthritis.
    279. Calcium supplements may increase cardiovascular (heart disease) risk.
    280. In the U.S. prostate cancer is a common cancer affecting 17% of men who are older than 65; 3% of old men died because of this disease annually. There are some symptoms of this disease: urinary problems (e.g.; urgency, frequency, hesitancy, pain during urination), difficult in penile erection, painful ejaculation, blood in urine or semen, pelvic discomfort, frequent pain in lower back, belly or hip, swelling in the legs.
    281. Eat properly, drink fluids, consume fresh fruits and vegetables, chose a diet high in fiber and whole grains, avoid too much red, processed meats, avoid smoking, maintain a healthy weight, stay active, exercise and take Aspirin or Non-Steoidals (NSAISs) can lower risk of colon cancers.
    282. 33% of American children (of which 40% of African American and Hispanic) are overweight or obese.
    283. People who are overweight or obese have a higher risk of high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, and other health problems.
    284. Women of child-bearing age that the epilepsy drug Topamax can increase the risk of birth defects around the mouth.
    285. Taking codeine, hydrocodone, or other opioid painkillers shortly before or early in pregnancy increases the risk of congenital heart defects and other birth defects.
    286. Regular use of painkiller ibuprofen may cut the risk of developing Parkinson's disease.
    287. Small doses of aspirin can lower the risk of heart attack, but it doesn't appear to cut the chances of dying from the disease.
    288. Men can develop the breast cancer disease. In the U.S., breast cancer in men accounts for less than 1% of breast cancer cases, and tends to strike men aged 60 and older.
    289. For menopausal women who develop breast cancer, drugs called aromatase inhibitors, which are a class of drugs used in the treatment of breast cancer and ovarian cancer in postmenopausal women, can prevent new or recurring breast cancer.
    290. As of 2/20/2011, more than 110,000 Americans are listed as waiting for organs, including 87,995 for kidneys; 16,108 for liver; 3,209 for heart; 1,802 for lung; 1,398 for pancreas; and 258 for intestine.
    291. 26,213 transplants were performed in the U.S. between January 2010 and November 2010. Average number of days that Americans wait for a transplant is 1,269 for kidney; 319 for liver; 168 for heart; 148 for lung; 260 for pancreas; and 142 for intestine.
    292. Around 88,000 Americans need kidneys each year. However, only about 17,000 get kidneys, and more than 4,600 die because they did not get one in time.
    293. People suffered from mild hypertension, which is a blood pressure reading of no higher than 160/100 mm Hg, took a 81-milligram tablet of aspirin in the evening had a significant reduction in their blood pressure. Those who took the aspirin in the morning had no reduction at all.
    294. People who work more than 11 hours on a daily basis might lead to heart disease.
    295. Heart attack, cardiac arrest and stroke generally often occur in early morning hours (between 5:00 AM and 12:00 PM) when the agreeability of thrombocytes is higher. A daily baby aspirin pill (81 mg), often recommended to lower the risks of heart disease, can also reduce high blood pressure -- but only if it's taken at bedtime.
    296. For people who have recently had a stent implanted in a blocked heart artery, the risk of developing a blood clot may be higher early in the morning than other times of day. Stent patients generally take aspirin plus another anti-clotting medication (e.g.; Plavix) for some time after the procedure -- a year or more if they have drug-coated stents.
    297. Cell phones emit ultra-high-frequency radio waves during calls and data transfers, and this radiation may link to long-term health risks like brain cancer.
    298. People who eat a lot of fiber every day may be less likely to die prematurely from a range of illnesses -- including heart disease, cancer and infection. The protective effect came mainly from cereal fiber in grains, not other sources of fiber such as fruits and vegetables.
    299. People who drank diet soda every day had a 61 percent higher risk of vascular events, including stroke and heart attack, than those who completely eschewed the diet drinks. Diet sodas might be also bad for your head.
    300. In 2009 there were 24.6 million people suffered from Asthma in the U.S.
    301. Having babies close together appears to increase the risk of autism.
    302. Every year around 18,000 American men learn they have prostate cancer.
    303. In the U.S. every year surgeons performed more than a million hip and knee replacements. In 2008, number of joint replacements for knees was 616,617, hips (total): 277,399; hips (partial): 108,491; shoulder (total): 26,178; shoulder (partial): 20,178; hand/finger/wrist: 2,338; and ankle: 1,554. Many patients will need to repair or replace their replacements 10 t0 20 years later.
    304. People who have less than seven to eight hours of sleep can lead to a lower resistance to the common cold.
    305. People who exercise five or more days per week not only have less colds, but have a lower incidence of cold symptoms.
    306. Scientists have developed a blood test that could find a single cancer cell circulating in a person's blood. The test will be used by oncologists as a diagnostic tool aimed at discovering as early as possible if a cancer has spread.
    307. Allergies affect around 50 million people in the U.S. Dust mites cause allergies in about 20 million people, and about 10 million people are allergic by cats.
    308. Women who suffer from both depression and diabetes have a increased risk of heart attacks and a higher chance of dying over a six-year period.
    309. About 1 million people in the U.S. go to the hospital with a heart attack every year; 2 in 3 people survive their heart attacks, and 1 in 5 heart attack survivors develop major depression.
    310. Nervous system disorders, diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure are ones of many physical or medical conditions that contribute to sexual dysfunction and diminish sexual desire.
    311. Around 5.2 million people in the U.S. do not know they have diabetes. African-Americans and Hispanic-Americans are almost twice as likely to get diabetes as non-Hispanic whites.
    312. Patients taking Vioxx (also called rofecoxib) doubled their chances of having blood clots or dying in the first half-year after discontinuing treatment.
    313. People who take cholesterol-lowering statins for at least one to two years appear to be less likely to develop gallstones.
    314. Smoking is clearly the major risk factor for lung cancer. However, about one-quarter of lung cancer cases worldwide are diagnosed in people who have never smoked.
    315. Smoking of marijuana increases risks of lung cancer, weakened immunity system, brain drain and heart diseases. Using pot as medicine instead of real medical care is not smart.
    316. Patients diagnosed with Cowden syndrome face an increased risk for colon cancer.
    317. Heavy drinking hampers youths' memory and learning; and can cause neurological damage.
    318. Woman who had at least one stillbirth or miscarriage will increase the risk of a heart attack by 3.5 times later in her life; and women who had more than 3 miscarriages during their childbearing years will have 9 times as likely to have a heart attack.
    319. People take tricycle antidepressants raise a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
    320. Men with long index fingers have a lower risk of prostate cancer.
    321. Being too skinny or too fat is unhealthy and can shorten life.
    322. Two-thirds of American adults are classified as either overweight or obese, and about one in three Americans develop some type of cancer during their life.
    323. Childhood obesity links to the risk of adult obesity, heart/cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and metabolic disorders.
    324. Secondhand smoke kills more than 600,000 people worldwide every year. The deaths include about 379,000 from heart disease, 165,0000 from lower respiratory infections, 36,900 from asthma, and 21,400 from lung cancer.
    325. Long-term stress may result in increasing risks for both diabetes and depression.
    326. Heart patients taking the popular blood-thinning drug warfarin, which is an anticoagulant, are risking potentially dangerous complications (e.g.; severe bleeding or a blood clot) by combining it with supplements, such as fish oil, coenzyme Q10, glucosamine, chondroitin, and multivitamin.
    327. People who drink as little as a half cup or so of coffee or tea per day may lower brain cancer risk by as much as 34%.
    328. A 2016 study found that the overall rate for stroke was 8% higher in the two days after daylight saving time. Cancer victims were 25% more likely to have a stroke during that time, and people older than 65 were 20% more likely to have a stroke.
    329. Stress symptoms commonly include exhaustion, irritability, muscular tension, inability to concentrate and a variety of physiological reactions, such as sleeplessness, headache and elevated heart rate. Stress is hurting physical and emotional health and contributing to some of the leading causes of death. Today 1 out of every 4 American are dealing with extremely high stress levels. The top 10 stress factors are money, work, economy, family responsibilities, relationships, personal health concerns, housing costs, job stability, health problems affecting the family, and personal safety.
    330. A new report released on November 10, 2010 by the CDC found that around 49.9 million Americans aged 18-64 went at least part of the last twelve months without health care insurance coverage.
    331. Doctors now can detect pre-cancerous growths in the stool for a colon cancer test; this new test can potentially be an alternative to colonoscopies. Colorectal cancer is a treatable disease if caught early.
    332. As of today about 24 million U.S. adults have diabetes, most of them type-2 diabetes linked strongly with poor diet and lack of exercise. Diabetes was the seventh-leading cause of death in the U.S., and is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults under age 75, as well as kidney failure, and leg and foot amputations not caused by injury.
    333. In addition to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes, aspirin can also lower the risk of colon cancer, which is the second most common form of cancer in developed countries after lung cancer. Especially, aspirin benefits people who have the heart disease or high blood pressure, and people who already had a heart attack or a stroke.
    334. The five year survival rate for all cancers combined is approximately 65 percent. Surgery, radiation and chemotherapy are the forms of cancer treatment.
    335. Lung cancer, a serious illness, is the major cause of death in the U.S. Early screening for this disease is not as effective as it is with breast, colon or prostate cancers. It is also more resistant to treatment than some other cancers.
    336. Palliative care, which helps the gravely ill make the most of the time they have left, provided a surprising bonus for terminal lung cancer patients. The patients who started soon after their diagnosis on palliative care along with usual cancer care lived nearly three months longer than people given only standard cancer care. More than half of lung cancer patients have incurable diseases by the time they are diagnosed.
    337. Substituting brown rice for white rice may the lower the risk of type 2 diabetes.
    338. Replacing processed/refined foods with whole-grain foods may help lower blood pressure. High blood pressure can contribute to heart disease, heart attack, stroke, kidney disease and more. A study showed that eating three servings of whole-grain products daily could reduce the risk of coronary artery disease by at least 15% and stroke by 25% or more.
    339. Eggs are bad for your heart. One large egg yolk has about 213 mg of cholesterol. If you are healthy, you should limit one egg a day. If you have cardiovascular disease, diabetes or a high blood cholesterol level, you should limit one egg every 2-day.
    340. Studies have linked chocolate consumption with lower blood pressure, lower levels of bad cholesterol and reduced risk of stroke and heart attack. However, chocolate may increase risk of diabetes.
    341. Pregnant women with epilepsy, particularly those on anti-seizure medications, may have higher rates of cesarean section and heavy bleeding after delivery than other women.
    342. Young people with the kind of irregular heartbeat (known as a trial fibrillation) may be better off undergoing surgery to fix the problem instead of taking medication first.
    343. The controversial diabetes pill Avandia has caused as many as 100,000 heart attacks, strokes, deaths and cases of heart failure in the U.S. European regulators ordered it off the market. FDA announces major restrictions on which patients can get Avandia.
    344. The drug Cisplatin when used with radiation, reduces the likelihood of dead among cervical cancer patients by nearly 25 percent.
    345. Tai chi eased painful joints and other symptoms of fibromyalgia. Tai chi combines meditation with slow, gentle movements, deep breathing and relaxation. It can improve muscle strength, balance, sleep, coordination and fibromyalgia.
    346. Calcium tablets may raise risk of heart attack and are dud a safeguarding the skeleton. Researchers reported that 30 percent more heart attacks occurred in people over age 40 who took calcium pills.
    347. Chlorotoxin, an ingredient in scorpion venom, may shrink brain cancers by helping spread therapeutic genes throughout the brain gene therapy.
    348. Mississippi has some of the country's highest rates of obesity, diabetes, hypertension and infant mortality.
    349. The gel, called Caprisa, contains the aids drug Tenofovir. A two and a half year study showed it reduced HIV infections in women by 39%.
    350. Years of wearing high heels can alter the anatomy of calf muscles and tendons. Women who wore heels had shorter calf muscle fibers than those who didn't wear heels.
    351. Tanning beds are not the only place where you can find harmful UVA radiations; the heat lamp at nail salons may be just as harmful as the tanning bed.
    352. Use of cleaning products may be at higher breast cancer risk.
    353. Nearly every reusable bag is found dirty with amounts of bugs. Coliform bacteria, found from raw-meat or uncooked-food contamination, was half of the bags, and E.coli was found in 12 percent of the bags.
    354. Among American women with advanced degrees, in 2008, 24 percent in their early 40s were childless; in 1994, 31% were. For women with less than a high school diploma, in 2008, 15 percent of that group was childless; in 1994, that figure was 9 percent. In 2008 the number of women without biological children is 1.9 million, compared with 580,000 in 1976.
    355. Obese women have four times as many unplanned pregnancies as healthy-weight women despite having less sex, and obese men are more likely to have sexual diseases despite fewer partners.
    356. The drug tranexamic acid, or TXA, a low-cost drug that helps prevent hemorrhage, may save the lives of as many as 100,000 trauma victims each year.
    357. Drugs, such as Nexium, Prilosec, and Prevacid, that are supposed to treat frequent heartburn could be increasing people's risk of hip, spine, and wrist fractures. These drugs will change the way their body absorbs calcium that leads to less-dense bones, which can increase the risk of fractures.
    358. Cutting sugar intake by 130 calories a day—the amount in one 12-ounce can of regular soda—may help lower blood pressure.
    359. Cutting back on calories from sugary beverages -- by only one serving per day -- accounted for nearly two-and-a-half pounds of lost weight over 18 months.
    360. If you bleach your teeth too often, it can thin the enamel. Your teeth can end up almost translucent.
    361. One of the first signs of diabetes is bleeding gums or bone loss around the teeth.
    362. Diabetes can cause heart disease, kidney failure, limb amputations and blindness
    363. Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce or unable to properly use and store glucose (a form of sugar). It is a major risk factor for heart disease. People who are over 40 and overweight are more likely to develop diabetes.
    364. As of 3/2011 more than 25 million Americans have diabetes (more than 90% have Type 2), but an additional 79 million people have pre-diabetes, in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not as high as in diabetes.
    365. Adults with pre-diabetes who lost 7% of their body weight can reduce their risk of diabetes by 58%
    366. In 2009 diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S. for people aged 25 years and older; 23.6 million people in the U.S. have diabetes; 11.2% of men and 10.2% of women have diabetes.
    367. Black, Hispanics and American Indians have higher rates of diabetes
    368. Eating brown rice can cut diabetes risk.
    369. One in 10 Chinese adults already have diabetes; the finding surpasses other Western nations, including Germany and Canada.
    370. Diabetes is a silent disease. However, there are some symptoms of this disease: weight loss, increased urination, excessive thirst, fatigue and irritability, blurry vision tingling/numbness, hunger, skin problems, slow healing, and/or Candida infections.
    371. Stroke is the number three killer in the US, affecting almost 800,000 people each year. Top risks for a stroke include high-fat diet, being single, being unhappy, being obese, smoking, and being born in the wrong demographic.
    372. Zocor can cause muscle damage as well as severe and potentially lethal kidney damage.
    373. There are three types of muscles in the human body: cardiac, smooth and skeletal. Cardiac muscle makes up the wall of the heart. Smooth muscles make up the walls of the intestine, the uterus, blood vessels, and internal muscles of the eye. Skeletal muscles are attached to the bones; contraction of the skeletal muscles helps limbs and other body parts move.
    374. The hardest working muscle is the heart. It pumps out 2 ounces (71 grams) of blood at every heartbeat. Daily the heart pumps at least 2,500 gallons (9,450 liters) of blood. The heart has the ability to beat over 3 billion times in a person’s life.
    375. Avandia, a controversial diabetes medicine, has been associated with the risk of heart attacks, as well as an increased risk of congestive heart failure, bone fractures and in some cases vision loss.
    376. Breast cancer survivors who take aspirin regularly may be less likely to die or have their cancer return. Aspirin has relatively benign adverse effects compared with cancer chemotherapeutic drugs and may also prevent colon cancer, cardiovascular disease, and stroke.
    377. Breast cancer cases could be avoided if you ate less and exercised more.
    378. Both parents’ ages linked to autism risk. When the father was over 40 and the mother under 30, the increased risk was 59 percent greater than for younger men. By contrast, when the father was over 40 and the mother 30 or older, the risk of autism rose 13 percent.
    379. Fish oil pills may be able to save some young people with signs of mental illness from descending into schizophrenia, which is a severe mental illness that strikes adolescents and young adults. About 2.4 million Americans have the disorder, which is treated with antipsychotic medication.
    380. Lipodystrophy, a syndrome that causes the supporting fatty tissue under the skin to crumble even while the skin continues to grow, often at an alarming rate, makes people look older, such as it makes a girl, 13, look like she's 50.
    381. Eating better, weighing less and exercising more are now being recognized as important components of the fight against cancer. The cancers that are reported to occur less frequently in these people are cancers of the colon, breast, prostate, and possibly the lung, digestive system, thyroid, bladder and the hematopoietic system.
    382. Women who are depressed have an increased risk of abdominal obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and even cancer.
    383. A dad with symptoms of depression was twice as likely to have an infant who cried excessively as was a dad who was not depressed.
    384. Too much TV watching could mean a shorter lifespan. People watching 4 or more hours of TV a day were more likely to die earlier than those who watched less than 2 hours a day.
    385. Drugs commonly used to treat high blood pressure and heart disease may reduce the risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease.
    386. Coffee drinkers may be less likely to be hospitalized for heart rhythm disturbances.
    387. Coffee may have health benefits and may not pose health risks for many people. A number of studies have found that coffee is associated with a reduced risk of diabetes. Having a few more cups of coffee and running that extra mile each day can reduce a man's risk of dying of prostate cancer.
    388. Green tea has been touted for a number of health benefits, such as fighting heart disease and cancer.
    389. Women veterinarians have double the risk of miscarriage
    390. .
    391. Women should not need a mammogram in their 40s, but should get one every two years starting at 50.
    392. High levels of vitamin D in the blood appear to be linked to lower risks of colorectal cancer.
    393. Vitamin D contribute to a strong and healthy heart. A lack of vitamin D may contribute to depression in both men and women. Inadequate vitamin D levels may significantly increase the risk of stroke, heart disease and death.
    394. Lack of sleep causes fat accumulation around organs.
    395. Men with insomnia (i.e.; sleeplessness) who sleep fewer than six hours each night are at an increased risk of dying compared with people who sleep longer. Less sleep has also been linked with hypertension and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
    396. Shorter-than-normal or longer-than-normal sleep was associated with increased risk of developing or dying of coronary heart disease and stroke. Most studies classed the duration of “normal sleep” as 7-8 hours a night.
    397. People, who averaged less than six hours of sleep at night, had an almost 50 per cent increase in the risk of colorectal adenomas compared with individuals sleeping at least seven hours per night.
    398. Having high blood pressure (HBP) and coronary artery disease (CAD) puts you at a greater risk of a heart attack or stroke. You can have HBP for years without knowing it because HBP itself usually has no symptoms. If your blood pressure rises and stays high over time, it can damage your heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of your body. The numbers in a blood pressure reading include Systolic and Diastolic. Systolic (the top number) is the maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart is contracting or squeezing. Diastolic (the bottom number) represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest. The recommended blood pressure goal is below 140/90 mmHg (millimeters of mercury). If your blood pressure is above that level, you may have HBP. The most common of medications to treat HBP in people who have CAD is Beta-blockers, which slow the heart rate, reduce the heart's output of blood, and decrease the force of the heart beat.
    399. Currently, about 4 million Americans suffer from Alzheimer's disease, and about 22,000 people die from Alzheimer's disease every year. - One in 10 people over age 65 and nearly half of people over 85 have Alzheimer's disease.
    400. Low Cholesterol May Help Prevent Cancer- Men with cholesterol levels lower than 200 have a lower risk of developing the the prostate cancer.
    401. Heart disease or cardiovascular disease (CDV), which affects more than 1 in 3 adults, is responsible for 35.3 percent of all deaths in the U.S. Today, the chance of dying in few days immediately after of a heart attack is around 6 percent. CDV deaths declined by 26.4 percent from 1995 to 2005. In 1994, it was about 10 percent. In 1984, it was 19 percent. In the 1960s, it was 30 to 40 percent. The lifetime risk of developing coronary artery disease after age 40 is more than 50 percent for men without symptoms.
    402. Cardiovascular disease (CDV) killed 864,480 American in 2005; 151,000 of CDV deaths were under age 65. 16.8 million Americans had a heath attack or angina; 6.5 million Americans had a stroke; 5.7 million live with heart failure; 309,000 Americans died from sudden heart attack.
    403. About 6 million people each year go to hospitals with chest pain; however, only a small fraction are truly having a heart attack. CT scans are increasingly used to diagnose heart attack, but they put out a lot of radiation, which may raise a person's chances of developing cancer.
    404. Sugar intake linked to heart disease - Just like eating a high-fat diet can increase your levels of triglycerides and high cholesterol, eating sugar can also affect those same lipids.
    405. About 10,000 blood centers in 168 countries report collecting a total of 108 million blood donations globally, of which around 50% is collected in the high-income countries, home to 18% of the world’s population.
    406. One of major factors caused the cardiovascular disease is higher levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. Cholesterol and triglycerides are necessary for our life. While cholesterol is essential for body to work properly, triglycerides provide the fuel needed for body cells to function. Total cholesterol (TC) is an estimated measure bad cholesterol (LDL), good cholesterol (HDL) and triglycerides. TC = LDL + HDL + (Triglycerides/5). Goal: less than 200 mg/DL for TC. LDL, or bad cholesterol, carried cholesterol to tissues in your body. Higher levels of LDL in your blood mean that cholesterol is being stick to your artery walls. The arteries may develop a fatty buildup called atherosclerosis. Goal: less than 100 mg/dL for LDL. HDL, or good cholesterol, carried cholesterol away tissues in your body. Higher levels of HDL in your blood mean that cholesterol is being carried away from artery walls to the liver and then eliminated from the body. Goal: greater than 60 mg/dL for HDL. Triglycerides are another fatty substance in the blood. Higher levels of triglycerides in your blood mean larger thickening of the artery walls, which causes higher risk of stroke, heart attack and heart disease. Goal: less than 150 mg/dL for Triglycerides. Some commonly prescribed medications lowering your cholesterol are: Crestor, Lescol, Lipitor, Pravachol and Zocor.
    407. As per American Heart Association, 1,314,000 angioplasties, in which a plastic catheter is snaked into the blocked artery and a small balloon is inflated, opening the vessel, were done in the United States in 2006. Of these 1,313,000 were percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs).  855,000 men and 459,000 women had angioplasties. 448,000 cardiac revascularizations (also known as coronary artery bypass graft or CABG operations) were done in the United States in 2006. CABG was performed on 323,000 men and 125,000 women. In 2007, American cardiologists performed 721,000 angioplasties. Patients were often given out of the hospital a year of clopidogrel (Plavix) and a life time of stain, ACE inhibitor, beta blockers and aspirin. The cost of a heart attack treatment was about $5,700 in 1977 to $54,400 in 2007.
    408. A new study raises fresh concerns about Zetia and its cousin, Vytorin. Zetia failed to shrink buildups in artery walls, and Zetia users also suffered more heart attacks. Vytorin is a pill that combines Zetia with a statin. It has been proven that neither Vytorin nor Zetia are any better at lowering cholesterol, reducing plaque buildup in the arteries, or prevent heart attacks or death than low grade niacin.
    409. Heart disease is the number one killer of American of all ages while cancer is the number one killer of Americans under 85. 46% of women and 22% of men heart attack survivors will be disabled with heart failure within six years. 435,000 American women have heart attacks annually; 42% die within 1 year; which kill six times as many women as breast cancer.
    410. At least 171 million people worldwide have diabetes. Around 3.2 million deaths every year; six deaths every minute. The top 10 countries, in numbers of sufferers, are India, China, USA, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, Russia, Brazil Italy and Bangladesh.
    411. In 2010, there were about 285 million people visually impaired, of whom 39 million were blind; around 82% of people with blindness are over 50 years old and 90% of visually impaired people live in low- and middle-income countries
    412. Number of people lived longer is increased rapidly. In 1950 there were 14.5 million people lived over 80 years; 101.1 million people in 2009; and there will be 394.7 million people in 2050.
    413. Today, there are over 200,000 centennial (aged over 100) persons. 66 are over 110. The oldest persons in history were Jeanne Calment (1875–1997, 122 years, 164 days), Shigechiyo Izumi (1865–1986, 120 years, 237 days), and Christian Mortensen (1882–1998, 115 years, 252 days).
    414. Walking can prolong life; 2 miles (3.2 km) daily reduce by 50% the risk of dying, and 2.5 times the risk of having cancer and heart disease.
    415. People with lots of close friends and family around will likely live a lot longer than lonesome people.
    416. Women who walked for at least two hours or more each week were less likely to suffer a stroke than those who do not.
    417. Sixty percent of American adults do less than 30 minutes of moderate activity three time a week.
    418. Genes have little effect on Life Expectations. Controlling heart disease risk factors, like smoking, cholesterol, blood pressure and diabetes, pays off in a more vigorous old age and a longer life. And it seems increasingly likely that education plays a major role in health and Life Expectations.
    419. There are 30 different blood types. However, most people have blood types: O, A, B and AB. Type O blood is the most common, it can help other Os and also people with AB, A and B blood types. The next common one is type A, which can help other As and also people with AB blood types. Type B is one of the rarest blood types, it can help people with B, O, A and AB blood types. Type AB is the rarest blood type of 4 common ones, it can help people with AB, O, B and A blood types. The major common blood types in the U.S. include O+: 37.4%; O-: 6.6%; A+: 35.7%; A-: 6.3%; B+ 8.5%; B-: 1.5%; AB+: 3.4% and AB-: 0.6%.
    420. Around 60 million people died by the Spanish flu of 1918-’19; as many as 16 million people may have died in India alone. The Asian flu (H2N2) pandemic of 1957-’58 killed 69,800 people in the US and two million worldwide. Another avian strain (H3N2), known as the Hong Kong flu, killed 33,800 people in the US and 700,000 worldwide in 1968-’69. About 300 people around the world were infected by that strain of avian flu (H5N1, also SARS) in 2003 and more than half of them died. As of July 6, 2009, Novel influenza A (H1N1) has infected 94,512 people and killed 429 in 84 countries, of which, there were 33,902 cases, 170 deaths in the U.S. There are approximately 226,000 people are hospitalized each year due to seasonal influenza and 36,000 died in the U.S. As many as 80 million Americans have been infected with H1N1 swine flu, up to 16,000 have been killed and more than 360,000 hospitalized in the U.S. as of 1/15/2010.
    421. Around 46 million Americans under the age of 65 were without health insurance since 2007.
    422. People who lost their jobs between September 1, 2008 and December 31, 2009 can keep COBRA coverage under their former employer's plan for up to 18 months. The economic-stimulus plan provides a 65% subsidy for COBRA (Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act) premiums for up to 9 months for people who were laid off during this period to find out if you qualify, go to or call 866-444-3272.
    423. If you have no insurance and/or your family has a low income, you and your family are eligible for joining the Partnership for Prescription Assistance (, a coalition of pharmaceutical companies, healthcare providers, and patient advocacy groups that helps patients get free or discounted medications. Typically, as a member you can receive free medications or pays only $4 for a generic thyroid prescription.
    424. If you've ever been hospitalized, do not make any decisions before you have received, and analyzed, all the bills. Once you've determined what you can afford, ask the hospital's credit officer for interest-free payments. If the debt is truly unwieldy, ask for the Medicare rate (not the insurance rate) or a charity write-off.
    425. There were a number of drug companies that paid billions of dollars to the U.S. government to settle their bad practices on drugs, such as providing wrong advertisements, illegally encouraging doctors to prescribe unapproved drugs to patients, and manipulating prices to overcharge state and federal programs. Between 2006 and 2011, over 130 settlements were made, in which the most well-known ones were Glaxo-SmithKline paid $3 billion in 2011, and Pfizer and Eli Lilly paid $2.3 billion and $1.4 billion, respectively, in 2009.
    426. In 2008, an estimated 57 million people died throughout the world. Of 1000 people died, 159 would have come from high-income countries, 677 from middle-income countries and 163 from low-income countries.
    427. In 2008, cardiovascular (schaemic heart) diseases killed 7.3 million people worldwide, of which 6.2 million from stroke or another form of cerebrovascular disease.
    428. Throughout the world in 2008, more than 8 million deaths were among children under five years of age, and 99% of them were in low- and middle-income countries.
    429. There are about 60 million health workers worldwide.

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    174. WHO-Proposed Sugar Recommendation Comes to Less Than a Soda per Day.
    175. Study: Few Stroke Patients Get Clot-Busting Drug.
    176. World Health Org.: Alcohol, Smoking and Obesity Fueling ‘Alarming’ Global Cancer Surge.
    177. WHO: Imminent Global Cancer 'Disaster' Reflects Aging, Lifestyle Factors.
    178. Surgeon General Links Colon Cancer, Diabetes To Smoking.
    179. Nearly 3 Million Americans Living With Hepatitis C.
    180. Most Cancers In Our World Pandemic Are Preventable -- Here's How.
    181. How We Do Harm - A Doctor Breaks Ranks About Being Sick in America.
    182. 10 Places Where Health Insurance Costs the Most.
    183. What You Need to Know About Cerebral Palsy.
    184. Five Mysteries of the Brain.
    185. 10 Drugs That May Cause Memory Loss.
    186. Medicine or Menace? The Marijuana Argument Is Rekindled.
    187. Taking Aspirin at Night May Boost Heart Benefits.
    188. Daily Aspirin Is Not for Everyone.
    189. Coated vs. Uncoated Aspirin.
    190. What Will I Experience During Cataract Surgery?.
    191. When Is It Time for Cataract Surgery?.
    192. Intraocular Lens Implant Reduces Need For Reading Glasses.
    193. Statins Linked to Raised Risk of Cataracts.
    194. Really? During a Heart Attack, Dial 911 and Chew an Aspirin.
    195. Insomnia Could Raise Risk Of Heart Disease And Death In Men.
    196. Risk Calculator for Cholesterol Appears Flawed.
    197. Do You Need to Take Statins to Lower Your Cholesterol Level?
    198. HDL Cholesterol: How to Boost Your 'Good' Cholesterol?
    199. Good vs. Bad Cholesterol.
    200. FDA Warns of Defective Medtronic Devices.
    201. Alzheimer's May Vary, Brain to Brain.
    202. Is an Anticancer Drug Helping Cancer to Spread?.
    203. High Cholesterol Diagnosis Tied to Lower Breast Cancer Risk.
    204. Experts Call for Redefinition of 'Cancer'.
    205. How Does Cancer Grow and Spread?
    206. Keep Colon Cancer At Bay
    207. French Fries Cause Cancer'?
    208. Cancer, Chemo May Lower Alzheimer's Risk, Study Suggests..
    209. Breast Cancer Myths: Separating Fact from Fiction.
    210. Prostate Cancer Treatments Have Varying Side Effects, Study Shows
    211. Scientists Edge Closer Towards First Pancreatitis Treatment
    212. Smokers May Have Increased Risk Of Pancreatitis.
    213. Alzheimer's Tied to Less Cancer, and Vice Versa.
    214. 10 surprising Alzheimer’s Predictors.
    215. Researchers Find Lapses In Hospitals' Policies For Determining Brain Death.
    216. We Know It Can Kill Us: Why People Still Smoke.
    217. An Understanding of Diseases.
    218. Heart Devices 101: Guide to The Tools That Keep You Ticking.
    219. Cancer May Get Help From Immune Cells.
    220. To Treat or Not to Treat Prostate Cancer?
    221. Why Are Black Men Negatively Affected by Prostate Cancer More Than White Men?
    222. Is Lung Cancer Screening Right for You?
    223. Will You Have a Heart Attack? These Tests Might Tell.
    224. Heart Attack Pain Similar for Men and Women.
    225. What Your Cholesterol Number Really Says.
    226. Statin Disaster.
    227. Conflicting Statin Guidelines Leave Millions in 'Gray Zone'.
    228. Strokes On the Rise Among Younger Adults: Study.
    229. 6 Serious Medical Symptoms.
    230. Nanoparticle Lung Vaccine Protects Against HIV, Herpes.
    231. Generic Lipitor Recall
    232. No Link Between Celiac Disease and Autism.
    233. The Truth About Cataracts and Cataract Surgery.
    234. Statins Tied to Cataract Risk.
    235. Deadly Medicine.
    236. Financing Drug Research: What Are the Issues?
    237. The Cost Conundrum.
    238. How American Health Care Killed My Father.
    239. FDA Warns Against Bogus Autism 'Cures'.
    240. Cough Medicine Might Be Too Dangerous for Children Under 4.

    Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    8. 2010: ROBERT G. EDWARDS
    12. 2006: ANDREW Z. FIRE and CRAIG C. MELLO
    14. 2004: RICHARD AXEL and LINDA B BUCK
    19. 1999: GÜNTER BLOBEL
    21. 1997: STANLEY B. PRUSINER
    26. 1992: EDMOND H. FISCHER and EDWIN G. KREBS
    27. 1991: ERWIN NEHER and BERT SAKMANN
    31. 1987: SUSUMU TONEGAWA
    47. 1971: EARL W. JR. SUTHERLAND
    57. 1961: GEORG VON BÉKÉSY
    61. 1957: DANIEL BOVET
    67. 1951: MAX THEILER
    76. 1942: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    77. 1941: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    78. 1940: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    79. 1939: GERHARD DOMAGK
    83. 1935: HANS SPEMANN
    85. 1933: THOMAS HUNT MORGAN
    88. 1930: KARL LANDSTEINER
    93. 1925: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    94. 1924: WILLEM EINTHOVEN
    97. 1921: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    99. 1919: JULES BORDET
    100. 1918: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    101. 1917: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    102. 1916: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    103. 1915: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    104. 1914: ROBERT BÁRÁNY
    106. 1912: ALEXIS CARREL
    107. 1911: ALLVAR GULLSTRAND
    108. 1910: ALBRECHT KOSSEL
    109. 1909: EMIL THEODOR KOCHER
    113. 1905: ROBERT KOCH
    115. 1903: NIELS RYBERG FINSEN
    116. 1902: Sir RONALD ROSS

    Facts on the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

    How Many Hours People Need To Sleep?
    Age Sleep Time (hours) Age Sleep Time (hours)
    1-15 days 16-22 19-30 years 8
    6-23 months 13 31-45 years 7.5
    3-9 years 11 45-50 years 6
    10-13 years 10 50+ years 5.5
    14-18 years 9    

    Life Expectancy at Birth (Years)
    (223 Countries & Territories)
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


    FDA.Gov: Medication Guides - Medication Guides address issues that are specific to particular drugs and drug classes, and they contain FDA-approved information that can help patients avoid serious adverse events.

    Healthcare.Gov - Health reform puts American families and small business owners in control of their own health care.

    World Health Organization (WHO) - WHO, a United Nations organization providing health support to countries, monitoring and assessing health trends.

    FDA.Gov: Recalls, Market Withdrawals, & Safety Alerts - The site provides information gathered from press releases and other public notices about certain recalls of FDA-regulated products. - Healthy People provides science-based, 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans. -, a government Web site that provides health information for individuals and families. -, a government website where you will find information and tools to help you and those you care about stay healthy. -, a government Web site that provides health information for women. -, a government Web site that help girls (ages 10 to 16) learn about health, growing up, and issues they may face. -, a government Web site that provides about healthcare research and quality.

    Harvard School of Public Health - The Harvard School of Public Health has been at the forefront of efforts to benefit the health of populations worldwide. Its landmark discoveries and world-class graduates have saved lives and lifted the burden of disease around the globe. -, an online, healthcare media publishing company, provides the trusted source for online health and medical information for consumers.

    AfterDeployment.Org - An online resource supporting Service Members, their Families, and Veterans, with common post-deployment concerns. The website provides self-care solutions targeting post-traumatic stress, depression, anger, sleep, relationship concerns, and other mental health challenges.

    National Center for Telehealth & Technology - An organization enhances the quality of life for service members, veterans and their families by bringing treatment tools and information as close as their telephones, smart phones, and computers.

    USP.Org - The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) - a non–governmental, official public standards–setting authority for medicines sold in the United States - provides safe harbors for manufacturers of medicines, dietary supplements, and other health care products, helping them to comply with regulatory requirements.

    Medlineplus.Gov - Provides information about diseases, conditions, and wellness issues. These include directories, a medical encyclopedia and a medical dictionary, easy-to-understand tutorials on common conditions, tests, and treatments, health information, extensive information on prescription and nonprescription drugs, health information from the media, and links to thousands of clinical trials.

    FDA.Gov - Provides information about infectious diseases, travel medicine and epidemiology. provides users with credible, reliable health information on data and statistics, diseases and conditions, emergencies and disasters, environmental health, healthy living, injury, violence and safety, life stages and populations, workplace safety and health, travelers' health, and more.

    CDC.Gov - Provides information about drugs. The agency is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.

    Cancer.Gov - Provides information about cancer with respect to the cause, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and the continuing care of cancer patients and the families of cancer patients.

    HealthCare.Gov - Take health care into your own hands, explore insurance coverage options and learn about how the Affordable Care Act impacts you. Find information for individuals, families, senior citizens, people with disabilities, young adults and employers.

    Health Care in America - America's $2.2-trillion-a-year medical complex is enormously wasteful, ill-targeted, inefficient, and unfair. The best medical care is extremely good, but the rest is bad and falling apart. CDC is trying to examine how American health care utilization is changing and what data gaps exist in its understanding of the evolving health care delivery system in America. A proposal ...

    Innerbody - Interactive Human Anatomy - Study the anatomy of the human body is fun. You can understand how the following parts of your body work - Appendix, Bladder, Brain, Gallbladder, Female genitals, Heart, Kidneys, Large intestine, Liver, Lungs, Male genitals, Pancreas, Skin, Spleen, Small intestine, Stomach, Voice box,...

    The New Medicine - Explores the need for medicine to move away from an entrenched culture of drugs and surgery to focus more on prevention and engaging people as active players in their own healthcare - the importance of listening, comforting, and encouraging the body’s own healing abilities.

    StateMaster: Health Statistics Index - Provides a unique health statistical database which allows you to research and compare a multitude of different data on US states.

    NPR: Health & Science - Prognosis Negative Again for Medicare - Better Tests Needed to Control Tuberculosis - Why Kids Curse - Tool Reassesses Osteoporosis Risk - For Spring, an Attempt to Forgo Meat - Stopping Deaths From Incorrect Drug Doses - How to Get a Good Night's Sleep...

    Let's Stop Running Scared - Guess I Should Have My Prostate Checked. Maybe I Need Prozac. Is There A Pill For This?  Aren't You On Lipitor? Uh-Oh, Is This A Heart Attack? I Just Can't Sleep. Time For A Breast Exam? Is That Mole Getting Bigger? Oh, My Knee! What's Pre-Diabetes Anyway? Am I Shrinking?" - " Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer" by Shannon Brownlee. NPR Interview.

    Live Longer, Better Wiser - How To Live To 100 - With advance in medicine, healthier eating habits, less smoking and doing exercises, people have a greater possibility of living longer than at any time in the previous generations. This includes eating a heart-healthy diet, staying connected and current keeps brain working, watching your waist, drinking moderately (e.g.; tea, wine intake, coffee), making friends at work, and more...

    Revolution Health - Information About Health - Provides best-of-breed health information and online tools aimed at helping individuals take control of their well-being.

    What Medical Facts Should People Be Aware Of? - What should people know about minor injuries and about distinguishing things that need professional treatment from things that do not.

    WebMD - Better Information - Better Health - - Provides valuable health information, tools for managing your health, and support to those who seek information.

    Ask The Expert - Questions & Answers About Medicine - Doctors Lounge is one of the most popular online medical resources for physicians, students and allied clinical professionals. It provides clinical information through multimedia tutorials and other study aids. Both patients and professionals can seek answers to medical questions via the public discussion medical forums.

    Ask a Patient - Medicine Ratings and Health Care Opinions - - Provides reports on patient ratings and rankings of pharmaceuticals and prescription drug side effects. Database includes FDA-approved pharmaceuticals.

    Video: From Inside the Operating Room, Cutting Edge Heart Surgery - Watch a replay of a live webcast of mistral-valve repair performed at the Cleveland Clinic on October 2, 2007.

    Health Central - - Provides medical information for patients and caregivers, and fosters a rich community of patients and experts who share their experiences, "real-world" learning and support as they manage their day-to-day lives & health.

    Medifocus - Trusted Medical Information - Provides unique in-depth health information tool that covers various medical issues such as cancer, heart ailments, and chronic childhood conditions.

    NIH - The Steward of Medical & Behavioral Research Center - One of the world's foremost medical research centers in the US.

    Health Care Info Resources - Reliable Resources for Health and Disease - - Provides guide to health information, illness and, wellness, among others.

    Healthopedia - Health Encyclopedia - A goldmine of good medical and health information containing comprehensive, accurate, unbiased, and reliable database of health articles and reference materials.

    Health Sources -  Details on Health Issues and Solutions. - If your body is telling you that you’re not quite right then there are loads of ways for check out. Here are the practical articles for health, illness and wellness.

    Young Scot - Discuss About Drinking, Smoking, Drugs, and Sexual Health. - Health is not all about medicines and illnesses believe it or not. It's more about how you feel about yourself, both physically and mentally.

    NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases - National Resource Center - - Provides patients, health professionals, and the public with an important link to resources and information on metabolic bone diseases.

    Yahoo! Health: Diet & Fitness, Mind & Mood, Longevity, Conditions & Diseases, & Drug Guide - Build a Better Workout - Suppress Your Appetite - Smaller Plates, Smaller Waist - Tobacco and Lung Cancer Study - Natural Birth Control Works - Older People Living Longer - Genetic Link to Schizophrenia - Real Life Nutrition.

    University of York, York, UK - Effective Health Care Bulletins - Effective Health Care is a bulletin for decision makers which examines the effectiveness of a variety of health care interventions.

    HeartSaver -Provides information about cholesterol related diseases such as atherosclerosis and cardiac heart disease, and conducts heart programs focused on Stress, Burnout, Test Anxiety, Weight Reduction, Gateway Program.

    The American Journal of Medicine - "The Green Journal" publishes original clinical research of interest to physicians in internal medicine, both in academia and community-based practice. It is the official journal of The Association of Professors of Medicine, a prestigious group comprised of chairs of departments of internal medicine at more than 125 medical schools across the country.

    American Heart Association - Provides information about healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke.

    American Lung Association - Provides information and resources to prevent lung disease and promote lung health.

    American Cancer Society - Provides information & resources for cancer: breast, colon, prostate, lung and more.

    Wheelchairs, Scooters and Accessories Products - - Provides the widest selection of wheelchairs, scooters and accessories products for people with varying physical needs.

    Safe Home Products - Provides products and information that promote healthier, simpler living. Its products monitor dangers or improve family health, security or quality of life.

    Global Percentages of Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) Attributed to 19 Leading Risk Factors by Income Group.

    Osteopathic Physicians(DOs) vs. Medical Doctors (MDs)
    Sources: American Osteopathic Association & American Medical Association
    Graduates in 2000
    Graduates in 2011
    Growth Rate of Graduates
    Number of Schools in 2000
    Number of Schools in 2013
    Growth Rate of Schools
    Doctors Delivering Primary Care
    Students' Average MCAT Score (2011-2012)
    Students' Average GPA (2011-2012)
    49,200 (60%)
    245,367 (36%)

    Pregnancy and Baby Care
    Baby's Health
    Charting to Conception
    Decide Your Baby's Sex
    Gender Selection
    Hey Baby!
    Know Your Body

    Pregnancy w/o Pounds
    Try Getting Pregnancy?
    Pregnancy Symptoms
    Ovulation Calculator
    Pregnancy Calculator
    Want a Boy? Want a Girl?
    Women's Healthcare Topics
    Baby Place
    Baby World
    Child Development Info
    Dr. Spock
    Healthy Babies
    Newborn Care
    Parents Know

    Parent Hood
    Pregnancy & Baby Care
    Sure Baby
    Today's Parent
    Very Best Baby
    20ish Parents

    Blood Test Results - Normal Range

    Blood Group Combination
    Mother Child Father (Possible) Father (Impossible)
    A O O, A, or B AB
    A A Any Group  
    A B B or AB O or A
    A AB B or AB O or A
    AB AB A, B, or AB O
    B O O, A, or B AB
    B B Any Group  
    B A A or AB O or B
    B AB A or AB O or B
    O O O, A, or B AB
    O A A or AB O or B
    O B B or AB O or A

    Blood Type & Population

    What If Having a Baby When You're Over 40?
    1. Higher Risk of Miscarriage
  • At age 20: 1 in 10 women
  • At age 35: 1 in 5 women
  • At age 40: 1 in 3 women
  • At age 45: 1 in 2 women

  • Non-cancerous tumors called fibroids and endometriosis, the abnormal growth of the lining of a woman's uterus, can lead to a miscarriage.

    2. Higher Risk of any Chromosomal Disorder
  • At age 20: 1 in 526 births
  • At age 30: 1 in 385 births
  • At age 40: 1 in 66 births
  • At age 45: 1 in 21 births

  • Women are born with all the eggs they'll ever have. As a woman ages, her eggs also age. All genetic abnormalities increase as the egg gets older. The eggs are stored in the ovaries, and there is a potential for change over time.

    3. Higher Risk of Down Syndrome
  • At age 25: 1 in 1,250 births
  • At age 30: 1 in 1,000 births
  • At age 35: 1 in 400 births
  • At age 40: 1 in 100 births
  • At age 45: 1 in 30 births
  • At age 50: 1 in 10 births

  • As a woman ages, the risk of delivering a baby with Down syndrome increases. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder often caused by an error in cell division. There are multiple types of Down syndrome, and the exact cause is not known.

    4. Higher Risk of Gestational Diabetes
  • At age 20: 22 in 1,000 women
  • At age 25: 36 in 1,000 women
  • At age 30: 51 in 1,000 women
  • At age 35: 67 in 1,000 women
  • At age 40: 84 in 1,000 women

  • Pregnancy stresses the body, requiring the pancreas to produce more insulin. In older women, having a baby can trigger diabetes during pregnancy. As we get older our pancreas is less able to respond to those stressors.

    5. Higher Risk of Pre-eclampsia
  • At age 20: 38 in 1,000 women
  • At age 25: 37 in 1,000 women
  • At age 30: 36 in 1,000 women
  • At age 35: 39 in 1,000 women
  • At age 40: 48 in 1,000 women

  • Pre-eclampsia is a sometimes deadly condition of pregnancy marked by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. Often when a mother has pre-eclampsia, the baby needs to be delivered prematurely to save the lives of mother and baby. Women as they get into their 40s may also have some hypertension already, and if they do, they have a higher risk of that being exacerbated during pregnancy.

    Morning Fasting Blood Glucose for Diabetics

    Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar (Glucose). Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. Glucose is vital to the human body because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and tissues. Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. When there is too much glucose in blood, it is classified as type 1 diabetes. When blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as type 1 diabetes, it is called type 2 diabetes. After many years, diabetes can cause many serious problems, such as eye problems (which may lead to blind), foot/leg problems (which may be removed), heart attack, stroke, pain, tingling, loss of feeling, nerve damage, which causes digesting food problems, weakness, erection issues, and kidney damage.

  • From 70 to 99 mg/dL, or 3.9 to 5.5. mmol/L
  • From 100 to 125 mg/dL, or 5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L
  • 126 mg/dL or higher, or 7.0 or higher
    Normal - No diabetes

    Understanding of Hypertension
  • Hypertension, or high blood pressure (HBP), has no noticeable symptoms. Having HBP and coronary artery disease (CAD) puts you at a greater risk of a heart attack or stroke. You can have HBP for years without knowing it because HBP itself usually has no symptoms. If your blood pressure rises and stays high over time, it can damage your heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of your body. The numbers in a blood pressure reading include Systolic and Diastolic. Systolic (the top number) is the maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart is contracting or squeezing. Diastolic (the bottom number) represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest. The recommended blood pressure goal is below 140/90 mmHg (millimeters of mercury). If your blood pressure is above that level, you may have HBP. The most common of medications to treat HBP in people who have CAD is Beta-blockers, which slow the heart rate, reduce the heart's output of blood, and decrease the force of the heart beat. There are many different medicines that can be used to treat high blood pressure; these include Alpha blockers, Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, Angiotensin receptor blockers, Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers, Central alpha agonists, Diuretics, Renin inhibitors, including aliskiren (Tekturna), and Vasodilators. There are about 100 prescribed medications for high blood pressure.

  • Top 5 Myths about High Blood Pressure.

  • Less than 120/80
  • 120/80 to 139/89
  • 140/90 to 159/99
  • 160/100 and higher
    Stage 1 - Hypertension
    Stage 2 - Hypertension

    Heart & Arteries Testing

    A. Heart Disease, Stroke & Aneurysm Tests

    1. Stroke/Carotid Artery Ultrasound Test - Carotid ultrasound shows whether a waxy substance called plaque (plak) has built up in your carotid arteries. The buildup of plaque in the carotid arteries is called carotid artery disease. The ultrasound test identifies plaque buildup in the carotid arteries, which is a leading cause of stroke.

    2. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Ultrasound - An aneurysm (AN-u-rism) is a balloon-like bulge in an artery. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your body. The ultrasound  test checks for aneurysms in the abdomen. The danger lies in the risk of the aneurysm bursting or rupturing.

    3. Electrocardiogram (EKG) - An electrocardiogram (e-lek-tro-KAR-de-o-gram), also called an EKG or ECG, is a simple, painless test that records the heart's electrical activity, which may predict pending heart attack.

    4. Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) Test - Peripheral arterial disease (P.A.D.) is a disease in which plaque (plak) builds up in the arteries that carry blood to your head, organs, and limbs. Leg cramps due to poor circulation could indicate something more serious. This screening measures the extremities for peripheral arterial disease.

    5. Harding of the Arteries (ASI) Test - The Arterial Stiffness Index (ASI) measures the flexibility or hardening of the arteries. The stiffer the arteries, the harder the heart has to work and the more long-term damage it will sustain.

    B. Ultrasound of the Heart

    Echocardiogram Ultrasound Test - Echocardiography (EK-o-kar-de-OG-rah-fee), or echo, is a painless test that uses sound waves to create moving pictures of your heart. The pictures show the size and shape of your heart. They also show how well your heart's chambers and valves are working.. This ultrasound test is done to evaluate the valves and chambers of the heart in a noninvasive way and may detect enlargement of the heart, valve abnormalities, blood clots, tumors and more.

    C. Major Heart Tests

    1. Physical Stress Test - Stress test provides information about how your heart works during physical stress. It is used to determine the amount of stress that your heart can manage before developing either an abnormal rhythm or evidence of ischemia (not enough blood flow to the heart muscle).

    2. Nuclear Stress Test (also called as "Cardiolyte" or "Thallium" or "Adenosine") - Nuclear stress test measures blood flow to your heart muscle both at rest and during stress on the heart. It's performed similarly to a routine exercise stress test, but provides images that can show areas of low blood flow through the heart and areas of damaged heart muscle

    Overused Tests & Procedures

    • Repeat colonoscopies within 10 years of a first test
    • Early imaging for most back pain
    • Brain scans for patients who fainted but didn't have seizures
    • Antibiotics for mild- to-moderate sinusitis unless symptoms last for seven or more days or worsen
    • Stress cardiac imaging or advanced non-invasive imaging in the initial evaluation of patients without cardiac symptoms unless high-risk markers are present
    • PAP smears on women younger than 21 or who have had a hysterectomy for a non-cancer disease
    • Advanced imaging or bone scans in patients with early-stage breast or low-grade prostate cancer
    • Bone scan screening for osteoporosis in women younger than 65 or men younger than 70 with no risk factors
    • Routine cancer screening on dialysis patients with limited life expectancies
    • Chemotherapy for sickest cancer patients

    Knowledge & Prevention

    1. Alzheimer's Disease
    2. Alcohol Abuse
    3. Alcoholic Liver Disease
    4. Allergies
    5. Anthrax
    6. Angina & Chest Pain
    7. Anxiety
    8. Arthritis
    9. Asthma
    10. Autism
    11. Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
    12. Back Pain
    13. Bladder Diseases
    14. Blood Diseases
    15. BMI
    16. Bone Tumor
    17. Brain Disease
    18. Brain Tumor
    19. Cancer
    20. Cardiovascular
    21. Chest Pain
    22. Cholera
    23. Cholesterol
    24. Cholesterol: Good vs Bad
    25. Cold
    26. Coma
    27. Contraceptive Guide
    28. Cough
    29. Creatinine Kinase
    30. Creatinine Phosphokinase (CPK)
    31. Depression
    32. Diarrhea
    33. Diabetes
    34. Eye Diseases
    35. Flu
    36. Hand Carpal Tunnel Release/Surgery
    37. Headache
    38. Heart Attack
    39. Heartburn
    40. Heart Disease
    41. Herpes
    42. High Blood Pressure
    43. HIV/AIDS
    44. HIV/AIDS Key Facts
    45. Kidney
    46. Knee Pain
    47. Liver Disease
    48. Fatty Liver Disease
    49. Lung Disease
    50. Malaria
    51. Medical Encyclopedia
    52. Medicine Dictionary
    53. Mental Illness
    54. Mesothelioma
    55. Obesity
    56. Parkinson Disease
    57. Personality
    58. Poisonous Snakes
    59. Schizophrenia
    60. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
    61. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
    62. Smallpox
    63. Stroke
    64. Sleep Disorder
    65. Stress
    66. Substance
    67. Suicide
    68. Toothache
    69. Transplant
    70. Tuberculosis
    71. Tumor
    72. Vision
    73. Vitamins
    74. Zika

    Knowledge of Drugs

    1. How to Dispose of Unused Medicines
    2. Five Tips for New Moms
    3. Biosimilars: More Treatment Options Are on the Way
    4. Pancreatic Cancer: Targeted Treatments Hold Promise
    5. Need Relief From Overactive Bladder Symptoms?
    6. Get Set for a Healthy Winter Season 
    7. Pregnant? Breastfeeding? Better Drug Information Is Coming
    8. Registries Help Inform Medication Use in Pregnancy
    9. Want to Be More Health Savvy?
    10. Have a Baby or Young Child With a Cold? Most Don't Need Medicines
    11. Your Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA
    12. FDA Pharmacists Help Consumers Use Medicines Safely
    13. Generic Drugs Undergo Rigorous FDA Scrutiny
    14. Mixing Medications and Dietary Supplements Can Endanger Your Health
    15. FDA Builds Closer Ties with Mexico
    16. Research Flash: FDA Scientists Study Pediatric Brain Function
    17. FDA Helps Tackle Sickle Cell Disease
    18. Caution: Some Over-the-Counter Medicines May Affect Your Driving
    19. A Decade of Prostate Cancer Progress
    20. Treating Migraines: More Ways to Fight the Pain
    21. FDA: Don’t Leave Childhood Depression Untreated
    22. FDA Explores New Uses for MRI Scans
    23. My Dog Has Cancer: What Do I Need to Know?
    24. Psoriasis Treatments Are Getting More Personalized
    25. WANTED: Consumers to Report Problems
    26. Personalized Medicine and Companion Diagnostics Go Hand-in-Hand
    27. Cord Blood: What You Need to Know
    28. Faster, Easier Cures for Hepatitis C
    29. Did You Know? FDA Supports Research to Reduce Health Disparities
    30. Juvenile Arthritis: New Discoveries Lead to New Treatments
    31. The Lab for These FDA Scientists Is a Computer Screen
    32. Breast Cancer—Men Get It Too
    33. Do Teething Babies Need Medicine on Their Gums? No
    34. Topical Acne Products Can Cause Dangerous Side Effects
    35. Some Bee Pollen Weight Loss Products Are a Dangerous Scam
    36. “My Medicines” ... This Brochure Can be a Lifesaver
    37. Four Medication Safety Tips for Older Adults
    38. Sometimes Drugs and the Liver Don't Mix
    39. Lupus Therapies Continue to Evolve
    40. Skin Cancer Patients Have More Treatment Options
    41. How Long Should You Take Certain Osteoporosis Drugs?
    42. Fighting Allergy Season with Medications
    43. Can an Aspirin a Day Help Prevent a Heart Attack?
    44. Medications for High Blood Pressure
    45. Beware of False or Misleading Claims for Treating Autism
    46. FDA Gives Latinas Tools to Fight Diabetes
    47. Hemophilia Treatments Have Come a Long Way
    48. FDA Broadens Its Vocabulary
    49. Irritable Bowel Syndrome Treatments Aren't One-Size-Fits-All
    50. Fighting Diabetes' Deadly Impact on Minorities
    51. FDA Historians Share Lessons From Agency's Past
    52. Five Tips for a Safer Spring Break
    53. FDA Speeds Innovation in Rare Disease Therapies
    54. Improving Your Odds for Cervical Health
    55. Treating Head Lice
    56. Some Wart Removers are Flammable
    57. FDA Unit Pursues Illegal Web Pharmacies
    58. Use Certain Laxatives with Caution
    59. FDA Taking Closer Look at 'Antibacterial' Soap
    60. Phasing Out Certain Antibiotic Use in Farm Animals
    61. Pain Medicines for Pets: Know the Risks
    62. Teens and Steroids: A Dangerous Combo
    63. FDA Acts to Prevent More Drug Shortages
    64. FDA Helping to Advance Treatments Tailored to You
    65. Island Office Protects Consumers Near and Far
    66. Fentanyl Patch Can Be Deadly to Children
    67. Goal of Label Changes: Better Prescribing, Safer Use of Opioids
    68. Anesthesia: Is it Safe for Young Brains?
    69. Babies Spitting Up—Normal in Most Cases
    70. FDA Warns of Rare Acetaminophen Risk
    71. Beware of Illegally Sold Diabetes Treatments
    72. Use Sunscreen Spray? Avoid Open Flame
    73. FDA Forges Partnerships in Latin America
    74. Keeping Drug Advertising Honest and Balanced
    75. Allergy Meds Could Affect Your Driving
    76. Users of Last CFC Inhalers Must Soon Switch
    77. FDA Helps Women Get Heart Smart
    78. Stay Safe in the Summer Sun
    79. Pregnancy: A Time for Special Caution

    FDA's Medical Watch

    Knowledge of Medical Devices

    1. Colorectal Cancer: What You Should Know
    2. Don't be Misled by "Latex Free" Claims
    3. Laser Toys: Not Always Child's Play
    4. Avoid Fetal "Keepsake" Images, Heartbeat Monitors
    5. More Choices Available for Diabetes Management
    6. Your Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA
    7. Mammography: What You Need to Know
    8. FDA Builds Closer Ties with Mexico
    9. 3D Technologies Poised to Change How Doctors Diagnose Cancers
    10. Treating Migraines: More Ways to Fight the Pain
    11. FDA Explores New Uses for MRI Scans
    12. WANTED: Consumers to Report Problems
    13. Mom, Can I Get Contact Lenses, Please?
    14. Filling in Wrinkles Safely
    15. Personalized Medicine and Companion Diagnostics Go Hand-in-Hand
    16. Did You Know? FDA Supports Research to Reduce Health Disparities
    17. FDA Teams Up for Novel Campaign on Risks of Decorative Contact Lenses
    18. Blood Pressure Monitoring Kiosks Aren't for Everyone
    19. Indoor Tanning Raises Risk of Melanoma: FDA Strengthens Warnings for Sunlamp Products
    20. Always Tired? You May Have Sleep Apnea
    21. Protecting Your Vision: Facts and Fiction
    22. Beware of False or Misleading Claims for Treating Autism
    23. FDA Broadens Its Vocabulary
    24. Fighting Diabetes' Deadly Impact on Minorities
    25. FDA Historians Share Lessons From Agency's Past
    26. Five Tips for a Safer Spring Break
    27. FDA Speeds Innovation in Rare Disease Therapies
    28. Devices in Public Places Restart Hearts
    29. Improving Your Odds for Cervical Health
    30. Some Wart Removers are Flammable
    31. Check Adult Portable Bed Rails Often for Safer Use
    32. Nipple Aspirate Test is No Substitute for Mammogram
    33. Hearing Loss Signals Need for Diagnosis
    34. FDA Helping to Advance Treatments Tailored to You
    35. Decorative Contact Lenses: Is Your Vision Worth It?
    36. Island Office Protects Consumers Near and Far
    37. Keeping Up with Progress in Mobile Medical Apps
    38. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Don't Be Misled
    39. Safety Problems With Your Child's Medical Device?
    40. FDA Forges Partnerships in Latin America
    41. Users of Last CFC Inhalers Must Soon Switch
    42. Clinical Trials Shed Light on Minority Health
    43. FDA Invention Fights Counterfeit Malaria Drugs
    44. FDA Wants YOU (to Get Involved)
    45. Making Health and Health Care Equal for All
    46. Zebrafish Make a Splash in FDA Research
    47. Putting a Patch on Migraines
    48. FDA Team Advances Women's Health
    49. 5 Things to Know About Breast Implants
    50. Report Kids' Problems With Medical Products
    51. Searching Online for 'Hemorrhoids'?
    52. Inked and Regretful: Removing Tattoos
    53. Jonca Bull: FDA Fights Health Disparities
    54. Breast Pumps: Don't Be Misled - Get the Facts
    55. Making Medical Devices Safer at Home
    56. Is Rinsing Your Sinuses Safe?
    57. FDA Continues Dialogue on 'Nano' Regulation
    58. Toothbrush Can Chip Teeth and Cause Choking
    59. FDA Targets Risks From Reused Medical Devices
    60. FDA Targets Gastric Band Weight-Loss Claims
    61. Consumer Update: FDA and Partners Working to Prevent Surgical Fires
    62. Don't Be Fooled By Health Fraud Scams
    63. Improperly Discarded 'Sharps' Can Be Dangerous
    64. How Is Diabetes Treated in Children?
    65. Oct. 20 Webinar - FDA's MedWatch System: How to Report Adverse Events
    66. Do Baby Products Prevent SIDS? FDA Says No
    67. FDA Modernizing Regulatory Science
    68. July 28 Webinar: Home Use of Medical Devices
    69. FDA Proposes Health 'App' Guidelines
    70. Silicone Gel-Filled Breast Implants: Updated Safety Information
    71. Thermogram No Substitute for Mammogram
    72. May 17 Webinar: Foreign Inspections
    73. Dry Mouth? Don't Delay Treatment
    74. Identifying Recalled Products
    75. March 15 Webinar: Tattoos and Permanent Makeup
    76. FDA Advises Women With Breast Implants
    77. 'Lucky 13' Tips for a Safe Halloween
    78. FDA 101: Health Fraud Awareness
    79. Infant Sleep Positioners Pose Suffocation Risk
    80. FDA Cautions Against Using Unapproved IUDs
    81. Infant Overdose Risk With Liquid Vitamin D
    82. Furthers Reach of FDA Consumer Health Information
    83. Indoor Tanning: The Risks of Ultraviolet Rays
    84. Triclosan: What Consumers Should Know

    Professional Associations & Societies
    1. Academy Health
    2. Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy
    3. Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care
    4. Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education
    5. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
    6. Advanced Medical Technology Association
    7. Alliance of Claims Assistance Professionals
    8. Alliance of Community Health Plans
    9. Alliance for Health Reform
    10. Alliance of Independent Academic Medical Centers
    11. America's Blood Centers
    12. American Academy of Medical Administrators
    13. American Academy of Neurology
    14. American Academy of Orthaepedic Surgeons
    15. American Academy of Pediatrics
    16. American Academy of Peridontology
    17. American Academy of Physician Assistants
    18. American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    19. American Academy of Procedural Coders
    20. American Accreditation HealthCare Commission
    21. American Ambulance Association
    22. American Ass'n for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities
    23. American Association for Homecare
    24. American Association of Ambulatory Surgery Centers
    25. American Association of Association Executives
    26. American Association of Blood Banks
    27. American Association of Colleges of Nursing
    28. American Association of Eye and Ear Hospitals
    29. American Association of Community Psychiatrists
    30. American Association of Healthcare Administrative Management
    31. American Association of Healthcare Consultants
    32. American Association of Hospital Dentists
    33. American Association of Integrated Healthcare Delivery Systems
    34. American Association of Medical Assistants
    35. American Medical Billing Association
    36. American Association of Medical Review Officers
    37. American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
    38. American Association of Operating Room Nurses
    39. American Association of Physicists in Medicine
    40. American Association of Poison Control Centers
    41. American Association of Preferred Provider Organizations
    42. American Association of Retired Persons
    43. American Association of Tissue Banks
    44. American Bar Association
    45. American Board of Medical Specialties
    46. American College of Cardiology
    47. American College of Health Care Administrators
    48. American College of Healthcare Architects
    49. American College of Healthcare Executives
    50. American College of Healthcare Information Administrators
    51. American College of Legal Medicine
    52. American College of Medical Quality
    53. American College of Physician Executives
    54. American College of Surgeons/Commission on Cancer
    55. American Dental Association
    56. American Health Care Association
    57. American Healthcare Radiology Administrators
    58. American Health Information Management Association
    59. American Health Planning Association
    60. American Health Quality Association
    61. American Healthcare Radiology Administrators
    62. American Heart Association
    63. American Lung Association
    64. American Managed Behavioral Healthcare Association
    65. American Medical Association
    66. American Medical Directors Association
    67. American Medical Group Association
    68. American Medical Informatics Association
    69. American Medical Rehabilitation Providers Association
    70. American Medical Resources Foundation
    71. American Medical Women's Association
    72. American Nurses Association
    73. American Occupational Therapy Association
    74. American Organization of Nurse Executives
    75. American Osteopathic Association
    76. American Physical Therapy Association
    77. American Podiatric Medical Association
    78. American Psychiatric Association
    79. American Psychiatric Nurses Association
    80. American Psychological Association
    81. American Public Health Association
    82. American School Health Association
    83. American Society for Geriatric Psychiatry
    84. American Society for Healthcare Environmental Services
    85. American Society for Healthcare Food Service
    86. American Society for Quality
    87. American Society for Testing and Materials
    88. American Society of Anesthesiologists
    89. American Society of Healthcare Publication Editors
    90. American Society of Health System Pharmacists
    91. American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
    92. American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
    93. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
    94. American Telemedicine Association
    95. American's Blood Centers
    96. Association for Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs
    97. Association for Ambulatory Behavioral Healthcare
    98. Association for Benchmarking Health Care
    99. Association for Clinicians for the Underserved
    100. Association for Electronic Health Care Transactions
    101. Association for Health Center Affiliated Health Plans
    102. Association for Healthcare Philanthropy
    103. Association for Hispanic Healthcare Executives
    104. Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology
    105. Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation
    106. Association for Worksite Health Promotion
    107. Association of Academic Health Centers
    108. Association of Air Medical Services
    109. Association of American Medical Colleges
    110. Association of Behavioral Healthcare Management
    111. Association of Cancer Executives
    112. Association of Nutrition & Foodservice Professionals
    113. Association of Clinical Research Organizations
    114. Association of Freestanding Radiation Oncology Centers
    115. Association of Healthcare Internal Auditors
    116. Association of Health Care Journalists
    117. Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs
    118. Association of Medical Device Reprocessors
    119. Association of Medical Directors of Information Systems
    120. Association of Operating Room Nurses
    121. Association of Organ Procurement Organizations
    122. Association of Professional Chaplains
    123. Association of Public Health Laboratories
    124. Association of Staff Physician Recruiters
    125. Directors of Health Promotion and Public Health Education
    126. Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
    127. Association of University Programs in Health Administration
    128. Association of Vision Science Librarians
    129. Australian Healthcare & Hospitals Association
    130. Biotechnology Industry Organization
    131. Canadian College of Health Service Executives
    132. Canadian Healthcare Association
    133. Case Management Society of America
    134. Catholic Health Association of the United States
    135. Center for Studying Health System Change
    136. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
    137. Clinical Laboratory Management Association
    138. Coalition for Affordable Quality Healthcare
    139. Coalition for Affordable and Reliable Health Care
    140. Coalition for Healthcare e-Standards
    141. COLA - Commission on Office Laboratory Accreditation)
    142. College of Healthcare Information Management Executives
    143. Commission of Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools
    144. Commission on Accreditation of Ambulance Service
    145. Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities
    146. Common Good [malpractice liability reform]
    147. Consumer Driven Health Care Association
    148. Consumer Healthcare Products Association
    149. Council for Responsible Telemedicine
    150. Council of Ethical Organizations - Health Ethics Trust
    151. Council of Teaching Hospitals and Health Systems
    152. Council of Women's and Infants Specialty Hospitals
    153. Dental Group Management Association
    154. Disease Management Associationof America
    155. EHR Collaborative - [electronic health record standards]
    156. Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
    157. Electronic Healthcare Network Accreditation Commission
    158. Emergency Department Practice Management Association
    159. Emergency Nurses Association
    160. Employee Benefit Research Institute
    161. Employers' Managed Health Care Association
    162. European Healthcare Management Association
    163. Eye Bank Association of America
    164. Federated Ambulatory Surgery Association
    165. Federation of American Hospitals
    166. Federation of State MedicalBoards of the United States
    167. Forum on Privacy and Security in Healthcare
    168. Governance Institute
    169. Healthcare Billing and Management Association
    170. HealthCare Chaplaincy
    171. Health Care Compliance Association
    172. Healthcare Convention and Exhibitors Associations
    173. Healthcare Distribution Management Association
    174. Healthcare EDI Coalition [electronic data, internet]
    175. Health Care Education Association
    176. Healthcare Financial Management Association
    177. Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society
    178. Health Insurance Association of America
    179. Healthcare Leadership Council
    180. Health Care Liability Alliance
    181. Healthcare Manufacturers Marketing Council
    182. Health Care Resource Management Society
    183. Healthcare Roundtable
    184. Health Care Without Harm
    185. Health Industry Business Communications Council
    186. Health Industry Distributors Association
    187. Health Industry Group Purchasing Association
    188. Health Industry Representatives Association
    189. Health Insurance Association of America
    190. Health Level Seven
    191. Health Occupations Students of America
    192. Health Technology Center
    193. Hospice Association of America
    194. Hospital Fire Marshals' Association
    195. Hospital Home Care Association of America
    196. HSA Coalition
    197. Institute of Certified Healthcare Business Consultants
    198. Insurance Information Institute
    199. Integrated Healthcare Association
    200. International Association for Healthcare Security & Safety
    201. International Association for Medical Assistance to Travellers
    202. International Ass'n of Healthcare Central Service Materiel Mgnt
    203. International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care
    204. International Association of Privacy Professionals
    205. International Executive Housekeepers Association
    206. International Foundation of Employee Benefit Plans
    207. International Health Economics Association
    208. International Interior Design Association
    209. International Red Cross
    210. Internet Healthcare Coalition
    211. IPA Association of America
    212. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
    213. Joint Healthcare Information Technology Alliance
    214. Leapfrog Group
    215. Medical Banking Project
    216. Medical Device Manufacturers Association
    217. Medical Fitness Association
    218. Medical Group Management Association
    219. Medical Library Association
    220. Medical Outcomes Trust
    221. Medical Records Institute
    222. Medical Transcription Industry Alliance
    223. Medicare Rights Center
    224. Mobile Healthcare Alliance
    225. National Adult Day Services Association
    226. National Alliance for Caregiving
    227. National Assembly on School-Based Health Care
    228. National Association Medical Staff Services
    229. National Association for Health Care Recruitment
    230. National Association for Healthcare Quality
    231. National Association of Health Services Executives
    232. National Association for Home Care and Hospice
    233. National Association for Medical Direction of Respiratory Care
    234. National Association for Rehabilitation Leadership
    235. National Association for Subacute / Post Acute Care
    236. National Association for Women's Health
    237. National Association of Addiction Treatment Providers
    238. National Association of Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Counselors
    239. National Association of Chain Drug Stores
    240. National Association of Childbearing Centers
    241. National Ass'n of Children's Hospitals & Related Inst
    242. National Association of County and City Health Officials
    243. National Association of Dental Plans
    244. National Ass'n of Directors of Nursing Administration in Long Term Care
    245. National Association of Health Consultants
    246. National Association of Health Data Organizations
    247. National Association of Health Services Executives
    248. National Association of Health Underwriters
    249. National Association of Health Unit Coordinators
    250. National Association of Healthcare Access Management
    251. National Association of Healthcare Transport Management
    252. National Association of Hospital Hospitality Houses
    253. National Association of Insurance Commissioners
    254. National Association of Local Boards of Health
    255. National Association of Long Term Care Hospitals
    256. National Association of Managed Care Regulators
    257. National Association of Medical Staff Services
    258. National Ass'n of Professional Geriatric Care Managers
    259. National Association of Psychiatric Health Systems
    260. National Association of Public Hospitals
    261. National Association of Rural Health Clinics
    262. National Association of Social Workers
    263. National Association of State Medicaid Directors
    264. National Ass'n of State Mental Health Program Directors
    265. National Association of Urban Hospitals
    266. National Board of Medical Examiners
    267. National Business Coalition on Health
    268. National Center for Assisted Living
    269. National Coalition on Health Care
    270. National Commission on Correctional Health Care
    271. National Committee for Quality Assurance
    272. National Comprehensive Cancer Network
    273. National Conference of State Legislatures
    274. National Consortium of Breast Centers
    275. National Consortium of Health Science and Technology Education
    276. Nat'l Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting & Prevention
    277. National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare
    278. National Council for Prescription Drug Programs
    279. National Council of Health Facilities Finance Authorities
    280. National Council of State Boards of Nursing
    281. National Council on Interpreting in Health Care
    282. National Council on Patient Information and Education
    283. National CPA Health Care Advisors Association
    284. National Electronic Billers Alliance
    285. National Quality Forum
    286. National Health Care Anti-Fraud Association
    287. National Health Care for the Homeless Council
    288. National Health Council
    289. National Healthcare Cost and Quality Association
    290. National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization
    291. National Institute for Health Care Management
    292. Certification Board for Sterile Processing and Distribution
    293. National League for Nursing
    294. National Medical Association
    295. National Mental Health Association
    296. National PACE Association
    297. National Rural Health Association
    298. National Spine Network
    299. National Uniform Claim Committee
    300. North American Association for Ambulatory Urgent Care
    301. North American Association of Central Cancer Registries
    302. Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow
    303. Paraprofessional Healthcare Institute
    304. Partnership for Patient Safety
    305. Patient Safety Institute
    306. People's Medical Society
    307. Pharmaceutical Care Management Association
    308. Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers Association
    309. Pharmacy Benefit Management Institute
    310. Physician Hospitals of America
    311. Physician Insurers Association of America
    312. Professional Association of Health Care Office Managers
    313. Public Relations Society of America/Health Academy
    314. Radiology Business Management Association
    315. Scottsdale Institute
    316. Self-Insurance Institute of America
    317. Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America
    318. Society for Radiology Oncology Administrators
    319. Society for Social Work Leadership in Health Care
    320. Society of Chest Pain Centers and Providers
    321. Society of Hospital Medicine
    322. Society of Medical-Dental Management Consultants
    323. Texas Association for Home Care
    324. United Hospital Fund
    325. United Network for Organ Sharing
    326. Universal Health Care Action Network
    327. The Urban Institute
    328. Visiting Nurse Association of America
    329. Volunteer Trustees
    330. Volunteers in Health Care

    Medical Journals and Magazines
    1. AIDS
    2. American Journal of Medicine
    3. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
    4. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
    5. American Journal of Clinical Oncology
    6. American Journal Of Preventative Medicine
    7. American Journal of Physical Anthropology
    8. American Journal Of Hospice And Palliative Medicine
    9. Annals of Oncology
    10. American Journal of Psychiatry
    11. American Journal of Kidney Diseases
    12. American Journal of Public Health
    13. Annals of Surgical Oncology
    14. Annals Of Internal Medicine
    15. Annual Review Of Public Health
    16. American Journal Of Public Health
    17. American Journal of Human Biology
    18. American Naturalist
    19. Anesthesia & Analgesia
    20. Applied & Environmental Microbiology
    21. Animal Behaviour
    22. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
    23. Annals of Medicine
    24. Annals. Entomological Society of America
    25. Annals of Emergency Medicine
    26. Archives of Ophthalmology
    27. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
    28. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
    29. The Auk
    30. BMC Pediatrics
    31. Biochemistry
    32. Biomednet Journals
    33. Breast Cancer Wellness Magazine
    34. British Journal of Surgery
    35. Blood
    36. Bulletin Of The World Health Organization
    37. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
    38. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
    39. Biotechnology & Bioengineering
    40. BMJ: The British Medical Journal
    41. Blood
    42. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society
    43. Botany (formerly the Canadian Journal of Botany)
    44. British Medical Journal
    45. & Cognition
    46. Canadian Journal of Forest Research
    47. Cancer
    48. Cancer
    49. Coping with Cancer
    50. Cancer Fighters Thrive
    51. Cancer Research
    52. Cancer Today Magazine
    53. Cancer Journal for Clinicians
    54. Cell
    55. ,
    56. Chest
    57. Circulation
    58. Clinical Cancer Research
    59. Clinical Cardiology Journal
    60. Clinical Infectious Diseases
    61. Conservation Biology
    62. Critical Care Medicine
    63. Current Biology
    64. Cancer Cytopathology
    65. Development
    66. Diabetes
    67. Drug Safety
    68. Ecology
    69. Elsevier
    70. Epidemiologic Reviews
    71. EMBO Journal
    72. Environmental Research
    73. Evolution
    74. FASEB Journal
    75. Gastroenterology
    76. Genetics
    77. Harvard Health Journal
    78. Health Services Research Journal
    79. Human Gene Therapy
    80. Immunology
    81. Irish Medical Journal
    82. International Journal of Plant Sciences
    83. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
    84. Journal Of Aging And Health
    85. Journal Of Adolescent Health
    86. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
    87. Journal of Anatomy
    88. ,
    89. Journal of Bacteriology
    90. Journal of Biological Chemistry
    91. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    92. Journal of Cell Biology
    93. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
    94. Journal of Ecology
    95. Journal of Experimental Biology
    96. Journal of Experimental Botany
    97. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology
    98. Journal of Experimental Zoology
    99. Journal of Fish Biology
    100. Journal of Herpetology
    101. ,
    102. Journal of Human Evolution
    103. ,
    104. Journal of Immunology
    105. Journal of Mammalogy
    106. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
    107. Journal of Molecular Biology
    108. Journal of Natural History
    109. Journal of Paleontology
    110. Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics
    111. Journal of Plant Research
    112. Journal of Shellfish Research
    113. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
    114. Journal of the American College of Surgeons
    115. Journal of the American Dental Association
    116. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
    117. Journal of the National Cancer Institute
    118. Journal Of The American Medical Association
    119. Journal of Clinical Oncology
    120. Journal of Human Evolution
    121. Journal Of Clinical Investigation
    122. Journal of Global Oncology
    123. Journal of Oncology Practice
    124. Journal of Urology
    125. Journal of Virology
    126. Journal of Zoology
    127. JCO Precision Oncology
    128. JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics
    129. Limnology & Oceanography
    130. Mayo Clinic Proceedings
    131. Medical Care
    132. Medical Journal Of Australia
    133. Molecular & Cellular Biology
    134. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics
    135. Nature
    136. Nature Biotechnology
    137. Nature Genetics
    138. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
    139. Neurology
    140. New England Journal of Medicine
    141. NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine
    142. Nou Magazine: Women Survivors
    143. Nucleic Acids Research
    144. Pancreas
    145. Pediatrics
    146. Plant Ecology
    147. Plant Physiology
    148. Preventative Medicine
    149. Patient Resource Cancer Guide
    150. Physician's Weekly
    151. PNAS: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
    152. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B - Biological Sciences
    153. PubMed
    154. Radiology
    155. Remedy
    156. Science Daily News
    157. Science Magazine
    158. Systematic Botany
    159. The American Journal of Botany
    160. The Journal of Zoology
    161. The American Journal of Physical Anthropology
    162. The Lancet
    163. The Journal of Paleontology
    164. The Physician and Sports Medicine
    165. Virology
    166. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine

    Health Care References

    Allergy Escape
    About Autism
    Autism Secrets
    Cancer Warning Signs Quiz
    Cardiovascular: Info on Treatments
    Cardiac Rehabilitation Guide
    Case Management
    CDC A-Z Index
    Colds & Influenza: Difference
    Communicable Disease Quick Facts
    Consumers & Patients
    Facts About Diabetes
    New Way To Treat Brain Aneurysms
    Family Doctor
    H1N1 Swine Flu - Video
    Hardin MD: Medical Information
    Health Cite
    Health Info
    Health News
    Heart & Nuts
    Human Blood Types
    Internal Medicine
    Kidney Patient Guide
    Librarians' Internet Index Health
    Medical Dictionary
    Women's Health Advisor Index
    Medical News & Discussion
    Medicine Meaning and Definition
    NIH: Health Information
    Pure Intimacy: Recovering
    SARS - An Overview
    Sexually Transmitted Disease Quiz
    Surgeon General
    Vitamin C vs. Heart Disease
    Vitamin E vs. Heart Disease
    UMich: Health Information
    USA Today: Health Index
    Alternative Medicine
    Alzheimer's Facing the Facts
    Answer Medicine
    Alternative Medicine: Treatments
    Common Cold Quiz
    Computer Addiction
    Coping With Premenstrual Syndrome
    Cyber Addiction
    Deal on Health Insurance
    Depression Quiz
    Diet and Fitness
    Dieting Plans
    Disease Cards
    Diseases Explained
    Diseases Symptoms References
    Doctor: Find & Read Doctor Reviews
    Drug May Cause Chest Pain
    Eating Red Meat vs Death Risk
    Flash Med Review
    Flu Symptoms
    Health Care Quality
    Health Care Research
    Health Encyclopedia
    Health Information and Treatment
    Health News - Medical Treatment
    HIV Inside
    High Blood Pressure/Hypertension
    Mad Cow Disease
    MedScape: Health News and Journals
    Medical Index
    Medicine Net
    Natural Health Network
    Recalls, Withdrawals and Safety
    Vitamin C & Vascular Disease
    Vitamin E & Heart: Conflicting Study
    Understanding of Cancer Types
    WHO: Health Care
    Women and Heart Disease

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    What to check when you reach:

    a. 20s to 30s:
    b. 40s:
    c. 50s:
    d. 60s:
    Top Causes of Death in 2012 Worldwide
    • Heart Disease: 7,400,000
    • Stroke (Cerebrovascular Diseases): 6,700,000
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): 3,100,000
    • Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases: 3,100,000
    • Lung Cancer: 1,600,000
    • HIV/IADS: 1,500,000
    • Diarrhaoeal Disease: 1,500,000
    • Diabetes: 1,500,000
    • Road Injury: 1,300,000
    • Hypertensive Heart Disease: 1,100,000
    Warning Signs of Ulcerative Colitis
    Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the colon (large intestine), that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores. The main symptom of active disease is usually constant diarrhea mixed with blood, of gradual onset. The signs of cancer may include:
    • Cramping and Abdominal Pain;
    • Bloody Stool;
    • Urgency;
    • Sleep Interruption;
    • Weight Loss;
    • Dehydration;
    • Frequency of Symptoms.
    These signs can be caused by ulcerative colitis or by other problems. It's important to see a doctor if any of these symptoms occurs frequently. Don't wait for symptoms to become painful.
    Cancer Prevention and Control
    Warning Signs of Cancer
    There are more than 100 different types of cancer, but they all are a group of diseases of body's cells. When normal cells lose their ability to limit and grow disorderly, their tissues will be produced too much and tumors begin to form. Tumors can be either benign or malignant. Benign tumors are not cancer; malignant tumors are cancer. The signs of cancer may include:
    • Change in bladder or bowel habits;
    • A sore that does not heal;
    • Unusual bleeding;
    • Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere;
    • Indigestion or difficulty swallowing;
    • Obvious change in a mole or wart;
    • Nagging cough or hoarseness.
    These signs can be caused by cancer or by other problems. It's important to see a doctor if any of these symptoms lasts over 15 days. Don't wait for symptoms to become painful; pain is not an early sign of cancer.
    Number of the death of cancer in 2015 (Worldwide)
    Number of the death in 2012 (U.S.)
    • Oral cavity & pharynx: 40,250
    • Digestive system: 284,680
    • Respiratory system: 244,180
    • Bones & joints: 2,890
    • Soft tissue (including heart): 11,280
    • Skin: 81,240
    • Breast: 229,060
    • Genital system: 340,650
    • Urinary system: 141,140
    • Eye & orbit: 2,610
    • Brain & other nervous system: 22,910
    • Endocrine system: 58,980
    • Lymphoma: 79,190
    • Myeloma: 21,700
    • Leukemia: 47,150
    • Others: 31,000
    Number of the death  in 2011 (U.S.)
    • Oral cavity & pharynx: 39,400
    • Digestive system: 277,570
    • Respiratory system: 239,320
    • Bones & joints: 2,810
    • Soft tissue (including heart): 10,980
    • Skin: 76,330
    • Breast: 232,620
    • Genital system: 338,620
    • Urinary system: 132,900
    • Eye & orbit: 2,570
    • Brain & other nervous system: 22,340
    • Endocrine system: 50,400
    • Lymphoma: 75,190
    • Myeloma: 20,520
    • Leukemia: 44,600
    • Others: 30,500
    Number of the death of cancer in 2008 (U.S.)
    Top Causes of Death in the U.S.
    • Heart disease: 616,067
    • Cancer: 562,875
    • Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 135,952
    • Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 127,924
    • Accidents (unintentional injuries): 123,706
    • Alzheimer's disease: 74,632
    • Diabetes: 71,382
    • Influenza and Pneumonia: 52,717
    • Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis: 46,448
    • Septicemia: 34,828
    Heart Disease
    The coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. According to the CDC,
    • About 600,000 people die of heart disease in the United States every year–that’s 1 in every 4 deaths.
    • Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. More than half of the deaths due to heart disease in 2009 were in men.
    • Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease, killing more than 385,000 people annually.
    • Every year about 715,000 Americans have a heart attack. Of these, 525,000 are a first heart attack and 190,000 happen in people who have already had a heart attack.
    • Coronary heart disease alone costs the United States $108.9 billion each year. This total includes the cost of health care services, medications, and lost productivity.
    • About 47% of sudden cardiac deaths occur outside a hospital.
    High blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol, and smoking are key risk factors for heart disease. About half of Americans (49%) have at least one of these three risk factors. Several other medical conditions and lifestyle choices can also put people at a higher risk for heart disease, including: diabetes, overweight and obesity, poor diet, physical inactivity, and excessive alcohol use.
    Heart Attack
    Heart Attack Warning Signs:
    • Lightheadedness and shortness of breath without or without chest discomfort.
    • Discomfort in other areas of the body; symptoms can include pain, numbness, tingling or discomfort in one or both arms (especially the left one), jaw, neck, stomach, back, nausea and/or vomiting. (Women are more likely than men to have neck and shoulder pain along with other symptoms).
    • Chest discomfort or pain that is crushing or squeezing in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or squeezing or feels like a heavy weight on the chest, or this goes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.
    • Fact action can save lives; don't wait more than five minutes to call 911.
    Symptoms of Lupus
    Lupus Warning Signs:
    Human Body Facts

    • The human brain cell can hold information as much as 400 terabytes.
    • Brain nerve impulses travel as fast as 170 miles per hour.
    • The brain operates at a power of 10-watt light bulb.
    • Hundreds of billions of neurons carry electrical signals that control the body from the brain and the spinal cord.
    • The brain is much more active at night than during the day.
    • The more you dream, the higher your I.Q.
    • Most dreams were only stored 2-3 seconds in the brain.
    • The colder when you sleep, the better chances you have bad dreams.
    • 80% of the brain is water.
    • About 75% of human waste is made of water.
    • The average bladder holds about 400-800 cc of fluid.
    • The left lung is smaller than the right lung.
    • A sneeze can exceed the speed of 100 miles per hour (mph).
    • A cough releases an explosive charge of air that moves at speeds up to 60 mph.
    • Only one person in two billion will live to be 116 or older.
    • The human heart has enough pressure to squirt blood 30 feet high.
    • The heart beats more than 2.5 billion times in an average lifetime.
    • Most women’s hearts beat faster than men’s.
    • More than 20% of heart attacks occurred on Monday.
    • The acid in your stomach is strong enough to dissolve a pen.
    • Liver can perform 500 different functions.
    • The small intestine in a human body can range between 18 and 23 feet long.
    • The large intestine is, on average, 5 feet shorter than the small intestine.
    • Earwax production is necessary for good ear health.
    • Your ears produce more earwax when you are afraid.
    • The average human head has about 100,000 hairs.
    • About one third of the human eyes have 20-20 vision.
    • As humans grow older, the lens in the eye grows thicker.
    • Your nose can recognize up to 50,000 different scents.
    • There are about 9,000 taste buds on the surface of the tongue, in the throat, and on the roof of the mouth.
    • The longest recorded time for a person without sleeping is 264 hours (11 days).
    • An average human drinks about 16,000 gallons of water in a lifetime.
    • Stress is the main factor caused most diseases.
    • Depression, high blood pressure and heart disease are common diseases caused by stress.
    • Babies are born with 300 bones, but by adulthood the number is reduced to 206.
    • The average person takes 8,000 to 10,000 steps a day.
    • The human body has more than 600 individual skeletal muscles, 40% of the body's weight.
    • At the age of 60, 60% of men and 40% of women will snore.
    • The noise level of normal speech is 60 decibels.
    • Normal snores average is equivalent to the noise level of normal speech.
    • We are about 1 cm taller in the morning than in the evening.
    • The hardest bone in the human body is the jawbone.
    • The feet account for one quarter of all the human body’s bones.
    • Humans shed and regrow outer skin cells about every 27 days.
    • Three hundred million cells die in the human body every minute.
    • People living in high altitudes have more red blood cells than people living at sea level.
    • Men have 1.5 gallons of blood as compared to 0.875 gallons for women.
    • An adult human body produces 300 billion new cells daily.
    • An adult human body contains approximately 100 trillion cells.
    • An adult human body carries about 25 trillion red blood cells, which make up about 45% of blood's volume.
    • Every hour, about 180 million newly formed red blood cells enter the bloodstream.
    • White blood cells, or leukocytes, make up about 1% of blood. This number is increased rapidly when a body responds to infection.
    • The most common blood type in the world is Type O, which can be given to people with type A and type B blood.
    • Two rarest blood types are AB and A-H. So far, the A-HA has been only found in less than 20 people.
    • Human blood races through arteries at 3 feet or 90 centimeters per second.
    • Humans are the only animals to produce emotional tears.
    • Right-handed people live, on average, 9 years longer than left-handed people do.
    • Humans are the only animals to produce emotional tears.
    • About 4% of the world’s population having sex on any given day.
    • The average duration of sexual intercourse for humans is 2 minutes.

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