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  1. Many countries have requested the Israeli government to stop indiscriminate killing of Palestinians after Israel’s bombardment and offensive in Gaza since the Oct. 7 attack. Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva said that “what is happening in the Gaza Strip and to the Palestinian people hasn’t been seen in any other moment in history. Actually, it did when Hitler decided to kill the Jews.”. Lula has previously said Israel is carrying out a genocide in Gaza and has supported South Africa’s case accusing Israel of genocide at the U.N.’s International Court of Justice. Colombia and Turkey have cut ties with Israel. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said his country imposed a trade ban on Israel and suspended all imports and exports to Israel because it could no longer “stand by and watch” the violence in Gaza. Bolivia severed all diplomatic ties with Israel, and Chile, Colombia, Brazil, Jordan, Bahrain, Honduras, Turkey, Chad, South Africa, and Belize had withdrawn all their diplomats in Tel Aviv, and recalled their ambassadors to Israel over their disappointment by the refusal of the Israeli government to respect international law and the United Nations resolutions with impunity. Israel has violated 28 resolutions of the United Nations Security Council (which are legally binding on member-nations U.N.). Before the Oct 7, 2023, attack, 30 United Nations member states do not maintain diplomatic relations with Israel.
  2. Since 7 June 1967, Israel, a country established in 1948, has captured and occupied the Palestinian land, which covers the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip. Israel has been accused of major violations of international human rights law, including collective punishment, some amounting to war crimes and crimes against humanity, in its administration of the occupied Palestinian territories. These include illegal or random killings, random or unwarranted detention, punishment of family members for alleged offenses by a relative, targeted killings of Palestinians, and labor rights abuses against Palestinian workers. As a result of the Israel-Palestine conflict, on Oct. 7, 2023 Israeli authorities said 1,139 Israelis and foreign nationals, including 764 civilians, were killed, and 248 persons were taken hostage (not all are still alive) when Hamas militants burst across the border into southern Israel. It is important to also recognize the attacks by Hamas did not happen in a vacuum. Since the Oct. 7 attack, Israel’s bombardment and offensive in Gaza has killed more than 35,000 Palestinians (as of 5/12/2024) without mercy, including over 14,500 children and 13,000 women, with more than 78,500 injured and over 1,000 missing.
  3. After Hamas’s 7 October attack on Israel, Israeli military has carried out a large Israeli ground incursion into the Gaza Strip and tightened a years-long blockade to halt entry of most food, water and medical supplies to Gaza; as of April 2024, over 80% of Gaza’s people have been displaced, and Gaza has plunged into a humanitarian crisis with shortages of food, a quarter face starvation, and medical services. Especially, in the February 1, 2024 incident, Israeli military directly fired at civilians crowded around aid lorries of the south-western edge of Gaza city, asking for food, 112 people were killed and more than 760 injured by Israel; the White House called the deaths “tremendously alarming”, and people around the world were shocked by this crime against humanity incident. In the April 1, 2024 incident, 7 aid workers from the food aid charity World Central Kitchen were terribly killed in Gaza by Israeli military, this puts the death toll among humanitarian aid workers at over 200.
  4. The Biden administration said  that it is “reasonable to assess” that Israeli forces used US weapons in Gaza in ways that are “inconsistent” with international humanitarian law. Biden administration officials have for months called on Israel to stop killing civilians and allow more aid into Gaza. There is an increasing friction between Israel and the United States; the U.S. President, Biden, called Israel’s military operations in Gaza “over the top" and said the suffering of innocent people has “got to stop.” There were “missteps” by the Biden administration and expressed regret that the administration may have left a “a very damaging impression” early in the war.
  5. The corruption index for Asian countries (higher score -> lower corruption):

  6. 2022

  7. In Afghanistan women and girls are being deprived of their dignity, rights and status at home and in the society. The Taliban has enforced punitive laws restricting women's lives, and the government has been institutionalizing large-scale and systematic gender-based discrimination and violence against women and girls and limiting their education and rights. Women have no rights to movement, no rights to education, and no rights to work. Women must cover their faces in public, and they are not allowed to go to parks and gyms; the government issued orders for girls aged 12-18 to stay home, and prohibited them to go to high school.
  9. In today's Hong Kong, people can be arrested for publishing children's books. The Hong Kong government has found five people guilty of publishing children's books telling about a village of sheep trying to fight back against a group of wolves who are trying to take over their settlement. These cartoon e-books have been interpreted by authorities as having an overtly political message. The Hong Kong government has been worried that the books' young readers would be led to believe that Chinese authorities were coming to Hong Kong with the "wicked intentions" of ruining the lives of the city's inhabitants. Hong Kong police and prosecutors regularly use the national security law to clamp down on political speech and views.
  10. In Hong Kong people can be caught for carrying zip tie (also known as a hose tie, cable tie, or tie wrap), which a type of short plastic fastener for holding items together, primarily electrical cables and wires. They can be punishable by up to 2 years in jail under the Summary Offences Ordinance, and the new charge carries a maximum jail sentence of 10 years under the Crimes Ordinance of "National Security Law". This strange law can be interpreted so broadly that people can be arrested and kept in jail for carrying a pen to "forge signatures".
  11. The Saudi government has been accused of and denounced by various international organizations and governments for violating human rights within the country. For example, Ali al-Nimr was arrested at the age of 17 for his participation in the 2011 Arab Spring protests, and was sentenced to death by beheading at the age of 18. Saudi Arabia sentenced the Saudi scholar Hassan al-Maliki to death; Al-Maliki has been behind bars since 2017 on multiple "charges", including “conducting interviews with western news outlets” and “owning books” that are unauthorized by the Saudi government. Working conditions for the large expatriate labor force are often exploitative; racism in Saudi Arabia extends to allegations of imprisonment, physical abuse, rape, overwork and wage theft, especially of foreign workers who are given little protections under the law. Saudi women face discrimination in many aspects of their lives; for example, they cannot file police reports without the permission of a male guardian, and may end up being imprisoned by the government for complaining. Men are free to abuse women in Saudi Arabia, with reports of women being locked in their rooms for months or threatened with starvation or shooting for offenses such as getting the wrong kind of haircut or being in a relationship with a man the family has not approved. Although women make up 70% of those enrolled in universities, they only make up 5% of the workforce in Saudi Arabia, the lowest proportion in the world.
  12. Saudi Arabia (the largest economy in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world) restricts almost all political rights and civil liberties. The king combines legislative, executive, and judicial function, and also serves as the prime minister, and presides over the Council of Ministers of Saudi Arabia and Consultative Assembly of Saudi Arabia. The royal family dominates the political system. No officials at the national level are elected. Women and religious minorities are mostly excluded from leadership positions in the government, and face extensive discrimination. Saudi Arabia has judicial corporal punishment systems that include amputations of hands and feet for robbery, and flogging for lesser crimes such as "sexual deviance" and drunkenness. It was reported that women were sentenced to lashes for adultery even they were actually victims of rape. Companies operating or planning to invest in Saudi Arabia face a moderate to high risk of corruption. In 2018, the government charged 126 local government employees across the country with corruption, abuse of power and other crimes as part of a controversial anti-corruption campaign that started in 2017, and it has ended this sweeping crackdown on corruption recovered more than $106bn through settlements with scores of senior princes, ministers and top businessmen.
  13. In addition to expressing growing concern over the Chinese government’s human rights violations in China and its repression in Xinjiang, Tibet, and Hong Kong, many countries around the world have criticized China for its partnership with Russia. China, Russia's most valuable ally, has repeatedly criticized Western sanctions against Russia, refused to follow other nations in leveling stiff economic sanctions against Russia for its invasion of Ukraine, rejected to condemn the Russian invasion, routinely amplifies Russian disinformation about the Ukraine-Russia's conflict, and does not refer to it as an invasion or a war in keeping with Russian practice.
  14. Most politically stable countries, ranked by perception
  15. A dictatorship is a type of government in which a single person or party possesses absolute power, the ruler has used various violent rules and policies to complete control the country, and suppress the rights of the people. These include suspension of elections and civil liberties; proclamation of a state of emergency; rule by decree; repression of political opponents; not abiding by the rule of law procedures, and cult of personality. A wide variety of these rulers have come to power in different kinds of regimes, such as military juntas (e.g.; Thailand, Myanmar), one-party states (e.g.; China, North Korea), dominant-party states, and civilian governments under a personal rule. Known as a dictator, a ruler often has a team of to make up the government of the dictatorship, and these officials have implemented the policies. Over time, dictators have been known to use tactics that violate human rights. For example, under the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, government policy was enforced by extrajudicial killings, secret police and the notorious Gulag system of concentration camps; all caused at least 1,054,000 deaths. Pol Pot became dictator of Cambodia in 1975; during his four-year dictatorship, an estimated 1.7 million people (out of a population of 7 million) died due to his policies. As of today, there are 50 dictators in the world, including 1 in Europe, 3 in Americas, 7 in Eurasia, 8 in Asia-Pacific, 12 in the Middle East and North Africa, and 19 in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  16. The Myanmar (Burma) military staged a coup on February 1, 2021, nullifying the results of the November 2020 elections and arbitrarily detaining hundreds of politicians, activists, and civil servants. Myanmar has been in chaos since the Army seized power and detained elected government leader Aung San Suu Kyi and much of her party leadership after the coup alleging fraud in the election her party won in a landslide. Hundreds of thousands of people in Myanmar have marched against the military junta to protest the coup. The military coup forces have confronted peaceful demonstrations, arrested thousands of people, and used lethal weapons to shoot demonstrators. They have fired on protesters around the country, including Lashio in the northeast, Myeik in the deep south and Hpa-An in the east; as of March 20, 2021 Myanmar’s security forces have killed at least 235 people, wounded hundreds of others, and arrested  more than 2,330 people, in violent crackdowns against opposition to the coup.
  17. On 1/19/2021 the US has officially determined that China is committing genocide and crimes against Uyghur people and religious minority groups. In China, since early 2017 the government has imprisoned more than 1 million people in the western Xinjiang region, including Uighurs and other mostly Muslim ethnic groups, in a vast network of concentration camps. China authorities have discriminated against these people by restricting their freedom to travel, emigrating, and attending schools, and denying other basic human rights of assembly, speech, and worship, and forcing men, women and children into at least 380 concentration camps, where they have been subjected to torture, sterilization and political indoctrination in addition to forced labor as part of an assimilation campaign in a region whose inhabitants are ethnically and culturally distinct from the Han Chinese majority. While China has encouraged Han majority in Xinjiang to have more children, the government has slashed birth rates among Uighurs and other minorities by forcing intrauterine devices, sterilization and even abortion on hundreds of thousands as part of a sweeping campaign to curb the Uighurs population; having more than children is a major reason Uighurs and minor people are sent to prison camps in Xinjiang. China's actions and policies developed to discriminate against Muslim Uighurs and ethnic minorities constitute “crimes against humanity” and a “genocide.”
  18. More than 1 million people - mostly from the Muslim Uighur community in China - are though to have been detailed without trial. These people literally do not know how long they are kept in the prison. A leak document reveals how every aspect of a detainee's life is monitored and controlled: "The students should have a fixed bed position, fixed queue position, fixed classroom seat, and fixed station during skills work, and it is strictly forbidden for this to be changed". The Chinese government has consistently claimed the camps in the far western Xinjiang region offer voluntary education and training. But official documents show how inmates are locked up, and indoctrinated and punished. "It's a total transformation that is designed specifically to wipe the Muslim Uighurs of Xinjiang as a separate cultural group off the face of the Earth." China has sought for years to assimilate the Muslim Uighur population into the majority Han Chinese, partially by flooding Xinjiang province with migrants from elsewhere. But the effort to crush the population has recently picked up speed. This is an actionable piece of evidence, documenting a gross human rights violation.
  19. The Chinese government has described its efforts in Xinjiang as a benevolent campaign to curb extremism by training people to find better jobs. But the documents reveal the party’s efforts to organize a ruthless campaign of mass detention in the name of curbing terrorism, a program whose consequences they discussed with cool detachment. When children asked the Chinese government about the disappearance of their parents and families detained in camps built to hold Muslim minorities "Since it’s just training, why can’t they come home?", they were told ". It seems that you’re still misunderstanding how concentrated education is run. Usually, you would return home for winter or summer vacation without any problem. But if you were careless and caught an infectious virus like SARS, you’d have to undergo enclosed, isolated treatment, because it’s an infectious illness. If you weren’t thoroughly cured, as soon as you returned home you would infect your family with this virus, and your whole family would fall ill."
  20. Xinjiang is officially designated an autonomous region within China, like Tibet to its south. Uighurs, who are ethnically Turkic Muslims, make up about 45% of the Xinjiang region's population; 40% are Han Chinese. Uyghurs in Xinjiang suffer under a "fully-fledged police state" with extensive controls and restrictions upon their religious, cultural and social life because the Chinese government tightly controls religious expression and freedom in Xinjiang by imposing rules on the Uighur community. More than 1 million Uighurs are being tortured and “politically brainwashed” in camps and prisons in China while China insisted that the camps are voluntary education centers that help purge “ideological diseases". Despite growing evidence of forced labor and torture in custody, indoctrination and other abuses in Xinjiang, Muslim countries like Saudi Arabia, Iran and Pakistan have remained relatively silent on the issue while the governments of Malaysia, Indonesia and Turkey have voiced concerns about the Uighurs.
  21. The third person most associated with mass deaths in the bloodiest of human centuries after Germany's Adolf Hitler and Soviet's Joseph Stalin is China's Mao Zedong. During the period of 1949 and ended with his death in 1976, Mao Zedong was in some way responsible for 80 million deaths or more, including 1.2 million Tibetan people. In comparison, Hitler is blamed for 12 million concentration camp deaths and at least 30 million other deaths associated with World War II, while Stalin is believed responsible for between 30 million and 40 million "unnatural deaths".
  22. As a result of an investigation, on July 21, 2020 the US ordered to close the Chinese Houston (TX) Consulate, which was part of a large Chinese espionage effort using diplomatic facilities around the US. The consulate was a nest of Chinese spies who tried to steal research data, science and technology from facilities in Texas, including the Texas A&M medical system and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Centre in Houston. The consulate, which was directed to close in order to protect American intellectual property and Americans' private information, was the first (consulate) established in 1979 after the US and China established diplomatic relations. Relations between the US and China have plummeted, amid an ongoing trade war, the coronavirus pandemic, and US criticism of China's human rights abuses in Hong Kong and Xinjiang.
  23. In the US, China has engaged for years in massive illegal spying and influence operations and that those activities have increased markedly in scale and scope over the past few years. China spends a widespread effort to steal U.S. military technology and classified information and the trade secrets of U.S. companies. US prosecutors charged two Chinese hackers working for the China government, both nationals and residents of the People’s Republic of China (China), with stealing coronavirus treatment and vaccine research in the US. They are hacking into the computer systems of hundreds of victim companies, governments, non-governmental organizations, and individual dissidents, clergy, and democratic and human rights activists in the US and abroad, including Hong Kong and China. They began as early as 2009 and are still going on, stole intellectual property and trade secrets worth hundreds of millions of dollars.
  24. China has a long history of propaganda and efforts to cajole the world into following its own narrative on geopolitical and conflict issues like Tibet, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and South China Sea. Its newest propaganda is COVID-19, a new SARS coronavirus disease, first reported in Hubei, a city in central China of 11 million, in late December 2019, by suppressing information about the coronavirus’ origin, downplaying by a factor of 15 to 40 times of the number of cases of coronavirus and its seriousness to the rest of the world, and maintaining through mid-January 2020 that this coronavirus wasn't even contagious. China has been lying since early December 2019 about the nature of the new coronavirus by firmly telling the world that it couldn’t be transmitted between humans, and continually reported wrongly low number of coronavirus cases and deaths in the country. Its propaganda resulted in causing or contributing over 1,192,025 coronavirus cases and 64,085+ deaths worldwide (as of April 4, 2020). Taking advantage of the COVID-19 outbreak, the country has increased exerting military pressure on Taiwan, coercing and bullying its neighbors, and seriously violating sovereignty in the South China Sea.
  25. China's underreporting of its pandemic totals was unsurprising, and official statistics from the country are often lies. Unlike South Korea, China did not test vast amounts of people so those who may have died and not tested for COVID-19 were unlikely to be counted in the official tally. For the Hubei province, including Wuhan, on January 25, 2020 the official figure was only nearly 6,000 confirmed coronavirus cases and just over 200 deaths. However, the University of Hong Kong reported in The Lancet, they estimated that 75,815 individuals have been infected in Wuhan as of that day. As of March 31, 2020 China’s government has reported only 3,000 deaths in the Hubei province, where Wuhan is located — a number that Wuhan’s residents have rejected as a full order of magnitude too small. Unlike China, in Indonesia, President Joko Widodo admitted in March 2020, the government had filtered information about the spread of the virus saying "we don't want to make the public panic, we don't want to cause unrest in the society". A study by the London-based Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases released in late March estimates that as few as 2% of Indonesia's coronavirus infections have been reported. That would bring the true number to more than 89,000 but a serious lack of testing, as with many other nations, means we will never be sure.
  26. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the US was determined to retaliate. On March 10, 1945 over 100,000 Japanese people were killed and another million injured, most of them civilians, when more than 300 American B-29 bombers dropped 1,500 tons of firebombs on the Japanese capital, Tokyo, that night. The human toll that night exceeded that of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki later that year, where the initial blasts killed about 70,000 people and 46,000 people respectively. The US B29 bombers were the culmination of 20 years of aviation advances leading up to World War II and were the first to have pressurized, heated fuselages, enabling them to operate above 18,000 feet without crews having to don special gear or use oxygen masks. Several weeks before attacking Tokyo, Allied bombing raids on February 13–15, 1945, that almost completely destroyed the German city of Dresden. On the night of February 13, the British Bomber Command hit Dresden with an 800-bomber air raid, dropping some 2,700 tons of bombs, including large numbers of incendiaries. Aided by weather conditions, a firestorm developed, incinerating tens of thousands of people. The U.S. Eighth Air Force followed the next day with another 400 tons of bombs and carried out yet another raid by 210 bombers on February 15. It is thought that some 25,000–35,000 civilians died in Dresden in the air attacks, though some estimates are as high as 250,000, given the influx of undocumented refugees that had fled to Dresden from the Eastern Front. Most of the victims were women, children, and the elderly.
  27. The Mekong River and its tributaries snake across six countries, from China down into mainland Southeast Asia. Known as the “mother of waters” in Laos and Thailand, the Mekong flows from the Chinese-controlled Tibetan Plateau to the South China Sea, through Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. China is building around 370 dams along the Mekong’s 2,700-mile course from China through the heart of Southeast Asia for its ambitious hydropower plants capturing the energy of falling water to generate electricity and energy reserves and renewable energy sources for China. These dams across the Mekong basin are part of what China calls its Belt and Road Initiative, a vast network of projects that seeks to cement Beijing’s influence across Asia and beyond. Each development — dams, ports and railways, among others — gives China another long-term foothold in a nation’s economy and trade. Environmental groups warn that by turning a free-flowing river into a series of reservoirs the upstream Lao and Cambodia dams controlled by China and Chinese hydropower dams could wipe out the Mekong’s two largest freshwater species: the giant catfish and the giant pangasius. Farmers in the river basin, Asia’s rice bowl, produce enough rice to feed 300 million people per year. The basin also boasts the world’s largest inland fishery, accounting for an estimated 25 percent of the global freshwater catch. China’s maintenance work on its Jinghong Dam resulted in the release of torrents of water. The resulting floods in Thailand and Laos destroyed crops and disrupted fish, damaging local people’s livelihoods. With water flows shifting as new dams start their turbines, fishers, farmers and local ecosystems are suffering. Experts worry that the river’s last days “as a healthy ecosystem” are gone, an entirely manmade crisis caused by excessively Chinese-built cascading dams. The Mekong River and its biodiversity-rich tributaries — the lifeline for more than 60 million people in Southeast Asia — dropped to their lowest levels, a section of the river has changed from muddy brown to sky blue, fish supplies are scarce, rice cannot be planted on dried-up banks starved of nutrients. Entire ecosystems are being collapsing because of China's ill-planned water management schemes and hydropower dams in the river basin.
  28. ToTok is most popular in the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), but also serves millions of users in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and North America. The company that created ToTok, Breej Holding, is believed to be a front group for an Abu Dhabi-based hacking firm called DarkMatter. But the service, ToTok, is actually a spying tool. It is used by the government of the U.A.E. to try to track every conversation, movement, relationship, appointment, sound and image of those who install it on their phones. Google removed it from its store on 12/19/2019, and Apple followed suit on 12/20/2019.
  29. Hong Kong authorities have rapidly begun to apply the new National Security Law to prosecute peaceful speech, curtail academic freedom, and generate a chilling effect on fundamental freedoms in the city. The law, which China’s government imposed on June 30, 2020, include creating specialized secret security agencies, denying fair trial rights, providing sweeping new powers to the police, increasing restraints on civil society and the media, and weakening judicial oversight. It's Beijing’s most aggressive assault on Hong Kong people’s freedoms since Britain handed over its former colony, Hong Kong, in 1997. China pledged to preserve the “one country, two systems” framework through 2047; however, China has seen Hong Kong as part of its territory and applied vague laws against Hong Kong people. These include the use of intimidation, covert surveillance, enforced disappearances, arbitrary detention, and torture and deaths in custody of activists, rights lawyers, and journalists. Hong Kong people face the prospect of lengthy prison terms for possessing banners or chanting slogans that the authorities dislike. As a result, the United States and many countries no longer treat Hong Kong and China separately on several major issues, including trade and extradition. Hong Kong became just like another Chinese city.
  30. Until 1997, Hong Kong was ruled by Britain as a colony but then returned to China under the "one country, two systems" arrangement. Unlike other cities in China, which are tightly governed by the authoritarian central government, Hong Kong is a semi-autonomous city with its own legal and political systems, and its people have more rights. However, the Chinese government actively interfered in Hong Kong's affairs and created bills to control and take away Hong Kong people's rights. As of today, almost no Hong Kong youth identified themselves as Chinese. Since the summer of 2019, Hong Kong protesters (driven by a sense of desperation rather than hope) began fighting these bills to protect Hong Kong’s autonomy from China. Protesters feared the bills would allow China to encroach on these rare freedoms. As the protests have continued, they are posing a challenge to the city's government and Beijing. The "special" relationship of Hong Kong's leadership with mainland China is a key element in untangling this mess. In Hong Kong, China demands to implement a law that would criminalize secession, subversion of state power, terrorist activities and colluding with foreign forces to endanger national security. Critics say Hong Kong’s legal statutes already account for such matters and that Beijing is determined to use the law to pursue political opponents. China has long demanded such a law for Hong Kong, but efforts were shelved in the face of massive protests in 2003.
  31. In order to take a firm rhetorical stance, saying the protests "showed signs of terrorism", China and Hong Hong government are using threats and pressure to get business to back its increasingly hard-line stance toward Hong Kong, leading companies to warn and intimidate workers who speak out in protest. For example, HSBC, the London bank, was threatened because it has slowly backed Beijing’s push to enact a new national security law covering the territory, and two Chinese banks, Chiyu Banking and Wing Lung Bank, had pressured their employees to sign a petition supporting the law, by forcing them to sign a petition and taking screenshot of their signature and share it publicly. China and Hong Kong government have pressured various companies, including railway operator MTR Corporation, airline Cathay Pacific, and the Big Four accounting firms (KPMG, Ernst & Young (EY), Deloitte and PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) - in Hong Kong) to take a hard-line approach against employees who took part in the protests. Cathay Pacific witnessed a huge managerial reshuffling and fired pro-democratic employees after the Civil Aviation Administration of China threatened to block Cathay's access to Chinese airspace while the MTR has closed stations and has ended its service early after being criticized for transporting protesters. The world's "Big 4" accounting firms have confirmed they stand with China by distancing themselves from a newspaper advertisement in which their employees expressed support for Hong Kong protesters. Chinese state media outlets largely ignored the Hong Kong protests, which were also mostly censored from Mainland Chinese social media.
  32. As China tightens its grip on Hong Kong over which British rule ended 20 years ago, pro-democracy activists are still fighting against erosion of freedoms. Since May 2019, thousands of people in Hong Kong gathered and peacefully marched for pro-democracy protests, which had seen numerous clashes between protesters and police with police firing tear gas at demonstrators as the city's protests enter their 13th weekend to demand some basic freedom requests, such as the full withdrawal of the suspended extradition bill and implementation of open and free elections. The Hong Kong public’s response to police violence shows that people are willing to put their bodies on the line for freedom. More than one million people being drawn to the streets twice in a week in June, only to have many of their demands ignored, is a sign of a serious democratic deficit. On September 2, tens of thousands students boycotted the first day of classes as part of a citywide strike.
  33. The Chinese Communist Party has in effect controlled the Hong Kong government, and infringed on freedom of speech and movement. For example, after Hong Kong Professional Teachers Union organized for its members and students to join the general strike on August 5, 2019 the Government's Regional Education Offices asked all schools for names of the teachers and pupils who participated in the strike, hinting at possible future retribution. The Government installed lampposts used for carrying facial recognition function and infringing upon personal privacy of citizens, and protesters attempted to tear down or dismantle them. Hong Kong leader, Carrie Lam, was sorry for causing “unforgivable havoc” by igniting the political crisis engulfing the city and she would quit if she had a choice!.
  34. In 2019 million people in Hong Kong protested to demand a full withdrawal of the extradition bill, dismissal of charges against arrested protesters, a government retraction regarding the term "riot", an independent investigation into police brutality, and universal suffrage. Beijing imposed a sweeping national security law, under which the government has had all but wiped out formal opposition. Authorities have raided and closed down newsrooms, jailed activists and protesters, unseated elected lawmakers, heightened censorship both online and in printed publications, and changed school curricula. The city has been transformed beyond recognition since.
  35. Hong Kong’s human rights record took a dark turn. Civil liberties in Hong Kong are increasingly being undermined by the growing interference of the central government, 20 years after the city returned to Chinese sovereignty in 1997. In April 2018, Hong Kong police arrested 11 pro-democracy advocates on charges including “unlawful assembly” and “obstructing police.” The charges stem from the advocates’ protest against a decision by China’s top legislative body forcing Hong Kong courts to disqualify two pro-independence legislators. In July 2018 a Hong Kong court disqualified four more pro-democracy lawmakers for modifying their oaths swearing allegiance to China in a 2016 ceremony.
  36. Until 22 May 2014 the politics of Thailand were conducted within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the prime minister is the head of government and a hereditary monarch is head of state. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislative branches. Since the coup d'état of 22 May 2014, Thailand revoked its 2007 constitution. The 2007 Constitution was annulled by the 2014 coup-makers who run the country as a military dictatorship. The country has been under the rule of a military organization called National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), which has taken control of the national administration, and abolished the national assembly and assumed the responsibilities of the legislative branch. Military courts have been tasked to be responsible for most cases that are normally under the civilian courts. The NCPO has repeatedly postponed promised elections, fearing that the pro-Thaksin Pheu Thai Party would do well despite the junta’s election laws and rules that are expressly designed to disadvantage Pheu Thai.
  37. The politics of Italy are conducted through a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. Italy has been a democratic republic since 2 June 1946, when the monarchy was abolished by popular referendum and a constituent assembly was elected to draft a constitution, which was promulgated on 1 January 1948. Italy has had more than 50 governments and more than 20 Prime Ministers since 1945.
  38. Saudis close to Crown Prince, Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud, discussed killing other enemies a year before Khashoggi’s death, and used coercion and abuse to seize billions.
  39. The Turkish lira tumbled more than 16 percent on August 10, 2018 - a record low against the dollar - after the US announced the punitive doubling of steel and aluminum tariffs, to compel it to turn over a jailed American pastor in Turkey; the US is the biggest destination for Turkish steel exports with 11 percent of the Turkish export volume. Mr Erdogan, the Turkey president, who has consolidated unprecedented power through a series of referendums, framed Turkey's crisis as a “national battle” against economic enemies, including the US.
  40. The Cambodia government under the Prime Minister Hun Sen’s leadership arrested the leader of Cambodia’s political opposition on dubious charges of treason; dissolved the main opposition party and banned over 100 members from political activity; intensified the misuse of the justice system to prosecute political opposition and human rights activists; and forced several independent media outlets to close; he ordered internet service providers to block independent news websites, including Radio Free Asia, Voice of America and Voice of Democracy, in the days leading up to and during the election. Prime Minister Hun Sen, one of the world’s longest serving leaders – is seeking to prolong his 33-year grip on power in the national vote set for July 29, 2018 and has used the courts to cripple his opponents, warned that people who curses or insults him would eventually die without a plot of land to bury their bodies. After voting, Prime Minister Hun Sen said his party won every seat in Parliament. The Chinese Foreign Ministry, which sent observers to Cambodia even as Western monitors stayed away for fear of legitimizing the polls, deemed the elections a "success".
  41. A Laos hydroelectric dam that was under construction collapsed on July 23, 2018, sending flash floods through six villages, and killing many people and flooding villages in the southern province of Attapeu. Over 7,000 people were displaced and hundreds more were missing. Laos, a landlocked, communist state that is largely isolated from the rest of the world, is one of Asia’s poorest countries. China, Laos and Cambodia have begun massive hydroelectric development programs, with more than a dozen dams planned, under construction or completed on the main river and many more dams on tributaries. The dam that collapsed is part of the Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy hydroelectric power project, which involves Laotian, Thai and South Korean firms.
  42. Vietnam issued a contentious cybersecurity law, which requires global tech companies such as Google and Facebook to store user data in Vietnam, open offices in the country and remove offending contents within 24 hours at the request of the Ministry of Information and Communications and the specialized cybersecurity task-force under the Ministry of Public Security. Around 57% of Vietnam’s 93 million people have Facebook accounts and about 65 million people are online, the new policy has potentially devastating consequences for freedom of expression.
  43. Israel captured east Jerusalem, and seized the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank from Jordan and the Golan Heights from Syria in the 1967 Mideast war, which was fought between June 5 and 10, 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (former United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria, and later annexed east Jerusalem in a move not-recognized internationally Israel internationally.
  44. After the World War II, the majority of Jews in Arab countries immigrated to Israel. Of the nearly 900,000 Jewish emigrants, approximately 680,000 emigrated to Israel and 235,000 to France; the remainder went to other countries in Europe as well as to the Americas. About two thirds of the exodus was from the North Africa region, of which Morocco's Jews went mostly to Israel, Algeria's Jews went mostly to France, and Tunisia's Jews departed for both countries. It is estimated that between 1956 and 1967, about 235,000 North African Jews from Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco immigrated to France. The United States was a destination of many Egyptian, Lebanese and Syrian Jews.
  45. An intricate network of companies controlled by the family of longtime Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, the world’s sixth-longest-serving premier, has amassed a secret fortune with a value of at least $200 million and possibly between “$500 million and $4 billion”. Hun Sen's financial links into 114 domestic, private companies controlled or owned outright by members of Hun Sen’s family and their links to big international brands, such as Apple, Nokia, Visa, Unilever, Procter & Gamble, Nestlé, Durex and Honda, and many others. Wealth is a sensitive issue for Hun Sen, who has said he makes a wage of just $1,150 a month after 30 years in the job. While Hun Sen’s wealth is vast, on a regional level his family effort pales when comparing with Malaysia’s Taib Mahmud, who is by far the richest; Taib ruled the East Malaysian state of Sarawak for 33 years and retired with a family fortune valued at more than $20 billion and held through a network of 400 companies. In 2015, Malaysia's Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak, was accused of channelling over RM 2.67 billion (USD $681 million) from 1MDB, a government-run strategic development company, to his personal bank accounts; he declared that the "money was a personal donation from Saudi Arabia’s royal family". More than $1 billion entered Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak's personal bank accounts, much of it from state investment fund 1MDB.
  46. Effective October 8, 2017 the U.S. has suspended all non-immigrant visa services at all U.S. diplomatic facilities in Turkey following the arrest of a consulate employee, and Turkish markets slammed after the U.S. suspended visa.
  47. In July 2017 China quickly cremated its only Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Liu Xiaobo, the country's most famous political prisoner. Liu was a Chinese literary critic, writer, poet, anti-communist, human rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who called for political reforms and was involved in campaigns to end Communist single-party rule. He championed non-violent resistance as a way of overcoming “forceful tyranny”, and had been serving an 11-year jail sentence for demanding an end to one-party rule when he was diagnosed with late-stage liver cancer in May 2017. On 8 December 2008, Liu was detained due to his participation with the Charter 08 manifesto, and was formally arrested on 23 June 2009 on suspicion of "inciting subversion of state power". Like Liu Xiaobo, many Chinese political activists have been detained, jailed or exiled for their pro-democracy or rights defending activities in China.
  48. Although the 1982 constitution guarantees freedom of speech, the Chinese government often uses the "subversion of state power" and "protection of state secrets" clauses in their law system to imprison those who criticize the government. The government controls the media and Internet censorship very tighhly. The government maintains censorship over all media capable of reaching a wide audience. This includes television, print media, radio, film, theater, text messaging, instant messaging, video games, literature, and the Internet. At least 40 Chinese journalists and 74 Netizens were reportedly imprisoned in China since 2014. China’s prisons held more than 100 journalists, citizen-journalists and bloggers, including a Nobel peace laureate and three winners of the Reporters Without Borders (RSF)-TV5 Monde Press Freedom Prize, as of June 2017.
  49. China wants its minorities, Tibetans and Uyghurs, to sing and dance on TV – but do little else, the government exoticises, and marginalises, its non-Han Chinese ethnic groups. Since February 2009, at least 122 Tibetans have set themselves on fire as a grimin protest China and most have died from their wounds.
  50. Little is publicly known of identity of the man who stood in front of a column of tanks on June 5, 1989, the morning after the Chinese military had suppressed the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 by force. The British tabloid Sunday Express named him as Wang Weilin (王维林), a 19-year-old student, who was later charged with "political hooliganism" and "attempting to subvert members of the People's Liberation Army. However, this claim has been rejected by an internal Communist Party of China, which reported that they could not find the man based on statements made by a reliable party member, "We can’t find him, we got his name from journalists, we have checked through computers but can’t find him among the dead or among those in prison,". There were at least 300, and perhaps thousands, of the protesters had been killed and as many as 10,000 were arrested after Chinese troops and security police stormed through Tiananmen Square, firing indiscriminately into the crowds of protesters. There are several conflicting stories about what happened to this young man after the demonstration; among these sources he was arrested and executed by a firing squad. However, in a 1990 interview with Barbara Walters, then-CPC General Secretary Jiang Zemin was asked what became of the man, Jiang stated "I can't confirm whether this young man you mentioned was arrested or not.".
  51. One of Richard McGregor's books, "The Party", describes a relationship between the Communist Party and the Chinese government. The Chinese Communist Party, the country's sole political party governing China, let Chinese people know that they are using the "model of the US government" that "appoints the entire U.S. cabinet and the heads of federal regulatory commissions, the justices of the Supreme Court, state governors and their deputies, the mayors of major cities, the chief executives of GE, Exxon-Mobil, Wal-Mart and about fifty of the remaining largest U.S. companies, the editors of the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal and the Washington Post, the bosses of the TV networks (e.g.; ABC, CBS, and NBC) and cable stations (HBO, ShowTime, and CNN), the presidents of MIT, Yale and Harvard and other big universities, and the heads of think-tanks (eg.; Brookings Institute, Rand, and the Heritage Foundation)", and the vetting process is secret, and the appointments are announced without any accompanying explanations why they had been made; most Chinese people know these are not true, but no one dares to speak up. Interestingly, in March 2008 the Chinese Communist Party ordered to "establish a store Communist Party committee" within one Wal-Mart store located in the north-east of China.
  52. China is made up of 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities directly under the Central Government, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao. The 23 provinces are Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang; the five autonomous regions are Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang, and Tibet; the four municipalities are Beijing, Chongqing, Shanghai and Tianjin. The interesting and fun fact is that Taiwan is not belonging to China, which has consistently claimed sovereignty over Taiwan and asserted Taiwan is no longer in legitimate existence.
  53. China is a socialist republic ruled by a single party, the Communist Party of China. Power in China is divided between the National People's Congress (NPC), the President, and the State Council. The NPC is the single legislative body, whose members are selected by the Communist Party. The State Council, headed by the Premier, is the administrative branch. The People's Liberation Army (PLA), which includes the Army, Navy, Air Force, and the Second Artillery Force, also wields considerable political power, the President is chairman of the Central Military Commission of China, the country's top military organ and commander of its armed forces. The President, the Premier and all government officials are selected by the Communist Party.
  54. Roughly half (47%) of China’s current population were born under the country’s one-child policy (ages 0 to 34 today), and they lived through a very different China, the world’s most populous nation, than the half who were born before.
  55. President Trump defeated Clinton in the Electoral College in the 2016 presidential election, collecting 304 votes to her 227; however, Clinton won the popular vote by 2,864,974 ballots cast. Trump tells Congressional leaders 3-5-million "illegals" cost him popular vote.
  56. One of 11 members of Germany’s parliament (622 members) with Turkish roots; about 3 millions people of Turkish descent live in Germany; half of them retain Turkish citizenship, making Germany in effect Turkey’s fourth-largest electoral district. Some 2,000 of the country’s 3,000 mosques are Turkish, and 900 of those are financed by DITIB, an arm of the Turkish government, which sends the imams from Turkey.
  57. Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey's president, tightened his grip on Turkey in July 2016, by shutting down 16 television channels, 23 radio stations, 45 newspapers, 15 universities, 934 other schools, 109 student dormitories, 19 unions, 35 medical institutions as well as over 1,100 other charities and foundations, in his decree since imposing a state of emergency after the failed military coup. He has suspended, detained or placed under investigation more than 60,000 soldiers, police, judges, teachers, civil servants, journalists and others for “complicity in the attempted coup”. The dismissed 2,400 military personnel included 1,200 commissioned officers from the navy, air and land forces.
  58. The European Union - often known as the EU - is an economic and political partnership involving 28 European countries; the EU has its own currency, the euro, which is used by 19 of the member countries; on June 23, 2016 the United Kingdom has voted to leave the EU.
  59. An international tribunal in The Hague ruled in favor of the Philippines in a maritime dispute July 12, 2016, concluding China has no legal basis to claim historic rights to the bulk of the South China Sea. The Tribunal’s award is highly favorable to the Philippines, ruling that China’s nine-dash line claim and accompanying claims to historic rights have no validity under international law; that no feature in the Spratly Islands, including Taiwan-occupied Itu Aba (or Taiping Island), is an island under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS); and that the behavior of Chinese ships physically obstructing Philippine vessels is unlawful. The ruling doesn't just affect China and the Philippines, but other countries, such as Malaysia, Vietnam and Indonesia, that have competing claims with the nation over large areas of the sea.
  60. China claims some 90 percent of the South China Sea, and the country is developing islands and reefs for military, as well as civilian purposes in a threat to stability. On July 12, 2016, the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague will rule on a case brought by the Philippines against China over its territorial claims and actions across the disputed waters and vital global trade route. U.S. warns China against provocations once court rules on sea claims.
  61. In "Hostile Takeover: The Corporate Empire of Cambodia’s Ruling Family" Prime Minister Hun Sen (who is already one of the world’s longest-serving leaders) and his family have interests in at least 114 local companies with a combined share capital over $200 million. “The Huns are renowned as one of the richest, if not the richest, and most powerful families in Cambodia, with a combined wealth estimated by experts to total between $500 million and $1 billion.” The report was released just a week in July 2016 after the U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee in Washington approved a spending bill that makes foreign aid to Cambodia (one of the world's poorest countries) worth $77.8 million contingent upon an end to government harassment of opposition politicians.
  62. Corruption is deeply embedded in Thailand for numerous reasons, including the tradition that officials were entitled to 10 to 30 percent of expenditures for rendering their services, rather than a salary; a tradition of giving gifts to high officials also persists, and while these practices are not directly corrupting, the continuation of gift-giving during a period when officials receive salaries is a major basis of corruption. Businesses indicate that irregular payments and bribes are commonly made in order to obtain favorable judicial decisions. Almost four out of five Thai believe most or all of the police to be corrupt.
  63. Malaysia's then-Attorney General Abdul Gani Patail linked a donation of $681m (£478m) made to the account of Mr. Najib Razak, Malaysia's prime minister, with companies and bodies which had ties to 1MDB. In 7/2015 Mr Najib fired Mr Patail and replaced him with Mr Naji, and also canned the deputy prime minister, Muhyiddin Yassin, who had criticized his handling of the crisis. Mr Naji cleared Mr Najib of corruption in 1/2016. Mr. Razak said that a Saudi royal family member gave him $681 million!
  64. Malaysia's prime minister, Najib Razak, who founded and is the chair of 1MDB, was accused of siphoning money from the investment fund after $681 million was transferred into his personal accounts while $4 billion was misappropriated from 1MDB.
  65. In April 2016 Thailand’s coup leaders gave military officers broad police-like powers to arrest and detain, further eroding the capabilities of civilian authorities in the junta-run state. The military is authorized to seize assets, suspend financial transactions, ban suspects from traveling and arrest people involved with against public peace, defamation, gambling, extortion, and labor abuses.
  66. The best countries in the world
  67. The most corrupt countries by population
  68. :
  69. The most corrupt countries by perception:
  70. The top countries jailed journalists because of their "unflavored" reports (2014):
  71. China was ranked 100th out of 175 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index (2014), on par with Algeria and Suriname, and comparable to Armenia, Colombia, Egypt, Gabon, Liberia, Panama, Bolivia, Mexico, Moldova and Niger. It ranked less corrupt than neighbors Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, North Korea, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, the Philippines, Pakistan and Nepal, but more corrupt than neighbors India, Bhutan, Macao, Hong Kong and Mongolia.
  72. As of 2014, the countries known to have detonated nuclear weapons are the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, the People's Republic of China, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel.
  73. As of 2013, Russia possessed an estimated 8,500 total nuclear warheads of which 1,800 were strategically operational, and the United States had an estimated total 7,700 nuclear warheads of which 1,950 were strategically operational. At the peak of the arsenal in 1988, Russia possessed around 45,000 nuclear weapons in its stockpile, roughly 13,000 more than the United States arsenal, the second largest in the world, which peaked in 1966.
  74. The International Day against Nuclear Tests is observed on August 29. It was established on December 2, 2009 at the 64th session of the United Nations General Assembly by the resolution 64/35, which was adopted unanimously.
  75. As of September 2013, the United States has officially recognized 32 Broken Arrow incidents, which refer to accidental events that involve nuclear weapons, warheads or components, but do not create the risk of nuclear war. Some of these events include:
  76. As of 1996, the U.S. spent approximately $8.75 trillion (in present day terms) on its nuclear weapons programs; of which, 57% was spent on building nuclear weapons delivery systems; 6.3 % ($549 billion) was spent on environmental remediation and nuclear waste management/cleaning up; 7% ($615 billion) was spent on making nuclear weapons. (Source: Brookings Institution)
  77. The Manhattan Project (1942-1946) led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada, was a research and development project that made the first atomic bombs during World War II. Physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer was the scientific director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory that designed the actual bombs. As a result, the first nuclear device ever detonated was an implosion-type bomb at the Trinity test, conducted at New Mexico's Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range on 16 July 1945, and the production of "Little Boy", a gun-type weapon, and "Fat Man", an implosion-type weapon. On 6 August 1945, the "Little Boy" was detonated over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Three days later, on 9 August, the "Fat Man" was exploded over the Japanese city of Nagasaki. These two bombings resulted in the deaths of approximately 200,000 people including acute injuries sustained from the explosions. On August 15, 1945 Emperor Hirohito announced the surrender of Japan to the Allies.
  78. The fissile materials for nuclear weapons development are uranium-235, plutonium-239, uranium-233, Neptunium-237 and americium.
  79. A nuclear weapon is an powerfully explosive device that possess enormous destructive power derived from nuclear reactions, either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. Both reactions release vast quantities of energy from relatively small amounts of matter. The first fission ("atomic") bomb test released the same amount of energy as approximately 20,000 tons of TNT. The first thermonuclear ("hydrogen") bomb test released the same amount of energy as approximately 10,000,000 tons of TNT.
  80. As of 2012 around 70,000 Christians were imprisoned in North Korea’s concentration camps
  81. The level of corruption in Cambodia exceeds most countries in the world. Despite adopting an 'Anti-Corruption Law' in 2010, corruption prevails throughout the country. The 2010 Anti-Corruption Law provided no protection to whistle-blowers, and whistle-blowers can be jailed for up to 6 months if they report corruption that cannot be proven.
  82. Around 200,000 Timorese were killed by Indonesia during the period the country occupied East Timor from December 1975 to October 1999.
  83. An investigation conducted by United Nations showed that in the first 10 months of 1982, Thai pirates attacked 289 Vietnamese refugee boats - with, on average, more than three attacks per boat; there were 484 known deaths or murders and 583 identified rape victims.
  84. Thai Pirates Rape, Kill Fleeing Boat People
  85. An estimated 70 million deaths in China through starvation, forced labor, and executions when Mao Zedong governed as Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
  86. Around 2 million people, an estimated 25 percent of the total population, were killed in Cambodia during the brutal regime of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979. The genocide was ended following the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia.
  87. 2/3 of 2,709,918 Americans military personnel served in uniform in Vietnam were volunteers, and the last American troops departed Vietnam on 29 March 1973. The fall of South Vietnam happened 30 April 1975, two years after the American military left Vietnam.
  88. An estimated 2 million deaths in Vietnam through starvation during the Japanese occupation of Vietnam from October 1944 to May 1945.
  89. From 1941 to 1945, six million Jews were killed by the Nazi Germany and its collaborators. Nazi Germany also killed over 5 million non-Jews, which include Gypsies, Poles, communists, homosexuals, Soviet POWs, and the mentally and physically disabled people.
  90. In 1971, during the nine-month-long Bangladesh war for independence, the Pakistani military and its supporting militias killed around 3,000,000 people and raped between 200,000–400,000 Bangladeshi women in a systematic campaign of genocidal rape.
  91. In 1915, Turkey set in motion a plan to expel and massacre Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire; by the early 1920s, when the massacres and deportations finally ended, around 1.5 million Armenians, an estimated 75 percent of the total population, were dead; the Turkish government has denied that a genocide took place.
  92. Jean-Jacques Dessalines, the first ruler of an independent Haiti, ordered the killing of the white population of French creoles on Haiti which culminated in the 1804 Haiti Massacre

World Politics, Analysis & Outlook

▷ Politics & Issues Discussion Forum
Discussion Forum .

▷ Political Analysis & Outlook
  1. CNN: World Politics.
  2. BBC: World News.
  3. General Assembly Adopts Resolution Calling for Immediate, Sustained Humanitarian Truce Leading to Cessation of Hostilities Between Israel, Hamas | UN Press
  4. UN Overwhelmingly Calls for Aid Truce Between Israel and Hamas
  5. Secretary-General's Remarks to the Security Council on the Middle East  | UN
  6. Global Firepower - 2023 World Military Strength Rankings
  7. World Report 2023 | Human Rights Watch
  8. The Relationship Between Law and Politics
  9. The Relationship Between Violations and Abuses of Human Rights and the Commission of Atrocity Crimes
  10. Poorest Countries in the World
  11. Poverty Headcount Ratio at $2.15 a Day (2017 PPP) (% of population) | Data (worldbank.org)
  12. These Countries Are Loudly Supporting Russia's Ukraine Invasion
  13. Democracy and Dictatorship: The Politics of Innovation
  14. Democracy Under Siege
  15. Democracy and Its Practice: A General Theory of Democratic Relativity
  16. Democracies Divided: The Global Challenge of Political Polarization
  17. Media Freedom in Dictatorships
  18. The Politics of Poverty: Elites, Citizens, and States
  19. Private Spy Software Sold by NSO Group Found on Cell Phones Worldwide
  20. Pegasus: Spyware Sold to Governments 'Targets Activists' | BBC
  21. This Malware Sold to Governments Could Help Them Spy on iPhones
  22. Exporting Digital Authoritarianism
  23. Citizenship in Uncivil Democracies.
  24. Does Democracy Reduce Corruption?
  25. Does Urbanization Promote Democratic Change?
  26. Does Oil Hinder Democracy?
  27. Elections, Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Resource Guide
  28. Syndromes of Corruption: Wealth, Power, and Democracy
  29. Governance, Corruption, and Conflict
  30. Global Politics in the 21st Century
  31. The Global State of Democracy
  32. Political Stability by Country, Around the World
  33. Political Instability and Economic Growth
  34. Political Instability and the Interventions of IMF and the World Bank in Non-Democratic Regimes
  35. Political Uncertainty and Initial Public Offerings: A Literature Review
  36. The Truth About Islam and Democracy
  37. List of Sovereign States by Percentage of Population Living in Poverty
  38. List of Royalty by Net Worth.
  39. List of Dictators.
  40. List of Famous Dictators.
  41. Introduction: Influencing Dictatorships to Become Democracies
  42. Current World Dictators.
  43. Rise of Dictators
  44. Dictators Who Dominate: Betraying Allies to Gain a Preponderance of Power.
  45. Dictatorship Countries.
  46. Dictatorship: Analytical Approaches
  47. Theories of Dictatorships: Sub-Types and Explanations
  48. Strongman: The Rise of Dictators and the Fall of Democracy
  49. Varieties of Dictatorship.
  50. Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy.
  51. Influencing Dictatorships to Become Democracies.
  52. Are Dictators on the Way Out – or on the Way Up?.
  53. Autocratic Breakdown and Regime Transitions.
  54. The Highest Paid World Leaders
  55. Countries With Royal Families
  56. Countries With Current Monarchies
  57. Country Corruption Perceptions Index: 2022 - 2021 - 2020 - 2019
  58. Corruption in Dictatorships
  59. Corruption Is a Pandemic. The solution Is Democracy.
  60. Most Corrupt Countries.
  61. Most Corrupt Countries in the World – Ranked.
  62. Most Corrupt Countries in the World: Global Rating.
  63. The Most Corrupt Countries in the World | Forbes
  64. The Most Corrupt Countries in the World.
  65. The Most Corrupt Countries in the World - Info List.
  66. "Fake News: An Insidious Trend that's Fast Becoming a Global Problem.
  67. Issues in International Politics.
  68. Evicted and Abandoned: The World Bank’s Broken Promise to the Poor.
  69. Champions of Human Rights.
  70. Battle for the Holy Land
  71. Failures of Intelligence.
  72. The Evolution of Islamic Terrorism.
  73. Islam's Political Polyphony
  74. Inside the Terror Network
  75. Terrorism in South Asia
  76. Amnesty International Reports
  77. Enlargement Issues at NATO's Bucharest Summit
  78. Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
  79. Don't Blame Western Monetary Policy for Emerging Market Woes.
  80. Antisemitism in Islam.
  81. The Dragon in the Backyard.
  82. U.S. Sends Home Brothers Held for Nearly 20 Years at Guantánamo Bay | NYT
  83. Life After Guantanamo: 'We Are Still in Jail' | BBC
  84. The Sudden Silencing of Guantanamo's Artists | BBC
  85. Generation Gap: How Age Shapes Political Outlook.
  86. Alert 2021! Report on Conflicts, Human Rights and Peacebuilding
  87. Taking the Guesswork Out of Policy.
  88. The Structure of the Executive in Authoritarian and Democratic Regimes: Regime Dimensions across the Globe, 1900-2014.
  89. The Opposite of Thinking.
  90. An Understanding of the Human Rights Act
  91. Exercising Your Human Rights
  92. Kingdoms and Monarchs of the World
  93. Current Monarchs of Sovereign States
  94. Meet the World's Other 25 Royal Families
  95. Current Communist Countries in the World.
  96. Communist Countries, Past and Present.
  97. Communist Countries.
  98. Hottest Heads of State.
  99. Human Rights Watch World Report
  100. Women and Human Rights
  101. Women's Rights
  102. Women’s Rights Are Human Rights
  103. Women's Rights: Reproductive Rights and Abortion.
  104. The World Corruption Perception Summary - Corruption by Country. | Transparency.org
  105. The World's Most and Least Free Countries.
  106. The World's Remaining Communist Countries.
  107. The World's Biggest Gamble.
  108. The World's 50 Greatest Leaders.
  109. The World's Most Popular Religious Destinations.
  110. The World's Most Powerful People (All Time)
  111. The World's Most Powerful People
  112. Worst of the Worst - The World's Most Repressive Societies:
  113. The New Politics of Judicial Elections, 2000–2009: Decade of Change
  114. Politics by Aristotle - Written 350 B.C.E .
  115. Explore WWII History
  116. History: World War 2 | BBC
  117. World War II: Summary, Combatants & Facts
  118. World War I: Causes and Timeline
  119. World War I in Photos: Introduction
  120. World War I Fast Facts | CNN
  121. 6 Countries Sided With Russia in UN Vote on Ukraine War
  122. 10 Most Corrupt Countries in the World.
  123. 10 Conflicts to Watch in 2018.
  124. 10 Poorest Countries in the World.
  125. 10 Least Developed Countries in the World.
  126. 12 Most Racist Countries Against Blacks in the World.
  127. 15 Poorest Countries in the World.
  128. 15 Most Advanced Countries in Europe.
  129. 20 Most Corrupt Countries in the World.
  130. 25 Poorest Countries in the World.
  131. 25 Least Developed Countries in the World.
  132. 30 Most Authoritarian Regimes in the World.
  133. 30 Years After the Tiananmen Square Massacre.
  134. 32 Most Corrupt Countries in the World.
  135. 50 Poorest Countries in the World
  136. 50 Poorest Countries in the World | Insider Monkey
  137. 100 Women Who Are Redefining Power
  138. 100 Top Global Thinkers.
▷ How, What, Who, Why
  1. How to Understand, and Deal with Dictatorship
  2. How Countries Voted U.N. Resolution to End Ukraine War and Who Abstained
  3. How the Communist Party Runs the Country in China
  4. How Modern Dictators Survive: An Informational Theory of the New Authoritarianism.
  5. How the Communist Party Runs the Country
  6. How Modern Dictators Survive: Cooptation, Censorship, Propaganda, and Repression
  7. How Does Pegasus, the Spyware at the Heart of Israel Police Furor, Work?
  8. What Is Politics.
  9. What Is Religious Militancy and Its Relationship to Terrorism?.
  10. What Is Pegasus Spyware and How It Works?
  11. What Is Pegasus Spyware Controversy?
  12. What Are Human Rights?
  13. What Makes a Terrorist.
  14. What You Need to Know About Israeli Spyware
  15. What You Need to Know About Pegasus Spyware and the US Government
  16. When a Populist Demagogue Takes Power.
  17. Where Political Comedy Is No Joke.
  18. Who Are Russia's Allies in the Ukraine Conflict and What Is Their Stance?
  19. Why Corruption Matters: Understanding Causes, Effects and How to Address Them.
  20. Why Some Countries Still Support Russia Amid Atrocities in Ukraine.
▷ Asia
  1. The Return of Military Rule in South and Southeast Asia
  2. A Short History of South East Asia
  3. CPI 2021 for Asia Pacific: Grand Corruption and Lack of Holding Back Progress
  4. Asia Pacific: Little to No Progress on Anti-Corruption
  5. "Asian Values" and Democracy in Asia
  6. Dictatorship versus Democracy in Southeast Asia
  7. U.N. Calls for Investigation After Report of more than 30 Massacred by Myanmar Military
  8. Save the Children Workers Missing After 30 Villagers Reportedly Massacred by Myanmar Troops
  9. Myanmar Junta and Armed Rebels Agree Ceasefire
  10. Myanmar Civil War: Opponents Vow ‘Beginning of the End’ for Junta as Resistance Fighters Launch Nationwide Offensive
  11. Myanmar Junta Executes Leading Democracy Activists Ko Jimmy and Phyo Zayar Thaw
  12. Myanmar Junta Extends State of Emergency by Six Months
  13. Myanmar: Military Executes Four Democracy Activists Including Ex-MP
  14. Myanmar’s Coup and Its Aftermath, Explained
  15. The Built-In Brutality of Myanmar’s Military
  16. The China-Myanmar Economic Corridor, 2 Years After the Coup
  17. Two Years on from Myanmar Coup: What’s the Plan?
  18. Activist, Ex-Lawmaker Among Detainees Executed in Myanmar
  19. As Myanmar Suffers, the Military Junta Is Desperate, Isolated and Running out of Options
  20. Dictatorship, Disorder and Decline in Myanmar
  21. Myanmar/Burma: Repression of Religious Freedom and Fundamental Human Rights
  22. Junta Approves $2.5bn Power Plant Project Backed by Chinese Companies
  23. Myanmar: Coup Leads to Crimes Against Humanity
  24. The Political Economy of Myanmar’s Transition
  25. In Myanmar Jungle, Civilians Prepare to Battle Military Rulers
  26. Myanmar Coup Highlights Autocracy's Rise in Southeast Asia
  27. Rebels Seize Myanmar Military Post Along Thai Border
  28. Allies of Myanmar Coup Resisters Capture Military Base
  29. Myanmar Under the Military Rule 1962-1988
  30. Human Rights Watch World Report: on Myanmar: 2022 - 2021
  31. Military Rule in Myanmar
  32. To Understand Post-Coup Myanmar, Look to Its History of Popular Resistance not Sanctions
  33. Myanmar Is Still at War, More Than a Year After Military Coup
  34. Myanmar Civil War: Opponents Vow ‘Beginning of the End’ for Junta as Resistance Fighters Launch Nationwide Offensive
  35. Myanmar Civil War (2021–Present)
  36. Myanmar Opposition Announces ‘Defensive War’ Against Junta
  37. Death Toll Rises as Protests in Myanmar Continue
  38. Myanmar Protests, and Killings, Continue
  39. Myanmar: Protesters Defy Rising Death Toll
  40. Myanmar's Military Ruler Declares Himself Prime Minister ...
  41. Deaths Rise as Myanmar Police Step up Brutality Against Coup
  42. Myanmar: Over 100 Killed in Deadliest Day Since Military Coup
  43. Thai Army Denies Supplying Rice to Myanmar Forces
  44. Deaths Rise as Myanmar Police Step up Brutality Against Coup ...
  45. Protests in Myanmar Continue in Face of Military Junta Killings.
  46. The Thai Playbook for Myanmar's Coup Leaders.
  47. The Myanmar Public Fights Not to End Up Like Thailand.
  48. Myanmar Junta Leader Asks Thai Counterpart for Help on ...
  49. Myanmar Police and Military Kill at Least 18 People after Opening Fire on Protesters.
  50. 'Myanmar Is Like a Battlefield': UN Says at least 18 Dead as Security Forces Fire on Protesters
  51. U.S. Warns Myanmar's Military It'll be Punished for Coup
  52. Myanmar’s Troubled History: Coups, Military Rule, and Ethnic Conflict
  53. Myanmar: Military Coup Kills Fragile Democracy
  54. Glaring Glimpse into Myanmar Military’s Self-delusion
  55. Myanmar's Military Takes Power in Coup, Detains Suu Kyi
  56. Myanmar Coup: Calls for Aung San Suu Kyi Release
  57. Myanmar Coup: What Is Happening and Why?
  58. Myanmar: China, the Coup and the Future
  59. Myanmar Coup: China Blocks UN Condemnation as Protest Grow
  60. Beijing's Position on the Myanmar Coup
  61. China's Role in Myanmar Coup
  62. Myanmar Coup Response by China, Thailand more Muted
  63. As Myanmar Protesters Torch Chinese Factories, Workers Are Caught in Spiraling Crisis
  64. Anti-China Outrage Pulls Beijing into Myanmar Coup Crisis
  65. Recurring Coups in Myanmar and Thailand: Military as Monarchy and the Military-Monarchy Nexus.
  66. Rohingya Refugees, Workers Raise Funds to Help Ethnic Rakhines Displaced by War
  67. Myanmar Rohingya Crisis
  68. Burma: Widespread Rape of Rohingya Women, Girls
  69. The Mass Rape of Rohingya Muslim Women: An All-Out War Against All Women
  70. Rohingya Crisis in Myanmar
  71. The Rohingya Crisis, Explained
  72. Myanmar's Rohingya Refugee Crisis Explained
  73. The Rohingya Crisis | CNN
  74. Rohingya Crisis and Emergency
  75. Rohingya Genocide
  76. Politics of Myanmar
  77. Political, Economic and Social Challenges for Myanmar
  78. Myanmar Has Blazed a Path to Democracy Without Rights
  79. Myanmar: A Political Economy Analysis
  80. Myanmar: The Military Regime's View of the World
  81. World Report 2020: Myanmar | Human Rights Watch
  82. U.S. Policy Towards Burma
  83. U.S. Sanctions on Burma
  84. Burma's April Parliamentary By-Elections
  85. U.S. Sanctions on Burma
  86. Aung San Suu Kyi, Long a Symbol of Dignified Defiance, Sounds a Provocative Note
  87. U.S. Senator Meets Suu Kyi, Myanmar Junta Leader
  88. The Untold Love Story of Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi
  89. The Lady & the General - Meet the Political Odd Couple Driving Democratic Reform in Burma.
  90. Burma's Political Prisoners and U.S. Sanctions
  91. Burma's 2010 Election Campaign: Issues for Congress
  92. Burma's 2010 Elections: Implications of the New Constitution and Election Laws
  93. Burma and Transnational Crime
  94. Burma - U.S. Relations
  95. Burma: Economic Sanctions
  96. Aung San Suu Kyi: The Democracy Icon Who Fell from Grace.
  97. Myanmar: Thai State-Owned Company Funds Junta
  98. Thai PM Tells UN Envoy He Won't Push Back Myanmar Refugees
  99. Myanmar’s Junta Tries to Follow the Thailand Model for Legitimizing Its Rule — But Is Unlikely to Succeed
  100. The Thai Playbook for Myanmar's Coup Leaders
  101. The Myanmar Public Fights Not to End Up Like Thailand
  102. Thailand and Myanmar: A Bond in Dictatorship and Dissent
  103. Thai Opposition Party Struggles to Take Power After Election Win
  104. Thailand in Limbo as Move Forward’s Electoral Impetus Hits Political Roadblocks
  105. Snares and Traps: Thai Politics After the May 2023 Election
  106. Intrigue, Uncertainty in Thailand After Opposition's Election Win
  107. Thailand Election Results 2023: Voters Back Pro-Democracy Parties in Major Blow to Military Rule
  108. Thailand Targets Pro-Democracy Protesters in Sweeping Legal Dragnet (2/1/2021)
  109. Human Rights Watch World Report: Thailand 2020 - 2018
  110. Demands for Democratic Reform Surge in Thailand
  111. American Hotel Guest in Thailand Arrested & Jailed for Defamation After Posting Bad Online Reviews.
  112. Police in Bangkok Use Water Cannon to Break Up Anti-Government Protests.
  113. US Man Faces Jail in Thailand over Hotel Review.
  114. Thailand: Authorities Using Repressive Laws to Intensify Crackdown on Online Critics
  115. Thailand: 3 Junta Critics Charged with Sedition over Facebook Posts
  116. Protests Take on Thailand's Monarchy.
  117. Militarization of Politics in Myanmar and Thailand
  118. Thailand: Visit of King's Estranged Sons Comes at a Delicate Time for Monarchy
  119. Thailand Protests: The Monarchy Was Long Considered God
  120. Thailand Protests: Risking It All to Challenge the Monarchy
  121. Thailand Protests: Unprecedented Revolt Pits the People Against the King
  122. Thailand Protests: Scores Injured as Police Clash with Pro-Democracy Activists in 2021
  123. Thailand: Is Royal Reform a Far-fetched Dream?
  124. Thailand Doles Out Longest-Ever Sentence for Criticizing Royalty
  125. Thailand Revives Law Banning Criticism of King in Bid to Curb Protests
  126. Thai Man Jailed for Record 50 Years for Royal Insult
  127. Man Jailed for Record 50 Years for Criticising Thai Monarchy
  128. Court in Thailand Sentences Woman to 43 Years for Criticizing Monarchy
  129. Thai Woman Jailed for Record 43 Years for Criticising Monarchy
  130. Thai Lawyer Who Called for Monarchy Reform Sentenced to More Jail Time
  131. The Crisis of the Thai Monarchy
  132. The Playboy King of Thailand Isn’t Playing Around
  133. Unprecedented Open Criticism of King Aired at Thai Protest
  134. Everything We Know About Thailand's King Maha Vajiralongkorn
  135. The King and His Cult: Thailand's Monarch and the Religious Culture
  136. The History of Thailand's Royal Family
  137. Meet the Thai Royal Family Today
  138. Chaiyo! King Vajiravudh and the Development of Thai Nationalism
  139. The Future of the Monarchy in Thailand
  140. The Monarchy in Thailand: At the Critical Royal Transition
  141. To Speak Out Is Dangerous: Criminalization of Peaceful Expression in Thailand
  142. The Thai King Is Consolidating Power — and It Could Backfire
  143. Asian Democracies and Thailand’s Military Takeover
  144. Militarization of Politics in Myanmar and Thailand
  145. Thailand: from Coup to Crisis
  146. Thai Students Protest Military, Monarchy.
  147. Thai Students Protest the Military.
  148. Wanchalearm Satsaksit: The Thai Satirist Abducted in Broad Daylight.
  149. COVID-19 and a Possible Political Reckoning in Thailand
  150. Politics in Thailand and Its Military Strength
  151. Thai Protests in 2020.
  152. “To Speak Out is Dangerous” - The Criminalization of Peaceful Expression in Thailand.
  153. Thailand: The State of Conflict and Violence in Asia
  154. Thailand Human Rights| Human Rights Watch.
  155. Thailand: Never Saw It Coming.
  156. Thailand and the Coup Trap.
  157. Coup Politics in Thailand - Twentieth Time Lucky?.
  158. Protests Against Thailand Coup.
  159. Thailand in Crisis.
  160. Are Thais Getting the Dictators They Deserve?
  161. Understanding Thailand's Monarchy Problem
  162. Thai Junta Leader Seeks to Replace Martial Law With Sweeping New Powers.
  163. Thailand's Military Junta Impeaches and Bans Former Prime Minister Yingluck.
  164. Thailand and the Coup Trap.
  165. Thai Junta Shows No Signs of Halting Assault on Human Rights.
  166. Crucial Facts About Human Rights in Thailand.
  167. Political Turmoil in Thailand and U.S. Interests
  168. Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations
  169. Thailand's Junta's 'Reforms' May Herald a Return to Older Ways.
  170. Thailand's Political Future - Changing of the Garb.
  171. In Junta-Ruled Thailand, Reading Is Now Resistance.
  172. Thai Junta Moves to Tighten Its Grip over the Country.
  173. Thai Army Detains Former PM Yingluck.
  174. Thailand's Army Criticized for 'De Facto Coup'.
  175. Thailand Coup: A Cheat Sheet to Get You up to Speed.
  176. Thailand's Military Seizes Power in Coup.
  177. Thai Military Leader: Junta Will Hold Power ‘Indefinitely’
  178. Behind Thailand’s Coup Is a Fight Over the King and his Successor. But It’s Hush-hush.
  179. Thai Anti-Government Protesters Call for Fair Process to Replace Ousted Prime Minister
  180. Amnesty International Thailand Chair and Other Activists Face Jail for Exposing Torture
  181. Confined to a Thai Fishing Boat, for Three Years
  182. Vietnamese Refugees Brave Seas and Thai Pirates ...
  183. Thai Pirates Plaguing Vietnamese Refugees
  184. Thai Fishermen Again Brutalizing Vietnam Refugees ...
  185. Thai Pirates Continuing Brutal Attacks on Vietnamese Boat People
  186. Pirates in Southeast Asia: The World's Most Dangerous Waters
  187. Was Your Seafood Caught By Slaves (in Thailand)? AP Uncovers Unsavory Trade
  188. AP Investigation Prompts Emergency Rescue of 300 Plus Slaves (in Thailand)
  189. AP Investigation (in Thailand): Are Slaves Catching the Fish You Buy?
  190. Thailand Country Report (2020)
  191. Thai Workers Against Dictatorship?
  192. Thailand 'Run Against Dictatorship' Draws Thousands
  193. Thailand: Modern Slavery Industry!
  194. Criminalization of Peaceful Expression in Thailand
  195. Thailand's Military Dictatorship Lives On
  196. Military Coup and Democracy in Thailand
  197. Thailand: "They Are Always Watching" - Restricting freedom of Expression Online
  198. Thailand: Freedom on the Net
  199. Timeline: Thailand's Coups, Kings and Protests
  200. Democracy Dreams: A Pedagogy of Struggle in Thailand
  201. Dictatorship, Monarchy, and Freedom of Expression in Thailand
  202. Yingluck Shinawatra, Thailand's First Female Prime Minister
  203. Brutal Pirates Increasingly Plague Vietnamese Refugees at Sea
  204. Horrible Statistics of Thai Pirates vs Vietnamese Refugees
  205. Pirates in the Gulf of Siam
  206. Asia’s Great Powers and Regional Stability: A New Trilateral Dynamic Between the U.S, China, and Japan.
  207. Contingency Planning Memorandum - A China-Vietnam Military Clash.
  208. Troubles on the Mekong
  209. Will China Turn Off the Mekong Tap?
  210. Damming the Mekong Basin to Environmental Hell
  211. Philippines Places Buoys in Parts of S.China Sea to Assert Sovereignty
  212. World Report 2023: Philippines | Human Rights Watch
  213. Journalists, Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov, Known for Taking on Governments of Philippines and Russia Win Nobel Peace Prize
  214. Philippines’ "War on Drugs".
  215. Philippines: Rodrigo Duterte and the Culture of Impunity.
  216. Philippine Politics Under Duterte: A Midterm Assessment.
  217. The Republic of the Philippines and U.S. Interests
  218. The Bloody Business of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte.
  219. In the Philippines, Poverty and Corruption Fuel the Drug Trade.
  220. An Analysis of Philippine Political Economy under Duterte.
  221. Things to Know About Rodrigo Duterte.
  222. Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda): U.S. and International Response to Philippines Disaster
  223. Politics and Policing in the Philippines: Challenges to Police Reform
  224. Participation of Women in Philippine Politics and Society: A Situationer
  225. Democratic Deficits in the Philippines: Issues and Challenges
  226. Sri Lanka: Background and U.S. Relations
  227. Politics of Singapore
  228. Singapore: Freedom in the World 2021 Country Report
  229. Singapore’s First Election Under the Fake News Law
  230. Singapore's Stubborn Authoritarianism | Harvard Politics
  231. The Puzzle of Singapore
  232. Is Singapore a Democracy or Dictatorship?
  233. Singapore Challenges the Idea That Democracy Is the Best Form of Governance
  234. Is Singapore’s Prime Minister Really Overpaid? (USD $1.6 million/Year).
  235. Singapore's PM Ranks World’s Highest-paid Leader.
  236. Singapore: Background and U.S. Relations
  237. The US - Singapore Free Trade Agreement
  238. Singapore Fake News Law a 'Disaster' for Freedom of Speech.
  239. Human Rights in Singapore
  240. Freedom of Expression and the Media in Singapore
  241. Suppression of Free Expression and Assembly in Singapore.
  242. Singapore Human Rights and Freedom of Expression Issues.
  243. Van Gogh and Monet Paintings Seized in 1MDB Corruption Investigation.
  244. 1MDB Scandal: Singapore Uncovers Lapses at DBS, UBS, Standard Chartered.
  245. UBS, Standard Chartered Targeted by Singapore for 1MDB Lapses.
  246. 1MDB: The Inside Story of the World's Biggest Financial Scandal.
  247. Malaysia Corruption Scandal, 1MDB & Najib Razak Latest News.
  248. Malaysia Invokes British Colonial-era Law to Silence Critics.
  249. Political Corruption in Malaysia.
  250. Malaysia Premier Najib Under Fire: What You Need to Know.
  251. Arrests at Rally Calling for Najib's Resignation.
  252. Saudi Royals Gave Malaysia's PM $681 Million
  253. Saudi Gift ($681M) to Malaysia PM Najib Razak 'for Election Campaign'
  254. Malaysia Attorney General: Saudi Royal Family Gave Najib $681M 'Personal Donation'
  255. Malaysia’s Leader, Najib Razak, Faces U.S. Corruption Inquiry.
  256. Malaysian Prime Minister Engulfed by Multi-billion Dollar Scandal.
  257. A Study of Democracy and the Political Change in Malaysia
  258. Malaysia: Political Transition and Implications for U.S. Policy
  259. China and India Border Crisis.
  260. Timor-Leste: Political Dynamics, Development, and International Involvement
  261. Political Outlook for Cambodia.
  262. Cambodia: Hun Sen and His Abusive Generals | Human Rights Watch.
  263. Cambodia Corruption Report
  264. Exiles Seek Global Scrutiny of Cambodia Political Crackdown.
  265. From Khmer Rouge to Khmer Riche: Is Hun Sen ... Grip on Cambodia’s Corrupt Politics?
  266. Corruption and Cambodia's Governance System
  267. Threats and Corruption: Behind the Scenes of Cambodia's ...
  268. In Cambodia, Dissenting Voters Find Ways to Say ‘None of the Above’.
  269. Cambodian Mass Trial Against Government Opponents Reopens.
  270. Cambodia’s Political Succession Could Get Messy.
  271. US Envoy Conveys Concerns to Cambodia About Myanmar, China.
  272. The Belt and Road in Cambodia: Successes and Challenges
  273. Cambodia Prime Minister Hun Sen Challenges U.S. to Cut all Aid to Cambodia.
  274. Cambodian Opposition Party Dissolved by Supreme Court Amid Calls for Australia to Act.
  275. Cambodia Accused of 'Killing Off Democracy' After Opposition Party.
  276. Cambodia PM Threatens Facebook Ban After Posts Ruled Violent
  277. Is Cambodia Really Becoming a Dictatorship?
  278. Cambodia Top Court Dissolves main Opposition CNRP Party
  279. 'Death of Democracy' in Cambodia as Court Dissolves Opposition.
  280. Cambodia: The Birth of a Dictator.
  281. 'Stranglehold': Hun Sen Rules Cambodia and His Family Own It.
  282. Hun Sen, Cambodian Prime Minister, Amassed Huge Secret Fortune.
  283. The Cambodia Conundrum: What Is Wrong With Hun Sen?.
  284. Cambodia, a Nominal Democracy, Lurches Toward Full-Blown Dictatorship
  285. Cambodia Completes Its Slide from Democracy to Dictatorship
  286. Cambodian Dictatorship Propped Up by 12 Ruthless Generals
  287. Cambodian PM Now 'Fully Fledged Military Dictator'
  288. Cambodia Opposition: Democracy Replaced by 'Dictatorship'
  289. Cambodia’s Descent: Policies to Support Democracy and Human Rights”
  290. Cambodia: Freedom of Expression and the Case of Rap Artist Kea Sokun
  291. Cambodia Should End Threats, Arrests of Activists Who Marked Anniversary of Paris Accords
  292. China Supports Cambodia's Crackdown on Political Opposition
  293. Cambodia: 30 Years of Hun Sen Violence, Repression.
  294. Cambodia's Foreign Relations Losing the Limelight.
  295. Is Cambodia Overly Dependent on China?
  296. Cambodia’s Disastrous Dependence on China: A History Lesson
  297. US Orders Arms Embargo on Cambodia, Cites Chinese Influence.
  298. New US Embargo on Cambodia Over Friendship with China.
  299. Underwater: Human Rights Impacts of a China Belt and Road Project in Cambodia
  300. U.S.-Cambodia Relations: Issues for the 113th Congress
  301. Cambodia: Background and U.S. Relations
  302. Henry Kissinger’s Central Role in the U.S. Carpet Bombing of Cambodia
  303. Hostile Takeover: Cambodia’s Hun Sen, in Power for 30 Years and Vast Personal Fortunes with Extreme Consequences for the Population.
  304. Cambodian Opposition Figure’s Killing Recalls Darker Times
  305. Cambodia Is a Deadly Political Mess That the World Completely Ignores
  306. Strongman Hun Sen Has Cambodia’s Economy ‘Sewn Up,’ Says Report
  307. The Rise and Fall of Democratic Kampuchea
  308. The Killing of Cambodia
  309. Surviving the Killing Fields - The Long-term Consequences of the Khmer Rouge
  310. The Cambodian Genocide, 1975-1979
  311. Cambodian Genocide and Killing Fields
  312. Inside the 'Living Hell' of Cambodia's Scam Operations
  313. Foreign Casinos Have Been a Disaster for Cambodia
  314. Dams, Casinos and Concessions - Chinese Mega-projects in Laos and Cambodia
  315. Gambling on the Future: Casino Enclaves, Development, and Poverty Alleviation in Laos
  316. China’s Promise of Prosperity Brought Laos Debt — and Distress
  317. Laos Is Not in a Chinese ‘Debt Trap’ – But It Is in Trouble
  318. 'I feel hopeless': Living in Laos on the Brink
  319. Laos Economic Crisis Intensifies Amid Massive Debt
  320. The Political Economy of Transition in Laos
  321. Lao People's Democratic Republic
  322. Politics of Laos
  323. Thai Protests Inspire Rare Online Government Criticism in Neighboring Laos
  324. UN Finally Tells the Truth About Laos
  325. Human Rights in Laos.
  326. Laos: Freedom in the World Country Report
  327. Laos: Background and U.S. Relations
  328. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Laos
  329. Politics and Reform in the Lao People's Democratic Republic
  330. Lao Christians Arrested, Held in Jail for Planning Funeral Rites
  331. Laos Grilled on Disappearances, Speech Curbs at UN Rights Meeting
  332. Laos: An Overview of Human Rights Violations
  333. Shinzo Abe, Former Prime Minister of Japan, Dies After Being Shot at Campaign Event
  334. July 8, 2022 Shinzo Abe Shot Dead in Nara, Japan
  335. Shinzo Abe's Assassin Used a Handmade Firearm
  336. Japan's Former PM Shinzo Abe Assassinated at Campaign Event.
  337. Japan-China Tensions Rise, the Remote Yonaguni Island Ramps up Defenses
  338. Shangri-La Dialogue: Japan PM Abe Urges Security Role.
  339. The Japanese Surprise Attack They Didn’t Teach You in School
  340. Emerging Trends in the Security Architecture in Asia: Bilateral and Multilateral Ties Among the United States, Japan, Australia, and India
  341. Japan Joins the Trans-Pacific Partnership: What Are the Implications?
  342. The Coming Conflict Between China and Japan
  343. Japan's Currency Intervention: Policy Issues
  344. Japan's Defense Minister Draws Red Line Around Disputed Islands
  345. Is China Escalating Tensions With Japan in the East China Sea?
  346. U.S.-Japan Economic Relations: Significance, Prospects, and Policy Options
  347. Japan - U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress
  348. Second Sino-Japanese War: Summary, Combatants, Facts, & Map
  349. Japan's 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami: Food and Agriculture Implications
  350. Japan's 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami: Economic Effects and Implications for the United States
  351. Japan 2011 Earthquake: U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) Response
  352. Japan's Historic 2009 Elections: Implications for U.S. Interests
  353. Japan's Political Turmoil in 2008: Background and Implications for the United States
  354. Japan Steps Out of US' Shadow as China Threat Grows
  355. The US - Japan Alliance
  356. Brief Historical Overview of Japanese Emigration, 1868-1998
  357. Japan’s Self-Destructive Immigration Policy
  358. As Its Population Ages, Japan Quietly Turns to Immigration
  359. Political Corruption in Japan
  360. Corruption, Leadership, and the Limits of Political Reform in Japan
  361. Power and Money in Japanese Politics
  362. Japan: Bribery & Corruption Laws and Regulations
  363. Resolved: Japan Is Entering a Period of Political Instability
  364. Japan - Political Developments
  365. Politics of Japan and Its Military Strength
  366. Women in Afghanistan | Wikipedia
  367. Women in Afghanistan
  368. Treatment of Women by the Taliban
  369. Taliban Order Afghanistan's Hair and Beauty Salons to Shut
  370. Taliban Ban Women from Parks and Funfairs in Afghan Capital
  371. Taliban Ban Women from Parks and Gyms in Afghanistan
  372. Taliban’s Ban on Girls’ Education in Afghanistan
  373. Taliban Ban Girls from Secondary Education in Afghanistan
  374. Banned from Schools, Afghan Girls Fear for Their Future
  375. Taliban Suspend University Education for Women in Afghanistan
  376. Afghanistan: Toll of Ban on Girls’ Secondary Education
  377. Taliban Begins to Enforce Education Ban, Leaving Afghan Women With Tears and Anger
  378. Fighting the Taliban’s Ban on Girls’ Education: What Is Lost When We Shut Girls out of School?
  379. Taliban to Impose Their Interpretation of Sharia Law in Afghanistan
  380. Afghan Supreme Leader Orders Full Implementation of Sharia Law
  381. Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy
  382. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance
  383. Afghanistan: U.S. Rule of Law and Justice Sector Assistance
  384. Taliban
  385. Taliban, Northern Alliance Agree Not to Attack each Other: Sources
  386. War in Afghanistan: Strategy, Military Operations, and Issues for Congress
  387. United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan: Background and Policy Issues
  388. Understanding the Taliban’s Military Victory
  389. War in Afghanistan (2001–2021) | Wikipedia
  390. United States Invasion of Afghanistan | Wikipedia
  391. The War In Afghanistan
  392. Afghanistan: Lessons from the Last War
  393. NATO and Afghanistan
  394. EU Involvement in Afghanistan
  395. Timeline of U.S. Withdrawal from Afghanistan
  396. A Timeline of US Involvement in Afghanistan
  397. Afghanistan: Demographic Consequences of War, 1978-1987
  398. Countries Participating in the War in Afghanistan
  399. Agreement for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan ...
  400. Human and Budgetary Costs of Afghan War, 2001-2021.
  401. Afghanistan Video: Key Scenes from the Taliban's Swift Victory.
  402. Afghanistan: Iran Pays $1,000 for each U.S. Soldier Killed by the Taliban
  403. Afghanistan: Operation Enduring Freedom Fast Facts
  404. In Afghanistan, al-Qaeda Is Working more Closely with the Taliban, Pentagon Says
  405. Red on Red: Analyzing Afghanistan's Intra-Insurgency Violence – Combating Terrorism Center at West Point
  406. Recently Publicized Ties Between Iran and the Taliban Could Affect U.S.-Taliban Talks
  407. Afghanistan: Top Pentagon Officials Say Russian Bounty Program Not Corroborated
  408. China Offered Afghan Militants Bounties to Attack US Soldiers
  409. Afghanistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance
  410. Afghanistan Conflict (1978–Present)
  411. The U.S. and Democratization in Afghanistan
  412. Afghanistan, the United States, and the Legacy of Afghanistan’s Civil War
  413. An American Provocation: U.S. Foreign Policy during the Soviet-Afghanistan War
  414. Afghanistan Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict Reports
  415. Afghan Refugees: Current Status and Future Prospects
  416. New Offer on Bin Laden
  417. Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy
  418. The Afghanistan War and the Breakdown of the Soviet Union
  419. The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan and the U.S. Response, 1978–1980
  420. Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZs), H.R. 1318/H.R. 1886/H.R. 2410 and S. 496: Issues and Arguments
  421. Pervez Musharraf’s Pro-Taliban Afghan Policy Proved Double-edged Sword for Pakistan
  422. Islamist Militancy in the Pakistan-Afghanistan Border Region and U.S. Policy
  423. The Afghan-Pakistan Conflict
  424. The Afghanistan-Pakistan War
  425. East Asia's Foreign Exchange Rate Policies
  426. East Asian Regional Architecture: New Economic and Security Arrangements and U.S. Policy
  427. Bangladesh Apparel Factory Collapse: Background in Brief
  428. Bangladesh Military (Thief): A History of Coup, Corruption, Rape And Torture
  429. Bangladesh: Political and Strategic Developments and U.S. Interests
  430. Bangladesh: Background and U.S. Relations
  431. Bangladesh Turns 50 as Fears Grow over State of Democracy
  432. Military Coups in Bangladesh
  433. Is Bangladesh Heading Towards Disaster?
  434. Bangladesh Deadly Polls
  435. Violent Bangladesh Elections
  436. Democracy and Political Parties in Bangladesh
  437. Bangladeshi Political Crisis: 2006–2008
  438. Bangladesh: The Coup that Dare Not Speak Its Name
  439. Bangladesh: General Moeen Purge 1/11 Key Players in Power Struggle to Regain Supremacy
  440. Renewed Violence Hits Bangladesh - 12 Killed, 2,000 Hurt
  441. Political Conflict, Extremism and Criminal Justice in Bangladesh
  442. Bangladesh Election Crackdown on Political Opponents
  443. Islam in Bangladesh Politics
  444. Bangladesh Politics: Confrontation, Monopoly and Crisis in Governance
  445. Bangladesh | Human Rights Watch
  446. Islamist Extremism in Bangladesh
  447. Bangladesh: Politics, Economy and Civil Society
  448. Politics of Bangladesh and Its Military Strength
  449. Bangladesh Profile - Timeline
  450. Bangladesh - Government and Society
  451. Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests
  452. Central Asia's Security: Issues and Implications for U.S. Interests
  453. East Timorese Politics in Flux
  454. List of Political Parties in East Timor
  455. East Timor Political Parties and Groupings
  456. East Timor: Political Dynamics, Development, and International Involvement
  457. East Timor: Potential Issues for Congress
  458. Extent of Public Corruption in Timor-Leste
  459. The Alarming Nature of Corruption in Timor-Leste
  460. Politics of East Timor
  461. Fighting Corruption With Spiritual Power in East Timor
  462. East Timor Profile - Timeline
  463. East Timor: History, Independence, Flag, & Facts
  464. Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments
  465. The Curse that No Pakistan Ruler Has Ever Escaped
  466. Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan's Ex-president, Dies Aged 79
  467. Military Coups in Pakistan
  468. Major Islamist Militant Groups in Pakistan
  469. Pakistan's Domestic Political Setting
  470. Pakistan’s Narrative Problem
  471. Current Political Scenario in Pakistan
  472. Political Instability: A Case Study of Pakistan
  473. Pakistani Mullah Accused of Trying to Frame Young Girl in Blasphemy Case.
  474. U.S.-Pakistan Relations Are at a Crossroads
  475. Flooding in Pakistan: Overview and Issues for Congress
  476. Under Biden, Pakistan and the US Face a Dilemma About the Breadth of their Relationship
  477. Security and the Environment in Pakistan
  478. The Current Situation in Pakistan
  479. Pakistan and Russia Are Shaping New Era of Strategic Relationship
  480. Pakistan-Russia Relations and Its Importance in the Region
  481. History of Relationship Between Russia and Pakistan
  482. Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy
  483. Pakistan's Scheduled 2008 Election: Background
  484. Pakistan's Political Crises
  485. Pakistan: Key Current Issues and Developments
  486. Pakistan-U.S. Relations
  487. Pakistan: U.S.-Pakistan Relations
  488. Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance
  489. Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements
  490. Pakistan: Significant Recent Events, March 26 - June 21, 2007
  491. Major U.S. Arms Sales and Grants to Pakistan Since 2001
  492. Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015
  493. Pakistan and Terrorism: A Summary
  494. Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
  495. Pakistan: A Political History and Its Military Strength
  496. Pakistan's Domestic Political Developments
  497. Pakistan-U.S. Anti-Terrorism Cooperation
  498. Nuclear Threat Reduction Measures for India and Pakistan
  499. Amnesty International to Cease Work in India, Citing Government Harassment
  500. Shared Honor Rekindles Hope for India-Pakistan Peace.
  501. As World Rebukes Russia, India Tries to Stay Above the Fray
  502. U.S. Charges Indian National in Alleged Murder-for-Hire Plot of Sikh Separatist
  503. U.S. Intelligence Officials Push India to Prosecute Those Behind Sikh Assassination plot in U.S.
  504. U.S. Indictment Alleges Multiple Indian Assassination Plots Across North America
  505. India Faces Questions About Another Reported Foreign Assassination Plot
  506. Canada and India Are Enmeshed in an Unprecedented Diplomatic Row. Here’s How It Happened
  507. Canada Is Seeking More Cooperation from India in Light of US Allegations
  508. Canada Has Indian Diplomats' Communications in Bombshell Murder Probe
  509. Western Intelligence Led to Canada Accusing India of Sikh Activist’s Assassination
  510. India: Arrests of Activists Politically Motivated
  511. India: End Bias in Prosecuting Delhi Violence
  512. World Report 2020: India | Human Rights Watch
  513. India: Growing Crackdown on Activists, Critics
  514. India: Mounting Human Rights Abuses
  515. Caste Discrimination in India
  516. U.S.-India Security Relations: Strategic Issues
  517. India - U.S. Security Relations: Current Engagement
  518. Social Issues in India
  519. India-China Dispute: The Border Row ...
  520. The Challenge of a Two-Front War: India’s China-Pakistan Dilemma
  521. Emerging Global Issues: The China-India Boundary Crisis and Its Implications
  522. China vs India: 16 Major Differences (Which is Better?)
  523. India’s Relations with China: The Good, the Bad and the (Potentially) Ugly
  524. Economic Impact of India-China Conflict: Why There Won't Be Just One Loser
  525. Social Problems in India and China - A Comparison
  526. India's Domestic Political Setting
  527. India–Russia Relations | Wikipedia
  528. India-Russia Relations
  529. Top Indian Diplomat Explains Russia’s Importance to India
  530. India-Russia Relations and Implications for U.S. Interests
  531. India - U.S. Economic and Trade Relations
  532. India - U.S. Economic Relations
  533. India: Chronology of Recent Events
  534. Indian Politics and Society Since Independence: Events, Processes and Ideology
  535. India: Domestic Issues, Strategic Dynamics, and U.S. Relations
  536. Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunamis: Food Aid Needs and the U.S. Response
  537. Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations
  538. Overview of Corruption and Anti-Corruption Efforts in India
  539. Political Governance System and Corruption in India
  540. Corruption in India.
  541. Corruption in India: A Violation of Human Rights Promoting Transparency and the Right to Good Governance
  542. Corruption in India: Bridging Research Evidence and Policy Options
  543. Corruption in India: Nature, Causes, Consequences and Cure
  544. Corruption in India: Bridging Research Evidence and Policy Options
  545. Human Rights and India's Struggle Against Corruption
  546. Understanding Political Corruption in Indian Politics
  547. Corruption in India: 'All Your Life You Pay for Things that Should Be Free'.
  548. U.S.-India Security Relations: Strategic Issues
  549. India and Canada Relations: The Long Road to Recovery
  550. India Shocked After Canada Removes Khalistan from Its Report on Terror Threats
  551. India-U.S. Security Relations: Current Engagement
  552. India: Society and Politics
  553. India's Domestic Political Setting
  554. India-U.S. Economic and Trade Relations
  555. India-U.S. Economic Relations
  556. A Sampling of Public Opinion in India
  557. India: Chronology of Recent Events
  558. Political Corruption In India
  559. Politics of India and Its Military Strength
  560. India: Domestic Issues, Strategic Dynamics, and U.S. Relations
  561. India - Government and Politics
  562. Indonesia: Domestic Politics, Strategic Dynamics, and American Interests
  563. Indonesia in ‘3D’. Development, Dictatorship and Democracy
  564. Indonesia-Russia Strategic Partnership in Southeast Asia Region
  565. Indonesian Elections
  566. As Russia Faces Colder Relations With West, Indonesia Opens a Door
  567. Russian-Indonesian Relations Grow Stronger Amid Geopolitical Instability
  568. Indonesia-Russia Relationship Increase in Various Fields
  569. Russia Indonesia Relations
  570. Corruption in Indonesia.
  571. Corruption Challenges Indonesia's Government.
  572. Indonesia: Domestic Politics, Strategic Dynamics, and American Interests
  573. Indonesia: 4 Years in Jail for Singing.
  574. Indonesia in ‘3D’. Development, Dictatorship and Democracy.
  575. Indonesia Executions: Brazil and Dutch Envoys Recalled.
  576. Indonesia’s Execution of Foreigners Prompts Diplomatic Storm.
  577. Politics in Indonesia: Resilient Elections, Defective Democracy
  578. Politics of Indonesia and Its Military Strength
  579. Mongolia: Freedom in the World 2022 Country Report
  580. Mongolia: Politics and Protests in 2023
  581. Politics of Mongolia and Its Military Strength
  582. U.S. Relations With Mongolia
  583. In Mongolia, Proposed Legislation Endangers Civil Society
  584. Mongolia - Reform and the Birth of Democracy
  585. Political Culture of Mongolia: Tradition & Modernity
  586. Mongolia - Government and Society
  587. Mongolia: Issues for Congress
  588. Mongolia and U.S. Policy: Political and Economic Relations
  589. Nepal Plunges into Crisis
  590. Nepal Politics and Its Military Strength
  591. Nepali Politics - 20 Mysterious Things Happened Ever in Politics of Nepal
  592. China Wades Into Nepal’s Political Crisis
  593. Politics of Nepal - Reasons Why People Hate Nepali Politicians
  594. Nepal: Political Developments and Bilateral Relations with the United States
  595. Nepal: Background and U.S. Relations
  596. The All-Natural Death of Sri Lanka
  597. Sri Lanka's Economic Crisis, Explained
  598. Sri Lanka Opposition Meets to Install New Gov't Amid Turmoil
  599. Sri Lanka’s President Has Not Surfaced After Report of Resignation
  600. Sri Lankan PM Agrees to Quit Amid Biggest Political Turmoil
  601. Turmoil in Sri Lanka as Thousands Protest
  602. Sri Lanka Protesters Break into President's House as Thousands Rally
  603. Sri Lanka: Justice Under Attack
  604. Sri Lanka Is in Chaos and Its President Has Fled
  605. Sri Lanka Extends State of Emergency as Police Round up Protest Leaders
  606. US, Sri Lanka Discuss Human Rights Issue
  607. Sri Lanka Jails Former Minister for Saying Judges Are Corrupt
  608. Sri Lanka Seeks Negotiated Settlement with India
  609. Work Begins Railways Connecting North and South Korea.
  610. U.S.-South Korea Relations
  611. Politics of South Korea
  612. South Korean Politics
  613. Electoral Politics in South Korea
  614. After an Electoral Loss, Will South Korea's President Change His Policies
  615. The Politics of South Korea's 'China Threat'
  616. Liberal Forces Strengthen Grip on South Korean Politics
  617. Young South Korean Men Turn Against Moon Ahead of 2022
  618. Economic and Political Outline South Korea
  619. South Korea Politics & Policy and and Its Military Strength
  620. South Korea and Singapore: Economic and Political Freedom
  621. U.S. and South Korean Cooperation in the World Nuclear Energy Market: Major Policy Considerations
  622. Trade Promotion Authority and the Korea Free Trade Agreement
  623. Imports from North Korea: Existing Rules, Implications of the KORUS FTA, and the Kaesong Industrial Complex
  624. The EU-South Korea Free Trade Agreement and Its Implications for the United States
  625. Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement: Potential National Sector-Specific and State Export Effects
  626. The Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Automobile Rules of Origin
  627. Dispute Settlement in the Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA)
  628. Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement and Potential Employment Effects: Analysis of Studies
  629. The U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implications
  630. The Proposed South Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA)
  631. Korea - U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress
  632. Non-Governmental Organizations' Activities in North Korea
  633. North Korea: Legislative Basis for U.S. Economic Sanctions
  634. Congress and U.S. Policy on North Korean Human Rights and Refugees: Recent Legislation and Implementation
  635. North Korea's Abduction of Japanese Citizens and the Six-Party Talks
  636. The Kaesong North-South Korean Industrial Complex
  637. North Korean Crime-for-Profit Activities
  638. Kim Jong-il's Death: Implications for North Korea's Stability and U.S. Policy
  639. North Korea: Back on the Terrorism List?
  640. North Korean Counterfeiting of U.S. Currency
  641. Foreign Assistance to North Korea
  642. U.S. Assistance to North Korea
  643. The Problems of Human Rights in North Korea
  644. North Korea: Economic Leverage and Policy Analysis
  645. Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy
  646. North Korea: A Chronology of Events, October 2002-December 2004
  647. North Korean Provocative Actions, 1950-2007
  648. North Korea: Economic Sanctions
  649. Korea: U.S.-Korean Relations -- Issues for Congress
  650. Understanding the North Korean Regime.
  651. North Korea Facts.
  652. World Report 2023: North Korea | Human Rights Watch
  653. The Collapse of North Korea: A Prospect to Celebrate or Fear?
  654. The North Korea Crisis and Regional Responses.
  655. Marked for Life: Songbun - Human Rights in North Korea
  656. Korea Ranks 39th in Global Corruption Index.
  657. Google Releases Detailed Map of North Korea, Gulags and All.
  658. Life Under Kim Jong Un
  659. North Korea: A Nation Built on Lies.
  660. Beijing Keeps Up Rhetoric Amid Regional Tension.
  661. American and Chinese Warships Narrowly Avoid High-Seas Collision.
  662. Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea.
  663. South China Sea Photos Suggest a Military Building Spree by Beijing.
  664. China, Vietnam, Philippines Collide Amid Escalating South China Sea Tensions.
  665. Ahead of Key Court Ruling, Beijing in Propaganda Overdrive.
  666. China Withdraws Oil Rig from Waters Disputed with Vietnam, but Warns It Could Return.
  667. China’s Rise and Asian Tensions Send U.S. Relations Into Downward Spiral.
  668. China Building Aircraft Runway in Disputed Spratly Islands.
  669. Vietnam-China Row Over South China Sea Plane Landing.
  670. The United States, China, and Taiwan: A Strategy to Prevent War
  671. Taiwan News and Reports | Rand.
  672. China-Taiwan Relations.
  673. In Taiwan, Views of Mainland China Mostly Negative.
  674. China and Taiwan: From Flashpoint to Redefining One China.
  675. G7 Warns China Not to 'Escalate Tensions' with Taiwan Amid Military Threats.
  676. Keep an Eye on Taiwan.
  677. U.S. Warns of China's Growing Threat to Taiwan.
  678. China Issues New Threats to Taiwan: ‘The Island’s Military Won’t Stand a Chance’.
  679. Is Thyere a Solution to the China-Taiwan Quarrel?
  680. The Taiwan Question and Reunification of China
  681. The China-Taiwan Conflict - Ethics vs Economics
  682. Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990
  683. China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities - Background and Issues for Congress
  684. U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues
  685. Unpacking the China-Taiwan Relationship
  686. Managing the China-Taiwan Conflict: Preventing the Taiwan Strait From Becoming a Dire Strait
  687. Taiwan Voices Support for Uyghurs in China.
  688. Taiwan, USA Proceed with F-16V Deal.
  689. Taiwan, Nationalism and Democratization.
  690. Conflict of Law Rules Between China and Taiwan and Their Significance Significance.
  691. China/Taiwan: Evolution of the “One China” Policy—Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei.
  692. The Looming Taiwan Crisis.
  693. Taiwan: Political and Security Issues.
  694. Taiwan: A Risk Analysis through the Lens of Hong Kong.
  695. The United States, China, and Taiwan: A Strategy to Prevent War.
  696. In Taiwan, Another Former President Is Sentenced to Prison.
  697. Taiwan and Diplomatic Allies.
  698. Taiwan's Democracy and the China Challenge.
  699. China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan: A Quantitative Assessment of Real and Financial Integration
  700. Tsai Ing-wen Elected Taiwan's First Female President
  701. Taiwan Elects Its First Female President; China Warns of 'Grave Challenges'
  702. Rising Tension Between China and Taiwan, Explained
  703. The Economic Integration of Taiwan and China and Its Implications for Cross-strait Relations
  704. The Ambitious Dragon: Beijing’s Calculus for Invading Taiwan by 2030
  705. China and Taiwan: A Future of Peace?
  706. Taiwan Elects Its First Female President; China Warns of 'Grave Challenges'
  707. Taiwan’s Presidential Election: What to Know.
  708. Security Implications of Taiwan's Presidential Election
  709. Taiwan's 2008 Presidential Election
  710. Taiwan Plans to Invest in Advanced Arms as China Flexes Its Muscles.
  711. The Taiwan Issue and the Normalization of US-China Relations
  712. China/Taiwan: Evolution of the "One China" Policy - Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei
  713. The Precarious Triangle: China, Taiwan, and United States.
  714. Biden Says US Does Not Support Taiwan’s Independence Following Election
  715. Ruling-Party's Lai Ching-te Wins Taiwan's Presidential Election.
  716. Taiwan: Recent Developments and US Policy Choices
  717. Taiwan, China, and United States Pivot
  718. Political Status of Taiwan and Its Military Strength
  719. Understanding Beijing's Motives Regarding Taiwan, and America's Role
  720. Taiwan's Political Status: Historical Background and Ongoing Implications
  721. China and Taiwan: A Really Simple Guide
  722. Democratic Reforms in Taiwan: Issues for Congress
  723. Taiwan’s Ruling Democratic Progressive Party Wins Third Consecutive Presidential Term as Voters Dismiss China Warnings
  724. Taiwan-U.S. Relations: Developments and Policy Implications
  725. ASEAN Finally Pushes Back on China's Sea Claims.
  726. South China Sea: The Dispute that Could Start a Military Conflict.
  727. International Court Issues Unanimous Award in Philippines v. China Case on South China Sea (7/12/2016).
  728. The Problems in the South China Sea.
  729. US-China Cold War & The South China Sea.
  730. Weighing the Consequences of China's Control Over the South China Sea.
  731. US Could Attack China, Seize Disputed Islands in South China Sea.
  732. South China Sea on Brink of War After World Warned 'China and US Planning for Conflict'.
  733. South China Sea Warning: China's Weapons 'Pointed at Enemies' Amid Conflict Fears.
  734. South China Sea Once Again Becomes a Dangerous Military Flashpoint.
  735. US UN Ambassador Pushes Back on Chinese South China Sea Claims
  736. U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas: Background and Issues for Congress

  737. China: The People’s Liberation Army Navy - New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century.
  738. Everything You Need to Know About Human Rights in China
  739. China and the Mekong River Disputes: Can a New Framework Bring New Compromises?
  740. Is China Taking Advantage of COVID-19 to Pursue South China Sea Ambitions?
  741. Beijing Advances 'Code of Conduct' for South China Sea
  742. Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea | CFR
  743. Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea | AF.edu
  744. China Criticizes US Sanctions over South China Sea Buildup
  745. US Sanctions Chinese Companies Over South China Sea
  746. South China Sea Dispute: China's Pursuit of Resources 'Unlawful', Says US
  747. China's Claims in South China Sea 'Completely Unlawful', Says US
  748. Philippines Summons China Envoy After Water Cannon Incident in Disputed Sea
  749. Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia Reject China's latest South China Sea Map
  750. Vietnam Joins ASEAN Neighbors in Denouncing Chinese Map
  751. Beijing Defiant as Vietnam, Taiwan Join Asian Countries in Rejecting China's New Map
  752. Vietnam, China Embroiled in South China Sea Standoff
  753. Vietnam Rebukes China, Philippines over South China Sea Conduct
  754. China, Vietnam, and the South China Sea: Disputes and Dispute Management
  755. Vietnam’s Strange Ally in Its Fight With China
  756. Rough Waters Ahead for Vietnam-China Relations
  757. Vietnamese Protest an Opening for Chinese Territorial Interests.
  758. Vietnamese See Special Economic Zones as Assault from China.
  759. Are China and Vietnam on the Verge of Another War?
  760. Biden to Sign Strategic Partnership Deal with Vietnam in Latest Bid to Counter China in the Region
  761. Has Vietnam Changed Its Tune on a Diplomatic Upgrade With the US?
  762. With Wary Eye on China, U.S. Moves Closer to Former Foe
  763. A Window of Opportunity to Upgrade US-Vietnam Relations | Brookings
  764. The US-Vietnam Relations in 2020 and Prospects in 2021
  765. Vietnam Human Rights Watch Report
  766. Formosa Steel Owns Up to Toxic Spill, Agrees to Pay Vietnam $500 Million
  767. Vietnam President Resigns Following Blame for Officials' 'Wrongdoing'
  768. Vietnam President Quits Amid Anti-corruption Drive
  769. Vietnam President Nguyen Xuan Phuc Quits Amid Communist Party Corruption Crackdown
  770. China Moves Controversial Oil Rig Back Towards Vietnam Coast (June 26, 2015).
  771. Xi Jinping Meets with Prime Minister of Vietnam Pham Minh Chinh
  772. US, Vietnam to Elevate Ties During Biden Visit, With Eye on China
  773. Vietnam Chases Secret Russian Arms Deal, Even as It Deepens U.S. Ties | The New York Times
  774. Analysis: Vietnam Shifts Gears on Arms Trade as It Loosens Ties with Russia
  775. U.S., Russia Vie to Sell Arms to Vietnam at First Hanoi Fair
  776. Vietnam Eyes Purchase of Israeli Air-defense System
  777. Vietnam Accuses Beijing of 'Seriously Violating' Sovereignty in South China Sea.
  778. Vietnamese Protest Amid Fear of Chinese Investment in Special Economic Zones.
  779. Vietnamese Woman Self-Immolates in Anti-China Protest.
  780. Vietnam Clamps Down On Anti-China Protests After Deadly Riots; China Sends Evacuation Ships.
  781. Vietnam's Anti-China Protests Reflect Grievances Far Beyond China's Rig in South China Sea.
  782. Chinese and Soviet Involvement in Vietnam
  783. China's Involvement in the Vietnam War, 1964–69.
  784. In 1979, China Was Crushed in a War with Vietnam. What Happened?
  785. Oil and Gas Fueling South China Sea Tensions.
  786. Anti-China Protests in Vietnam Set to Aggravate Tensions with China.
  787. Barbie Movie Gets Vietnam Ban Over South China Sea Map
  788. Pentagon Unsure Whether China Has Stopped Spratlys Work.
  789. Vietnam Opposes Taiwanese Leader’s Visit to Truong Sa (Spratlys).
  790. A China-Vietnam Military Clash.
  791. Vietnam Says China Landed Plane on Disputed Island.
  792. Vietnam’s Hidden Debts to China Expose Its Political Risks.
  793. Achievements and Problems in Vietnam: China Relations from 1991 to the Present
  794. Vietnam and China – Challenges for the Current Relationship
  795. Chinese FDI in Vietnam: Trends, Status and Challenges
  796. China and Vietnam
  797. Is Vietnam Sliding Deeper Into Authoritarianism?.
  798. America and Vietnam: The Unending War
  799. Vietnam: Investigate Police Response to Mass Protests.
  800. Politics of Vietnam and Its Military Strength
  801. Vietnam Politics | The Diplomat
  802. The Truth About ‘Democracy’ in Vietnam Today.
  803. Facebook Bowed to Vietnam Government's Censorship Demands
  804. World Report 2021: Vietnam | Human Rights Watch.
  805. Vietnam: Rights Abuses in the Spotlight.
  806. Vietnam: Free Prominent Blogger | Human Rights Watch
  807. Vietnam Irked by 'Unsuitable' U.S. Prize for Jailed Dissident
  808. Vietnam: Release Journalist and Human Rights Defender Pham Doan Trang
  809. Viet Nam: Crackdown on Dissent Continues with ‘Egregious’ Nine-Year Sentence for Pham Doan Trang.
  810. Vietnam Upholds 9-year Jail Term for Dissident Journalist
  811. Vietnamese Activist Pham Doan Trang Sentenced to Nine Years in Jail
  812. Vietnam Jails Pham Doan Trang, Its 'Most Famous Activist' | The Washington Post
  813. Vietnam's Political Prisoners 'Suffer Inhumane Treatment'
  814. Vietnam Hands Down Long Jail Terms to 'Anti-State' Facebook Users
  815. Rights Lawyer Dang Dinh Manh to Defend Vietnamese Blogger in Anti-State Crimes Trial.
  816. Mother Mushroom: Vietnamese Blogger Released and Exiled
  817. Vietnam: Ex-Political Prisoner Faces New Charges
  818. Vietnamese Rights Activist Arrested in Hanoi, Charged Under Article 117
  819. Vietnamese Rights Activists - July 2021 Arrests Mark Turn for the Worse
  820. Harris Says She Urged Vietnam to Free Political Dissidents
  821. Vietnam: Torture, Forced Labor in Drug Detention.
  822. Forced Labor and Other Abuses in Drug Detention Centers in Southern Vietnam
  823. Communist Party of Vietnam Concludes Congress, Says Will Stick to Marxism-Leninism in Reforms.
  824. In Vietnam, Message of Equality Is Challenged by Widening Wealth Gap.
  825. Corruption in Vietnam.
  826. Vietnam’s Banks: Tiger Tamed.
  827. Is Thanh the Man? - A Scandal-Ridden Party Lashes Out at Dissent and Tries to Tackle Corruption.
  828. U.S.-Vietnam Economic and Trade Relations: Issues for the 112th Congress & the 111th Congress
  829. U.S.-Vietnam Relations in 2013: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy
  830. Strengthening the U.S.-Vietnam Comprehensive Partnership
  831. In Vietnam, Henry Kissinger Was Worse than a Fraud
  832. Henry Kissinger's Controversial Role in the Vietnam War
  833. Henry Kissinger and the Vietnam War
  834. The Dark Side of Henry Kissinger's Legacy: Secret Bombings During Vietnam War
  835. Henry Kissinger Begins Secret Negotiations with North Vietnamese
  836. Kissinger’s Legacy Still Ripples Through Vietnam and Cambodia
  837. U.S. Assistance to Vietnam
  838. U.S. Relations With Vietnam
  839. The Evolution of U.S.–Vietnam Ties
  840. U.S.-Vietnam Relations: Background and Issues for Congress
  841. The Vietnam-U.S. Normalization Process
  842. Vietnam PNTR Status and WTO Accession: Issues and Implications for the United States
  843. Vietnamese Victims of Agent Orange and U.S.-Vietnam Relations
  844. The Lethal Legacy of the Vietnam War.
  845. Anti-War Movements, from Vietnam to Today
  846. Hundred Flowers in Vietnam: 1955-1957
  847. Nhân Văn–Giai Phẩm Affair | Wikipedia
  848. The War's Consequences.
  849. Battlefield: Vietnam.
  850. Vietnam War Fast Facts.
  851. Vietnam War Facts.
  852. Reflections on the Vietnam War.
  853. Vietnam War (1960 - 1975).
  854. Lessons Learned: The Tet Offensive.
  855. Vietnam War.
  856. The Psychological Effects of the Vietnam War.
  857. The Toxic Effects of Agent Orange Persist 51 Years After the Vietnam War.
  858. Generation Orange in Vietnam: Effects of Toxic Herbicide Sprayed by US Army 40 Years Ago.
  859. Trends in Southeast Asia.
  860. The Third Wave in East Asia: Comparative and Dynamic Perspectives.
  861. 3 Years on, a Look at the Rohingya Crisis
  862. 3 Reasons India Isn't the 'Next China'
  863. 4 Decades on, U.S. Starts Cleanup of Agent Orange in Vietnam.
  864. 27 Days of Hell: When China and Vietnam Went to War.
  865. 31 Problems and Issues of The Philippines About Politics.
  866. $4 billion 'Misappropriated' from Malaysia.
▷ Asia-Pacific: Australia, New Zealand & Pacific Islands
  1. Australia and U.S.-China Relations: Bandwagoned and Unbalancing
  2. Australia-China Relations: The Great Unravelling
  3. Australia's Relations with China: What's the Problem?
  4. A Look Back at Australia-China Tensions (2020)
  5. Contemporary Politics in Australia
  6. The Politics of the Australian Federal System.
  7. Australian Politics
  8. Australia: Background and U.S. Relations.
  9. Trends in Australian Political Opinion 1987-2019.
  10. Issues in Australian Foreign Policy (2015)
  11. Indigenous Affairs in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, United States of America, Norway and Sweden – Parliament of Australia
  12. Australia and New Zealand in the Asia Pacific
  13. Comparative Politics of Australia and New Zealand
  14. New Zealand Is a Five Eyes Outlier on China
  15. New Zealand’s Conflicted China Strategy
  16. New Chinese Immigration to New Zealand: Policies, Immigration Patterns, Mobility and Perception
  17. Australia, New Zealand Face China’s Influence
  18. New Zealand's-China Policy Building a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership
  19. New Zealand Government and Politics
  20. New Zealand Politics
  21. New Zealand Politics | The Guardian
  22. New Zealand: U.S. Security Cooperation and the U.S. Rebalancing to Asia Strategy
  23. New Zealand: Background and Bilateral Relations with the United States
  24. Rivalry Between Australia and China in the Pacific Islands
  25. China, Pacific Islands Unable to Agree on Security Pact
  26. The Risks of China’s Ambitions in the South Pacific
  27. China's Ambition in the Pacific: Worldwide Geopolitical Issues
  28. China in Pacific Regional Politics
  29. China and the Geopolitics of the Pacific Islands
  30. The Pacific Islands in Chinese Geo‐strategic Thinking
  31. Some Pacific Island Nations Are Turning to China. Climate Change Is a Factor
  32. Perceiving China’s Influence in the Pacific: The Case of Solomon Islands
  33. A New Era for Japan and the Pacific Islands: The Tokyo Summit
  34. Evaluation of Japan’s Assistance for Pacific Island Countries
  35. The Problems and Potential of the Pacific Islands Forum
  36. Government and Public Policy in the Pacific Islands
  37. Political Parties in the Pacific Islands
  38. Instability in the Pacific Islands
  39. The Pacific Islands: Policy Issues
  40. Pacific Ways: Government and Politics in the Pacific Islands
  41. The Pacific Islands
  42. The Political, Security, and Climate Landscape in Oceania
▷ Asia: How, What, Who, Why
  1. How India Can Buy Russian Oil, ...
  2. How Does Corruption Shape Asia?
  3. How Dams and China’s Might Imperil the Mekong
  4. How an Oil Rig Sparked Anti-China Riots in Vietnam.
  5. How US and Taiwan Are Strengthening Military Ties Amid Rising China Tensions
  6. How Singapore Married Dictatorship with a Market Economy.
  7. How Generals Plot Together, in Myanmar and Thailand.
  8. How China Views the U.S. Withdrawal from Afghanistan
  9. How Can Communist Vietnam Be Friendlier to the US than China?
  10. How Facebook Censorship Helps Suppress Dissent in Vietnam.
  11. How Thailand Became the World’s Last Military Dictatorship.
  12. How Pro-Democracy Movement Gained ... Thai Protests
  13. How Many Military Coups Has Thailand Had? Is It the #1 Country for Coups D’état?.
  14. What We Know About the Shinzo Abe Assassination.
  15. What the Turmoil in Thailand Reveals About the Thai Monarchy
  16. What Really Happened in Vietnam?
  17. What Happened and What's Next After South China Sea Arbitration Ruling
  18. What Is Happening in Myanmar?.
  19. What Is Happening in Thailand?
  20. What Is Happening in Sri Lanka?
  21. What Is Happening in Pakistan’s Continuing Crisis?
  22. What Is Happening to the People of Myanmar - A Descent Back to Military Dictatorship?.
  23. What Is Behind Malaysia's '1MDB' Scandal?.
  24. What Is Behind China and Vietnam's Latest Standoff in South China Sea.
  25. What Are the Social Issues in the Philippines?
  26. What Does Vietnam Want from the US in the South China Sea?
  27. What Does Beijing Want from the Pacific Islands?
  28. What Caused Sri Lanka's Economic Collapse?
  29. What You Need to Know About China-Taiwan Tensions
  30. What Forces Are Fueling Myanmar's Rohingya Crisis?
  31. What Afghans Want the Rest of the World to Know
  32. What Myanmar's Coup Means for China
  33. What Filipinos Think of Philippine President Duterte.
  34. What You Need to Know About China-Taiwan Tensions
  35. What US Agents Knew Before a Sikh Separatist Was Killed in Canada
  36. Why China and Vietnam Can't Stop Clashing With Each Other.
  37. Who Is Lashkar-e-Jhangvi?
  38. Why the U.S Went to war in Vietnam
  39. Who Is the New Leader of Islamic State-Khorasan Province?
  40. Why Bangladeshi Politics Is Man′s Domain
  41. Why Bangladesh's Politics Are Broken
  42. Why Thailand's New Military-Monarchy Alliance Is a Bad Sign
  43. Why Are Thai Students Protesting?
  44. Why Does Thailand Have So Many Coups?
  45. Why a New Generation of Thais Are Protesting Against the Government
  46. Why Are Thailand's Citizens Protesting Against Their Government and Monarchy?
  47. Why Thailand's Pro-democracy Protests Are Spreading Beyond the Campus
  48. Why Did the 3 Finger Salute Become the Symbol for Thai Protesters?
  49. Why Are Thai People Protesting and What Is the Significance?
  50. Why One Party Dominates Singapore Politics
  51. Why China Supports Burma’s Dictators
  52. Why Is Populism So Unpopular in Japan?
  53. Why People Are Protesting and the Military Is Killing Peaceful Protesters in Myanmar
  54. Why US Friends India and UAE Won't Back Biden Against Russia on Ukraine
  55. Why India Is Not Criticizing Russia over Ukraine Invasion
  56. Why India Is Buying More Russian Oil during Ukraine Crisis
  57. Why India Isn’t Denouncing Russia’s Ukraine War
  58. Why India Does Not Want to Buy Most Advanced 'Stealth' F-35 Aircraft?
  59. Why Is India Standing with Putin’s Russia?
  60. Why India and Russia Will Be Best Friends Forever
  61. Why India’s Relationship With Russia Is So Special
  62. Why India and Russia Are Going to Stay Friends
  63. Why India Has Been Soft on Russia Over Ukraine
  64. Why Is India Standing With Putin’s Russia? - Russia-Ukraine War
  65. Why Russia Is Getting Closer to Pakistan and Abandoning India?
  66. Why India Abstained on UN Vote Against Russia
  67. Why Has East Timor Built the Strongest Democracy in Southeast Asia?
  68. Why Have Southeast Asian Governments Stayed Silent Over Ukraine?
  69. Why These Nations, India, China, United Arab Emirates, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, Won't Criticize Russia's Invasion and Won't Support Ukraine
  70. Why Myanmar’s Desperate Generals Executed Prominent Pro-Democracy Figures
  71. Why Australia’s Chief Spy Rebuked Its Prime Minister Over China
  72. Why China Is Challenging Australia for Influence over the Pacific Islands
  73. Why Afghanistan Is Still the Worst Place to Be a Woman
  74. Why the 2022 Philippines Election Is So Significant
  75. Why the Military Intervened in Bangladesh Politics
  76. Why Japan Is Gearing Up for Possible War With China Over Taiwan
  77. Why China-Taiwan Relations Are So Tense
  78. Why China Can't Let Laos Default
▷ China - Hong Kong - Macau - Tibet - Xinjiang (Uighur)
  1. Protest and Dissent in China
  2. Growing Pains: Challenges for a Rising China
  3. The Future of China | IMF
  4. The Elements of the China Challenge
  5. China Steps Up Intimidation, Harassment of Chinese Dissidents in US
  6. China: World Report 2023 - 2022 - 2021
  7. | Human Rights Watch
  8. China: Social Issues in China
  9. China Took Her Husband. She Was Left to Uncover His Secret Cause
  10. China Tightens Xi Jinping's Powers Against the West With New Law
  11. China's Loans Pushing World’s Poorest Countries to Brink of Collapse
  12. China and the ‘Prisoner’s Dilemma’
  13. China Sentences a U.S. Citizen to Life in Prison for Espionage
  14. China Sentences 78-year-old US Citizen to Life in Prison for Espionage
  15. China's Xi Accuses Washington of Trying to Block Its Development
  16. China Protests As US Fighter Jets Shoot Down Suspected Spy Balloon
  17. China’s Anger Over Downed Balloon Shows Xi’s Challenges
  18. China Finds Itself With Limited Options After U.S. Shoots Down Balloon
  19. China COVID: Protests Erupt in Unprecedented Challenge to Xi Jinping's Zero-Covid Policy
  20. China COVID Protests: Authorities Call for Crackdown on ‘Hostile Forces’
  21. China Threatens Crackdown on ‘Hostile Forces’ as COVID Protests Continue
  22. China Could have 1,500 Nuclear Warheads by 2035: Pentagon Report
  23. China's Lockdown Protests and Rising COVID Leave Xi Jinping With '2 Bad Options'
  24. China Poses 'Existential' Threat to Human Rights: Report | Time
  25. Lee Meng-chu: Taiwan Businessman Accused of Spying in China Is Freed (After Holding for 1,400 days in China for Taking Photos)
  26. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP)’s Widespread Persecution in China: Prevalence of Political and Religious Prisoners in China, and Recommendations to Hold the CCP Accountable
  27. Woman in China Learned About Her Husband's Secret Identity After Police Grabbed Him
  28. Dissidents in China Detained and Harassed as Beijing Prepares for Party Congress
  29. To China’s Fury, UN Accuses Beijing of Uyghur Rights Abuses
  30. To Understand China’s Aggressive Foreign Policy, Look at Its Domestic Politics
  31. OHCHR Assessment of Human Rights Concerns in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, People’s Republic of China
  32. Fury at UN Human Rights Chief Over ‘Whitewash’ of Uyghur Repression
  33. China’s Uyghur Abuses ‘May Constitute Crimes Against Humanity,’ UN Finds
  34. EU, US, UK, Canada Target China Officials over Uyghur Abuses
  35. The Geopolitics of China
  36. US Concerned at China's 'Alignment' with Russia ...
  37. Biden Warns Xi of Global Backlash if China Helps Russia's Attack on Ukraine
  38. China Is About to Make a Big Mistake by Supporting Russia
  39. China Will Support Russia on Security, Xi Tells Putin in Birthday Call
  40. China Pounces on Russia's Ukraine Invasion to Launch Propaganda Blitz
  41. Russia and China: Axis of Revisionists?
  42. Russia and China Are Leading A New ‘World Order,’ Russian Foreign Minister Says
  43. China's Promotion of Russian Disinformation Indicates Where Its Loyalties Lie
  44. China’s Ukraine Crisis
  45. Russia and China
  46. Is China Stepping Up Its Support for Russia?
  47. Year of War in Ukraine Tests China’s ‘No Limits’ Relationship with Russia
  48. Russia Highlights China's Support as Its Forces Retreat in Ukraine
  49. Xi Jinping's Grip on Power in China Is Still Strong
  50. China's Xi Jinping Consolidates Power With New Ideology
  51. Xi Jinping Says China to Become Dominant World Power Within 30 Years
  52. Xi’s Power Is Cracking Under the Pressure of China’s ‘Polycrisis’
  53. Xi Jinping Has Been Good for China’s Communist Party; Less so for China
  54. Xi Jinping and the Party’s “Guiding Ideology”
  55. Xi Jinping Cements Grip on Power With Third Term with China's New Politburo Standing Committee
  56. China's Xi Jinping 'More Dangerous' Than Putin: 'Not Even Close,' Says Pompeo
  57. The Rise of ‘Everyday Freedoms’ in China
  58. A Chronology of Dissent in China in Recent Decades
  59. Protest and Dissent in China
  60. Human Rights in China - China’s Global Threat to Human Rights (2020)
  61. The Chinese Communist Party’s Plot to Destroy America and a Company's Fight to Keep USA Strong
  62. The Perfect Dictatorship China in the 21st Century
  63. The Elements of the China Challenge
  64. China-US Relations in the Eyes of the Chinese Communist Party
  65. From Competition to Confrontation with China: The Major Shift in U.S. Policy
  66. World Report 2020: China’s Global Threat to Human Rights
  67. US Congressional-Executive Commission on China:
  68. Freedom of Expression in China: A Privilege, Not a Right
  69. The Damaging Dictatorship of Xi Jinping
  70. Facing Up to the China Threat
  71. China, Genocide and the Olympics
  72. China: Business and Human Rights
  73. Penal System in China
  74. Is China Totalitarian?
  75. 'Setback for the Free World': EU Deal with China Draws Criticism
  76. Partial Decoupling from China
  77. China Committed Genocide Against Uyghurs, Independent Tribunal Rules
  78. Independent UK Body Says China Committed Genocide Against Uighurs in Xinjiang
  79. China Guilty of Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity Against Uyghurs, Watchdog Finds
  80. Uyghur Tribunal: China Commits Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity and Torture Against the Uyghurs
  81. China Commits ‘Genocide’ Against Uighurs
  82. Surviving the Crackdown in Xinjiang
  83. Break Their Roots: Evidence for China’s Parent-Child Separation Campaign in Xinjiang
  84. Uyghur Genocide (in China)
  85. China Primer: Uyghurs
  86. China's Repression of Uighurs in Xinjiang.
  87. China Targets Prominent Uighur Intellectuals to Erase an Ethnic Identity.
  88. China Is Expanding Detention Sites in Muslim Region of ....
  89. China Has Built 380 Internment Camps in Xinjiang.
  90. Xinjiang: Large Numbers of New Detention Camps Uncovered ...
  91. China's Repression of Uighur Muslims: Concentration Camps ...
  92. China Suppression of Uighur Minorities Meets U.N. Definition of Genocide, Report Says
  93. Xinjiang: China's Muslim Camp Spending 'Revealed'.
  94. Xinjiang Re-education Camps.
  95. China Defends Uighur 'Education Centres'
  96. China Bans Beards and Veils in Xinjiang
  97. Leaked Files Claim to Reveal Details of China's Muslim Camps
  98. Revealed: New Videos Expose China’s Forced Migration of Uyghurs During the Pandemic
  99. More Evidence of China's Horrific Abuses in Xinjiang
  100. The Pain of a Nation: The Invisibility of Uyghurs in China Proper.
  101. China: Xinjiang Official Figures Reveal Higher Prisoner Count
  102. Uighurs in Xinjiang: A General Assessment of the Roots of Unrest.
  103. Making States, Displacing Peoples - A Comparative Perspective of Xinjiang and Tibet in China.
  104. The Muslim Emperor of China.
  105. Supply Chains Associated with Human Rights Abuses in China's Western Xinjiang Province
  106. Devastating Blows: Religious Repression of Uighurs in Xinjiang
  107. New Evidence of China's Arbitrary Oppression of the Uighurs
  108. China's Systematic Tracking, Arrests of Uighurs Exposed in New Xinjiang Leak
  109. China Rebuked by 22 Nations Over Xinjiang Repression.
  110. ‘Absolutely No Mercy’: Leaked Files Expose How China Organized Mass Detentions of Muslims
  111. China Is Brainwashing Uighur Children.
  112. The Xinjiang Conflict: Uyghur Identity, Language Policy, and Political Discourse
  113. Beijing's Treatment of Muslim Minorities.
  114. China's Repression of Uighur Muslims: Concentration Camps.
  115. ‘Cultural Genocide’: China Separating Thousands of Muslim Children from Parents for ‘Thought Education’
  116. China’s Repression of Uyghurs in Xinjiang
  117. Xinjiang Internment Camps.
  118. China's Surveillance State: An Open-air Prison in Xinjiang
  119. 'Illegal Superstition': China Jails Muslims for Practicing Islam.
  120. Xinjiang Police Open Fire at Protest Against Clampdown on Islamic Dress.
  121. China Launches "Terrorism" Crackdown After Xinjiang Region Attack.
  122. China’s Own Documents Show Potentially Genocidal Sterilization Plans in Xinjiang.
  123. Nationalism, Tibetans and Uighurs in Today's China.
  124. China Targets Prominent Uighur Intellectuals to Erase an Ethnic Identity
  125. From Cover-up to Propaganda Blitz: China's Attempts to Control the Narrative on Xinjiang
  126. China Committing 'Crimes Against Humanity' in Xinjiang: Report
  127. Human Rights in China
  128. Ethnic Issues in China.
  129. The Xinjiang-Uyghur Issue
  130. The Xinjiang Problem
  131. China Responsible for ‘Serious Human Rights Violations’ in Xinjiang Province: UN Human Rights Report
  132. OHCHR Assessment of Human Rights Concerns in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, People’s Republic of China
  133. Global Supply Chains, Forced Labor, and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
  134. China's Repression of Uyghurs in Xinjiang
  135. Combating Human Rights Abuses in Xinjiang
  136. Surviving the Crackdown in Xinjiang
  137. People in China Left Wondering, 'What Happened in Xinjiang?'
  138. Responding to the Crisis in Xinjiang
  139. Against Their Will: The Situation in Xinjiang
  140. US Prohibiting Imports from China's Xinjiang over Force Labor
  141. Nike Statement on Xinjiang
  142. China in Darkest Period for Human Rights Since Tiananmen, says Rights Group
  143. China: Baseless Imprisonments Surge in Xinjiang
  144. Fact Check: Lies on Xinjiang-related Issues vs. the Truth
  145. Is China Changing Its Policy Towards Uighur Muslims?
  146. Understanding China's 'Preventive Repression' in Xinjiang
  147. Uighur Woman Living in France Speaks out About Alleged Chinese ‘Re-Education’ Camp Horrors
  148. "U.S. Says China Is Committing 'Genocide' Against Uighur Muslims
  149. China Conducting Mass Sterilization on Muslim Minorities that Could Amount to Renocide: Report
  150. US Calls China's Abuses of Muslim Minorities 'Genocide' and 'Crimes Against Humanity'
  151. U.S. Declares China's Human Rights Abuses Against Muslim
  152. Uighurs: 'Credible Case' China Carrying out Genocide | BBC
  153. As Genocide Accusations Grow, China Hits Back
  154. Uighur Camp Detainees Allege Systematic Rape
  155. History of Islam in China
  156. 'Their Goal Is to Destroy Everyone': Uighur Camp Detainees Allege Systematic Rape
  157. China's 'Re-education Camps' Where Women Are 'Raped and Sterilised'
  158. "China's Treatment of Uighurs Is Cultural Genocide
  159. China Created a New Terrorist Threat by Repressing This Ethnic Minority
  160. "China's Attacks on Uighur Women Are Crimes Against Humanity
  161. China's Repression of Uyghurs in Xinjiang
  162. China Putting Minority Muslims in 'Concentration Camps'
  163. One Million Muslim Uighurs Held in Secret China Camps
  164. A Chinese Citizen Journalist Who Shined a Light on Wuhan's Plight May Die in Prison in China
  165. China Cuts Uighur Births with IUDs, Abortion, Sterilization.
  166. China's Repression of Uighurs in Xinjiang.
  167. China's 'Re-Education' / Concentration Camps in Xinjiang, China.
  168. China's Repression of Uighurs in Xinjiang.
  169. Responding to the Crisis in Xinjiang.
  170. ‘Absolutely No Mercy’: Leaked Files Expose How China Organized Mass Detentions of Muslims
  171. Case Study of the Uyghur Muslims in China.
  172. UN Inaction on China Abuses 'Huge Disappointment': Uyghur Campaigner
  173. The Long Shadow of Xinjiang: Anger Grows in Muslim Countries at China’s Treatment of the Uighurs.
  174. Is the World Watching as China Brutally Suppresses the Freedom of Uighurs and Tibetans?.
  175. A Comparison of China's Ethnicity Policies in Xinjiang and Tibet.
  176. China Uighurs: Xinjiang Legalises 'Re-education' Camps.
  177. China Locks Up Ethnic Minorities in Camps.
  178. China's Repression and Internment of Uyghurs.
  179. Religious Minorities and China.
  180. We Must Stand up to China's Abuse of Its Muslim Minorities
  181. U.S. Views of China Increasingly Negative Amid Coronavirus Outbreak
  182. Most Americans Support Tough Stance Toward China on Human Rights, Economic Issues
  183. 'Fundamentally at Odds': Blinken, China Meeting Got Heated in Alaska
  184. China Blocks UN Condemnation of Myanmar Coup as Protest Grows
  185. China's Vision for a New World Order
  186. China Has Two Paths to Global Domination
  187. World Report 2020: China's Global Threat to Human Rights
  188. China Has 1 Trillion Reasons to Pray Trump Is Defeated.
  189. China’s ‘Manipulation’ of Mekong Is an ‘Urgent Challenge’ for Southeast Asia.
  190. China's Drain on Mekong
  191. Impacts of Mainstream Hydropower Dams on Fisheries and Agriculture in Lower Mekong Basin
  192. Dam Projects and Disputes in the Mekong River Basin
  193. The Mekong and the Water Politics of China and Southeast Asia
  194. Dams in China Turn the Mekong into a River of Discord
  195. UN Human Rights Committee Issues Findings on Hong Kong, Macao, ...
  196. China, Hong Kong, and the Future of Human Rights
  197. Minnie Chan: Media Groups Raise Concerns Following Report of ‘Missing’ Hong Kong Journalist in China
  198. MPs Call for Sanctions on Hong Kong Officials Targeting UK-Based Activists
  199. Daughter of Hong Kong Exiled Activist Detained by National Security Police
  200. Beijing Demands Hong Kong Consulates Hand Over Local Staff Data
  201. Wanted Hong Kong Activist's Relatives Taken for Questioning by Police
  202. Police in Hong Kong Raid Family Home of UK-Based Exile Nathan Law
  203. Agnes Chow: Hong Kong Democracy Activist Reveals She Has Moved to Canada and Plans to Skip Bail
  204. National Security Trial Opens in Hong Kong for Prominent Publisher Jimmy Lai
  205. Arrested in 2020, Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Tycoon Gets His Day in Court
  206. Hong Kong: Jimmy Lai's Trial Highlights Rule of Law Concerns
  207. Hong Kong: Protest Leader Agnes Chow Jumps Bail
  208. Hong Kong Journalist Vanished After Assignment in Beijing
  209. Hong Kong Arrests 3 Activists Under National Security Law
  210. Hong Kong Police Arrest 5 for Allegedly Aiding Dissidents Abroad
  211. Hong Kong Police Charged 47 Democracy Activists Under Hong Kong 'Subversion' Law
  212. Hong Kong Arrests 53 Activists Under National Security Law
  213. Hong Kong Police Arrest 53, Including U.S. Citizen, in Massive National Security Law Sweep
  214. Hong Kong National Security Police Issue HK$1 Million Bounty Each for 8 Self-Exiled Activists
  215. Hong Kong: Activist Will 'Never Back Down' Despite Bounty on Her Head (video)
  216. Hong Kong and China: One Country, Two Systems, Two Identities
  217. Hong Kong Unrecognizable, UN Rights Chief Visit, Search Engines Manipulated Globally
  218. Hong Kong Security Law: Chinese "Dictatorship"?
  219. Hong Kong Police Condemned for Issuing Cash Bounty for Exiled Democracy Activists
  220. Hong Kong Government Seeks Court Injunction to Ban Protest Anthem "Glory to Hong Kong"
  221. Hong Kong in the Shadow of China: Living with the Leviathan
  222. Hong Kong Questions More Families of Wanted Activists
  223. Hong Kong Targets Exiles’ Loved Ones as Crackdown Turns to Old CCP Playbook
  224. Hong Kong Universities in the Shadow of the National Security Law
  225. Hong Kong's Future on Edge: Countering China’s National Security Law
  226. Hong Kong and Taiwan Are Bonding Over China
  227. Hong Kong, Xinjiang and the Insecurity of China's Leadership
  228. Hong Kong Police Raid Homes of Relatives of Two Exiled Activists
  229. Hong Kong Police Widen Questioning of Relatives of Wanted Activists
  230. Hong Kong: Children’s Book Authors Convicted
  231. Hong Kong Deems Children’s Books About Sheep ‘Seditious’
  232. Hong Kong Judge Finds Five Guilty over Children's Books
  233. Hong Kong: Freedom in the World 2021 Country Report
  234. Hong Kong: The Rise and Fall of “One Country, Two Systems”
  235. Hong Kong Falls Off the Economic Freedom Index
  236. Hong Kong Dumped from Economic Freedom List It Had Used to Dominate
  237. Hong Kong Democracy Leaders Given Jail Terms Amid Crackdown
  238. Hong Kong Security Law: Life Sentences for Breaking China Imposed Laws
  239. Hong Kong: Mass Arrests of Pro-Democracy Politicians
  240. Hong Kong vs. Mainland China: Understanding the Differences
  241. Hong Kong Pro-democracy Lawmakers Resign en Masse.
  242. Hong Kong Teacher Removed for 'Unlawful' Lesson.
  243. Hong Kong, Changed Overnight, Navigates Its New Reality.
  244. Hong Kong Postpones Elections for a Year 'Over Virus Concerns!'.
  245. Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Lawmakers Resign After China Ruling
  246. Hong Kong Police Fire Tear Gas as Protesters Decry China Security Law Plan
  247. Hong Kong Is Setting Up a Postponed Election Without a Real Opposition.
  248. Hong Kong Protester 'Grandma Wong': I Was Held in Mainland for 14 Months
  249. Hong Kong Issues Arrest Warrant for US Citizen ...
  250. Hong Kong Politics
  251. Hong Kong: Key Issues
  252. Hong Kong Policy Act Report
  253. Hong Kong SAR, China’s Story
  254. Hong Kong: Recent Developments and U.S. Relations
  255. Hong Kong: The Canary in the Coal Mine
  256. Hong Kong Financial Sector Assessment Program | IMF
  257. Hong Kong vs. Mainland China: Differences Explained
  258. Hong Kong: A Brief Overview of the Modern Slavery Bill
  259. Hong Kong Voters Turn Out for Biggest Election in City's History.
  260. Hong Kong Democracy Backers Win Big as Voters Flock to Polls.
  261. Hong Kong Being Watched 'Closely' Over Activist Arrests, Says UN.
  262. Hong Kong Protests Continue ...
  263. Hong Kong Protests: Students Boycott Class on First Day Back.
  264. Hong Kong Elections (Nov 24, 2019): Pro-Democracy Group Makes Big Gains.
  265. Hong Kong Government Vows to Probe Alleged Police Beating at Protest (Photos).
  266. Hong Kong Police Arrest 45 in Clashes.
  267. Hong Kong Mass Arrests Crush Opposition as China Tightens Control
  268. Hong Kong Police Clear Protesters Out of Tunnel.
  269. Hong Kong’s Strategic Importance Under Chinese Sovereignty
  270. Hong Kong Chief Says Protesters Are Making ‘Impossible’ Demands: "Freedom!"
  271. Hong Kong: Ten Years After the Handover
  272. Hong Kong and the Transfer to China: Issues and Prospects
  273. Hong Kong and China: One Country, Two Systems, Two Identities
  274. Hong Kong: Missing Truth, Missing Justice
  275. Hong Kong Between the U.S. and China
  276. Hong Kong in the Shadow of China: Living with the Leviathan
  277. Hong Kong Bookseller Sentenced by China to 10 Years for Passing 'Intelligence'
  278. Hong Kong Police Arrest over 50 Opposition Figures, including American Lawyer, in National Security Crackdown
  279. National Security Law: Hong Kong Rounds up 53 Pro-democracy Activists
  280. Politics of Hong Kong
  281. Human Rights in Hong Kong
  282. The Jarring Reality Hong Kong's Dissidents See from Jail
  283. Gov't Seeks to Ban Protest Song 'Glory to Hong Kong', Including from Internet
  284. China v Jimmy Lai: A Tycoon, a Trial and the Erosion of Hong Kong’s Rule of Law
  285. China Accuses UK of Protecting ‘Fugitives’ After Bounty Put on Hong Kong Democracy Activists
  286. Australia, UK, US Condemn Hong Kong Bounty for Exiled Activists
  287. Dictatorship and Responsibility in Hong Kong
  288. China’s Campaign to Crush Democracy in Hong Kong Is Working
  289. Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: China's December 2007 Decision
  290. Chinese Communist Dictatorship Shuts Down Last Opposition Newspaper in Hong Kong
  291. The U.S President's Executive Order on Hong Kong Normalization
  292. As China Pushes in, Hong Kong’s First Ethnic Minority Social Worker Wants a Future for Everyone
  293. Nearly Half of Foreign Businesses in Hong Kong Are Planning to Relocate
  294. The Mainland Chinese Left in the Shadow of Hong Kong's Democracy Movement
  295. Understanding the Relationship Between Hong Kong and China
  296. China Is Committing Human Rights Abuses in Hong Kong
  297. On Tiananmen Anniversary, Hong Kong Criminalizes Mocking China's National Anthem
  298. Demonstrations Mark Second Anniversary of Hong Kong
  299. Pillar of Shame Commemorating Tiananmen Crackdown Faces Removal in Hong Kong
  300. Mainland China and Hong Kong - IPOs and other Market Trends Review (2020)
  301. Six-Monthly Report on Hong Kong 1 July to 31 December 2020
  302. US Criticises China's Hong Kong Move, Set to Raise
  303. China Plans Overhaul of Hong Kong's Elections
  304. U.S. Sanctions Branded 'Clowning Actions' as Hong Kong Vows Not to be Intimidated
  305. Beijing Won Total Control over Hong Kong. Now, the ‘Brainwashing’ Begins.
  306. Close Loopholes So Only 'Patriots' Can Run Hong Kong
  307. China Is Making Support for Democracy a Crime in Hong Kong
  308. CCP's Police State in Hong Kong
  309. Outspoken Hong Kong Publisher and China Critic Jimmy Lai Is Arrested
  310. Missing Hong Kong Protester Alexandra Wong 'Was Held in Mainland China'.
  311. Jail for Publishing Picture Books - China Continues Hong Kong Free Speech Assault
  312. Chinese Court Sentences 10 Hong Kong Democracy Activists
  313. Protests in Hong Kong (2019–2020): A Perspective Based on Quality of Life and Well-Being
  314. Police Tackle 12-Year-Old to the Ground in Hong Kong.
  315. China Passes National Security Law for Hong Kong | Time
  316. China’s Campaign to Crush Democracy in Hong Kong Is Working
  317. China is 'Trampling on Hong Kong's Democracy'
  318. China Uses Hong Kong Security Law Against US and UK ...
  319. Chengdu: US Leaves Consulate Amid Row with China
  320. Chinese Consulate in Houston Closed Following US Order.
  321. Under Red China, Democracy Is Dead in Hong Kong.
  322. China Calls Hong Kong Protesters a 'Political Virus'
  323. The Chilling Effect of Hong Kong's New National Security Law
  324. China Transformed Hong Kong into a Typical Mainland City.
  325. 'Night Fell': Hong Kong's First Month Under China Security Law.
  326. China to Impose Sweeping National Security Law in Hong Kong
  327. Understanding the Relationship Between Hong Kong and China
  328. Contending on the Periphery: Taiwan and Hong Kong
  329. Democracy in Hong Kong.
  330. Democratic Crisis in Hong Kong.
  331. The Struggle for Hong Kong.
  332. From a British-Style Administrative State to a Chinese-Style Political State: Civil Service Reforms in Hong Kong After the Transfer of Sovereignty
  333. Chinese Virologist Accuses Beijing of Coronavirus Cover-up, Flees Hong Kong
  334. China's Great Firewall Descends on Hong Kong Internet Users
  335. A Year of Creeping Darkness Under the National Security Law in Hong Kong
  336. China's Crackdown in Hong Kong.
  337. Thousands of Hong Kongers Defy Police Ban to Remember Tiananmen Square Massacre
  338. The Tiananmen Square Massacre: From China's Authoritarian Roots to the Iconic "Tank Man"
  339. On the 31st Anniversary, Remembering the Tiananmen
  340. U.S. Moves Toward Ending Hong Kong Privileges.
  341. A Widening Wealth Gap in Hong Kong.
  342. China: Hong Kong Residents Are "Dogs and Thieves".
  343. The U.S. Is Treating Hong Kong as Mainland China - Business Is Starting to Do the Same.
  344. Amid Pandemic, Hong Kong Arrests Major Pro-Democracy ...
  345. China's Choice: Hong Kong Names a New Leader.
  346. China's Underground Bank Crackdown Risks Headaches in Hong Kong.
  347. One Country, One System: The Week that China Shredded its Promise on Hong Kong.
  348. Deng Xiaoping on Hong Kong: The Relevance of Contradiction Analysis.
  349. Chinese Tortured Hong Kong Activist for Messi Photo Sending to Liu Xiaobo's Window.
  350. In Hong Kong, Protesters Fight to Stay Anonymous.
  351. 'Society Is Suffering': Hong Kong Protests Spark mental Health.
  352. Leveling Criticism at China’s Elite, Some Borrow Words From the Past.
  353. China Sentences Hong Kong Journalists to up to 5 years in Prison.
  354. Four Hong Kong Publishers Known for Books Critical of Chinese Regime Missing
  355. China's Internet Firewall Censors Hong Kong Protest News.
  356. Violent Clashes Between Police and Demonstrators Erupt in Hong Kong.
  357. The Economic Roots of Hong Kong’s Fight with China.
  358. China's National Security Law for Hong Kong: Issues for US Congress.
  359. China's National Security Law for Hong Kong, Explained.
  360. The Case of Hong Kong's Missing Booksellers.
  361. China's Policies Toward Hong Kong and Taiwan Are Driving a Slow Motion Catastrophe
  362. History of Hong Kong - From British Colony to Special Administrative Region of China (video)
  363. China’s National Security Law for Hong Kong: Issues for the US Congress
  364. China: New Hong Kong Law a Roadmap for Repression
  365. U.S. Relations With Hong Kong
  366. Democracy for Hong Kong and Taiwan
  367. China's Relations with Hong Kong and Taiwan
  368. The External Relations and International Status of Hong Kong
  369. China's Ambitions and Chinese Anxieties.
  370. History, Ambition, and Technology: The Chinese Communist ...
  371. The Unpredictable Rise of China.
  372. Mapping China's Global Governance Ambitions
  373. The Past, Present, and Future of Freedom of Speech and Expression in China.
  374. Freedom of Information Returns to China | Yale
  375. China: Minority Exclusion, Marginalization and Rising Tensions.
  376. Observations on the State of Indigenous Human Rights in China.
  377. List of Massacres in China - Wikipedia.
  378. Human Rights in China - University of Denver.
  379. Observations on the State of Indigenous Human Rights in China.
  380. China Bringing Xinjiang-Style Forced Labor Camps to Tibet ...
  381. China 'Coercing' Thousands of Tibetans into Mass Labour Camps.
  382. China Reportedly Forced 500K Tibetan Farmers into Labor Camps.
  383. China Sending Tibetans to Military-Style Labor Training Camps.
  384. China Sharply Expands Mass Labor Program in Tibet.
  385. India-China Border Dispute: A Conflict Explained.
  386. China, India Standoff More than a War over Rocks.
  387. Battle in the Himalayas.
  388. China Tries to Forget, But Its War with Vietnam Ended with ...
  389. U.S. Warns Citizens of Heightened Detention Risks in China.
  390. U.S China Relations.
  391. China's Expanding Strategic Ambitions.
  392. China, Internet Freedom, and U.S. Policy.
  393. Media Censorship in China. | CFR
  394. Media Censorship in China.
  395. One Country, One Censor: How China Undermines Media ....
  396. China Argues Over How Much Corruption Is Best.
  397. China’s Cultural Revolution, Explained.
  398. The Constitution Law of People's Republic of China.
  399. Chinese Newspaper Breaks Silence on Cultural Revolution.
  400. China's Ambition in the Pacific: Worldwide Geopolitical Issues.
  401. China Inclusive Human Rights Report
  402. China | Human Rights Watch.
  403. Political Imprisonment in the People's Republic of China.
  404. Reassessing Reeducation Through Labor.
  405. A History of Massacres in China.
  406. The Routine of Mass Murder in China.
  407. List of Massacres in China.
  408. China's Bloody Century.
  409. Mao's Great Leap Forward 'Killed 45 million in Four years'.
  410. Genocide in Tibet.
  411. China Is Guilty of Mass Genocide Against 1.2 Million People of Tibet
  412. Mao in Tibetan Disguise: History, Ethnography, and Excess
  413. The Global Implications of “Re-education” Technologies in China.
  414. Comparative Analysis of Honor Killing Phenomena in China and Pakistan.
  415. War with China: Thinking Through the Unthinkable.
  416. Chinese Homicide Law, Irrationality, and Incremental Change.
  417. China Military Power Report.
  418. China Military Power.
  419. Political Reform and the Fragility of Communist Rule in China.
  420. From Tiananmen to Neo-Stalinism.
  421. Tiananmen: China's Struggle for Democracy.
  422. Tiananmen Square, Leipzig, and the "Chinese Solution".
  423. The “Three Reforms” in China: Progress and Outlook.
  424. U.S. Accuses China of Pushing Territorial Ambitions.
  425. US Accuses Beijing of Using Coronavirus as Cover for South China Sea.
  426. Timeline of China's Possible Coronavirus Cover-up.
  427. The Coronavirus Cover-Up: A Timeline - Victims of Communism.
  428. Many Wonder if China's Coronavirus Recovery Can Be Trusted.
  429. Can We Believe Any of China's Coronavirus Numbers?
  430. Freedom and Human Rights in China.
  431. China Must Pay for Its Brutal Human Rights Record.
  432. China: Citizens Monitored With Police App
  433. Undermining Freedom of Expression in China - The Role of Yahoo!, Microsoft and Google
  434. China: 'Deepfake' App Sparks Privacy Concerns
  435. China's All-Seeing Surveillance State Is Reading Its Citizens
  436. China: Is Your Face on a Watch List?
  437. Behind the Rise of China's Facial-Recognition Giants
  438. China Social Mmedia: WeChat and the Surveillance State.
  439. China to Curb Facial Recognition and Apps in Schools.
  440. China’s Algorithms of Repression.
  441. Inside China's Crackdown On Human Rights Advocates.
  442. Understanding China's Crackdown on Rights Advocates.
  443. China's Attack on Human Rights and the Rule of Law.
  444. Chinese Politics, Economy, and Rule of Law.
  445. China Politics & Policy.
  446. China Naval Modernization.
  447. Amid China's Threat in South China Sea, Taiwan Deploys Submarine near Spratly Islands.
  448. Aggressive Posturing by China in the South China Sea.
  449. April Fools “Inconsistent with Core Socialist Values”.
  450. Chinese Website Publishes, then Pulls, Explosive Letter Calling for President Xi’s Resignation.
  451. China’s Censors Denounced in Online Attack.
  452. Former Top China Military Official 'Took Huge Bribes'.
  453. It's Time for the World to Adjust to China's Global Ambition.
  454. Chinese Journalist Jailed for 'Sharing Secrets'.
  455. China Attacks VPNs, Cutting Business off from Internet.
  456. Undermining Freedom of Expression in China - The Role of Yahoo!, Microsoft and Google
  457. China: Liu Xiaobo and Liu Xiaobo's Famous Opinion.
  458. China Pulls out of UN Process Over Territorial Dispute with Philippines.
  459. China: Reforms Under Deng Xiaoping
  460. Economic Reform and Higher Education in China
  461. The Political Economy of Decollectivization in China
  462. China Struggles to Bridge Gap Between Rich, Poor.
  463. Economic Reform and Growth in China
  464. China Is Doubling Down on Its Territorial Claims ...
  465. Corruption in the People's Republic of China.
  466. Corruption in Military Poses a Test for China.
  467. The Role of Corruption in China's Speedy, Risky Boom.
  468. Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Reform China
  469. Corruption Threatens China’s Future
  470. China's Corruption Crackdown: Progress or Politics?
  471. Corruption in China - Wikipedia
  472. Healthcare Is So Corrupt in China That Patients Have to Bribe Doctors
  473. In China, Parents Bribe to Get Students into Top Schools, Despite Campaign Against Corruption
  474. China to Close Notorious Re-education-Through-Labor Camps.
  475. Labor Camps Reinforce China's Totalitarian Rule.
  476. New York Times Blocked by China After Report on Wealth of Wen Jiabao's Family.
  477. Wen Jiabao's $2.7bn Family Wealth: China Furious at US Exposé.
  478. Billions in Hidden Riches for Family of Chinese Leader.
  479. China's Corrupt Food Chain.
  480. A Chinese Education, for a Price.
  481. An Investor's Guide to Buying Influence in China.
  482. Urban Life in China.
  483. Chinese Artist Ai Weiwei Held for 'Economic Crimes'
  484. China Cracks Down on Christians at Outdoor Service
  485. China Arrests Dissident as Crackdown Continues
  486. The 2011 Crackdown on Dissidents in China
  487. The 2002–2003 Chinese Protest Movement
  488. The 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests and Massacre
  489. Tiananmen Square, 1989: The Declassified History
  490. 纪录片天安門 六四事件 Tiananmen Square Protests (video)
  491. Transcript - The Tank Man
  492. Tiananmen Square Protest Death Toll 'Was 10,000'.
  493. Chinese Official Said 10,000 Died in 1989
  494. Tiananmen at 31: US Congress Introduced Bipartisan Resolution and Condemn Imposition of National Security Law in Hong Kong.
  495. Tiananmen at 30: Examining the Evolution of Repression in China.
  496. Assignment: China - Tiananmen Square
  497. Assignment: China - USCI's Series on American Reporting on China
  498. Timeline: China Milestones Since 1978
  499. China Since 1949, the Mao Years and Post-Mao China
  500. China: Trade, Politics & Culture 1793-1980
  501. China - Life Expectancy at Birth
  502. Tensions Flare in the South China Sea.
  503. If China Is Doing So Well, Why Do So Many Chinese Think of Moving to USA?
  504. Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress
  505. China-U.S. Trade Issues
  506. China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States
  507. China's Political Institutions and Leaders in Charts
  508. China's Holdings of U.S. Securities: Implications for the U.S. Economy
  509. U.S.-Chinese Motor Vehicle Trade: Overview and Issues
  510. U.S.-China Relations: An Overview of Policy Issues
  511. U.S.-China Relations: COVID-19 Issues
  512. My Secret Life as a Forbidden Second Child in China
  513. China in My Life — A Personal Journey: The 1980s
  514. China's Currency Policy: An Analysis of the Economic Issues
  515. Human Rights in China and U.S. Policy: Issues for the 113th Congress
  516. U.S. Assistance Programs in China
  517. Understanding China’s Political System
  518. China: Surviving the Camps
  519. Maritime Territorial Disputes in East Asia: Issues for Congress
  520. South China Sea Tensions
  521. A Guide to China's Upcoming Leadership Transitions
  522. China’s Global Threat to Human Rights
  523. The Cultural Revolution: All You Need to Know About China's Political Convulsion
  524. Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: Results of the 2012 Elections
  525. Publishers Under Pressure as China's Censors Reach for Red Pen
  526. China, Internet Freedom, and U.S. Policy
  527. Religious Suppression in China
  528. Was Mao Successful in Stamping Out Religion in China?
  529. 'Dangerous Dynamic': Coronavirus Threatens New 'Cold War' Between US and China
  530. China: Health, Poverty, and Economic Development
  531. The Dark Side of Labor in China
  532. China's Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction | IMF
  533. U.S.-China Diplomacy Over Chinese Legal Advocate Chen Guangcheng
  534. China's Rare Earth Industry and Export Regime: Economic and Trade Implications for the United States
  535. Growth and Corruption in China
  536. China's Banking System: Issues for Congress
  537. Xi Jinping and the Party’s “Guiding Ideology”
  538. China's Vice President Xi Jinping Visits the United States: What Is at Stake?
  539. Human Rights in China and U.S. Policy
  540. Human Rights in China
  541. In China, They’re Closing Churches, Jailing Pastors – and Even Rewriting Scripture
  542. A History of China
  543. China - After Mao Zedong
  544. Is China Totalitarian? | The Heritage Foundation
  545. China's Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Policies
  546. Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: The 2012 Election Reforms
  547. China-North Korea Relations
  548. China's Sovereign Wealth Fund: Developments and Policy Implications
  549. China's Steel Industry and Its Impact on the United States: Issues for Congress
  550. China and the United States - A Comparison of Green Energy Programs and Policies
  551. China's Assistance and Government-Sponsored Investment Activities in Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia
  552. The Rise of China's Auto Industry and Its Impact on the U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry
  553. China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy
  554. China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States
  555. The Tibetan Policy Act of 2002: Background and Implementation
  556. Tibetan Re-Education Camp Journal Tells of China's Tactics.
  557. Tibet: Problems, Prospects, and U.S. Policy
  558. China's Foreign Aid Activities in Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia
  559. Health and Safety Concerns Over U.S. Imports of Chinese Products: An Overview
  560. Sino-Japanese Relations: Issues for U.S. Policy
  561. China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation
  562. Food and Agricultural Imports from China
  563. China's Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Policies
  564. Comparing Global Influence: China's and U.S. Diplomacy, Foreign Aid, Trade, and Investment in the Developing World
  565. Cultural Genocide in Tibet
  566. China's "Hot Money" Problems
  567. Understanding China's Political System
  568. China Forcefully Harvests Organs from Detainees, Tribunal Concludes
  569. The Palace of Shame that Makes China Angry
  570. China's Foreign Policy: What Does It Mean for U.S. Global Interests?
  571. China's Foreign Policy and "Soft Power" in South America, Asia, and Africa
  572. China's Sovereign Wealth Fund
  573. China's Currency: Economic Issues and Options for U.S. Trade Policy
  574. China's "Soft Power" in Southeast Asia
  575. China's 17th Communist Party Congress, 2007: Leadership and Policy Implications
  576. North Korean Refugees in China and Human Rights Issues: International Response and U.S. Policy Options
  577. U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement
  578. U.S. Clothing and Textile Trade with China and the World: Trends Since the End of Quotas
  579. The Southwest Pacific: U.S. Interests and China's Growing Influence
  580. China's Anti-Satellite Weapon Test
  581. Is China a Threat to the U.S. Economy?
  582. China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy
  583. Social Unrest in China
  584. Politics of China
  585. The Collapse of One China
  586. China-Southeast Asia Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications for the United States
  587. Internet Development and Information Control in the People's Republic of China
  588. Internet Freedom in China
  589. Restrictions on Online Freedom of Expression in China
  590. China: Economic Sanctions
  591. Changing China: Xi Jinping's Effort to Return to Socialism
  592. The Divided China Problem: Conflict Avoidance and Resolution
  593. The Rise of China and Its Effect on Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea: U.S. Policy Choices
  594. China's Space Program: An Overview
  595. China's Trade with the United States and the World
  596. China's Growing Interest in Latin America
  597. China and the United States: From Hostility to Engagement
  598. China-U.S. Relations During the 108th Congress
  599. China's Foreign Conventional Arms Acquisitions: Background and Analysis
  600. Underlying Strains in Taiwan-U.S. Political Relations
  601. Taiwan in 2004: Elections, Referenda, and Other Democratic Challenges
  602. China-U.S. Aircraft Collision Incident of April 2001: Assessments and Policy Implications
  603. China Has Tried to Erase the Tiananmen Crackdown, But in the Work of Dissident Artists, It Lives on.
  604. China's Democide and War and Bloody Century | University of Hawaii.
  605. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) 2020 & 2019
  606. China Inclusive 2019 Human Rights Report
  607. China Inclusive Human Rights Report.
  608. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet)
  609. New Report Confirms China Continues to Kill Innocent People.
  610. Timeline: China Under Communist Rule.
  611. The Chinese Communist Party: 100 Years that Shook the World
  612. The Chinese Communist Party's Ideology and Global Ambitions.
  613. The Chinese Communist Party
  614. China's Communist Party Congress: A Really Simple Guide
  615. Communist Dictatorship in China (1949 - Present).
  616. Mao's Great Leap Forward 'Killed 45 Million in Four Years'.
  617. Chronology of Mass Killings During the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)
  618. China's Ultimate Hypocrisy Is the Killing of Its Own People
  619. Undermining Freedom of Expression in China
  620. Remembering the Biggest Mass Murder in the History
  621. Understanding China's Political System
  622. The 6th Press conference by Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous ...
  623. 4 Facts About Life Under Chairman Mao's Rule
  624. 5 Takeaways from China's Hong Kong National Security Law
  625. 7 Hong Kong Democracy Leaders Convicted as China Clamps Down
  626. 7 Simple Questions and Answers to Understand China and the U.S.
  627. 8 Things You Need to Know About China's Economy
  628. 9 Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Activists Sentenced for 2019 Protests
  629. 10 Ways China Has Changed Under Xi Jinping
  630. 10 Things You Need to know About Hong Kong’s National Security Law
  631. 15% of Tibet's Population Transferred to Chinese Training Centers as Mass Labor Program Expands
  632. 17 Facts About China.
  633. 65 Years of Communism and One Red Hot Hong Kong.
  634. 70 Years of Communist Rule in China.
  635. 100 Years of Suppression: The CCP's Strategies in Tibet, the Uyghur Region, and Hong Kong
▷ China: How, What, Who & Why
  1. How Hong Kong's Fight for Freedom Is a Global Battle.
  2. How Hong Kong Came Under 'One Country, Two Systems' Rule
  3. How Hong Kong Is Stifling Dissent from Protester to Prisoner.
  4. How Hong Kong Has Changed Since the 1997 Handover.
  5. How China Has Crushed Hong Kong’s Democracy
  6. How China′s National Security Law Threatens Hong Kong′s Internet Freedom.
  7. How China's Actions in the South China Sea Undermine the Rule of Laws.
  8. How China Could Force Biden’s Hand on Defending Taiwan
  9. How China 'Brainwashes' Uighurs in Prison
  10. How China Corralled 1 Million People into Concentration Camps.
  11. How China Is Using A.I. to Profile a Minority
  12. How China Distorts Its Minorities through Propaganda
  13. How China Mass Detention Camps Work
  14. How China 'Brainwashes' Uighurs in Prison
  15. How China Became Capitalist
  16. How the China Communist Party Runs the Country
  17. How China Is Ruled: Communist Party.
  18. How China Attacks Religion: Muslims, Christians, Buddhists Vulnerable.
  19. How China's Belt and Road Initiative Is Choking the Mekong River Basin Under Threat
  20. How China Combined Authoritarianism With Capitalism to Create a New Communism
  21. How Dissent Grows in China
  22. How Serious Is China's Economic Slowdown?
  23. How Life in Hong Kong Has Changed Under China's National Security Law
  24. How Many Died in 1989 Tiananmen Square Massacre?
  25. How Did China's Communist Regime Survive Tiananmen?.
  26. How the Communist Party in China Runs the Country
  27. How the Tiananmen Square Massacre Changed China Forever.
  28. How China's Neighbors Have Reacted to Map Claiming Their Land
  29. How Long Can the Communist Party Survive in China?
  30. How Does China Censor the Internet?.
  31. How Xi Jinping's 10 Years in Power Changed China
  32. How Protesters in China Bypass Online Censorship to Express Dissent
  33. How Large Is China's Economy? Does it Matter?
  34. What Is Xinjiang Like?
  35. What Is Hong Kong’s Extradition Bill?
  36. What Is Happening in Hong Kong?.
  37. What Is Happened to the Vanished Uighurs of Xinjiang?.
  38. What Is Happening with the Uighurs in China?
  39. What Is Been Happening in China's Xinjiang.
  40. What Is the Essence of Issues Related to Xinjiang? (video)
  41. What Is Behind the China-Taiwan Divide?
  42. What Is the Relationship Between China and Hong Kong?
  43. What Are the Implications of China's Anti-Sedition Laws in Hong Kong?
  44. What Chinese Officials Told Children Whose Families Were Put in Camps
  45. What Was Life Like in China (Mainland) in the 1980s?
  46. What Will the Youth Vote Mean for Taiwan’s Elections?.
  47. What If the US Removes Hong Kong's Special Status?
  48. What the 'Hong Kong Narrative' Gets Wrong
  49. What the West Gets Wrong About China
  50. What China Does to People Who Speak Out Against Them
  51. What China Promised Hong Kong’s Freedoms and How It’s Cracking Down
  52. What China Has Been Building in the South China Sea.
  53. What You Need to Know About South China Sea.
  54. What You Need to Know About China's Lockdown Protests
  55. What Happened to Hong Kong?
  56. What Type of Government Does China Have?
  57. What Does Xi Jinping’s Power Move Mean for China?
  58. What Does China Want from the Ukraine Crisis with Russia?
  59. Who Killed More: Hitler, Stalin, or Mao?.
  60. Who Are the Uighurs, and Why Was China Accused of Genocide?
  61. Who Are China's Political Prisoners?
  62. Who’s Who in Xi Jinping’s China as Leader Cements Power
  63. Why the South China Sea Fuels U.S.-China Tensions.
  64. Why It Is So Hard to Keep the World Focused on Tibet.
  65. Why Is Hong Kong Worried About China's New Law?
  66. Why Is Hong Kong Erupting?
  67. Why Is the Hong Kong COVID Death Rate So High?
  68. Why Are People Protesting in Hong Kong?
  69. Why Are There Protests in Hong Kong?.
  70. Why Are People Protesting in Hong Kong?
  71. Why Are the Young People of Hong Kong Angry and Deeply Unhappy?.
  72. Why Are UK and China Relations Getting Worse?
  73. Why Many in China Oppose Hong Kong’s Protests
  74. Why Protestors Are Demonstrating in Hong Kong
  75. Why Hong Kong and Mainland Chinese Aren’t Getting Along.
  76. Why Hong Kong Is Important to China.
  77. Why Hong Kong Can Never Copy Singapore's 'Dictatorship'
  78. Why Does the United States Care About Taiwan?.
  79. Why Do Many Chinese Sympathize With Russia in the Ukraine Conflict?
  80. Why Do Muslim States Stay Silent over China’s Abuse of the Uighurs?
  81. Why Now? Understanding Beijing's New Assertiveness in Hong Kong.
  82. Why Taiwan Is the Biggest Risk for a U.S.-China Clash.
  83. Why U.S.-China Relations Are Locked in a Stalemate
  84. Why US Believes China Will Send ‘Lethal Support’ to Russia
  85. Why the Chinese Internet Is Cheering Russia’s Invasion
  86. Why Chinese President Xi Jinping Must Stay in Power for His Survival
  87. Why China Supports Burma’s Dictators
  88. Why China Is So Obsessed with Hong Kong and Taiwan
  89. Why China Is Picking a Fight with Vietnam.
  90. Why China Is Far From Ready to Meet the U.S. on a Global Battlefront.
  91. Why China’s Move to Rein In Hong Kong Is Just the Start
  92. Why China's Ukraine Balancing Act Might Be Tilting in Putin's Favor
  93. Why China's Stand on Russia and Ukraine Is Raising Concerns | AP
  94. Why China Tells the World It’s Prospering as Economic Problems Deepen
▷ Middle East
  1. Arab and Muslim Leaders
  2. Meet to Condemn Israeli Aggression in Gaza
  3. Crisis in the Middle East
  4. European Views and Policies Toward the Middle East
  5. Conflicts in the Middle East: Explanation & Causes
  6. Conflict and Diplomacy in the Middle East - External Actors and Regional Rivalries
  7. List of Modern Conflicts in the Middle East
  8. Current Issues in the Middle East
  9. Crisis in Middle East
  10. Issues Transcending Regional Boundaries: The Middle East
  11. U.S. Strategic Interests in the Middle East and Implications for the Army
  12. U.S. Democracy Promotion Policy in the Middle East: The Islamist Dilemma
  13. The Middle East, War on Terror, and other Affair
  14. The Middle East Television Network: An Overview
  15. The Middle East Partnership Initiative: An Overview
  16. The Middle East: Selected Key Issues and Options for the 112th Congress
  17. Middle East Security Issues in the Shadow of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation
  18. Middle East Free Trade Area: Progress Report
  19. Middle East Security Issues and Solutions: Conflicts Arena
  20. Middle East Elections 2009: Lebanon, Iran, Afghanistan, and Iraq
  21. Middle East Security Issues in the Shadow of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation
  22. Middle East Conflict and COVID-19 – A View from 2025.
  23. Change in the Middle East: Implications for U.S. Policy
  24. The Impact of War on the People of the Middle East
  25. U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2011 Request
  26. Apple Once Threatened Facebook Ban over Mideast Maid Abuse
  27. Human Rights in the Middle East | Wikipedia
  28. Human Rights in the Middle East
  29. Human Rights in the Middle East and North Africa
  30. The Middle East, Old and New | Harvard
  31. Myths & Facts - Human Rights in Arab Countries
  32. Criticism of Islam | Wikipedia.
  33. The New Politics of Human Rights in the Middle East
  34. Problems Faced by Saudi Arabia
  35. Retired U.S. Generals, Admirals Take Top Jobs With Saudi Crown Prince
  36. Nourah al-Qahtani: Saudi Woman Jailed for 45 Years for Social Media Posts.
  37. Salma al-Shehab: Concern for Saudi Student Jailed for 34 Years over Tweets.
  38. “They Fired on Us Like Rain”: Saudi Arabian Mass Killings of Ethiopian Migrants at the Yemen-Saudi Border
  39. Freedom in Saudi Arabia Report
  40. U.S. Intelligence: Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman Approved Operation to Kill Jamal Khashoggi
  41. Crown Prince’s Wings Clipped as Khashoggi Death Rattles Riyadh.
  42. Jamal Khashoggi: All You Need to Know about Saudi Journalist's Death
  43. Reform and Repression Go Hand-in-Hand in Saudi Arabia.
  44. Trump Ignores the Saudis' Awful Record on Religious Freedom.
  45. The 2022 Country Report on Human Rights Practices: Saudi Arabia | United States Department of State
  46. Everything You Need to Know About Human Rights in Saudi Arabia
  47. Women's Education in Saudi Arabia
  48. Restrictions of Women in Saudi Arabia
  49. Human Rights: Saudi Arabia | Human Rights Watch.
  50. Human Rights in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  51. Human Rights in Saudi Arabia.
  52. Saudi Court Jails US Citizen for 16 Years over Critical Tweets.
  53. Saudis Warned of Jail Time for Posting Rumours After Harassment Claims.
  54. Saudi Rapper Faces Arrest for Mecca Girl Music Video.
  55. Saudi Arabia’s Religious Reforms Are Touching Nothing but Changing Everything.
  56. Saudi Arabia: Unrelenting Repression.
  57. Saudi Arabia Report 2020 Human Rights Report | United States Department of State
  58. Saudi Arabia: Critics Slam Human Trafficking of Moroccan ′Maids for Sale′
  59. Saudi Solutions for Political Reform
  60. Saudi Women Can Drive. Just Let Them.
  61. Saudi Arabia Ends Major Anti-Corruption Campaign
  62. Saudi Arabia: Reports of Torture and Sexual Harassment of Detained Activists
  63. Saudi Arabia: Terrorist Financing Issues
  64. Saudi Arabia's Economic Crisis.
  65. Saudi Arabia Creating a Total Mess in Lebanon
  66. Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations
  67. Saudi Arabia: Terrorist Financing Issues
  68. Saudi Arabia's Today's Latest News | Al Jazeera
  69. Saudi Is Wild Card in Middle East’s New Turmoil
  70. Saudi Arabia to Enforce January Deadline to Move Regional HQs to Riyadh
  71. Saudi Arabia in Ten Brutal Facts | amnesty.org
  72. Saudi Arabia Warns U.S.: Israeli Invasion of Gaza Could Be Catastrophic
  73. Saudi Arabia's Brutal Punishment of a Dissident.
  74. Saudi Arabia Looks for Security Assurances from US as Condition for Normalizing Ties with Israel
  75. Saudi Deal with Iran Worries Israel, Shakes up Middle East
  76. UN Accuses Saudi Arabia of Using Terror Laws to Suppress Free Speech
  77. Syrian Army Deploys to Manbij Area After Kurdish Calls to Deter Turkey.
  78. Syria: Overview of the Humanitarian Response
  79. Syria: Political Conditions and Relations with the United States After the Iraq War
  80. Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues
  81. Timeline of the Syrian Civil War (2023)
  82. Syrian Civil War
  83. Syria: The Story of the Conflict
  84. Conflict in Syria
  85. Syria Conflict Overview: 2011-2021
  86. The Current Situation in Syria
  87. Possible U.S. Intervention in Syria: Issues for Congress
  88. Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response
  89. In Trying to Help Syria, an Intervention Would Destroy It
  90. Questions About Syria
  91. Obama’s Syria Choice: Good for Politics, Good for the Constitution, Bad for Syria
  92. Russia's Vladimir Putin Challenges U.S. on Syria Claims
  93. Obama Announced Military Action Against Syria (video)
  94. US 'Has Evidence of Syrian Sarin Use'
  95. The Real Reasons Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman Wanted Khashoggi ‘Dead or Alive’.
  96. Mohammed bin Salman's Inner Circle Takes the Blame for Khashoggi's Death.
  97. Flashpoints in U.S.-Turkey Relations
  98. Kurdish–Turkish Conflict (1978–Present).
  99. Turkey Syria Offensive: Erdogan and Putin Strike Deal Over Kurds.
  100. Turkey, Syria, the Kurds, and Trump's Abandonment.
  101. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Turkey.
  102. Tensions Between Turkey and U.S. Soar as Trump Orders New Sanctions.
  103. Tensions Between Turkey and U.S. over Detained American Pastor.
  104. Women in Turkey.
  105. Women’s Struggle in Turkey and a New Transnational Declaration.
  106. Insulted Erdogan on NATO 'Impudence' over Enemy-Chart Scandal.
  107. Foreign Relations of Turkey.
  108. Is Turkey's Democracy Dying?.
  109. U.S. Suspends Visa Services in Turkey.
  110. Will Turkey Be Expelled from NATO.
  111. US-Turkey Tensions Boil Over After Arrest of Consulate Employee.
  112. Inside Turkey: The Crackdown, and the Loyalist.
  113. Erdogan's Turkey: The End Of Democracy?.
  114. Erdoğan's Turkey and the Problem of the 30 Million.
  115. Erdogan’s Economic Hail Mary Won't Work.
  116. Erdogan's March to Dictatorship in Turkey.
  117. Failed Turkish Coup Accelerated a Purge Years in the Making.
  118. Turkey Urges China to End Mass Detention of Muslims.
  119. Turkey Violence: How Dangerous Is Turkey's Instability?.
  120. Turkey Human Rights Watch .
  121. Turkey Pulls Troops Out of NATO Exercise Over 'Enemy' List.
  122. Turkey Demands China Close Camps After Reports of Musician's Death.
  123. Turkey's Thirty-Year Coup.
  124. Turkey Slammed for Quitting Treaty Protecting Women's Rights.
  125. Turkey Raises Uighur Issue with China as Hundreds Protest
  126. Turkey Withdraws from European Treaty Protecting Women.
  127. Turkey Withdraws from E.U. Treaty on Violence Against Women.
  128. Turkey's Currency Slumps on US Visa Spat.
  129. Turkish President Erdogan Blames US Ambassador for Visa Row.
  130. Turkey Sacks 3,900 Public Officials, bans TV Dating Shows.
  131. Turkey Sentences 40 to Life in Coup Attempt Against Erdogan.
  132. Turkey's Democracy Is Dying – But This Brutal Crackdown Can't Last.
  133. Turkey's Attacks on Women Wearing Shorts.
  134. Turkey's New Constitution Would End Its Democracy.
  135. Turkey Orders 400 Arrests in Continuing Post-Coup Crackdown.
  136. Turkey: Selected Foreign Policy Issues and U.S. Views
  137. Turkey Is Not the Country It Once Was.
  138. Turkey Is a Dictatorship Masquerading as a NATO Democracy.
  139. Turkey-U.S. Defense Cooperation: Prospects and Challenges
  140. Turkey: Problems, Policies, Parties.
  141. Turkey's President Erdoğan Is Losing Ground at Home.
  142. Turkey's Erdogan Shuts Schools, Charities in First State of Emergency Decree.
  143. Turkey Military Coup Attempt (7/16/2016): Turkey Coup Arrests Hit 6,000 as Erdogan Roots Out 'Virus'.
  144. Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations
  145. Turkey: Update on Crisis of Identity and Power
  146. Turkey's 2007 Elections: Crisis of Identity and Power
  147. Turkey: Issues for U.S. Policy (May 22, 2002)
  148. Struggling to Starve ISIS of Oil Revenue, U.S. Seeks Assistance from Turkey.
  149. Human Rights in Egypt
  150. Implications of Egypt's Turmoil on Global Oil and Natural Gas Supply
  151. Egypt's High Court Suspends Work, Ruling on Charter As Political Crisis Deepens.
  152. Egypt: Gen Abdulfattah al-Sisi Says US 'Turned Its Back'.
  153. Egypt Timeline: from Revolution to the Current Crisis.
  154. Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations
  155. Egypt’s Political Prisoners Recount Horrific Conditions
  156. Egypt in Crisis: Issues for Congress
  157. Egypt and the IMF: Overview and Issues for Congress
  158. Egypt: Revolution and Aftermath.
  159. Nile Countries Agree to Restart Talks Over Disputed Dam.
  160. EU Parliament Calls for Action over Egypt’s Human Rights Abuses
  161. Army Ousts Egypt’s President; Morsi Is Taken Into Military Custody.
  162. The Constant Violation of Human Rights in the UAE
  163. The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy
  164. UAE: Enforced Disappearance and Torture
  165. UAE: Migrant Worker Abuses Linked to Broader Climate Harms
  166. UAE: Greater Progress Needed on Women's Rights
  167. UAE: Political Issues and Security Dilemmas
  168. UAE Beat Foreign Prisoners and Gave Them Electric Shocks, Evidence Shows
  169. (UAE) Dubai: Alleged Victim of Gang Rape Sentenced to One Year in Prison - Los Angeles Times
  170. UAE: Adulterer to Be Lashed, Jailed in Sharjah
  171. UN Raises Concern Over Human Rights in United Arab Emirates (UAE).
  172. Americans and Canadian Held in UAE Acquitted – But 'Nightmare' Continues
  173. Human Rights Abuses & Corruption Threaten RAK Fitch Rating
  174. Human Rights in United Arab Emirates | Amnesty
  175. Human Rights in the United Arab Emirates
  176. Survivors Call for Action to Stop UAE Torture
  177. Woman Sentenced to Death by Stoning in Abu Dhabi
  178. United Arab Emirates | Human Rights Watch .
  179. Human Rights Watch Warns Expat Women About the UAE.
  180. Holding Hands, Drinking Wine and Other Ways to Go to Jail in Dubai
  181. United Arab Emirates Bribery & Corruption
  182. Modern Slavery in United Arab Emirates.
  183. A Princess Raced to Escape Dubai’s Powerful Ruler, then Her Phone Appeared on the List.
  184. A Threshold Crossed Israeli Authorities and the Crimes of Apartheid and Persecution | Human Rights Watch
  185. Israel and the UAE Establish 'Full Normalization of Relations'.
  186. The 2022 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: United Arab Emirates
  187. Over 200 Organizations Demand Action on UAE Human Rights Abuses Before COP28 Climate Talks
  188. Overseas Business Risk: United Arab Emirates
  189. Washington Needs to Do Something About the UAE's Dirty Money
  190. Inside the UAE's Secret Hacking Team of U.S. Mercenaries
  191. Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations
  192. Politics of Qatar
  193. Human Rights in Qatar
  194. Qatar: Migrant Construction Workers Face Abuse
  195. Qatar: Freedom in the World Country Report
  196. Qatar’s Regional Relations and Foreign Policy After Al Ula
  197. Asian Housemaid Gets Death for Adultery in Abu Dhabi (Qatar)
  198. Filipino Woman Gets 100 Lashes for Giving Birth in Qatar
  199. Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations
  200. Politics of Jordan
  201. World Report 2022: Jordan | Human Rights Watch
  202. Jordan's Royal Rift: A Family Feud Erupts - But Who's Actually Involved?
  203. List of Wars Involving Jordan
  204. Israel–Jordan Relations
  205. Jordan–Palestine Relations
  206. Pro-Palestine Protests in Jordan: What Do They Mean for Ties With the U.S. and Israel?
  207. Human Rights in Jordan
  208. Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy
  209. List of Wars Involving Oman
  210. Is Oman’s Hard Work With Yemen and Saudi Arabia Paying Off?
  211. Oman’s Interests and Role in the Conflict in Yemen
  212. Iran–Oman Relations
  213. Oman–Saudi Arabia Relations
  214. Arab League Boycott of Israel
  215. U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians
  216. U.S. Vetoes U.N. Cease-Fire Resolution; Aid System in Gaza Near Collapse
  217. Protesters Block Roads, Clash With Cops in Tel Aviv as Anger Over Overhaul Swells
  218. White House Calls Iran Complicit in Conflict; Biden Says Aid Isn't Getting to Gaza Fast Enough
  219. White House Laments Unilateral Passage of Overhaul Bill, as Democrats Echo Alarm
  220. International Reactions to the 2023 Israel–Hamas War
  221. Is Israeli Bombing of Gaza a Violation of International Laws?
  222. Casualties of the 2023 Israel–Hamas War
  223. Hundreds Killed as Israel Battles Hamas Forces Amid Worries over Hezbollah Role
  224. 'Hell on Earth': Israel Launches 10,000th Airstrike in Gaza, 700 People Reported Killed in Past 24 hours
  225. "Hundreds & Hundreds of Children Have Been Killed and Injured" in Gaza, UNICEF Says
  226. Damning Evidence of War Crimes as Israeli Attacks Wipe out Entire Families in Gaza
  227. Have War Crimes Been Committed in Israel and Gaza and What International Laws Apply?
  228. Commission of Inquiry Collecting Evidence of War Crimes committed by All Sides in Israel and Occupied Palestinian Territories Since 7 October 2023
  229. Experts say Hamas and Israel Are Committing War Crimes in Their Fight
  230. A Look at Gaza, the 140-Square-Mile Strip at the Core of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
  231. The Spring Terror Wave in Israel
  232. The World Is Turning Against Israel's War in Gaza – and Many Israelis Don’t Understand Why
  233. The Global War on the Jews
  234. Open Hatred of Jews Surges Globally, Inflamed by Gaza War
  235. Jewish People Were Targets of Anti-semitic Harassment in 94 Countries ...
  236. Anti-Semitism and Jewish Views on Discrimination
  237. Attitude of the Dutch Towards the Jews Before and After WWII
  238. Jews Faced Most Religious Hate Crimes in 2022, Updated FBI Data Shows
  239. Antisemitism Is on the Rise Again. Here's Why
  240. Tensions at the United Nations Continue as Gaza Faces 'Very Critical' Hours
  241. Released Palestinians Allege Abuse in Israeli Jails
  242. Residents Fleeing Areas of Central Gaza
  243. World Court to Hear Genocide Case Against Israel
  244. Read the Full Application Bringing Genocide Charges Against Israel at UN Top Court
  245. War Crimes in the 2023 Israel–Hamas War
  246. United Nations Report Says 70% of Deaths in Gaza Are Women and Children
  247. Two Thirds of Gaza War Dead Are Women and Children, ..., as Security Council Debates Their Plight
  248. Facts and Figures: Women and Girls during the War in Gaza | UN Women
  249. Scores of Palestinians Killed, Hundreds more Injured Trying to Access Aid in Gaza
  250. UN Chief Urges Probe into Gaza Aid Convoy Tragedy
  251. U.N. Expert on Torture Examines Treatment of Palestinian Detainees
  252. First Thing: UN Report Condemns Israeli Treatment of Palestinians in West Bank
  253. Devastation in Gaza as Israel Wages War on Hamas
  254. Pelosi Joins Call for Biden to Stop to Halt Arms Sales to Israel
  255. Biden 'Outraged' by Israeli Airstrike That Killed Aid Workers in Gaza
  256. Netanyahu Admits Israel Killed 7 Aid Workers in Gaza Airstrike
  257. Hungry, Thirsty and Humiliated: Israel’s Mass Arrest Campaign Sows Fear in Northern Gaza
  258. Student Protesters Call for Divestment from Israel. What That Means.
  259. US University Protests at USC, UVA, Michigan Campuses Amid Israel's War in Gaza
  260. A Timeline of How the Israel-Hamas War Has Roiled US College Campuses
  261. Israel's Use of Weapons Provided by US Likely Violated International Law
  262. Israel/OPT: Investigate War Crimes During August Offensive on Gaza
  263. Israel/OPT: Horrifying Cases of Torture and Degrading Treatment of Palestinian Detainees Amid Spike in Arbitrary Arrests - Occupied Palestinian Territory
  264. Israeli Doctor Says Detained Palestinians Are Undergoing ‘Routine’ Amputations for Handcuff Injuries
  265. Israel Denies Genocide Accusations at Top UN Court, ...
  266. Israeli Images Showing Palestinian Detainees in Underwear Spark Outrage
  267. Israel: ICJ, Not ICC, Set Hearings in Gaza Strip Genocide Case
  268. Genocide Case Against Israel: Where Does the Rest of the World Stand?
  269. Egypt Joined South Africa’s Genocide Case Against Israel at ICJ
  270. Israel Faces Allegations of Genocide in Gaza at International Court of Justice
  271. Israel: Starvation Used as Weapon of War in Gaza
  272. Israel Pushes Deeper into Rafah and Fights Hamas Militants
  273. Israel Is Committing War Crimes in Gaza ...
  274. Israeli-Palestinian Conflict | CFR
  275. Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
  276. Israel-Palestinian Conflict Marks Deadliest Day as ...
  277. Israel-Palestine Conflict: Today's Latest
  278. Israel–Palestine Crisis
  279. Israel-Palestine: Political Solution Only Way to End 'Senseless ...
  280. Israel-Palestinians: Prospects for a Two-State Solution
  281. Israeli-Palestinian Violence Is Spiraling in the Occupied West Bank
  282. Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process: The Annapolis Conference
  283. Israel-Hamas War: 7 World Central Kitchen Aid Workers Killed in Gaza Strike
  284. Israel-Hamas Conflict: Timeline and Key Developments
  285. Israel-Hamas: Conflict in Gaza (2008-2009)
  286. Israel-Hamas War (as of 12/23/2023): 20,424 Palestinians Killed, 54,036 People Injured by Israeli Attacks ...
  287. Israel-Hamas War Live Updates on Gaza Conflict and Latest Death Toll
  288. Israel-Hamas War: Casualties, Injuries and People Displaced
  289. Israel-Hamas War: Israeli Attacks on Gaza ... ‘Ongoing War on Children’
  290. Israel-Hamas War: Israeli Forces Step Up Bombardment and Make Another Incursion Into Gaza | NYT
  291. Israel-Hamas War: Israel Intensifies Airstrikes on Southern Gaza
  292. Israel-Hamas War: Israel Intensifies Assault on Gaza, Renewing Concern About Civilians
  293. Israel-Hamas War: 'We Were Treated Like Dogs' - Released Palestinian Prisoners Complain of Mistreatment
  294. Israel and Hamas Agree Gaza Truce, Biden Pledges ...
  295. Israel-Gaza: Londoner Loses 42 Family Members
  296. Israel-Gaza War: History of the Conflict Explained
  297. Israel-Gaza War: More than 100 Reported Killed in Crowd Near Gaza Aid Convoy
  298. Israel Bombards Gaza, Prepares Invasion as Biden Urges 'Path to Peace'
  299. Israel Is at War with Hamas | CNN
  300. Israeli President Suggests that Civilians in Gaza Are Legitimate Targets
  301. Israel Vows 'Mighty Vengeance' After Deadliest Day in 50 Years Following Surprise Hamas Attack
  302. Israel Declares War, Bombards Gaza and Battles to Dislodge Hamas Fighters
  303. Israel’s Relations in the Middle East, Explained
  304. Israel in the Middle East: The Next Two Decades
  305. Israel and Strategic Stability in the Middle East
  306. Israeli War Crimes | Wikipedia
  307. Israel: 50 Years of Occupation Abuses
  308. Israel Holds over 1,200 Detainees Without Charge. That's the Most in 3 Decades, a Rights Group Says
  309. Israel: U.S. Foreign Assistance
  310. Israel: Background and U.S. Relations
  311. Israel: Possible Military Strike Against Iran's Nuclear Facilities
  312. Israel's Blockade of Gaza and the Incident
  313. Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts, and U.S. Policy
  314. Israeli Criticism Sparks Anti-Jewish Remarks in Polish Media.
  315. Israel Blocked Sale of Pegasus Spyware to Ukraine and Estonia.
  316. Israelis Aren't Happy With Trump's Syria Withdrawal.
  317. Israel's Proposal to Withdraw from Gaza
  318. Israel's Offshore Natural Gas Discoveries Enhance Its Economic and Energy Outlook
  319. Israeli Opposition Nears Deal to Oust Netanyahu
  320. Israel Judicial Reform: Key Bill Becomes Law Amid Mass Protests
  321. Israel Removes Supreme Court Power to Oppose Government Action with Law Criticised as Threat to Democracy
  322. Israel and the Changing Middle East
  323. Israel and Occupied Palestinian Territories | Amnesty International
  324. Israel-Palestine Is a State of Permanent Conflict Punctuated by Periodic Carnage. Only the Watching World Can Stop It
  325. IDF Soldiers Film Themselves Abusing, Humiliating West Bank Palestinians | The Times of Israel
  326. The Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and Israel
  327. Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Palestinian Territories Occupied Since 1967 | un.org
  328. Human Rights in Israel
  329. Eurovision 2019: The Israeli-Palestinian Situation Explained
  330. U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel
  331. History of the Israeli–Palestinian Conflict | Wikipedia
  332. History of the Israel-Palestinian Conflict and What's Behind the Latest Clashes
  333. The History Behind Tensions Between Israelis and Palestinians
  334. A Historical Timeline of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
  335. Gaza Death Toll Tops 30,000 as over 100 Killed in Aid Convoy Violence
  336. Gaza Death Toll Surpasses 30,000 But It's an Incomplete Count
  337. Gaza Hospitals in Crisis, Says WHO – as It Happened
  338. Gaza Strip Conflict: Long History Behind Protest at Border
  339. Gaza: The History That Fuels the Conflict
  340. Gaza: UN Warns of Full-scale War Between Israel and Palestinians
  341. Hundreds Die and Hostages Held as Hamas Assault Shocks Israel
  342. Hamas: Hezbollah and Iran Will Join War If Israel Tries to 'Break Resistance'
  343. Hamas: Background and Issues for Congress
  344. Hamas Fighters Trained in Iran Before Oct. 7, 2023 Attacks
  345. The Hamas Hostage Crisis: New Front in Iran’s Proxy War
  346. After Years of Quiet, Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Exploded. Why Now?
  347. Celebrations in Gaza as Ceasefire Takes Hold
  348. 'A War Declaration': Palestinians in Israel Decry Mass Arrests ...
  349. World Report 2021: Israel and Palestine | Human Rights Watch
  350. Lebanon and Saudi Arabia's Love and Hate Relationship.
  351. In a Third Lebanon War, Israel Will Have to Contend With Increasingly Lethal Hezbollah Missiles
  352. Hezbollah Dragging Lebanon Closer to New Civil War.
  353. Hezbollah: Background and Issues for Congress
  354. World Report 2020: Israel and Palestine
  355. Accountability for International Crimes in Palestine
  356. The United Nations' Cultural Agency Granted the Palestinians Full Membership on 10/31/2011.
  357. Fatah and Hamas: the New Palestinian Factional Reality
  358. Full List of US Universities Staging Pro-Palestinian Protests
  359. Young Palestinian Prisoners Describe Harsh Treatment in Israeli Jails
  360. Palestinian Women Detained by Israel Allege Abuse in Israeli Custody
  361. Palestinian Detainees Report Israeli Beatings, Mistreatment as West Bank Arrests Surge
  362. Palestinian Boys and Men Detained Without Charge by Israeli Military Describe 5 Days of Alleged Abuse
  363. Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
  364. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas: Overview of Internal and External Challenges
  365. Palestinian Elections
  366. Palestinian Factions
  367. Palestinian Education and the Debate Over Textbooks
  368. Palestinian Initiatives at the United Nations
  369. The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations
  370. U.S. Security Assistance to the Palestinian Authority
  371. International Reaction to the Palestinian Unity Government
  372. United States Aid to the Palestinians
  373. The Origins of Hezbollah and Its Role in the Israel-Hamas Conflict
  374. Broken Lebanon Cannot Afford War Between Hezbollah and Israel
  375. Lebanon and the Uprising in Syria: Issue for Congress
  376. Lebanon: The Israel-Hamas-Hezbollah Conflict
  377. Lebanon: Background and U.S. Relations
  378. Lebanon: Background and U.S. Policy
  379. U.S. Security Assistance to Lebanon
  380. Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations
  381. At Least 488 killed in Iran Protests
  382. At Least 326 Killed in Iran Protests
  383. US Foreign Policy and the Future of Democracy in Iran
  384. Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty
  385. Democracy in Iran? Will We Ever See the Day?
  386. The Crisis in Iran: What Now?
  387. The Islamic Republic of Iran: A Dangerous Regime
  388. The World Bank and Iran
  389. The US-Iran Conflict: A Timeline of How We Got Here
  390. Iranian General Acknowledges over 300 Dead in Unrest
  391. Iranian Man, 27, Shot Dead for Celebrating Team’s World Cup Exit
  392. Iranian Democracy: A Century of Struggle, Setback ...
  393. Iran's Threat to the Strait of Hormuz
  394. Iran Sanctions
  395. Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses
  396. Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions
  397. Iran-Iraq Relations
  398. Iran Protests: Identifies Many more People Killed
  399. Iran and Democracy
  400. Iran Is the Middle East's Most Dangerous Tinderbox
  401. Iranian Revolution
  402. Iran: Ethnic and Religious Minorities
  403. Iran's 2009 Presidential Elections
  404. Iran’s Protests ... and the Afghan Sisters Next Door
  405. Iran: Profile of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  406. Iran's Nuclear Program: Status
  407. Iran's Foreign Minister: Armed Groups Are Poised With 'Their Finger on the Trigger'
  408. Iran Threatens to 'bury' Israel, US If IDF Invades of Gaza in Retaliation for Hamas Attack
  409. Iran Is the Middle East's Most Dangerous Tinderbox
  410. Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)
  411. Iran's Economic Conditions: U.S. Policy Issues
  412. Iran: Regional Perspectives and U.S. Policy
  413. Iran’s Rulers, Shaken by Protests, Now Face Currency Crisis
  414. Whither Iran on the Revolution’s Anniversary?
  415. World Report 2022: Iran | Human Rights Watch
  416. The Looming Threat of a Nuclear Crisis with Iran
  417. The 13 Crises Facing Iran
  418. Smoldering Iran Nuclear Crisis Risks Catching Fire
  419. Terror and Tehran
  420. The US-Iran Conflict: A Timeline of How We Got Here
  421. Iraq, Iran Act Against Sweden After Koran Protests
  422. Outrage Over Man Who Desecrated Quran Prompts Protesters to Set Swedish Embassy in Iraq on Fire
  423. Protesters Angry Over Quran Burning Storm Swedish Embassy in Baghdad
  424. Iraq Expels Sweden's Ambassador Over Quran Burning, After Protests at Swedish Embassy
  425. Thousands Protest in Iraq for a Second Day Over Burning of Quran in Sweden
  426. Denmark's Latest Quran Burning Sparks More Outrage in Iraq and other Muslim Nations
  427. US Warns Iraq It Could Shutter Embassy in Baghdad
  428. US Embassy in Baghdad Cleared of Protesters After Second Day of Demonstrations
  429. Middle East and North Africa Unrest: Implications for Oil and Natural Gas Markets
  430. The Egypt-Gaza Border and its Effect on Israeli-Egyptian Relations
  431. The Middle East: Selected Key Issues and Options for the 112th Congress
  432. The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq
  433. Has Democratization in Iraq Failed?
  434. U.S. Treatment of Prisoners in Iraq: Selected Legal Issues
  435. U.S. Forces in Iraq
  436. The "Red-Dead" Canal: Israeli-Arab Efforts to Restore the Dead Sea
  437. Issues Concerning the Prospective Security Agreement Between the United States and Iraq
  438. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Strategies, Approaches, Results, and Issues for Congress
  439. U.S. Embassy in Iraq
  440. Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy
  441. Post-War Iraq: Foreign Contributions to Training, Peacekeeping, and Reconstruction
  442. Iraq: Summary of U.S. Forces
  443. Iraq: Tribal Structure, Social, and Political Activities
  444. Iraq's Sadr Flexes His Muscles with Swedish Embassy Torching
  445. Iraq: Map Sources
  446. Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights
  447. Iraqi Civilian, Police, and Security Forces Casualty Estimates
  448. Iraqi Police and Security Forces Casualty Estimates
  449. Iraqi Casualties: U.S. Military Forces and Iraqi Civilians, Police, and Security Forces
  450. Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief
  451. Iraq: Oil and Gas Legislation, Revenue Sharing, and U.S. Policy
  452. Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security
  453. Iraq: Regional Perspectives and U.S. Policy
  454. Iraq: Reconstruction Assistance
  455. Iraq: Former Regime Weapons Programs and Outstanding U.N. Issues
  456. Iraq: U.S. Casualties
  457. Iraqi Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons: A Deepening Humanitarian Crisis?
  458. Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates
  459. Iraq: Milestones Since the Ouster of Saddam Hussein
  460. Iraq: Debt Relief
  461. Iraq Oil: Reserves, Production, and Potential Revenues
  462. Iraq's New Security Forces: The Challenge of Sectarian and Ethnic Influences
  463. Iraq: Frequently Asked Questions About Contracting
  464. Iraq: Transition to Sovereignty
  465. Iraq's Trade with the World: Data and Analysis
  466. Iraq War: Background and Issues Overview
  467. Iraq: U.N. Inspections for Weapons of Mass Destruction
  468. Iraq: U.S. Military Operations
  469. Iraq: A Compilation of Legislation Enacted and Resolutions Adopted by Congress, 1990-2003
  470. Iraq: United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations
  471. Iraq: Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Capable Missiles and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
  472. Iraq: Weapons Programs, U.N. Requirements, and U.S. Policy
  473. Iraq: Former and Recent Military Confrontations with the United States
  474. Iraq: Oil for Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade
  475. Iraq: The Turkish Factor
  476. Iraq: Divergent Views on Military Action
  477. Iraq: Post-War Challenges and U.S. Responses, 1991-1998
  478. The United Nations Security Council Its Role in the Iraq Crisis: A Brief Overview
  479. War in Yemen News
  480. Biden: US Delivered Private Message to Iran About Houthi Attacks
  481. Yemen's Houthis Vow Strong Response After New US Strike
  482. US and Britain Strike Yemen in Reprisal for Houthi Attacks on Shipping
  483. Yemen War: Facts, FAQs, ...
  484. War in Yemen
  485. Yemen’s Tragedy: War, Stalemate, and Suffering
  486. Yemeni Civil War (2014–Present)
  487. Yemen: Background and U.S. Relations
  488. Yemen: Current Conditions and U.S. Relations
  489. US Warship Intercepts Missiles Fired from Yemen 'Potentially Towards Israel'
  490. Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy
  491. Bahrain 2020 Human Rights Report | state.gov)
  492. You Can’t Call Bahrain a Democracy: Bahrain’s Political Isolation Laws
  493. Human Rights Watch World Reports on Bahrain: 2023 & 2022
  494. Human Rights in Bahrain
  495. Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy
  496. Human Rights in Kuwait
  497. Kuwait: Human Rights Report
  498. The American Public and the Arab Awakening.
  499. The Persian Gulf States: Post-War Issues for U.S. Policy
  500. 5 Countries Ask International Criminal Court to Investigate the Situation in Palestinian Territories | CNN
  501. 6 Days War that Changed the Middle East
  502. 10 Shocking Facts About Human Rights in Saudi Arabia
  503. 10 Ways that Saudi Arabia Violates Human Rights
  504. 15,000 Iranian Protesters Face Death Following Bloody Friday Massacre
▷ Middle East: How, What, Who & Why
  1. How Israel Jails Hundreds of Palestinians Without Charge
  2. How Israel Holds Thousands of Palestinian Prisoners in Jail Without Charge
  3. How Israel's Judicial System Handles the Estimated 7,000 Palestinians in Its Prisons
  4. How Hamas and Hezbollah Are Different and Why They Might Cooperate Against Israel
  5. How the Israel-Hamas Conflict Has Unfolded in Maps, Graphics and Videos
  6. How Free Expression Is Suppressed in Saudi Arabia, and Ways the Government Violates Human Rights.
  7. How Trump's Phone Call Changed the War - Syrian Surprise.
  8. How the US-Turkey Relationship Fell Apart
  9. How Deep Are Saudi Arabia's Troubles?.
  10. How Iran May Figure Into This New War in the Middle East
  11. How Iran Became an Undemocratic Democracy.
  12. How Iranian Women Fight Surveillance With Sanitary Pads
  13. How China, Russia and Iran Are Profiting from the Information Chaos Around the Israel-Hamas War
  14. How the 'Law of War' Could Apply to an Israeli Ground Invasion of Gaza
  15. How Many Palestinians Have Died in Gaza? Death Toll Explained
  16. How to Think Through Allegations of Genocide in Gaza
  17. What Has Happened and What Has Caused the Israel-Hamas War and the Conflict?
  18. What Relationship Can the US and Turkey Have After 2020
  19. What Israel-Palestine Conflict Is All About and Why Both Want West Bank & Gaza Strip
  20. What to Know About Hamas, Whose Militants Attacked Israel from Gaza
  21. What Is the Iran Nuclear Deal?.
  22. What Is the Greatest Problem in Turkish Politics?.
  23. What Is Next for Israel’s Judicial Overhaul?
  24. What Is South Africa's Genocide Case Against Israel at the ICJ?
  25. What Is U.S. Policy on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.
  26. What Is Hezbollah, and How Will It Influence the Israel-Hamas War?
  27. What Is the History of the Conflict Between Israel and Palestine in the Middle East.
  28. What Is the Real Net Worth of the Saudi Royal Family?
  29. What Is Happening and Why Does Gaza-Israel Conflict Matter?
  30. What Is Fueling Clashes that Originated Israel-Palestine Conflict in Jerusalem
  31. What Is Going on in Turkey?.
  32. What Is Going on Between Sweden and Iraq, and Why Are Copies of the Koran Being Desecrated?
  33. What Is the Israel-Palestinian Conflict About and How Did It Start?
  34. What Is the Israel-Palestine Conflict About? A Simple Guide
  35. What Is Hamas and Why Is It Fighting with Israel in Gaza?
  36. What Is Behind the Relationship Between Israel and Arab Gulf States?
  37. What Is Behind US College Protests over Israel-Gaza War?
  38. What Are the Roots of the Israel-Palestine Conflict?.
  39. What Are Women Banned from Doing in Saudi Arabia?
  40. What Are the Issues Facing Palestinians Today?
  41. What Are the Palestinians Saying About Israel’s Judicial Reform Crisis?
  42. What Caused Yemen’s Crisis?
  43. What You Need to Know About the Fight over Israel’s Court System
  44. What You Need to Know About
  45. China’s Saudi-Iran Deal
  46. What to Know About the Hajj Pilgrimage and Why It Matters to Muslims
  47. What We Know About Palestinians Detained in Israel
  48. What We Know About the Killing of over 100 Palestinians Near Aid Trucks
  49. What Women Can and Can’t Do in Saudi Arabia
  50. What International Law Has to Say About the Israel-Hamas War
  51. Who Is Fighting in Yemen's War?
  52. Who Are Hamas and why Did the Militant Group Attack Israel in 2023?
  53. Who Are Yemen’s Houthis? Can They Strike Israel?
  54. Who Are the Kurds, and Why Is Turkey Attacking Them?.
  55. Why Are Israel and the Palestinians Fighting over Gaza
  56. Why Has Radical Islam Sprung from Egypt and Saudi Arabia?
  57. Why Has the Syrian War Lasted 12 Years?
  58. Why Women Flee from Saudi Arabia
  59. Why Democracy in Iran Failed and How It Might Succeed
  60. Why the UAE Made Peace with Israel?
  61. Why the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Is Escalating
  62. Why the 2023 Israeli-Palestinian Fighting Is Among the Most Brutal in Years - Timeline of Conflict
  63. Why the Specter of Hezbollah in the Israel-Hamas War Endangers the World
  64. Why Is the Yemen War There Getting more Violent?
  65. Why Is There a Civil War in Syria?
  66. Why Is Ireland the Most Anti-Israel Country in Europe?
  67. Why Is South Korea So Anti-Semitic?
  68. Why Hamas Atrocities Lead the Left to Hate Israel More
  69. Why the Jewish People Have Always Faced Hate
  70. Why Does the US Still Have Forces in Syria?
  71. Why Does Antisemitism Persist?
  72. Why Does Sweden Allow Quran Burnings? Like Much of West, It Has No Blasphemy Laws
  73. Why Does Israel Have So Many Palestinians in Detention and Available to Swap?
  74. Why Do People Hate Jews and Judaism? | The Washington Post
  75. Why Do People Hate Israel?
  76. Why Did the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Explode Now?
  77. Why Middle East Muslims Are Taught to Hate Jews
  78. Why Israel's Push into Gaza Is Killing So Many Children
  79. Why Israel Hates the Palestinians So Much
  80. Why Arabs and Muslims Will Not Accept Israel as the Jewish State
  81. Why They Hate the Jews
▷ Europe
  1. China Relationship Will Be Determined by Beijing's Behaviour, EU Policy Chief Says
  2. Europe Presses Tough Taiwan Stance After Backlash Against Macron Comments
  3. Dutch Government to Restrict Sales of Processor Chip Tech
  4. The EU’s Response to the War in Ukraine
  5. Member States of NATO
  6. Europe, the US and China: A Love-Hate Triangle?
  7. Russia-Ukraine Tensions Add to Europe’s Economic Worries
  8. The Russia-Ukraine War, European Financial Integration, and Crises
  9. Europe After the Ukraine War
  10. After Russia Invaded Ukraine, Europe Changed Its Entire Foreign Policy
  11. Russia–European Union Relations
  12. Russia-EU Relations: The End of a Strategic Partnership
  13. Ukraine: Conflict at the Crossroads of Europe and Russia
  14. Finland–NATO Relations
  15. Finland Is on the Verge of Asking to Join NATO, Why that's Bad News for Putin
  16. Sweden and Finland Are on the Cusp of Joining NATO ...
  17. Poland to Expel 45 Russians Accused of Spying
  18. EU Agrees to Freeze Assets of Putin, Foreign Minister Lavrov | AP News
  19. Peace in Europe 'shattered' as Russia Invades Ukraine | CNN
  20. A Soft Alliance Russia-China Relations After the Ukraine Crisis
  21. Political Developments in Europe 1450-1750
  22. Switzerland Government Structure and Political Parties
  23. Political System in Switzerland
  24. Switzerland's Government and Politics
  25. Switzerland Politics, Relations & Current Affairs
  26. Economic and Political Overview in Switzerland
  27. The Swiss Political System and Local Government
  28. Switzerland Remains an Island of Political Stability
  29. Swiss Leaks: Murky Cash Sheltered by Bank Secrecy
  30. The Dutch Political System in a Nutshell
  31. Politics in the Netherlands
  32. “The Biggest Problem in the Netherlands”: Understanding the Party for Freedom’s Politicization of Islam
  33. Economic and Political Overview in the Netherlands
  34. The Netherlands: Political Development and Data for 2017
  35. "True Freedom" and the Dutch Tradition of Republicanism
  36. Gender Equality in the Netherlands
  37. The Parliamentary System of Denmark
  38. Power and Democracy in Denmark: Still a Viable Democracy
  39. Democratisation of Denmark – The Inclusion of Women in Political Citizenship
  40. The Danish Cultural Heritage: Economics and Politics
  41. Open Access in Denmark – New Politics and Demands
  42. Greenland, Denmark, and U.S. Relations
  43. Swedish Embassy in Iraq Relocates After Attack over Quran Burning
  44. US Condemns Attack in Swedish Embassy in Baghdad, Criticizes Iraq Security
  45. Iraqi Security Forces Disband Protests at Swedish Embassy in Baghdad over Quran Burning
  46. Political Understanding Between Socialdemokratiet, Radikale Venstre, SF and Enhedslisten: A Fair Direction for Denmark
  47. Swedish Politics: Past and Present
  48. The Changing Political Landscape in Sweden
  49. Media and Politics in Sweden
  50. White Ignorance, Race, and Feminist Politics in Sweden
  51. The Surprising Ingredients of Swedish Success – Free Markets and Social Cohesion
  52. Women’s Political Representation and Gender Quotas - The Swedish Case
  53. The Rise of Sweden Democrats: Islam, Populism and the End of Swedish Exceptionalism
  54. Political System of Norway
  55. The Norwegian Study on Power and Democracy
  56. The Norwegian Experience with Gender Quotas
  57. Norwegian Politics for Dummies
  58. Education Policy Outlook Norway
  59. An Introduction to Norway - Life in Norway
  60. Norway's Left Wing Opposition Wins General Election, PM Solberg Concedes
  61. Norway’s Foreign Politics During the Union with Sweden, 1814-1905: A Reconsideration
  62. Norway - Government and Society
  63. Political Participation and Representation in Norway
  64. Media and Politics in Norway
  65. Action Plan for Women’s Rights and Gender Equality in Development Cooperation in Norway
  66. Education Reform in Norway: Looking Beyond Politics to Bring Sustained Change
  67. Political System of Germany
  68. Germany and Politics of Eurozone
  69. Overview: Political Education in Germany
  70. Germany′s Political Parties
  71. Germany - Politics, 1890–1914
  72. The German Government and Political System
  73. The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations, January 27, 2010
  74. Political Economics and the Weimar Disaster
  75. German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications
  76. Germany's Relations with Israel: Background and Implications for German Middle East Policy
  77. Has Historian Finally Found Real Reason for Hitler's Obsessive Hatred of Jews?
  78. Hitler’s Antisemitism – The Coming Storm
  79. Nazi Policy Towards Women - Life in Nazi Germany, 1933-1939
  80. Nazi Indoctrination and Anti-Semitic Beliefs in Germany
  81. Anti-Semitism in European and German History
  82. Germany Refuses Turkey’s Request to Spy on Opponents of Erdogan.
  83. Sibelius, the Nazis and the Political Culture of Finland
  84. The Finnish Political System
  85. Contesting Gender Equality Politics in Finland: The Finns Party Effect
  86. Gender Equality Policies in Finland
  87. Economic and Political Overview in Finland
  88. Finland and the 2030 Agenda
  89. Europe's Big Problems (2020)
  90. Anti-France Protests Draw Tens of Thousands Across Muslim ...
  91. Muslims Protest Against French Rhetoric Following Knife Attack ...
  92. Islam in France | Wikipedia.
  93. Islamophobia: Understanding Anti-Muslim Sentiment in the West.
  94. Europe: Refugees & Migrants’ Rights.
  95. France Tells Italy 'Playtime Is Over' in Diplomatic Row.
  96. France Recalls Ambassador to Italy, Revealing Strains at Europe’s Core.
  97. Italy Blames France for ‘Migrant Problem’.
  98. If Italian Corruption Were Its Own Country, It Would Be the World’s 76th Largest Economy.
  99. The Government and Politics of France.
  100. Guide to the French Government
  101. The French Government and Political System
  102. The Political System of the United Kingdom
  103. UK PM Urges EU Action to Ease Brexit Tensions in NI
  104. June 23, 2016 - Brexit: The UK's EU Referendum: All You Need to Know
  105. Brexit: David Cameron to Quit After UK Votes to Leave EU
  106. Northern Ireland: The Peace Process
  107. Winston S. Churchill - Biography, Death & Speeches
  108. Europe's New Politics of Fear of Turkey.
  109. The EU Moves to Counter Russian Disinformation Campaign.
  110. "EU Parliament Urges Fight Against Russia's 'Fake News'.
  111. It’s Time to Fix Europe — or Lose It.
  112. The Quran's Deadly Role in Inspiring Belgian Slaughter.
  113. Is Poland Taking an Authoritarian Turn? Its New President Explains..
  114. Vatican Signs First Treaty With 'the State of Palestine'.
  115. EU- U.S. Economic Ties: Framework, Scope, and Magnitude.
  116. European Union Enlargement.
  117. The European Union: Questions and Answers.
  118. U.S.- EU Cooperation Against Terrorism.
  119. The European Union: Ongoing Challenges and Future ...
  120. The European Union's Coming Challenges
  121. In a Ban, a Measure of European Tolerance.
  122. Europe's Energy Security: Options and Challenges to Natural Gas Supply Diversification.
  123. European Union Wind and Solar Electricity Policies: Overview and Considerations.
  124. European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations.
  125. The European Parliament.
  126. Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive.
  127. The United Kingdom and U.S.-UK Relations.
  128. The European Union: Foreign and Security Policy.
  129. The United States and Europe: Current Issues
  130. The U.S. Congress and the European Parliament: Evolving Transatlantic Legislative Cooperation.
  131. The Eurozone Crisis: Overview and Issues for Congress.
  132. Aviation and the European Union's Emission Trading Scheme
  133. Chemical Regulation in the European Union: Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals (2013).
  134. U.S.- EU Trade and Economic Relations: Key Policy Issues for the 112th Congress.
  135. The Future of the Eurozone and U.S. Interests.
  136. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Current Issues and U.S. Policy.
  137. Europe's Preferential Trade Agreements: Status, Content, and Implications.
  138. Missile Defense and NATO's Lisbon Summit.
  139. U.S.-EU Poultry Dispute.
  140. The U.S.- EU Beef Hormone Dispute.
  141. Frequently Asked Questions About IMF Involvement in the Eurozone Debt Crisis.
  142. The European Union's Response to the 2007-2009 Financial Crisis
  143. Greece's Debt Crisis: Overview, Policy Responses, and Implications
  144. Future of the Balkans and U.S. Policy Concerns
  145. U.S.-French Commercial Ties
  146. Greece and Italy Are Listed Among Corrupt in Europe.
  147. Poland's New Government: Background and Issues for the United States
  148. European Union - U.S. Trade and Investment Relations: Key Issues
  149. U.S.-European Union Relations and the 2007 Summit
  150. The European Union's Energy Security Challenges
  151. Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations and Related Issues
  152. Balkan Cooperation on War Crimes Issues
  153. Europe's New Trade Agenda
  154. Bosnia and the European Union Military Force (EUFOR): Post-NATO Peacekeeping
  155. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Issues for U.S. Policy
  156. Bosnia War Crimes: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and U.S. Policy
  157. The European Union in 2005 and Beyond
  158. European Union's Arms Control Regime and Arms Exports to China: Background and Legal Analysis
  159. European Union's Arms Embargo on China: Implications and Options for U.S. Policy
  160. France: Factors Shaping Foreign Policy, and Issues in U.S.-French Relations
  161. Greece Update
  162. Kosovo and U.S. Policy: Background to Independence
  163. Kosovo: Current Issues and U.S. Policy
  164. Macedonia (FYROM): Post-Conflict Situation and U.S. Policy
  165. Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy
  166. Muslims in Europe: Promoting Integration and Countering Extremism
  167. Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia
  168. Serbia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy
  169. Serbia and Montenegro Union: Prospects and Policy Implications
  170. The United States and Europe: Possible Options for U.S. Policy
  171. 5 Challenges for the European Union
  172. 6 Issues that Will Shape the EU (2017)
  173. 7 Brexit Things Changing on 1 January 2021
  174. 9 People Detained over Beheading of Teacher in Paris Suburb.
  175. 10 Things You Need to Know About the Swiss Political System.
  176. 1000's Attend Anti-Nazi Rally in Hungary to Protest Lawmaker’s Call to Screen Jews
▷ Europe: How, What, Who & Why
  1. How Helpless Is Europe?
  2. How Russia's Relationship with Europe Has Evolved
  3. How a Russian Invasion of Ukraine Could Spill Over into Europe
  4. How Switzerland’s Direct Democracy Works
  5. How Sweden Is Governed
  6. How Not to Fight Terrorism: Lessons from Belgium, Turkey, and Maybe the USA.
  7. What Issues Are Europeans Most Concerned About?
  8. What Are Europe's Top Three Challenges? Not Brexit, Not ...
  9. When Will Sweden and Finland Join NATO?
  10. Who Runs Switzerland's Government?
  11. Who Is Theresa May: UK's Next Prime Minister - Brexit
  12. Why Did Hitler Hate the Jews?
  13. Why Did Hitler Hate Jews?
  14. Why Did Adolf Hitler Hate the Jews?
  15. Why Hitler Wanted to Exterminate Jews
  16. Why Hitler Blamed the Jews and the Communists for Germany’s Economic Troubles
  17. Why France Incites Such Anger in Muslim World
  18. Why Russia's Putin Uses WWII to Justify Attacks in Ukraine
  19. Why Are Sweden and Finland Not Yet in Nato and Does the Alliance Want Them?
  20. Why Europe Has No Say in the Russia-Ukraine Crisis
  21. Why Europe Will Choose the US over China
▷ East Europe: Russia - Ukraine - Armenia - Azerbaijan - Belarus - Georgia - Kyrgyzstan - Turkmenistan
  1. US Had Warned Russia ISIS Was Determined to Attack
  2. Alexei Navalny's Wife Says She'll Continue Fight Against Putin, Russia
  3. Alexei Navalny, Fierce Putin Critic, Dies in Custody
  4. Yulia Navalnaya: Russian Opposition Leader's 'Principled and Fearless' Widow
  5. Get the Latest Ukraine News Today - KyivPost
  6. War in Ukraine | BBC
  7. European Parliament Declares Russia a State Sponsor of Terrorism
  8. After a Quarter Century in Power, Russian President Putin Isn't Going Anywhere
  9. With New Six-Year Term, Putin Cements Hold on Russian Leadership
  10. Putin Issues Alert after Drones Hit Russia
  11. Putin Killed Mercenary Boss Prigozhin, Zelenskyy Says
  12. Putin May Still Seek Revenge on Wagner Boss – CIA Chief
  13. Putin Loses 6,000 Troops in 2 Weeks as Russia's Weaknesses Exposed: Ukraine
  14. Putin Has Made America Great Again
  15. Putin's Russia Looks Increasingly Desperate as Ukraine War Drags: Analysts
  16. Putin Describes Secret Operation to Seize Crimea
  17. Putin, Kremlin Critic Navalny Set Battle Plans for Next Phase
  18. Putin’s Dictatorship
  19. Putin Waves Nuclear Sword in Confrontation with the West
  20. Putin's War in Ukraine
  21. Putin’s Obsession with Ukraine as a ‘Russian Land’
  22. Vladimir Putin 'Corruption': Five Things We Learned About the Russian President's Secret Wealth.
  23. Vladimir Putin Is Mentally Unstable, Majority of Americans Believe: Poll
  24. Has Putin’s Assault on Ukraine’s Power Grid Failed?
  25. A Crisis Erupts in Russia
  26. G7 to Announce Long-Term Ukraine Security Package at Nato Summit
  27. Reports of Putin's Problems Are Mounting
  28. Is Vladimir Putin a Dictator?
  29. Inside the Stunning Growth of Russia’s Wagner Group
  30. Inside the Wagner Group, Russia’s Mercenary Force
  31. Ally of Wagner Group Boss Hurt in ‘Assassination Attempt’ in Central Africa
  32. Pope Francis Calls Chechens and Buryats "The Cruellest" Russian Troops Fighting in Ukraine
  33. More Russian Troops Were Killed in Ukraine in 2 Weeks than U.S. Troops in Entire Iraq War
  34. World Leaders Mourn Death of Last Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev
  35. Mikhail Gorbachev, Who Oversaw the End of the Soviet Union, Is Dead at 91
  36. Mikhail Gorbachev, Last Leader of the Soviet Union, Dies at 91
  37. U.S. Supplemental Funding for Ukraine: In Brief
  38. November 30, 2022 Russia-Ukraine News | CNN
  39. The 2022 Ukraine Conflict
  40. Russian Presidential Election 2024: Putin Extends One-man Rule After Stage-managed Election Devoid of Credible Opposition
  41. Russia’s War in Ukraine - U.S. Sanctions on Russia
  42. Russia’s War in Ukraine | RAND
  43. Russia Is in Agony, But Putin's Dictatorship Is Going Down
  44. Russia's Problems Go Far Beyond Putin
  45. Russia Issues Dire Warning About Nuclear War
  46. Russia Protests to Armenia as Tensions Rise over Disputed Caucasus Region
  47. Russia-Ukraine War: List of Key Events, Day 516 | Al Jazeera
  48. Russia-Ukraine War News & Latest Pictures | Newsweek
  49. Russia-Ukraine: Breaking News & Live Updates | AP News
  50. Russian Invasion of Ukraine: Latest News, Analysis and Videos | CNN
  51. Russia's Problems with Military Professionalization
  52. Russia’s Latest Sanctions on U.S. Officials Turn to Trump Enemies
  53. Russia-Ukraine War at a Glance: What We Know on Day 347 of the Invasion
  54. Russia’s War in Ukraine: Military and Intelligence Aspects
  55. Russia’s War Against Ukraine: Overview of U.S. Sanctions and Other Responses
  56. Russian Families Grieve War Deaths as Kremlin Conceals the True Toll
  57. Russia Military Deaths Pass 36k, Ukraine Says, as Putin's Gains Exact Heavy Toll
  58. Russian Soldier Death Toll Reaches 30,000 in Ukraine War
  59. Russia-Ukraine: War Without an End?
  60. Russia Has Become a Classic Dictatorship
  61. Russia's 'Dictatorship-of-the-Law' Approach to Internet Policy
  62. Russian Invasion of Ukraine
  63. Russia Invades Ukraine | CNN
  64. Russia Invades Ukraine | NPR
  65. Russian Forces Invade Ukraine
  66. Russian Invasion of Ukraine
  67. Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine Has Changed the World
  68. Russia's War in Ukraine Has Already Changed the Global Economy
  69. Russia's Garzprom Suspends Gas Transit Through Poland to Europe After Putin's Order
  70. Russia-Ukraine War: Insights and Analysis | Harvard Kennedy School
  71. Russia Puts U.S. Top of 'Unfriendly Countries' List
  72. Russia in Latin America
  73. Russia in Africa
  74. Russia: A Postmodern Dictatorship?
  75. Russia: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report
  76. Russia: The Eternal Great Power
  77. Russia Under Vladimir Putin
  78. Russia–Ukraine Relations and War
  79. Russia and the “Color Revolution”
  80. Russia’s War in Ukraine: Identity, History, and Conflict
  81. Russian Soldiers Raped Dozens, Impregnated 9 in Bucha Basement — Ukraine Says
  82. Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests.
  83. Russian Capital Flight, Economic Reforms, and U.S. Interests: An Analysis.
  84. Russian Fighter Aircraft Industrial Base: Parallels with the United States?
  85. Russia's March 2012 Presidential Election: Outcome and Implications
  86. Russia's December 2011 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications
  87. Russian Military Reform and Defense Policy
  88. Russia's December 2007 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications
  89. Russia's Assault on Freedom of Expression
  90. Russian Opposition Leader Alexei Navalny Sentenced to Prison
  91. Russian Court Sentences Kremlin Critic Alexei Navalny to Three and Half Years in Jail
  92. Russian Energy Policy Toward Neighboring Countries
  93. Russia's Economic Performance and Policies and Their Implications for the United States
  94. Russia-Georgia Conflict in August 2008: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests
  95. Russia's 2008 Presidential Succession
  96. Russia's Accession to the WTO and Its Implications for the United States.
  97. Russian Opposition Politician Blasts 'Two Dictatorships'
  98. Russia: The Political Outlook.
  99. Russia: Domestic Politics and Economy
  100. Russia: Foreign Policy and U.S. Relations
  101. Russia and China: Axis of Revisionists?
  102. Russian Oil and Gas Challenges.
  103. Russian Intelligence Officers Offered Cash Rewards to Taliban Fighters to Kill US, UK Troops in Afghanistan.
  104. The Russian Invasion of the Crimean Peninsula, 2014–2015: A Post–Cold War Nuclear Crisis Case Study.
  105. The Russian Revolution: The Problem of Dictatorship
  106. The Russia-Ukraine War and Its Legal and Political Implications
  107. Sanctions War: Russia Cuts Off Gas Supply to Latvia
  108. The War in Ukraine Will End, and That’s When We’ll See the True Tensions in Europe
  109. Fact-Checking Putin’s Claims that Ukraine and Russia Are ‘One People’
  110. The Ripple Effects of Russia's War in Ukraine Are Changing the World
  111. The War on Ukraine: The Beginning of the End of Putin’s Russia
  112. Timeline of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine
  113. Eighth Russian General Killed in Ukraine
  114. Biden Calls Russian Atrocities 'Genocide'
  115. Images of Russia-Ukraine War
  116. Pentagon Accuses Russia of 'War Crimes,' Vows to Assist With Evidence Collection
  117. Pentagon Says 'Clear Evidence' Russia Is Committing War Crimes. Could Putin Be Prosecuted?
  118. NATO's Relations with Russia and Ukraine
  119. Decision to Invade Ukraine Raises Questions over Putin’s ‘Sense of Reality’
  120. The Wagner Group, the Brutal Private Army of Russian Mercenaries.
  121. Amid Ukraine Crisis, China and Russia's Bond Alarms U.S. and Europe
  122. Xi Jinping Backs Vladimir Putin Against US, NATO on Ukraine
  123. Britain Warns Putin and Xi: West Will Stand up to 'Dictatorship'
  124. China and Russia Biggest Cyber Offenders Since 2006, Report Shows
  125. China and Russia: Economic Unequals
  126. From Gorbachev to Putin
  127. On the Putin System: How a Dictator Maintains His Power
  128. A Vision for Russia
  129. Lessons from Russia's Operations in Crimea and Eastern Ukraine
  130. The Dictatorship of Law in Russia
  131. Are Russia and China the Best of Friends Now? It’s Complicated, Analysts Say
  132. Democracy in Russia: Trends and Implications for U.S. Interests
  133. U.S. 'Deeply Concerned' by Navalny Sentence: Blinken
  134. EU Calls for Immediate Release of Navalny
  135. Germany Condemns Jail Sentence Handed to Kremlin Critic Navalny
  136. Kremlin Critic Alexey Navalny Handed Jail Term, Prompting Protests Across Russia.
  137. Protests Swell in Russia's Far East in a Stark New Challenge.
  138. Protesters in Russia's Far East Challenge Putin's Authority.
  139. Putin Looks to Cement Power.
  140. Spies and Commandos Warned Months Ago of Russian.
  141. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Russia .
  142. Israeli Spies 'Watched Russian Agents Breach Kaspersky Software.
  143. Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties.
  144. Democracy in Russia: Trends and Implications for U.S. Interests.
  145. The Dictatorship of Law in Russia: Neither Dictatorship, Nor Rule of Law
  146. Kaspersky Lab Has Been Working With Russian Intelligence.
  147. The Real Paranoia-Inducing Purpose of Russian Hacks
  148. Concern Over Barrage of Fake Russian news in Sweden.
  149. The Reality Behind Russia's Fake News.
  150. The Russo-Ukrainian Conflict
  151. War in Ukraine: A Geopolitical Analysis
  152. Politics of Ukraine.
  153. Pro-Russian Insurgents Retreat in Ukraine's East.
  154. Failing Ukraine State Plays in to Russia's Hands.
  155. A New Day in Ukraine: Political Uncertainty Sweeps Divided Nation.
  156. The Ukrainian Crisis - A Disputed Past and Present (2014)
  157. Anti-Protest Laws in Ukraine.
  158. Ukraine News Headlines | Reuters
  159. Ukraine Expects Renewed Russian Offensive Later in February 2023
  160. Ukraine War: 80% of Troops Killed or Injured in Elite Military Unit
  161. Ukraine: Background, Conflict with Russia, and U.S. Policy (2021)
  162. Ukraine: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report.
  163. Ukraine's Orange Revolution and U.S. Policy.
  164. Ukraine Crisis - News on Russia's Military Aggression in Ukraine
  165. Ukraine-Russia Crisis: As Tensions Rise on the Border ...
  166. Ukraine: Military Report Says Russia Boosted Troops to 120,000 near Border
  167. Ukraine's Political Crisis and U.S. Policy Issues.
  168. Ukraine Parliament Boss Takes Presidential Powers.
  169. Ukrainian Protesters Take Control of Presidential Offices in Kiev.
  170. Ukraine's Revolution: Making Sense of a Year of Chaos.
  171. Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy.
  172. Ukraine and Russia: People, Politics, Propaganda and Perspectives
  173. The Ukraine-Russia War
  174. The Ukraine-Russia Conflict - Signals and Scenarios for the Broader Region
  175. Dictatorship Sows Division in Nagorno-Karabakh
  176. Ruling by Fear: Armenia's Descent into Dictatorship and the Rise of Resistance
  177. Protests in Armenia: Democratic Death Throes or a New Dawn.
  178. Politics of Armenia.
  179. Armenia's Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications for U.S. Interests.
  180. Armenia Political Party Assessment
  181. Armenia's Struggle for Democracy and Rights
  182. Armenia: Freedom in the World 2021 Country Report.
  183. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests.
  184. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Security Issues and Implications for U.S. Interests
  185. Azerbaijan's October 2008 Presidential Election: Outcome and Implications
  186. Human Rights in Azerbaijan
  187. Azerbaijan: Freedom in the World Report (2020)
  188. Azerbaijan: Nations in Transit 2020 Country Report.
  189. World Report 2019: Azerbaijan
  190. 'Azerbaijan Is Turning into a Dictatorship
  191. Azerbaijan - Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (2019)
  192. Azerbaijan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests.
  193. Politics of Belarus.
  194. Human Rights in Belarus.
  195. Explained: The Role of Belarus in the Russia-Ukraine War
  196. Deep Unease in Belarus over Country's Role in Russian Invasion of Ukraine
  197. Belarusian Foreign Policy in a Time of Crisis
  198. Belarusian Political Parties: Organizational Structures and Practices
  199. Belarus-Russia Relations After the Ukraine Conflict
  200. Belarus: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report.
  201. Belarus's Role in War on Ukraine
  202. Belarus' Fight for a Democratic Future
  203. Belarus: 20 Years Under Dictatorship and a Revolution Behind
  204. Belarus: Mass Protest Eclipses Defiant Belarus Leader's Rally (8/2020).
  205. Belarus: Tens of Thousands Protest in Minsk.
  206. Belarus Protests: 'We Can Breathe for the First Time in Our Lives'.
  207. Belarus: Background and U.S. Policy Concerns.
  208. The House That Lukashenko Built - The Foundation, Evolution, and Future of the Belarusian Regime
  209. Tensions Are Rising on the Poland-Belarus Border. What You Need to Know
  210. The Poland-Belarus Border Crisis Is a Harbinger of Migration's Future
  211. Politics of Estonia
  212. Estonia: Freedom in the World 2021 Country Report
  213. Estonia: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report
  214. Estonia Keeps Its Freedom Score Despite Far-Right Gains
  215. Estonia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy.
  216. Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests.
  217. Politics of Georgia (Country).
  218. Georgia: Freedom in the World 2021 Country Report.
  219. Georgia: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report.
  220. Georgia's October 2013 Presidential Election: Outcome and Implications.
  221. Georgia's October 2012 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications.
  222. Georgia's January 2008 Presidential Election: Outcome and Implications
  223. Kyrgyzstan's Japarov Calls for Unity
  224. Human Rights in Kyrgyzstan.
  225. Kyrgyzstan Politics
  226. Kyrgyzstan: Freedom in the World 2021 Country Report
  227. Kyrgyzstan: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report
  228. Democracy in Kyrgyzstan
  229. Civil Society, Religion and Development in Kyrgyzstan
  230. Kazakhstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests.
  231. Kyrgyzstan's Constitutional Crisis: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests.
  232. Coup in Kyrgyzstan: Developments and Implications.
  233. Kyrgyzstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests
  234. The April 2010 Coup in Kyrgyzstan: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests
  235. Kyrgyzstan and the Status of the U.S. Manas Airbase: Context and Implications/li>
  236. Coup in Kyrgyzstan (2005)
  237. Current Political, Economic, and Social Challenges in Tajikistan
  238. Tajikistan: The Country that Just Voted to Allow its President to Rule Forever
  239. Repression and Persecution Under Tajikistan's Authoritarian Regime
  240. Tajikistan: Nations in Transit 2020 Country Report
  241. Tajikistan: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report
  242. Tajikistan Moves to Institutionalize Dictatorship
  243. Tajik Autocrat Mints 'Democracy' Medal Bearing His Own Image
  244. Tajikistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests
  245. Tajikistan's Constitutional Referendum: Legitimating de Facto Dictatorship
  246. Politics of Turkmenistan.
  247. Totalitarianism: The Case of Turkmenistan
  248. Turkmenistan: Nations in Transit 2020 Country Report.
  249. Turkmenistan: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report.
  250. World Report 2019: Turkmenistan.
  251. Cracks in the Marble: Turkmenistan's Failing Dictatorship
  252. Turkmenistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests.
  253. Turkmenistan's Political Succession: Developments and Implications.
  254. Turkmenistan at Twenty-Five: The High Price of Authoritarianism
  255. Politics of Uzbekistan.
  256. There Won't be Political Reform in Uzbekistan
  257. Uzbekistan Holds a Semi-Serious Election
  258. Human Rights in Uzbekistan.
  259. Uzbekistan: 16-Year Sentence in Autonomous Region Protests
  260. Uzbekistan's Freedoms Are Slowly Expanding
  261. Uzbekistan: Nations in Transit 2020 Country Report
  262. Uzbekistan: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report
  263. Questions Over Uzbekistan's New Era of 'Openness'
  264. Unrest in Uzbekistan: Context and Implications.
  265. Uzbekistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests.
  266. Chechnya, Russia and 20 Years of Conflict
  267. The Forgotten War: Chechnya and Russia’s Future
  268. Chechnya: The Causes of a Protracted Post-Soviet Conflict
  269. Russian-Chechnya Ethnic Conflict
  270. Russia, Iran, and the Conflict in Chechnya
  271. Vladimir Putin and the Chechen War
  272. Armed Conflicts Report - Russia (Chechnya)
  273. Russia in Afghanistan and Chechnya: Military …
  274. Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments
  275. The Use of Force in Chechnya: An Exploration through Track-Two Diplomacy
  276. Bringing Peace to Chechnya? Assessments and Implications.
  277. Constitutional/Political Reform Process in Georgia, in Armenia and Azerbaijan: Political Elite and Voices of the People
  278. The Changing Face of Eurasia
  279. 10's of Thousands Protest Against Putin in Russian Far East
  280. 10 ways the Russia-Ukraine War Will Change the World
▷ East Europe: How, What, Who & Why
  1. How Does Russia's War in Ukraine End?.
  2. How Ukraine Is Innovating Soviet-era Weapons for a 21st Century Battleground.
  3. How the War in Ukraine Could Change the World Forever.
  4. How 50 Days of Russia’s War in Ukraine Changed the World.
  5. How Vladimir Putin Became the World’s Favorite Dictator.
  6. How Vladimir Putin Controls Russia
  7. How Putin’s War Weakens Russia
  8. How Rich Is Russian Leader Vladimir Putin?
  9. How America Helped Make Vladimir Putin Dictator for Life
  10. How Russian Hackers Used Popular Kaspersky Antivirus to Steal U.S Secrets.
  11. How Ukraine's Orange Revolution Shaped Twenty-first Century
  12. How Real Is the Russian Threat to the Baltic States?
  13. What to Know About Why Russia Attacked
  14. What to Know About the Wagner Group, a 'Brutal' Russian Military Group Fighting in Ukraine
  15. What Type of Government Does Russia Have?
  16. What Is Behind Ukraine's Political Crisis?
  17. What Is the Wagner Group?
  18. What Is Russia's Wagner Group of Mercenaries in Ukraine?
  19. What Is Behind the Belarus Protests?.
  20. What Is Behind Russian Support for Putin's War in Ukraine?
  21. What Is Happening in Belarus?
  22. What Is the F-16 Fighter Jet and Why Does Ukraine Want It?
  23. What Are the Sanctions on Russia and Are They Hurting Its Economy?
  24. What Are Putin's Intentions in Ukraine?
  25. What Does Navalny's Jail Sentence Mean?
  26. What Do Average Russians Think of Putin?
  27. What Does Russia Want With Ukraine?
  28. What the U.S. Military Is Doing in Response to Russia’s Actions in Ukraine
  29. What Russia Wants in Ukraine
  30. What We Know About Alexei Navalny's Death in Arctic Circle Prison
  31. What You Need to Know About Tensions Between Ukraine and Russia
  32. What Effects Have Sanctions Had on the Russian Economy?
  33. When Will the War in Ukraine End? and How?
  34. Where Do India, China, and the US Stand on Ukraine-Russia War?
  35. Which Countries Are Russia's Allies During Russia-Ukraine War?
  36. Which Countries Buy the Most Russian Weapons?
  37. Who Would Win If Russia Invaded Ukraine
  38. Who Is Mr. Putin?
  39. Who Are Russia's Mercenary Wagner Group?
  40. Who Are Russia’s Supporters?
  41. Why Democracy Didn't Work in Russia
  42. Why Russians Love Putin
  43. Why Russia Wants Crimea
  44. Why the Russia-Iran Alliance Will Backfire: Whither Iran?
  45. Why Ukraine Is Such a Big Deal for Russia
  46. Why Russia Wants to Keep Ukraine All to Itself
  47. Why Russia Could Be Trying to Invade Ukraine — and How Biden Could Stop It
  48. Why Russia Will Invade Ukraine
  49. Why Russia’s Troop Surge Near Ukraine May Really Be a Message to the West
  50. Why Are Russia and Ukraine Fighting?
  51. Why Are Tensions Between Russia and Ukraine Ratcheting Up?
  52. Why Are US-Russia Relations So Challenging?
  53. Why Many in Russia Are Reluctant to Have Sputnik Vaccine
  54. Why Russia's Economy Is Headed for Trouble
  55. Why So Many Russians Like the Soviet Dictator, Joseph Stalin
  56. Why Poison Is the Weapon of Choice in Putin’s Russia
  57. Why the Ukraine Crisis Is the West’s Fault - The Liberal Delusions That Provoked Putin (2014)
  58. Why Russia Is Attacking Ukraine: Putin's Justifications for Invasion (2022)
  59. Why Has Russia Invaded Ukraine and What Does Putin Want?
  60. Why Putin Invaded Ukraine: Russia's Leader Goes to War after Stoking Conflict
  61. Why Russia's Putin Uses WWII to Justify Attacks in Ukraine
  62. Why Does Russia Want Ukraine?
  63. Why Did Russia Invade Ukraine?
  64. Why Did Russia Invade Ukraine? The Conflict Explained in 10 Points
  65. Why Russia Attacks Ukraine?
  66. Why Belarus Is So Involved in Russia's Invasion of Ukraine
  67. Why Is Belarus Supporting Russia and How Is It Involved in Ukraine?
  68. Why Belarus Matters for the Russia-Ukraine War
  69. Why the Russian Military Is Bogged Down by Logistics in Ukraine
  70. Why Would Islamic State Attack Russia and What Does This Mean for the Terrorism Threat Globally?
▷ North America
  1. Is the U.S. Getting Involved in the Israel-Gaza War? What to Know
  2. The Roots of the U.S.-Israel Relationship: How the Cold War Tensions Played a Role in U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East
  3. Republicans Try to Reframe January 6 as a Sightseeing Tour – Will It Work? - US Capitol Attack
  4. Singin’ The Coups: Donald Trump Releases Single with January 6 Prisoners
  5. Now the Chinese ‘Spy Balloon’ Is Down, the Question Is: What Was It for? - Surveillance
  6. U.S. Downs Chinese Spy Balloon, Ending Chapter in a Diplomatic Crisis
  7. U.S. Downs Chinese Spy balloon Off Carolinas Coast
  8. Ukraine War: US to Provide Long-Range Missiles in Latest Aid Package
  9. US Expected to Announce $2.2 Billion Ukraine Aid Package that Includes Longer-Range Missiles
  10. America’s Biggest Issues
  11. America’s Most Popular Political Issues
  12. American Government and Politics in the Information Age
  13. Contemporary Issues in US Politics
  14. The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA): Origin, Characteristics, and Institutional Authorities
  15. Niskanen Center, the Most Interesting Think Tank in Politics
  16. Politics in the USA
  17. Understanding American Politics and Government
  18. United States Politics and Government
  19. Introducing Government in America
  20. Basics of American Government
  21. U.S. Role in the World: Background and Issues for Congress
  22. The Future of US Policy Toward China: Recommendations for the Biden Administration
  23. Trump and Democracy in America
  24. Trust in Government in the Trump Era
  25. The Trump Presidency and the Structure of Modern American Politics
  26. Americans See China as the Biggest Threat to the United States, Not Russia
  27. The Economic State of Black America
  28. These Countries Are Surprisingly Anti-American -- and Here's Why
  29. African American Inequality in the United States
  30. Racism in America | Harvard
  31. Race in America
  32. Race and Policing
  33. Gen Z: Most Important Political Issues U.S.
  34. U.S. Policy Towards Africa Under Trump
  35. Trump's Foreign Policy: A Victory for the Deep State
  36. The History of American Police Brutality
  37. Police Brutality in the United States
  38. A Look at Police Brutality in America
  39. Racial Reconciliation, Truth-telling, and Police Legitimacy
  40. Law Enforcement and Violence: The Divide between Black and White Americans
  41. Police Violence Against Afro-descendants in the United States
  42. Racial Inequality
  43. The Evolving Strategy of Police: A Minority View
  44. Race, Power and Policy: Dismantling Structural Racism
  45. U.S. Image Plummets Internationally as Most Say Country Has Handled Coronavirus Badly
  46. The World Is Trapped in America's Culture War.
  47. China Tells Tech Manufacturers to Stop Using Micron Chips, Stepping up Feud With United States
  48. US-China Chip War: America Is Winning
  49. The US-China Chip War Is Spilling Over to Europe
  50. US Chip Controls Threaten China's Technology Ambitions
  51. The Threat Posed by the Chinese Government and ...
  52. Trump Will Continue to Punish China for Its Horrifying Anti-Uighur Campaign.
  53. US Consulate in Chengdu (China) Officially Closes.
  54. A Quick Guide to the US-China Trade War.
  55. Trump's Trade War Timeline: An Up-to-Date Guide.
  56. U.S. Policy Toward China.
  57. Timeline: U.S. Relations With China 1949–2020.
  58. Mississippi House Passes Bill to Change State Flag.
  59. U.S. Leaves W.H.O., and Moves to Strip Hong Kong of Special U.S. Relationship.
  60. U.S. Withdraws from World Health Organization and Announces New Broadsides Against Beijing.
  61. C.I.A. Hunts for Authentic Virus Totals in China.
  62. U.S. Withdrawal from Syria Hands a Victory to Iran.
  63. Trump White House to Look Into China's Trade Practices.
  64. U.S. Annual Report on Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China (2019).
  65. Trump's Move on China Counterfeiting, Piracy Aimed at Protecting ...
  66. Trump Opens Door to Investigating China's 'Theft' of U.S. Intellectual ...
  67. Women's March (Jan 21, 2017) on Washington DC - Crowd Size & Movement.
  68. US Goes After More Than $1B Taken from Malaysian Fund.
  69. Can the United States and China De-conflict in Cyberspace?.
  70. Reducing and Managing U.S.-China Conflict in Cyberspace.
  71. U.S. Third Fleet Expands East Asia Role as Tensions Rise with China.
  72. Fact Checking President Trumps Inaugural Address (1/20/2017).
  73. History of Gun Control in U.S.
  74. The Genetics of Politics - Body Politic.
  75. Feeling Typecast, Madam Secretary?
  76. Everything We Know About How the NSA Tracks People's Physical Location.
  77. U.S. Intelligence Chief: China Top Suspect in Government Agency Hacks.
  78. Stop and Seize in the United States (Under the federal Equitable Sharing Program, police have seized $2.5 billion since 2001 from people who were not charged with a crime and without a warrant being issued).
  79. U.S. Senators to Obama: Do Something About Hong Kong.
  80. Members of U.S. Congress Press D.C. to Rename Street by Chinese Embassy After Jailed Activist.
  81. South China Sea: US Warship Sails Near Disputed Island.
  82. China Stalls Move to Quell Asia Disputes Over Territory.
  83. U.S., China Differences Over Asia Territorial Disputes on Sharp Display.
  84. U.S. Accuses China of Cyber Spying on American Companies.
  85. U.S. Navy Alarmed at Beijing’s ‘Great Wall of Sand’ in South China Sea.
  86. U.S. Flies Two Warplanes over East China Sea, Ignoring new Chinese Air Defense Zone.
  87. U.S., China Differences Over Asia Territorial Disputes on Sharp Display.
  88. Previewing the U.S.- EU Dialogue on China
  89. U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union.
  90. Cut-to-Length Carbon Steel Plate from China, Russia, and Ukraine
  91. Hono­lulu After Pearl Harbor.
  92. In Asia, Obama Takes Softer Tone on Human Rights, Corruption.
  93. The Politics of Health Reform (in the US): Friend or Foe?
  94. CNN Commentary: GOP's Problem With Hispanics.
  95. Cheney Criticizes Former Boss: Disappointed With Final Years in White House.
  96. Federal Political Scandals in the United States
  97. Securing U.S. Diplomatic Facilities and Personnel Abroad: Legislative and Executive Branch Initiatives
  98. Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy
  99. State, Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Guide to Component Accounts
  100. Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Negotiations
  101. Abortion and Family Planning-Related Provisions in U.S. Foreign Assistance Law and Policy
  102. "Leahy Law" Human Rights Provisions and Security Assistance: Issue Overview
  103. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations
  104. Millennium Challenge Corporation
  105. The Budget Control Act, Sequestration, and the Foreign Affairs Budget: Background and Possible Impacts
  106. The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress
  107. U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations
  108. Multilateral Development Banks: Overview and Issues for Congress
  109. Securing U.S. Diplomatic Facilities and Personnel Abroad: Background and Policy Issues
  110. The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress
  111. Promoting Global Internet Freedom: Policy and Technology
  112. International Drug Control Policy: Background and U.S. Responses
  113. International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms
  114. Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress
  115. Proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): In Brief
  116. The International Whaling Convention (IWC) and Legal Issues Related to Aboriginal Rights
  117. Hague Convention Treaty on Recovery of International Child Support and H.R. 1896
  118. U.S. Global Health Assistance: Background and Issues for the 113th Congress
  119. The United States and Europe: Responding to Change in the Middle East and North Africa
  120. Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis
  121. The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress
  122. U.S. International Investment Agreements: Issues for Congress
  123. The Berne Union: An Overview
  124. The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  125. NAFTA at 20: Overview and Trade Effects
  126. International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress
  127. Trafficking in Persons: U.S. Policy and Issues for Congress
  128. Does Foreign Aid Work? Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance
  129. Foreign Aid: International Donor Coordination of Development Assistance
  130. Senkaku (Diaoyu/Diaoyutai) Islands Dispute: U.S. Treaty Obligations
  131. Global Security Contingency Fund (GSCF): Summary and Issue Overview
  132. United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues
  133. United Nations Regular Budget Contributions: Members Compared, 1990-2010
  134. Rising Economic Powers and U.S. Trade Policy
  135. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Vladivostok, Russia: Postscript
  136. In Brief: State Department Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations (CSO)
  137. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Vladivostok, Russia: A Preview
  138. The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress
  139. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2013 Budget and Appropriations
  140. Rio+20: The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, June 2012
  141. The Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative
  142. Fact Sheet: The FY2013 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request
  143. Building Civilian Interagency Capacity for Missions Abroad: Key Proposals and Issues for Congress
  144. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations
  145. International Trade: Rules of Origin
  146. United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives
  147. The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement
  148. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Honolulu: A Preview
  149. Foreign Operations Appropriations: General Provisions
  150. Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Authorizations and Corresponding Appropriations
  151. U.N. System Development Assistance: Issues for Congress
  152. The UNESCO World Heritage Convention: Congressional Issues
  153. United Nations System Efforts to Address Violence Against Women
  154. The U.N. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): Issues in the U.S. Ratification Debate
  155. Foreign Assistance: Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs)
  156. U.S. Global Food Security Funding, FY2010-FY2012
  157. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations
  158. International Criminal Court and the Rome Statute: 2010 Review Conference
  159. Fact Sheet: The FY2012 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request
  160. Foreign Aid Reform, National Strategy, and the Quadrennial Review
  161. United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
  162. Foreign Aid: An Introduction to U.S. Programs and Policy
  163. U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions
  164. The Future of U.S. Trade Policy: An Analysis of Issues and Options for the 112th Congress
  165. U.S. Refugee Resettlement Assistance
  166. U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology
  167. The Millenium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting
  168. A New United Nations Entity for Women: Issues for Congress
  169. The 2009 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings and U.S. Trade Policy in Asia
  170. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations
  171. U.S. Public Diplomacy: Background and Current Issues
  172. Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: a Possible Role for Congress
  173. Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: Background and Analysis
  174. Foreign Aid Reform: Agency Coordination
  175. Foreign Aid Reform: Studies and Recommendations
  176. U.S. Accession to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations' Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC)
  177. The Global Peace Operations Initiative: Background and Issues for Congress
  178. USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives After 15 Years: Issues for Congress
  179. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations
  180. The 2009 U.N. Durban Review Conference: Follow-Up to the 2001 U.N. World Conference Against Racism
  181. U.S. Foreign Aid to East and South Asia: Selected Recipients
  182. Proposals for a New Foreign Service Compensation System in the 110th Congress
  183. Weak and Failing States: Evolving Security Threats and U.S. Policy
  184. FY2008 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for International Affairs
  185. Democracy Promotion: Cornerstone of U.S. Foreign Policy?
  186. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2008 Appropriations
  187. Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options
  188. The U.N. Law of the Sea Convention and the United States: Developments Since October 2003
  189. Diplomacy for the 21st Century: Transformational Diplomacy
  190. U.S. Strategic and Defense Relationships in the Asia-Pacific Region
  191. State Department and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations and FY2007 Request
  192. Restructuring U.S. Foreign Aid: The Role of the Director of Foreign Assistance
  193. The Jackson-Vanik Amendment: A Survey
  194. Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations
  195. Foreign Aid: Understanding Data Used to Compare Donors
  196. U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
  197. Republic of the Marshall Islands "Changed Circumstances Petition" to Congress
  198. International Financial Institutions: Funding U.S. Participation
  199. Foreign Aid: An Introductory Overview of U.S. Programs and Policy
  200. Rising Energy Competition and Energy Security in Northeast Asia: Issues for U.S. Policy
  201. Hardeep Singh Nijjar: Canada Expels Indian Diplomat over 'Credible Allegations' Linking India's Government to Killing on Canadian Soli
  202. Canada Told Allies Before Sharing Allegations About India over B.C. Killing: Trudeau
  203. Ng postpones Canada Trade Mission to India Amid Strained Relations
  204. Chinese 'Influence' and 'Intelligence Threat' (Canada) Outlined in Declassified 25-year-old CSIS-RCMP Report
  205. Politics of Canada.
  206. Canada: Federalism, Multiculturalism, Provinces
  207. Canada: Political System.
  208. Canada Polls.
  209. Canada: History, Population, Immigration, Capital, & Currency
  210. Canada’s Bombshell Political Deal Is Impossible to Predict ...
  211. Canadian Democracy Is Broken.
  212. Canada Calls Public Inquiry into Foreign Interference.
  213. Canada’s Startling Claim Punctuates Tension With India Over Separatists
  214. Pierre Poilievre Is the Man Who Could Beat Trudeau.
  215. Court Orders Review of Former Informant's Human Rights Complaint Against Spy Agency
  216. Canada Commits $33 Million to Buy Air Defence Equipment for Ukraine
  217. MPs Say Democracy Is Fraying in Canada — But There's Hope
  218. Self-Control in Politics Is a Boring Virtue — and an Absolutely Necessary One
  219. Mexico Is on Course to Elect Its First Woman President.
  220. Mexico President Defends Russia Participation in Military Parade
  221. Politics of Mexico.
  222. Mexico: Federalism, Constitution, Autonomy
  223. Mexico's Democracy Is Crumbling Under AMLO.
  224. Democracy in Mexico: The Past, Present, and Future
  225. Economic and Political Overview of Mexico.
  226. Data Leak Exposes Mexico Military Corruption, Including Collusion with Drug Cartels
  227. Mexico and the Gods of Corruption
  228. Corruption in Mexico
  229. Mexico: Freedom in the World 2022 Country Report
  230. Mexico Takes Another Step Toward Its Authoritarian Past
  231. Mexico: The Slippery Road to Stability
  232. Mexico’s President Leads Supporters in March Through Capital
  233. At Least 88 Politicians Have Been Killed in Mexico Since September 2020
  234. Vienna Convention on Consular Relations: Overview of U.S. Implementation and International Court of Justice (ICJ) Interpretation of Consular Notification Requirements
  235. Restructuring Inequality Intergroup Race Relations Report.
  236. 5 Top Countries That Don't Like the U.S.A. & the Top 5 Countries That Do.
  237. 7 Top Issues Impacting Canada in 2022.
  238. 10 Countries That Hate the United States the Most.
  239. 20 Countries That Hate Tourists from the United States.
  240. 21 Greatest Moments of Barack Obama as US President.
  241. 44th President » Second 100 Days.
  242. 47 Interesting Facts about U.S. Presidential Elections.
  243. 56 Interesting Facts About the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election.
  244. 75 Years of US Support for Israel, Briefly Explained
  245. ~1,000 Instances of Police Brutality Recorded in the U.S. Anti-racism Protests
▷ South America
  1. South American Leaders Rebuke Israel's Anti-Hamas offensive in Gaza
  2. Behind Latin America’s Protests, a Fading Faith in Democracy .
  3. Divisive Politics and Democratic Dangers in Latin America.
  4. Colombia Protests: UN Calls for Investigation into Cali Deaths.
  5. Latin American Democracy May Be in Trouble. The Protests Are ....
  6. Politics and Development: Lessons from Latin America.
  7. The Quality of Democracies in Latin America.
  8. Free Politics and Free Markets in Latin America.
  9. Political Change in Latin America.
  10. Latin America’s New Turbulence.
  11. Democracy in Latin America.
  12. State and Political Reforms in Latin America.
  13. New Challenges to Growth in Latin America & the Caribbean.
  14. Charges of Autocratic Rule in Bolivia.
  15. U.S.-Latin America Relations.
  16. Challenges to Political Representation in Contemporary Chile.
  17. The Geography of Dictatorship and Support for Democracy.
  18. Chile's Crisis: A Legacy of Pinochet.
  19. Freedom of Expression and the Public Debate in Chile.
  20. Transitioning to Democracy: The Role of the Right in Chile and Argentina.
  21. Life or Death Choices for Women Living Under Honduras’ Abortion Ban.
  22. The Transition to Democracy in Paraguay.
  23. Panama Papers: Mossack Fonseca Leak Reveals Elite's Tax Havens.
  24. Latin America's Relationship With China.
  25. Politics of Venezuela
  26. Venezuela in Crisis: A Way Forward
  27. Venezuela: Popular Sovereignty versus Democracy
  28. Venezuela: A Path out of Misery
  29. The Politics of Corruption in Venezuela
  30. Political Corruption in Venezuela
  31. Political Culture of Democracy in Venezuela
  32. Venezuela and the Challenge of a New Democratic Transition
  33. Venezuela: The Rise and Fall of a Petrostate
  34. Corruption in Venezuela
  35. The Corruption of Democracy in Venezuela
  36. The Devastating Venezuelan Crisis
  37. Venezuela: Political Changes in the Chávez Era
  38. Venezuela's Shortages Could Lead to a Humanitarian Crisis.
  39. The Fall of Democracy and the Rise of Authoritarianism in Venezuela
  40. Can Venezuela's Socialist Government Survive Wave of Protests?
  41. Political Corruption and Democracy in Contemporary Brazil
  42. The Political Economy of Corruption in Brazil
  43. Corruption: Brazil's Everlasting Parasite
  44. Corona Crisis and Political Confrontation in Brazil
  45. Brazil: Democracy and Corruption
  46. Brazil: Democracy at Stake
  47. Democracy and Growth in Brazil
  48. Democratization in Brazil
  49. Democratic Consolidation and Human Rights in Brazil
  50. Impeachment, Political Crisis and Democracy in Brazil
  51. The Perfect Dictatorship? Comparing Authoritarian Rule in South Korea and in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico
  52. Democratization, Political Performance, and Income Distribution in Argentina and Brazil Distribution in Argentina and Brazil
  53. Civil Engagement in Argentina After the Last Dictatorship
  54. Introduction to Argentine Exceptionalism
  55. Argentina to Dissolve Intelligence Body after Prosecutor Death.
  56. Corruption in Argentina.
  57. The Political Dynamics of Corruption Scandals in Argentina.
  58. The Argentina of the 20th Century in the Hoover Archives.
  59. Corruption Scandals and Anti-Corruption Policies in Argentina
  60. Is Argentina's Democracy in Danger?.
  61. Human Rights in Argentina.
  62. Argentina: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report
  63. The Rise and Fall of Argentina
  64. Argentina's Delegative Democracy: A Case Study
  65. Neoliberalism in Argentina and Chile
  66. Argentina's Quarter Century Experiment with Neoliberalism
  67. Argentina and the New Pattern of Political Instability in Latin America
  68. Cuba: The Dictatorship and the ‘Blockade’ Lie
  69. History of Latin America - Impact of the Cuban Revolution.
  70. Corruption in Cuba.
  71. Politics of Cuba.
  72. Cuba: Fidel Castro's Record of Repression
  73. Cuba: Freedom in the World 2020 Country Report.
  74. Background to Revolution: The Batista Dictatorship and the Decline of Democracy in Cuba
  75. Guatemala: Political, Security, and Socio-Economic.
  76. The Lasting Effects of U.S. Intervention in Guatemala.
  77. Against the Odds CICIG in Guatemala.
  78. Elites, Criminal Networks and Institutional Reform in Guatemala.
  79. The Guatemalan Presidential Election (2019).
  80. World Report 2019: Guatemala.
  81. Political Culture of Democracy in Guatemala (2010).
  82. Background on the Guatemalan Coup of 1954.
  83. Ecuador Country Report (2020).
  84. Ecuador: An Overview.
  85. Democratic Legitimacy in the Americas and in Ecuador.
  86. Political Culture of Democracy in Ecuador (2010).
  87. Ecuador: Trials with Democracy.
  88. Timeline of US-Latin American Relations Since 1823.
  89. The U.S. Policy of Democracy Promotion in Latin America.
  90. Dictatorship in Latin America.
  91. Dictatorship and Democracy in Latin America.
  92. Global Banks and Latin American Dictators, 1974–1982
  93. Key Dictators from 20th Century Latin America.
  94. Corruption in South America.
  95. The Past, Present, and Future of Corruption in Latin America.
  96. Corruption and Corrosion in Latin America.
  97. Controlling Political Corruption in Latin America.
  98. Police Misconduct and Democracy in Latin America.
  99. The Politics of Corruption in Latin America.
  100. The Fight Against Corruption in Latin America.
  101. The Growing Divide Between the Least and Most Corrupt Latin American Countries.
  102. Ringing the Changes: Combating Corruption in South America.
  103. The State of Corruption in Latin America.
  104. Latin American Democracy Is Crumbling Under Corruption.
  105. 10 Countries, 10 Challenges in South America.
  106. 20 Pictures of Cuba Through My Lens.
  107. 31 Countries That Hate Americans.
  108. 60 Years of Revolution, 60 Years of Oppression in Cuba.
▷ North & South America: How, What, Who & Why
  1. How a Russian Invasion of Ukraine Could Affect Americans | NPR
  2. How NRA’s True Believers Converted a Marksmanship Group into a Mighty Gun Lobby.
  3. How Americans See the State of Race Relations
  4. How Socialism Failed Venezuela.
  5. How Much Aid Has the U.S. Sent Ukraine?
  6. What Happened on 6 January 2021? - US Capitol Riots Timeline
  7. What People Think: Corruption in Latin America & the Caribbean.
  8. What Is the Difference? - Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data
  9. What Is Canada's Political System?
  10. What Is Going on in South America? Understanding the Wave of Protests.
  11. What Are the Most Corrupt Countries in Latin America?.
  12. What Went Right (and Wrong) in Latin America’s Anti-Corruption Fight.
  13. What the Ecuadorian Anti-Corruption Agency Can Learn from International Good Practice.
  14. When It Comes to China, Americans Think Like Trump.
  15. Which Countries Don’t Like America and Which Do (2014)
  16. 'Why Not Have Universal Background Checks for All Gun Sales?'
  17. Why Is South America in Turmoil? An Overview.
  18. Why Colombia's Protests Are Unlikely to Fizzle Out.
  19. Why Uruguay Finished First in Our Anti-Corruption Ranking.
  20. Why US Friends India and UAE Won't Back Biden Against Russia on Ukraine.
  21. Why American Companies Choose China Over Everyone Else.
  22. Why the US Delayed China Sanctions After Shooting Down a Spy Balloon.
▷ Africa
  1. African Leaders Criticize Israel’s Military Campaign in Gaza and Call for an Immediate Cease-Fire
  2. African Leaders Condemn Israel's Offensive in Gaza
  3. African Nations Recall Diplomats from Israel, Calling for Immediate Ceasefire
  4. Africans Think Their Governments Aren’t Fighting Corruption Hard Enough
  5. Women’s Rights in Uganda: Gaps Between Policy and Practice
  6. The Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa: An Instrument for Advancing Reproductive and Sexual Rights
  7. West Africa's Ultimatum to Niger Coup Leaders Nears Deadline
  8. West Africa Threatens Force on Niger Coup Leaders, French Embassy Attacked
  9. The 2023 Nigerien Coup D'état
  10. Mohamed Bazoum: Niger's Ousted President Warns of 'Devastating' Coup Impact, Growing Russian Influence
  11. Niger Coup: Simple Guide to What's Happening
  12. Niger Revokes Military Accord With US, Junta Spokesperson Says
  13. Niger Orders American Troops to Leave Its Territory
  14. Niger Ends Military Agreement with US, Calls It ‘Profoundly Unfair’
  15. Pentagon Orders Withdrawal of all 1,000 US Troops from Niger
  16. As US Pulls Troops from Niger and Chad, What Happens to Counterterrorism?
  17. US Withdraws Troops from Base in Chad Following Government Demand
  18. U.S. Says Chad Rebels Heading Towards Capital from North
  19. Chad Asks US to Cease Operations at Strategic Army Base
  20. Chad Crisis: Army Refuses to Negotiate With Rebel 'Outlaws'
  21. Sudan Crisis
  22. Sudan's Political Turmoil
  23. Sudan Coup: A Really Simple Guide
  24. Sudan Military Coup
  25. Conflict and Politics of Identity in Sudan
  26. Corruption in African Politics
  27. Putting Sudan’s Political Transition Back on Track
  28. Demystifying the' Root Causes of Conflict in Old "Greater" Sudan: Ethnicity and Tribalism?
  29. Russia’s Wagner Group in Africa
  30. China’s Presence in Africa Is at Heart Political
  31. China in Africa: The Role of Trade, Investments, and Loans Amidst Shifting Geopolitical Ambitions
  32. China Taking Over Africa: 'China's Second Continent'
  33. China in Africa
  34. Africa’s Relationship with China: Where are We Now?
  35. Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa
  36. Peacebuilding, Power, and Politics in Africa; Introduction: The Contested Politics of Peacebuilding in Africa
  37. Africa’s ‘Leaders for Life’
  38. African Dictators Have Been Losing Power—Some to ...
  39. The African Dictators
  40. Dictatorships in Africa.
  41. End of the Line for Africa's Dictators?
  42. The Main Problems Affecting African Politics
  43. Africa: Aid and Corruption
  44. Corruption in Africa: 75 Million People Pay Bribes …
  45. Corruption in Africa: Overview, Causes, Effects, and Solutions
  46. Corruption in Africa – The Crisis of Our Time?
  47. The Rise of Africa’s ‘Old Men’ and How to Stop It
  48. CPI 2021 for Sub-Saharan Africa: Amid Democratic Turbulence, Deep-Seated Corruption Exacerbates Threats to Freedoms
  49. Understanding the Nature and Origins of Violent Conflict in Africa
  50. Resource Based Conflicts and Political Instability in Africa: Major Trends, Challenges and Prospects
  51. Conflict Resolution and Peace Building in Africa as a Process ...
  52. The Roots of African Conflicts: The Causes and Costs - Introduction
  53. Political Fragility in Africa: Are Military Coups d’Etat a Never-Ending Phenomenon?.
  54. Combating Coups D’état in Africa, 1950–2014.
  55. Explaining African Military Coups d'Etat, 1960-1982.
  56. Debunking the Myth of the “Good” Coup d’État in Africa.
  57. Political Instability in Africa.
  58. Democracy in Africa | Harvard.
  59. Democracy in Africa | Afrobarometer.
  60. Democratization in Africa | FAS
  61. Democracy in Africa | Cambridge University.
  62. The Challenges of Democracy and Democratisation in Africa and Middle East.
  63. The Challenge of Democracy in Africa.
  64. Is Democracy a Failed Project in Africa?.
  65. Dilemmas of Democracy and State Power in Africa.
  66. Is Liberal Democracy Failing in Africa or Is Africa Failing under Liberal Democracy?.
  67. The Movement Toward Democracy in Africa.
  68. The Democratic Challenge in Africa.
  69. Demand for Democracy Is Rising in Africa, But Most Political ....
  70. South Africa: Democracy, Poverty and Inclusive Growth.
  71. Is Africa Going Backwards on Democracy?.
  72. The African Military in a Democratic Age.
  73. List of Conflicts in Africa.
  74. The Political Economy of Development in Africa
  75. Africa’s ‘Civil Wars’ Are Regional Nightmares.
  76. Threats to Democracy in Africa: The Rise of the Constitutional Coup.
  77. On the Economic Motivation for Conflict in Africa.
  78. The Causes of Conflict in Africa.
  79. Transitions to Democracy in Africa.
  80. A Redefining Moment for Africa.
  81. Democracy and Dictatorship in Uganda: A Politics of Dispensation?.
  82. The Rise of Africa's 'Old Men' and How to Stop It.
  83. Bad Governance and Corruption in Africa.
  84. The First World War and Its Consequences in Africa.
  85. The State of Poverty in 10 Dictatorship Countries
  86. Is Democracy in Africa a 'Dictatorship of the Majority'?
  87. Are Poor Societies Stuck with Dictators?
  88. Poverty 'Stalls' Further Spread of Democracy
  89. The Politics of Poverty: Elites, Citizens and States
  90. Africa: The Last Frontier for Eradicating Extreme Poverty
  91. Poverty in Africa
  92. In Whose Interest? Political Integrity and Corruption in Africa
  93. South Africa Again Asks the ICJ to Order Israel to Withdraw From Rafah
  94. South Africa Again Requests Emergency Measures From World Court to Restrain Israel's Actions in Gaza
  95. South Africans Fighting for Israel in Gaza: What Does the Law Say?
  96. South Africa Heading Towards Becoming a Failed State Report
  97. South Africa: A Sophisticated Failing State
  98. South Africa’s Social and Political Challenges
  99. South Africa: Current Issues, Economy, and U.S. Relations
  100. Things Are Bad and Getting Worse for South Africa. Or Are They?
  101. A Critical Analysis of South Africa's System of Government: From a Disjunctive System to a Synergistic System of Government
  102. Theory, Change and Southern Africa’s Future
  103. Violent Conflicts and Civil Strife in West Africa: Causes, Challenges and Prospects
  104. Change in the Middle East and North Africa.
  105. The Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiative: An Overview
  106. Democratic Backsliding in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  107. Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement
  108. Politics of Morocco - The Government of Morocco
  109. Could Morocco See the Next Uprising, After Sudan and Algeria?
  110. Morocco: Current Issues
  111. World Report 2022: Morocco and Western Sahara | Human Rights Watch
  112. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf First Female President of Liberia
  113. Tanzania Swears in First Female President.
  114. Death of Tanzania's Magufuli Draws Sorrow but Ire from Some.
  115. Tanzania's Failure in Consolidating a Strong Democracy.
  116. Tanzania's Populist President John Magufuli Has Died at 61.
  117. Libya - Baby Steps.
  118. Origins of the Libyan Conflict and Options for Its Resolution
  119. Ethiopia: Deteriorating Human Rights Situation
  120. World Report 2023: Ethiopia | Human Rights Watch
  121. Briefing: Five Challenges Facing Ethiopia’s Abiy
  122. Major Problems Facing Ethiopia Today
  123. Ethiopia: Social and Political Issues
  124. Vicious Circle of Ethiopian Politics: Prospects and Challenges of Current Political Reform
  125. The Politics of Conflict in Northern Ethiopia, 2020-2021: A Study of War-Making, Media Bias and Policy Struggle
  126. Ethiopia News
  127. State Failure, Democracy and Development in Sierra Leone.
  128. Ethiopia: UN says 20,000 Refugees Missing in Tigray.
  129. In Pictures: Eritrean Refugees Caught in Crossfire in Ethiopia.
  130. Conflict in Ethiopia
  131. Ethiopian Air Force Strikes Hit Tigray Region
  132. Ethiopia: Middle Passage to the Middle East
  133. Human Rights Watch World Reports on Ethiopia: 2022 - 2023
  134. Facebook Accused of 'Fanning Ethnic Violence' in Ethiopian Civil War
  135. At Least 800 Ethiopians Killed After Defending 'Ark of the Covenant'
  136. Sudan's Military Takes Power in Coup, Arrests Prime Minister.
  137. Sudan Coup Has Official Detained, Internet Down.
  138. Sudan Warns Ethiopia Against Second Filling of Dam without Deal.
  139. Hope and Fear as Somalia Marks 30 years of Civil War.
  140. The Impact of Democracy in Zimbabwe.
  141. Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe.
  142. Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe Removed as Ruling Party Chief.
  143. President Mugabe Shocks Zimbabwe By Not Resigning in Speech.
  144. Chaos in Zimbabwe After Mugabe Fails to Announce Expected Resignation.
  145. Zimbabwe Crisis: 'Moment of Hope' as Robert Mugabe's Iron Grip on Power Evaporates.
  146. Zimbabwe Ran out of U.S. Dollars. So, It Will Print Its Own.
  147. Zimbabwe: Breaking the Silence.
  148. Hundreds of South African Miners Were Charged with the Murder of their 34 Colleagues ...
  149. Fulfilling the Legacy of Nelson Mandela (1918-2013)
  150. African Politics: A Very Short Introduction.
  151. Introduction: Understanding African Politics: Bringing the State Back in
  152. 10 Most Corrupt African Dictators & Worst Leaders in Modern History.
▷ Africa: How, What, Who & Why
  1. How the International Community Can Help Restore Sudan’s Democracy
  2. How China's Taking over Africa, and Why the West Should Be Very Worried
  3. How US Nurtured Dictators to Africa’s Detriment
  4. How Africa’s Corrupt Leaders Stay in Power
  5. What Caused the Coup in Niger?
  6. What Is Happening to Democracy in Africa?
  7. What China Is Really Up to in Africa
  8. Why Is China Building Africa?
  9. What to Know About the Crisis in Sudan
  10. What Is Happening in Sudan, and How Does it Affect Global Politics?
  11. What Is Happening to Democracy in Africa?
  12. What Africans Really Think About China's Role in Africa
  13. ‘Coup attempt’ in Niger: Here’s What We Know ABout ‘Coup Attempt’ in Niger
  14. Why Africa's Rebels Become Dictators
  15. Why Is Africa Poor
  16. Why Is Africa Poor? - Maddison Lecture
  17. Why Africa Is Poor
  18. Why Most African Countries Are Poor
  19. Why Can't Nigeria Protect Its Children from Boko Haram?.
  20. Why Is Africa So Poor While Europe and North America Are So Wealthy
  21. Why Is Africa So Poor? You Asked Google – Here’s the Answer
  22. Why Democracy Will Never Succeed in Africa
  23. Why Are Coups Making a Comeback in Africa?
  24. Why Are There So Many Civil Wars in Africa?
  25. Why African Countries Back China on Human Rights
  26. Why Africa Loves China - Poverty and Development
  27. Why Coups in Africa Don’t Spell the End of Democracy
  28. Why Is There Fighting in Sudan?
  29. Why Niger's Coup Matters to the U.S.
Profiles of Countries & Territories
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |


South Africa
South Korea
United Kingdom
United States
South Africa
Hong Kong
Saudi Arabia

The Nobel Peace Prize - Laureates

2022: Ales Bialiatski, Memorial & Center for Civil Liberties
2021: Maria Ressa & Dmitry Muratov
2020: World Food Programme (WFP)
2019: Abiy Ahmed Ali
2018: Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad
2017: International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
2016: Juan Manuel Santos
2015: National Dialogue Quartet
2014: Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai
2013: Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
2012: European Union
2011: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkol Karman
2010: Liu Xiaobo
2009: Barack Obama
2008: Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari
2007: Albert Arnold Gore Jr.
2006: Muhammad Yunus
2005: Mohamed ElBaradei
2004: Wangari Maathai
2003: Shirin Ebadi
2002: Jimmy Carter
2001: Kofi Annan
2000: Kim Dae-jung
1999: Médecins Sans Frontières
1998: John Hume & David Trimble
1997: Jody Williams
1997: International Campaign to Ban Landmines
1996: Carlos F. X. Belo & José Ramos-Horta
1995: Joseph Rotblat
1995: Pugwash Conferences on Science ...
1994: Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres & Yitzhak Rabin
1993: Nelson Mandela & Frederik Willem de Klerk
1992: Rigoberta Menchú Tum
1991: Aung San Suu Kyi
1990: Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev
1989: Dalai Lama: Tenzin Gyatso
1988: United Nations Peacekeeping Forces
1987: Oscar Arias Sánchez
1986: Elie Wiesel
1985: Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
1984: Desmond Mpilo Tutu
1983: Lech Walesa
1979: Mother Teresa
1978: Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat and Menachem Begin
1977: Amnesty International



South Africa
South Korea
Switzerland Syria
United Kingdom
United States
More ...

Chiefs of State & Cabinet Members of Country
(Source: CIA - World Leaders)
  1. Afghanistan
  2. Albania
  3. Algeria
  4. Andorra
  5. Angola
  6. Antigua & Barbuda
  7. Argentina
  8. Armenia
  9. Aruba
  10. Australia
  11. Austria
  12. Azerbaijan
  13. Bahamas, The
  14. Bahrain
  15. Bangladesh
  16. Barbados
  17. Belarus
  18. Belgium
  19. Belize
  20. Benin
  21. Bermuda
  22. Bhutan
  23. Bolivia
  24. Bosnia & Herzegovina
  25. Botswana
  26. Brazil
  27. Brunei
  28. Bulgaria
  29. Burkina Faso
  30. Burma
  31. Burundi
  32. Cabo Verde
  33. Cambodia
  34. Cameroon
  35. Canada
  36. Central African Rep
  37. Chad
  38. Chile
  39. China
  40. Colombia
  41. Comoros
  42. Congo, DR
  43. Congo, Republic
  44. Cook Islands
  45. Costa Rica
  46. Cote d'Ivoire
  47. Croatia
  48. Cuba
  49. Cyprus
  50. Czechia
  51. Denmark
  52. Djibouti
  53. Dominica
  54. Dominican Republic
  55. Ecuador
  56. Egypt
  57. El Salvador
  58. Equatorial Guinea
  59. Eritrea
  60. Estonia
  61. Eswatini
  62. Ethiopia
  63. Fiji
  64. Finland
  65. France
  66. Gabon
  1. Gambia, The
  2. Georgia
  3. Germany
  4. Ghana
  5. Greece
  6. Grenada
  7. Guatemala
  8. Guinea
  9. Guinea-Bissau
  10. Guyana
  11. Haiti
  12. Holy See (Vatican City)
  13. Honduras
  14. Hungary
  15. Iceland
  16. India
  17. Indonesia
  18. Iran
  19. Iraq
  20. Ireland
  21. Israel
  22. Italy
  23. Jamaica
  24. Japan
  25. Jordan
  26. Kazakhstan
  27. Kenya
  28. Kiribati
  29. Korea, North
  30. Korea, South
  31. Kosovo
  32. Kuwait
  33. Kyrgyzstan
  34. Laos
  35. Latvia
  36. Lebanon
  37. Lesotho
  38. Liberia
  39. Libya
  40. Liechtenstein
  41. Lithuania
  42. Luxembourg
  43. Madagascar
  44. Malawi
  45. Malaysia
  46. Maldives
  47. Mali
  48. Malta
  49. Marshall Islands
  50. Mauritania
  51. Mauritius
  52. Mexico
  53. Micronesia
  54. Moldova
  55. Monaco
  56. Mongolia
  57. Montenegro
  58. Morocco
  59. Mozambique
  60. Namibia
  61. Nauru
  62. Nepal
  63. Netherlands
  64. New Zealand
  65. Nicaragua
  66. Niger
  1. Nigeria
  2. Niue
  3. Norway
  4. Oman
  5. Pakistan
  6. Palau
  7. Panama
  8. Papua New Guinea
  9. Paraguay
  10. Peru
  11. Philippines
  12. Poland
  13. Portugal
  14. Qatar
  15. Romania
  16. Russia
  17. Rwanda
  18. Saint Kitts & Nevis
  19. Saint Lucia
  20. Saint Vincent & the Grenadines
  21. Samoa
  22. San Marino
  23. Sao Tome & Principe
  24. Saudi Arabia
  25. Senegal
  26. Serbia
  27. Seychelles
  28. Sierra Leone
  29. Singapore
  30. Slovakia
  31. Slovenia
  32. Solomon Islands
  33. Somalia
  34. South Africa
  35. South Sudan
  36. Spain
  37. Sri Lanka
  38. Sudan
  39. Suriname
  40. Swaziland
  41. Sweden
  42. Switzerland
  43. Syria
  44. Taiwan
  45. Tajikistan
  46. Tanzania
  47. Thailand
  48. Timor-Leste
  49. Togo
  50. Tonga
  51. Trinidad & Tobago
  52. Tunisia
  53. Turkey
  54. Turkmenistan
  55. Tuvalu
  56. Uganda
  57. Ukraine
  58. United Arab Emirates
  59. United Kingdom
  60. Uruguay
  61. Uzbekistan
  62. Vanuatu
  63. Venezuela
  64. Vietnam
  65. Yemen
  66. Zambia
  67. Zimbabwe

Famous Speeches

Presidential Inaugural Addresses
Give Me Liberty
The Four Freedoms
Chance for Peace Speech
Declaration of War to Japan
The American Promise
What You Can Do for... Country?
Human Right & Foreign Policy
"Evil Empire"
Tear Down This Wall
Reagan's First Inaugural
U.S. Attack on Iraq, 1991
September 11, 2001
9/11 National Day of Prayer...
The Berlin Crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis
The Death of Martin Luther King
We Shall Overcome
I Have Sinned
The Great Society
Peace Without Conquest (Vietnam)
Vietnamization - War in Vietnam
Nixon's Resignation Speech
Space Shuttle Challenger
Reagan's Farewell Address
Clinton: Presidential Speeches

Famous Opinions
  1. “Whatever your politics, in order to debate, argue, compromise and get things done for the American people, we have to be able to agree on a baseline of facts ... Facts aren’t partisan. They don’t have alternatives.” -- Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) talked about “alternative facts” of the inauguration crowd size.
  2. “This was the largest audience to ever witness an inauguration — period — both in person and around the globe.” -- Mr. Sean Spicer, the White House press secretary said of President Trump's inauguration crowd.
  3. "If (Wisconsin Governor) Scott Walker thinks that it's appropriate to compare working people speaking up for their rights to brutal terrorists, then he is even less qualified to be president than I thought. Maybe he should go back to punting," - DNC spokesman Mo Elleithee responded to Scott Walker who compared liberal protestors to terrorists.
  4. “To compare the hundreds of thousands of teachers, students, grandmothers, veterans, correctional officers, nurses and all the workers who came out to peacefully protest and stand together for their rights as Americans to ISIS terrorists is disgusting and unacceptable,” Wisconsin AFL-CIO President Phil Neuenfeldt responded to (Wisconsin Governor) Scott Walker who says he can take on ISIS because he took on Labor Unions
  5. "We in Congress stand by Israel. In Congress, we speak with one voice on the subject of Israel." -- Rep. Nancy Pelosi.
  6. "There is nothing more painful to me at this stage of my life than to walk down the street and hear footsteps and start thinking about robbery - then look around and see somebody white and feel relieved. "(The Rev. Jesse Jackson, speaking at the PUSH convention in 1993.)
  7. "When I get on the plane, I got to tell you, if I see people who are in Muslim garb and I think, you know, they are identifying themselves first and foremost as Muslims, I get worried. I get nervous." (Juan Williams, on Bill O'Reilly's show, Fox News, 10/16/2010 - National Public Radio (NPR) fired Juan Williams for expressing his feeling, and said that he should have kept his feeling about Muslims between himself and "his psychiatrist or his publicist".)
  8. Anybody can become angry--that is easy; but to be angry with the right person, and to the right degree, and at the right time, and for the right purpose, and in the right way--that is not within everybody's power and is not easy." (Aristotle)
  9. "I have no enemies, and no hatred. I firmly believe that China's political progress will never stop, and I'm full of optimistic expectations of freedom coming to China in the future. Because no force can block the human desire for freedom, China will eventually become a country of the rule of law, in which human rights are supreme." (Liu Xiaobo's "final statement", written two days before he was sentenced to 11 years last December (2009) for "inciting subversion". - He was awarded the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize.)
  10. "And we need to recognize that the only way that America can lose the war on terror is if we defeat ourselves." (President George Bush's Speech at the U.S. Air Force Academy Graduation, 5/28/2008).
  11. "I tried to walk a line between acting lawfully and testifying falsely, but I now realize that I did not fully accomplish that goal." (Bill Clinton, 1998).
  12. "The only thing they (the English) have ever done for European agriculture is mad cow disease." (French President Jacques Chirac)
  13. "France is doing everything it can, but the problem is that it is impossible to stop Bush from pursuing his logic of war to the end." (French President Jacques Chirac).
  14. "Many African leaders refuse to send their troops on peace keeping missions abroad because they probably need their armies to intimidate their own populations. "(Kofi Annan)
  15. "There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires." (Nelson Mandela)
  16. "History will absolve me" (Fidel Castro)
  17. "I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together." (Martin Luther King's Speech "I Have a Dream" - Address at March on Washington, August 28, 1963. Washington, DC.)
  18. "Politics is supposed to be the second oldest profession. I have come to realize that it bears a very close resemblance to the first." (Ronald Reagan, 1982).
  19. "Politics is the art of looking for trouble, finding it everywhere, diagnosing it incorrectly, and applying the wrong remedies." (Julius Henry/Groucho Marx).
  20. "Any man who is under 30, and is not a liberal, has not heart; and any man who is over 30, and is not a conservative, has no brains." (Winston Churchill)
  21. "The economic anarchy of capitalist society as it exists today is, in my opinion, the real source of evil. (Albert Einstein, 1949)

What Did People Think About Their Leaders?

1. Robert Mugabe (Zimbabwe)
2. Omar Al-Bashir (Sudan)
3. Kim Jong-Il (North Korea)
4. Than Shwe (Burma/Myanmar)
5. King Abdullah (Saudi Arabia)
6. Hu Jintao (China)
7. Sayyid A. Khamenei & Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Iran)
8. Isayas Afewerki (Eritrea)
9. Gurbanguly Berdymuhammedov (Turkmenistan)
10. Muammar al-Gaddafi (Libya)
11. Islam Karimov (Uzbekistan)
12. Bashar al-Assad (Syria)
13. Raul Castro (Cuba)
14. Teodoro Obiang Nguema (Equ Guinea)
15. Aleksandr Lukashenko (Belarus)
16. Meles Zenawi (Ethiopia)
17. Idriss Deby (Chad)
18. King Mswati III (Swaziland)
19. Paul Biya (Camaroon)
20. Hosni Mubarak (Egypt)

What Did People Remember About Their Leaders?
  1. Abraham Lincoln - The 16th U.S. President successfully led the country through its greatest internal crisis, the American Civil War, preserving the Union, ending slavery, and rededicating the nation to nationalism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy.
  2. Bill Clinton - The 42nd U.S. President is remembered for more than just his presidential skills. Clinton presided over the continuation of an economic expansion that would later become the longest period of peace-time economic expansion in American history. He left office with the highest end-of-office approval rating of any U.S. president since World War II.
  3. Fidel Castro - Cuban leader and Communism supporter held power longer than any national leader other than Queen Elizabeth. His personal control over a Communist revolution made him perhaps the most important leader in Latin America since its 19th century wars of independence.
  4. Jacques Chirac - The second-longest serving President of France (1995 to 2007), is nicknamed 'Le Worm' by the British Sun newspaper and mocked remorselessly for his opinions and alleged corruptness. He is remembered as the president who successfully made well-known policies, including lower tax rates, the removal of price controls, strong punishment for crime and terrorism, and business privatization in France.
  5. Kofi Annan - A Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 2006. Annan and the United Nations were the co-recipients of the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize for his founding the Global AIDS and Health Fund to support developing countries in their struggle to care for their people.
  6. Tony Blair - The United Kingdom Labour Party's longest-serving Prime Minister (5/1997 - 6/2007) will be remembered as the PM who strongly supported United States foreign policy, notably by participating in the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan and 2003 invasion of Iraq. Blair raised taxes, introduced significant constitutional reforms, promoted new rights for gay people, and signed treaties integrating Britain more closely with the EU.
  7. Margaret Thatcher - The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990. She is remembered as the PM with political philosophy and economic policies emphasized deregulation, particularly of the financial sector, flexible labor markets, and the selling off and closing down of state owned companies and withdrawing subsidy to others.
  8. Nelson Mandela - A famous global figure and African leader who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. Before his presidency, Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist and served 27 years in prison. He has received more than 250 awards over four decades, including the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize.

Women In Politics
Female Lawmakers (2010)
(Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union)
Rank Country Lower or single House Upper House or Senate
Seats Women Percentage Seats Women Percentage
1 Rwanda 80 45 56.3% 26 9 34.6%
2 Sweden 349 162 46.4% --- --- ---
3 South Africa 400 178 44.5% 54 16 29.6%
4 Cuba 614 265 43.2% --- --- ---
5 Iceland 63 27 42.9% --- --- ---
6 Netherlands 150 63 42.0% 75 26 34.7%
7 Finland 200 80 40.0% --- --- ---
8 Norway 169 67 39.6% --- --- ---
9 Mozambique 250 98 39.2% --- --- ---
10 Angola 220 85 38.6% --- --- ---
11 Argentina 257 99 38.5% 71 25 35.2%
12 Belgium 150 57 38.0% 71 29 40.8%
12 Denmark 179 68 38.0% --- --- ---
14 Costa Rica 57 21 36.8% --- --- ---
15 Spain 350 128 36.6% 263 81 30.8%
16 Andorra 28 10 35.7% --- --- ---
17 New Zealand 122 41 33.6% --- --- ---
18 Nepal 594 197 33.2% --- --- ---
19 Germany 622 204 32.8% 69 15 21.7%
20 Macedonia 120 39 32.5% --- --- ---
21 Ecuador 124 40 32.3% --- --- ---
22 Belarus 110 35 31.8% 58 19 32.8%
23 Uganda 324 102 31.5% --- --- ---
24 Burundi 118 37 31.4% 49 16 32.7%
25 Tanzania 323 99 30.7% --- --- ---
26 Guyana 70 21 30.0% --- --- ---
27 Timor-Leste 65 19 29.2% --- --- ---
28 Switzerland 200 58 29.0% 46 10 21.7%
29 Austria 183 51 27.9% 61 18 29.5%
30 Mexico 500 138 27.6% 128 25 19.5%
30 Tunisia 214 59 27.6% 112 17 15.2%
32 Peru 120 33 27.5% --- --- ---
33 Portugal 230 63 27.4% --- --- ---
34 Afghanistan 249 68 27.3% 102 23 22.5%
34 Australia 150 41 27.3% 76 27 35.5%
36 Namibia 78 21 26.9% 26 7 26.9%
37 Trinidad and Tobago 41 11 26.8% 31 13 41.9%
38 Monaco 23 6 26.1% --- --- ---
39 Viet Nam 493 127 25.8% --- --- ---
40 Kyrgyzstan 90 23 25.6% --- --- ---
41 Iraq 275 70 25.5% --- --- ---
41 Suriname 51 13 25.5% --- --- ---
43 Laos 115 29 25.2% --- --- ---
44 Lesotho 120 29 24.2% 33 6 18.2%
45 Liechtenstein 25 6 24.0% --- --- ---
46 Moldova 101 24 23.8% --- --- ---
47 Croatia 153 36 23.5% --- --- ---
47 Seychelles 34 8 23.5% --- --- ---
49 Singapore 94 22 23.4% --- --- ---
50 Estonia 101 23 22.8% --- --- ---
51 Senegal 150 34 22.7% 100 40 40.0%
52 United Arab Emirates 40 9 22.5% --- --- ---
53 Bolivia 130 29 22.3% 36 15 41.7%
54 Pakistan 342 76 22.2% 100 17 17.0%
55 Canada 308 68 22.1% 93 32 34.4%
55 Mauritania 95 21 22.1% 56 8 14.3%
56 Eritrea 150 33 22.0% --- --- ---
56 Latvia 100 22 22.0% --- --- ---
56 Uzbekistan 150 33 22.0% 100 15 15.0%
59 Ethiopia 529 116 21.9% 112 21 18.8%
60 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 23 5 21.7% --- --- ---
61 Serbia 250 54 21.6% --- --- ---
62 China 2987 637 21.3% --- --- ---
62 Italy 630 134 21.3% 322 59 18.3%
63 Cambodia 123 26 21.1% 61 9 14.8%
64 Philippines 267 56 21.0% 23 4 17.4%
65 Bulgaria 240 50 20.8% --- --- ---
65 Malawi 192 40 20.8% --- --- ---
67 Nicaragua 92 19 20.7% --- --- ---
68 Luxembourg 60 12 20.0% --- --- ---
68 Poland 460 92 20.0% 100 8 8.0%
70 Dominican Republic 178 35 19.7% 32 1 3.1%
71 United Kingdom 646 126 19.5% 735 147 20.0%
72 Israel 120 23 19.2% --- --- ---
73 Lithuania 141 27 19.1% --- --- ---
74 Bosnia and Herzegovina 42 8 19.0% 15 2 13.3%
74 El Salvador 84 16 19.0% --- --- ---
76 France 577 109 18.9% 343 75 21.9%
76 Sudan 444 84 18.9% 50 3 6.0%
78 Bangladesh 345 64 18.6% --- --- ---
79 Cape Verde 72 13 18.1% --- --- ---
80 Honduras 128 23 18.0% --- --- ---
80 Indonesia 560 101 18.0% --- --- ---
80 Slovakia 150 27 18.0% --- --- ---
83 Kazakhstan 107 19 17.8% 47 2 4.3%
84 Tajikistan 63 11 17.5% 34 8 23.5%
84 Venezuela 166 29 17.5% --- --- ---
86 Greece 300 52 17.3% --- --- ---
87 Mauritius 70 12 17.1% --- --- ---
88 Turkmenistan 125 21 16.8% --- --- ---
88 United States of America 435 73 16.8% 98 15 15.3%
90 San Marino 60 10 16.7% --- --- ---
91 Albania 140 23 16.4% --- --- ---
92 North Korea 687 107 15.6% --- --- ---
93 Czech Republic 200 31 15.5% 81 14 17.3%
94 Burkina Faso 111 17 15.3% --- --- ---
95 Zimbabwe 214 32 15.0% 99 24 24.2%
96 Gabon 116 17 14.7% 102 18 17.6%
96 South Korea 299 44 14.7% --- --- ---
98 Slovenia 90 13 14.4% 40 1 2.5%
99 Dominica 28 4 14.3% --- --- ---
100 Chile 120 17 14.2% 38 5 13.2%
101 Uruguay 99 14 14.1% 30 4 13.3%
102 Russian Federation 450 63 14.0% 169 8 4.7%
102 Zambia 157 22 14.0% --- --- ---
104 Cameroon 180 25 13.9% --- --- ---
104 Ireland 165 23 13.9% 59 13 22.0%
105 Djibouti 65 9 13.8% --- --- ---
107 Swaziland 66 9 13.6% 30 12 40.0%
108 Grenada 15 2 13.3% 13 4 30.8%
108 Jamaica 60 8 13.3% 21 3 14.3%
108 Thailand 473 63 13.3% 150 24 16.0%
111 Sierra Leone 121 16 13.2% --- --- ---
112 Cyprus 56 7 12.5% --- --- ---
112 Liberia 64 8 12.5% 30 5 16.7%
112 Paraguay 80 10 12.5% 45 7 15.6%
115 Syria 250 31 12.4% --- --- ---
116 Bahamas 41 5 12.2% 15 5 33.3%
117 Guatemala 158 19 12.0% --- --- ---
118 Azerbaijan 123 14 11.4% --- --- ---
118 Romania 334 38 11.4% 137 8 5.8%
120 Japan 480 54 11.3% 242 42 17.4%
121 Hungary 386 43 11.1% --- --- ---
121 Montenegro 81 9 11.1% --- --- ---
121 Saint Lucia 18 2 11.1% 11 4 36.4%
121 Togo 81 9 11.1% --- --- ---
125 Benin 83 9 10.8% --- --- ---
125 India 545 59 10.8% 233 21 9.0%
127 Antigua and Barbuda 19 2 10.5% 17 5 29.4%
127 Morocco 325 34 10.5% 270 6 2.2%
129 Mali 147 15 10.2% --- --- ---
130 Barbados 30 3 10.0% 21 7 33.3%
130 Equatorial Guinea 100 10 10.0% --- --- ---
130 Guinea-Bissau 100 10 10.0% --- --- ---
133 Malaysia 222 22 9.9% 64 18 28.1%
134 Kenya 224 22 9.8% --- --- ---
135 Niger 113 11 9.7% --- --- ---
136 Central African Republic 104 10 9.6% --- --- ---
137 Armenia 131 12 9.2% --- --- ---
138 Turkey