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This Month in History

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1 1997 - Hong Kong is returned to China with a special 50-year political system for people living in Hong Kong.
1966 - The Medicare federal insurance program went into effect.
1943 - Paycheck withholding tax collection begins in the US.
1867 - Canadian Independence Day
1863 - The Battle of Gettysburg begins
2 1992 - Chevrolet celebrates 1 million Corvettes
1964 - President Johnson signs Civil Rights Act
1961 - Ernest Hemmingway shot himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.
1881 - President James A. Garfield was assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau, a failed lawyer. 1776 - Congress votes for independence
3 1988 - U.S. warship downs Iranian passenger jet.
1950 - North Korean and US troops battled for the first time during the Korean War.
1930 - U.S. Veterans Administration was formed.
1890 - Idaho becomes 43rd state.
1863 - Battle of Gettysburg ends
1608 - City of Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain.
4 1997 - Pathfinder lands on Mars.
1872 - President Coolidge is born in Vermont.
1826 - John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, the second and third presidents of the U.S., respectively, die on this day.
1802 - The U.S. Military Academy at West Point (New York) is opened.
1776 - U.S. declares independence.
5 2003 - World Health Organization declares SARS contained worldwide.
1996 - First successful cloning of a mammal.
1946 - Bikini is introduced.
1940 - The U.S. passes Export Control Act.
1865 - Salvation Army founded.
6 1976 - Women inducted into U.S. Naval Academy.
1968 - Roy Rogers (November 5, 1911 – July 6, 1998), an American singer and cowboy actor, dies on this day.
1967 - Civil war in Nigeria.
1946 - President George Walker Bush is born in Connecticut.
1935 - Dalai Lama, leader of Tibet and bestselling author, is born.
1923 - The U.S.S.R. is formed.
1885 - Louis Pasteur successfully tested an rabies vaccine.
1854 - The Republican Party is founded at a convention in Jackson, Michigan.
7 2005 - Terrorists attack London transit system at rush hour
1976 - Female cadets enrolled at West Point
1930 - Building of Hoover Dam begins
1928 - Chrysler Plymouth debuts
1865 - Mary Surratt is first woman executed by U.S. federal government
1958 - President Eisenhower signed the bill making Alaska a state.
8 1994 - North Korea's "Great Leader" dies
1959 - First Americans killed in South Vietnam
1976 - The Liberty Bell rings
1889 - Wall Street Journal first published.
9 1984 - New York passes the first compulsory seat-belt law in the US.
1947 - First female army officer.
1890 - Wyoming became the 44th state.
1877 - Wimbledon tournament begins
1850 - Zachary Taylor, the 12th US president, dies of cholera after serving only one year and four months in office.
1846 - U.S. takes San Francisco.
1777 - New York elects its first governor.
10 1990 - Gorbachev is re-elected as head of Communist Party
1925 - TASS, the official news agency, is established in the USSR.
1887 - Dam collapses in Switzerland, kills 70.
1850 - Millard Fillmore sworn in as president.
11 1995 - U.S. establishes diplomatic relations with Vietnam
1977 - The Medal of Freedom is posthumously awarded to the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
1955 - The US Air Force Academy is dedicated at Lowry AFB, Colorado Springs, Colorado.
1945 - Soviets agree to hand over power in West Berlin
1798 - US Marine Corps is created by Congress.
1767 - President J. Q. Adams is born in Massachusetts.
12 1990 - Yeltsin resigns from Communist Party
1933 - The US government set the minimum wage at forty cents per hour.
1862 - Medal of Honor created
100 BC - Julius Caesar born.
13 1985 - Live Aid concert
1943 - The Battle of Kursk, involving around 6,000 tanks, two million men, and 5,000 aircraft, ends with the German offensive repulsed by the Soviets at heavy cost.
14 1933 - All political parties, except the Nazi Party, are outlawed in Germany.
1913 - President Ford is born in Nebraska.
1789 - French revolutionaries storm Bastille
1789 - The Sedition Act becomes federal law, which permitted the prosecution of individuals who voiced or printed what the government deemed to be "malicious" remarks about the president or government of the U.S.
15 1939 - Carl Fisher, the founder of both the Indy 500 and Miami Beach, dies in Miami at age 65
1815 - Napoleon surrendered and is exiled to St. Helena in the South Atlantic.
1606 - Dutch painter Rembrandt born in Leiden, the Netherlands.
16 1969 - Apollo 11, the first U.S. lunar landing mission, is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida
1945 - The U.S. successfully conducts the first test of the atomic bomb at its research facility in Los Alamos, New Mexico
1935 - The first parking meters is installed, in Oklahoma City.
1918 - Czar Nicholas II, his wife and their five children are executed by the Bolsheviks.
1790 - District of Columbia (Washington DC) is established as the seat of the US government.
17 2006 - Over 650 people are killed as a 7.7-magnitude undersea earthquake triggers a tsunami that strikes a 125 miles (200km) stretch of the southern coast of Java, Indonesia.
1996 - Shortly after takeoff from NY's Kennedy International Airport, a TWA Boeing 747 jetliner bound for Paris explodes over the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 230 people aboard
1955 - Disneyland opens in California
1898 - Spain surrenders to the U.S. at Santiago, Cuba.
1821 - Spain cedes Florida to the U.S..
18 1984 - Twenty-one people are shot to death at McDonald's
1947 - Truman signs the Presidential Succession Act revised the older act that was passed in 1792 during George Washington’s first term.
1936 - Spanish Civil War breaks out
19 1943 - U.S. bombs Rome
1935 - Parking meters debut
1934 - Patent filed for retractable headlamps
20 1976 - Viking 1 lands on Mars.
1969 - Neil Armstrong walks on moon.
1951 - King of Jordan assassinated.
1944 - Hitler wounded in bomb plot.
21 2005 - Terrorists attempt to attack the London transit system by planting bombs on 3 subways and on 1 bus
1987 - Enzo Ferrari, in a ceremony commemorating his company's 40th year, unveiled the Ferrari F40 at the factory in Maranello, Italy
1954 - France is surrendered to North Vietnam.
1899 - Ernest Hemingway is born in Oak Park, Illinois.
22 1987 - Gorbachev agrees the elimination of intermediate-range missiles on a worldwide basis, with no conditions
1933 - American aviator Wiley Post flies solo around the world
23 1950 - Korean War begins
1952 - Military seizes power in Egypt
1903 - The first two-cylinder Ford Model A was delivered to its customer,
24 2005 - American cyclist Lance Armstrong wins a record-setting seventh consecutive Tour de France and retires from the sport.
1847 - Brigham Young leads 148 Mormon pioneers settle in Salt Lake Valley
25 2000 - Concorde, the world’s fastest commercial jet, crashes
1952 - Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the US.
1943 - Mussolini falls from power
1898 - U.S. forces launch their invasion of Puerto Rico, an island that was one of Spain's two principal possessions in the Caribbean
26 1971 - Apollo 15 launched from Cape Kennedy.
1963 - Over 1000 people are killed as a 6.90-magnitude earthquake strikes the Macedonian capital of Skopje.
1956 - Egypt nationalizes the Suez Canal
1947 - President Truman signed the National Security Act, which created the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, the CIA and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
1945 - Winston Churchill resigns
1941 - President Franklin Roosevelt seizes all Japanese assets in the U.S. in retaliation for the Japanese occupation of French Indo-China.
1908 - FBI is established
1847 - Liberia, formerly a colony of the American Colonization Society, declares its independence
1775 - Congress establishes U.S. Post Office - Ben Franklin becomes the first Postmaster General.

27 2003 - Bob Hope (May 29, 1903 - July 27, 2003), a American comedian and actor, dies on this day.
2002 - During an air show in Ukraine, a fighter jet crashes into a crowd of spectators, killing 85 people.
1976 - 242,769 people are killed as a powerful earthquake strikes China.
1974 - Nixon charged with first of three articles of impeachment
1904 - The first Buick automobile is sold.
28 1976 - An earthquake flattens China, kills estimated 250,000 people in Tangshan and surrounding areas
1945 - U.S. Senate approves United Nations charter by a 89 to 2 vote.
1945 - A U.S. Army bomber crashes into the Empire State Building's 79th floor, killing 14 people.
1914 - Austria declares war on Serbia.
29 1981 - Prince Charles, heir to the British throne, marries Lady Diana Spencer, a young English schoolteacher
1958 - President Eisenhower signs to establishes NASA.
1914 - American long distance telephone service begins with a conversation between New York City and San Francisco.
1909 - The Buick Motor Company acquires the Cadillac Motor Company on behalf of General Motors for $4.5 million
1890 - Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh dies in Auvers, France.
30 1971 - A mid-air collision between All Nippon Airways Flight 58 and a fighter jet in Japan kills 162 people
1966 - England wins World Cup
1965 - President Johnson signs the Medicare Act into law.
1932 - Disney's first color cartoon
1863 - Henry Ford is born in Dearborn Township, Michigan.
31 1897 - Guglielmo Marconi is awarded a patent for the wireless telegraph technology.
1875 - Former President Andrew Johnson dies
1715 - A hurricane strikes the east coast of Florida, sinking 10 Spanish treasure ships and killing nearly 1,000 people. Their gold and silver onboard were recovered in 1965.
1498 - Christopher Columbus discovered the island of Trinidad.
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