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This Month in History

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1 2002 - The US confirms a "shadow government", consisting of career executive-branch officials, is being rotated through secret bunkers to assure continuity of its government in case of disaster.
1973 - Honda's Civic is introduced
1961 - Kennedy establishes Peace Corps
1954 - Five U.S. Congressman shot on floor of House as Puerto Rican nationalists fire from spectators' gallery; all five recover
1941 - First commercially licensed FM station
1872 - Yellowstone Park established
2 1997 - Soyuz TM-24 returns to Earth
1995 - Space shuttle STS-67 (Endeavour 8)launches
1992 - Moldova joins the United Nations
1985 - FDA approves an ELISA screening test for AIDS antibody for all blood banks
1983 - Sony introduces Compact Disc recordings developed by Phillips
1972 - Pioneer 10 launched to Jupiter
1949 - Automatic streetlights are introduced
1927 - Babe Ruth signs a $70,000 per year contract, becomes the highest paid baseball player in the baseball sport
1925 - First numbered highways
1836 - Texas Independence proclaimed
1807 - Congress abolishes the African slave trade
3 2002 - Voters in Switzerland approved the government's proposal applying for membership in the UN.
1879 - United States Geological Survey created
1873 - Congress bans sending obscene materials
1845 - Congress overrides presidential veto for first time
4 2002 - Ethnic Albanian leader Ibrahim Rugova is elected as the president of the province of Kosovo.
1977 - About 1,500 people are killed after a magnitude 8.7 earthquake strikes near Romanian capital, Bucharest
1952 - Ernest Hemingway finishes "The Old Man & the Sea"
1865 - Lincoln inaugurated for a second term
1861 - Lincoln inaugurated
5 1998 - Serbs battle ethnic Albanians
1982 - Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus sends back data
1978 - Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, CA
1968 - US launches Solar Explorer 2 to study the Sun
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test site
1960 - Elvis Presley, one of the most influential and best selling recording artists of the 20th century, ends 2-year hitch in US Army
1953 - Joseph Stalin dies
6 2017 - Wikileaks publishes "Vault 7" CIA documents detailing its hacking and surveillance techniques
2015 - U.S. charges two Vietnamese citizens and a Canadian with running a massive cyberfraud ring that stole 1 billion email addresses for spam
1983 - Kohl elected West German chancellor
1981 - Soyuz 39 returns to Earth
1981 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1960 - President Sukarno disbands Indonesia's parliament
1957 - Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) declares independence from United Kingdom
1953 - Georgi Malenkov succeeds Stalin - becomes Soviet Premier
1931 - First radio newsreel debuts
1475 - Michelangelo is born
7 2017 - Malta's famous landmark the Azure Window collaspes into the sea after a storm
1996 - The first democratically elected Palestinian parliament is formed
1994 - Nelson Mandela rejects demand by white right-wingers for separate homeland in South Africa
1994 - US Navy issues 1st permanent order assigning women on its combat ships
1994 - Charles Taylor resigns as President of Liberia
1985 - IBM-PC DOS Version 3.1 (update) released
1973 - Bangladesh's first democratic leader
1968 - The BBC broadcasts news first time in color on television.
1918 - Finland signs treaty with Germany
1916 - BMW is born
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone
8 2014 - Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 with 239 people loses contact and disappears
1986 - Martina Navratilova, the 1st female tennis player to earn $10 million
1983 - IBM releases PC DOS version 2.0
1979 - China withdraws invasion troops from Vietnam
1975 - S. Vietnam President Thieu orders force withdrawal
1965 - 1st US combat forces (3,500 Marines) arrive in Vietnam
1957 - Egypt opens the Suez Canal
1945 - International Women's Day is 1st observed
1796 - Supreme Court knocks down tax law
9 1998 - U.S. and allies decide to impose modest diplomatic and economic sanctions on Yugoslavia for "unacceptable" use of force to kill ethnic Albanians
1938 - Bob Hope's film debut
1932 - China's last emperor is Japanese puppet
1925 - US National treasurer is born
1916 - Germany declares war on Portugal
10 1970 - Army captain charged with My Lai, Vietnam, war crimes
1918 - Warner Bros. releases its first film
1906 - Mine explosion kills 1,060 in France
1902 - Edison loses movie camera suit
1876 - Speech transmitted by telephone
11 2011 - 20,896 people are killed after a magnitude 6.3 earthquake strikes with a massive tsunami along the Japanese coast
2004 - Terrorists bomb trains in Madrid
1990 - Liania proclaims its independence
1988 - Robert C. McFarlane, former National Security Advisor, pleads guilty in Iran-Contra case
1985 - Mikhail Gorbachev picked to succeed U.S.S.R leader Chernenko, who dies at 73
1918 - First cases reported in deadly influenza epidemic
1779 - Congress establishes the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
12 1952 - Mercedes introduces 300SL
1938 - Gandhi leads civil disobedience
1923 - First movie with sound recorded on film
1912 - The Girl Scouts were founded
13 2012 - Encyclopaedia Britannica announces no longer publish printed versions of its encyclopaedia
1992 - A magnitude 6.8 earthquake kills over 500 people in Erzincan, Turkey
1992 - FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12)
1991 - Exxon pays $1 billion dollars in fines & cleanup of Valdez oil spill in Alaska
1989 - US space shuttle STS-29 launched
1986 - Microsoft's initial public offering.
1969 - Apollo 9 returns to Earth
1950 - General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (1st record)
1946 - UAW takes on General Motors
1921 - Mongolia declares independence from China
1918 - Leon Trotsky (Lev Davidovich Bronshtein) gains control of the Red Army
1881 - Czar Alexander II assassinated
14 1995 - Russian space station greets first American
1990 - Gorbachev elected president of the Soviet Union
1964 - Jack Ruby convicted of murder in slaying of Lee Harvey Oswald; sentenced to death by Dallas jury
1879 - Albert Einstein born
15 1990 - Ford Explorer is introduced
1968 - Black teen-agers riot in Watts, Los Angeles; two men killed and around 25 injured
1939 - Nazis take Czechoslovakia
1917 - Czar Nicholas II abdicates
1906 - Rolls Royce is born
1767 - President Jackson is born in South Carolina.
16 1978 - U.S. Senate approves Panama Canal neutrality treaty
1978 - Former Italian Premier Aldo Moro kidnapped by left wing terrorists, who kill five bodyguards
1968 - My Lai massacre takes place in Vietnam
1945 - Fighting on Iwo Jima ends
1915 - FTC is founded
1802 - U.S. Military Academy established
1751 - President Madison is born in Virginia.
17 1998 - Researchers in Finland found that vitamin E can reduce prostate cancer risk
1949 - First Porsche is introduced
1906 - Earthquakes kill more than 1,200 in Taiwan
1845 - The rubber band was invented
1776 - British evacuate Boston
18 1970 - Lon Nol ousts Prince Sihanouk
1950 - Nationalist Chinese forces invade mainland China
1947 - William Durant, the founder of GM, died in NY
1929 - GM acquires Opel
1852 - Wells Fargo established
1850 - American Express founded
1837 - President Cleveland is born in New Jersey.
19 2003 - War in Iraq begins
1952 - One millionth Jeep produced
1931 - Nevada legalizes gambling
1916 - First U.S. air combat mission begins
20 1996 - Britain alarmed by deadly cow disease
1995 - Tokyo subways are attacked with sarin gas
1994 - El Salvador's 1st pres election following 12-year-old civil war
1987 - FDA approves sale of AZT (AIDS treatment)
1982 - France performs nuclear test
1854 - Republican Party founded
21 2014 - Russia formally annexes Crimea amid international condemenation
1984 - Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
1980 - Carter tells U.S. athletes of Olympic boycott in Moscow
1975 - Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
1972 - US Supreme Court rules states can't require 1-yr residency to vote
1971 - First use of computer animation for entertainment
1969 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test site
1965 - US Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact
22 1996 -STS 76 (Atlantis 16), launches into orbit
1994 - Soyuz TM-21 lands
1993 - Intel introduces Pentium-processor (80586) 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS
1985 -NASA launches Intelsat VA F-10
1982 - 3rd Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 3 launched
1981 - US 1st class postage raised from 15 cents to 18 cents
1978 - France performs nuclear test
1945 - Arab League formed
1933 - FDR legalizes sale of beer and wine
23 1998 - Yeltsin dismisses entire cabinet
1994 - Mexican Presidential candidate assassinated
1994 - Russian Airbus A-310 crashes in Siberia (74-75 killed)
1985 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1983 - 1983 US President Ronald Reagan introduces Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars")
1982 - Guatemala military coup under gen Rios Montt, president Romeo Lucas flees
1980 - France performs nuclear test
1978 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 - Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, over 100 killed
1919 - Mussolini founds the Fascist party
1918 - Paris hit by shells from new German gun
24 2016 - Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadžić found guilty of genocide during 1995 Srebrenica massacre, jailed to 40 years
2014 - Ukraine withdraws its forces from the Crimea
2008 - Bhutan officially becomes a democracy country, the first general election is held.
1999 - NATO bombs Yugoslavia
1994 - F-16 collides with C-130 Hercules above AFB in NC, 120 die
1989 - Exxon Valdez runs aground, spills 11.3 mil gallons of oil off Alaska
1976 - Argentine President Isabel Martínez de Perón is deposed in a military coup
1964 - Kennedy half-dollar issued
1954 - AMC (later bought by Chrysler) incorporated
1947 - Congress proposes 2-term limitation on the presidency
1882 - German scientist Robert Koch discovers the tubercle bacillus which causes tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
25 1994 - Last U.S. troops depart Somalia
1975 - King Faisal assassinated
1967 - Martin Luther King leads march against the war
1946 - Soviets announce withdrawal from Iran
1920 - Chrysler leaves GM
1918 - Belarusian Peoples’ Republic established
1901 - Mercedes debuts
26 1979 - Israel-Egyptian peace agreement signed
1975 - Hue (Vietnam) falls to the communists
1920 - F. Scott Fitzgerald's first novel published
1885 - First movie film made
27 2014 - UN General Assembly condemns Russia's annexation of Crimea
1998 - FDA approves Viagra, a male impotence pill
1993 - Jiang Zemin is appointed as President of the People's Republic of China
1976 - Washington, D.C. underground Metro opens
1972 - Venera 8 launched to Venus
1966 - Anti Vietnam war demonstrations in US, Europe & Australia
1958 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party
1944 - Around 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp and over 2,000 Jews are murdered by Nazis in Kaunas Lithuania
1939 - NASCAR giant is born
28 2005 - About 1,300 people are killed after a magnitude 8.7 earthquake strikes the coast of the Indonesian island of Nias, west of Sumatra
1979 - Conservatives win British election; Margaret Thatcher becomes new Prime Minister
1979 - Nuclear power plant accident at Three Mile Island, PA.; releases radiation
1969 - Eisenhower dies
1939 - Spanish Civil War ends
29 2013 - Soyuz TMA-08M docks with the International Space Station after setting a new record of 6 hours in orbit before
2004 - Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia become full NATO members.
1993 - Five arrested, sixth sought in bombing of World Trade Center in New York
1973 - U.S. withdraws from Vietnam - Last American troops departed 9 yrs after Tonkin Resolution.
1943 - Meat (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's), cheese and butter are rationed in the U.S. during WW II
1886 - Coca Cola is invented
1867 - Congress first approves building of Lincoln Memorial
1790 - President Tyler is born in Virginia.
30 2012 - American Mega Millions lottery hits a world record lottery, $640 million
2012 - Mastercard and Visa announce a massive breach in security with over ten million compromised credit card numbers
1987 - Vincent van Gogh's "Sunflowers" sells for a record, $39.7 million
1984 - President Reagan ends U.S. role in Beirut by relieving Sicth Fleet from peacekeeping force
1981 - President Reagan is wounded by gunman, with press secretary and two law-enforcement officers by John W Hinckley III
1965 - A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others
1959 - Dalai Lama flees China and is granted political asylum in India
1946 - Academy Award radio show begins
1942 - Nazi-SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp
1867 - U.S. buys Alaska
1856 - Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War
31 1997 - NASA's Pioneer 10 ends its mission
1996 - Space Shuttle STS 76 (Atlantis 16), lands
1991 - Soviet Rep of Georgia endorsed independence; Warsaw Pact dissolves
1984 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 - US orders first combat troops to Vietnam
1962 - Adolf Eichmann hanged in Israel for his part in Nazi extermination of sic million Jews
1959 - Dalai Lama begins exile
1953 - US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
1940 - Germany's Atlantis launches
1889 - Eiffel Tower opens
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