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Did You Know?
  1. In 2023 the federal government collected around $4.44 trillion in revenue and spent $6.13 trillion, the deficit for FY23 was $1.70 trillion. From the 2018 to 2021 fiscal years, the government collected $14.3 trillion in revenue, and spent $21.9 trillion. In that time, mandatory spending on programs such as Social Security and Medicare totaled $14.7 trillion alone. Discretionary spending totaled about $5.8 trillion. During Trump administration, tax cuts added roughly another $1 trillion to the federal deficit from 2018 to 2021, even after factoring in economic growth spurred by the tax cuts. The first coronavirus stimulus package, which received near unanimous support in Congress, added $2 trillion to the deficit over the next two fiscal years. Three additional spending measures contending with Covid-19 and its economic ramifications added another $1.4 trillion.
  2. In the United States, the middle class took home approximately 43 percent of all income.
  3. In New York, while banks earn billions of dollars in profits, 40 percent of their bank tellers are on some form of public aid like food stamps.
  4. Around 51 percent of all American workers make less than $30,000 a year.
  5. The trade fight between the United States and China is reordering the global supply chain and Vietnam could stand to be a winner for investors.
  6. One out of every seven American people has at least 10 credit cards.
  7. Approximate 40 percent of all working age Americans either have medical bill problems or are currently paying off medical debt.
  8. Today around 48.8 percent of all 25-year-old Americans and approximate 19 percent of all American men between the ages of 25 and 34 still live at home with their parents.
  9. The Great Recession was a period of marked general decline, i.e. a recession, observed in national economies globally that occurred between 2007 and 2009. The causes of this Great Recession include a combination of vulnerabilities that developed in the financial system, along with housing prices falling in the U.S. and homeowners abandoning their mortgages, and the value of mortgage-backed securities held by investment banks collapsed; the household net worth, which reflects the value of both stock markets and housing prices, fell $11.5 trillion (17.3%) and did not regain its pre-recession level of $66.4 trillion until Q3 2012.
  10. Both China and India designate as developing countries - which are the countries with a less developed industrial base and a low human development index relative to other countries - even though they are ranked by the International Monetary Fund as the world's second and fifth largest economies. Developing countries tend to have some characteristics in common often due to low levels of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; energy poverty; high levels of pollution; widespread poverty; low education levels, discriminations against people; corruption at all government levels; and a lack of so-called good governance.
  11. One of the purposes of manipulation of currency is to weaken currency. In order to manipulate currency the country sells its own currency and buys foreign currency – usually U.S. dollars. Following the laws of supply and demand, the result is that the manipulating country reduces the demand for its own currency while increasing the demand for foreign currencies. The International Monetary Foundation (IMF) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) have provisions prohibiting the use of currency manipulation to gain trade advantages.
  12. As of May 2018, about 41 American million people live in poverty, of which 18.5 million of them in extreme poverty and over 550,000 people are homeless in America. African Americans are almost 2.5 times more likely than whites to live in poverty and their unemployment rate is more than double.
  13. The World's Top 10 Economies are United States, China, Japan, Germany, United Kingdom, India, France, Brazil, Italy, and Canada.
  14. The U.S. economy loses its spot as the number one economy to China when measured in terms of GDP based on PPP; as of October 2017, China’s GDP based on PPP is $23.19 trillion exceeds the U.S. GDP of $19.42 trillion. However, the U.S. is way ahead of China in terms of GDP per capita, in which, the U.S. economy is approximately $59,609 versus $16,676 in China.
  15. Based on the 2017 Index of Economic Freedom Hong Kong, with its extremely low tax rates, minimal regulations on businesses, and highly capitalist system of economics, ranks as 89.8% economically free, which is the highest rating in the world. Singapore, which imposes no tariffs, and there are few restrictions on investments, ranks second and is 88.6% free. New Zealand and Switzerland are ranked in the top 4 segment, having 83.7% and 81.5% free economies, respectively. Australia, which ranks fifth as 81.0% free, has very low tariffs and strong private property rights. The U.S., featuring the world's most advanced financial markets, is 75.1% economically free as of 2017. The bottom 5 countries with little to no free market economies include North Korea, Venezuela, Cuba, Republic of Congo, and Eritrea.
  16. As of November 2016, there are around 58 million Americans collecting Social Security benefits. In 2015, 49.2 million people received Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) benefits, 10.8 million received Disability Insurance (DI) benefits, and 55.3 million were covered under Medicare.
  17. As of October 2016, the total amount of debt in the United States (government debt + business debt + consumer debt, etc.) is over $56 trillion; it was less than $2 trillion in 1970.
  18. The strong signs of economic crisis include massive layoffs; non affordable accommodation surplus; halt or cancellation of construction activities; real estate value dips; restructuring or closure of  businesses; retail, travel, hospitality and technology falling; and fall in oil prices.
  19. As of October 2016 the population of Dubai, the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), is around 2.643 million, of which approximate 85% is Asian (chiefly Indian, Pakistani, Filipino, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan); about 25% of the total Dubai population has Iranian origin.
  20. Norway's Government Pension Fund holding $873 billion as of June 2015 is the largest fund; its profits are from the state-owned North Sea oil drilling operation; a drop in oil prices has costed the fund billions since March 2015. 
  21. The 20 wealthiest people in the United States have more money than the poorest 152 million Americans combined.
  22. As of 12/2015 At this point 62 percent of all Americans have less than $1,000 in their savings accounts, and 21 percent of all Americans do not have a savings account at all.
  23. The S&P 500 gained 135% from March 2009 through January 2013; it gained the exact same amount from 1996 to 2000.
  24. According to a study by Harvard, 46.1% of Americans die with less than $10,000 in assets.
  25. In 2013 the U.S. economy is 2.9% larger than it was in 2008 while the U.K. economy is 3.3% smaller than it was.
  26. The current U.S. minimum wage is $7.25, which is lower than those of Canada ($9.40), United Kingdom ($10.47), Netherlands ($11.38), Ireland ($11.48), New Zealand ($11.66), Belgium ($11.90), France ($12.64), Luxembourg ($14.75), and Australia ($14.98).
  27. The European Union (EU) and Vietnam have reached a free trade agreement that will remove nearly all tariffs on goods traded between the EU and Vietnam; their annual trade is worth about $30bn. - The EU has a such free trade deal with South Korea and Singapore.
  28. Greece's GDP has shrunk by 25% in six years since 2009; the unemployment rate went from 10% in 2010 to 25% in March, 2015; the young are hit the worst, with one in two under the age of 25 having no job; and over 3% of its population (11 million) has left the country since 2010.
  29. During a global financial crisis in 2008 the U.S. Federal government bailed out $182 billion to American International Group, Inc. – also known as AIG - an American multinational insurance corporation with more than 88 million customers in 130 countries, to prevent the company's collapse. As of today it received a repaid amount of $205 billion, which is a 13 percent return on the funds it provided to AIG.
  30. During a global financial crisis in 2008 in order to prevent Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac from bankruptcy the U.S. government bailed out $187 billion to these giant mortgage companies and placed them into conservatorship of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA). As of today the government received a repaid amount of $225 billion, which is a 20 percent return on the funds it provided to these companies.
  31. Hong Kong’s economic freedom score is 89.6, making its economy the 1st freest in the 2015 Economic Index.
  32. The United States’ economic freedom score is 76.2, making its economy the 12th freest in the 2015 Economic Index.
  33. Prior to 1970, the total amount of debt in the United States, which include government debt, business debt, consumer debt, student debt, etc, was less than $2 trillion; today it is over $56 trillion.
  34. Around 44% of American homeless people are employed.
  35. There is about 7% of all non-farm workers in the United States are self-employed.
  36. During the period of 2008 to 2012 Americans have donated $19.1 million to the U.S. Treasury to help pay down the national debt.
  37. In 2013 the top 10 destinations for U.S. goods exports were Canada, Mexico, China, Japan, Germany, Hong Kong, United Kingdom, South Korea, Brazil and Netherlands.
  38. In 2013 the top 10 countries that imported goods to the U.S. were China, Canada, Mexico, Japan, Germany, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, France, and India.
  39. In the U.S., as of November 2012 more than 16% of the population lived in poverty, including almost 20% of American children, up from 14.3% (approximately 43.6 million) in 2009 and to its highest level since 1993.
  40. In 2011, child poverty reached record high levels, with 16.7 million children living in food insecure households, about 35% more than 2007 levels. A 2013 UNICEF report ranked the U.S. as having the second highest relative child poverty rates in the developed world.
  41. According to the World Bank, U.S. GDP accounted for 32% of all global economic activity in 2001 and dropped to 22% in 2011.
  42. According to the US Census, in 2007 5.8% of all people in married families lived in poverty, as did 26.6% of all persons in single parent households, and 19.1% of all persons living alone; more than 75% of all poor households are headed by women (2012)
  43. More than 300,000 California workers at big companies like Wal-Mart and Costco, qualify for medical, the state's health insurance for the poor.
  44. The U.S. government assistance for families whose incomes flutter just above the poverty line nearly doubled from 1983 to 2004 after taking inflation into account.
  45. In the U.S. people working in fast-food jobs are more likely to live in or near poverty, and more than half (52 percent) of the families of front-line fast-food workers. are enrolled in one or more public programs, compared to 25 percent of the workforce as a whole.
  46. The U.S. federal government runs more than 83 different welfare programs, and about 35% of the population are enrolled in at least one of them.
  47.  
  48. Since the end of the socialist economy 35 years ago, workers in China have been regarded as a source of low-cost and compliant labor for foreign investors; China's minimum wages, are now averaging more than $200 per month.
  49. The minimum wage of Bangladesh is 1,500 taka (or $19 USD) per month.
  50. More babies were born in the U.S. in 1956 than they were born in 2009, 2010, or 2011.
  51. The World Bank is an international organization that helps emerging market countries reduce poverty. It is not a bank in the ordinary sense but a unique partnership to reduce poverty and support development, instead, it consists of two development institutions. One is the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The second is the International Development Association. The Bank's 189 member countries share ownership. The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. It provides low-interest loans, interest-free credit and grants.  It focuses on improving education, health and infrastructure. It also uses funds to modernize a country's financial sector, agriculture and natural resources management. Established in 1944, the World Bank Group is headquartered in Washington, D.C. It has more than 10,000 employees in more than 120 offices worldwide.


Currency - Exchange Rate per U.S. Dollar



Annual Minimum Wages in U.S. Dollar



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2024
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 3.7  3.9  3.8  3.9  ---

 ---

 ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 256  236  315  175  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---  ---

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 34.51  34.56  34.68  34.75  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.3  0.4  0.4  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

 0.7  0.3  0.4  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 0.8  0.7  0.3  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2023
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 3.4  3.6  3.5  3.4  3.7

3.6

 3.5  3.8  3.8  3.9  3.7  3.7

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 472  248  217  217  281  105  236  165  262  105  173  216

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 33.02  33.11  33.20  33.34  33.45  33.60  33.73  33.82 33.91  34.00  34.12 34.27

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.5  0.4  0.1  0.4  0.1  0.2  0.2  0.5  0.4  0.1  0.2  0.2

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

 -0.4  -0.2  -0.8  0.3  -0.4  -0.2  0.0  0.6  0.5  -0.6  -0.5  -0.7

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 0.2  0.4  -0.4  -0.1  -2.1  -0.6  0.3  1.2 0.5  -0.9  -0.7  -0.7

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2022
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 4.0  3.8  3.6  3.6  3.6

3.6

 3.5  3.7  3.5  3.7  3.6  3.5

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 364  904  414  254  364  370  568  252  350  324  290  239

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 31.63  31.63  31.83  31.94  32.06  32.18  32.33  32.43  32.53  32.66  32.80 32.92

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.6  0.7  1.0  0.4  0.9  1.2  0.0  0.2  0.4  0.5  0.2  0.1

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

 2.0  1.8  2.9  0.5  0.5  0.2  -1.4  -1.2  -1.0  -0.3  -0.8  -0.1

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 2.8  3.2  3.9  1.0  2.7  1.1  -3.7  -1.4  -0.9  -0.5  -0.4  -3.2

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2021
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 6.3  6.2  6.0  6.1  5.8  5.9  5.4  5.2  4.8  4.6  4.2  3.9

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 520  710  704  263  447  575  689  517  424  677  647  510

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 29.93  30.04  30.06  30.20  30.36  30.52  30.67  30.76  30.92  31.11  31.23  31.40

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.3  0.4  0.6  0.8  0.6  0.9  0.5  0.3  0.4  0.9  0.8  0.5

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

 1.5  1.2  1.5  0.9  1.3  1.1  0.3  -0.2  0.4  1.5 0.7  -0.2

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 2.7  1.6  2.5  1.2  2.3  1.2  1.1  0.2  0.3  1.9  0.7  -1.6

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2020
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 3.5  3.5  4.4   14.8   13.3  11.1   10.2   8.4   7.9   6.9   6.7   6.7

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 315  289   -1683  -20679   2833  4846   1726   1583   716  680  264   -306

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 28.43   28.52   28.69  30.03  29.70   29.32 29.35   29.45  29.47  29.49  29.58  29.81

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.2   0.1   -0.3   -0.7   -0.1   0.5   0.5   0.4  0.2  0.1   0.2   0.2

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

0.2   -0.7   -2.4   -2.6   0.7   1.3   1.2   0.9  0.2   -0.1   0.1  1.0

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 0.6  -1.2   -1.4  -3.5   0.0  1.8  1.0   0.5  0.6   0.2   0.7  1.3

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2019
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 4.0  3.8   3.8   3.6   3.6  3.7   3.7   3.7   3.5   3.6   3.5   3.5

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 312   56   153   216   62   178   166   219   193   152  256   145

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 27.56   27.66   27.71   27.75   27.82   27.91 27.99   28.11  28.12  28.22  28.29  28.32

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.0   0.2   0.5   0.5   0.0   0.0   0.2   0.1  0.2  0.3   0.2   0.1

Import Price Index (6)

 0.2   1.0   0.6   0.2   0.2   -1.1   0.0   -0.6   0.1   -0.4   0.1

0.3

Export Price Index (6)

 -0.6  0.6   0.7  0.1   -0.3   -0.6  0.2   -0.6   -0.3   0.0   0.2  -0.2

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2018
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 4.1  4.1  4.0  3.9  3.8 4.0  3.9  3.9  3.7  3.8  3.7  3.9

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 171  324  155  175  268  208  165  286  119  274  176  312

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 26.71  26.74  26.80  26.86  26.94  26.99 27.07  27.17  27.25  27.31  27.37  27.48

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.4  0.2  -0.1  0.2  0.2  0.1  0.2  0.2  0.1  0.3  0.0  -0.1

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

 0.8  0.2  -0.2  0.5  0.9  0.0  -0.1  -0.4  0.1  0.5  -1.7  -1.0

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 0.7  0.2  0.4  0.5  0.7  0.2  -0.5  -0.1  0.0  0.5  -0.8  -0.6

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2017
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 4.8  4.7  4.5  4.4  4.3  4.4  4.3  4.4  4.2  4.1  4.1  4.1

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 252  200  73  175  155  239  190  221  14  271  216  160

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 25.98  26.07  26.11  26.17  26.21  26.26  26.34  26.39  26.51  26.47  26.54  26.65

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.4  0.0  -0.2  0.2  -0.1  0.0  0.1  0.4  0.5  0.1  0.3  0.2

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

 0.6  0.3  -0.2  0.2  -0.1  -0.2  -0.2  0.6  0.8  0.2  1.0  0.2

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 0.2  0.3  0.1  0.2  -0.6  -0.1  0.5  0.6  0.8  0.1  0.5  0.1

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.



U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2016
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
 
Feb
 
Mar
 
Apr
 
May
 
Jun
 
Jul
 
Aug
 
Sep
 
Oct
 
Nov
 
Dec
 

Unemployment Rate (1)

 4.9  4.9  5.0  5.0  4.7  4.9  4.9  4.9  5.0  4.9  4.6  4.7

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

 90  237  225  153  43  297  291  176  249  124  164  157

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
 25.37  25.38  25.46  25.54  25.59  25.62  25.71  25.74  25.81  25.90  25.91  25.97

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
 0.0  -0.2  0.1  0.4  0.2  0.2  0.0  0.2  0.3  0.4  0.2  0.3

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

 -1.3  -0.5  0.4  0.7  1.2  0.7  0.1  -0.2  0.1  0.5  -0.1  0.4

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

 -0.9  -0.4  -0.1  0.5  1.1  0.8  0.2  -0.8  0.3  0.2  0.1  0.4

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2015
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

213 265 84 251 273 228 277 150 149 295 2580 271

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
24.74 24.80 24.87 24.91 24.96 24.95 25.03 25.12 25.14 25.21 25.27 25.26

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
-0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.1  -0.1

Producer Price Index (5)

-1.9 0.1 0.2 -0.6 1.7 0.7 -0.1 -0.5 -1.3 -0.3 0.1  

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

-3.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2 1.1 0.1 -0.9 -1.8 -1.1 -0.3 -.06  -1.1

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

-1.7 -0.2 0.0 -0.6 0.5 -0.3 -0.4 -1.4 -0.6 -0.2 -0.7  -1.1

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2014
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

6.6 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

177 188 225 330 236 286 249 213 250 221 423 329

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
24.21 24.33 24.33 24.34 24.40 24.47 24.48 24.55 24.55 24.58 24.68 24.61

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Producer Price Index (5)

0.6 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.8 -1.1

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

0.4 1.1 0.5 -0.6 0.3 0.3 -0.3 -0.8 -0.8 -1.4 -1.8 -2.5

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

0.3 0.8 0.9 -1.0 0.1 -0.5 0.1 -0.5 -0.4 -0.9 -0.9 -0.9

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2013
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

8.0 7.7 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.7

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

195 314 115 187 219 127 164 256 150 225 317 109

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
23.76 23.78 23.81 23.87 23.89 23.98 23.98 24.03 24.07 24.10 24.17 24.20

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
0.1 0.6 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3

Producer Price Index (5)

0.4 0.6 -0.5 -0.7 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.2 0.6

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

0.5 0.9 -0.1 -0.7 -0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.6 -0.9 0.1

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

0.4 0.7 -0.5 -0.6 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.4 -0.6 0.2 0.4

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2012
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

8.3 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

355 247 216 87 113 35 177 188 144 213 164 293

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
23.24 23.28 23.36 23.39 23.40 23.46 23.52 23.49 23.58 23.57 23.64 23.73

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.3 -0.2 0.0

Producer Price Index (5)

0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.4 -0.3 0.2 1.2 1.0 0.2 -0.7 -0.1

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

0.0 0.0 1.4 -0.1 -1.5 -2.3 -0.7 1.2 1.0 0.3 -0.7 -0.6

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

0.3 0.5 0.8 0.4 -0.5 -1.7 0.4 0.9 0.8 0.1 -0.6 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


U.S. Employment & Economy Index - 2011
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Category All
Yrs
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Unemployment Rate (1)

9.2 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.0 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.5

Change in Payroll Employment (1000's) (2)

20 167 206 321 103 185 117 128 223 183 146 226

Average Hourly Earnings (3)

Jump to page with historical data
22.85 22.87 22.87 22.92 22.99 23.01 23.11 23.06 23.11 23.21 23.19 23.23

Consumer Price Index (4)

Jump to page with historical data
0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.0

Producer Price Index (5)

0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.5 -0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.8 -0.2 0.2 -0.1

U.S. Import Price Index (6)

1.5 1.7 3.0 2.6 0.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 0.0

U.S. Export Price Index (6)

1.3 1.3 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.1 -0.4 0.4 0.5 -2.0 0.1 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) In percent. Annual averages are available for
Not Seasonally Adjusted data.
(2) Number of jobs, in thousands, seasonally adjusted.
(3) Average Hourly Earnings for all employees on private non-farm payrolls.
(4) All items, U.S. city average, all urban consumers, 1982-84=100, 1-month percent change.
(5) Finished goods, 1982=100, 1-month percent change, seasonally adjusted.
(6) All imports, 1-month percent change, not seasonally adjusted.


Financial Economy Outlook & Crisis
▷ Economy Discussion Forum
Discussion Forum .

▷ Financial Economy Outlook & Crisis
  1. The Importance of the Financial System for the Real Economy
  2. The Relationship Between Banking Concentration and Economic Growth
  3. The Relationship Between Gold Prices and Exchange Value of US Dollar in India.
  4. The Relationships Between Gold Price, Euro and U.S. Dollars.
  5. Relationship Between the Dollar, Interest Rates, and the Price of Gold.
  6. The Role of Financial institutions and the Economic Growth: A Literature Review
  7. The Role of Central Banks in Macroeconomic and Financial Stability
  8. The Role of Monetary Policy
  9. The Role of Digital Economy and ICT in Developing Economics of Uzbekistan
  10. The Role of Finance in the Economy: Implications for Structural Reform of the Financial Sector
  11. The Role of Education in the Production of Health: An Empirical Analysis of Smoking Behavior.
  12. Role of Financial System in Economic Development of a Country
  13. The Budget and Economic Outlook: 2022 - 2032
  14. Bridging the Gender Pay Gap: Empowering Women for Economic Equality
  15. Benchmarking Gender Gaps in 2022
  16. Gender and Income Inequality (Infographic)
  17. Gender Roles and the Gender Expectations Gap
  18. Gender Roles Produce Divergent Economic Expectations
  19. Gender Inequality and Economic Growth: Evidence from Industry-Level Data
  20. Gender Inequality as a Barrier to Economic Growth: A Review of the Theoretical Literature
  21. Gender Equality: Glossary of Terms and Concepts
  22. Gender Equality and Economic Development
  23. Gender Differences in Inflation Expectations: Recent Evidence from India
  24. Views of Gender in the U.S.
  25. Confronting the Crisis - Economic Outlook
  26. The Latest Global Economic Outlook & Conditions
  27. US Inflation Forecast: 2022, 2023 and Long Term to 2030 - Data and Charts
  28. US Economic Forecast Q1 2023
  29. Investors Predict US Recession in 2023 - The Facts
  30. The Impacts of the Coronavirus on the Economy of the United States
  31. The Impact of the Financial System on Economic Growth in the Context of the Global Crisis: Empirical Evidence for the EU and OECD Countries
  32. The Impact of Government Debt on Economic Growth in Nigeria
  33. The Impact of Public Debt on Economic Growth
  34. Minimizing Debt Ceiling Crises: Principles and Practical Advice
  35. The Potential Macroeconomic Effect of Debt Ceiling Brinkmanship
  36. World Economic Situation and Prospects
  37. Understanding the National Debt and the Debt Ceiling
  38. U.S. Debt Ceiling: Costs and Consequences
  39. Positive and Negative Effects of Debt
  40. Debt and Economic Growth
  41. Debt Ceiling vs Government Shutdown
  42. Debt Revenue and the Sustainability of Public Debt
  43. Debt Overhang and the Retail Apocalypse
  44. Debt and Deficits: Spending, Revenue, and Economic Growth
  45. Debt and Macroeconomic Stability: Case Studies
  46. Debt Problems and the World Macroeconomy
  47. The Debt Ceiling: An Explainer
  48. The Debt Ceiling: Economics and Politics
  49. The Real Effects of Debt
  50. The U.S. Debt Ceiling Crisis That Ended With a Whimper.
  51. The Aftermath of Debt Surges
  52. Dealing With Debt
  53. Public Debt Management
  54. Bubbles, Crashes, and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence
  55. Performing Knowledge Economies
  56. Performing Economies
  57. Strategy in Emerging Economies
  58. Foreign Capital in a Growth Model
  59. Is Fixed Investment the Key to Economic Growth?
  60. The Nexus of Financial Development and Economic Growth Across Developing Economies
  61. Recession: Meaning in Economics With Causes
  62. Financial Failure and Depositor Quality ...
  63. The Financial Economics of Gold.
  64. Cash-Hedged Stock Returns
  65. Report on the Economic Well-Being of U.S. Households
  66. State-by-State Bankruptcy Statistics
  67. Coronavirus: A Visual Guide to the Economic Impact
  68. Discount Rates
  69. Recession in the Present Economy and Its Impact on Business Sector
  70. The Economics of Hosting the Olympic Games
  71. The Economic Impact of Counterfeiting
  72. Summary of Economic Projections
  73. Estimating Risk Free Rates
  74. Search Frictions, Labor Supply, and the Asymmetric Business Cycle
  75. Banking Sector Depth and Economic Growth Nexus: A Comparative Study between the Natural Resource-based and the Rest of the World’s Economies
  76. Analysis of the Main Theories of Interest Rates
  77. Money, Interest Rates, and Exchange Rates
  78. Monetary Policy and Economic Policy
  79. Money, Output, and Prices in the Long Run
  80. The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money
  81. Estate vs. Capital Gains Taxation: An Evaluation of Prospective Policies for Taxing Wealth at the Time of Death
  82. Firm Cyclicality and Financial Frictions
  83. Introduction to Keynesian Theory and Keynesian Economic Policies in Europe
  84. Keynes' Theory of the Interest Rate: A Critical Approach
  85. The Federal Reserve System Purposes & Functions
  86. Diversity and Labor Market Outcomes in the Economics Profession
  87. The Radius of Economic Opportunity: Evidence from Migration and Local Labor Markets
  88. An Update to the Economic Outlook: 2020 to 2030
  89. Chief Economists Outlook
  90. World Economic Outlook Update, June 2020: A Crisis Like No Other, An Uncertain Recovery
  91. Climate Change and Adaptation in Global Supply-Chain Network
  92. Current Challenges to Developing Country Debt Sustainability
  93. Delivering Digital Infrastructure Advancing the Internet Economy
  94. Foundations Digital Economy
  95. E-Commerce and Digital Economy Program - Year in Review
  96. Defining and Measuring the Digital Economy
  97. A Roadmap Toward a Common Framework for Measuring the Digital Economy
  98. Capturing the Digital Economy: A Proposed Measurement Framework and Its Applications
  99. Defining, Conceptualising and Measuring the Digital Economy: Development Informatics Working Paper
  100. The Digital Economy, Global Value Chains (GVCs) and Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs)
  101. Digital Economy Policy in Developing Countries
  102. Digital Economy
  103. Digital Economy Report | UNCTAD
  104. Digital Economy Report
  105. Digital Economy as a Factor in the Technological Development of the Mineral Sector
  106. Digital Economy Outlook | OECD
  107. Digital Economy Report (2019)
  108. The Digitalization as a Global Trend and Growth Factor of the Modern Economy
  109. Digital Economy Policy in Developing Countries
  110. Digital Economy and the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  111. Digital Globalization: The New Era of Global Flows
  112. The Oxford Handbook of the Digital Economy
  113. Benefiting from the Digital Economy: Cambodia Policy Note
  114. Nigeria - Digital Economy Diagnostic Report
  115. Cryptoeconomics
  116. Tax and Digitalisation
  117. Analysis and Outlook of the Greek Financial Crisis
  118. An Analytical View of Crude Oil Prices and Its Impact on Indian Economy
  119. Economic Impact Analysis on National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants
  120. Digital Economy: Impacts, Influences and Challenges
  121. The COVID-19 Economic Crisis: Dangerously Unique
  122. An Overview of the Economic Outlook: 2021 to 2031
  123. An Economic Approach to Price Fixing
  124. The Economics of Subsidies
  125. The Economic Importance of Financial Literacy: Theory and Evidence
  126. The Economic Impact of Pandemic Influenza in the U.S.
  127. The Economic Costs of Debt-Ceiling Brinkmanship
  128. The Economics of Cryptocurrencies - Bitcoin and Beyond.
  129. U.S. Economy: Recovery in Uncertain Times.
  130. U.S. Economy Headed for Recession by Mid-2023 ...
  131. U.S. Economic Outlook and Monetary Policy
  132. U.S. Economic Outlook for 2020 and Beyond
  133. Economic Development and the World Bank
  134. Economic Report of the U.S. President
  135. Economic Outlook Executive Summary
  136. Economic and Market Outlook
  137. Economic Inequality by Gender
  138. Economic Well-Being of U.S. Households in 2021.
  139. Economic Crisis in Europe: European Commission - Europa ...
  140. Economic Crisis, Health Systems and Health in Europe
  141. Economic and Budgetary Outlook for the European Union
  142. Economic Damages to the U.S. Beef Cattle Industry Due to COVID-19
  143. Economic Effects of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic
  144. Economic Growth: The Impact on Poverty Reduction, Inequality, Human Development and Jobs
  145. Economic Growth After Debt Surges
  146. Economic Recession and the Way-Out: Nigeria as Case
  147. Economic Indicators.
  148. Economic Calendar.
  149. Economic News Releases.
  150. Global Waves of Debt: Causes and Consequences
  151. Global Debt: Challenges and Opportunities
  152. Global Gender Gap Report 2023
  153. Global Outlook | World Bank
  154. Global Economic Outlook
  155. Global Economic Outlook: Crisis Update
  156. Global Economic Outlook | Morgan Stanley
  157. Global Economic Outlook During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Changed World | World Bank
  158. Global Economic Prospects
  159. Global Economic Effects of COVID-19 (CSR - May 2020) Report.
  160. Global Economy Watch
  161. Global Economic Forecasts Drop as Russia’s War in Ukraine Takes Toll
  162. The Global Economy Has Entered Unexplored, Dangerous Territory.
  163. The Global Economy Is in Serious Danger.
  164. The World Economy in 2020 — The IMF Gets It Mostly Right
  165. World Economic Situation and Prospects
  166. World Economic Outlook in 2019
  167. World Economic Outlook: A Long and Difficult Ascent
  168. World Economic Outlook
  169. Annual Economic Outlook
  170. Inflation Expectations Are Up, Should Investors Worry?
  171. Market Perspective: Disconnection
  172. The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report
  173. Financial Crisis 2.0?
  174. Financial Services Technology 2020 and Beyond: Embracing Disruption
  175. The European Financial Crisis | Harvard
  176. Solving the Financial and Sovereign Debt Crisis in Europe
  177. Timeline of Cyber Incidents Involving Financial Institutions
  178. World Bank Probes Possible China Data Manipulation in Report
  179. World Bank Pauses Its 'Doing Business' Report as It Probes ...
  180. Are Chinese Statistics manipulated? | World Bank.
  181. U.S.-China Economic and Security Review.
  182. Unraveling China's Capital Market Growth: A Political Economy Account.
  183. Assessing the Impact: A Cross Industry View on the Impact of COVID-19 in China
  184. Indonesia Economic Outlook
  185. Analyzing the Bitcoin Ponzi Scheme Ecosystem
  186. The Direct Economic Impact of Gold
  187. The Price of Gold and the Exchange Rates.
  188. The Gold Standard: Historical Facts and Future Prospects.
  189. The Gold-Dollar System.
  190. Gold and Silver Investment.
  191. Gold and Currencies.
  192. Oil, Gold, US Dollar and Stock Market Interdependencies.
  193. Questioning the U.S. Dollar’s Status as a Reserve Currency.
  194. The Great Lockdown: Worst Economic Downturn Since the Great Depression | IMF
  195. World Economy Outlook: The Great Lookdown (IMF Report).
  196. Does the IMF Influence Fiscal and Monetary Policy?
  197. The IMF and Economy Development
  198. European Economic Forecast Report
  199. Coronavirus: The World Economy at Risk
  200. Country Rankings: World & Global Economy Rankings
  201. The New Economy: Beyond the Hype
  202. The World's Largest Economies (2018-2022)
  203. The World's Biggest Economies in 2018
  204. The U.S. Debt by President: Why the Winner Is...Barack Obama?
  205. The U.S. Deficit by President: What Budget Deficits Hide.
  206. Is the U.S. Retirement System: Contributing to Rising Wealth Inequality
  207. Changes in the Distribution of After-Tax Wealth: Has Income Tax Policy Increased Wealth Inequality?
  208. More and More Economic Datapoints Have Completely Erased the Financial Crisis
  209. China Financial Crisis: Dubai, World's Most Globalized City, Could Suffer Amid Chinese Economic Woes
  210. Vietnam - The Other Asian Tiger.
  211. Asia’s Next Tiger: Good Afternoon, Vietnam
  212. Fed Slashes Rate Hike Forecast on Darker Economic View.
  213. Only America Can Lead on the Changes the Global Economy Needs.
  214. Red Flag: U.S. Economy May Have Hit The Pause Button.
  215. The Panama Papers: A Torrential Leak.
  216. Many Successes in Just a Few Years: The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Turns 5.
  217. The 2015 Index of Economic Freedom.
  218. Lessons from OECD Forecasts During and After the Financial Crisis
  219. Capitalism for Everyone.
  220. We Bailed You Out, and Now You Want What!?!.
  221. American Time Use.
  222. Putin's Reaction to Sanctions Is Destroying The Economy and China Won't Help.
  223. Russia Seeks Sanctions Tit for Tat.
  224. Have You Joined the Sharing Economy?
  225. Do Not Gut Financial Reform in the Name of Helping Small Banks
  226. China's Currency Plunges, Signaling Tumbling Economy.
  227. United States Support for Economic Growth and Development in Central America
  228. Over 48 Million Americans Live in Poverty.
  229. A Different Way of Measuring Poverty
  230. The Greek Financial Crisis and the Outlook of the Greek Economy
  231. Measuring Income and Wealtha at the Top Using Administrative and Survey Data
  232. Income and Poverty in the United States in 2013
  233. The Supplemental Poverty Measure in 2013
  234. An Understanding of Debt Limit.
  235. Better Product at Same Cost, Lower Sales and Lower Welfare.
  236. State Regulation of Alcohol Distribution: The Effects of Post & Hold Laws on Consumption and Social Harms.
  237. Slow Market Adjustment to Tax Changes: Evidence from the Market for Used Wide-body Commercial Aircraft.
  238. The Impact of Vertical Contracting on Firm Behavior: Evidence from Gasoline Stations.
  239. Branding, Cannibalization, and Spatial Preemption: An Application to the Hotel Industry.
  240. Asymmetric Pass-Through in U.S. Gasoline Prices.
  241. The Missing Motivation in Macroeconomics
  242. Job Insecurity Isn’t Always Efficient.
  243. Consumer Perceptions of Heart-Health Claims for Cooking Oils and Vegetable Oil Spreads.
  244. The Effect of Hospital Mergers on Inpatient Prices: A Case Study of the New Hanover-Cape Fear Transaction.
  245. Dynamics in a Mature Industry: Entry, Exit, and Growth of Big-Box Grocery Retailers.
  246. The Success of Divestitures in Merger Enforcement: Evidence from the J&J-Pfizer Transaction.
  247. The Price Effects of Hospital Mergers: A Case Study of the Sutter-Summit Transaction.
  248. Competition, Contracts, and Innovation.
  249. The Welfare Effects of Use-or-Lose Provisions in Markets with Dominant Firms.
  250. Petroleum Mergers and Competition in the Northeast United States.
  251. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets
  252. Naked Exclusion by a Dominant Supplier: Exclusive Contracting and Loyalty Discounts.
  253. Edgeworth Price Cycles in Gasoline: Evidence from the U.S.
  254. Entry Threats and Pricing in the Generic Drug Industry.
  255. Local Market Structure and Strategic Organizational Form Choices.
  256. A Retrospective Analysis of the Clinical Quality Effects of the Acquisition of Highland Park Hospital by Evanston Northwestern Healthcare.
  257. Regulation and Innovation: Evidence and Policy Implications.
  258. International Trade and Investment - The Economic Rationale for Government Support.
  259. Supporting Analysis for the Higher Education.
  260. Innovation and Research Strategy for Growth.
  261. The Economics of Structured Finance.
  262. Occupational Employment Projections to 2020.
  263. Industry Employment and Output Projections to 2020.
  264. Labor Force Projections to 2020: A More Slowly Growing Workforce.
  265. The Outlook for Zimbabwe Economy
  266. Tracking the Global Financial Crisis: An Analysis of the IMF’s World Economic Outlook
  267. Lessons from OECD Forecasts During and After the Financial Crisis (2014)
  268. Assessment of Long Term Performance of Credit Rating...
  269. Are Economists Different, and If So, Why?
  270. The Accidental Theorist.
  271. Earth in the Balance Sheet.
  272. Does Studying Economics Inhibit Cooperation?
  273. Behavioral Economics: Past, Present and Future.
  274. The Economics of Fairness, Reciprocity and Altruism...
  275. Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress.
  276. Tracking the Global Financial Crisis: An Analysis of the IMF’s World Economic Outlook
  277. World Economic Outlook
  278. Reclaiming the Hidden Assets – Towards Global Freeware Index.
  279. Unraveling in Guessing Games: An Experimental Study.
  280. Theory, Experiments and Economics.
  281. Wealth Beyond GDP - Composing a National Commons Product.
  282. Choice Under Uncertainty: Problems Solved & Unsolved.
  283. The Fiscal Stimulus, Flawed but Valuable.
  284. Global Financial Crisis of 2007–2010.
  285. The Evolution of the Baby Food Industry 2000-2008.
  286. Dollar Tumbles as Huge Credit Crunch Looms.
  287. A Case for the World's First Coin: The Lydian Lion.
  288. Global Financial Meltdown and the Demise of Neoliberalism.
  289. "Liquidation" Cycles: Old Fashioned Real Business Cycle Theory and the Great Depression.
  290. Biophysical Economics.
  291. Gross Domestic Product.
  292. List of Countries by GDP (PPP) per Capita.
  293. Countries Facts, Statistics, Population - The World Factbook.
  294. The Myths About The Economic Crisis.
  295. The Theory of Reflexivity by George Soros.
  296. Capital Flight by Darryl McLeod.
  297. The Understanding of Financial Markets.
  298. Tackling the Financial and Economic Crisis.
  299. The International Gold Standard and U.S. Monetary Policy from the War World I to the New Deal.
  300. World Markets Drop Over Worries About Debt, Jobs.
  301. Economic Snapshot: July 2015.
  302. The State of the U.S. Labor Market: Pre-May 2015 Jobs Release.
  303. Real Earnings – January 2015.
  304. The Economic Outlook & the Global Financial Crisis (2009).
  305. The Financial Crisis and the Economic Outlook (2009).
  306. Economics School Rankings.
  307. Causes of the 1980s Slump in Europe.
  308. World Economic Outlook (WEO) Database.
  309. Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries.
  310. World Population.
  311. Understanding of Financial Crisis.
  312. The Future of China's Yuan.
  313. Global Risks Report.
  314. A Rolling Tide: Changes in the Distribution of Wealth in the U.S., 1989-2001.
  315. Ponds and Streams: Wealth and Income in the U.S., 1989 to 2007.
  316. Work at Home.
  317. Economic Effects of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic.
  318. The Macroeconomic Costs of a Global Influenza Pandemic.
  319. Some Skeptical Observations on Real Business Cycle Theory.
  320. The Macroeconomics of the Great Depression: A Comparative Approach.
  321. Nonmonetary Effects of the Financial Crisis in the Propagation of the Great Depression.
  322. Did Negative Technology Shocks Drive the Great Depression? - An Empirical Analyses of Interwar U.S. Manufacturing.
  323. Underconsumption Theories and Keynesian Economics - Interpretations of the Great Depression.
  324. The Rise and Fall of the Gold Standard in the United States.
  325. Mathematics in Finance and Economics.
  326. The Use of Mathematics in Economics.
  327. Measuring the Economic Benefits of Mathematical Science Research in the UK
  328. The Use of Mathematics in Economics and Its Effect on ...
  329. The Use and Abuse of Mathematical Economics.
  330. Limits to the Uses of Mathematics in Economics.
  331. Mathematics in Economics.
  332. Introduction to Economics
  333. Developing Country
  334. 5 of the World’s Most Devastating Financial Crises
  335. 5 Nobel Prize-Winning Economic Theories You Should Know About.
  336. 5 Signs of a U.S. Economic Collapse in 2019
  337. 7 Questions about Greece’s Huge Crisis.
  338. 7 Key Things to Know About Greece’s Debt Crisis and What Happens Next.
  339. 10 Best-Performing Economies in the World - Global Economy
  340. 10 Best Economies in the World
  341. 10 Top Crises the World Should Be Watching in 2021
  342. 12 Things That Will Get More Expensive in 2013.
  343. 15 Economic Facts About Millennial.
  344. 20 Worst Economies in the World
  345. 25 Top Economies in the World.
  346. 25 Best Countries in the World, Best Countries, from Quality of Life to Economic Potential
  347. 32 Most Powerful Economies in the World by 2050
  348. 50 Top Economies of the world by Gross Domestic Product

News, Info, Facts, Outlook & Analysis
  1. America's Top Trading Partners
  2. America's Number 1 Trading Partner Isn’t China Anymore as Relationship Worsens
  3. Ranked: Visualizing the Largest Trading Partners of the U.S.
  4. Mapped: The State of Economic Freedom in 2023
  5. Mapped: The Growth in House Prices by Country
  6. The Roots of Economic Inequality
  7. Ranked: Number of Agricultural Workers by Country
  8. Economic Inequality, an Introduction
  9. Economic and Social Inequality
  10. Economic Predictions
  11. Economic Index
  12. Economic Indicators: Overview.
  13. Economic Crisis
  14. Economic Crisis: Challenge for Economic Theory and Policy
  15. Economics vs. the Economy
  16. Economics and Business
  17. Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and ...
  18. Economic Outlook for the Europe and Central Asia Region
  19. Economists: Go After Currency Manipulators in Trade Deal
  20. Economic Forecast 2018-2019: Demand Is Strong But Supply Is Weak
  21. Economy of the United States
  22. Economy of Britain
  23. Economy of France
  24. Economy of Germany
  25. Economy of Sweden.
  26. Economy of Russia
  27. Economy of Spain
  28. Economy of China
  29. Economy of Japan
  30. Economy of Vietnam
  31. Economy of Cambodia
  32. Economy of Malaysia
  33. Economy of India
  34. Economy of Mexico
  35. Economy of Brazil
  36. Economy of Argentina
  37. Economic and Political Outlook for Latin America
  38. Economic and Political Outlook for the Americas
  39. Economic Outlook: Deflationary Bust Led By China
  40. Economic Growth to Decelerate in 2019 and then Ease Further
  41. Economic Growth in East Asia | Brookings Institution
  42. Economic Development and Performance
  43. Economic Development: A Definition and Model for Investment
  44. Economics in the Time of COVID-19
  45. The Economic Significance of Natural Resources
  46. The Economic Condition of Renters in California and Beyond
  47. The Economics of Recession and Recovery
  48. The Economics of Healthcare
  49. The Economics of Health and Health Care
  50. The Economic Consequences of Hospital Admissions
  51. The Economic Consequences of the 2018 US–China Trade Conflict: A CGE Simulation Analysis
  52. The Economy Under Trump in Six Charts ...
  53. Wealth Inequality and the Racial Wealth Gap
  54. The Rise of Income and Wealth Inequality in America: Evidence from Distributional Macroeconomic Accounts
  55. Trends in U.S. Income and Wealth Inequality
  56. Views of U.S. Economic Inequality
  57. The U.S. Inequality Debate
  58. Inequality Discussion | Harvard
  59. Inequality Is Good for Society. Do You Agree?
  60. Inequality and Economic Growth
  61. Income Inequality
  62. Income Inequality Visualizations
  63. Income Inequality as a Barrier to Economic Growth in the US
  64. Essay on Economic Inequality
  65. Crisis Economics
  66. The Crisis in Economic Theory
  67. The Current Economic Crisis: Causes, Cures and Consequences
  68. The Current Economic Crisis, Its Causes, Its Impact and Possible Alternatives
  69. The Financial and Economic Crisis of 2008-2009
  70. and Developing Countries
  71. Recession - Definition, Indicators, Causes and Effects
  72. Inflation
  73. Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 - Summary
  74. Inflation Act of 2022: Revenue and Climate Provisions
  75. Inflation and Growth Ethiopia
  76. Inflation Measured Every Day Keeps Adverse Responses Away ...
  77. The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 - A First Look at New Tax Provisions
  78. The Inflation Reduction Act Drives Significant Emissions Reductions ...
  79. OMB Analysis: The Social Benefits of the Inflation Reduction Act’s Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions
  80. Tax Provisions in the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (H.R. 5376)
  81. The Future of Inflation Part I: Will Inflation Remain High? | IMF
  82. Construction Inflation 2022 – Table and Plots
  83. Causes and Consequences of Inflation
  84. Restaurant Consumer Trends Impacted by Inflation
  85. Changes in Inflation by City in the U.S.
  86. Current US Inflation Rates: 2000-2023
  87. The Burst of High Inflation in 2021–22: How and Why Did We Get Here?
  88. Prices, the CPI, and Inflation
  89. Essential Facts About Inflation
  90. Measuring Race in US Economic Statistics: What Do We Know?
  91. Equilibrium in a Macroeconomic Model
  92. Macroeconomics: an Introduction
  93. Macroeconomics: Money Demand, Money Supply and Quantity Theory of Money
  94. Money Supply, Interest Rate, Exchange Rate and Oil Price Influence on Inflation in South Africa
  95. World Economic Outlook
  96. World Economic Outlook | IMF
  97. World Economic Outlook: Cyclical Upswing, Structural Change
  98. World Economic Outlook 2021 | IMF
  99. World Economic Outlook 2019 | IMF
  100. World Economic Outlook - October 2019 | IMF
  101. World Economic Outlook Update
  102. World Economic Outlook, January 2020
  103. World Economic Situation and Prospects as of mid-2020
  104. World Economic Situation and Prospects 2020
  105. World Economic Situation and Prospects | UN
  106. World Economic Situation & Prospects 2018 | UN
  107. Global Economic Prospects | World Bank
  108. Global Economy: Recovery, Growth and Challenges
  109. Global Economic Outlook: Crisis Update
  110. Global Economic Outlook 2020 | Davos (video)
  111. Global Financial Stability Report | IMF
  112. Fiscal Monitor | IMF
  113. Regional Economic Outlook | IMF
  114. An Overview of the Economic Outlook: 2021 to 2031
  115. An Update to the Budget Outlook: 2020 to 2030
  116. Vanguard Economic and Market Outlook for 2021: Approaching the Dawn
  117. Revival Beyond the Precipice
  118. Monthly Economic Monitor
  119. USDA Agricultural Projections to 2030
  120. Redefining Europe's Economic Sovereignty
  121. Europe After the Crisis | Princeton University
  122. The Role and Importance of Studying Economics
  123. The Nature and Importance of Economic Competence
  124. The Nature and Significance of Economic Science
  125. The Importance of Institutions to Economic Development
  126. Trump's Economy Really Was Better than Obama's | Bloomberg
  127. The Trump Economy versus the Obama Economy in 16 Charts ...
  128. Did Trump Create or Inherit the Strong Economy?
  129. The New Economic Cycle: Investing for a Post-COVID-19 World
  130. Global Economic Effects of COVID-19
  131. Securing Economic Recovery Beyond COVID‐19
  132. Global Economic Effects of COVID-19
  133. COVID and Beyond
  134. COVID Economy in the United States
  135. The COVID-19 Economic Crisis: Dangerously Unique
  136. Coronavirus: The Economic Impact
  137. The Price of the Coronavirus Pandemic
  138. Bulls, Bears, and Beyond
  139. Humans Behind Machines | Davos 2020 (video)
  140. World Economic Forum: Strategic Outlook: Africa - Davos 2020 (video)
  141. The GCC in 2020 Outlook for the Gulf and the Global Economy
  142. The Biggest Risks to the Global Economy
  143. The World's Most Valuable Brands
  144. The World in 2021 | The Economist
  145. The World's Biggest Economies
  146. The World's Largest Economies | CNN Money
  147. The World's Largest Economies (2019-2023)
  148. Largest Economies in the World
  149. The Fastest Growers and Biggest Shrinkers
  150. Ranking of Biggest Economies by PPP in 2050 | PwC
  151. Basic Economic Concepts (Lecture)
  152. Basic Economic Concepts
  153. Basics, Economics Concepts Explained, Finance and ...
  154. Understanding Economic Statistics
  155. An Overview of the Wall Street Crash.
  156. An Overview of Economics
  157. Introduction to Economics
  158. The Principles of Economics Textbook
  159. Winners of the Nobel Prize for Economics | Britannica
  160. Consumer Confidence: A Killer Statistic.
  161. Conference Board: Introduction.
  162. Understanding of Economy.
  163. Capitalism 3.0.
  164. The Slave Economy
  165. Industry 4.0 and Manufacturing Ecosystems | Deloitte
  166. Emerging Countries and the Effects of the Trade War
  167. Some Economic Fundamentals for an Analysis of Bankruptcy
  168. Bankruptcy Law, Economics of Corporate and Personal
  169. The Case of Medical Bankruptcies
  170. An Economist's Perspective on Student Loans in the United States
  171. Medical Bankruptcy
  172. Sustainability - Challenges and Solutions
  173. Impact of Inflation on Economic Growth: A Survey of Literature Review
  174. Impact of Inflation on Economic Growth: A Case Study of Tanzania
  175. Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic on the World Economy
  176. Impact of Unemployment on Economic Development
  177. Impact of Inflation on Economic Growth: A Survey of Literature Review
  178. The Impact of the 2018 Trade War on US Prices and Welfare
  179. The Impact of China Devaluing the Yuan
  180. The Impact of the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks on the US Economy
  181. Changing the Culture of Economics: The 2019 Nobel Laureates
  182. The Facts of Economic Growth
  183. List of Economic Crisis
  184. List of Countries by Unemployment Rate
  185. List of Countries by GDP (Nominal)
  186. Lists of Countries by GDP.
  187. The Importance of Inflation and GDP.
  188. GDP | World Bank
  189. GDP Ranked by Country
  190. Currency Manipulation, the U.S. Economy, and the Global Economic Order
  191. Currency Wars the Great Destabilizer.
  192. Currency Manipulation and Its Impact on Free Trade
  193. Currency Manipulation and its Distortion of Free Trade
  194. Factbox: Vietnam's Power Development Plan for Cleaner Fuels
  195. Trade War: Can Vietnam Replace China as a Global ...
  196. The Story Behind Viet Nam's Miracle Growth
  197. Vietnam: Economic and Political Overview
  198. Vietnam Economy: Population, GDP, Inflation, Business ...
  199. Vietnam EV Maker VinFast Secures $2.5 Billion in Fresh Funding Pledges
  200. Vietnam's Masan to Delay The CrownX IPO, Issue up to $500 mln International Bonds
  201. Vietnam Boosts Rare Earths Output by Tenfold
  202. Vietnam Economy Remains Outperformer as Growth Tops 7% Mark
  203. Vietnam Can't Be the Next China
  204. Vietnam: Asia's Quiet Economic Achiever
  205. Vietnam's First-Ever Car Brand in the Making
  206. WEF in Vietnam: The Tiger Leaps
  207. Investing in Vietnam: Redrawing the Horizon 2021 and Beyond
  208. Understanding China-US Trade War: Causes, Economic
  209. Preventing Currency Manipulation
  210. Understanding China's Currency Manipulation
  211. Alibaba Leads $400 mln Funding in Masan's Retail Firm, First Vietnam Investment
  212. The U.S. Labeled China a Currency Manipulator
  213. Chinese Currency Manipulation
  214. Is China Manipulating Its Currency?
  215. Is China a Currency Manipulator?
  216. Is China's Manipulation of Its Currency an Actionable Violation?
  217. China's Opportunities and Challenges in 2021 and Beyond
  218. China Eclipses U.S. as Biggest Trading Nation.
  219. China Brief: The State of the Economy
  220. China's Pressure Costs Vietnam $1 Billion in the South China Sea
  221. China's Currency Policy
  222. China's Currency: An Analysis of the Economic Issues
  223. China Economic Review
  224. China Economic Growth: Cause, Pros, Cons, Future
  225. China's Economic Dragon Still Roars.
  226. China's Economic and Political Outlook Under Xi Jinping
  227. Markets Shrug Off China Stimulus.
  228. Manifesto of the Communist Party.
  229. Understanding of China's Economy
  230. Problems Loom for the Chinese Economy
  231. Eliminating Currency Manipulation through the TPP Could Create Jobs in Every Congressional District
  232. Fed Cuts Interest Rates for 1st Time Since 2008
  233. Interest Rates Just Keep Falling. Economic Orthodoxy Is Falling With Them.
  234. AAPC USTR Submission on Japan Joining the TPP
  235. How Interest Rates Affect the U.S. Markets
  236. The Cost of Unemployment to the Economy
  237. The Effect of Unemployment on Economic Growth
  238. The Effect of Health Care Cost Growth on the U.S. Economy
  239. Bad Effects of Unemployment on Economic Growth
  240. U.S. Economic Outlook
  241. U.S. Economy Grew Modestly to Start
  242. U.S. Economic Forecast - 2019 & 2020 Predictions
  243. U.S. Economic Outlook for 2018 and Beyond
  244. U.S. Economic Growth Revised Down to 2.2% Rate (2018)
  245. U.S. Economy Seen Strong in 2018, to Slow in 2019 | CBO
  246. U.S. Economy: Facts, Definitions, Influences
  247. U.S. Economic Outlook for 2021 and Beyond
  248. U.S. Economy News | NPR
  249. U.S. Inflation Rate
  250. U.S. Trade Agreements and Currency Manipulation
  251. U.S. Consumer Price Index - September 2022
  252. U.S. Trade-Case Win Against China Contributes to Tensions.
  253. U.S. vs. China: Battle to Be the Largest Economy in the World
  254. U.S.-China Trade War and Its Global Impacts
  255. The U.S. Economy in the 1920s.
  256. ASEAN 50 Years On: Success or Failure?
  257. Global Financial Stability Report
  258. World Bank: Global Economy Is Healthy But Growth Will Slow
  259. The Transatlantic Economy
  260. Japan’s Economy Shrinks After Two-year Run of Growth
  261. Estimating the Genotypic Intelligence of Populations and Assessing the Impact of Socioeconomic Factors and Migrations.
  262. The Global Economy Looks Good for 2018 (Unless Somebody Does Something Dumb)
  263. Global Economic Outlook: Global Economics Analyst as Good as It Gets
  264. Status of the Social Security and Medicare Programs - The 2016 Summary Report and the Full Report
  265. Historical Background and Development of Social Security.
  266. Brexit Consequences: For UK, EU, and U.S. How Brexit Will Affect You.
  267. Aid to Needy Often Excludes the Poorest in America.
  268. Once More, Economy Exhibits Weakness.
  269. The Minimum Wage - What You Didn't Miss.
  270. Country Tax Rates
  271. A Cold Start for the U.S. Economy
  272. Americans on the Economy: We’re Worse off Now than Last Year
  273. The Invention of 'The Economy'.
  274. From Rich to Richer – The Rise of the Top 1%'.
  275. Consumer Sentiment in U.S. Increases on Outlook for Economy.
  276. U.S. Economy Weather Impact Narrative Getting Confusing.
  277. Occupy Was Right: Capitalism Has Failed the World.
  278. The Poor Might’ve Been Hardest Hit by the Housing Crisis, But the Rich Complain Most
  279. All Currencies Are an Inverse Pyramid Based on the Dollar.
  280. Finance and the Good Society.
  281. A Window of (Economy) Opportunity for Europe | McKinsey
  282. Stock Market Forecast 2014 Crash or Rally? Drone Wars and the Nuclear Apocalypse.
  283. American's Asleep at the Wheel Driving Into Debt Slavery
  284. Writing the "The Market for 'Lemons'": A Personal and Interpretive Essay
  285. The Positive Economics of 'Leaning In'
  286. The Price Is Wrong - Why Brazil Offers Appalling Value for Money.
  287. Capital Shortfall: A New Approach to Ranking and Regulating Systemic Risks.
  288. Explaining the World Through Macroeconomic Analysis.
  289. Dead Left
  290. Forecasts from Around the World
  291. Papua New Guinea Economic Briefing
  292. War, Terror, Catastrophe: Profiting from 'Disaster Capitalism'
  293. A Contrarian Wish List for the Economy.
  294. A Look at 30 Years of U.S. Minimum Wage [Interactive].
  295. Change in Negotiators Shakes up U.S.-China Trade Policy.
  296. America's Mid-20th-Century Infrastructure.
  297. Off the Charts: Among the Best Presidents or the Worst, in Economic Terms.
  298. The End of the World as We Know It.
  299. The Blackmailer Paradox - Game Theory and Negotiations with Arab Countries.
  300. East Asia & Pacific on the Rise
  301. United States Economy at a Glance
  302. With Unemployment Insurance, Is 99 Weeks the Magic Number?
  303. US National Debt Figure
  304. Bleakonomics
  305. Marital Status, the Safety Net and the Recession
  306. Trends and Forecasts U.S. Economy
  307. Free-Marketeering
  308. It's All a Grand Capitalist Conspiracy
  309. Generosity & Counterproductive
  310. Obama: Plan to Strengthen the Economy
  311. "Commodity Data" reported by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
  312. Ecological Economics: Themes, Approaches, and Differences With Environmental Economics.
  313. Inside Economy
  314. The World According to Robert Shiller
  315. Brexit and Beyond
  316. India Economy Watch
  317. Spain Economy: Facts, Population, Unemployment, GDP
  318. The Growth and Development of the Indonesian Economy
  319. Realizing Indonesia's Economic Potential
  320. Thailand Economic Monitor Reports | World Bank
  321. Thailand: Economic Outlook Report
  322. Thailand: Industrialization and Economic Catch-Up
  323. India Economy Analysis
  324. The Indian Economy Since Independence
  325. India's Great Slowdown: What Happened? What’s the Way Out?
  326. Understanding South Africa's Economic Puzzles
  327. The Virtues of Investing in Transportation.
  328. East Asian and European Economic Integration.
  329. In the Shade of the Commons - Toward a Culture...
  330. Shadow Economies and Corruption all over the World.
  331. Shadow Economies of 145 Countries.
  332. Manufacturing in Africa Factors for Success
  333. The Rise of Asia and Strategic Questions for Europe
  334. The Interaction of Cultural and Economic Factors...
  335. The Macroeconomist as Scientist and Engineer.
  336. The Facts of Life & Marriage.
  337. Time Well Spent - The Declining Real Cost of Living in America.
  338. Saving Social Security: The Diamond-Orszag Plan.
  339. The Truth About Europe's Economic Problems
  340. Social Business Entrepreneurs Are the Solution.
  341. The Importance of Investment Promotion in the Poorest Countries
  342. The President's Council of Economic Advisers
  343. Deadly Flaws in Major Market Indicators.
  344. Great Depression in Australia.
  345. Great Depression in Canada.
  346. Great Depression in the United Kingdom.
  347. Great Depression in Chile.
  348. Great Depression in France.
  349. Great Depression in Latin America.
  350. Great Depression in the Netherlands.
  351. Great Depression in South Africa.
  352. Great Depression in the United States and New Deal.
  353. The Great Depression (1929-1939).
  354. Industrial Policy and Development in Ethiopia: Evolution and Present Experimentation
  355. Index of Economic Freedom.
  356. The Financial Crisis 2008 Explained in Simple Terms
  357. Comparisons Between the Great Recession and the Great Depression.
  358. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism
  359. Stock Market Crash of 1929: Black Tuesday Cause & Effects ...
  360. Stock Market Crash of 1929: Definition, Facts, Causes, Effects.
  361. Monetary Policy and the Great Crash of 1929.
  362. 3 Strategic Options to Deal with Inflation | hbr.org
  363. 4 Ways China Influences Global Economics.
  364. 4 Major Challenges the U.S. Economy Faces.
  365. 4 Factors Supporting the Global Economy
  366. 5 Things to Know About the Chinese Economy
  367. 5 Charts Explain Vietnam's Economic Outlook | IMF
  368. 5 Economic Reports That Affect the Euro
  369. 6 Facts About Economic Inequality in the U.S.
  370. 6 Trends to Watch for 2019 Stock Market
  371. 6 Economic Facts about Health Care and Health
  372. 7 Misconceptions About the Federal Reserve.
  373. 7 Reasons Putin Won't Give Up Ukraine.
  374. 8 Things About China's Economy.
  375. 10 Facts About the Early American Economy.
  376. 10 Signs American Families are Falling Behind.
  377. 10 Top Largest Economies in the World.
  378. 10 Top Economies in the World
  379. 10 Top Great Financial Crises
  380. 11 Mind-blowing Facts About the US Economy
  381. 11 Trends Dominated Manufacturing
  382. 20 Most Influential Living Economists
  383. 20 Surprising Facts About the U.S. Economy
  384. 20 Top Economies in the World
  385. 20 Surprising Facts About the U.S. Economy
  386. 50 Economic Numbers from 2011 ...
  387. 91 Most Important Economic Charts to Watch
  388. 100 Facts About the Economy
▷ History - Guides
  1. Introduction: The Sixteen-Page Economic History of the World
  2. A Brief History of Economics
  3. History and Urban Economics
  4. The Importance of History for Economic Development
  5. US Economic Crisis: Definition, History, Warning Signs, Outlook
  6. Causes and Effects of Economic Crisis in History
  7. The Importance of History for Economic Development
  8. Economic History of the United States
  9. Economic History of Britain
  10. Economic History of Spain.
  11. Economic History of Greece and the Greek World.
  12. Economic History of the Republic of Ireland.
  13. Economic History of Italy.
  14. Economic History of Portugal.
  15. Economic History of Industrialization in Cambodia
  16. History of New Zealand § Depression.
  17. Economic and Political History of Vietnam
  18. Social Security Trust Fund: History, Solvency, How to Fix It.
  19. The History of U.S. Public Debt.
  20. History of Inflation vs. Long-Term Interest Rates
  21. Financial Crises: Lessons from History.
  22. Brief History of the Gold Standard in the United States.
  23. Coronavirus: A Visual Guide to the Economic Impact
  24. A Guide to Recession
  25. A CFO’s Recession Survival Guide
▷ How, Who, What, When, Where, Which & Why
  1. How to Use Gross National Product as an Indicator
  2. How to Find the Best Parts of the Sharing Economy.
  3. How to Stop Currency Manipulation
  4. How to Feed the World in 2050
  5. How to Survive a Recession
  6. How the Social Security Trust Fund Really Works
  7. How the Pieces Are Falling Into Place for Another Global Financial Crisis
  8. How the Economic Machine Works
  9. How the Global Urban Landscape Will Look in 2030
  10. How the Global Economy Is Changing: The New Growth Drivers
  11. How the New Geography of Talent Will Transform Human Resource Strategies
  12. How the Trump Economy Compares to Economies under ...
  13. How China’s Economic Aggression Threatens the Technologies and Intellectual Property of the U.S. and the World
  14. How China's Currency Manipulation Cheats America on Trade
  15. How China Influences the U.S. Dollar
  16. How Does China Control Exchange Rates?
  17. How Does the Trump Economy Compare to Obama’s?
  18. How Much Do Supply and Demand Drive Inflation?
  19. How Much Does the World Buy Volume and Consumption?
  20. How Will the Global Economic Order Change by 2050?
  21. How Impact of Inflation 2022 Affects Daily Life and Small Businesses
  22. How Worried Should We Be If the Debt Ceiling Isn’t Lifted?
  23. How the Coronavirus Will Destroy the Economy
  24. What Is Economics?
  25. What Is Economics? | mps-al.org
  26. What Is Economy? - Foundation for Economic Education
  27. What Is Economics All About?
  28. What Is Maccroeconomics?
  29. What Is Political Economy?
  30. What Is the World's Largest Economy?
  31. What Is a Recession?
  32. What Is a Recession and What Does It Mean for You?
  33. What Is Inflation?
  34. What is inflation: The Causes and Impact
  35. What Is the Debt Ceiling and Why Does It Matter?
  36. What Is the U.S. National Debt Ceiling?
  37. What Is the US Debt Ceiling and What Happens If It Isn’t Raised?
  38. What Is the World Bank?.
  39. What Is a Crisis and What Isn’t?
  40. What Is Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?
  41. What Is the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)?
  42. What Is Trans-Pacific Partnership and Why Does It Matter?
  43. What Is the Difference? Evidence on the Distribution of Wealth, Health, Life Expectancy and Health Insurance Coverage.
  44. What a Depression Looks Like (Greek Style).
  45. What Caused the Stock Market Crash of 1929?.
  46. What Do We Know About Retail Gasoline Pricing?
  47. What Does Hitting the Debt Ceiling Mean for the US?
  48. What Causes a Recession?
  49. What Money Tells Us About What Makes a State a State - Outsourcing the Money Supply
  50. What the World Economic Crisis Should Teach Us
  51. When a Nobel Prize Isn’t Enough.
  52. Where the World's Richest Countries Invest.
  53. Where Is the Wealth of Nations?
  54. Where Is the ASEAN Way Leading?
  55. Which Countries Will Drive Global Growth (2016)?
  56. Who Are the Winners and Losers of Trans-Pacific Partnership Trade Deal?
  57. Who Pays the Most Income Taxes?
  58. Who Gets Unemployment Benefits
  59. Who (Trump vs. Obama) Has the Better Record on the Economy? | LA Times
  60. Why the Economy Is Roaring
  61. Why China Imports Matter to Global Economy
  62. Why a China Bubble Burst Would Be Quieter?
  63. Why Is Brazil So Expensive?
  64. Why Optimism May Be Bad News
  65. Why the Chinese Economy Impacts the U.S. So Much
  66. Why Americans Think Bush Is to Blame for the Economy.
  67. Why Is China Growing Economy So Fast?.
  68. Why Do Students Study Economics
  69. Why Is It Important to Study Economics?
  70. Why Doesn't the United States Have a European-Style
  71. Why U.S. Investors Are Concerned about China.
  72. Why Inequality Is Bad for Economic Growth.
  73. Why the Economic Crisis Is Disproportionately Affecting Marginalized Communities
World Economic Outlook
Development Banks
Global Economy
Stimulus Packages
Asia & South Pacific
Africa & Middle East
Europe
North America
South America
Investment Banks

Unemployment Rate by Country (%)
(Source: World Bank)

     

    Country / Region 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
     Afghanistan 11.7 7.2 7.3 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.4
     Albania 11.7 13.9 13.9 13.9 15.2 17.1 17.5 15.6
     Algeria 12.8 12.3 12.1 12.0 10.2 11.2 10.2 9.8
     American Samoa (U.S) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Andorra NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Anguilla (UK) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Antigua and Barbuda NA NA NA NA NA NA 11.0 11.0
     Argentina 11.7 10.0 9.5 8.7 8.4 6.9 7.0 6.6
     Armenia 20.2 17.7 17.7 18.2 18.0 18.3 17.5 16.2
     Aruba (Netherlands) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Australia 6.6 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.7 6.1 6.0 5.7
     Austria 5.8 4.6 4.8 5.5 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.3
     Azerbaijan 6.3 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 5.0
     Bahrain 4.1 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
     Bangladesh 5.3 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.4
     Barbados 12.8 9.6 9.6 9.7 9.7 11.4 12.1 11.6
     Belarus 5.3 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.0
     Belgium 6.0 6.4 6.3 7.1 7.8 8.5 8.5 8.4
     Belize 7.8 9.5 9.4 9.0 7.9 10.0 11.6 11.7
     Bermuda NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Bhutan 3.7 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.9
     Bolivia 5.6 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.0 2.4
     Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.9 21.2 20.8 25.4 27.7 27.5 27.5 27.5
     Botswana 17.7 18.2 18.0 17.6 18.0 18.2 18.3 18.0
     Brazil 13.7 12.2 12.5 12.9 11.6 8.4 6.7 7.0
     British Virgin Is (UK) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Brunei 8.4 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Bulgaria 5.7 4.8 5.3 6.2 7.6 9.1 11.4 13.0
     Burma (Myanmar) 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.8 0.8
     Cambodia 0.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3
     Cameroon 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.7
     Canada 9.5 6.1 5.9 6.3 7.0 6.9 6.9 7.1
     Cabe Verde NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 13.1
     Cayman Islands (UK) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Central African Republic 4.3 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.6 6.8 6.9 6.9
     Chile 11.5 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.2
     China 5.0 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.6
     Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Colombia 15.4 9.2 9.1 8.9 8.7 8.3 8.6 9.1
     Comoros 8.4 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2
     Cook Islands NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 13.1
     Costa Rica 17.1 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.6 9.0 9.1 8.8
     Croatia 7.2 NA NA 10.8 13.1 16.2 17.3 17.3
     Cuba 3.9 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.7 3.3
     Cyprus 7.2 7.9 8.1 11.0 13.0 15.0 16.0 15.9
     Czech Republic 2.9 2.5 2.4 2.9 4.0 5.0 6.1 7.0
     Denmark 5.7 4.8 5.0 5.7 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.0
     Djibouti 11.6 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.0 11.1 11.7 11.7
     Dominica NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Dominican Republic 8.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 7.3 7.6 6.7 7.4
     East Timor-Leste 5.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.3
     Ecuador 6.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.6 3.6 3.5 3.1
     Egypt 10.4 11.3 11.4 11.8 12.4 13.1 13.1 13.2
     El Salvador 7.0 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.0 4.2 3.7
     Equatorial Guinea 9.1 NA NA NA NA NA 22.3 30.0
     Estonia 6.5 5.9 5.5 5.8 6.8 6.2 7.4 8.6
     European Union 7.4 7.2 7.0 7.2 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.2
     Faroe Islands (Denmark) NA NA NA NA NA NA3.1 5.9
     Fiji 4.8 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.4
     Finland 7.8 7.3 7.8 8.6 8.8 9.4 8.7 8.2
     France 8.6 9.1 9.2 9.4 10.1 10.4 10.3 9.9
     French Polynesia (France) 13.8 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.4 12.7 13.013.2
     Gabon 20.5 19.6 19.5 19.4 19.7 20.0 19.9 20.1
     West Bank & Gaza (Palestine) 27.4 29.9 30.2 27.4 26.9 25.8 27.023.4
     Georgia 12.1 14.2 14.1 13.9 14.0 14.1 14.6 16.9
     Germany 4.3 3.2 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.6 5.0 5.2
     Ghana 4.5 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.5 6.4
     Gibraltar (UK) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Greece 16.9 18.1 19.2 21.5 23.5 24.9 26.5 27.5
     Greenland (Denmark) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Grenada NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Guam (United States) 7.5 5.9 5.6 5.2 5.4 6.9 7.611.5
     Guatemala 4.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.7 3.0
     Guernsey (UK) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Guyana 15.8 12.2 12.1 12.1 12.3 12.6 12.4 12.3
     Honduras 9.4 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.7 4.6 5.5 4.1
     Hong Kong 5.8 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4
     Hungary 4.3 3.5 3.7 4.2 5.1 6.8 7.7 10.2
     Iceland 5.0 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 4.0 4.9 5.4
     India 7.1 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
     Indonesia 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.0 4.3
     Iran 11.0 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.4 11.1 10.6 10.4
     Iraq 13.7 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.1 8.1 7.9 8.0
     Ireland 5.9 5.3 5.7 6.7 8.4 9.9 11.9 13.7
     Isle of Man NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Israel 4.6 3.9 3.9 4.2 4.8 5.2 5.9 6.2
     Italy 9.3 9.2 10.2 11.2 11.7 11.9 12.7 12.1
     Jamaica 8.4 9.5 9.4 12.7 13.2 13.5 13.7 15.3
     Japan 3.0 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.6 4.0
     Jersey (UK) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Jordan 18.5 14.9 15.0 14.9 15.3 13.1 11.9 12.6
     Kazakhstan 6.1 5.4 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.2
     Kenya 3.0 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.8
     Kiribati NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Kosovo NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Kuwait 6.8 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.9 2.7
     Kyrgyzstan 7.9 7.4 7.2 6.9 7.2 7.6 8.0 8.3
     Laos 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
     Latvia 8.2 8.2 7.9 8.7 9.6 9.9 10.8 11.9
     Lebanon 6.6 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.4
     Lesotho 24.6 23.5 23.6 23.6 24.2 24.3 24.3 24.6
     Libya 19.4 17.3 17.3 12.2 16.2 16.1 17.1 18.3
     Liechtenstein NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Lithuania 8.4 6.6 6.0 7.1 7.9 9.1 10.7 11.8
     Luxembourg 7.0 5.4 5.5 5.5 6.3 6.7 5.9 5.8
     Macao 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.81.7 1.8
     North Macedonia 18.4 21.6 21.6 22.4 23.7 26.1 28.0 29.0
     Malaysia 4.6 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.1 2.9 3.1
     Mali 7.5 9.8 9.6 9.4 9.7 7.7 6.4 7.3
     Malta 4.1 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 5.4 5.8 6.4
     Marshall Islands NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Mauritania 10.7 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.8 10.1 10.0
     Mauritius 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 7.4 7.5 7.3
     Mayotte (France) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Mexico 4.7 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.3 4.8 4.9
     Micronesia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Moldova 4.7 3.7 3.4 4.1 4,2 3.7 3.9 5.1
     Monaco NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Mongolia 4.3 6.4 6.3 6.4 7.2 4.9 4.8 4.2
     Montenegro 15.9 15.8 15.5 16.1 17.7 17.5 18.0 19.5
     Montserrat (UK) NA NA NA NA NA NANA 6.0
     Morocco 10.1 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7 9.2
     Mozambique 3.4 3,2 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.2
     Namibia 20.4 23.2 23.1 23.1 23.4 20.8 18.5 19.0
     Nauru NA NA NA NA NA NA 23.0 NA
       Nepal 4.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
     Netherlands 4.1 3.8 3.9 4.8 6.0 6.9 7.4 7.2
     Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     New Caledonia (France) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     New Zealand 4.6 4.8 4.5 4.7 5.1 5.4 5.8 6.3
     Nicaragua 5.8 4.9 4.5 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 5.3
     Nigeria 9.0 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.2 5.3 4.4 3.7
     North Korea 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7
     Northern Mariana Islands (U.S.) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Norway 4.6 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.7 4.3 3.5 3.4
     Niue NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Pakistan 4.7 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.6 1.8 3.0
     Palau NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Panama 10.2 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.0 2.7 2.3
     Papua New Guinea 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7
     Paraguay 7.6 4.7 4.7 4.6 5.3 4.6 5.0 4.4
     Peru 6.2 2.9 2.8 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.0 3.2
     Philippines 3.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0 3.6 3.5
     Poland 3.5 3.3 3.7 4.9 6.2 7.5 9.0 10.3
     Portugal 7.2 6.1 6.9 8.7 11.0 12.4 13.9 16.2
     Puerto Rico (US) 11.2 11.2 11.4 10.8 11.8 12.0 13.914.3
     Qatar 3.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3
     Romania 4.8 4.2 4.3 4.9 5.9 6.8 6.8 7.1
     Russia 5.7 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.6 5.6 5.2 5.5
     Saint Helena (UK) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Saint Kitts and Nevis NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Saint Lucia 17.1 20.5 20.9 20.8 21.3 24.1 23.2 22.2
     Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 20.3 19.7 19.8 19.7 20.1 20.2 19.7 19.7
     San Marino NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Saudi Arabia 8.2 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.7
     Senegal 7.1 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.6 8.5
     Serbia 9.1 13.5 13.5 13.5 15.3 17.9 19.2 22.1
     Singapore 5.2 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.9
     Slovakia 6.8 6.4 6.8 8.1 9.7 11.5 13.2 14.2
     Slovenia 5.2 5.5 5.5 6.6 8.0 9.0 9.7 10.1
     South Africa 28.7 27.3 27.0 27.3 26.6 25.2 24.9 24.6
     South Korea 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.1
     Spain 15.7 14.7 15.5 17.2 19.6 22.1 24.4 26.1
     Sri Lanka 4.8 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.4
     Sudan 12.7 13.0 12.9 12.8 13.0 13.2 12.2 13.3
     Suriname 8.6 7.4 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.6
     Swaziland/Eswatini 23.0 22.9 22.5 22.3 22.7 23.6 24.5 25.4
     Sweden 8.4 6.8 6.4 6.7 7.0 7.4 7.9 8.0
      Switzerland 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
     Syria 9.0 8.2 8.1 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.7
     Taiwan 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.0 4.1
     Tajikistan 7.5 11.1 11.0 10.7 11.0 11.4 11.6 11.8
     Thailand 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
     The Bahamas 14.4 11.5 11.9 12.4 12.7 12.0 13.8 16.2
     Tonga 4.4 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
     Trinidad and Tobago 6.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.2 2.2 2.5
     Tunisia 16.7 16.0 15.1 15.2 15.5 15.4 15.5 15.5
     Turkey 13.9 11.9 10.9 10.8 10.8 10.2 9.9 8.7
     Turkmenistan 4.4 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0
     Turks and Caicos Islands NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
     Ukraine 9.5 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.4 9.1 9.3 7.2
     United Arab Emirates 5.0 2.6 2.6 12.5 1.6 1.8 2.1 2.3
     United Kingdom 4.3 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.8 5.3 6.1 7.5
     United States 8.3 3.7 3.9 4.4 4.9 5.3 6.2 7.4
     Uruguay 12.7 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.5 6.5 6.4
     Uzbekistan 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.9
     Vanuatu 2.0 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.0
     Venezuela 9.1 9.1 8.4 7.4 7.5 6.8 6.9 7.5
     Vietnam 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.3 1.3
     U.S. Virgin Islands (U.S) 11.8 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.7 8.9 9.29.4
     Wallis and Futuna (France) NA NA NA NA NA NANA NA
     West Bank 27.4 29.9 30.2 27.4 26.9 25.9 27.0 23.4
     Yemen 13.4 12.8 12.9 13.2 13.5 14.0 13.5 13.5
     Zambia 12.2 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
     Zimbabwe 5.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.6

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (Nominal) (millions of $)
Country
(Selected)
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
  1. United States
  2. China
  3. Japan
  4. Germany
  5. France
  6. United Kingdom
  7. Brazil
  8. Russia
  9. Italy
  10. India
  11. Canada
  12. Australia
  13. Spain
  14. Mexico
  15. Korea, South
  16. Indonesia
  17. Turkey
  18. Netherlands
  19. Saudi Arabia
  20. Switzerland
  21. Iran
  22. Sweden
  23. Norway
  24. Poland
  25. Belgium
  26. Argentina
  27. Austria
  28. Thailand
  29. South Africa
  30. U.A.E
  31. Venezuela
  32. Colombia
  33. Denmark
  34. Malaysia
  35. Singapore
  36. Chile
  37. Nigeria
  38. Egypt
  39. Philippines
  40. Greece
  41. Finland
  42. Israel
  43. Pakistan
  44. Portugal
  45. Ireland
  46. Algeria
  47. Peru
  48. Kazakhstan
  49. Czech Republic
  50. Qatar
  51. Kuwait
  52. Ukraine
  53. New Zealand
  54. Romania
  55. Vietnam
  56. Iraq
  57. Bangladesh
  58. Hungary
  59. Angola
  60. Morocco
  $20,807,269
$14,860,775
$4,910,580
$3,780,553
$2,551,451
$2,638,296
$1,363,767
$1,464,078
$1,848,222
$2,592,583
$1,600,264
$1,334,688
$1,247,464
$1,040,372
$1,586,786
$1,088,768
$649,436
$886,339
$680,897
$707,868
$610,662
$529,054
$366,386
$580,894
$503,416
$382,760
$432,894
$509,200
$282,588
$353,899
$48,610
$264,933
$339,626
$336,330
$337,451
$245,414
$442,976
$361,875
$367,362
$194,376
$267,856
$383,425
$276,200
$221,716
$399,064
$147,323
$195,761
$165,730
$241,975
$147,791
$108,656
$142,250
$193,545
$248,624
$340,602
$178,112
$317,768
$149,939
$62,724
$112,220
$21,433,226
$14,342,903
$5,081,770
$3,861,124
$2,715,518
$2,829,108
$1,839,758
$1,699,877
$2,003,576
$2,868,929
$1,736,426
$1,396,567
$1,393,491
$1,268,871
$1,646,739
$1,119,191
$761,425
$907,051
$792,967
$703,082
$603,779
$530,884
$403,336
$595,858
$533,097
$445,445
$445,075
$543,549
$351,432
$421,142
$134,960
$323,616
$350,104
$364,681
$372,063
$282,318
$448,120
$303,092
$376,796
$209,853
$269,296
$394,652
$278,222
$238,785
$388,699
$171,091
$226,848
$181,666
$250,681
$175,838
$134,629
$153,781
$206,929
$250,077
$261,921
$234,094
$302,571
$163,469
$88,816
$119,700
$20,494,050
$13,841,901
$4,971,929
$4,000,386
$2,775,252
$2,828,644
$1,868,184
$1,630,659
$2,072,201
$2,716,746
$1,711,387
$1,418,275
$1,425,865
$1,223,359
$1,619,424
$1,022,454
$766,428
$912,899
$782,483
$700,000
$452,275
$551,135
$434,937
$586,015
$533,153
$518,092
$457,637
$487,239
$368,135
$424,635
$98,468
$333,114
$350,874
$354,348
$361,109
$298,172
$397,270
$249,559
$330,846
$219,097
$275,321
$369,843
$312,570
$238,510
$372,695
$180,441
$225,203
$170,539
$242,052
$192,450
$141,050
$124,603
$203,404
$239,851
$241,272
$226,070
$287,630
$155,703
$121.693
$118,309
$19,485,400
$12,062,281
$4,859,951
$3,700,613
$2,587,682
$2,639,974
$2,053,208
$1,578,417
$1,946,888
$2,652,245
$1,650,187
$1,386,357
$1,316,951
$1,158,229
$1,530,751
$1,015,292
$851,521
$832,239
$688,586
$676,000
$430,709
$535,607
$399,489
$526,594
$495,757
$642,928
$417,672
$455,322
$349,433
$382,575
$143,841
$311,796
$329,866
$314,708
$336,679
$277,668
$376,361
$236,528
$313,595
$203,493
$252,809
$353,268
$304,952
$219,748
$331,597
$167,555
$214,128
$162,887
$215,914
$166,929
$119,533
$112,125
$200,317
$211,407
$220,376
$193,521
$262,077
$139,761
$122,124
$109,824

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (millions of $)
Country
(Selected)
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
  1. United States
  2. China
  3. Japan
  4. Germany
  5. France
  6. United Kingdom
  7. Brazil
  8. Russia
  9. Italy
  10. India
  11. Canada
  12. Australia
  13. Spain
  14. Mexico
  15. Korea, South
  16. Indonesia
  17. Turkey
  18. Netherlands
  19. Saudi Arabia
  20. Switzerland
  21. Iran
  22. Sweden
  23. Norway
  24. Poland
  25. Belgium
  26. Argentina
  27. Austria
  28. Thailand
  29. South Africa
  30. U.A.E
  31. Venezuela
  32. Colombia
  33. Denmark
  34. Malaysia
  35. Singapore
  36. Chile
  37. Nigeria
  38. Egypt
  39. Philippines
  40. Greece
  41. Finland
  42. Israel
  43. Pakistan
  44. Portugal
  45. Ireland
  46. Algeria
  47. Peru
  48. Kazakhstan
  49. Czech Republic
  50. Qatar
  51. Kuwait
  52. Ukraine
  53. New Zealand
  54. Romania
  55. Vietnam
  56. Iraq
  57. Bangladesh
  58. Hungary
  59. Angola
  60. Morocco
$18,624,450
$11,221,836
$4,949,272
$3,479,232
$2,466,472
$2,660,687
$1,793,066
$1,283,286
$1,860,152
$2,273,556
$1,535,768
$1,264,944
$1,237,766
$1,076,914
$1,411,042
$932,445
$863,390
$777,548
$644,935
$640,765
$404,447
$514,460
$371,064
$471,216
$468,148
$554,107
$390,961
$411,847
$295,678
$348,743
$236,116
$279,987
$306,900
$296,536
$296,966
$250,008
$405,442
$332,484
$304,906
$192,770
$238,776
$351,748
$278,592
$205,269
$304,499
$159,049
$195,432
$133,668
$195,305
$152,469
$110,873
$93,263
$185,380
$187,807
$201,309
$171,716
$235,623
$129,144
$95,337
$103,607
$18,120,700
$11,226,186
$4,379,868
$3,377,310
$2,434,787
$2,863,304
$1,801,482
$1,365,865
$1,825,820
$2,089,867
$1,552,808
$1,229,938
$1,193,556
$1,152,266
$1,382,764
$861,143
$859,449
$758,381
$654,270
$575,000
$375,404
$495,694
$386,579
$477,328
$455,219
$631,621
$377,157
$399,205
$314,732
$357,949
$260,089
$291,530
$301,308
$296,434
$296,835
$242,537
$493,841
$332,075
$292,774
$194,958
$232,556
$375,094
$271,050
$199,182
$290,241
$164,779
$192,391
$184,388
$186,830
$164,641
$114,079
$90,939
$173,347
$177,524
$191,288
$179,838
$208,695
$121,660
$102,962
$100,593
$17,393,100
$10,534,526
$4,848,733
$3,885,440
$2,843,673
$3,002,394
$2,456,054
$2,063,663
$2,155,153
$2,033,652
$1,792,883
$1,449,336
$1,378,042
$1,298,404
$1,411,334
$891,051
$934,072
$881,033
$756,350
$561,000
$414,965
$573,818
$498,340
$545,053
$532,607
$563,614
$439,073
$406,521
$351,571
$401,958
$215,296
$378,323
$352,297
$338,073
$308,155
$260,954
$568,496
$305,567
$284,829
$236,455
$273,042
$354,767
$244,361
$229,995
$255,896
$213,518
$203,021
$221,416
$207,818
$206,225
$162,695
$132,343
$199,028
$199,543
$185,759
$255,534
$183,966
$139,295
$126,777
$109,881
$16,691,500
$9,635,025
$5,155,716
$3,753,687
$2,809,390
$2,721,489
$2,471,718
$2,230,624
$2,131,157
$1,857,237
$1,842,627
$1,509,639
$1,362,202
$1,261,983
$1,305,605
$916,646
$950,328
$866,951
$746,647
$551,000
$379,436
$578,742
$522,746
$524,382
$520,254
$611,471
$428,382
$420,529
$367,772
$388,598
$228,017
$380,170
$343,584
$323,276
$302,511
$278,340
$514,965
$288,007
$271,836
$239,937
$270,065
$327,318
$231,218
$226,144
$238,991
$209,703
$197,866
$236,635
$209,402
$198,728
$174,179
$179,572
$186,810
$191,560
$170,444
$234,638
$161,297
$134,680
$124,912
$106,826
$16,155,250
$8,570,348
$6,203,213
$3,545,946
$2,682,901
$2,655,458
$2,464,053
$2,170,145
$2,073,971
$1,828,120
$1,824,289
$1,561,052
$1,336,685
$1,186,602
$1,222,807
$919,002
$873,696
$829,406
$735,975
$452,000
$382,017
$543,881
$509,705
$500,836
$498,160
$579,666
$407,677
$397,560
$396,346
$373,432
$331,457
$369,430
$327,149
$314,443
$289,168
$267,026
$460,952
$278,769
$250,092
$245,807
$256,849
$303,640
$224,384
$216,488
$225,799
$209,005
$189,024
$207,999
$207,376
$186,834
$174,066
$175,707
$175,062
$171,662
$155,483
$218,032
$141,705
$127,321
$115,342
$98,266

Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) per Capita &
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in USD) (2012)
Country
(Top 60)
World Bank
(PPP in $)
IMF
(PPP in $)
CIA
(PPP in $)
GDP
(Millions of $)
  1. United States
  2. China
  3. Japan
  4. Germany
  5. France
  6. United Kingdom
  7. Brazil
  8. Russia
  9. Italy
  10. India
  11. Canada
  12. Australia
  13. Spain
  14. Mexico
  15. Korea, South
  16. Indonesia
  17. Turkey
  18. Netherlands
  19. Saudi Arabia
  20. Switzerland
  21. Iran
  22. Sweden
  23. Norway
  24. Poland
  25. Belgium
  26. Argentina
  27. Austria
  28. Thailand
  29. South Africa
  30. U.A.E
  31. Venezuela
  32. Colombia
  33. Denmark
  34. Malaysia
  35. Singapore
  36. Chile
  37. Nigeria
  38. Egypt
  39. Philippines
  40. Greece
  41. Finland
  42. Israel
  43. Pakistan
  44. Portugal
  45. Ireland
  46. Algeria
  47. Peru
  48. Kazakhstan
  49. Czech Republic
  50. Qatar
  51. Kuwait
  52. Ukraine
  53. New Zealand
  54. Romania
  55. Vietnam
  56. Iraq
  57. Bangladesh
  58. Hungary
  59. Angola
  60. Morocco
$49,965
$9,233
$35,178
$40,901
$36,104
$36,901
$11,909
$23,501
$33,111
$3,876
$42,533
$44,598
$32,682
$16,731
$30,801
$4,956
$18,348
$43,198
$31,729
$53,367
$11,395
$43,180
$65,640
$22,162
$39,788
$12,034
$44,208
$9,820
$11,440
$42,080
$13,485
$10,583
$42,086
$17,143
$61,803
$22,352
$2,661
$6,724
$4,410
$25,331
$38,655
$31,869
$2,891
$25,411
$43,592
$8,515
$10,932
$13,917
$26,590
$83,460
$45,455
$7,421
$32,219
$16,518
$3,635
$4,246
$1,883
$22,119
$6,105
$5,192
$51,714
$9,055
$35,885
$38,666
$35,292
$36,569
$11,747
$17,518
$29,812
$3,843
$42,317
$41,954
$30,058
$15,363
$31,950
$4,923
$14,812
$41,527
$30,477
$44,864
$12,986
$40,304
$54,397
$20,562
$37,459
$17,917
$41,908
$9,503
$11,281
$29,176
$13,480
$10,671
$37,324
$16,794
$60,799
$18,211
$2,697
$6,474
$4,380
$24,260
$35,771
$33,878
$3,056
$23,047
$40,716
$7,268
$10,596
$13,526
$27,000
$100,889
$39,874
$7,295
$29,481
$12,722
$3,788
$7,004
$1,963
$19,497
$6,092
$5,193
$50,700
$9,300
$36,900
$39,700
$36,100
$37,500
$12,100
$18,000
$30,600
$3,900
$43,400
$43,300
$31,100
$15,600
$32,800
$5,100
$42,900
$49,965
$31,800
$46,200
$13,300
$41,900
$55,900
$20,900
$38,500
$18,400
$43,100
$10,300
$11,600
$49,800
$13,800
$11,000
$38,300
$17,200
$61,400
$18,700
$2,800
$6,700
$4,500
$24,900
$37,000
$32,800
$2,900
$23,800
$42,600
$7,600
$10,900
$14,100
$27,600
$103,900
$40,500
$7,500
$30,200
$13,000
$3,600
$7,200
$2,100
$20,000
$6,500
$5,400
$16,244,600
$8,358,400
$5,960,180
$3,425,956
$2,611,221
$2,417,600
$2,254,109
$2,029,812
$2,013,392
$1,875,213
$1,821,445
$1,564,419
$1,322,126
$1,183,655
$1,129,598
$878,043
$788,299
$770,067
$711,050
$631,183
$551,588
$523,804
$499,667
$489,852
$483,402
$477,028
$394,458
$385,694
$384,313
$383,799
$369,813
$314,889
$304,726
$276,520
$268,314
$262,545
$254,671
$250,182
$248,941
$247,389
$241,069
$215,117
$212,139
$210,638
$207,021
$204,681
$202,656
$196,446
$192,402
$192,402
$183,219
$176,309
$171,256
$169,396
$155,820
$149,370
$127,195
$124,600
$116,308
$95,992

U.S. Economy Index
(Sources: Brookings; bea.gov)

2009       2010       2011      
General Welfare Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
GDP Growth (%) -6.4 -0.7 2.2 5.6 3.2 - 2.5 2.3 0.4 1.3 1.8 2.8
Unemployment Rate (%) - Monthly 8.2 9.3 9.7 10 9.7 9.6 9.6 9.6 9 9 9.1 8.7
Inflation Rate (%) - Monthly -2.2 1.9 3.7 2.6 1.5 2.4 1.4 2.6 5.2 4.1 3.1 3.1
Personal Income (%) - Detail           2.3 1.5 1.2 0.6 -1.7 -1.2
Consumer Spending (%) - Detail 0.6 -0.9 2.8 1.6 3.6 2.5 2.6 3.6 2.1 0.7 1.7 2
Export (%) -29.9 -4.1 17.8 22.8 5.8 - 19.3 17.4 18 17.5 17.4 17.5
Import (%) -36.4 -14.7 21.3 15.8 8.9 - 23.7 15.7 18.7 16.5 13.9 14
Oil Price per Barrel ($) - Monthly 34.74 51.81 59.98 67.73 70.26 69.89 75.14 90.61 110.83 107.82 103.17 99
Interest Rate: 30-Year Mortgage (%) 5.00 5.42 5.06 4.93 4.97 - 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.1 4
Supply of New Homes in Month (%)           8.5 7.9 7.3 6.6 6.6 6.1
Home Price Change (%) -20.9 -9.5 8.8 3.4 2.1 - - - - - - -
Dow Jones Industrial Average 7609 8447 9712 10428 10857 - - 11578 12320 12414 10913 12218
Yield On Investment-Grade Bonds % 8.42 7.50 6.31 6.37 6.27 - - - - - - -
Interest Rate: 10-Yr Treasury Bonds 2.28 3.72 3.40 3.59 3.73 - - - - - - -
Foreclosure Rate - All Loans (%) 1.4 1.4       - - - - - - -
FDIC Bank Failures 21 24 50 45 41 - - - - - - -
Outstanding Consumer Credit (%) -3.9 -4.8 -3.1 -6.1 0.4 - - - - - - -
U.S. Combat Fatalities 83 101 158 76 79 - 176 141 87 156 158 70
Approval Rating of The President % 63 63 54 51 49 47 45 46 48 47 42 42
Approval Rating of Congress (%) 30 35 31 24 19 18 19 17 20 19 15 12

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