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    Did You Know?
    1. Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. The cancerous cells can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue, including organs. Untreated, these cells can potentially spread to other tissues in the body, including organs, which is known as secondary or metastatic cancer.
    2. There are more than 200 different types of cancer, the most common ones are breast, lung, prostate and bowel. Each cancer is diagnosed and treated in a particular way. One in two people develop some kind of cancer during their lifetime, most cases of cancer are in people aged 50 and over. Changes to the body's normal processes or unusual, unexplained symptoms can sometimes be an early sign of cancer, such as a lump that suddenly appears on the body, unexplained bleeding, and changes to your bowel habits.
    3. Nearly 2 million Americans have been diagnosed with cancer in 2023, and around 610,000 people have died of the disease; anyone can develop cancer, but 88% of those in the U.S. diagnosed with cancer are 50 or older, and 57% are 65 or older, the American Cancer Society said.
    4. Cancer was the second leading cause of death, after heart disease, in the United States. In 2020, there were 602,350 cancer deaths; 284,619 were among females and 317,731 among males.
      • 136,084 people died of lung cancer (63,135 females and 72,949 males).
      • 51,869 people died of colorectal cancer (23,826 females and 28,043 males).
      • 46,774 people died of pancreatic cancer (22,495 females and 24,279 males).
      • 42,275 females died of breast cancer.
      • 32,707 males died of prostate cancer.
      • 28,227 people died of liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer (9,591 females and 18,636 males).
    5. Late effects of cancer treatment can come from any of the main types of cancer treatment: chemotherapy, hormone therapy, radiation therapy, surgery, targeted therapy and immunotherapy.
      • For the cancer treatment using chemotherapy, late effects may include dental problems, early menopause, eye problems, hair loss, hearing loss, heart problems, increased risk of other cancers, infertility, loss of taste, lung disease, nerve damage, osteoporosis (bone loss), and reduced lung capacity.
      • For the cancer treatment using hormone therapy, late effects may include blood clots, hormonal change, hot flashes, increased risk of other cancers, menopausal symptoms, osteoporosis, and sexual side effects.
      • For the cancer treatment using radiation therapy, late effects may include cavities and tooth decay, dry mouth, early menopause, hair loss, heart and vascular problems, hypothyroidism, increased risk of other cancers, increased risk of stroke, infertility, intestinal problems, lung disease, lymphedema, memory problems, and osteoporosis.
      • Late side effects from surgery depend on the type of cancer and the surgery location in the body; lymphedema is most commonly caused by the removal of or damage to a lymph node as a part of this cancer treatment.
      • Late effects are unknown for the cancer treatment with targeted therapy or immunotherapy.
    6. Cancer, an incurable disease, is a deadly terminal disease known worldwide. There are over 200 different types of cancers. While 1 in every 3 women in her lifetime, is likely to die because of breast cancer, colo-rectal cancer, ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, and lung and bronchial cancer, 1 in every 2 men in his life time, mostly dies because of lung & bronchus cancer, prostate cancer, colon & rectum cancer, pancreas cancer, and liver & intrahepatic bile duct cancer.
    7. In the US, cancer usually develops in older people; 86% of all cancers are diagnosed in people 50 years of age or older. Lifetime risk refers to the probability that an individual will develop or die from cancer over the course of a lifetime. The lifetime risk of developing cancer is 42% in men and 38% in women.
    8. Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate, which is a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostate cancer is diagnosed with a biopsy. The most common reason for a man to undergo a prostate biopsy is due to an elevated prostate-specific antigen level (PSA), determined by a blood test. It's not clear what causes prostate cancer. Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages; when it's more advanced, signs and symptoms may include trouble urinating, decreased force in the stream of urine blood in the urine and the semen, and/or erectile dysfunction.
    9. Prostate cancer, which is the most commonly diagnosed type of cancer, is the second leading cause of cancer in men. One in 8 men has been diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point in their lives. Prostate cancer incidence increases with age, the older men are, the greater their chance of developing this disease. Around 60% of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over the age of 65 (1 in 55 for ages 50 to 59, 1 in 20 for ages 60 to 69, and 1 in 12 for ages 70 and older).
    10. Prostate cancer is very common for men; more than 240,000 U.S. men is diagnosed with prostate cancer every year, and over 30,000 die a year.
    11. Many cancers are found too late and most of them show no symptoms until later stages, and treatment options may be limited and the outcomes are often deadly. Cancer blood tests and other laboratory tests may help doctors make a cancer diagnosis. Common blood tests used to diagnose cancer include
      • Complete Blood Count (CBC) (used to detect if too many or too few of a type of blood cell or abnormal cells are found in blood);
      • Blood Protein Testing (used to detect certain abnormal immune system proteins (immunoglobulins) that are sometimes elevated in people with multiple myeloma;
      • Tumor Marker Tests (used to detect chemicals made by tumor cells in blood);
      • and
      • Circulating Tumor Cell Tests (used to detect cells that have broken away from an original cancer site and are floating in the bloodstream).
    12. Cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer, and cancer that begins in the rectum is called rectal cancer. Cancer that starts in either of these organs may also be called colorectal cancer. Each year around 143,000 people in the U.S. are diagnosed with colorectal cancer. It is the fourth most common cancer in men, after skin, prostate, and lung cancer.
    13. The colon and rectum make up the large intestine (or large bowel), which is part of the digestive system, also called the gastrointestinal (GI) system. Colon cancer, which is a type of cancer that begins in the large intestine (colon), is sometimes called colorectal cancer (CRC), a term that combines colon cancer and rectal cancer, which begins in the rectum. CRC, which typically affects 33% of older adults (male or female), usually begins as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called polyps that form on the inside of the colon. Over time some of these polyps can become CRC. Finding and removing polyps can prevent CRC. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat. By the time symptoms appear, cancer may have begun to spread. CRC is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the US; 1 out of 20 people will develop CRC in their lifetime. CRC often has no obvious signs or symptoms; when symptoms appear, they'll likely vary, depending on the cancer's size and location in the large intestine. If CRC develops, many treatments are available to help control it, including surgery, radiation therapy and drug treatments, such as chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy. When detected early people with CRC have a greater than 90% 5-year survival rate.
    14. Colorectal cancer is the No. 2 killer in the US, reports the CDC, claiming more than 50,000 lives in 2013.
    15. Around 48,330 Americans were diagnosed with oral cavity or oropharyngeal cancer each year and approximately 9,570 died annually.
    16. A multi-cancer early detection test, Galleri, developed by Grail, Inc., an American healthcare company, can detect over 50 types of cancers — over 45 of which lack recommended screening today — with a low false positive rate, through a single blood draw. The Galleri test looks for signals present in the blood that may be associated with cancer at the time of the blood draw. If a cancer signal is detected, Galleri results can point to where in the body the cancer is coming from. However, the Galleri test does not diagnose cancer and not all cancers may be detected in the blood. A bone marrow biopsy, which involves removing a small sample of the bone marrow inside bones for testing, may also help confirm a diagnosis of a blood cancer.
    17. Cancer treatments and cancer can cause side effects, which are problems that occur when treatment affects healthy tissues or organs. These may include: anemia, appetite loss, bleeding and bruising (thrombocytopenia), constipation, celirium, ciarrhea, edema (swelling), fatigue, fertility issues in men, fertility issues in women, flu-like symptoms, hair loss (alopecia), infection and neutropenia, lymphedema, memory or concentration problems, mouth and throat problems, nausea and vomiting, nerve problems (peripheral neuropathy), immunotherapy and organ-related inflammation, pain, sexual health issues in men, sexual health issues in women, skin and nail changes, sleep problems and insomnia, and urinary and bladder problems.
    18. Increased risk for getting liver cancer when a person has symptoms that may include discomfort in the upper abdomen on the right side, a swollen abdomen, a hard lump on the right side just below the rib cage, pain near the right shoulder blade or in the back, yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice), easy bruising or bleeding, unusual tiredness, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, and/or weight loss for no known reason.
    19. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a long-lasting (chronic) disease of the central nervous system that attacks the myelin, the protective covering surrounding nerves, resulting in a variety of symptoms, including weakness, loss of balance, pain, tingling and fatigue; MS is an unpredictable disease that affects people differently. Some people with MS may have only mild symptoms; nearly a million Americans have MS; the condition is three times more common among women than men and often begins between ages 20 and 50, during the prime of life.
    20. After an eye exam, the doctor must give you a copy of your prescription for free and with no strings attached; for glasses, the patient must receive a copy of their prescription after the exam; for contacts, the doctor must provide it after the fitting is complete - whether the patient asks for it or not, it’s the law, required by The Federal Trade Commission’s Contact Lens Rule and the Eyeglasses Rule.
    21. Suicide was responsible for 48,183 deaths in 2021, which is about one death every 11 minutes. Doctors are dying by suicide at higher rates than the general population. Around 400 physicians ended their own life a year in the US, the equivalent of one medical school graduating class annually. Surgeons, who often suffer high rates of burnout, ergonomic injuries, miscarriages and infertility and are expected to take responsibility for what happens to their patients, have some of the highest known rates of suicide; of 697 physician suicides reported to the CDC between 2003 and 2017, at least 71 were surgeons.
    22. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease, is a rare neurological, progressive and incurable disease that affects motor neurons. It is caused by the death of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord that control the movement of muscles. Early symptoms include muscle twitches in the arm, leg, shoulder, or tongue, muscle cramps, tight and stiff muscles (spasticity), muscle weakness affecting an arm, a leg, the neck, or diaphragm, slurred and nasal speech, and difficulty chewing or swallowing.
    23. The Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) disease often begins with muscle twitching and weakness in an arm or leg, trouble swallowing or slurred speech, but as it progresses it profoundly impacts on the ability to move, talk and even breathe. The exact cause of the disease is still not known. A small number of cases are inherited. Most people with ALS die from respiratory failure, usually within three to five years from when the symptoms first appear. However, about 10 percent of people with ALS survive for a decade or more.
    24. Falls usually happen because gradual changes to bodies make walking difficult as part of the normal ageing process (e.g., poorer eyesight, muscle weakness), or caused by an illness or condition (e.g., low blood pressure, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease); falls can cause fragility fractures, which are most common in bones of the spine, wrists and hips, and other injuries that require lengthy hospital care and long-term effects; if you have fallen more than once in the past 6 months, you are more likely to fall again.
    25. When the heat beats, blood is drawn into its two upper chambers, stayed there briefly and then pumped out forcefully through its two lower chambers. An arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat (a problem with the rate or rhythm of heartbeat) occurs when the heart beats too quickly, too slowly, or with an irregular rhythm, and it can lose coordination among its chambers; this breakdown can lead to fatigue, shortness of breath, a heart attack or stroke. People who have Type 2 diabetes are 34% more likely to develop an arrhythmia (or Afib) than people without diabetes.
    26. The heart beats about 100,000 times per day (roughly 3 billion times during the course of an average lifetime); an adult heart beats about 60 to 80 times per minute (between 60 and 100 beats per minute is normal). The heart pumps about 5.7 liters of freshly oxygenated blood every minute (it can rise to more than 35 liters per minute when exercising), leaves the heart and enters the bloodstream throughout the body.
    27. As of 6/2023 there were around 529 million people in the world living with diabetes, and more than 4.44 million deaths every year; 8 deaths every minute. It's projected that this will more than 1.3 billion people with diabetes by 2050. The top 10 countries, in numbers of sufferers, are India, China, USA, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, Russia, Brazil, Italy and Bangladesh.
    28. Diabetes affects over 30 million American adults and children and 1 in 4 of them don’t know they have it; more than 84 million American adults have prediabetes, and 90% of them don’t know they have it.
    29. Around 30.3 million Americans have had diabetes, of which around 12.0 million people age 65 and older and about 193,000 Americans under age 20. Around 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every year. The rates of diagnosed diabetes in adults by race/ethnic background are
      • 7.4% of non-Hispanic whites,
      • 8.0% of Asian Americans (of which 4.3% for Chinese, 8.9% for Filipinos, 11.2% for Asian Indians, and 8.5% for other Asian Americans),
      • 12.1% of Hispanics (of which 8.5% for Central and South Americans, 9.0% for Cubans,
      • 13.8% for Mexican Americans, and 12.0% for Puerto Ricans),
      • 12.7% of non-Hispanic blacks, and 15.1% of American Indians/Alaskan Natives.
    30. From 2001 to 2020, diabetes and prediabetes prevalence significantly increased among US adults 18 or older.
      • 37.3 million people have diabetes—that’s 11.3% of the US population.
      • 28.7 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes.
      • 8.5 million people who have diabetes have not been diagnosed and do not know they have it.
      • 96 million US adults have prediabetes.
      • 26.4 million adults 65 or older have prediabetes.
    31. In 2019, 37.3 million Americans, or 11.3% of the population, had diabetes. Nearly 1.9 million Americans have type 1 diabetes, including about 244,000 children and adolescents Diagnosed and undiagnosed: Of the 37.3 million adults with diabetes, 28.7 million were diagnosed, and 8.5 million were undiagnosed.
      • Diagnosed: 28.7 million people of all ages had been diagnosed with diabetes (8.7% of the population).
        • 28.5 million were adults ages 18 years or older.
        • 283,000 were children and adolescents younger than age 20, including 244,000 with type 1 diabetes.
      • Undiagnosed: 8.5 million adults ages 18 years or older had diabetes but were undiagnosed (23% of adults with diabetes were undiagnosed).
    32. Among U.S. adults ages 18 years or older, 96 million—more than 1 in 3—had prediabetes in 2019.
      • 32.2 million adults ages 18 to 44 years old
      • 37.4 million adults ages 45 to 64 years old
      • 26.4 million adults ages 65 or older
    33. Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in 2015, with 79,535 people listing it as the underlying cause of death, and a total of 252,806 death certificates listing diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death.
    34. People with the type 1 form of diabetes have an autoimmune disorder and are unable to produce sufficient amounts of the hormone insulin, which is made by the pancreas; type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5% of all diabetes cases. The vast majority of Americans with diabetes have type 2 form of the disorder, in which the body does not manage its insulin levels correctly; type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. People are at risk for developing prediabetes or type 2 diabetes if they are overweight and age 45 or older, and physically active less than 3 times a week, or if they have a parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes.
    35. Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose (blood sugar) get into your body’s cells for use as energy With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. Diabetes can cause serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.
    36. The longer a person has diabetes, the more likely they are to have a stroke.
    37. Diabetes is a long-term condition that causes high blood sugar levels; approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1, for which the body does not produce insulin; the rest 90% are type 2, for which the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. The most common diabetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal, male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet.
    38. In the U.S. about 40 children a year die from heatstroke, either because they were left or became trapped in a car. That's about one child every 10 days killed in a hot car. There were over 940 child hot car deaths since 1998.
    39. In the U.S. around 80% of the population have received at least one dose, 68% got fully vaccinated, and 34% received a booster dose; however, as of 2/2023 the COVID pandemic is still killing more than 450 people per day — four times as many as die in auto accidents.
    40. LDL, known as "bad" cholesterol, should be under 130 for most people; 100 for people at high-risk; under 70 for those at the highest risk, such as those who have just survived a heart attack.
    41. Low levels of HDL (the “good” cholesterol) appear connected to many health risks, not just heart disease; LDL cholesterol reduction with drugs such as statins has been demonstrated to reduce cardiovascular risk. People with type-2 diabetes are more likely than the general population to develop cardiovascular disease and have lower levels of heart-protective HDL cholesterol. Exercise and a heart healthy diet are the way to go and might decrease some of the health risks seen in people with low HDL cholesterol levels.
    42. Cholesterol is assembled in the liver and released into the bloodstream, cholesterol and triglycerides form the core of all lipoproteins, triglyceride levels should be kept low; high density lipoproteins (HDL) are called good cholesterol, it removes cholesterol from the artery walls and the bloodstream; Low density lipoproteins (LDL) are considered bad cholesterol, it deposits cholesterol in the artery walls and begins the process of atherosclerosis; 20% Triglycerides + HDL + LDL = Total Cholesterol.
    43. One of major factors caused the cardiovascular disease is higher levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. Cholesterol and triglycerides are necessary for our life. While cholesterol is essential for body to work properly, triglycerides provide the fuel needed for body cells to function. Total cholesterol (TC) is an estimated measure bad cholesterol (LDL), good cholesterol (HDL) and triglycerides. TC = LDL + HDL + (Triglycerides/5). Goal: less than 200 mg/DL for TC. LDL, or bad cholesterol, carried cholesterol to tissues in your body. Higher levels of LDL in your blood mean that cholesterol is being stick to your artery walls. The arteries may develop a fatty buildup called atherosclerosis. Goal: less than 100 mg/dL for LDL. HDL, or good cholesterol, carried cholesterol away tissues in your body. Higher levels of HDL in your blood mean that cholesterol is being carried away from artery walls to the liver and then eliminated from the body. Goal: greater than 60 mg/dL for HDL. Triglycerides are another fatty substance in the blood. Higher levels of triglycerides in your blood mean larger thickening of the artery walls, which causes higher risk of stroke, heart attack and heart disease. Goal: less than 150 mg/dL for Triglycerides. Some commonly prescribed medications lowering your cholesterol are: Crestor, Lescol, Lipitor, Pravachol and Zocor.
    44. The first heart transplant and subsequent ongoing research in cardiac transplantation at the University of Cape Town's Groote Schuur Hospital, where Christiaan Barnard with his team performed the world’s first human-to-human heart transplant operation on 3 December 1967. The first heart transplant patient survived only 18 days, four of first 10 patients survived for more than one year, two living for 13 and 23 years. Forty-nine consecutive heterotopic heart transplants were performed in Cape Town between 1974 and 1983, with moderately good results for that era; three of the first five patients of this 49-patient group survived more than 10 years.
    45. Dr. Robert Jarvik implants a permanent artificial heart, the Jarvik 7, into retired dentist Barney Clark at the University of Utah on December 2, 1982. The heart, powered by an external compressor, keeps Dr. Clark alive for 112 days. The next several implantations of the Jarvik-7 heart were conducted by Humana, a large health care insurance company. The second patient, William J. Schroeder, survived 620 days.
    46. In 1953 Dr. John H. Gibbon (September 29, 1903 – February 5, 1973) an American surgeon, performs the first successful open heart surgery in which the blood is artificially circulated and oxygenated by a heart-lung machine. Dr. Gibbon died in 1973, ironically from a heart attack, while playing tennis.
    47. Dr. Norman Edward Shumway (February 9, 1923 – February 10, 2006) was a pioneer of heart surgery at Stanford University. Norman Shumway is widely regarded as the father of heart transplantation; he successfully transplants a heart into 54-year-old steelworker Mike Kasperak, who survives for 14 days in 1968.
    48. Dr. Bruce Reitz performed the first successful the world's first combined heart and lung transplant in a landmark in 1981 on Mary Gohlke at Stanford Hospital.
    49. Stroke is the number three killer in the US, affecting almost 800,000 people each year. Top risks for a stroke include high-fat diet, being single, being unhappy, being obese, smoking, and being born in the wrong demographic.
    50. There are three types of muscles in the human body: cardiac, smooth and skeletal. Cardiac muscle makes up the wall of the heart. Smooth muscles make up the walls of the intestine, the uterus, blood vessels, and internal muscles of the eye. Skeletal muscles are attached to the bones; contraction of the skeletal muscles helps limbs and other body parts move.
    51. The hardest working muscle is the heart. It pumps out 2 ounces (71 grams) of blood at every heartbeat. Daily the heart pumps at least 2,500 gallons (9,450 liters) of blood. The heart has the ability to beat over 3 billion times in a person’s life.
    52. About 500,000 heart stent procedures are performed each year in the United States, and the researchers estimate that about a fifth of those are for people with stable heart disease. Of those, about a quarter — or an estimated 23,000 procedures — are for people without any chest pain.
    53. While muscle pain is a possible side effect of taking a statin medication; however, researchers found that it’s uncommon, and most pain stems from something other than the cholesterol-lowering drug. About 25% of people reported muscle pain whether they took statins or not.
    54. A stent is placed in a weak artery to improve blood flow and help prevent the artery from bursting, but it is not better at preventing a heart attack or prolonging survival than lifestyle changes, such as exercising and taking statins to lower cholesterol.
    55. More than 400 million people have cardiovascular illness worldwide; about 18 million people around the world died from heart disease in 2015. Those diseases were highest in countries across sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, and eastern and central Europe. Central and eastern Europe also had high heart disease-driven death rates, alongside Iraq, Afghanistan and several island nations in the South Pacific. The lowest heart disease incidence was found in Singapore, Japan, South Korea, Chile and Argentina. Risk factors for heart disease, like high blood pressure, poor diet, high cholesterol, tobacco smoking, excessive alcohol use and obesity, are common throughout most of the world.
    56. Cardiovascular diseases (CDVs) are the number one cause of death worldwide and accounts for 30% of all deaths, more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause. An estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2016, representing 31% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% are due to heart attack and stroke. Over three quarters of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries. South Asians (from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka) with around 2 billion people comprise 60% of the world’s heart disease cases, even though they make up only a quarter of the planet’s population. Asian descent, a growing population of about 5.4 million, have disproportionately higher risk of stroke, heart attacks and other cardiovascular ailments that are not explained by widely known risk factors, such as high blood pressure, diabetes or smoking.
    57. Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by addressing behavioral risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol using population-wide strategies. A family history of early heart disease is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. Over time, unhealthy lifestyle habits increase higher risk of coronary heart disease because they can lead to plaque buildup in the heart’s blood vessels. These include being physically inactive, not getting enough good quality sleep, smoking tobacco or long-term exposure to secondhand smoke, stress, and unhealthy eating patterns.
    58. Coronary heart disease is a type of heart disease that develops when the arteries of the heart cannot deliver enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart. Coronary heart disease is often caused by the buildup of plaque, a waxy substance, inside the lining of larger coronary arteries. This buildup can partially or totally block blood flow in the large arteries of the heart. The risk of coronary heart disease goes up with the number of risk factors and how serious they are. Some risk factors such as high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol can be changed through heart-healthy lifestyle changes. Other risk factors, such as sex, older age, family history and genetics, and race and ethnicity, cannot be changed. The risk for coronary heart disease starts to increase around age 45 for men and 55 for women. People who deal with toxins, radiation, or other hazards, have a lot of stress at work, sit for long periods, work more than 55 hours a week, work long, irregular, or night shifts that affect their sleep, have at higher risk of coronary heart disease.
    59. Over 65% of patients who experience a myocardial infarction (heart attack) during or shortly after non-cardiac surgery do not have ischemic symptoms.
    60. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally; most cardiovascular disease affects older adults. Cardiovascular diseases caused 17.9 million deaths (32.1%) worldwide in 2015, up from 12.3 million (25.8%) in 1990. In the United States 11% of people between 20 and 40 have cardiovascular disease, while 37% between 40 and 60, 71% of people between 60 and 80, and 85% of people over 80 have cardiovascular disease. The average age of death from coronary artery disease in the developed world is around 80 while it is around 68 in the developing world.
    61. Cardiovascular disease onset is typically seven to ten years earlier in men as compared to women; cardiovascular disease symptoms may be different for men and women; men are more likely to have chest pain; women are more likely to have other symptoms along with chest discomfort, such as shortness of breath, nausea and extreme fatigue.
    62. There are many risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, which include age, gender, tobacco use, physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, obesity, genetic predisposition and family history of cardiovascular disease, raised blood pressure (hypertension), raised blood sugar (diabetes mellitus), raised blood cholesterol (hyperlipidemia), undiagnosed celiac disease, psychosocial factors, poverty and low educational status, and air pollution.
    63. Older people who take a low-dose aspirin (100 mg or less) daily may be 20 percent more likely to develop anemia than those who do not. Anemia develops when a person's blood produces a lower-than-normal amount of healthy red blood cells, which are needed to carry oxygen to tissues throughout the body. Anemia causes the lack of oxygen can make people feel tired or weak, shortness of breath, dizziness, headaches, or an irregular heartbeat. People often took low-dose aspirin, which can thin the blood and help prevent clots, in hopes of preventing a heart attack or stroke. However, taking low-dose aspirin is not effective for most people who have not already had a cardiovascular issue.
    64. Heart attacks are about three times more likely to occur in the morning, when blood pressure and platelet activity are typically at their highest levels. Taking a daily aspirin helps thin the blood and prevent platelets from clumping, lowering the likelihood of heart attacks and stroke. However, aspirin users were about 30 percent more likely to have a serious gastrointestinal bleeding event, a side effect of frequent aspirin use.
    65. A highly anticipated trial results show that invasive procedures, stents and bypass surgery are no more effective than drugs for stable heart disease, these should be used more sparingly in patients with stable heart disease and the decision to use them should be less rushed. The ability to implant stents using a catheter inserted through blood vessels in the arm or groin have been clearly demonstrated to save lives in people who are suffering from a heart attack; however, as heart medicines such as statins have improved, there has been active debate about whether stents and other invasive procedures are more effective for people who aren’t in the throes of a heart attack but have stable heart disease.
    66. Low cholesterol may help prevent cancer - Men with cholesterol levels lower than 200 have a lower risk of developing the the prostate cancer.
    67. Heart disease or cardiovascular disease (CDV), which affects more than 1 in 3 adults, is responsible for 35.3 percent of all deaths in the U.S. Today, the chance of dying in few days immediately after of a heart attack is around 6 percent. CDV deaths declined by 26.4 percent from 1995 to 2005. In 1994, it was about 10 percent. In 1984, it was 19 percent. In the 1960s, it was 30 to 40 percent. The lifetime risk of developing coronary artery disease after age 40 is more than 50 percent for men without symptoms.
    68. Cardiovascular disease (CDV) killed 864,480 American in 2005; 151,000 of CDV deaths were under age 65. 16.8 million Americans had a heath attack or angina; 6.5 million Americans had a stroke; 5.7 million live with heart failure; 309,000 Americans died from sudden heart attack.
    69. About 6 million people each year go to hospitals with chest pain; however, only a small fraction are truly having a heart attack. CT scans are increasingly used to diagnose heart attack, but they put out a lot of radiation, which may raise a person's chances of developing cancer.
    70. About 10,000 blood centers in 168 countries report collecting a total of 108 million blood donations globally, of which around 50% is collected in the high-income countries, home to 18% of the world’s population.
    71. As per American Heart Association, 1,314,000 angioplasties, in which a plastic catheter is snaked into the blocked artery and a small balloon is inflated, opening the vessel, were done in the United States in 2006. Of these 1,313,000 were percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs).  855,000 men and 459,000 women had angioplasties. 448,000 cardiac revascularizations (also known as coronary artery bypass graft or CABG operations) were done in the United States in 2006. CABG was performed on 323,000 men and 125,000 women. In 2007, American cardiologists performed 721,000 angioplasties. Patients were often given out of the hospital a year of clopidogrel (Plavix) and a life time of stain, ACE inhibitor, beta blockers and aspirin. The cost of a heart attack treatment was about $5,700 in 1977 to $54,400 in 2007.
    72. Heart disease is the number one killer of American of all ages while cancer is the number one killer of Americans under 85. 46% of women and 22% of men heart attack survivors will be disabled with heart failure within six years. 435,000 American women have heart attacks annually; 42% die within 1 year; which kill six times as many women as breast cancer.
    73. The liver (located in the upper abdomen near the stomach, intestines, gallbladder, and pancreas), is essential for digesting food and ridding the body of toxic substances. It performs storing nutrients, removing waste products and worn-out cells from the blood, filtering and processing chemicals in food, alcohol, and medications, and producing bile that helps digest fats and eliminates waste products.
    74. A liver hemangioma is a noncancerous (benign) mass in the liver made up of a tangle of blood vessels; these lumps, which consist of blood vessels and are usually harmless, are common and are estimated to occur in up to 20% of the population. An estimated 5% of American adults have small liver hemangiomas that cause no symptoms and do not need treatment; larger hemangiomas can cause pain or discomfort.
    75. The signs of liver disease (may not be liver cancer) may include abdominal pain and swelling, skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice), swelling in the legs and ankles, itchy skin, dark urine color, pale stool color, chronic fatigue, nausea or vomiting, loss of appetite, and/or tendency to bruise easily.
    76. Liver cancer is the 6th most common cancer in the world, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 90% of primary liver cancer cases. This type of cancer occurs more often in men than women, and is usually diagnosed in people age 50 or older. Almost any cancer, such as, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, melanoma, pancreatic cancer, and stomach cancer, can spread to the liver.
    77. Most cases of liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), occur in people who already have signs and symptoms of chronic liver disease, such as cirrhosis caused by hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection. The risk of HCC for people with type 2 diabetes is greater (from 2.5 to 7.1 times the non-diabetic risk) depending on the duration of diabetes and treatment protocol. HCC often doesn’t show symptoms until the advanced stages of the disease, but some people may experience abdominal pain or tenderness, easy bruising or bleeding, enlarged abdomen, unexplained weight loss, and jaundice. HCC remains associated with a high mortality rate, in part related to initial diagnosis commonly at an advanced stage of disease.
    78. Globally, each year over 750,000 people are diagnosed with liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), most often in late stages of the disease. Almost 50% of all cases are diagnosed in China in large part due to the prevalence of hepatitis B and C, fatty foods and obesity, alcohol, and aflatoxin (a carcinogenic mould found in contaminated food, especially rice). There are limited treatments available for people across all stages of liver cancer, and even less if diagnosed at the advanced stage. Despite the high prevalence of HCC, people with the disease still have few options and a low survival rate. In fact, less than 50% of people diagnosed with advanced HCC will survive more than a year after diagnosis. Treatments currently available across different stages of the disease include surgery to remove masses, radiation, liver transplant, transarterial chemoembolisation, chemotherapy, freezing or heating the cancer cells, and tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
    79. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Many cancers can be prevented by not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, not drinking too much alcohol, eating plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains, vaccination against certain infectious diseases, not eating too much processed and red meat, and avoiding too much sunlight exposure. Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths, Another 10% is due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity and drinking alcohol. Other factors include certain infections, exposure to ionizing radiation and environmental pollutants.
    80. The most common types of cancer in males are lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer and stomach cancer. In females, the most common types are breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer and cervical cancer. Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and was responsible for 8.8 million deaths in 2015. Globally, nearly 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer. Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.
    81. In the U.S., each year there are about 56,000 new cases of thyroid cancer, and the majority of those diagnoses are papillary thyroid cancer — the most common type of thyroid cancer. Some thyroid cancer signs and symptoms include a hoarse voice, neck pain, and enlarged lymph nodes. Although as much as 75% of the population will have thyroid nodules, the vast majority are benign. Thyroid cancer can occur in any age group and its aggressiveness increases significantly in older patients. Females are more likely to have thyroid cancer at a ratio of 3:1. Fewer than 1% of all thyroid nodules are malignant (cancerous). A nodule that is cold on scan is more likely to be malignant. However, the majority of these are benign as well.
    82. Thyroid cancer does not always cause symptoms; often, the first sign of thyroid cancer is a thyroid nodule. Most thyroid cancers are very curable. In fact, the most common types of thyroid cancer (papillary and follicular thyroid cancer) are the most curable. In younger patients, both papillary and follicular cancers have a more than 97% cure rate if treated appropriately.
    83. Cancer has a major impact on society in the U.S. and across the world. People who have cancer may have questions about how serious their cancer is and the chances of survival. The answer depends on the type of cancer, the stage of the cancer, cancer's grade, age, how healthy they are, and how they respond to treatment. The period of time may be 1 year, 2 years, 5 years, etc. In the U.S. the average number of new cases of cancer is 440 per 100,000 men and woman per year, and the average number of cancer deaths is 163.5 per 100,000 people. In 2018, there were around 1,735,350 new cases of cancer, and 609,640 people died from the disease. In 2017, there were 15,270 children and adolescents ages 1 to 19 were diagnosed with cancer and 1,790 died of the disease. Understanding of cancer prognosis is important. The most common cancers:
    84. Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Signs and symptoms usually depend on the size and type of cancer.
      • Breast cancer: Lump in breast and axilla associated with or without ulceration or bloody nipple discharge
      • Endometrial cancer: Bleeding per vagina.
      • Cervix cancer: Bleeding after sexual intercourse.
      • Ovarian cancer: Nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal distension, dyspepsia.
      • Lung cancer: Persistent cough, breathlessness, blood in the sputum, hoarseness of voice.
      • Head and neck cancer: Non-healing ulcer or growth, lump in the neck.
      • Brain cancer: Persistent headache, vomiting, loss of consciousness, double vision.
      • Thyroid cancer: Lump in the neck.
      • Oesophageal cancer: Painful swallowing predominantly with solid food, weight loss.
      • Stomach cancer: Vomiting, dyspepsia, weight loss.
      • Colon & rectal cancer: Bleeding per rectum, alteration of bowel habits.
      • Liver cancer: Jaundice, pain and mass in right upper abdomen.
      • Pancreatic cancer: Weight loss, jaundice.
      • Skin cancer: Non-healing ulcer or growth, mole with sudden increase in size or irregular border, induration, or pain.
      • Kidney cancer: Blood in urine, abdominal lump.
      • Bladder cancer: Blood in urine.
      • Prostate cancer: Urgency, hesitancy and frequency while passing urine, bony pain.
      • Testis cancer: Swelling of testis, back pain, dyspnoea.
      • Bone cancer: Pain and swelling of bones.
      • Lymphoma: Fever, weight loss more than 10% body weight in preceding 6 months and drenching night sweats which constitutes the B symptoms, lump in neck, axilla or groin.
      • Blood cancer: Bleeding manifestations including bleeding gums, bleeding from nose, blood in vomitus, blood in sputum, blood stained urine, black coloured stools, fever, lump in neck, axilla, or groin, lump in upper abdomen.
    85. Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, or a red scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death among women; around 246,660 American women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year and over 40,000 die annually. Breast cancer in men is rare; however, around 2,600 American men were diagnosed with breast cancer each year and approximately 440 died annually.
    86. Breast cancer survivors who take aspirin regularly may be less likely to die or have their cancer return. Aspirin has relatively benign adverse effects compared with cancer chemotherapeutic drugs and may also prevent colon cancer, cardiovascular disease, and stroke.
    87. Breast cancer cases could be avoided if you ate less and exercised more.
    88. Cancer is a collection of related diseases in which some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Different cancers can require different treatments, like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy. There are many types of cancer, breast cancer, lung and bronchus cancer, prostate cancer, colon and rectum cancer, melanoma of the skin, bladder cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kidney cancer, renal pelvis cancer, endometrial cancer, leukemia, pancreatic cancer, thyroid cancer, and liver cancer are the most common cancers. There is an estimated 1,740,000 new cases of cancer each year in the United States and around 610,000 people die from the disease.
    89. There are a number of cancer symptoms that men are likely to ignore. These include upset stomach or stomachache; chronic "acid stomach" or feeling full after a small meal; unexplained weight loss; jaundice; wheezing or shortness of breath; chronic cough or chest pain; frequent fevers or infections; difficulty swallowing; chronic heartburn; swelling of facial features; swollen lymph nodes or lumps on the neck; underarm, or groin, excessive bruising or bleeding that doesn't stop; weakness and fatigue; rectal bleeding or blood in stool; bowel problems; difficulty urinating or changes in flow; pain or burning during urination; blood in urine or semen; erection problems; pain, aching, or heaviness in the groin, hips, thighs, or abdomen; testicular swelling or lump; unexplained back pain; scaly or painful nipple or chest, nipple discharge; a sore or skin lump that doesn't heal, becomes crusty, or bleeds easily; and changes in nails.
    90. There are a number of cancer symptoms women are likely to ignore. These include wheezing or shortness of breath; chronic cough or chest pain; swallowing problems or hoarseness; frequent fevers or infections swollen lymph nodes or lumps on the neck, underarm, or groin; bloating or abdominal weight gain -- the "my jeans don't fit" syndrome; feeling full and unable to eat; pelvic or abdominal pain; unusually heavy or painful periods or bleeding between periods; rectal bleeding or blood in stool; upset stomach or stomachache; a red, sore, or swollen breast; nipple changes; excessive bruising or bleeding that doesn't stop; weakness and fatigue; unexplained weight loss; swelling of facial features; a sore or skin lump that doesn't heal, becomes crusty, or bleeds easily; changes in nails; and pain in the back or lower right side.
    91. Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. The most common symptoms are coughing (including coughing up blood), weight loss, shortness of breath, and chest pains.
    92. The vast majority (85%) of cases of lung cancer are due to long-term tobacco smoking. More than half of people with lung cancer die within one year of being diagnosed. The lung cancer five-year survival rate (18%) is lower than many other leading cancer types, such as the colon (65%), breast (90%) and prostate (99%). The five-year survival rate for lung cancer is 55% for cases detected when the disease is still localized (within the lungs). However, only 16% of lung cancer cases are diagnosed at an early stage. For distant tumors (spread to other organs) the five-year survival rate is only 4%. Lung cancer occurred in around 1.8 million people globally and resulted in approximate 1.6 million deaths annually.
    93. There are around 415,000 Americans living with lung cancer today, and approximately 158,080 die annually. The age-adjusted death rate for lung cancer is higher for men (51.7 per 100,000 persons) than for women (34.7 per 100,000 persons).
    94. Lung, liver, stomach, colorectal and breast cancers cause the most cancer deaths each year worldwide, accounting for 8.2 million deaths in 2012; about 30% of cancer deaths are due to high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, tobacco use, alcohol use.
    95. When cancer cells spread from one organ to another, they are called metastases. Cancer from other organs also may spread to the lungs. When cancer starts in the lungs, it is called lung cancer. Lung cancer begins in the lungs and may spread to lymph nodes or other organs in the body, such as the brain.
    96. The two main types of lung cancer are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. These categories refer to what the cancer cells look like under a microscope. Non-small cell lung cancer is more common than small cell lung cancer. People with non-small cell lung cancer can be treated with surgery (an operation where doctors cut out cancer tissue), chemotherapy (using special medicines to shrink or kill the cancer), radiation therapy (using high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to kill the cancer), targeted therapy (using drugs to block the growth and spread of cancer cells), or a combination of these treatments. People with small cell lung cancer are usually treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
    97. Doctors from different specialties often work together to treat lung cancer. Pulmonologists are doctors who are experts in diseases of the lungs. Surgeons are doctors who perform operations. Thoracic surgeons specialize in chest, heart, and lung surgery. Medical oncologists are doctors who treat cancer with medicines. Radiation oncologists are doctors who treat cancers with radiation.
    98. The most common types of cancer that kill men are lung cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer, and oesophagus cancer.
    99. The most common types of cancer that kill women are breast cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, and cervical cancer; breast, cervical and colorectal cancer can be cured if detected early and treated adequately.
    100. The lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer in the U.S. is: about 1 in 21 (4.7%) for men and 1 in 23 (4.4%) for women.
    101. Most colorectal cancers start as growths in the colon or rectum called polyps. But some screening tests allow doctors to find and remove polyps before they turn into cancer.
    102. Leukemia, a cancer of the blood cells, not only causes the overproduction of white blood cells, which help your body fight infection, but also reduces red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all parts of your body.
    103. Cancers that are most common in children ages 0-14 are acute lymphocytic leukemia (26%), brain and central nervous system (CNS) (21%), neuroblastoma (7%), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (6%).
    104. There are 7.6 million people died of cancer annually - 13% of all deaths worldwide. Lung (1.37 million deaths), stomach (736,000 deaths), liver (695,000 deaths), colorectal/colon (608,000 deaths), breast (458 000 deaths), and cervical cancer (275,000 deaths) caused the most cancer deaths.
    105. The most common types of cancer that kill men are lung, stomach, liver, colorectal and oesophagus and the most common types of cancer that kill women are breast, lung, stomach, colorectal and cervical.
    106. The most common cancers among adolescents ages 15-19 are Hodgkin lymphoma (15%), thyroid carcinoma (11%), brain and central nervous system (CNS) (10%), and testicular germ cell tumors (8%).
    107. The death rate for cervical cancer dropped by 70% between 1955 and 1992 as early detection and screening became more prevalent.
    108. Colon cancer patients may live longer by taking aspirin.
    109. The radiation from a CT scan can increase a child’s cancer risk.
    110. The brain cancer symptoms may include headaches, seizures, problem with vision, vomiting, and mental changes. Around 87,000 Americans are diagnosed annually with brain cancer and the median age at diagnosis is 60. An estimated 700,000 Americans are living with a primary brain tumor, of which 69% tumors are benign and 30% tumors are malignant. The average survival rate for all malignant brain tumor patients is 35%.
    111. Brain tumor or intracranial neoplasm occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain. There are two main types of tumors: malignant or cancerous tumors and benign tumors. Cancerous tumors can be divided into primary tumors that start within the brain, and secondary tumors that have spread from somewhere else, known as brain metastasis tumors. Secondary or metastatic brain tumors are more common than primary brain tumors with about half of metastases coming from lung cancer. A benign tumor is a mass of cells (tumor) that lacks the ability to invade neighboring tissue or metastasize. Primary brain tumors occur in around 250,000 people a year globally; there are around 689,000 Americans having brain tumor, and approximately 78,000 people are diagnosed annually. Brain tumors have the highest per-patient initial cost of care (around $100,000) for any cancer group.
    112. Brain tumors can be deadly, significantly impact quality of life. A tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue that has formed a lump; it’s called a benign tumor if it grows slowly and is self-limiting. Benign tumors need no treatment, but they can become dangerous if they grow large enough to press on vital organs, blood vessels or nerves. A malignant or cancerous tumor, is innately dangerous because its cells can divide uncontrollably and produce virtually immortal daughter cells.
    113. On average, in the first few months of 2023, about 450 people in the U.S. have been dying each day of COVID-19, in 2021 roughly 3,200 Americans died each day when the Omicron variant was ripping through the country; however, the daily average of COVID-19 deaths was higher than it was in 12/2022, when roughly 250 Americans were losing their lives each day to the virus.
    114. Since the coronavirus first emerged in Wuhan, China, in 2019, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University, it has killed more than 487,000,000 people as of October 2021, and more than 239 million cases have been reported. In September 2021, the U.S. death toll surpassed 700,000, and has continued to have the highest cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths globally. India has accounted for about 1 in 3 of all new confirmed cases, and in May 2021 it set records for the number of new daily deaths with more than 4,500 deaths from COVID-19 reported in a single 24-hour period. The COVID-19 vaccines were developed and rolled out at record speed, billions of doses have been administered around the world, and studies show most have impressive efficacy. China now leads the world in the number of vaccine doses given out, though some other nations have vaccinated a greater share of their population.
    115. In the United States around 221 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine have been dispensed as of September 2021, compared with about 150 million doses of Moderna’s vaccine. The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines rely on the same mRNA platform, and in the initial clinical trials, they had remarkably similar efficacy against symptomatic infection: 95 percent for Pfizer-BioNTech and 94 percent for Moderna. A research conducted by the New England Journal of Medicine, found that the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine had an effectiveness of 88.8 percent, compared with Moderna’s 96.3 percent. A study published by the CDC found that the efficacy of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine against hospitalization fell from 91 percent to 77 percent after a four-month period following the second shot; the Moderna vaccine showed no decline over the same period.
    116. A study backed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), vaccines for COVID-19 and influenza may slightly increase the risk of strokes caused by blood clots in the brains of older adults, particularly when these two vaccines are given at the same time to senior who are age 85 and older at the same time.
    117. People with a disability (e.g., asthma, chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes) are twice as likely to report having long COVID than those without. These adults have long COVID-19 symptoms, including fatigue, gastrointestinal issues, rapid heartbeat, memory loss, cough, chest pain, skin rashes, difficulty exercising, anxiety, trouble sleeping, depression, trouble focusing, dizziness, that lasted three months or longer.
    118. The first COVID-19 vaccines began rolling out less than a year into the pandemic. While vaccine development typically has 5 steps (clinical trials phase 1, phase 2 and phase 3, regulatory approval and manufacturing), and takes one step at a time, which requires 5 years to 15 years to complete, COVID-19 vaccines development has multiple steps happening at once and only takes between 1 year to 2 years for completion. But the COVID-19 vaccines have been held to the same safety standards as any other vaccine — and rigorous clinical trials have proven that they’re safe and effective. Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen, and Oxford Astrazeneca were approved COVID-19 vaccines for use in the US. Studies show that these COVID-19 vaccines are effective at keeping people from getting COVID-19. The other COVID-19 vaccines that do not properly follow the vaccine development procedures, such as Sinovac and Sinopharm, were also recommended for emergency use by WHO Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE).
    119. Around 80% of people with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) recovered without needing any specialist treatment. For these people, this new coronavirus caused mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough, that clear up in 2 to 3 weeks. For some people, especially older adults (65 years and older) and people with existing health problems or serious underlying medical conditions (e.g.; chronic lung disease, asthma, heart conditions, cancer, diabetes, renal failure, and liver disease) might be at higher risk for pneumonia and death from COVID-19.
    120. Some 86% of people with mild cases of COVID-19 lose their sense of smell and taste but recover it within six months, according to a study of more than 2,500 patients from 18 European hospitals.
    121. Only about 1 in 6 people who get COVID-19, becomes serious ill and develops difficulty breathing, almost all serious consequences of COVID-19 feature pneumonia. As of 5/14/2020, globally there were over 4,437,442 coronavirus cases and around 301,937 deaths. As of 4/20/2021 the number of deaths from COVID-19 has passed 3 million worldwide, according to John Hopkins University; there have been over 141 million confirmed cases since the pandemic began, with the US, India, and Brazil recording the most infections and over a million deaths between them. The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
    122. During the coronavirus (COVID-19) disease pandemic, some U.S. healthcare officials advised that Americans should not be walking around with masks in public because they can increase their risk of getting coronavirus by wearing a mask if they are not a health care provider. There is no evidence for the claim that masks increase users’ risk of catching the coronavirus. The CDC’s written guidance does not suggest that wearing a mask could increase the risk of catching the virus. A number of Asian countries, such as Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Vietnam, where mask use is mandatory, have reported lower levels of COVID-19 infection than the U.S. had. The reasons have emerged to doubt the wisdom of the guidance, and as a result, after there were over 242,180 coronavirus cases and 5,850+ deaths in the U.S., on April 2, 2020 the CDC revised its guidance that officially advises people to wear masks in public to prevent catching the coronavirus (COVID-19).
    123. A new mysterious, pneumonia-like virus that originated in China in December 2019 spreads through close person-to-person contact. Each infected person seems to spread the virus to about two others, through coughing or sneezing or by leaving germs on a surface that is touched by non-infected people who touch their faces. Coronaviruses range from the common cold to more-severe diseases such as SARS and Middle East respiratory syndrome, or MERS. Some coronaviruses, including this new COVID-19, can cause severe symptoms and illnesses, including pneumonia. New COVID-19 illness, patient experienced a range of symptoms including fever (95%), cough (dried: 67.7% or wet: 33.3%), headache (13.6%), fatigue (less than 10%), sore throat (13.9%), nausea (less than 3%), vomiting (less than 3%), diarrhea (less than 3%) and runny nose (less than 5%). It seems to start with a fever, followed by a dry cough and then, after a week, leads to shortness of breath (18.6%). In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
    124. Most humans fall into one of four blood groups, A, B, AB or O, and the most common blood groups are O and A. A recent study showed that people with blood type O may be less vulnerable to Covid-19 and have a reduced likelihood of getting severely ill, and people with blood types A, B, or AB may be more likely to be infected with COVID-19 than people with blood type O. The New England Journal of Medicine in June, found genetic data in some Covid-19 patients and healthy people suggesting that those with Type A blood had a higher risk of becoming infected, and those with type O blood were at a lower risk. People with blood groups A may be more likely to require mechanical ventilation, and appear to exhibit greater COVID-19 disease severity than people with blood groups O or B.
    125. SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)/SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) virus identified in 2003 is thought to be an animal virus from an as-yet-uncertain animal reservoir, perhaps bats, that spread to other animals (civet cats) and first infected humans in the Guangdong province of southern China in 2002. Symptoms are influenza-like and include fever, malaise, myalgia, headache, diarrhea, and shivering (rigors). This epidemic of SARS affected 26 countries and resulted in infecting more than 8,000 people and killing nearly 800 in 2003 during the eight-month outbreak. Transmission of SARS-CoV is primarily from person to person. It appears to have occurred mainly during the second week of illness, which corresponds to the peak of virus excretion in respiratory secretions and stool, and when cases with severe disease start to deteriorate clinically.
    126. Around 60 million people died by the Spanish flu of 1918-’19; as many as 16 million people may have died in India alone. The Asian flu (H2N2) pandemic of 1957-’58 killed 69,800 people in the US and two million worldwide. Another avian strain (H3N2), known as the Hong Kong flu, killed 33,800 people in the US and 700,000 worldwide in 1968-’69.
    127. About 300 people around the world were infected by that strain of avian flu (H5N1, also SARS) in 2003 and more than half of them died. As of July 6, 2009, Novel influenza A (H1N1) has infected 94,512 people and killed 429 in 84 countries, of which, there were 33,902 cases, 170 deaths in the U.S. There are approximately 226,000 people are hospitalized each year due to seasonal influenza and 36,000 died in the U.S. As many as 80 million Americans have been infected with H1N1 swine flu, up to 16,000 have been killed and more than 360,000 hospitalized in the U.S. as of 1/15/2010.
    128. The 1918 flu (Influenza Epidemic) pandemic killed 675,000 Americans and 50 million worldwide — some 2 percent of the world’s population at the time; the current state of flu deaths have an estimated 36,000 annually.
    129. In 1748, Jacques Daviel (11 August 1696 – 30 September 1762), a French ophthalmologist, was the first modern European physician to successfully extract cataracts from the eye. In the 1940s Harold Ridley (10 July 1906 – 25 May 2001), an English ophthalmologist, invented the intraocular lens and pioneered intraocular lens surgery for cataract patients, he introduced the concept of implantation of the intraocular lens which permitted more efficient and comfortable visual rehabilitation possible after cataract surgery.
    130. Cataracts are most commonly due to aging, but may also occur due to trauma, radiation exposure, be present from birth, occur following eye surgery, having diabetes, smoking tobacco, or prolonged exposure to sunlight, and alcohol. About 20 million people globally are blind due to cataracts. Cataract removal/surgery is one of the most common operations performed in the United States. It also is one of the safest and most effective types of surgery. In about 90 percent of cases, people who have cataract surgery have better vision afterward.
    131. Cataract surgery (or lens replacement surgery) is the removal of the natural lens of the eye (also called "crystalline lens") that has developed an opacification, which is referred to as a cataract, and its replacement with an intraocular lens. Metabolic changes of the crystalline lens fibers over time lead to the development of the cataract, causing impairment or loss of vision. During cataract surgery, a patient's cloudy natural cataract lens is removed, either by emulsification in place or by cutting it out. An artificial intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted in its place. Over 90% of cataract operations are successful in restoring useful vision, with a low complication rate. Day care, high volume, minimally invasive, small incision phacoemulsification with quick post-op recovery has become the standard of care in cataract surgery all over the world.
    132. The Argus II Retinal Prosthesis System (“Argus II”) is the world’s first approved device intended to restore some functional vision for people suffering from blindness. Argus II is approved for use in the United States and the European Economic Area.
    133. In 2010, there were about 285 million people visually impaired, of whom 39 million were blind; around 82% of people with blindness are over 50 years old and 90% of visually impaired people live in low- and middle-income countries
    134. Early intervention for symptoms associated with autism spectrum disorder is critical for helping families improve outcomes for their children. Children diagnosed with developmental disorders should be identified as children with special health care needs, and chronic-condition management should be initiated. Specific autism screenings are recommended at the same time as typical well-child visits from infancy through school age, and at any age thereafter. Developmental surveillance should be performed if concerns are raised about social acceptance, learning, or behavior. Developmental evaluation is required whenever a child fails to meet any of the following milestones: babbling by 12 months; gesturing (e.g., pointing, waving bye-bye) by 12 months; single words by 16 months; two-word spontaneous (not just echolalic) phrases by 24 months; loss of any language or social skills at any age.
    135. There is inadequate evidence to recommend an electroencephalogram study in all individuals with autism. Reflecting social communication, ADHD, anxiety, food selectivity, and sleeping disorders could provide early signs of autism. Eating and sleeping issues can be identified long before autism is diagnosed. Some children with more typical language skills may not be identified until they enter school and social requirements are greater.
    136. Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior. As of 2010 the rate of autism is estimated at about 1–2 per 1,000 people worldwide, and it occurs four to five times more often in boys than girls; about 1.5% of children in the United States (one in 68) are diagnosed with autism as of 2014, a 30% increase from one in 88 in 2012; around 1 in 100 children in the United Kingdom has autism in 2014. There is no cure for autism; about 20 to 30 percent of children with autism develop epilepsy by the time they reach adulthood.
    137. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. Although autism can be diagnosed at any age, it is said to be a “developmental disorder” because symptoms generally appear in the first two years of life. About 1 in every 68 U.S. children is affected by a ASD. The causes for this increased incidence are not completely understood though a possible connection to childhood vaccines (which has been resoundingly rejected by rigorous scientific studies). Although scientists are still trying to understand why some people develop ASD and others don’t, some risk factors include the child has very low birth weight, a sibling with ASD, older parents, and certain genetic conditions. People with ASD have difficulty with communication and interaction with other people, restricted interests and repetitive behaviors, and symptoms that hurt the person’s ability to function properly in school, work, and other areas of life.
    138. More than 5 million Americans (3.2 million are women and 1.8 million are men) are living with Alzheimer’s disease, and approximate 500,000 people died each year because of this disease.
    139. Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. In most people with Alzheimer’s, symptoms first appear in their mid-60s; more than 5 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease and around 93,500 people died annually (rank #: 7). The time from diagnosis to death varies — as little as 3 or 4 years if the person is older than 80 when diagnosed to as long as 10 or more years if the person is younger.
    140. Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia, a general term for memory loss and other cognitive abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life. People with Alzheimer’s have trouble doing everyday things like driving a car, cooking a meal, or paying bills. They may ask the same questions over and over, get lost easily, lose things or put them in odd places, and find even simple things confusing. As the disease progresses, some people become worried, angry, or violent. One in 9 people over age 65 and nearly half of people over 85 have Alzheimer's disease. Of the 5.4 million Americans with Alzheimer's, an estimated 5.2 million people are age 65 and older, and approximately 200,000 people are under age 65.
    141. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia among older adults. Alzheimer's disease and changes in a person's sleeping behavior were linked, people who develop Alzheimer's show changes in sleep years before their memory begins to decline. Memory problems are typically one of the first signs of Alzheimer’s, though initial symptoms may vary from person to person. A decline in other aspects of thinking, such as finding the right words, vision/spatial issues, and impaired reasoning or judgment, may also signal the very early stages of Alzheimer’s disease.
    142. Postpartum depression (PPD), also called postnatal depression, is a type of mood disorder associated with childbirth, which can affect both sexes. Postnatal depression is a type of depression that many parents experience after having a baby; it's a common problem, affecting more than 1 in every 10 women within a year of giving birth, and one in 20 fathers experienced postnatal depression in the weeks after their child was born. A girl is more at risk of developing mental health problems if her father has experienced postnatal depression. Symptoms may include extreme sadness, low energy, anxiety, crying episodes, irritability, and changes in sleeping or eating patterns.
    143. Tinnitus is the perception of noise (heard can be soft or loud) or ringing in the ears, and it occurs when there is no outside source of the sounds. It may also sound like blowing, roaring, buzzing, hissing, humming, whistling, or sizzling. A common problem, tinnitus affects about 1 in 5 people. Almost everyone notices a mild form of tinnitus once in a while. It only lasts a few minutes; however, constant or recurring tinnitus is stressful and makes it harder to focus or sleep.
    144. Tinnitus is often more noticeable at night because surroundings are quieter. To make tinnitus less irritating, try to relax, get enough rest, and avoid loud places and sounds, and things that may make tinnitus worse, such as caffeine, alcohol, and smoking. If these are not helpful, it may be a symptom of an underlying condition, such as age-related hearing loss, ear injury, or a circulatory system disorder, high blood pressure, an allergy, or anemia (in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells). In rare cases, tinnitus is a sign of a serious problem, such as a tumor or aneurysm. Other risk factors for tinnitus include temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ), diabetes, thyroid problems, obesity, and head injury.
    145. Around 12% of married women have trouble getting pregnant or sustaining a pregnancy. The chance of having a child is much higher for women younger than 35 years and men younger than 40 years than for older women and men. A couple ages 29-33 has a 20-25% chance of conceiving in any given month; after six months of trying, 60% of couples will conceive without any medical assistance. As women get older, it takes longer to conceive and the chance of having a baby decreases; the chance of pregnancy for a women at age 30 is around 20 percent, and by age 40, the chance is around 5 percent.
    146. The longest recorded pregnancy was 375 days (instead of the normal 280), the oldest recorded woman to have a baby was 66 years old, who gave birth by caesarean section to twin boys; 13% of women received infertility services in their lifetime.
    147. Fecal Microbiota Transplantations (FMTs) or "poop transplants" work as well as antibiotics to treat a common and deadly cause of diarrhea; this was a small trial, but the initial results showed that fecal microbiota transplantation may be an alternative to antibiotic therapy in primary C. difficile infection, which kills 29,000 Americans a year and makes 450,000 sick in the U.S. alone.
    148. Women ages 40 to 44 had 114,730 of the 3.8 million babies born in 2017, women 45 and older had 9,325. When women undergo in vitro fertilization with their own eggs, the chance of having a baby in each attempt falls from 41.5% before age 35 to 12.4% at ages 41–42. After age 44, the success rate is just 1%, which is why the vast majority of women who have babies after that age using eggs from younger donors.
    149. During 2013–2016, 8.1% of American adults aged 20 and over had depression in a given 2-week period. Women (10.4%) were almost twice as likely as were men (5.5%) to have had depression. Depression was lower among non-Hispanic Asian adults (3.1%), compared with Hispanic (8.2%), non-Hispanic black (9.2%), or non-Hispanic white (7.9%) adults.
    150. Depression is a serious medical condition that makes you feel restless, irritable, sad, anxious, numb, hopeless, shame, guilt, worthlessness, and powerlessness. It makes you lose interest in activities, hobbies, appetite and drastic changes in weight, and have little energy and feeling fatigued, trouble sleeping or sleeping too much, and physical problems, such as headaches, stomachaches, and back pain. Depression, stress and anxiety have been linked to memory problems, such as forgetfulness or confusion; it can make you difficult to focus on work and tasks, make decisions, or think clearly. About 30.0% of American adults with depression reported moderate or extreme difficulty with work, home, or social activities because of their depression symptoms. About a quarter of suicides in the US are felt to be due to undiagnosed, or misdiagnosed major depression.
    151. Urine is made up of excess water and waste products that have been filtered by kidneys from the body. Its natural light yellow color is due to excretion of a pigment found in your blood called urochrome. If you are healthy, the color should be a pale yellow to gold. Normal urine color varies, depending on how much water you drink. Fluids dilute the yellow pigments in urine, so the more you drink, the clearer your urine looks; when you drink less, the color becomes more dark or yellow. Most people need to empty their urine up to eight times a day; pregnant women and older people usually have to go more often than others.
    152. If you notice you suddenly have to pee more often than usual, though, it could be a sign of a health problem like a urinary tract infections (UIT), diabetes, an enlarged prostate in men, vaginitis in women, or a problem with the wall of your bladder called interstitial cystitis.
      • Urine can turn colors far beyond what's normal, including bloody/red/pink, blue, green, dark brown and cloudy white.
      • Bloody urine is common in urinary tract infections (UIT) and kidney stones. These problems usually cause pain; painless bleeding might signal a more-serious problem, such as cancer. Red or pink urine can be caused by (1) diseases, such as urinary track infections, enlarged prostate, kidney cysts, and kidney or bladder stones; (2) foods, such as beets, blackberries and rhubarb); and (3) medications, such as Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) used to treat tuberculosis, and phenazopyridine (Pyridium - a drug that numbs urinary tract discomfort), and laxatives containing senna. Red or pink color can also be caused by your long-distance running.
      • Orange urine can result from medications, such as anti-inflammatory drug sulfasalazine (Azulfidine); phenazopyridine (Pyridium); some laxatives; and certain chemotherapy drugs. Orange urine along with light-colored stools can indicate the liver disease or bile duct. If your urine is dark or orange along with pale stools and yellow skin and eyes, your liver might be malfunctioning.
      • Blue or green urine can be caused by (1) colored food dyes and dyes used for some tests of kidney and bladder function; (2) medications, such as amitriptyline, indomethacin (Indocin, Tivorbex) and propofol (Diprivan); and (3) medical conditions, such as familial benign hypercalcemia, and UIT caused by pseudomonas bacteria.
      • Brown urine can result from (1) food, such as fava beans, rhubarb or aloe; (2) medications, such as antimalarial drugs chloroquine and primaquine, antibiotics metronidazole (Flagyl) and nitrofurantoin (Furadantin), laxatives containing cascara or senna, and methocarbamol — a muscle relaxant; and (3) medical conditions, such as liver and kidney disorders, kidney damage and urinary tract infections; and extreme exercise that leads to muscle injury.
      • Cloudy white urine can be caused by urinary tract infections and kidney stones.
    153. Few kidney diseases are known to be caused by direct viral infection of renal parenchymal cells. A kidney infection happens when bacteria or viruses get into kidneys; some kidney-tropic viruses, including the polyomaviruses BK and JC and the herpesvirus CMV, are common in the general population world-wide. Dialysis fills the vital roles the kidneys play, cleaning the blood of toxins, balancing essential components including electrolytes, keeping blood pressure in check and removing excess fluids. It can be a temporary measure while the kidneys recover, or it can be used long-term if they do not. Another unknown is whether the kidney damage caused by the virus is permanent.
    154. There are approximately 7,000 different types of rare diseases, with more being discovered each day and disorders; it is estimated that 350 million people worldwide suffer from rare diseases. and approximately 50% of these people are children. Rare diseases affect nearly 30 million Americans, but they’re difficult to diagnose, and treatment isn't always available, only 5% of rare diseases have FDA approved drug treatment.
    155. Mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos, which is a mineral that was used in the United States. Mesothelioma is diagnosed in approximately 2,500 Americans each year with a life expectancy of twelve months to eighteen months from the time of diagnosis. There are four types of mesothelioma: pleural, peritoneal, pericardial, and testicular, which impact the cavity of lung, abdomen, heart and testes, respectively. Pleural and peritoneal mesothelioma are the most common ones.
    156. Polydipsia is the medical term for extreme thirst, which does not improve no matter how much a person drinks. It is not a disease by itself but can be an important symptom of certain health problems, such as diabetes. Common diabetes mellitus symptoms include polydipsia, polyuria, extreme and uncontrolled hunger, blurred vision, extreme fatigue or lack of energy, genital itching, slow healing of wounds or cuts, weight change (gain or loss), frequent or returning infections, and tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
    157. When treated by an older doctor, hospitalized patients 65 and older may face a slightly higher risk of dying within a month of their admittance than if treated by a younger physician. Clinical skills and knowledge accumulated by experienced physicians can lead to better quality of care; however, doctors' skills and knowledge can also become outdated, as scientific technology and clinical guidelines change over time.
    158. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause serious health problems if it is not treated. The name for the disease, ‘syphilis’, originates from an epic Latin poem Syphilis, sive morbus gallicus, ‘Syphilis, or the French disease'. The disease started with genital ulcers, then progressed to a fever, general rash and joint and muscle pains, then weeks or months later were followed by large, painful and foul-smelling abscesses and sores, or pocks, all over the body.  Muscles and bones became painful, especially at night.  The sores became ulcers that could eat into bones and destroy the nose, lips and eyes.  They often extended into the mouth and throat, and sometimes early death occurred. Before the introduction of Penicillin in 1943, Syphilis killed 1000's people each year.  The first Syphilis epidemic was occurred in Naples, Italy (called ‘Disease of Naples’) in 1495. When Syphilis first surfaced, the English named it the ‘French disease’, the French called it the ‘Spanish disease’, Germans named it the ‘French evil’, Russians called it ‘Polish disease’, Poles called it ‘Turkish disease’, Turks called it ‘Christian disease’ and Japan called it ‘Chinese pox.’
    159. Arsenic poisoning is a medical condition that occurs due to elevated levels of arsenic in the body. If exposure occurs over a brief period of time symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, encephalopathy, and watery diarrhea that contains blood. Long-term exposure can result in thickening of the skin, darker skin, abdominal pain, diarrhea, heart disease, and numbness. Arsenic increases the risk of cancer. Exposure is related to skin, lung, liver, and kidney cancer among others.
    160. Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. Depression is one of the most common mental disorders that often lead to attempt suicide. 1 out of 6 people in the U.S. succumb to clinical depression during their lifetime. Experiences with major depressive disorder includes depressed moods, decreased energy, trouble concentrating, lost interest in activities, guilt of feelings of hopelessness, sleep disturbances, appetite changes and suicidal thoughts or attempts.
    161. Women are given a lot of advice during pregnancy, including to take a vitamin D supplement to keep bones and teeth healthy for their babies. There is no strong evidence that pregnant women should receive vitamin D supplementation to prevent low bone mineral content in their children; low vitamin D levels in the mothers do not affect their child’s bone health.
    162. Human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted infection, is found in about 99% of cervical cancers, and is the second most common type of cancer for women worldwide. By the age 50 approximately 80% of women have been infected with some type of HPV; more than 12,000 women in the United States is diagnosed with cervical cancer each year, and over 4,000 of women die annually.
    163. Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites, infected blood and sexual contact. Pregnant women with Zika infection probably give birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes (e.g.; small head). The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes).
    164. A kidney stone is a solid piece of material which is formed in the kidneys from minerals in urine. Kidney stones typically leave the body in the urine stream, and a small stone may pass without causing symptoms, otherwise it leads to pain. About 9% of the U.S. population has a kidney stone, and in 2013 about 15,000 deaths globally because of kidney stone disease.
    165. Benlysta is the only treatment on the market specifically for Lupus, a disease in which the body's immune system attacks healthy issue, including skin, joints, kidneys or the brain. This prescription medicine is expensive; the patient needs to have at least 2 doses a month, each costs $3,330 per dose.
    166. A human body has 206 bones, of which 54 in the hands and 52 in the feet.
    167. Each year about 140 million people are born and around 57 million people die; approximate 108 billion people have ever lived on the Earth and about 7 billion people live today.
    168. The 10 leading causes of death in the world are heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lower respiratory track infections, trachea and bronchus lung cancers, HIV/AIDS, diarrhoeal disease, diabetes, road injury, and hypertensive heart disease.
    169. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which is a newly viral respiratory illness to humans since 2102; people infected with MERS developed severe acute respiratory illness, including fever, cough, and shortness of breath, and many of them have died.
    170. Diagnostic error is the leading cause of medical malpractice claims in the U.S., 5-15% of diagnoses are estimated to have errors with an average of 60,000 deaths annually.
    171. Body temperature varied from person to person, at different times of day and for many other reasons besides illness. It tends to be about one degree higher during the day than in the middle of the night. The normal human body temperature averages 98.6; a temperature above 100.4, regardless of the normal range for an individual, is considered a universal sign of fever and suggests an illness
    172. The generic high blood pressure (hypertension) drug Lisinopril was prescribed and refilled around 37 million times by more than 7 million American Medicare patients at a cost of $307 million in 2013.
    173. In 2012, 8,165 African Americans died because of HIV/AIDS; among whites and Latino people, 5,426 and 2,586 died, respectively.
    174. In 2011, around 1.2 million people living with HIV/AIDS in the U.S.; of which 491,110 were African Americans (41%) and 408,000 were whites (34%).
    175. Rates of HIV/AIDS are growing fastest among gays, bisexual and black men; as per the CDC, the percentage of HIV/AIDS patients in the U.S. are: 76% Male, 44% Black, 33% White, 24% Female, 19% Hispanic; 53% Male-to-Male Sex, 27% Male-to-Female Sex, and 15% Injection Drug Users.
    176. For the years after HIV/AIDS was first identified in 1984, patients survived an average of only 18 months; now most AIDS patients do not die since the treatment is more advanced in the U.S.; for example, in 2004 it took the average patient nearly three years of daily pill popping to reach undetectable virus levels; in 2013 it only took about three months; as of today, 94% of HIV/AIDS-positive people in the city are aware of their disease, compared with 84% nationwide.
    177. As per AIDS.gov, there were over 1.1 million Americans live with HIV/AIDS, but only 84% have been diagnosed, 37% have received regular medical care, and 33% take anti-HIV/AIDS drugs.
    178. The first HIV/AIDS case was reported in the U.S. in 1984, as of 2014 the disease has killed over 650,000 Americans; and at its peak, there were around 50,000 deaths from the AIDS virus per year; now the number is about 15,000.
    179. As of 2014 the U.S. annually spent about $317 billion (which comes from medical expensive and disability payments) on caring for over 9.6 million adults with a serious mental illness.
    180. Scratching skin creates a mild amount of pain (in the skin), that can interfere with itching — at least temporarily — by getting nerve cells in the spinal cord to carry pain signals to the brain instead of itch signals.
    181. Around 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. But a new study claims that those who have slept with more than 20 women during their lifetime there is a 28% reduction in the risk of having prostate cancer (all types), and a 19% reduction for aggressive types of cancer.
    182. Ebola, a viral disease, is not spread through the air, food, water or indirect contact with an infected person; it is transmitted only through direct contact with the bodily fluids, such as blood, diarrhea and vomit. Ebola's symptoms include fever, severe headache, muscle and stomach pain, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting and unexplained bleeding and bruising; about 50% of people infected with Ebola died.
    183. Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in Central Africa.
    184. Ebola virus disease (EVD), which is a severe, often fatal illness in humans, outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%. EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
    185. The Tuberculosis (TB), which is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs, is second only to HIV/AIDS as the greatest killer worldwide due to a single infectious agent. In 2012, 8.6 million people fell ill with TB and 1.3 million died from TB.
    186. One-third of the world's population is currently infected with the Tuberculosis (TB), which is an infectious disease that spreads through the air, but only 5-10% of people infected will become sick with the disease. of all TB cases India alone accounted for 26%, and China and India combined accounted for 38% worldwide.
    187. The "flu" or the seasonal flu is caused by the influenza virus and causes mostly upper respiratory problems while the "stomach flu" is often caused by a number of viruses and causes gastrointestinal problems, such as diarrhea and vomiting.
    188. Antibiotics don't work for viruses like colds and the flu.
    189. Meningococcal meningitis is a bacterial form of meningitis, a serious infection of the thin lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
    190. Hearing loss is associated with depression among American adults, especially women and those younger than age 70.
    191. Depression is 'a causal risk of coronary heart disease'
    192. The pregnancy rate for U.S. women is around 102 per 1,000 women aged 15–44. The birth rate for married women was around 70% higher than the rate for unmarried women; the abortion rate for unmarried women was almost five times higher than the rate for married women.
    193. The total U.S. cesarean delivery rate is about 33% of all births. About 60% of cesarean deliveries are primary cesareans (a first cesarean delivery regardless of parity). After a primary cesarean, a woman has only about a 10% chance of a vaginal birth for subsequent deliveries.
    194. Based on a CDC health survey report, in 2011, 61% of American adults aged 18 and over had excellent or very good health. Eleven percent of adults had been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had heart disease, 24% had been told on two or more visits that they had hypertension, 9% had been told that they had diabetes, and 22% had been told that they had some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia.
    195. The number of people diagnosed with Lyme disease each year in the United States is around 300,000 with 96 percent of reported cases occurring in 13 states, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin.
    196. 50% to 75% of people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have sleep problems; some have trouble falling or staying asleep; others wake up feeling less than refreshed or battle drowsiness during the day.
    197. Every 68 seconds, one American develops Alzheimer's disease, which currently affects 5.2 million people.
    198. Dealing with stress during middle age may increase the risk of developing dementia later in life.
    199. Every year, about 65 million people in the U.S. have high blood pressure. More than 7 million people have had a heart attack. Another 11 million have some other type of cardiovascular disease that impacts their heart and circulatory health.
    200. During sleep, the body produces cytokines, cellular hormones that help fight infections.
    201. Research shows that most people require seven or eight hours of sleep to function optimally. Failing to get enough sleep night after night can compromise your health and may even shorten your life..
    202. Cholera is an acute diarrhea disease that can kill within hours if left untreated. There are an estimated 3–5 million cholera cases and 100 000–120 000 deaths due to cholera every year.
    203. You can get cataracts in one eye or both eyes — but they can’t spread from one eye to the other; by age 80, most people either have cataracts or have had cataract surgery; cataract surgery is one of the most common operations in the United States
    204. 285 million people are visually impaired worldwide: 39 million are blind and 246 have low vision.
    205. Avian influenza (AI), commonly called bird flu, is an infectious viral disease of birds. Most avian influenza viruses do not infect humans; however some, such as H5N1, have caused serious infections in people.
    206. Asthma is a chronic disease of the bronchial, the air passages leading to and from the lungs. It is the most common chronic disease among children. Around 235 million people suffer from asthma worldwide.
    207. About 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and two million girls under the age of 15 give birth every year
    208. An estimated 650,000 people worldwide have multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB). A study found that vitamin C can kill multidrug-resistant TB bacteria.
    209. Chronic pain affects more than 116 million Americans; a figure that dwarfs the number of people who suffer from diabetes, coronary heart disease/stroke and cancer combined.
    210. An estimated 22.3 million American people were living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in 2012.
    211. More than 4,000 preventable mistakes occur in surgery every year in the U.S.
    212. Snoring and sleep apnea can lead to diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, depression, and premature death.
    213. There are about 20 million new sexually transmitted infections (STIs) each year in the United States.
    214. Mechanically removing a blood clot from a stroke patient’s brain is no more useful than the older treatment of giving an IV dose of a clot-dissolving drug to the body.
    215. The men who watched TV over 20 hours a week often have almost half the sperm concentration as the men who did not watch TV.
    216. Lung cancer is caused by tobacco use (cigarette smoking), secondhand smoke, radon, poor diet, alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyle, asbestos exposure, arsenic, and air pollution.
    217. About 50 percent of people, who use a common class of antidepressants were likely to suffer bleeding in or around the brain.
    218. Congestive heart failure, protein deficiency, circulatory problems, fluid in the lungs, kidney disease, lupus, lead poisoning and more can all cause changes to your nails or nail bed. For example, nails that have turned completely white may be a sign of liver disease, and if the skin beneath nails has turned red, it could indicate heart problems.
    219. The most common and dangerous cause of blue skin on your face or body is Cyanosis, which causes when the body is not able to put enough oxygen into the circulating blood. The possible diseases include heart defects, lung defects and blood disorders (potential blood cancer), Chromhidrosis and Pseudochromhidrosis.
    220. Anxiety or panic attacks are often accompanied by chest pain, most likely caused by muscle contractions in the chest wall. The common external factors can cause anxiety panic attacks are stress at work/school, stress in a personal relationship (e.g.; marriage, love), stress from an emotional trauma (e.g.; the death of a loved one), financial stress, stress from a serious medical illness, and side effect of medication.
    221. When people, who had a combination of jaw/left hand and chest pain, were brought to a hospital, they often had a EKG, a chest X-ray, an ultrasound test and a CT scan within the first hour; the possibilities the doctors mentioned were terrifying, heart attacks.
    222. Heart disease or lung problems can cause chest pain. Heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), stomach ulcer (burning pain occurs when stomach is empty and feels better when eating food), or gallbladder (pain often gets worse after a meal, especially a fatty meal) can also cause chest pain.
    223. People who have blood types A, B, or AB have a slightly higher risk of heart diseases compared to those with type O. The increased risk for blood type AB is 20%, type B, 11%, and type A, 8 %.
    224. The population of people having blood type A include 40% of whites, 26% of blacks, 31% of Hispanics and 28% of Asians; type B: 11% of whites, 19% of blacks, 10% of Hispanics and 25% of Asians; type AB: 4% of whites, 4% of blacks, 2% of Hispanics and 7% of Asians; and type O: 45% of whites, 51% of blacks, 57% of Hispanics and 40% of Asians.
    225. The longest living cells in the body are brain cells which can live an entire lifetime.
    226. There are 60,000 miles of blood vessels in the human body.
    227. Most surgeries to avoid are stents for stable angina, complex spinal fusion for stenosis, hysterectomy for uterine fibroids, and knee arthroscopy for osteoarthritis.
    228. Sixty five percent of those with autism are left handed.
    229. Men should no longer receive a routine blood test to check for prostate cancer because the test does more harm than good.
    230. The top causes of death in high-income countries are Ischaemic heart disease (1.42m deaths in 2008; 15.6%), Stroke and other cerebrovascular disease (0.79m; 8.7%), Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers (0.54m, 5.9%), Alzheimer and other dementias (0.37m, 4.1%), Lower respiratory infections (0.35m, 3.8%), Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (0.32m, 3.5%), Colon and rectum cancers (0.30m, 3.3%), Diabetes mellitus (0.24m, 2.6%), Hypertensive heart disease (0.21m, 2.3%), and Breast cancer (0.17m, 1.9%).
    231. The top causes of death in middle-income countries are Ischaemic heart disease (5.27m deaths in 2008, 13.7%), Stroke and other cerebrovascular disease (4.91m, 12.8%), Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2.79m, 7.2%), Lower respiratory infections (2.07m, 5.4%), Diarrhoeal diseases (1.68m, 4.4%), HIV/AIDS (1.03m, 2.7%), Road traffic accidents (0.94m, 2.4%), Tuberculosis (0.93m, 2.4%), Diabetes mellitus (0.87m, 2.3%), and Hypertensive heart disease (0.83m, 2.2%).
    232. The top causes of death in low-income countries are Lower respiratory infections (1.05m deaths in 2008, 11.3%), Diarrhoeal diseases (0.76m, 8.2%), HIV/AIDS (0.72m, 7.8%), Ischaemic heart disease (0.57m, 6.1%), Malaria (0.48m, 5.2%), Stroke and other cerebrovascular disease (0.45m, 4.9%), Tuberculosis (0.40m, 4.3%), Prematurity and low birth weight (0.30m, 3.2%), Birth asphyxia and birth trauma (0.27m, 2.9%), and Neonatal infections (0.24m, 2.6%).
    233. Globally, there are around 235 million people suffered from asthma, a chronic disease of the the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them. Most asthma-related deaths occur in low- and lower-middle income countries.
    234. Ulcers increase the risk of diabetes.
    235. 1 in 88 American children has some form of autism spectrum disorder.
    236. Stay physically active, adopt a brain-healthy diet, remain socially active, and stay mentally active are the main components to keep a brain healthy.
    237. About 143,000 people in the U.S. were diagnosed with colon and rectal cancer in 2007, the most recent year with data, and 53,000 died of it. It's recommended that for people between age 50 and 75 colonoscopy should be screening once every 10 years, sigmoidoscopy every five years or an annual stool blood test.
    238. The human feet have 52 bones, which is 25% of all the bones in the body. The foot is an intricate structure containing 26 bones with thirty-three joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles and multiple tendons that hold the structure together and allow it to move in a variety of ways.
    239. Seventy-five percent of Americans will experience foot health problems of varying degrees of severity at one time or another in their lives. Women have four times of foot problems more than men do; lifelong patterns of wearing high heels often are the culprit.
    240. The brain hormone triggers the body's reaction to stress, and serves as the on-off switch to the body's stress response.
    241. In the U.S. 3.3 percent of all births were twins in 2009. About 7 percent of all births for women 40 and older were twins compared with 5 percent of women in their late 30s and 2 percent of women age 24 or younger.
    242. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Scientists identified a type of chimpanzee in West Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans. Although treatments for HIV/AIDS can slow the course of the disease, there is no cure for HIV infection.
    243. There are around 33.4 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS, with 2.7 million new HIV infections per year and 2.0 million annual deaths due to AIDS. Around 60 million people have been infected worldwide since the start of the pandemic in 1981, with some 25 million deaths.
    244. Being diagnosed with HIV does not mean a person will also be diagnosed with AIDS, which is the late stage of HIV infection, when a person’s immune system is severely damaged and has difficulty fighting diseases and certain cancers. The early symptoms and signs of AIDS include night sweats, prolonged fevers, severe weight loss, persistent diarrhea, skin rash, persistent cough, and shortness of breath.
    245. HIV is spread primarily by having unprotected sex with someone who has HIV; having multiple sex partners; sharing needles, syringes, rinse water, or other equipment used to prepare illicit drugs for injection; being born to an infected mother, being “stuck” with an HIV-contaminated needle; receiving blood transfusions, blood products, or organ/tissue transplants that are contaminated with HIV; eating food that has been pre-chewed by an HIV-infected person; being bitten/deeply kissed by a person with HIV; or tattooing or body piercing present a potential risk of HIV transmission.
    246. More than 48 million Americans over age 12 have trouble hearing in one or both ears. Note that 115 decibels (dB) is how loud the average MP3 player is playing music at maximum volume; and listening to an MP3 player at 100db for just 15 minutes can cause hearing loss.
    247. 20% reduction of heart-disease risk for those who most frequently got vigorous exercise, such as running, jogging, swimming laps, playing tennis, doing aerobics, or walking six miles or more a week.
    248. There are 7 symptoms that suggest you have kidney damage: swelling (edema), poor appetite, weight loss, weakness, feeling tired, nausea or vomiting, and trouble sleeping.
    249. People who had depression at some point in their lives were about a third more likely to suffer a stroke than those who haven't been depressed.
    250. Possible causes of brain damage include prolonged hypoxia (shortage of oxygen), poisoning, infection, and neurological illness.
    251. In 2010, there were 84,685 surgical procedures among women at the age of 65 and up. Of those, 26,635 were face-lifts; 24,783, cosmetic eyelid operations; 6,469, liposuctions; 5,874, breast reductions; 3,875, forehead lifts; 3,339, breast lifts and 2,414, breast augmentations. And, the oldest one got her breast implants at the age of 83 in July 2011.
    252. In the US, in 2010 there were about 1 billion physician office visits; number of visits per 100 persons is 332.2; percent of visits made to primary care physicians is 55.5%; most frequent principal illness-related reason for visit is cough; and most commonly diagnosed condition is essential hypertension.
    253. If you were admitted to hospital your chances of being subjected to an error (no dying) in your care would be something like 1 in 10. Your chances of dying due to an error in health care would be 1 in 300.
    254. In addition to the chest pain, the other surprising signs of an unhealthy heart include neck pain, sexual problems, dizziness, faintness, or shortness of breath, indigestion, nausea, or heartburn, jaw and ear pain.
    255. As of the end of 2010, there were about 10 percent of world’s adults have the diabetes diseases, in which the body is unable to properly use and store glucose (a form of sugar). The disease can cause nerve damage resulting in kidney disease, blindness and amputation. China and India account for 40 percent of people with diabetes, in contrast, 10 percent of the world’s total live in the United States and Russia.
    256. Night sweats is often associated with eye diseases, respiratory disorders, hyperactivity, anxiety, atopic dermatitis, medications, menopause, cancers and infections.
    257. About 1.3 million Americans are affected by rheumatoid arthritis.
    258. Calcium supplements may increase cardiovascular (heart disease) risk.
    259. In the U.S. prostate cancer is a common cancer affecting 17% of men who are older than 65; 3% of old men died because of this disease annually. There are some symptoms of this disease: urinary problems (e.g.; urgency, frequency, hesitancy, pain during urination), difficult in penile erection, painful ejaculation, blood in urine or semen, pelvic discomfort, frequent pain in lower back, belly or hip, swelling in the legs.
    260. Men can develop the breast cancer disease; in the U.S., breast cancer in men accounts for less than 1% of breast cancer cases, and tends to strike men aged 60 and older.
    261. As of 2/20/2011, more than 110,000 Americans are listed as waiting for organs, including 87,995 for kidneys; 16,108 for liver; 3,209 for heart; 1,802 for lung; 1,398 for pancreas; and 258 for intestine.
    262. 26,213 transplants were performed in the U.S. between January 2010 and November 2010. Average number of days that Americans wait for a transplant is 1,269 for kidney; 319 for liver; 168 for heart; 148 for lung; 260 for pancreas; and 142 for intestine.
    263. Around 88,000 Americans need kidneys each year; however, only about 17,000 get kidneys, and more than 4,600 die because they did not get one in time.
    264. People suffered from mild hypertension, which is a blood pressure reading of no higher than 160/100 mm Hg, took a 81-milligram tablet of aspirin in the evening had a significant reduction in their blood pressure. Those who took the aspirin in the morning had no reduction at all.
    265. Heart attack, cardiac arrest and stroke generally often occur in early morning hours (between 5:00 AM and 12:00 PM) when the agreeability of thrombocytes is higher. A daily baby aspirin pill (81 mg), often recommended to lower the risks of heart disease, can also reduce high blood pressure -- but only if it's taken at bedtime.
    266. For people who have recently had a stent implanted in a blocked heart artery, the risk of developing a blood clot may be higher early in the morning than other times of day. Stent patients generally take aspirin plus another anti-clotting medication (e.g.; Plavix) for some time after the procedure -- a year or more if they have drug-coated stents.
    267. In 2009 there were 24.6 million people suffered from Asthma in the U.S.
    268. About 1 in 54 U.S children were identified as having autism in 2016; it was up from 1 in 59 children in 2014, and from 1 in 68 in both 2010 and 2012.
    269. Having babies close together appears to increase the risk of autism.
    270. Every year around 18,000 American men learn they have prostate cancer.
    271. In the U.S. every year surgeons performed more than a million hip and knee replacements. In 2008, number of joint replacements for knees was 616,617, hips (total): 277,399; hips (partial): 108,491; shoulder (total): 26,178; shoulder (partial): 20,178; hand/finger/wrist: 2,338; and ankle: 1,554. Many patients will need to repair or replace their replacements 10 t0 20 years later.
    272. Scientists have developed a blood test that could find a single cancer cell circulating in a person's blood. The test will be used by oncologists as a diagnostic tool aimed at discovering as early as possible if a cancer has spread.
    273. Allergies affect around 50 million people in the U.S. Dust mites cause allergies in about 20 million people, and about 10 million people are allergic by cats.
    274. Women who suffer from both depression and diabetes have a increased risk of heart attacks and a higher chance of dying over a six-year period.
    275. About 1 million people in the U.S. go to the hospital with a heart attack every year; 2 in 3 people survive their heart attacks, and 1 in 5 heart attack survivors develop major depression.
    276. Nervous system disorders, diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure are ones of many physical or medical conditions that contribute to sexual dysfunction and diminish sexual desire.
    277. Around 5.2 million people in the U.S. do not know they have diabetes. African-Americans and Hispanic-Americans are almost twice as likely to get diabetes as non-Hispanic whites.
    278. Patients diagnosed with Cowden syndrome face an increased risk for colon cancer.
    279. Woman who had at least one stillbirth or miscarriage will increase the risk of a heart attack by 3.5 times later in her life; and women who had more than 3 miscarriages during their childbearing years will have 9 times as likely to have a heart attack.
    280. Childhood obesity links to the risk of adult obesity, heart/cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and metabolic disorders.
    281. Long-term stress may result in increasing risks for both diabetes and depression.
    282. A 2016 study found that the overall rate for stroke was 8% higher in the two days after daylight saving time. Cancer victims were 25% more likely to have a stroke during that time, and people older than 65 were 20% more likely to have a stroke.
    283. Stress symptoms commonly include exhaustion, irritability, muscular tension, inability to concentrate and a variety of physiological reactions, such as sleeplessness, headache and elevated heart rate. Stress is hurting physical and emotional health and contributing to some of the leading causes of death. Today 1 out of every 4 American are dealing with extremely high stress levels. The top 10 stress factors are money, work, economy, family responsibilities, relationships, personal health concerns, housing costs, job stability, health problems affecting the family, and personal safety.
    284. Doctors now can detect pre-cancerous growths in the stool for a colon cancer test; this new test can potentially be an alternative to colonoscopies. Colorectal cancer is a treatable disease if caught early.
    285. As of today about 24 million U.S. adults have diabetes, most of them type-2 diabetes linked strongly with poor diet and lack of exercise. Diabetes was the seventh-leading cause of death in the U.S., and is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults under age 75, as well as kidney failure, and leg and foot amputations not caused by injury.
    286. The five year survival rate for all cancers combined is approximately 65 percent. Surgery, radiation and chemotherapy are the forms of cancer treatment.
    287. Lung cancer, a serious illness, is the major cause of death in the U.S. Early screening for this disease is not as effective as it is with breast, colon or prostate cancers. It is also more resistant to treatment than some other cancers.
    288. Palliative care, which helps the gravely ill make the most of the time they have left, provided a surprising bonus for terminal lung cancer patients. The patients who started soon after their diagnosis on palliative care along with usual cancer care lived nearly three months longer than people given only standard cancer care. More than half of lung cancer patients have incurable diseases by the time they are diagnosed.
    289. Young people with the kind of irregular heartbeat (known as a trial fibrillation) may be better off undergoing surgery to fix the problem instead of taking medication first.
    290. Chlorotoxin, an ingredient in scorpion venom, may shrink brain cancers by helping spread therapeutic genes throughout the brain gene therapy.
    291. Mississippi has some of the country's highest rates of obesity, diabetes, hypertension and infant mortality.
    292. One of the first signs of diabetes is bleeding gums or bone loss around the teeth.
    293. Diabetes can cause heart disease, kidney failure, limb amputations and blindness
    294. Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce or unable to properly use and store glucose (a form of sugar). It is a major risk factor for heart disease. People who are over 40 and overweight are more likely to develop diabetes.
    295. As of 3/2011 more than 25 million Americans have diabetes (more than 90% have Type 2), but an additional 79 million people have pre-diabetes, in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not as high as in diabetes.
    296. In 2009 diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S. for people aged 25 years and older; 23.6 million people in the U.S. have diabetes; 11.2% of men and 10.2% of women have diabetes.
    297. Black, Hispanics and American Indians have higher rates of diabetes
    298. One in 10 Chinese adults already have diabetes; the finding surpasses other Western nations, including Germany and Canada.
    299. Diabetes is a silent disease; however, there are some symptoms of this disease: weight loss, increased urination, excessive thirst, fatigue and irritability, blurry vision tingling/numbness, hunger, skin problems, slow healing, and/or Candida infections.
    300. Both parents’ ages linked to autism risk. When the father was over 40 and the mother under 30, the increased risk was 59 percent greater than for younger men. By contrast, when the father was over 40 and the mother 30 or older, the risk of autism rose 13 percent.
    301. Lipodystrophy, a syndrome that causes the supporting fatty tissue under the skin to crumble even while the skin continues to grow, often at an alarming rate, makes people look older, such as it makes a girl, 13, look like she's 50.
    302. Women who are depressed have an increased risk of abdominal obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and even cancer.
    303. Women should not need a mammogram in their 40s, but should get one every two years starting at 50.
    304. About 25% of Asian-American adults have hypertension (i.e.; having blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 millimeters (mm) mercury (Hg)). Of which there is about 5.0% for the 20–39 age group, 26.5% for the 40–59 age group, and 59.6% for the 60 and over age group. There are around 15.4 million Asian people in the U.S., which primarily comprise persons of Chinese, Asian Indian, Korean, Filipino, Vietnamese, and Japanese descent.
    305. High blood pressure is a risk factor for more than heart disease; left uncontrolled, you may wind up with a disability, a poor quality of life or even a fatal heart attack. High blood pressure can damage brain, kidneys, eyes, and heart; narrow arteries, cause sexual dysfunction and trouble sleep, and make bone loss.
    306. Having high blood pressure (HBP) and coronary artery disease (CAD) puts you at a greater risk of a heart attack or stroke. You can have HBP for years without knowing it because HBP itself usually has no symptoms. If your blood pressure rises and stays high over time, it can damage your heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of your body. The numbers in a blood pressure reading include Systolic and Diastolic. Systolic (the top number) is the maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart is contracting or squeezing. Diastolic (the bottom number) represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest. The recommended blood pressure goal is below 140/90 mmHg (millimeters of mercury). If your blood pressure is above that level, you may have HBP. The most common of medications to treat HBP in people who have CAD is Beta-blockers, which slow the heart rate, reduce the heart's output of blood, and decrease the force of the heart beat.
    307. There are 30 different blood types. However, most people have blood types: O, A, B and AB. Type O blood is the most common, it can help other Os and also people with AB, A and B blood types. The next common one is type A, which can help other As and also people with AB blood types. Type B is one of the rarest blood types, it can help people with B, O, A and AB blood types. Type AB is the rarest blood type of 4 common ones, it can help people with AB, O, B and A blood types. The major common blood types in the U.S. include O+: 37.4%; O-: 6.6%; A+: 35.7%; A-: 6.3%; B+ 8.5%; B-: 1.5%; AB+: 3.4% and AB-: 0.6%.
    308. A new report released on November 10, 2010 by the CDC found that around 49.9 million Americans aged 18-64 went at least part of the last twelve months without health care insurance coverage.
    309. Around 46 million Americans under the age of 65 were without health insurance since 2007.
    310. People who lost their jobs between September 1, 2008 and December 31, 2009 can keep COBRA coverage under their former employer's plan for up to 18 months. The economic-stimulus plan provides a 65% subsidy for COBRA (Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act) premiums for up to 9 months for people who were laid off during this period to find out if you qualify, go to dol.gov or call 866-444-3272.
    311. If you have no insurance and/or your family has a low income, you and your family are eligible for joining the Partnership for Prescription Assistance (pparx.com), a coalition of pharmaceutical companies, healthcare providers, and patient advocacy groups that helps patients get free or discounted medications. Typically, as a member you can receive free medications or pays only $4 for a generic thyroid prescription.
    312. If you've ever been hospitalized, do not make any decisions before you have received, and analyzed, all the bills. Once you've determined what you can afford, ask the hospital's credit officer for interest-free payments. If the debt is truly unwieldy, ask for the Medicare rate (not the insurance rate) or a charity write-off.
    313. In 2008, an estimated 57 million people died throughout the world. Of 1000 people died, 159 would have come from high-income countries, 677 from middle-income countries and 163 from low-income countries.
    314. In 2008, cardiovascular (schaemic heart) diseases killed 7.3 million people worldwide, of which 6.2 million from stroke or another form of cerebrovascular disease.
    315. Throughout the world in 2008, more than 8 million deaths were among children under five years of age, and 99% of them were in low- and middle-income countries.
    316. The U.S. has fewer practicing physicians per capita than many similarly large and wealthy countries with health care systems. The country has only 2.6 physicians per 1,000 people, which lags behind comparable countries, Austria (5.2), Switzerland (4.3), Germany (4.3), Sweden (4.1), Italy (4.0), Spain (3.9),Australia (3.7), Netherlands (3.2), France (3.2), Belgium (3.1), United Kingdom (2.8) and Canada (2.7). However, the U.S. has slightly more licensed nurses, 17.5 per 1000 people, relative to comparable countries, it just lags behind South Korea (20.5), Sweden (19.7) and Belgium (18). U.S. hospitals have more employees than most comparable countries, but many are administrative workers; the country has 20.1 hospital employees (per 1,000 people), of which 9.5 handling administrative work, it's just behind Switzerland, which has 25 hospital workers (per 1,000 people), of which 7.6 doing administrative jobs.
    317. As of March 2019, there are 1,005,295 physicians in the U.S., of which 479,856 are primary care doctors and 525,439 are specialist physicians; California has the largest number of physicians (112,906), and North Dakota has the lowest number (2,015).
    318. Dr. Daniel Hale Williams (January 18, 1856 – August 4, 1931) was the first African American general surgeon, who in 1893 performed the first documented, successful pericardium surgery in the United States to repair a wound. A pericardial window is a cardiac surgical procedure to create a fistula – or "window" – from the pericardial space to the pleural cavity to allow a pericardial effusion (usually malignant) to drain from the space surrounding the heart into the chest cavity – where the fluid is not as dangerous; an untreated pericardial effusion can lead to cardiac tamponade and death. Graduated from Northwestern University Medical School, Dr. Williams opened a private practice where his patients were white and black. Black doctors, however, were not allowed to work in American hospitals at that time; as a result, in 1891, Dr. Williams founded the Provident Hospital and training school for nurses in Chicago, IL. Dr. Henry Dalton was the first American to successfully perform pericardium surgery to repair a wound. Earlier successful surgeries to drain the pericardium, by performing a pericardiostomy were done by Dr. Francisco Romero in 1801 and Dr. Dominique Jean Larrey in 1810.
    319. There are about 60 million health workers worldwide.
    320. A Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study reported that medical expenses account for roughly 4 percent of bankruptcy filings among non-elderly adults in the U.S.
    321. Medical Billing Advocates of America, a group that helps patients handle medical bills, and Time Magazine analyzed hundreds of bills from hospitals and revealed many overcharges on a patient’s itemized bill. For example, a Tylenol pill for $15, $53 for per pair of gloves, $8 for a grocery bag (to hold your personal items), $8 for a box of tissues, $53 for per non-sterile pair (sterile are higher), $10 for a plastic cup used to administer medicine, $23 for per alcohol swab, $17.50 for a color mark on the body for surgery, $20 for a blood pressure measurement, $6.25 for a nurse to hand you medicine taken by mouth per instance, and $93.50 for cost of use of overhead light in operating room.
    322. Hospital list prices aren't completely irrelevant; however, as they usually serve as a starting point for negotiations with commercial payers. Hospital charges are essentially their list prices for medical services, which are different from the actual amount of money insurers, patients or the government ends up paying hospitals in exchange for the services. The prices on a hospital's chargemaster bear little relationship to the amount most patients are asked to pay. That's because commercial insurers or government (e.g.; Medicare, Medicaid) negotiate discounts with healthcare providers on behalf of their members, and the costs are often less than the actual cost of care. Hospitals' rising list prices primarily affect the uninsured and people with coverage but who seek care at hospitals outside of their insurance network. Many hospitals often allow low-income patients who are uninsured to receive free care or care for a reduced charge.



    Health Education - Video
    Alzheimer's Disease
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    Parkinson's Disease: The Basics
    Autism & Alzheimer's Disease
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    Autism Experience
    Autism vs ADHD
    Understanding Autism & ADHD
    Brain and Mind
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    Brain Tumor Overview
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    Inside Brain of a Psychopath
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    Hematology: Types of Anemias
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    Cataract Surgery 1 - 2 - 3
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    Important Blood Sugar Signs
    Sugar: The Bitter Truth
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    Restrictive Lung Disease
    Guide to Asthma
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    Gut Bacteria & Mind Control
    Gastrointestinal Disorders
    A Truth of Cancer
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    Introduction to Cancer
    Understanding of Cancer
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    Cancer the Forbidden Cures
    Path of Cancer Cure
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    Prostatitis 101
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    Prostate Cancer Detection
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    Lung Cancer Explanation
    Lung Cancer / Tumor
    About Lung Cancer
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    Lung Cancer - Cause and Solutions
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    Lung Cancer - Causes & Treatment
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    Lung Cancer Overview
    Pancreatic Cancer
    Signs of Pancreatic Cancer
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    Symptoms of Stomach Cancer
    Liver Tumors and Cancer
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    Chemotherapy & Immunotherapy
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    Basis of Immunotherapy
    Common Signs of Leukemia
    Types of Leukemia
    Bladder and Testes Session
    Bladder & Bowel Dysfunction in MS
    Thyroid Gland
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    Knee Replacement Surgery
    Stomach Ulcers
    Stomach Ulcer - An Overview
    Ischemic Stroke
    Acute Ischemic Stroke
    Hemorrhagic Stroke
    My Stroke of Insight
    Strokes and the Rules of 4s
    Stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident)
    Stroke Localization
    Research on Aging: 1 & 2
    Inflammatory Arthritis
    Early Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
    Guide to Multiple Sclerosis
    Multiple Sclerosis - The Basics
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    COVID-19 Outbreak & Pandemics
    ▷News, Info & Facts
    1. COVID-19 Updates | Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center
    2. COVID-19 Updates | Stanford Medicine
    3. COVID-19 in the U.S.: Latest Maps, Case and Death Counts - NYT
    4. Tracking COVID-19 Cases in the US
    5. At-Home OTC COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests | FDA
    6. List of Approved COVID-19 Antigen Kits
    7. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    8. COVID-19 Travel Recommendations by Destination | CDC
    9. Treatments for COVID-19 | Harvard Health
    10. Testing for COVID-19
    11. Community-Based Testing Sites for COVID-19 | HHS.gov
    12. BA.2.75: Newest Omicron Subvariant, Explained
    13. Is BA.2.75 the Next COVID Threat?
    14. Will Omicron Subvariant BA.2.75 Be the Next COVID Threat?
    15. FDA Authorizes First Oral Antiviral for Treatment of COVID-19 | FDA
    16. COVID-19 Tests and Collection Kits Authorized by the FDA
    17. Free At-Home COVID Testing Kits Are Coming
    18. COVID Testing Kits
    19. Get Free COVID Test Kits at Covidtests.gov
    20. COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines | NIH
    21. Care Tips for Treating COVID-19 at Home
    22. Coronavirus Treatment: At Home, Hospital, Drugs
    23. Treating Smell Loss in COVID-19 Patients
    24. Know Your Treatment Options for COVID-19 | FDA
    25. Long COVID: Can Brain Stimulation Treat 'Brain Fog'?
    26. Vaccines for COVID-19 | CDC
    27. Different COVID-19 Vaccines | CDC
    28. COVID World Vaccination Tracker | NYT
    29. COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: View Vaccinations by Country | CNN
    30. Pfizer Says Its COVID-19 Pill Cuts Disease's Worst Risks by 89%
    31. The U.S. COVID-19 Public Health Emergency Ends in May. Here’s What Will Change
    32. House Votes to End COVID Public Health Emergency
    33. Get the Facts About COVID-19 Vaccines
    34. Effectiveness of COVID-19 Vaccines in Preventing Hospitalization Among Adults Aged ≥65 Years
    35. Effectiveness of Covid-19 Vaccines Against the B.1.617.2 (Delta) Variant
    36. Progress of the COVID-19 Vaccine Effort: Viruses, Vaccines and Variants versus Efficacy, Effectiveness and Escape
    37. COVID-19 Vaccine Information and Update
    38. COVID-19 Vaccination Information and Updates | JHU
    39. The Facts About COVID-19 and Vaccines
    40. Get the Facts About COVID-19 Vaccines
    41. No Serious Health Effects Linked to mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines
    42. U.S. States that Vaccinate the Most
    43. Interim Clinical Considerations for Use of COVID-19 Vaccines
    44. Vaccine Efficacy, Effectiveness and Protection
    45. COVID-19 Shots May Slightly Increase Risk of Stroke in Older Adults, Particularly When Administered With Certain Flu Vaccines
    46. China Clamps Down in Hidden Hunt for Coronavirus Origins
    47. China COVID Vaccine: China-Manufactured Vaccines Turn Out Ineffective Amid Rising COVID-19 Cases
    48. Moderna Refused China Request to Reveal Vaccine Technology
    49. China Approves Inhaled COVID Vaccine
    50. A Chinese mRNA COVID Vaccine Is Approved for the First Time - in Indonesia
    51. U.S. COVID-19 Risk & Vaccine Tracker
    52. Vaccine Refusal May Put Herd Immunity at Risk, Researchers Warn
    53. Myths and Facts about COVID-19 Vaccines
    54. Possible Side Effects After Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine
    55. Should You Get Vaccinated If You Are Currently Infected with or Have Recovered from COVID-19?
    56. Experimental Coronavirus Vaccine Highly Effective
    57. COVID-19 Vaccines | WHO
    58. COVID-19 Vaccines | FDA
    59. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Children | CDC
    60. Severe Outcomes Among Patients with Coronavirus (COVID-19) | CDC
    61. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) | WHO
    62. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) | CDC
    63. Variant Analysis of COVID-19 Genomes
    64. COVID-19 Delta Variant Resource Guide
    65. The Delta Variant May Cause Different COVID-19 Symptoms
    66. SARS-CoV-2 Variant Classifications and Definitions
    67. Long COVID or Post-COVID-19 Syndrome: Putative Pathophysiology, Risk Factors, and Treatments
    68. Factbox: Global Spread of Omicron Cases
    69. Omicron Detected in California, First Case in the US, Officials Say
    70. Omicron COVID Variant Possibly 500 Percent More Infectious Than Delta
    71. Classification of Omicron (B.1.1.529): SARS-CoV-2 Variant of Concern
    72. SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Variant
    73. COVID‐19 and SARS: Differences and Similarities
    74. COVID-19 Map: Coronavirus Cases, Deaths, Vaccinations by Country
    75. US COVID-19 Cases and Deaths by State
    76. COVID Data Tracker Weekly Review | CDC
    77. The True Death Toll of COVID-19 | WHO
    78. WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard With Vaccination Data
    79. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Resource Center | John Hopkins University
    80. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Information | John Hopkins University
    81. Tracking Spread of the Novel Coronavirus, COVID-19
    82. COVID-19 Coronavirus Outbreak | Worldometers
    83. Coronavirus Outbreak | Livescience
    84. Coronavirus (COVID-19) | NEJM
    85. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
    86. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) – Statistics and Research
    87. The Coronavirus Outbreak | New York Times
    88. Coronavirus Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment | Mayo Clinic
    89. Coronavirus COVID-19 Outbreak - Latest News
    90. Coronavirus COVID-19 Screening and Testing Support | Google/Verily
    91. Charting a Coronavirus Infection
    92. The Possibility of Getting COVID-19 after Getting Vaccinated | CDC
    93. Coronavirus: Dexamethasone Proves First Life-saving Drug
    94. Inexpensive Steroid Dexamethasone: The First Drug to Reduce Deaths from COVID-19
    95. World First Coronavirus Treatment Approved for NHS Use by Government
    96. Blood Clots Targeted in COVID-19 Treatment Trial
    97. Pfizer and BioNTech Announce COVID-19 Vaccine
    98. Benefits of Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine | CDC
    99. Similarities and Differences Between Flu and COVID-19 | CDC
    100. Difference Between COVID-19 and SARS
    101. Difference Between COVID-19, SARS and MERS
    102. The Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    103. Does Weather Affect the Spread of the Coronavirus Outside?
    104. Do I Need to Wear a Mask If I’m 6 Feet Away from Others?
    105. COVID-19 and the History of Pandemics
    106. COVID-19: The History of Pandemics
    107. History of COVID-19: Outbreaks and Vaccine Timeline
    108. List of Epidemics
    109. Pandemics Throughout History
    110. The Worst Outbreaks in U.S. History
    111. A Complete History of Pandemics
    112. History's Deadliest Pandemics: Plague, Smallpox, Flu, COVID-19 ...
    113. The History of Plague – Part 1. The Three Great Pandemics
    114. The History of Influenza Pandemics by the Numbers
    115. Visualizing the History of Pandemics
    116. Maritime Infographic: Visualizing the History of Pandemics
    117. Pandemics that Changed History: Timeline
    118. The Worst Epidemics and Pandemics in History
    119. Brief History of Pandemics (Pandemics Throughout History)
    120. A Brief History of Vaccines and How They Changed the World
    121. COVID-19 Vaccine Updates: Sanofi and GSK Seek Approval for New Vaccine
    122. Reactions and Adverse Events of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine
    123. COVID-19 Vaccines: Safety, Side Effects, and Coincidence | Harvard Health
    124. COVID-19 Vaccines: Myth Versus Fact | Johns Hopkins Medicine
    125. Side Effects of COVID-19 Vaccines
    126. Science Brief: COVID-19 Vaccines and Vaccination
    127. The Impact of Vaccination on COVID-19 Outbreaks in the United States
    128. The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Immunization Campaigns and Programs: A Systematic Review
    129. Diabetes and COVID-19 Vaccination: 9 Things You Should Know
    130. Type 2 Diabetes and the COVID-19 Vaccine: Is It Safe?
    131. The Origin of COVID-19 and Why It Matters
    132. 4 COVID-19 Vaccines Compared
    133. 7 Rapid At-Home Covid-19 Tests—and Where to Find Them
    134. 10 Best At-Home COVID-19 Tests (2022)
    135. 12 Things You Need to Know About COVID-19 Vaccine
    136. 16 Best FDA-Authorized At-Home COVID Tests (2022)
    ▷ COVID-19 Vaccines
    1. Understanding COVID-19 Vaccines
    2. Approved by the FDA
    3. Approved by the WHO
    4. NOT Approved by either FDA or WHO
    5. COVID-19 Vaccines | HHS.gov
    6. COVID-19 Vaccine
    7. Comparing the Differences Between COVID-19 Vaccines
    8. Different Types of COVID-19 Vaccines: How They Work
    9. Variant Vaccines?
    10. WHO R&D Blueprint COVID-19 New Variants: Knowledge Gaps and Research
    11. Do COVID-19 Vaccines Protect Against the Variants?
    12. Advances in COVID-19 Vaccines and New Coronavirus Variants
    13. COVID-19: Vaccines and Variants
    14. New Vaccine May Protect Against Future Variants of COVID-19 and Other Related Coronaviruses
    15. The Effects of Virus Variants on COVID-19 Vaccines
    16. COVID-19 Bivalent Vaccine Boosters | FDA
    17. Myths and Facts About COVID-19 Vaccines
    18. Stay Up to Date with COVID-19 Vaccines Including Boosters
    19. Get Facts About COVID-19 Vaccines
    20. Frequently Asked Questions about COVID-19 Vaccination
    ▷ COVID-19: How, Who, What, When & Why
    1. How to Test for COVID-19 at Home
    2. How to Find COVID-19 Pills, Paxlovid and Molnupiravir
    3. How to Get a Free Rapid COVID-19 Test Kit from the Federal Government
    4. How to Get the Free At-home COVID Tests
    5. How to Treat COVID-19 at Home
    6. How to Treat the Symptoms of COVID-19 at Home
    7. How to Treat a Cough from Coronavirus at Home
    8. How to Treat Mild COVID-19 Symptoms at Home
    9. How to Overcome COVID-19 Fatigue
    10. How to Shop for FDA-authorized Home COVID Test Kits: A Guide
    11. How We’re Helping Coronavirus COVID-19 | Google
    12. How Long Will a Vaccine Really Take?
    13. How Close Are We to a Covid-19 Vaccine?.
    14. How Are COVID-19 Vaccines Different?
    15. How Do Coronavirus and SARS Differ?
    16. How Do We Know the COVID-19 Vaccine Won't Have Long Term Side Effects.
    17. How Does the COVID-19 Vaccine Affect Type 2 Diabetes
    18. How Does COVID-19 Affect People with Diabetes?
    19. How Does the Coronavirus Affect the Heart?
    20. How Viral Mutations Occur in SARS-CoV-2
    21. How SARS Spread in Hong Kong (video)
    22. How the Merck and Pfizer COVID-19 Pills Work
    23. How Soon After a Possible Exposure to COVID-19 Should You Get Tested If You Are Vaccinated or Unvaccinated?
    24. What to Do If You Are COVID-19 Sick | CDC
    25. What to Do If You Think You're Sick with COVID-19 Symptoms
    26. What to Know If You Were Vaccinated Outside the U.S.
    27. What to Know About Pandemics
    28. What to Know About COVID-19 Omicron BA.2.75 Variant
    29. What to Know About Coadministration of Flu and COVID-19 Vaccines
    30. What You Need to Know About COVID BinaxNOW Self Test
    31. What Is COVID-19?
    32. What Is a Coronavirus and COVID-19?
    33. What Is Important to Know About SARS-CoV-2 Variants of Concern (Alpha, Beta, Delta, and Gamma)?
    34. What Is the Difference Between the Delta and Delta Plus Variant of COVID-19?
    35. What Is Omicron? What to Know About New Coronavirus Variant in South Africa, Impact on US, Vaccine Effectiveness
    36. What Is It Like to Get a COVID-19 Vaccination?
    37. What Are the New COVID-19 Variants, and How Can We Track Them?
    38. What Are Omicron Variant Symptoms?
    39. What Are the Differences Among COVID-19, Cold, Allergies and the Flu?
    40. What Would an Antiviral Pill Mean for the Fight Against COVID-19? (Merck COVID-19 Pill)
    41. What Do We Know About China's Coronavirus Vaccines?
    42. What You Need to Know About Coronavirus
    43. What You Need to Know: Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine
    44. What You Need to Know: Diabetes + COVID Vaccines
    45. What You Need to Know About Pfizer COVID-19 Treatment Pill
    46. What You Should Know About COVID Variants
    47. What Should You Do If You Think You're Sick with COVID-19?
    48. What Should You Do If You Think You Have COVID-19?
    49. What Happens If You Get COVID-19? (video)
    50. What Would an Antiviral Pill Mean for the Fight Against COVID-19?
    51. What Diabetes Patients Should Know About the COVID-19 Vaccine
    52. What End of COVID-19 Public Health Emergency Means for Testing, Treatment
    53. Where Has Omicron Spread, and Why Are Scientists So Concerned?
    54. Which Countries Have Found Omicron Cases So Far?
    55. 'Why Is It Called COVID-19?'
    56. Why Are There High COVID Cases in Vaccinated States?
    57. Why Are Covid-19 Cases Increasing?
    58. Why People Aren't Getting the COVID-19 Vaccine in the U.S
    59. Why Should Children Get Vaccinated?
    60. Why Should I Get Vaccinated for COVID-19?
    61. Why You Should Not Use Ivermectin to Treat or Prevent COVID-19 | FDA
    62. Why Do COVID-19 Breakthrough Cases Occur?
    63. Why COVID-19 Shots Don’t Last a Lifetime
    64. Why COVID-19 Breakthrough Infections Occur
    65. Why COVID-19 Cannot Be Eliminated
    66. Why COVID-19 Is Both Startlingly Unique and Painfully Familiar
    67. Why ‘Breakthrough’ COVID-19 Cases Happen
    68. Why a Coronavirus Vaccine Takes over a Year to Produce – and Why That Is Incredibly Fast.
    69. Why Is the U.S. Behind on Coronavirus (COVID-19) Testing?
    70. Why Face Masks for COVID-19 Are Encouraged in Asia, but Shunned in the U.S.



    Healthcare Reform: How, What, When & Why

    1. How to Get the Most from Your Health Plan.
    2. How Does Obamacare Work?
    3. How Does Obamacare Work? - Obamacare Explained
    4. How Does Obamacare Work? | Obamacare and ACA
    5. How Does Obamacare Work? - FAQs
    6. How Does Obamacare Tax Credit Work?
    7. How Does Obamacare Tax Work
    8. How Does Obamacare Really Work - And Will It Effect You?
    9. How Does Obamacare Work for the Unemployed?
    10. How Does Trump's Plan Compare to Obamacare?
    11. How Does the Quality of Care Compare in Five Countries?
    12. How Does the Quality of U.S. Health Care Compare Internationally
    13. How Does the Quality of the U.S. Healthcare System Compare to other Countries?
    14. How Obamacare Works for Unemployed
    15. How Obamacare Can Help the Unemployed
    16. How the ACA Health Insurance Subsidy Works
    17. How Affordable Care Act (ACA) Subsidies Work?
    18. How Much Will Obamacare Cost Me
    19. How Much of ObamaCare Is "Severable"?
    20. How Different Types of People Will Be Affected by the Health Care Overhaul.
    21. How Good Is the Quality of Health Care in the United States?
    22. How Prepared is the US to Respond to COVID-19 Relative to other Countries?
    23. How Trump Could Still Undermine Obamacare
    24. How an Obamacare Repeal Could Hurt You Even If You Get Insurance Through Work.
    25. How Federal Employees Can Save Tax Dollars on Health, Dental and Vision Premiums.
    26. How We Do Harm - A Doctor Breaks Ranks About Being Sick in America.
    27. How American Health Care Killed My Father.
    28. How Health Care Works Around the World.
    29. What Health Disparities Are and Why They Matter.
    30. What Obamacare Means for You.
    31. What Health-Care Reform Really Means.
    32. What Is the Affordable Care Act & How Does it Work?
    33. What It Would Take to Save Obamacare
    34. What Happens Next with Obamacare Repeal
    35. What Does This Health Care Bill Affect You & Means for Us?
    36. What Did Obamacare Actually Do?
    37. What You Need to Know About the Obamacare Marketplaces.
    38. What Makes Health Care So Expensive in the U.S.?
    39. What Does Trump's Executive Order Against Obamacare.
    40. What Trump's Obamacare Executive Order Means.
    41. What Is Next for Obamacare (2016).
    42. When Health Care Reform will Affect You.
    43. When Will Happen If The Health-Care Law Is Not Passed?
    44. Who Can Get Obamacare Insurance
    45. Why Doesn’t the United States Have Universal Healthcare? | Healthline
    46. Why Doesn't the US Have Universal Health Care?
    47. Why the US Should Have Universal Health Care
    48. Why Healthcare Is So Expensive in the U.S.
    49. Why American Health Care Is So Bad
    50. Why Does Healthcare Cost So Much?


    Health Care Law

    The simple principles of the recently established Health Care Law:





    Healthcare Analysis & Facts
    ▷ News, Facts & Analysis
    1. The United States' Health Care System: Problems and Solutions
    2. Problems of Health Care in the United States
    3. Major Problems in the U.S. Healthcare System
    4. Health Care Services Quality Improvement
    5. Health Care in America
    6. Health Care Industry Outlook
    7. U.S. and Global Health Care Outlook
    8. U.S. Health Care: Facts About Cost, Access, and Quality
    9. U.S. Health Care Coverage and Spending
    10. U.S. Healthcare Spending 2000-2022
    11. U.S. Health Care from a Global Perspective
    12. The U.S. Health System
    13. The U.S. Health Care System: An International Perspective
    14. The U.S. Healthcare System: Complex and Unequal
    15. The Importance of Health and Health Care
    16. Overview of the U.S. Healthcare System
    17. Understanding the U.S. Healthcare System
    18. Identifying The Major Problems of the US Healthcare System
    19. Major Problems Facing the U.S. Healthcare System
    20. Quality in Healthcare: Concepts and Practice
    21. Our Biggest Health Challenges | NIH
    22. Universal Healthcare in the United States of America: A Healthy Debate
    23. Delivering Quality Health Services: A Global Imperative for Universal Health Coverage
    24. Reforming America's Healthcare System Through Choice and Competition
    25. Caring for Quality in Health Lessons Learnt from 15 Reviews of Health Care Quality
    26. Patients’ Perspectives on Health Care in the United States: A Look at Seven States & the Nation
    27. Health Care in the Democratic Debates, Congress, and the Courts | KFF
    28. The Anatomy of Health Care in the United States
    29. Federal Subsidies for Health Insurance Coverage for People Under Age 65: 2016 to 2026
    30. Obamacare
    31. Obamacare Turns 10 - Look at What Works and Doesn’t.
    32. Obamacare Open Enrollment: Here's Everything You Need to Know.
    33. Obamacare Subsidies Preserved in US Supreme Court Ruling.
    34. Obamacare Summary: Obama Health Care Summary
    35. Obamacare: A Nonpartisan Review of What It Is and What It Is Not
    36. Obamacare Facts
    37. Obamacare Facts - Facts About the Affordable Care Act
    38. Obamacare Facts: Facts on the Affordable Care Act
    39. Obamacare Pros and Cons
    40. Obamacare Essential Health Benefits
    41. Obamacare Health Insurance Plan Quotes
    42. Obamacare Premiums Are Falling
    43. Obamacare Has Changed America's Health Care System
    44. Obamacare Hits a Pothole
    45. Obamacare Premiums to Soar 22% on Average
    46. Obamacare Bill: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
    47. Obamacare: Silent on Funding
    48. Obamacare Myths.
    49. Obamacare | Heritage Foundation
    50. Obamacare: Understanding the Affordable Care Act.
    51. Obamacare Woes to Linger Long After Obama Is Gone
    52. Obamacare Enrollment Information: Obamacare 2016 and 2017 OEP
    53. Obama Health Care Coverage
    54. Obama Health Care.
    55. Obama Health Care Coverage - Marketplace
    56. Obama Health Care Facts: Facts on the Affordable Care Act
    57. Obama Health Care: The Obama Health Care Plan.
    58. Obama Offers Ways to Improve His Health Care Law.
    59. Obama Signs Health Care Overhaul Bill, With a Flourish.
    60. The Obama Health Care Legacy: More Coverage and Less Spending.
    61. The Obama Health Care Legacy: The Origins, Implementation, and Effort to Repeal the Affordable Care Act of 2010
    62. Compare Obamacare Health Insurance Plans Online
    63. The Patient Protection & Affordable
    64. Guard Your New Medicare ID Card to Avoid Fraud.
    65. The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on the Health Care Workforce
    66. Updated Estimates for the Insurance Coverage Provisions of the Affordable Care Act
    67. Healthy Outlook: Public Health Resources for Systems Transformation.
    68. Global Health Care Sector Outlook
    69. Health Care as a Human Right
    70. Point Turning Point: The Case for Universal Health Care
    71. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
    72. The Health Care Law
    73. Affordable Care Act: An Understanding of the Law.
    74. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
    75. Problems of Health Care in the United States – Social Problems
    76. Find Doctors and Medical Facilities in the U.S
    77. Healthcare Statistics
    78. News Industry Diversity in the U.S.
    79. Healthcare Occupations
    80. Facts About the Economics of the US Health-care System
    81. Predicting COVID-19’s Long-Term Impact on the Home Health Care Market
    82. Toward Developing Estimates of U.S. Imports of Illegal Drugs
    83. Are Medical Care Prices Still Declining?
    84. Adjusting Health Expenditures for Inflation: A Review of Measures for Health Services Research in the United States
    85. Introduction to the U.S. Health Care System
    86. The Stealth Repeal of Obamacare
    87. Pro-Obamacare Group Hits Collins Over Tax Vote
    88. Health Information from the Government
    89. Understanding the U.S. Healthcare System
    90. Introduction to Healthcare and Public Health in the US
    91. I’ve Seen the Future of Healthcare. I Like What I See.
    92. Older Americans Face Price Hikes in GOP's Obamacare Plans
    93. US and Global Health Care Outlook
    94. U.S. Healthcare 2020 – 10 Predictions
    95. U.S. Health Care from a Global Perspective: Higher Spending, Worse Outcomes?
    96. U.S. Health Care & Medical Debt Statistics.
    97. Trumpcare Explained | Obamacare Facts.
    98. Trump and the Affordable Care Act.
    99. Trump's Executive Order and Obamacare: Where We Go from Here
    100. Trump’s Latest Health Care Move Squeezes Republicans
    101. Trump Proposal Boosts Skimpy Insurance Plans, Again Undercutting Obamacare
    102. Donald Trump's Health Care Reform Proposals (2016).
    103. President Trump Begins Rolling Back Obamacare.
    104. Sorry, We Don't Take Obamacare
    105. Confused by Obamacare?
    106. A Critical Analysis of Obamacare: Affordable Care or Insurance
    107. Women and Obamacare
    108. The Politics of Obamacare: Health Care, Money, and Ideology
    109. Transcending Obamacare
    110. Fact Checker: Paul Ryan’s False Claim that ‘Because of Obamacare, Medicare Is Going Broke’.
    111. Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) Articles, Photos, and Videos
    112. Court Strikes Down Obama Health Care Rule on Insurance Standards.
    113. FDA Reform: A Prescription for More and Better Drugs and Medical Devices.
    114. United States Health Care Reform - Progress to Date and Next Steps.
    115. A Fresh Start for Health Care Reform.
    116. The Importance of Health and Health Care.
    117. Health Insurance and Managed Care.
    118. Year Six of the Affordable Care Act: Obamacare's Mounting Problems.
    119. Repeal and Replace of Affordable Care.
    120. Universal Coverage Reforms in the USA: From Obamacare through Trump.
    121. Supreme Court Saves Obamacare.
    122. Health Costs Around the World.
    123. Medicare’s Next 50 Years: Preserving the Program for Future Retirees.
    124. ACA and the Children’s Health Insurance Program.
    125. State Obamacare Exchanges Experience Growing Pains.
    126. Brand-Name Medicines Dominate Medicare's $103 Billion Drug Bill.
    127. Almost Half of Obamacare Exchanges Face Financial Struggles in the Future.
    128. Comparison of the Health Care Systems in Canada and the U.S.
    129. News About Health Care Reform.
    130. More Health Insurance Equals Fewer Deaths in Massachusetts.
    131. The Quality of US Healthcare Compared With the World
    132. Healthcare Insights
    133. Health Care’s Road to Ruin.
    134. GOP Divide over Obama Tax Plan Goes Public.
    135. Factbox - US Healthcare Bill Would Provide Immediate Benefits.
    136. Health Care Reform in the United States.
    137. Health Care in America - Trend in Utilization
    138. Medical Tourism: Treatments, Markets and Health System Implications: A Scoping Review.
    139. International Travel and Health.
    140. U.S. Health Care Reform Progress to Date and Next Steps
    141. Health Reform: How to Improve U.S. Health Care in 2020 and Beyond
    142. Healthcare Reform in the United States
    143. Reforming America's Healthcare System Through Choice and Competition
    144. Health Insurance Reform | HHS.gov
    145. Health Reform | The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
    146. Comparing Reform Options: From “Building on ACA” to Single Payer
    147. Health at a Glance in the U.S.
    148. U.S. Health Care from a Global Perspective
    149. National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report
    150. Pushing Up Obamacare Premiums
    151. States Defy Trump on ObamaCare
    152. Future of the Affordable Care Act Remains Uncertain
    153. The Facts on the GOP Health Care Bills
    154. In Major Defeat for Trump, Push to Repeal Health Law Fails
    155. Trump Tastes Failure as U.S. House Healthcare Bill Collapses
    156. House Republicans Pull Health Care Bill
    157. Trumpcare vs. Obamacare
    158. TrumpCare Explained - Obamacare Facts
    159. Pros & Cons of Free Universal Health Care System
    160. Overwhelming Evidence That Obamacare Caused Premiums To Increase Substantially
    161. The Truth About Those Canceled Health Plans.
    162. Expect Snags in Affordable Care Act Rollout.
    163. The Biggest Myth About Obamacare.
    164. There Are Tradeoffs to Obamacare
    165. Overview of Quality and Access in the U.S. Health Care System
    166. Health Reform Hits Main Street (Video).
    167. Status of U.S. Coverage and Potential of Health Reform Bills.
    168. Health-Care Changes May Not All Disappear Even If Justices Overturn It.
    169. Paul Ryan's Medicare Proposal Explained.
    170. Health Care Reform and the Supreme Court.
    171. A Critical Test of the Health Care Law.
    172. Health Care Bill
    173. Did Obamacare Work? Is It a Success or Massive Failure?
    174. The Pros and Cons of Obamacare
    175. Health System Reform in the United States.
    176. Health System Kaiser Permanente to Combine With Hospital Operator Geisinger
    177. A New Operating System for Health Care
    178. History of the Affordable Care Act
    179. History of the U.S. Healthcare System
    180. Implementation History of the Affordable Care Act
    181. A Brief History on the Road to Healthcare Reform: from Truman to Obama
    182. Evolution of US Health Care Reform
    183. Healthcare Crisis: Healthcare Timeline.
    184. America's Health Care Reform through History.
    185. Americans’ Challenges with Health Care Costs | KFF
    186. A Young Man with Parkinson's Worries About the Costs of a GOP Health Plan.
    187. Physicians Have the Highest Suicide Rate of any Profession. So Why Haven't You Heard About It?.
    188. Health and Health Care in South Africa — 20 Years After Mandela.
    189. Zika's Approach to U.S. Raises Tricky Abortion Questions.
    190. Winter Babies at 'Higher Risk of Mental Health Disorders.
    191. Alzheimers: The Disease that Could Bankrupt Medicare.
    192. Undiagnosed Dementia in Primary Care: A Record Linkage Study.
    193. The Cost Conundrum.
    194. Doctors and Nurses Reveal the Medical Facts.
    195. Secrets the Emergency Room.
    196. U.S. Health Report.
    197. Health Reform.
    198. Health Coverage in the United States.
    199. Americans Struggling to Pay for Prescription Drugs.
    200. Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States.
    201. Mitigating the Loss of Private Insurance With Public Coverage for the Under-65 Population: 2008 to 2012.
    202. Affordable Care Act (ACA) - The Comprehensive Health Care Reform Law Enacted in March 2010 (sometimes known as ACA, PPACA, or “Obamacare”).
    203. Health Status, Health Insurance, and Medical Services Utilization.
    204. Employment-Based Health Insurance (2010).
    205. Timeline: History of Health Reform in the U.S.
    206. 1 in 3 Americans Is Having a Hard Time Paying Medical Bills.
    207. 5 Myths About the Health Care Law.
    208. 5 Things to Know About Health Care Post-Debate.
    209. 5 Biggest Problems in Health Care Today.
    210. 5 Critical Priorities for the U.S. Health Care System
    211. 6 Broken Obamacare Promises: A Retrospective on the ACA's 6th Birthday.
    212. 8 Major Problems with the U.S. Healthcare System Today
    213. 10 Top Healthcare Charts.
    214. 10 Top Things That Shaped US Healthcare.
    215. 15 Charts that Show How Obamacare Works Now
    216. 17 Key Facts About the Affordable Care Act.
    217. 24 Million Reasons the G.O.P. Health-Care Bill Is No Good.
    218. 27+ Affordable Care Act Statistics and Facts
    219. 40 Most Significant Healthcare Milestones of the Past 40 Years.
    220. 53 Interesting Facts About Barack Obama



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    8. U.S. OD Death Rate Worst Among Wealthier Nations.
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    11. Gender Prediction Kits: Are They Accurate?.
    12. UK Scientists Edit DNA of Human Embryos.
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    19. CDC Aarns Doctors to Be on Alert for Cases of Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus
    20. CDC Aarns Health-care Professionals About Vibrio Vulnificus Bacteria
    21. CDC Warns About Rise in RSV Cases Among Babies
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    23. US CDC Alerts Healthcare Providers of Increase in Meningococcal Disease
    24. Unexplained Respiratory Outbreaks (URDO)
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    26. Intel Community Bats Down Main Theory Behind ‘Havana Syndrome’ Incidents
    27. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    28. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) | NIH
    29. Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
    30. About HIV/AIDS - HIV Basics | CDC
    31. Basic Facts About HIV/AIDS
    32. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome): Fears and Facts
    33. HIV/AIDS in Arizona Annual Report
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    41. Diagnosis and Management of Acute HIV
    42. Pathophysiology of HIV/AIDS
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    44. Doctors May Be Missing Many Cases of Gonorrhea and Chlamydia in Women.
    45. Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis
    46. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea: Screening
    47. Get Tested for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
    48. Peptic Ulcer Disease (Beyond the Basics)
    49. Anaphylaxis - Symptoms and Causes
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    52. Stomach and Duodenal Ulcers in Children
    53. Common Lung Diseases Associated with Cardiovascular Risk
    54. A Common Lung Condition that Often Overlaps With Heart Disease
    55. Pulmonary Diseases and the Heart
    56. Cardiovascular Glossary A-Z
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    58. Cardiovascular Disease and COPD: Dangerous Liaisons
    59. Cardiovascular Disease: A Costly Burden for America Projections Through 2035
    60. Coronary Heart Disease - Treatment
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    62. Comparing Heart Disease Treatments
    63. Heart Failure | Heart and Stroke Foundation
    64. Heart Failure Treatment
    65. Heart Disease: A Price Humans Pay for Fertility?.
    66. Heart Disease Prevention - Strategies to Prevent Heart Disease
    67. Heart Disease & Stroke
    68. Heart Disease and Stroke | CDC
    69. Heart Disease and Stroke | Phrma
    70. Heart Disease Prevention
    71. Too Many People Still Ignore Heart Attack Risks.
    72. Really? During a Heart Attack, Dial 911 and Chew an Aspirin.
    73. Will You Have a Heart Attack? These Tests Might Tell.
    74. Can You Recognize a Heart Attack or Stroke?
    75. UVA Discovery Reveals Potential Way to Prevent Heart Attacks, Strokes
    76. Risks for Heart Disease and Stroke
    77. Could It Be Possible to Eliminate Clogged Arteries?
    78. The Heart Truth for Women.
    79. Living With Atrial Fibrillation
    80. NIH-Funded Studies Show Stents and Surgery No Better than Medication, Lifestyle Changes at Reducing Cardiac Events
    81. Heart Disease: Treatment & Care
    82. Heart Disease and Stroke With Diabetes
    83. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics – At-a-Glance
    84. Heart Attack and Stroke: Signs and Symptoms
    85. Heart Attack and Stroke Prevention in Women
    86. Heart Attack Pain Similar for Men and Women.
    87. Introduction to Ischemic Heart Disease
    88. Ischemic Heart Disease – Definition, Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Risk Factors and Treatment
    89. Diagnosis and Management of Ischemic Heart Disease
    90. Outcomes in the ISCHEMIA Trial Based on Coronary Artery Disease and Ischemia Severity
    91. Ischemic Heart Disease - Cardiac Arrhythmias
    92. Ischemic Heart Disease
    93. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Update Fact Sheet At-a-Glance
    94. Know Your Risk for Heart Disease
    95. Dr Oz: Stent Dangers: The Most Unnecessary Heart Procedure
    96. For Severe Heart Disease, Bypass Surgery Slightly Better than Stenting — With Caveats, Study Finds | Stanford Medicine
    97. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
    98. Aortobifemoral Bypass Surgery
    99. Stiffening of Arteries Detected in Young Adults.
    100. Avoiding Heart Attacks and Strokes
    101. Avoiding Heart Attacks and Strokes | WHO
    102. Preventing a Heart Attack
    103. Common Lung Conditions Linked to Heart Disease
    104. Low Serum Calcium May Increase Risk of Sudden Cardiac Arrest.
    105. Taller People May Be More Susceptible to Blood Clots.
    106. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Fact Sheet At-a-Glance
    107. Living with Heart Failure
    108. Emotional Changes After Stroke
    109. A Public Health Action Plan to Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke
    110. Heart Health, Stroke and Social Determinants of Health
    111. Stents vs. Bypass Surgery for Treating Coronary Artery Disease
    112. In the Stent Era, Heart Bypasses Get a New Look
    113. Should You Have Stenting or Bypass Surgery? | Harvard Health
    114. Stents, Bypass Surgery Show No Benefit in Heart Disease Mortality Rates Among Stable Patients | Stanford Medicine
    115. Stents Versus Coronary-Artery Bypass Grafting for Left Main Coronary Artery Disease | NEJM
    116. Drug‐Eluting Stents or Bypass Surgery for Left Main Disease: The Impact of Diabetes Mellitus
    117. Can Drug-Coated Stents Beat Bypass?
    118. The Choice Between Heart Bypass Surgery and Angioplasty
    119. Surgery for Blocked Arteries Is Often Unwarranted, Researchers Find
    120. Unfavorable Perceived Neighborhood Environment Associates with Less Routine Healthcare Utilization: Data from the Dallas Heart Study | NIH
    121. Coronary Angioplasty and Stents
    122. Habitual Tub Bathing and Risks of Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke
    123. An Overview of Cardiovascular Disease and Research
    124. Risk Calculator for Cholesterol Appears Flawed.
    125. Good vs. Bad Cholesterol.
    126. Cholesterol Level: Can It Be Too Low?
    127. The Effects of Cholesterol on the Body
    128. Symptoms of Cholesterol Problems
    129. PFAS Left Dangerous Blood Compounds in Nearly All US Study Participants
    130. Asian Americans Have the Highest PFAS Exposure, Study Finds
    131. Asian Americans Have Greater Exposure to Toxic ‘Forever Chemicals’ than Other Groups
    132. The Chemicals that Linger for Decades in Your Blood
    133. The Warning Signs of Stroke
    134. Avoiding Heart Attacks and Strokes
    135. Strokes on the Rise Among Younger Adults: Study.
    136. Healthy Lifestyle and Life Expectancy Free of Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, and Type 2 Diabetes
    137. Quality of Life After Stroke: Impact of Clinical and Sociodemographic Factors
    138. Impact of Multiple Social Determinants of Health on Incident Stroke
    139. Stroke Information Booklet
    140. Stroke Risk Factors, Genetics, and Prevention
    141. Tobacco and Stroke
    142. Alcohol and Stroke
    143. Stroke: Hope Through Research
    144. Pathophysiology of Strokes
    145. Dangers of CT Scans and X-Rays
    146. The Hidden Dangers of Medical Scans
    147. MRI Safety - Video
    148. MRI Safety and Preparation (Video)
    149. CT Scans: Are They Safe?
    150. Routine Cancer Screening: Weighing Risks and Benefits
    151. Should You Worry About the Radiation from CT Scans?
    152. Understanding Radiation Risk from Imaging Test
    153. Brain Disorders: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis
    154. Brain Diseases - List of Neurological Disorders
    155. Brain Disease: Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
    156. Brain Diseases: Definition & Types
    157. Brain Injury Due to Oxygen Deficiency / Causes
    158. Brain Area Keeps Growing in Adulthood.
    159. Brain Surgery: Purpose, Types, and Risks.
    160. The Short List of the Neurodegenerative Disease’s Symptoms
    161. Neurological Disorders
    162. Outbreaks of Unexplained Neurologic Illness — Muzaffarpur, India, 2013–2014
    163. Stroke: A Brain Attack
    164. Stroke and Brain Injury
    165. Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury
    166. Mysterious Brain Syndrome Stumps Canadian Doctors
    167. Management of Brain Injury After Resuscitation from Cardiac Arrest
    168. Can Celiac Disease Affect the Brain?
    169. Resting Brain Activity Varies with Dream Recall Frequency Between Subjects.
    170. The World's Most Famous Brain.
    171. The Most Important Five Minutes of Brain Surgery.
    172. Life After a Brain Injury: 'I'm Not Terrified of Death Anymore'
    173. Surgery Near the End of Life is Common, Costly — and Often Not What Patients Want
    174. The Worms That Invade Your Brain.
    175. Researchers Find Lapses in Hospitals' Policies for Determining Brain Death.
    176. Tumors: Benign, Premalignant and Malignant.
    177. Pediatric Brain Tumor Research: Unique Challenges and Opportunities.
    178. Breakthrough Replicates Human Brain Cells for Use in Alzheimer’s Research
    179. Aggressive Behavior After Stroke: Navigating Anger Outbursts
    180. Assessing Stroke - Scores & Scales
    181. Acute Ischemic Stroke
    182. Acute Ischemic Stroke: Current Status and Future Directions
    183. Acute Ischemic Stroke: Management Approach
    184. Acute Ischemic Stroke Management
    185. Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke
    186. Sex Differences in the Risk of Recurrent Ischemic Stroke After Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack
    187. Effects of Antiplatelet Therapy After Stroke.
    188. Cardiovascular Risks of Hypertension
    189. Unexplained Post-Acute Infection Syndromes
    190. Post-Acute Infection Syndrome
    191. Infective Syndromes
    192. Posttreatment Lyme Disease Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Comparison of Pathogenesis
    193. The Difference Between Chronic and Acute Conditions
    194. Acute Sinusitis - Symptoms and Causes
    195. Bacterial Infection: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention
    196. Health Threats from High Blood Pressure
    197. High Blood Pressure Dangers: Hypertension's Effects on Your Body
    198. High Blood Pressure Symptoms and Causes
    199. Blood Pressure: Know Your Numbers
    200. Understanding and Controlling High Blood Pressure
    201. Blood Pressure Lowering for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Death
    202. Improving Blood Pressure Control Heart, Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes Prevention ...
    203. The Role of Blood Pressure in Risk of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke in Type 1 Diabetes
    204. High Blood Pressure Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
    205. The Risk Factors of High Blood Pressure among Young Adults
    206. High Blood Pressure Risk Factors
    207. Blood Pressure Matters: Keep Hypertension in Check
    208. Blood Pressure and Your Brain
    209. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
    210. High Blood Pressure and Stroke
    211. Risk Factors: Systolic Blood Pressure
    212. Risks of Untreated Hypertension - A Discussion.
    213. Childhood Blood Pressure Trends and Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
    214. High Blood Pressure & Kidney Disease
    215. High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Disease - Hypertension
    216. Follow-up of Blood-Pressure Lowering and Glucose Control in Type 2 Diabetes
    217. Fragrance Allergy & Sensitivity: Symptoms Prevention and Treatment
    218. The Difference Between Allergies and Asthma
    219. Facts About Allergy-Induced Asthma.
    220. Surprising Signs of Adult-Onset Asthma.
    221. Monkeypox Symptoms, Causes, Pictures, Diagnosis, and Treatment
    222. Monkeypox (Poxvirus) Signs and Symptoms | CDC
    223. Monkeypox:Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
    224. Monitoring Trends in Lung Disease: Data & Statistics.
    225. Mysterious Disease Caused by Vaping.
    226. The Epidemiology of Emerging Infectious Diseases and Pandemics
    227. Possible Link Between Blood Type and COVID-19 ...
    228. Blood Type Could Be Linked to COVID-19 Risk and Severity ...
    229. COVID-19 and Blood Type
    230. COVID-19 Impact: Brain, Lung and Heart
    231. Long-term Health Effects of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
    232. Coronavirus and Heart Disease
    233. COVID-19's Consequences for the Heart
    234. Potential Effects of Coronaviruses on the Cardiovascular System
    235. Cardiac Manifestations of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
    236. COVID-19: Mask Mystery: Why Are US Officials Dismissive of Protective Covering?
    237. Estimates Show Wuhan Coronavirus Death Toll Far Higher Than Official Figure.
    238. Coronavirus (COVID-19).
    239. Novel Coronavirus (nCoV)
    240. Severe Outcomes Among Patients with Coronavirus COVID-19 Disease
    241. Are You at Higher Risk for Severe Coronavirus COVID-19 Illness?
    242. The Mysterious Disappearance of the First SARS Virus
    243. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV)
    244. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV)
    245. 1918 Pandemic (H1N1 Virus) | Pandemic Influenza (Flu)
    246. 1918 Influenza: The Mother of All Pandemics
    247. Influenza, Signs and Symptoms, Types, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment & Home Remedies
    248. Treating Influenza (Flu)
    249. Influenza (Flu) - Diagnosis and Treatment
    250. Flu (Influenza): Causes, Symptoms, Types & Treatment
    251. Diagnosing and Treating Flu
    252. Stomach Flu: Signs and Symptoms
    253. Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis): Symptoms, Causes & Diagnosis
    254. Stomach Flu Remedies
    255. Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes
    256. Pneumonia: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
    257. Pneumonia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options
    258. Pneumonia: Is It Contagious, Causes, Symptoms and Transmission
    259. Pneumonia | Johns Hopkins Medicine
    260. China Pneumonia: Everything We Know About New Outbreak of Respiratory Illness
    261. China Pneumonia Outbreak: It's Not SARS, So What Is It?
    262. Mysterious Child Pneumonia Cases Spike in Parts of Europe as COVID-Like Surge Continues in China
    263. Diarrhea and the Stomach Flu
    264. Diabetes: Cutting Carbohydrates May Help.
    265. More than 1.3bn Adults Will Have Diabetes by 2050, Study Predicts
    266. By the Numbers: Diabetes in America
    267. The Terrifying Rise of Diabetes, in Every Corner of the U.S.
    268. Global Report on Diabetes.
    269. Diabetes: Symptoms and Causes
    270. Diabetes Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment
    271. Symptoms & Causes of Diabetes
    272. An Overview of Diabetes Types and Treatments
    273. FDA Warns Diabetics Against Use of Secondhand Test Strips
    274. Gestational Diabetes Fact Sheet
    275. Understanding Gestational Diabetes - Fact Sheet
    276. 'Alarming' Rise in Diabetes Expected Globally by 2050, Study Says
    277. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    278. Diabetes Mellitus Management of Gestational Diabetes
    279. Blood Sugar Levels & Ranges (Low, Normal & High) Chart
    280. WHO Proposed Sugar Recommendation Comes to Less Than a Soda per Day.
    281. Screening, Diagnosis, and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    282. Diagnosis and Treatment of Gestational Diabetes
    283. Gestational Diabetes and Pregnancy | CDC
    284. Management of Diabetes in Pregnancy
    285. Gestational Diabetes: Screening Strategies, Glycemic Targets and Pharmacologic Management
    286. Cholecystitis | Johns Hopkins Medicine
    287. Primary Biliary Cholangitis: Symptoms and Causes
    288. Cholecystitis - Symptoms and Causes
    289. Jaundice: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
    290. Jaundice Treatment: Procedure, Cost, Recovery, Side Effects
    291. Infant Jaundice - Symptoms & Causes
    292. Common Causes of Jaundice in Adults
    293. Jaundice in Adults - Liver and Gallbladder Disorders
    294. Overview of Gallbladder and Bile Duct Disorders
    295. Gallbladder Disease
    296. Low Functioning Gallbladder - Gallbladder, Liver, Pancreas & Spleen Issues
    297. Common Diseases That Affect the Liver and Gallbladder
    298. Liver and Gallbladder: Anatomy, Location and Functions
    299. Liver and Gallbladder Disease in Diabetes
    300. Liver Failure
    301. Liver, Pancreas and Gallbladder Conditions
    302. Alcohol-Related Liver Disease
    303. Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Life Expectancy
    304. Asthma - Symptoms and Causes
    305. Asthma: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
    306. Asthma Attack - Symptoms and Causes
    307. Respiratory Diseases and Disorders
    308. Chest and Lung Disease & Disorders
    309. Interstitial Lung Disease - Diagnosis and Treatment
    310. Rare Lung Diseases: Types, Causes & Treatment
    311. Lung Disease Lookup
    312. Lung Disease A - Z
    313. Lung Diseases Overview
    314. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Symptoms and Causes
    315. Pulmonary Fibrosis - Symptoms and Causes
    316. Tuberculosis
    317. Tuberculosis: Definition, Cause, Symptoms, & Treatment
    318. Tuberculosis: Symptoms and Causes
    319. Tuberculosis Mortality Nearly Halved since 1990.
    320. Mesothelioma: Symptoms and Causes
    321. Can a Mesothelioma Prognosis Be Improved?.
    322. Malignant Mesothelioma Treatment–Patient Version.
    323. Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: An Update on Diagnosis and Treatment Options.
    324. Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: An Epidemiological Perspective.
    325. Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Symptoms
    326. New STD Cases Hit Record High in US.
    327. STD Diseases & Related Conditions
    328. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
    329. Signs and Symptoms of Common STDs in Men
    330. Signs & Symptoms for the Most Common STDs
    331. STD Pictures: Herpes, Genital Warts, Gonorrhea, STD Symptoms, & Testing
    332. The Incubation Period of Common STIs
    333. Genital Herpes - Symptoms and Causes
    334. Gonorrhea - Symptoms and Causes
    335. Understanding Diverticulosis.
    336. Nearly 3 Million Americans Living With Hepatitis C.
    337. Lower Abdominal Pain: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
    338. Migraines to Cluster Headaches: The Most Painful Headaches.
    339. Migraine – More than a Headache
    340. Acute Migraine Treatment
    341. Migraine Headache Prophylaxis
    342. Migraine - Diagnosis and Treatment.
    343. Acute Migraine Headache: Treatment Strategies
    344. Migraine: Diagnotics and Management
    345. Pathophysiology of Migraine
    346. The Pathophysiology of Migraine: Implications for Clinical Management
    347. Headaches
    348. Myasthenia Gravis: Symptoms and Causes.
    349. Dementia's Disease
    350. Dementia - Symptoms and Causes | Mayo Clinic
    351. Understanding Different Types of Dementia | NIH
    352. Alzheimer's Disease
    353. Alzheimer's Disease Fact Sheet | NIH
    354. Alzheimer's Disease Deaths up 55 Percent.
    355. Alzheimer's Breakthrough: Potential Cause of the Disease.
    356. New Link Between Diabetes, Alzheimer's Found.
    357. Alzheimer's May Vary, Brain to Brain.
    358. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) - Diagnosis and Treatment
    359. High Blood Pressure & Kidney Disease
    360. Chronic Kidney Disease Basics
    361. Chronic Kidney Disease: Symptoms and Cause
    362. Chronic Kidney Disease Stages: Symptoms & Treatment
    363. Kidney Disease: Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
    364. Fluoride May Affect Kidney and Liver Function.
    365. Kidneys from Deceased Diabetics Might Ease Organ Shortage.
    366. Nephritis: Addressing Inflammation of the Kidneys
    367. Preventing Chronic Kidney Disease
    368. Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Failure
    369. Kidney Failure
    370. Stages of Kidney Disease
    371. Diabetic Kidney Disease
    372. Diabetes and Pancreas
    373. The Connection Between Diabetes and Pancreas: Role of Insulin
    374. Pancreatitis: Symptoms and Causes
    375. Symptoms & Causes of Pancreatitis
    376. Pancreas Disease | National Pancreas Foundation
    377. Disorders of the Pancreas: Types, Symptoms & Treatments
    378. Pancreatic Disorders
    379. Pancreatitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatments, Tests
    380. Abdominal Pain: Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, Relief & Diet
    381. Stomach Pain in Intervals: Causes, Treatment, Seeing a Doctor
    382. Stomach Ache: Causes, Treatment, Medicine - Pain in Left, Right, Lower Abdomen
    383. Stomach (Peptic) Ulcer: Signs, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
    384. Symptoms & Causes of Peptic Ulcers (Stomach or Duodenal Ulcers)
    385. Ulcer Treatments & Medications.
    386. Stomach and Duodenal Ulcers (Peptic Ulcers)
    387. Peptic Ulcer Disease: Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention
    388. Peptic Ulcer - Diagnosis and Treatment
    389. Improve Gut Health: Recognize the Signs of an Unhealthy Gut
    390. Digestive Diseases
    391. Digestive Disorders | JHU
    392. Gut Troubles
    393. Gut Troubles: Pain, Gassiness, Bloating
    394. Impacts of Gut Bacteria on Human Health and Diseases
    395. Digestive System Diseases: Common, Rare, Serious Types
    396. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) - Symptoms and Causes
    397. Gastrointestinal Diseases: Symptoms, Treatment & Causes
    398. Bacterial Gastroenteritis: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention
    399. Gastrointestinal Infection: Symptoms, Types, and Treatment
    400. Quick Facts: Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD)
    401. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) and Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR)
    402. Treatment of Viral Gastroenteritis (“Stomach Flu”)
    403. Is It Acid Reflux or GERD?
    404. Acid Reflux, Heartburn, and GERD Basics & Causes
    405. Acid Reflux Causes, Treatment, and Symptoms
    406. GERD Facts and Statistics
    407. Zika Damages at All Stages of Pregnancy.
    408. Sessile Polyp: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
    409. Colon and Rectal Polyps
    410. Colon Polyps (Beyond the Basics)
    411. All About Colon Polyps.
    412. Colorectal Polyp - An Overview.
    413. Polyps of the Colon and Rectum.
    414. Comparison of Polyp Size and Volume at CT Colonography: Implications for Follow-Up CT Colonography
    415. The “Difficult” Colorectal Polyps and Adenomas: Practical Aspects
    416. Understanding a Pathology Report: Colon Polyps (Sessile or Traditional Serrated Adenomas)
    417. They Found Colon Polyps: Now What?
    418. Understanding Polyps and Their Treatment
    419. Hangnails: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
    420. This Ancestor Gave Herpes to Humans
    421. Eating Polyunsaturated Fats Linked to Slowing Diabetes Progress for Some
    422. Infections and Infectious Diseases
    423. Hepatitis C and Opioids.
    424. Joint Pain: Causes, Home Remedies, and Complications
    425. Aging Knee, Knee Pain, and Hip Pain
    426. Knee Pain: Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment
    427. Joint Pain and Arthritis | CDC
    428. Diagnostic Approach to Polyarticular Joint Pain
    429. Joint Pain a Problem? Find out the What Causes, Signs, & Pain Relief Options!
    430. Managing Arthritis Pain | GWU
    431. Managing Your Arthritis Pain
    432. Living Your Life with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
    433. Pregnant Women with Epilepsy at Increased Risk of Dying During Childbirth.
    434. C-Section Births Significantly Raise Blood Clot Risk.
    435. Anesthesiologist Trashes Sedated Patient — and It Ends Up Costing Her.
    436. The Man Who Cut Out His Own Appendix
    437. Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa — The First 9 Months of the Epidemic and Forward Projections.
    438. Human Skin Cells Reprogrammed Directly into Brain Cells
    439. The Freaky Thing Your Brain Can Do While You're Asleep.
    440. Insomnia in Adults Linked to Heart Attack and Stroke
    441. Sleep Disorders - Symptoms and Causes.
    442. Sleepless Nights Could Raise Heart Risks
    443. Sleep Duration and Myocardial Infarction
    444. Fastest Ways to Overcome Baby’s 4 Months Sleep Regression.
    445. Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome.
    446. Sleep Apnea - Symptoms and Causes.
    447. The Effects of Sleep Apnea on the Body.
    448. Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Fatty Liver: Association or Causal Link?.
    449. Insomnia Could Raise Risk of Heart Disease and Death in Men.
    450. Stem Cell Research Papers Are Retracted.
    451. Young Blood May Hold Key to Reversing Aging.
    452. The Comeback of Polio Is a Public Health Emergency.
    453. Pelvic Floor Muscle Spasm: Symptoms and Treatments
    454. Muscle Spasms, Causes, and Diagnosis
    455. Muscle Spasm Causes, Treatment, Types & Duration
    456. Muscle Spasms (Muscle Cramps): Causes, Pain Relief & Treatment
    457. More Complicated Than 'Pink Viagra': What You Should Know About Flibanserin (Addyi).
    458. Declines in Births to Females Aged 10–14 in the United States, 2000–2016.
    459. Scientists Edge Closer Towards First Pancreatitis Treatment
    460. Smokers May Have Increased Risk of Pancreatitis.
    461. Autism Spectrum Disorder
    462. Autism and Related Disorders
    463. Autism Medical Comorbidities
    464. Autism Spectrum Disorder - Symptoms and Causes
    465. Autism Spectrum Disorder Fact Sheet
    466. Autism and Co-Occurring Conditions
    467. Autism in Women: Signs, Diagnosis, and Treatment
    468. Signs and Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders
    469. Common Comorbid Conditions in ASD - Autism Resources
    470. No Link Between Celiac Disease and Autism.
    471. FDA Warns Against Bogus Autism 'Cures'.
    472. Researchers Make Progress in Autism Studies.
    473. Everyone Could Use a Little More Autism Awareness
    474. Common Health Problems in Children
    475. Common Health Problems in Babies & Infants
    476. Premature Baby Health Problems
    477. The Oldest Medical Books in the World.
    478. Neurological Disorders A-Z.
    479. Medical Terminology
    480. 1 in 12 Americans Lives With Debilitating Chronic Pain.
    481. 5 Ways to Prevent a Heart Attack.
    482. 5 Things You Need to Know About Zika.
    483. 5 Most Mysterious Diseases on Earth (video).
    484. 5 Mysteries of the Brain.
    485. 5 Facts About Acid Reflux.
    486. 5 Fast Facts About Acid Reflux.
    487. 5 Rare Mental Disorders.
    488. 5 of the World's Most Ultra-Rare Diseases.
    489. 6 Ancient Treatments Doctors Still Use.
    490. 6 Serious Medical Symptoms.
    491. 6 Strangest Medieval Diseases.
    492. 6 Types of Brain Disorders
    493. 6 Reasons Healthcare Is So Expensive in the U.S..
    494. 7 Unusual Ancient Medical Techniques.
    495. 7 Facts About GERD and Acid Reflux.
    496. 7 Things to Prevent a Stroke.
    497. 8 Things to Know About the U.S. COVID-19 Vaccination Program.
    498. 9 Different Types of Brain Diseases and Disorders
    499. 10 Strangest Known Medical Conditions.
    500. 10 Mystery Diseases.
    501. 10 Weirdest Diseases.
    502. 10 Weird Epidemics That Remain a Mystery
    503. 10 Weird Brain Disorders That Totally Mess With Your Perception of Reality
    504. 10 Common Elderly Health Issues
    505. 10 Common Childhood Illnesses and Their Treatments
    506. 10 Common Health Problems Among Newborns and Infants
    507. 10 Common Brain Diseases
    508. 10 Common Medications That Cause Joint Pain
    509. 10 Controversial Psychiatric Disorders.
    510. 10 Surprising Alzheimer’s Predictors.
    511. 10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer's
    512. 10 Signs You Might Have Hip Arthritis
    513. 10 Top Mysterious Diseases.
    514. 10 Top Causes of Death in the U.S.
    515. 10 Top Causes of Death Worldwide
    516. 10 Top Most Common Chronic Diseases for Older Adults
    517. 10 Things to Do for Your Mental Health.
    518. 10 Places Where Health Insurance Costs the Most.
    519. 12 Most Debilitating Diseases.
    520. 12 Strange Diseases and Syndromes.
    521. 12 Common Old Age Health Problems and Solutions
    522. 13 Diseases Tied to Dementia: Symptoms and Prognosis
    523. 15 Common Health Problems and Diseases in Babies
    524. 15 Most Horrifying Mental Disorders of All Time.
    525. 15 Most Common Health Concerns for Seniors
    526. 18 Most Common Nervous System Diseases
    527. 23-Year-Old Woman With Diffuse Muscle and Joint Pain
    528. 27 Unexpected Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs.
    ▷ Cancer
    1. Overview of Cancer and Cancer Treatment
    2. Cancer as a Disease
    3. Cancer Basics
    4. Cancer Fact Sheets | cancer.gov
    5. Cancer: In Depth
    6. Cancer: Facts, Causes, Symptoms and Research.
    7. Cancer, Cancer Information, Facts, News, Photos
    8. Cancer Risk Factors and Causes
    9. Cancer and the Environment.
    10. Cancer and Oxidative Stress.
    11. Causes of Cancer.
    12. Cancer Causes, Risks, and Prevention
    13. Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
    14. Cancer: Early Detection and Control | WHO
    15. Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment | WHO
    16. Cancer Patients in SARS-CoV-2 Infection.
    17. Cancer - Symptoms and Causes
    18. Cancer Treatment Options.
    19. Cancer Treatment Myths: Any Truth to These Common Beliefs?
    20. Cancer Treatment and Survivorship Facts & Figures 2019-2021
    21. Cancer: Overview, Causes, Treatments, and Types.
    22. Cancer Treatment Breakthroughs
    23. Cancer Cases and Treatments
    24. Cancer Facts & Figures (2022)
    25. Cancer, Chemo May Lower Alzheimer's Risk, Study Suggests..
    26. Cancer May Get Help from Immune Cells.
    27. Cancer Screening for Older Patients: More Harm than Good?
    28. Cancer Statistics Report: Death Rate Down 23% in 21 Years.
    29. Cancer Rates by Human Development Index
    30. Cancer Death Rate Continues Steady Drop.
    31. Cancer Death Rates Down 23 Percent Since 1991: Study.
    32. Cancer Deaths in US Declined by 2% Every Year Since 2016
    33. Cancer, Common Cancer Types and Mortality Rates in the United States
    34. Cancer Prevention: Take Charge of Your Lifestyle
    35. Cancer Care Twice as Costly in U.S. Versus Canada.
    36. Cancer and Cancer Therapeutics.
    37. Cancer Diagnosis and Mental Health
    38. Cancer Immunotherapy at a Crossroads.
    39. Cancer Facts & Figures: 2023 - 2022 - 2021 - 2020 - 2019 - 2018 - 2017 - 2016
    40. Worldwide Cancer Data
    41. Cancer Survival Rate: A Tool to Understand Your Prognosis
    42. Most Cancers in Our World Pandemic Are Preventable.
    43. An Update on Cancer Deaths in the United States
    44. An Introduction to Cancer and Basic Cancer Vocabulary
    45. The True Causes of Cancer
    46. List of Cancer Types
    47. Kinds of Cancer | CDC
    48. Types of Common Cancers
    49. Common Cancer Types | National Cancer Institute
    50. Common Cancer Myths and Misconceptions
    51. Myths and Facts About Cancer
    52. Understanding Maintenance Therapy - Treatment of Cancer with Medication
    53. Types of Cancer Treatment | cancer.gov
    54. Types of Cancer Treatments
    55. Early Cancer Warning Signs: 5 Symptoms You Shouldn't Ignore
    56. After Endometrial Cancer Treatment
    57. Introduction to Cancer Biology.
    58. Chances of Cancer Surviving - Interactive Risk Charts
    59. Age and Cancer Risk
    60. Lifetime Risk of Cancer
    61. Risk Factors for Cancer
    62. Understanding Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment
    63. Overview of Cancer and Cancer Treatment.
    64. New Ideas in Cancer Treatment
    65. The Many Ways Cancer Was Treated in the Ancient World
    66. Chemicals, Cancer, and You
    67. Clinical Cancer Advances: ASCO's Report on Progress Against Cancer
    68. Annual Report on Progress Against Cancer (2020).
    69. Targeted Therapies: A New Generation of Cancer Treatments
    70. The Costs of Cancer.
    71. Immunotherapy for All Cancer Types.
    72. Chemotherapy: Uses, Side Effects, and Procedure.
    73. Chemotherapy and Your Mouth
    74. Treatment and Support for Stomach Cancer.
    75. Facts and Information About Blood Cancer.
    76. Effects of Anti-Cancer Drugs on Organs and Body Systems
    77. Side Effects of Cancer.
    78. Imminent Global Cancer 'Disaster' Reflects Aging, Lifestyle Factors | WHO
    79. Studies Link Cancer Patients' Survival Time to Insurance Status.
    80. Is There a Cure for Cancer? Understanding the Latest Research
    81. Can Cancer Be Cured?
    82. Will Cancer Ever Be Cured?
    83. Medicare Coverage of Cancer Treatment Services | Medicare.gov
    84. Long-Term Side Effects of Cancer Treatment.
    85. Alzheimer's Toll May Rank with Cancer and Heart Disease.
    86. Alzheimer's Tied to Less Cancer, and Vice Versa.
    87. Antibiotic 'Link to Bowel Cancer Precursor'.
    88. A Better Way to Treat Cancer.
    89. The Truth Behind Three Natural Cancer “Cures”.
    90. Do CT Scans Cause Cancer?
    91. Problems with CT Scans for Cancer Diagnosis
    92. CT Scans May Increase Risk of Brain Cancer
    93. In Cancer War, Patients and Doctors Worry About Unneeded Cancer Scans and Therapy.
    94. Cell Phones and Cancer Risk Fact Sheet
    95. Hair Dyes and Cancer Risk
    96. Benzene and Cancer Risk
    97. Lower Back Pain: Could It Be Cancer?
    98. The Psychosocial Needs of Cancer Patients - Cancer Care for the Whole Patient
    99. Training the Immune System to Fight Cancer Has 19th-Century Roots.
    100. Gum Disease Bacteria Associated with Esophageal Cancer.
    101. Oral Bacteria May Double Risk of Pancreatic Cancer.
    102. Protein Found to Play Key Role in the Spread of of Pancreatic Cancer.
    103. The Startling Rise in Oral Cancer in Men, and What It Says About our Changing Sexual Habits.
    104. More U.S. Women Living Longer with Advanced Breast Cancer.
    105. Brain Tumor
    106. Brain Tumors in Adults
    107. Key Statistics for Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors
    108. The Most Common Brain Tumor.
    109. Survival Rates for Selected Adult Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors
    110. Survival for Brain and Spinal Cord Tumours
    111. Survival Statistics for Brain and Spinal Cord Tumours
    112. Brain Cancer: Symptoms, Survival Rate, Types, Treatment
    113. Brain Cancer: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications
    114. Deadly Brain Cancer Genes Identified.
    115. Brain Cancer Is Now the Leading Cancer Killer of Kids.
    116. Brain Cancer Stages, Grades and Survival Rates
    117. Stage 4 Brain Cancer Life Expectancy
    118. Immunotherapy for Brain Cancer
    119. Life Expectancy for Brain Metastases
    120. Survival in Patients With Brain Metastases
    121. Malignant Brain Tumour (Brain Cancer
    122. Types of Bone Cancer: Common, Rare and More Varieties
    123. Bone Cancer: Survival Rates and Statistics
    124. Bone Cancer - Symptoms and Causes
    125. Bone Cancer: Symptoms, Signs, Treatment, Causes & Stages
    126. Bone Cancer: Types, Causes & Symptoms
    127. Bone Cancer Life Expectancy
    128. Early Stage Kidney Cancer
    129. Understanding Kidney Cancer
    130. Kidney Cancer Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging
    131. Kidney Cancer
    132. Kidney Cancer 101
    133. Kidney Cancer Statistics
    134. Questions and Answers About Kidney Cancer
    135. Basic Information About Prostate Cancer
    136. Guys: You Don't Want That PSA Test for Prostate Cancer.
    137. Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Linked With Depression.
    138. Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Side Effects of Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer
    139. Prostate Cancer
    140. Prostate Cancer | The Lancet
    141. Prostate Cancer Diagnosis: Do You Need a Second Opinion?
    142. Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Treatment, Survival Rate, Stages, Surgery
    143. Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment.
    144. Prostate Cancer Basics: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Side ...
    145. Prostate Cancer Treatments Have Varying Side Effects, Study Shows
    146. Prostate Cancer: Urine 'Sniff Test' May Reduce Unwarranted Biopsies.
    147. Prostate Cancer Stages | Johns Hopkins Medicine.
    148. Prostate Cancer Stages and Other Ways to Assess Risk
    149. Prostate Cancer: Palliative Care and Pain Relief
    150. Prostate Cancer in Primary Care
    151. Prostate Cancer Risk in Men of Differing Genetic Ancestry and Approaches to Disease Screening and Management in These Groups
    152. Common Treatment for Early Prostate Cancer May Carry Heart Risk.
    153. Treatment of Advanced Prostate Cancer
    154. Advanced Prostate Cancer: Managing Symptoms and Getting Support
    155. Hormonal Therapy for Prostate Cancer
    156. Radical Prostatectomy, External Beam Radiotherapy, ... in Patients With Gleason Score 9-10 Prostate Cancer
    157. Survival Rates for Prostate Cancer
    158. Black Men With Prostate Cancer May Live Longer Than White Men.
    159. Researchers Uncover Process That Drives Prostate Cancer Metastasis.
    160. To Treat or Not to Treat Prostate Cancer?
    161. Heart Cancer: Is There Such a Thing?.
    162. Gastric Cancer | Johns Hopkins Medicine.
    163. Gastric Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment Options
    164. Malignant Hypercalcaemia - Definition, Symptoms and Treatment
    165. Malignant Mesothelioma Cancer - Stages, Prognosis, Treatment
    166. Basic Information About Lung Cancer | CDC
    167. Is Lung Cancer Screening Right for You?
    168. Lung Cancer Survival Rates: Find Rates by Stages & Types
    169. Stages of Lung Cancer (by Type): Effect on Survival
    170. Understanding Lung Cancer Survival Rates by Type, Stage, Age, ...
    171. Life Expectancy for Lung Cancer Patients
    172. Stage 1 Lung Cancer Survival Rate
    173. Stage 2 Lung Cancer Life Expectancy
    174. Stage 3 Lung Cancer Life Expectancy
    175. Stage 4 Lung Cancer Life Expectancy With and Without Treatment
    176. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Stages
    177. Treatment of Lung Cancer
    178. Lung Cancer.
    179. Lung Cancer Fact Sheet
    180. Lung Cancer Statistics
    181. Lung Cancer: The World's Deadliest Cancer
    182. Lung Cancer Symptoms.
    183. Lung Cancer: Symptoms and Causes
    184. Lung Cancer: Diagnosis, Treatment Principles, and Screening
    185. Lung Cancer: Causes, Stages, Life Expectancy, and More.
    186. Lung Cancer: Biology and Treatment Options
    187. Surprising Lung Cancer Symptoms.
    188. First New Treatment Approved for Small Cell Lung Cancer in 20 Years.
    189. New Immunotherapy for Lung Cancer.
    190. AI Took a Test to Detect Lung Cancer.
    191. Alcohol, Processed Meats May Raise Stomach Cancer Risk.
    192. The Stomach, Gastritis, Stomach Polyps, Stomach Cancer.
    193. Stomach Cancer Diagnostics — New Insights on Stages of Tumor Growth
    194. Liver Cancer | NCBI.
    195. Liver Cancer: Symptoms, Signs, Causes & Treatment
    196. Liver Cancer Risk Factors.
    197. Types of Liver Cancer
    198. Understanding Cancer in the Liver.
    199. Cholangiocarcinoma (Bile Duct Cancer): Symptoms and Causes
    200. Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma): Symptoms, Causes, Tests and Treatments
    201. Bile Duct Cancer Symptoms, Prognosis, Causes & Risk Factors
    202. Bile Duct Cancer Treatment
    203. Bile Duct Cancer Life Expectancy
    204. Bile Duct Cancer Life Expectancy | HRF
    205. Bile Duct Cancer Stages and Survival Rate
    206. Bile Duct Cancer Symptoms and Signs
    207. Bile Duct Cancer Stage 4 & End Of Life Care
    208. Stages of Bile Duct Cancer - Stages of Cholangiocarcinoma
    209. Keep Colon Cancer at Bay
    210. Colon Polyps: Symptoms, Causes, Cancer Risk, Treatment, and Prevention
    211. Colorectal Cancer Screening and Surveillances.
    212. Colorectal Cancer Causes, Risk Factors, and Prevention
    213. Colorectal Tumors Exacerbated by Mouth Microbes.
    214. Colorectal Cancer Epidemiology: Incidence, Mortality, Survival, and Risk Factors
    215. Colorectal Cancer: Screening (Recommendation)
    216. Colorectal Cancer Facts & Figures 2020-2022
    217. Colorectal Cancer Screening Tests.
    218. Colorectal Cancer Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging
    219. Colorectal Cancer Statistics
    220. That Polyp Has Cancer?
    221. New Biomarkers for Colorectal Cancer.
    222. Simpler Home Test for Colon Cancer Offered.
    223. Could Loss of a Hormone Drive Colon Cancer?.
    224. Mis-Sizing of Adenomatous Polyps Is Common among Endoscopists and Impacts Colorectal Cancer Screening Recommendations
    225. All About Pancreatic Cancer.
    226. Signs and Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer.
    227. Pancreatic Cancer | The Lancet.
    228. Pancreatic Cancer Handbook.
    229. Pancreatic Cancer: A Review of Clinical Diagnosis.
    230. Pancreatic Cancer - Symptoms and Causes
    231. Pancreatic Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Patient Version.
    232. Pancreatic Cancer: A Review of Clinical Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Treatment and Outcomes.
    233. Pancreatic Cancer Treatment (Adult)
    234. Pancreatic Cancer Stages 4, Symptoms, Treatment, Causes
    235. Pancreatic Cancer Will Be 2nd Deadliest Cancer by 2030
    236. Pancreatic Cancer: Causes and Symptoms.
    237. Pancreatic Cancer Center: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatments.
    238. Pancreatic Cancer Stages.
    239. Pancreatic Cancer Treatments by Stage.
    240. New Research to Combat Pancreatic Cancer.
    241. Cervical Cancer Statistics
    242. Cervical Cancer - Symptoms and Causes
    243. Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
    244. Cervical Cancer
    245. Cervical Cancer Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging
    246. Nutrition in Cancer
    247. Nutrition & Breast Cancer
    248. Is There a Link Between Breast-Feeding and Breast Cancer?
    249. An Introduction to Breast Cancer.
    250. Types of Breast Cancer Tumors.
    251. Breast Cancer Risk and Prevention.
    252. Breast Cancer Linked to Bacterial Imbalances?
    253. Breast Cancers Predicted to Rise by 50 Percent by 2030.
    254. Breast Cancer - Diagnosis and Treatment
    255. Breast Cancer Information - An Overview.
    256. Breast Cancer Facts & Figures (2019-2020)
    257. Breast Cancer Statistics
    258. Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Stages, Types Causes, and Treatment.
    259. Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment ...
    260. Breast Cancer Myths: Separating Fact from Fiction.
    261. Gallbladder Cancer Statistics
    262. Gallbladder Cancer Stages 1, 2, 3, 4
    263. Gallbladder Cancer: Symptoms, Treatment & Prognosis
    264. Gallbladder Cancer - Symptoms and Causes
    265. Gallbladder Cancer: Causes, Prognosis, Signs, and More
    266. Gallbladder Cancer: Types, Treatment, and Survival
    267. Thyroid Gland.
    268. Leukemia - Symptoms and Causes
    269. Leukemia: Symptoms, Causes, Types, Diagnosis, Treatment
    270. Leukemia: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications
    271. Survival Rate of Leukemia
    272. Emotions and Cancer
    273. Blood Test 'Boost' in Ovarian Cancer Fight.
    274. Immunotherapy for Rare Skin Cancer.
    275. Melanoma Treatment
    276. About Skin Cancer
    277. Skin Cancer
    278. Skin Cancer and Rashes: Cancerous and Precancerous Lesions.
    279. Skin Cancer in Skin of Color
    280. Skin Cancer: Melanoma, Basal Cell and Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    281. Skin Cancer, Facts and Common Types
    282. Skin Cancer: Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors & Treatment
    283. Skin Cancer Treatment
    284. Skin Cancer: Symptoms and Causes
    285. Skin Cancer Image Gallery - Photos of Skin Cancer
    286. Skin Cancer Symptoms: Pictures & Types
    287. Skin Cancer Facts & Statistics | skincancer.org
    288. Skin Cancer Facts & Statistics
    289. Skin Cancer Statistics
    290. Action to Prevent Skin Cancer
    291. Is It Skin Cancer?
    292. Most Dangerous Cancers in Men and Women
    293. Spotting Cancer in a Vial of Blood.
    294. FDA Warns 14 Companies on Bogus Cancer 'Cures'.
    295. Woman’s Blood Cancer Killed by Measles Virus in Unprecedented Trial.
    296. Cancer in Children & Adolescents.
    297. Surgeon General Links Colon Cancer, Diabetes to Smoking.
    298. High Cholesterol Diagnosis Tied to Lower Breast Cancer Risk.
    299. Experts Call for Redefinition of 'Cancer'.
    300. New Risk Factor for Mouth Cancer Uncovered.
    301. Surgery for Penile Cancer.
    302. Addressing Your Cancer Risk.
    303. Genome's Dark Matter Offers Clues to Major Challenge in Prostate Cancer.
    304. Rarest Types of Cancer
    305. Rare Cancers
    306. Rare Cancers in Adults.
    307. Types of Rare Cancers.
    308. "Families" and List of Rare Cancers
    309. About Rare Cancers | Cancer Research UK.
    310. FDA Approves First U.S. Gene Therapy Treatment for Cancer.
    311. Coffee Drinkers Need Cancer Warning, Judge Rules, Giving Sellers the Jitters.
    312. "Aetna Needed to Pay’; Jury Awards $25M to Oklahoma Family of Cancer Patient Denied Coverage
    313. A to Z List of Cancer Types | National Cancer Institute.
    314. 1 in 5 U.S. Cancers Is 'Rare'.
    315. 5 Breakthroughs in Cancer Detection and Treatment.
    316. 5 Cancer Treatments That Aren't Chemotherapy
    317. 5 Top Deadliest Cancers
    318. 5 Top Deadliest Cancers | WebMD
    319. 5 Most Dangerous Cancers Affecting Women
    320. 7 Most Curable Cancers Based on 5-Year Relative Survival
    321. 7 Rarest Cancers in the World
    322. 7 Steps to Prevent Cancer.
    323. 9 Early Signs of Lung Cancer
    324. 10 Warning Signs of Bone Cancer You Should Never Ignore
    325. 10 Rare Cancers: Symptoms & Treatment
    326. 10 Commandments of Cancer Prevention
    327. 10 Things You Should Do If You Are Diagnosed with Cancer
    328. 10 Things You Need to Know About Blood Cancer
    329. 10 Most Fatal Types of Cancer
    330. 10 Most Promising Experimental Cancer Treatments
    331. 10 Top Deadliest Cancers
    332. 10 Deadliest Cancers and Why There's No Cure
    333. 11 Facts About Leukemia and Other Blood Cancers
    334. 17 Interesting Cancer Facts You Need to Know
    335. 27+ Breast Cancer Statistics and Facts
    336. 45 Interesting Facts About Cancer
    337. 47 Interesting Facts About Cancer
    338. 52 Important Facts About Breast Cancer
    ▷ Eye, Ear, Nose, Throat & Mouth Diseases
    1. Eye Health A-Z
    2. Eye Diseases | GARD
    3. Eye Diseases
    4. Eye Disease: Types, Diagnosis, Treatments, & Facts | Britannica
    5. Eye Disease Statistics Fact Sheet
    6. Eye Diseases and Problems – Glaucoma
    7. Eye Diseases: Common Retinal Disorders, Symptoms, Causes
    8. Eye Diseases and Disorders
    9. Eye Diseases - Glaucoma | MedlinePlus
    10. Eye Diseases Cataract and Dry Eye
    11. Eye Disorders
    12. Eye Surgery & Procedures
    13. Eye Conditions and Diseases
    14. Eye Problems in Adults
    15. Eye Problems May Be Tied to Zika, Lab Study Suggests
    16. Eye Health and Sight Loss Stats and Facts
    17. The Eye in Systemic Disease (Diabetes, MS, AIDS, Down's Syndrome)
    18. Visual Problems After Stroke
    19. Top Causes of Eye Problems
    20. Dangerous Eye Problems You Should Never Ignore
    21. Common Eye Disorders and Diseases | CDC
    22. Common Eye Disorders & Diseases That Cause Vision Problems
    23. Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Diseases
    24. Ophthalmic Manifestations of Eating Disorders
    25. Systemic Conditions with Ocular and Visual Manifestations
    26. Systemic Disease and the Eye
    27. List of Systemic Diseases With Ocular Manifestations | Wikipedia
    28. Woman's Eye Infection Due to Brain-Eating Amoeba From Contact Lenses
    29. Understanding Common Eye Diseases
    30. Age-Related Eye Diseases and Conditions - See Well for a Lifetime
    31. Age-Related Eye Diseases and Conditions
    32. Age-Related Macular Degeneration
    33. Epidemiology of Eye Disease in the Elderly
    34. Management of Digital Eye Strain | NIH
    35. Computers, Digital Devices and Eye Strain
    36. Prevent Eyestrain from Digital Devices
    37. Digital Eye Strain: Myths and Facts
    38. Digital Eye Strain
    39. Digital Eye Strain | nceyes.org
    40. Red Eye Causes
    41. Uveitis - Symptoms and Causes
    42. Blepharitis - Symptoms and Causes
    43. Vision Impairment and Blindness
    44. Blindness: Causes, Type, Treatment & Symptoms
    45. Prevention and Management of Diabetes-Related Eye Disease
    46. Causes of Blindness and Vision Impairment and Trends over 30 Years
    47. Types of Eye Surgery
    48. Partial Recovery of Visual Function in a Blind Patient After Optogenetic Therapy
    49. The Role of Fish Oil in Inflammatory Eye Diseases
    50. Differentiate Red Eye Disorders
    51. Case Studies in Dry Eye Disease, Glaucoma, and Diabetic Macular Edema
    52. Refractive Errors, Eye Exams, Eye Diseases and the Optical Shop
    53. Economic Burden of Vision Loss and Eye Disorders in the United States
    54. Understanding and Living with Glaucoma
    55. Glaucoma - Diagnosis and Treatment
    56. Glaucoma: An Eye or a Brain Disease?
    57. Glaucoma - A Eye Disorder Its Causes, Risk Factor, Prevention and Medication
    58. Glaucoma-Deep: Detection of Glaucoma Eye Disease on Retinal Fundus Images Using Deep Learning
    59. Dry Eyes - Symptoms and Causes | Mayo Clinic
    60. Dry Eye Disease - Glaucoma
    61. Dry Macular Degeneration - Symptoms and Causes
    62. Detection of Glaucoma Disease from Optical Images Using Image Processing and Machine Learning Techniques
    63. Retinal Diseases: Symptoms and Causes
    64. Retinal Disorders - Retina - Macular Degeneration
    65. Retina Degeneration - An overview
    66. Inherited Retinal Diseases
    67. Blindness and Visual Impairment Due to Retinal Diseases
    68. Inherited Retinal Diseases Are the Most Common Cause of Blindness ...
    69. Night Blindness (Nyctalopia): Definition, Causes & Symptoms
    70. Visual Impairement Including Blindness Guidance Handbook
    71. Introduction to Normal Binocular Vision
    72. Binocular Double Vision – A Review
    73. Binocular Vision
    74. Bipolar Disorder Signs and Symptoms.
    75. Monocular vs Binocular Diplopia
    76. Double Trouble: Post‐Surgical Strabismus
    77. Understanding Cataracts
    78. Cataract Surgery: Risk Management Recommendations
    79. Cataract Basics
    80. Cataracts | National Eye Institute
    81. Cataract Data and Statistics
    82. Cataract Surgery and Dry Eye Disease: A Review
    83. Cataract Surgery
    84. Cataract Surgery | Wikipedia
    85. Cataract Surgery | Johns Hopkins Medicine
    86. Cataract Surgery & Treatment
    87. Benefits and Harms of Femtosecond Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery: A Systematic Review
    88. Comparing Laser-Assisted vs. Conventional Refractive Cataract Surgery.
    89. Multifocal Intraocular Lenses: ReSTOR and Tecnis Multifocal IOL.
    90. The Great Debate: Monofocal vs. Multifocal.
    91. Number of People Blind or Visually Impaired by Cataract ...
    92. Laser Surgery for Cataracts: Prep, Recovery, Long-Term Care
    93. Glossary of Common Eye & Vision Conditions.
    94. The Truth About Cataracts and Cataract Surgery.
    95. Statins Tied to Cataract Risk.
    96. Intraocular Lens Implant Reduces Need For Reading Glasses.
    97. Surgery: Eye and Ocular Adnexa
    98. Bladeless Cataract Eye Surgery - Advanced Laser Cataract Operation
    99. Laser Cataract Surgery
    100. Congenital Cataract and Its Genetics: The Era of Next-Generation Sequencing
    101. Management of Cataract
    102. Keep an Eye on Your Vision Health | CDC
    103. Types of Refractive Laser Eye Surgery
    104. Vision Correction Surgery/Lasik Types, Risks & Options
    105. Diseases of the Middle Ear
    106. Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat
    107. Diseases of the Ear, Diseases of the Ear, Nose, and Throat
    108. Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat (Lecture Notes)
    109. Diseases of the Ear and Mastoid Process (H60-H95)
    110. Middle Ear Diseases
    111. Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders | ucsd.edu
    112. Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
    113. Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases
    114. Ear Disorders and Problems
    115. Ear Diseases and Disorders
    116. The Most Common Ear, Nose and Throat Problems
    117. Nose, Nasal Sinuses, and Face Diseases
    118. Common Diseases of the Ear
    119. Itchy Ears
    120. Diagnosis of Ear Pain
    121. Acute and Chronic Diseases of the External Ear
    122. Prevalence of Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
    123. External Ear Diseases: A Clinical Update and Radiologic Review
    124. Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease and Treatment Protocol
    125. First User-Fitted Hearing Aid Approved.
    126. Ménière’s Disease
    127. The Pathophysiology of the Ear
    128. Inner Ear Disorders
    129. Hearing Disorders and Audiogram Interpretation
    130. Pattern of Ear, Nose, and Throat Disease ...
    131. Ear Nose and Throat Handbook
    132. Researchers Find Proteins That Might Restore Damaged Sound-Detecting Cells in the Ear.
    133. Head, Eyes, Ear, Nose and Throat
    134. Granulomatous Diseases of the Nose
    135. Understanding Common Communicable Diseases
    136. Throat Problems - Pharyngeal Disorders
    137. Throat Infection - Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
    138. Swallowing Disorders | Johns Hopkins Medicine
    139. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
    140. Epidemiological Characteristics of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Yunnan Province, China, 2008–2019
    141. The Aging Mouth - and How to Keep It Younger | Harvard Health
    142. Overview of Tooth Disorders - Mouth and Dental Disorders
    143. Reasons for Tooth Removal in Adults: A Systematic Review
    144. Indications and Contraindications for the Extraction of Teeth for the Purpose of Correcting Malocclusion
    145. Tooth Extraction: Procedure, Cost, Aftercare & Recovery Time
    146. Tooth Extraction: Procedure, Aftercare & Recovery
    147. Tooth Disorders.
    148. Tooth Problems
    149. Tooth Loss in Seniors
    150. Tooth Plaque Causes, Prevention, and Treatments.
    151. Tooth Cavities, Tooth Decay - Symptoms and Causes.
    152. Tooth Decay and Gum Disease.
    153. Can Tooth Extractions Cause Sleep Apnea?
    154. Fosamax and Tooth Extraction
    155. Infection After Tooth Extraction: Signs, Prevention, and Treatment
    156. Oral Surgery, Extraction of Teeth
    157. Panoramic Dental X-ray
    158. Safety in X-ray, Radiation Safety
    159. The Most Common Dental Problems for Over-60s and How to Treat Them
    160. Deteriorating Teeth With Old Age
    161. Older Adults and Tooth Loss | CDC
    162. Mouth Disorders - Common Mouth Problems | MedlinePlus
    163. Mouth Diseases
    164. Mouth Diseases Names List with Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
    165. Oral Manifestations of Systemic Disease
    166. The Effects of Oral Health on Systemic Health
    167. Root Canal Explained
    168. Root Canal Treatment.
    169. Root Canal Treatment | CDA
    170. Root Canal: Cause, Diagnosis, Treatment, Side Effects & Recovery
    171. Root Canals : Process, Causes, Problems, Surgery, and Recovery.
    172. Root Canal Procedure Step-by-Step
    173. Root Canal: Purpose, Procedure, and Risks
    174. Root Canals: The Horrible Truth Revealed
    175. The Truth Behind Root Canals
    176. The Latest in Endodontic Research.
    177. Types of Dentures & Their Costs
    178. Dental Care for Seniors
    179. Dental Cone Beam CT
    180. Dental Extraction
    181. Dental Management of Patients Receiving Oral Bisphosphonate Therapy
    182. Dental Health and Root Canals.
    183. Dental Implants
    184. Dental Implants Cost and Candidacy.
    185. Dental Implants Procedure, Cost, Types, Problems & Safe.
    186. Dental Implant Procedure.
    187. Dental Implant Surgery.
    188. Dental Implant Restoration: Principles and Procedures
    189. Dental Implants: Introduction to Dental Implant
    190. Dental Implant System Basic Information | Straumann
    191. Dental Images
    192. Dental Resources in Philadelphia, PA
    193. Definitions of Implant Dental Prostheses
    194. Gum Disease and Heart Disease.
    195. Gum Disease
    196. Gum Disease and Connection to Heart Disease | Harvard
    197. Periodontitis - Symptoms and Causes - Mayo Clinic
    198. Periodontal (Gum) Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
    199. Periodontitis Treatments You Can Do at Home
    200. Chronic Periodontitis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
    201. Diabetes, Gum Disease, & Other Dental Problems.
    202. Stages of Gum Disease
    203. Cure Gum Disease Without a Dentist
    204. Oral Health & Risk for CV Disease.
    205. Tooth Infection Spreading to the Body: Signs and Symptoms
    206. Inlay/Onlay
    207. Inlays & Onlays Clinical Experiences and Literature Review
    208. Indirect Fillings: Inlay/Onlay
    209. Variety of Implant-Supported Components
    210. Crown or Not to Crown Root Canal Treated Teeth
    211. Crowns, Fixed Bridges and Dental Implants
    212. Esthetic Evaluation of Implant-Supported Single Crowns ...
    213. A 5-Year Multicenter Study on Implant-Supported Single Crown Restorations
    214. Single-Tooth Replacement: Bridge vs. Implant-Supported Restoration
    215. Clinical Outcome of Double Crown-Retained Implant Overdentures with Zirconia Primary Crowns
    216. Resin Composite Repair for Implant-Supported Crowns
    217. Comparison of Three Different Types of Implant-Supported Fixed Dental Prostheses
    218. Is Charcoal Toothpaste Safe? Dentists Explain the Risks
    219. Safest Ways to Whiten Teeth
    220. The Pros and Cons of Deep Cleaning Teeth
    221. Waterpik Pros and Cons
    222. Denture Care: Fake Teeth, Dental Implants, Denture Cleaning
    223. New York State Dental Policy and Procedure Manual
    224. 20 Rare Eye Conditions That Ophthalmologists Treat
    225. 20 Surprising Health Problems an Eye Exam Can Catch
    ▷ Health: History, Guides & Tips
    1. Famous Physicians in History
    2. A Brief History of the Antibiotic Era: Lessons Learned and Challenges for the Future
    3. History of Cancer
    4. The History of Cancer - First Cancer Diagnosis
    5. History of Breast Cancer: Timeline
    6. The Complete History of Breast Cancer Treatment
    7. History of Refractive Surgery
    8. History of Dental Treatments.
    9. History of Dental Implants.
    10. The History of Dental Implants.
    11. The History of Dental Advances
    12. A Brief Historical Perspective on Dental Implants
    13. History of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
    14. History of AIDS
    15. The History of HIV and AIDS in the United States
    16. History of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in Korea
    17. AIDS: From Social History to Social Policy
    18. The History of Cancer Treatment
    19. Guide to a Healthy Heart
    20. Heart Devices 101: Guide to the Tools That Keep You Ticking.
    21. Guide to Lowering Cholesterol with Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes
    22. Guide to Living Well With Heart Disease
    23. Life After Stroke Guide
    24. Guidelines for Management of Stroke
    25. Guidelines for the Early Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients
    26. Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke
    27. Reading the New Blood Pressure Guidelines.
    28. Guideline for High Blood Pressure in Adults.
    29. ESC/ESH Guidelines for the Management of Arterial Hypertension
    30. Guide to Lowering Blood Pressure
    31. Management of Anxiety and Depression
    32. Treatment for Brain Metastases: ASCO-SNO-ASTRO Guideline
    33. Medical Oncology Handbook for Junior Medical Officers
    34. A Patient’s Guide to Kidney Disease
    35. Gestational Diabetes Guideline
    36. Guideline: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    37. Blood Sugar Guidelines for Gestational Diabetes Effect of Blood Sugar Levels on Migraines
    38. Migraine and Tension Headache Guideline
    39. Management of Migraine and Cluster Headache Guideline
    40. The Mental Impact of Alopecia – Emotional Support Guide.
    41. Acid Reflux / GERD – The Ultimate Guide
    42. HIV Infection and AIDS Reporting Guidelines
    43. Guidelines for HIV/AIDS Diagnosis and Treatment
    44. Treatment Guidelines for Gonococcal Infection | CDC
    45. Guide to the Symptoms, Causes & Types of Arthritis
    46. Obstructive Sleep Apnea: The Definitive Guide.
    47. Find Best Doctors, Doctor Advice & Condition Guides.
    48. Medical Terminology Guide
    49. The Beginner's Guide to Medical Terminology
    50. A Complete Guide to Common Health Concerns for Older Adults
    51. After Cancer Diagnosis: A Guide for Patients and Families
    52. A Visual Guide to Prostate Cancer.
    53. Guidelines on Prostate Cancer
    54. Lung Cancer Guide.
    55. A Patient's Guide to Liver Cancer.
    56. Liver Cancer - Patient’s Guide.
    57. Guidelines for Colonoscopy Surveillance After Screening and Polypectomy
    58. The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Colon Cancer
    59. Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines for Women
    60. New Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines Explained.
    61. Guide for Breast Cancer Symptoms and Treatments
    62. A Quick Guide to Dry Eye
    63. Pharmacy Technician's Guide - Dry Eye Disease: Pathophysiology and Risk Factors
    64. A Patient's Guide to Macular Degeneration
    65. A Guide to Common Eye Diseases
    66. Eye Disorders Guideline | ACOEM
    67. Guidelines for Glaucoma Eye Care | ICO
    68. The Complete Guide to Cataract Surgery
    69. Cataract Surgery - A Step by Step Guide to Phacoemulsification
    70. Guide to Cataract Surgery
    71. Lasik Guidelines for Patients
    72. Clinical Guidelines Primary Ear Disease and Hearing Care in Fiji
    73. Meniere’s Disease: A Patient-Centered Guide to Decision Making
    74. Implants – Dental Coverage Guideline | UHC
    75. Types of Dental Crowns and Cost - A Complete Guide
    76. Introduction to Implant Dentistry: A Student Guide.
    77. Dental Implant Guide.
    78. Guide to Implant-Supported Crowns
    79. Zika Virus Birth Defects May be Tip of the Iceberg.
    80. Do’s and Don’ts After Dental Filling
    81. 7 Tips to Reduce Your Risk of Cancer
    82. 7 of the Most Outrageous Medical Treatments in History.
    83. 7 Dentist-Approved Tips to Safely Whiten Teeth
    84. 11 Tips for Coping Cancer Diagnosis
    85. 17 Proven Tips to Sleep Better at Night.
    86. 57 Must-Know Caregivers Tips, Stats and Facts
    87. 101 Tips for Tip-Top Health.
    ▷ Health: How, Who, What, When & Why
    1. How to Prevent Ebola (video)
    2. How to Prevent Cancer
    3. How to Prevent Cancer or Find It Early
    4. How to Prevent Heart Disease
    5. How to Prevent Kidney Disease
    6. How to Prevent High Blood Pressure
    7. How to Prevent the Stomach Flu
    8. How to Prevent a Kidney Stone
    9. How to Protect Against Monkeypox Virus
    10. How to Protect Yourself from Monkeypox and What to Watch Out for
    11. How to Reduce Cancer Risks and Dealt with It.
    12. How to Boost Your 'Good' (HDL) Cholesterol?
    13. How to Do Brain Surgery.
    14. How to Know If Common Stomach Issues May Be Due to Common Digestive Disorders
    15. How to Know If Allergies Are Triggering Your Asthma.
    16. How to Treat a Diabetic Foot Ulcer
    17. How to Buy a Daughter.
    18. How to Fight Insurance Coverage Denials.
    19. How to Get Low Cost Dental Implants.
    20. How to Deal With Asthma and Fall Allergies
    21. How to Know If You Have Seasonal Allergies
    22. How to Know the Difference between a Common Cold and Allergies
    23. How to Tell It's a Stroke or a Heart Attack.
    24. How to Tell You Have Asthma.
    25. How to Tell If a Cough Is from a Cold, Allergies or Asthma
    26. How to Tell If Your Tooth Extraction is Causing Your Sinus Problem
    27. How to Differentiate Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
    28. How to Lower Blood Pressure (video)
    29. How to Spot the Signs of High Blood Pressure
    30. How to Manage Stress
    31. How to Remove Stains from Teeth
    32. How to Clean Dental Implants Properly
    33. How to Reverse Your Cataracts Naturally
    34. How to Treat 10 Top Vision Problems
    35. How to Treat the Flu at Home in 6 Easy Steps
    36. How to Get Relief from a Back Muscle Spasm
    37. How to Get Rid of the Flu
    38. How to Get Rid of the Flu Fast
    39. How to Dispose of Medical Waste Safely and Properly?
    40. How to Dispose of Medicines Properly
    41. How to Dispose of Unused Medications, Including Antibiotics
    42. How to Whiten Your Teeth
    43. How to Safely Manage Medical Waste
    44. How Is Sleep Apnea Treated?
    45. How Is Breast Cancer Treated?.
    46. How Is Chemotherapy Used to Treat Cancer?
    47. How Can I Get My Pancreas to Produce More Insulin?
    48. How Can I Tell if It’s Asthma or Allergies?.
    49. How Can You Tell if You Have Asthma?
    50. How Do I Know If I Have Asthma?
    51. How Do You Get Asthma?
    52. How Do You Get Rid of Indoor Allergens?
    53. How Do You Know If You Have a Cracked Tooth?.
    54. How Do You Test for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea?
    55. How Do You Choose Between Bypass and Angioplasty With Stenting? | Harvard Health
    56. How Do I Clean Dentures?
    57. How Does Brain Store Memories? (video)
    58. How Does Cancer Grow and Spread?
    59. How Does Sleep Affect Your Cholesterol Levels?
    60. How Does Stress Lead to Heart Attacks and Stroke?
    61. How Does the 20-20-20 Rule Prevent Eye Strain?
    62. How Does Anorexia Affect Eyesight?
    63. How Eyes Work, Anatomy & Common Conditions
    64. How Digital Eye Strain Affects Your Health, and What to Do About It
    65. How High Blood Pressure Can Lead to Stroke
    66. How High Blood Pressure Can Lead to a Heart Attack
    67. How Blood Pressure Affects Heart Disease Risk
    68. How Blood Pressure Affects the Heart
    69. How Hypertension, Heart Disease, and Stroke Are Related
    70. How Long Does a Root Canal Take?.
    71. How Much Do Dental Implants Cost?
    72. How Sleep Deprivation Affects Your Heart
    73. How Gene Editing Could Help Solve the Problem of Poor Cholesterol
    74. How Lack of Sleep Affects the Brain.
    75. How Brain Works (video)
    76. How Brain Invents Mind (video)
    77. How Your Brain Changes After Baby.
    78. How Cells Adapt to Help Repair Damage.
    79. How Cancer Is Treated.
    80. How Cancer Was First Discovered and Treated
    81. How Pancreatic Cancer Is Staged and Graded.
    82. How AIDS Virus Traveled to the United States
    83. How Close Are We to Curing Cancer?
    84. How Bad Teeth Can Lead to a Bad Heart.
    85. How Often Should I Get My Teeth Cleaned?
    86. How Can I Prevent Kidney Disease?
    87. How Can You Prevent Kidney Disease and Failure?
    88. How We Treat Ovarian Cancer.
    89. How Cancer Recharges Its Batteries.
    90. How People Can Get Lung Cancer Even If They Don't Smoke.
    91. How Oral Health and Heart Disease Are Connected.
    92. How Peptic Ulcers Are Treated.
    93. How Much Does It Cost to Have a Baby? - Pregnancy Calculator.
    94. How the Heart Works.
    95. How Your Memory Works (video)
    96. How Spanish Flu Began & Ended
    97. How Alzheimer’s Disease Impacts Patient, Family and Friends
    98. How Race and Ethnicity Impact Alzheimer’s Disease Care
    99. How Kidney Stones Form (video)
    100. How Teeth Change With Age
    101. How Unearthing Diseases' Ancient Origins Could Help Produce Modern Cures
    102. How Common Are Unexplained Outbreaks of Disease?
    103. How the Horrific 1918 Flu Spread Across America
    104. How Women Become Surrogates.
    105. How Long Does It Take to Die from Lung Cancer Without Treatment?
    106. How Long Can You Live With Prostate Cancer Without Treatment
    107. How Long Does the Flu Last?
    108. How Long Is the Stomach Flu Contagious?
    109. How Long Does It Take to Recover from the Stomach Flu?
    110. How Soon Can You Find Out the Sex of Your Baby?.
    111. How Genetics Determine Your Baby's Gender (Boy or Girl)
    112. How a Mental Health Diagnosis Can Be Empowering When Feeling Blue
    113. Who Should Take Statins? - A Vicious Debate Over Cholesterol Drugs.
    114. Who Should Be Screened for Lung Cancer?
    115. Who Should Get Pricey Hepatitis C Drugs?
    116. Who Do I Contact Social Security or Medicare?
    117. What to Expect When Cancer Spreads to the Bones
    118. What to Expect with Breast Cancer.
    119. What to Expect with Lung Cancer.
    120. What to Expect with Colorectal Cancer.
    121. What to Expect with Prostate Cancer.
    122. What to Expect with Melanoma Cancer.
    123. What to Expect as You Age | Mayo Clinic
    124. What to Know About Sessile Polyps
    125. What to Know About Bowel Disorders
    126. What to Know About Cancer and Leukemia
    127. What to Know About Leukemia Survival Rates
    128. What to Know About Different Types of Macular Degeneration
    129. What to Know About Major Study on Stents and Heart Disease
    130. What to Know About Kidney Stones
    131. What to Do If You Get Flu| CDC
    132. What to Do If You Test Positive for COVID-19
    133. What to Do Next After a Cancer Diagnosis
    134. What Is Internal Medicine?
    135. What Is Family Medicine?
    136. What Is Dermatology?
    137. What Is Your Back Muscle Spasm Telling You?
    138. What Is Dysbiosis?
    139. What Is Havana Syndrome?
    140. What Is Sleep Apnea?
    141. What Is Sleep Medicine?
    142. What Is the Difference Between Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?
    143. What Is Dementia? Symptoms, Types, and Diagnosis | NIH
    144. What Is Dementia? | CDC
    145. What Is Alzheimer's Disease? Symptoms & Causes
    146. What Is Alzheimer's Disease? | CDC
    147. What Is Allergy and Immunology?
    148. What Is Endocrinology?
    149. What Is Gestational Diabetes
    150. What Is a Peptic Ulcer and How to Treat It?
    151. What Is a Peptic Ulcer?
    152. What Is the Optimal Duration of PPI Therapy for Healing an Ulcer
    153. What Is High Blood Pressure?
    154. What Is a Heart Attack?
    155. What Is a Heart Attack? (Causes, Symptoms & Treatment)
    156. What Is Ischemic Heart Disease and Stroke?
    157. What Is Sudden Cardiac Arrest?
    158. What Is the Difference Between Stroke and Heart Attack?
    159. What Is the Difference Between a Heart Attack and Stroke?
    160. What Is the Link Between a Heart Attack and Blood Pressure
    161. What Is the Link Between Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Heart Failure?
    162. What Is the Difference Between HIV & AIDS?
    163. What Is the Difference Between HIV and AIDS? | Healthline
    164. What Is the Difference Between Chlamydia and Gonorrhea | Healthline
    165. What Is the Difference Between Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
    166. What Is the Difference Between Dental Onlays and Dental Crowns
    167. What Is the Difference Between Filling, Inlay, Onlay and Crown
    168. What Is This White Spot on Eyeballs?.
    169. What Is the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?
    170. What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
    171. What Is Diabetes?
    172. What Is Diabetes? | CDC
    173. What Is Cancer? | cancer.gov
    174. What Is Cancer?
    175. What Is Cancer? (video)
    176. What Is Kidney Cancer?
    177. What Is Breast Cancer?
    178. What Is Thyroid Cancer?.
    179. What Is Pancreatic Cancer?
    180. What Is Liver Cancer?
    181. What Is Brain Cancer? (video)
    182. What Is the Survival Rate for Brain Cancer?
    183. What Is the Outlook for People with Brain Cancer?
    184. What Is Malignant Mesothelioma Cancer?
    185. What Is Melanoma Skin Cancer?
    186. What Is the Prognosis for Bile Duct Cancer?
    187. What Is the Outlook for Stage 4 Bile Duct Cancer That Has Spread to the Liver?
    188. What Is the Life Expectancy with Stage 4 Bone Cancer?
    189. What Is Bone Cancer?
    190. What Is Tumor? (video)
    191. What Is Kidney Disease?
    192. What Is Flu? (video)
    193. What Is the Stomach Flu?
    194. What Is a Virus? (video)
    195. What Is Leukemia? (video)
    196. What Is Monkeypox and How Worried Should We Be?
    197. What Is Monkeypox and How Can It Be Prevented?
    198. What Is the Mysterious Pneumonia Outbreak in China?
    199. What Is Immunotherapy?
    200. What Is Radiotherapy?
    201. What Is Leptobrochure?
    202. What Is Gastroparesis? The Mysterious Disease Explained.
    203. When Is It Time for Cataract Surgery?.
    204. What Is in a Disease Name: Zika, Ebola, and Mad Cow
    205. What Is Happening Inside Lung Cancer Patient's Body?
    206. What Is a Patient to Do When Hospital Ratings Disagree?.
    207. What Is the Connection Between Gum Disease and Heart Disease?.
    208. What Is Root Canal?.
    209. What Is Dental Plaque, Causes, How to Remove, Prevent ...
    210. What Is Gum Disease?
    211. What Is Glaucoma?
    212. What Is Cataract?
    213. What Is a Cataract Surgery? (video)
    214. What Is the Best Way to Store Dentures?
    215. What Is a Root Canal?
    216. What Is a Root Canal? - Pain, Procedure, & Cost
    217. What Is Ménière's Disease?
    218. What Is Binocular Diplopia - Causes, Diagnosis, and More
    219. What Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? (video)
    220. What Is Causing Abdominal Pain and Diarrhea?
    221. What Is Causing My Rash? 71 Possible Causes
    222. What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
    223. What Are the Stages of Lobar Pneumonia?
    224. What Are the Complications of Pneumonia?
    225. What Are the Deadliest and Fastest-Killing Cancers?
    226. What Are the Causes of Cancer?.
    227. What Are the Risk Factors for Colorectal Cancer?
    228. What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Lung Cancer?.
    229. What Are the Symptoms of an Infection?
    230. What Are the Symptoms of Anaphylactic Shock?
    231. What Are the Symptoms of Autism?
    232. What Are the Signs of Dying from Brain Cancer? - End-Stage Symptoms
    233. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease?
    234. What Are the Early Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer?
    235. What Are the Side Effects of Radiation for Breast Cancer?
    236. What Are the Different Types of Retinal Diseases?
    237. What Are the Most Effective Hemorrhoid Treatments?
    238. What Are the Most Common Cancer Types?
    239. What Are the Common Elderly Health Issues?
    240. What Are Ischemic Heart Disease and Stroke?
    241. What Are Basal and Squamous Cell Skin?
    242. What Are Cataracts?
    243. What Are the Different Types of Kidney Stones?
    244. What Are the Key Differences Between Stenting and Bypass?
    245. What Does Bone Cancer Feel Like?
    246. What Causes Cancer?
    247. What Causes Brain Tumors?.
    248. What Causes Stomach Ulcers?.
    249. What Causes Mouth Ulcers and How to Treat Them.
    250. What Causes Joint Damage
    251. What Causes a Heart Attack? (video)
    252. What Causes High Blood Pressure? (video)
    253. What Causes Alzheimer's?
    254. What Causes Low HDL Cholesterol Levels?
    255. What Causes Low Cholesterol? - Symptoms and Treatment
    256. What Causes Kidney Stones?
    257. What Causes Kidney Stones? | Mayo Clinic
    258. What Can I Do to Prevent Glaucoma?
    259. What Can You Do About Sensitive Teeth?
    260. What You Can Do to Reduce Your Risk of Cancer
    261. What You Can Do to Prevent Cancer and Why It Works
    262. What You Need to Know About Blindness
    263. What You Need to Know About National Grants for Vision Care
    264. What You Need to Know About High Blood Cholesterol
    265. What You Need to Know About Testing for Cervical Cancer.
    266. What You Need to Know About Cerebral Palsy.
    267. What You Need to Know About Cancer
    268. What You Need to Know About Cervical Cancer
    269. What You Need to Know About Kidney Cancer.
    270. What You Need to Know About Allergies, Asthma, Flu and COVID-19.
    271. What You Need to Know About the COVID-19 Pandemic (4/2021)
    272. What You Need to Know About the Pfizer BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine
    273. What You Need to Know About the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
    274. What You Need to Know About the Johnson & Johnson's Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine
    275. What You Need to Know About the Oxford Astrazeneca COVID-19 Vaccine
    276. What You Need to Know About the Sinovac COVID-19 Vaccine
    277. What You Need to Know About the Sinopharm COVID-19 Vaccine
    278. What You Need to Know About COVID-19 Vaccines | CDC
    279. What You Need to Know About Influenza (Flu) Vaccine
    280. What You Need to Know About Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
    281. What You Need to Know About Polyps
    282. What You Need to Know About Stents
    283. What Do We Know and What Do We Need to Know About Polyp Size Measurement at CT Colonography
    284. What Do You Need to Know About the Scoop on Statins?
    285. What Will I Experience During Cataract Surgery?.
    286. What You Should Know About Glaucoma
    287. What You Should Know About Cataract
    288. What You Should Know About the Liver and Cholesterol
    289. What Should I Expect Before, During, and After Surgery? | FDA
    290. What Women Should Know About Having Baby Past 35.
    291. What We Know About Autism (video)
    292. What Your Cholesterol Number Really Says.
    293. What Zika Infection Looks Like.
    294. What the Numbers Mean in Cancer Risk
    295. What Happens to the Brain in Alzheimer's Disease? | NIH
    296. What Happens to Blood Pressure During a Heart Attack?.
    297. What Happens If a Polyp Is Cancerous?
    298. What Happens to the Pancreas in Type 2 Diabetes?
    299. What Happens to Your Teeth as You Age?
    300. What Happens to the Human Body After 100 Years Inside a Coffin
    301. What Happens During a Teeth Cleaning?
    302. What Would Happen If I Couldn't Afford Health Care When I'm Pregnant?.
    303. What Tests Can Detect Prostate Cancer Early?.
    304. When Seasonal Allergy Symptoms Aren't Allergies.
    305. When Stomach Pain Is and Is Not an Emergency.
    306. When Is Risk Highest for Women with Breast Cancer Gene Mutations?.
    307. When a Cough Isn't "Just a Cough".
    308. When Men Develop Prostate Cancer.
    309. Where Are the Differences Exactly Between Bypass Surgery and Stent Surgery?
    310. Where Famous Doctors Earned Medical Degrees
    311. Which Colon Polyps Are Riskiest for You?.
    312. Who Is at Risk for Prostate Cancer?
    313. Why Do We Have Blood Types?
    314. Why Do I Need X-Rays?
    315. Why Cancer Immunotherapy?
    316. Why Are Cardiac Tumors So Rare?.
    317. Why Are Black Men Negatively Affected by Prostate Cancer More Than White Men?
    318. Why Are My Allergies Worse Indoors?
    319. Why Is Pharmaceutical Waste a Problem?
    320. Why Is It Too Hard to Cure Cancer? (video)
    321. Why Is Cancer Treatment So Expensive?.
    322. Why Is Oral Health Important for Men?
    323. Why Is Healthcare So Expensive in the United States?
    324. Why U.S. Health Care Is So Expensive
    325. Why Many Men Have a Harder Time Seeking Treatment for Mental Illness.
    326. Why You Probably Don't Need to Worry About Getting Cancer
    327. Why the Monkeypox Outbreak Is Mostly Affecting Men Who Have Sex With Men
    328. Why Jaundice Happens in Adults
    329. Why Do My Breasts Hurt? Should I Be Worried About Cancer?
    330. Why Do My Breasts Hurt?


    Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    1. 2023: KATALIN KARIKÓ and DREW WEISSMAN
    2. 2022: SVANTE PAABO
    3. 2021: DAVID JULIUS and ARDEM PATAPOUTIAN
    4. 2020: HARVEY J. ALTER, MICHAEL HOUGHTON, and CHARLES M. RICE
    5. 2019: WILLIAM G. KAELIN, PETER J. RATCLIFFE and GREGG L. SEMENZA
    6. 2018: JAMES P. ALLISON and TASUKU HONJO
    7. 2017: JEFF C. HALL, MICHAEL ROSBASH and MICHAEL W. YOUNG
    8. 2016: YOSHINORI OHSUMI
    9. 2015: WILLIAM C. CAMPBELL, SATOSHI ŌMURA and YOUYOU TU
    10. 2014: JOHN O'KEEFE, MAY-BRITT MOSER and EDVARD I. MOSER
    11. 2013: JAMES E. ROTHMAN, RANDY W. SCHEKMAN and THOMAS C. SUDHOF
    12. 2012: Sir JOHN B. GURDON and SHINYA YAMANAKA
    13. 2011: BRUCE A. BEUTER, JULES A. HOFFMANN, and RALPH M. STEINMAN
    14. 2010: ROBERT G. EDWARDS
    15. 2009: ELIZABETH H. BLACKBURN, CAROL W. GREIDER and JACK W. SZOSTAK
    16. 2008: HARALD Z. HAUSEN, FRANÇOISE B-SINOUSSI, and LUC MONTAGNIER
    17. 2007: MARIO R. CAPECCHI, MARTIN J. EVANS and OLIVER SMITHIES
    18. 2006: ANDREW Z. FIRE and CRAIG C. MELLO
    19. 2005: BARRY J. MARSHALL and J. ROBIN WARREN
    20. 2004: RICHARD AXEL and LINDA B BUCK
    21. 2003: PAUL C. LAUTERBUR and Sir PETER MANSFIELD
    22. 2002: SYDNEY BRENNER, H. ROBERT HORVITZ, and JOHN E. SULSTON
    23. 2001: LELAND H. HARTWELL, R. TIMOTHY HUNT, and PAUL M. NURSE
    24. 2000: ARVID CARLSSON, PAUL GREENGARD, and ERIC KANDEL
    25. 1999: GÜNTER BLOBEL
    26. 1998: ROBERT F. FURCHGOTT, LOUIS J. IGNARRO, and FERID MURAD
    27. 1997: STANLEY B. PRUSINER
    28. 1996: PETER C. DOHERTY and ROLF M. ZINKERNAGEL
    29. 1995: EDWARD B. LEWIS, CHRISTIANE NÜSSLEIN-VOLHARD, and ERIC F. WIESCHAUS
    30. 1994: ALFRED G. GILMAN and MARTIN RODBELL
    31. 1993: RICHARD J. ROBERTS and PHILLIP A. SHARP
    32. 1992: EDMOND H. FISCHER and EDWIN G. KREBS
    33. 1991: ERWIN NEHER and BERT SAKMANN
    34. 1990: JOSEPH E. MURRAY and E. DONNALL THOMAS
    35. 1989: J. MICHAEL BISHOP and HAROLD E. VARMUS
    36. 1988: Sir JAMES W. BLACK, GERTRUDE B. ELION, and GEORGE H. HITCHINGS
    37. 1987: SUSUMU TONEGAWA
    38. 1986: STANLEY COHEN and RITA LEVI-MONTALCINI
    39. 1985: MICHAEL S. BROWN and JOSEPH L. GOLDSTEIN
    40. 1984: NIELS K. JERNE, GEORGES J.F. KÖHLER, and CÉSAR MILSTEIN
    41. 1983: BARBARA MC CLINTOCK
    42. 1982: SUNE K. BERGSTRÖM, BENGT I. SAMUELSSON, and Sir JOHN R. VANE
    43. 1981: ROGER W. SPERRY, DAVID H. HUBELL, and TORSTEN N. WIESEL
    44. 1980: BARUJ BENACERRAF, JEAN DAUSSET, and GEORGE D. SNELL
    45. 1979: ALAN M. CORMACK and SIR GODFREY N. HOUNSFIELD
    46. 1978: WERNER ARBER, DANIEL NATHANS, and HAMILTON O. SMITH
    47. 1977: ROGER GUILLEMIN, ANDREW V. SCHALLY, and ROSALYN YALOW
    48. 1976: BARUCH S. BLUMBERG and D. CARLETON GAJDUSEK
    49. 1975: DAVID BALTIMORE, RENATO DULBECCO, and HOWARD MARTIN TEMIN
    50. 1974: ALBERT CLAUDE, CHRISTIAN DE DUVE, and GEORGE E. PALADE
    51. 1973: KARL VON FRISCH, KONRAD LORENZ, and NIKOLAAS TINBERGEN
    52. 1972: GERALD M. EDELMAN and RODNEY R. PORTER
    53. 1971: EARL W. JR. SUTHERLAND
    54. 1970: Sir BERNARD KATZ, ULF VON EULER, and JULIUS AXELROD
    55. 1969: MAX DELBRÜCK, ALFRED D. HERSHEY, and SALVADOR E. LURIA
    56. 1968: ROBERT W. HOLLEY, HAR GOBIND KHORANA, and MARSHALL W. NIRENBERG
    57. 1967: RAGNAR GRANIT, HALDAN KEFFER HARTLINE, and GEORGE WALD
    58. 1966: PEYTON ROUS and CHARLES BRENTON HUGGINS
    59. 1965: FRANÇOIS JACOB, ANDRÉ LWOFF, and JACOUES MONOD
    60. 1964: KONRAD BLOCH and FEODOR LYNEN
    61. 1963: Sir JOHN CAREW ECCLES, Sir ALAN LLOYD HODGKIN, and Sir ANDREW FIELDING HUXLEY
    62. 1962: FRANCIS HARRY COMPTON CRICK, JAMES DEWEY WATSON, and MAURICE HUGH FREDERICK WILKINS
    63. 1961: GEORG VON BÉKÉSY
    64. 1960: Sir FRANK MACFARLANE BURNET and Sir PETER BRIAN MEDAWAR
    65. 1959: SEVERO OCHOA and ARTHUR KORNBERG
    66. 1958: GEORGE WELLS BEADLE, EDWARD LAWRIE TATUM, and JOSHUA LEDERBERG
    67. 1957: DANIEL BOVET
    68. 1956: ANDRÉ FRÉDÉRIC COURNAND, WERNER FORSSMANN, and DICKINSON W. RICHARDS
    69. 1955: AXEL HUGO THEODOR THEORELL
    70. 1954: JOHN FRANKLIN ENDERS, THOMAS HUCKLE WELLER, and FREDERICK CHAPMAN ROBBINS
    71. 1953: Sir HANS ADOLF KREBS and FRITZ ALBERT LIPMANN
    72. 1952: SELMAN ABRAHAM WAKSMAN
    73. 1951: MAX THEILER
    74. 1950: EDWARD CALVIN KENDALL, TADEUS REICHSTEIN, and PHILIP SHOWALTER HENCH
    75. 1949: WALTER RUDOLF HESS and ANTONIO CAETANO DE ABREU FREIRE EGAS MONIZ
    76. 1948: PAUL HERMANN MÜLLER
    77. 1947: CARL FERDINAND CORI, GERTY THERESA CORI NEE RADNITZ, and BERNARDO ALBERTO HOUSSAY
    78. 1946: HERMANN JOSEPH MULLER
    79. 1945: Sir ALEXANDER FLEMING, Sir ERNST BORIS CHAIN, and Lord HOWARD WALTER FLOREY
    80. 1944: JOSEPH ERLANGER and HERBERT SPENCER GASSER
    81. 1943: HENRIK CARL PETER DAM and EDWARD ADELBERT DOISY
    82. 1942: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    83. 1941: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    84. 1940: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    85. 1939: GERHARD DOMAGK
    86. 1938: CORNEILLE JEAN FRANÇOIS HEYMANS
    87. 1937: ALBERT SZENT-GYÖRGYI VON NAGYRAPOLT
    88. 1936: Sir HENRY HALLETT DALE and OTTO LOEWI
    89. 1935: HANS SPEMANN
    90. 1934: GEORGE HOYT WHIPPLE and GEORGE RICHARDS MINOT, and WILLIAM PARRY MURPHY
    91. 1933: THOMAS HUNT MORGAN
    92. 1932: Sir CHARLES SCOTT SHERRINGTON and Lord EDGAR DOUGLAS ADRIAN
    93. 1931: OTTO HEINRICH WARBURG
    94. 1930: KARL LANDSTEINER
    95. 1929: CHRISTIAAN EIJKMAN and Sir FREDERICK GOWLAND HOPKINS
    96. 1928: CHARLES JULES HENRI NICOLLE
    97. 1927: JULIUS WAGNER-JAUREGG
    98. 1926: JOHANNES ANDREAS GRIB FIBIGER
    99. 1925: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    100. 1924: WILLEM EINTHOVEN
    101. 1923: Sir FREDERICK GRANT BANTING and JOHN JAMES RICHARD MACLEOD
    102. 1922: Sir ARCHIBALD VIVIAN HILL and OTTO FRITZ MEYERHOF
    103. 1921: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    104. 1920: SCHACK AUGUST STEENBERGER KROGH
    105. 1919: JULES BORDET
    106. 1918: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    107. 1917: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    108. 1916: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    109. 1915: NO GIVEN PRIZE
    110. 1914: ROBERT BÁRÁNY
    111. 1913: CHARLES ROBERT RICHET
    112. 1912: ALEXIS CARREL
    113. 1911: ALLVAR GULLSTRAND
    114. 1910: ALBRECHT KOSSEL
    115. 1909: EMIL THEODOR KOCHER
    116. 1908: ILYA ILYICH MECHNIKOV and PAUL EHRLICH
    117. 1907: CHARLES LOUIS ALPHONSE LAVERAN
    118. 1906: CAMILLO GOLGI and SANTIAGO RAMON Y CAJAL
    119. 1905: ROBERT KOCH
    120. 1904: IVAN PETROVICH PAVLOV
    121. 1903: NIELS RYBERG FINSEN
    122. 1902: Sir RONALD ROSS
    123. 1901: EMIL ADOLF VON BEHRING


    Facts on the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine


    How Many Hours People Need To Sleep?


    Age Sleep Time (hours) Age Sleep Time (hours)
    1-15 days 16-22 19-30 years 8
    6-23 months 13 31-45 years 7.5
    3-9 years 11 45-50 years 6
    10-13 years 10 50+ years 5.5
    14-18 years 9    



    Life Expectancy at Birth (Years)
    (Countries & Territories)
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)



    Life Expectancy (US)



    Leading Causes of Death Globally



    Global Percentages of Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) Attributed to 19 Leading Risk Factors by Income Group.


    Healthcare Documentation
    1. Heart Health Glossary
    2. Approach to the Older Patient with Cancer
    3. Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Patients with Ovarian Cancer: A Nationwide Population-Based Study
    4. Systematic Review of the Relation between Smokeless Tobacco and Cancer in Europe and North America
    5. The Framingham Heart Study and the Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Historical Perspective
    6. Ongoing Data from the Breast Cancer Prevention Trials: Opportunity for Breast Cancer Risk Reduction
    7. Age-Specific Gene Expression Signatures for Breast Tumors and Cross-Species Conserved Potential Cancer Progression Markers in Young Women
    8. Gestational Diabetes as a Risk Factor for Pancreatic Cancer: A Prospective Cohort Study
    9. Report on Risks and Benefits to Health of Non-Device Software Functions - November 2020
    10. FDA and Clinical Drug Trials: A Short History
    11. Good Review Practice: Clinical Review of Investigational New Drug Applications
    12. Medical Management Treatment Manual
    13. NIH Turning Discovery into Health
    14. HTA 101 - Introduction to Health Technology Assessment



    Professionally Active Medical Doctors Directory


    Osteopathic Physicians (DOs) vs. Medical Doctors (MDs)
    Sources: American Osteopathic Association & American Medical Association

    ---------------------
    Graduates in 2022
    Graduates in 2011
    Graduates in 2000
    Growth Rate of Graduates
    Number of Schools in 2022
    Number of Schools in 2013
    Number of Schools in 2000
    Growth Rate of Schools
    Doctors Delivering Primary Care (%)
    Students' Average MCAT Score (2022-2023)
    Students' Average GPA (2022-2023)
    Osteopathic:
    7,300
    4,159
    2,279
    82%
    38
    34
    19
    79%
    60%
    503
    3.46
    Medical:
    28,337
    17,364
    15,718
    10%
    155
    141
    125
    8%
    36%
    506
    3.75




    Pregnancy & Baby Care
    Baby's Health
    Charting to Conception
    Baby's Sex Decision
    Gender Selection
    Want a Boy? Want a Girl?
    Ovulation Symptoms

    Ovulation Calculator
    Pregnancy Calculator
    Pregnancy Due Date Calculator
    Pregnancy Symptoms
    Try Getting Pregnancy?
    Giving Birth
    Labor & Delivery
    Women's Healthcare Topics
    Baby Teething
    Baby Care
    Baby World
    Child Development
    Child Birth
    Baby Heart Rate & Gender
    Newborn Care
    Pregnancy Calendar
    Getting Pregnant
    Pregnancy & Baby Care
    Sure Baby
    Today's Parent
    Baby Care Basics
    Teenage Parents


    Blood Test Results - Normal Range


    Blood Group Combination
    Mother Child Father (Possible) Father (Impossible)
    A O O, A, or B AB
    A A Any Group  
    A B B or AB O or A
    A AB B or AB O or A
    AB AB A, B, or AB O
    B O O, A, or B AB
    B B Any Group  
    B A A or AB O or B
    B AB A or AB O or B
    O O O, A, or B AB
    O A A or AB O or B
    O B B or AB O or A



    Blood Type & Population


    Contraception Methods - Birth Control

    What If Having a Baby When You're Over 40?
    1. Higher Risk of Miscarriage
  • At age 20: 1 in 10 women
  • At age 35: 1 in 5 women
  • At age 40: 1 in 3 women
  • At age 45: 1 in 2 women

  • Non-cancerous tumors called fibroids and endometriosis, the abnormal growth of the lining of a woman's uterus, can lead to a miscarriage.

    2. Higher Risk of any Chromosomal Disorder
  • At age 20: 1 in 526 births
  • At age 30: 1 in 385 births
  • At age 40: 1 in 66 births
  • At age 45: 1 in 21 births

  • Women are born with all the eggs they'll ever have. As a woman ages, her eggs also age. All genetic abnormalities increase as the egg gets older. The eggs are stored in the ovaries, and there is a potential for change over time.

    3. Higher Risk of Down Syndrome
  • At age 25: 1 in 1,250 births
  • At age 30: 1 in 1,000 births
  • At age 35: 1 in 400 births
  • At age 40: 1 in 100 births
  • At age 45: 1 in 30 births
  • At age 50: 1 in 10 births

  • As a woman ages, the risk of delivering a baby with Down syndrome increases. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder often caused by an error in cell division. There are multiple types of Down syndrome, and the exact cause is not known.

    4. Higher Risk of Gestational Diabetes
  • At age 20: 22 in 1,000 women
  • At age 25: 36 in 1,000 women
  • At age 30: 51 in 1,000 women
  • At age 35: 67 in 1,000 women
  • At age 40: 84 in 1,000 women

  • Pregnancy stresses the body, requiring the pancreas to produce more insulin. In older women, having a baby can trigger diabetes during pregnancy. As we get older our pancreas is less able to respond to those stressors.

    5. Higher Risk of Pre-eclampsia
  • At age 20: 38 in 1,000 women
  • At age 25: 37 in 1,000 women
  • At age 30: 36 in 1,000 women
  • At age 35: 39 in 1,000 women
  • At age 40: 48 in 1,000 women

  • Pre-eclampsia is a sometimes deadly condition of pregnancy marked by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. Often when a mother has pre-eclampsia, the baby needs to be delivered prematurely to save the lives of mother and baby. Women as they get into their 40s may also have some hypertension already, and if they do, they have a higher risk of that being exacerbated during pregnancy.



    Morning Fasting Blood Glucose for Diabetics

    Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar (Glucose). Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. Glucose is vital to the human body because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and tissues. Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. When there is too much glucose in blood, it is classified as type 1 diabetes. When blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as type 1 diabetes, it is called type 2 diabetes. After many years, diabetes can cause many serious problems, such as eye problems (which may lead to blind), foot/leg problems (which may be removed), heart attack, stroke, pain, tingling, loss of feeling, nerve damage, which causes digesting food problems, weakness, erection issues, and kidney damage.


    FASTING GLUCOSE RANGES
    --------------------------------------
  • From 70 to 99 mg/dL, or 3.9 to 5.5. mmol/L
  • From 100 to 125 mg/dL, or 5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L
  • 126 mg/dL or higher, or 7.0 or higher
  • INDICATION
    ----------------
    Normal - No diabetes
    Pre-diabetes
    Diabetes



    Understanding of Hypertension
  • Hypertension, or high blood pressure (HBP), has no noticeable symptoms. Having HBP and coronary artery disease (CAD) puts you at a greater risk of a heart attack or stroke. You can have HBP for years without knowing it because HBP itself usually has no symptoms. If your blood pressure rises and stays high over time, it can damage your heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of your body. The numbers in a blood pressure reading include Systolic and Diastolic. Systolic (the top number) is the maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart is contracting or squeezing. Diastolic (the bottom number) represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest. The recommended blood pressure goal is below 140/90 mmHg (millimeters of mercury). If your blood pressure is above that level, you may have HBP. The most common of medications to treat HBP in people who have CAD is Beta-blockers, which slow the heart rate, reduce the heart's output of blood, and decrease the force of the heart beat. There are many different medicines that can be used to treat high blood pressure; these include Alpha blockers, Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, Angiotensin receptor blockers, Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers, Central alpha agonists, Diuretics, Renin inhibitors, including aliskiren (Tekturna), and Vasodilators. There are about 100 prescribed medications for high blood pressure.


  • Top 5 Myths about High Blood Pressure.


  • BLOOD PRESSURE (mm Hg)
    --------------------------------------
  • Less than 120/80
  • 120/80 to 139/89
  • 140/90 to 159/99
  • 160/100 and higher
  • STAGE
    --------------------------------------
    Normal
    Pre-hypertension
    Stage 1 - Hypertension
    Stage 2 - Hypertension


    New High Blood Pressure Guidelines
    Blood Pressure Category SYSTOLIC nm Hg
    (upper number)
      DISSTOLIC nm Hg
    (upper number)
    Normal less than 120 and less than 80
    Evaluated 120-129 and less than 80
    Hypertension Stage 1 130-139 or 80-89
    Hypertension Stage 2 140 or Higher or 90 or Higher
    Hypertensive Crisis
    (Consult your doctor immediately)
    Higher than 180 and/or Higher than 120



    Heart & Arteries Testing

    A. Heart Disease, Stroke & Aneurysm Tests

    1. Stroke/Carotid Artery Ultrasound Test - Carotid ultrasound shows whether a waxy substance called plaque (plak) has built up in your carotid arteries. The buildup of plaque in the carotid arteries is called carotid artery disease. The ultrasound test identifies plaque buildup in the carotid arteries, which is a leading cause of stroke.

    2. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Ultrasound - An aneurysm (AN-u-rism) is a balloon-like bulge in an artery. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your body. The ultrasound  test checks for aneurysms in the abdomen. The danger lies in the risk of the aneurysm bursting or rupturing.

    3. Electrocardiogram (EKG) - An electrocardiogram (e-lek-tro-KAR-de-o-gram), also called an EKG or ECG, is a simple, painless test that records the heart's electrical activity, which may predict pending heart attack.

    4. Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) Test - Peripheral arterial disease (P.A.D.) is a disease in which plaque (plak) builds up in the arteries that carry blood to your head, organs, and limbs. Leg cramps due to poor circulation could indicate something more serious. This screening measures the extremities for peripheral arterial disease.

    5. Harding of the Arteries (ASI) Test - The Arterial Stiffness Index (ASI) measures the flexibility or hardening of the arteries. The stiffer the arteries, the harder the heart has to work and the more long-term damage it will sustain.

    B. Ultrasound of the Heart

    Echocardiogram Ultrasound Test - Echocardiography (EK-o-kar-de-OG-rah-fee), or echo, is a painless test that uses sound waves to create moving pictures of your heart. The pictures show the size and shape of your heart. They also show how well your heart's chambers and valves are working.. This ultrasound test is done to evaluate the valves and chambers of the heart in a noninvasive way and may detect enlargement of the heart, valve abnormalities, blood clots, tumors and more.

    C. Major Heart Tests

    1. Physical Stress Test - Stress test provides information about how your heart works during physical stress. It is used to determine the amount of stress that your heart can manage before developing either an abnormal rhythm or evidence of ischemia (not enough blood flow to the heart muscle).

    2. Nuclear Stress Test (also called as "Cardiolyte" or "Thallium" or "Adenosine") - Nuclear stress test measures blood flow to your heart muscle both at rest and during stress on the heart. It's performed similarly to a routine exercise stress test, but provides images that can show areas of low blood flow through the heart and areas of damaged heart muscle


    Types of Blood Tests


    Overused Tests & Procedures

    • Repeat colonoscopies within 10 years of a first test
    • Early imaging for most back pain
    • Brain scans for patients who fainted but didn't have seizures
    • Antibiotics for mild- to-moderate sinusitis unless symptoms last for seven or more days or worsen
    • Stress cardiac imaging or advanced non-invasive imaging in the initial evaluation of patients without cardiac symptoms unless high-risk markers are present
    • PAP smears on women younger than 21 or who have had a hysterectomy for a non-cancer disease
    • Advanced imaging or bone scans in patients with early-stage breast or low-grade prostate cancer
    • Bone scan screening for osteoporosis in women younger than 65 or men younger than 70 with no risk factors
    • Routine cancer screening on dialysis patients with limited life expectancies
    • Chemotherapy for sickest cancer patients


    Knowledge & Prevention

    1. Alzheimer's Disease
    2. Alcohol Abuse
    3. Alcoholic Liver Disease
    4. Allergies
    5. Anthrax
    6. Angina & Chest Pain
    7. Anxiety
    8. Arthritis
    9. Asthma
    10. Autism
    11. Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
    12. Back Pain
    13. Bladder Diseases
    14. Blood Diseases
    15. BMI
    16. Bone Tumor
    17. Brain Disease
    18. Brain Tumor
    19. Cancer
    20. Cardiovascular
    21. Chest Pain
    22. Cholera
    23. Cholesterol
    24. Cholesterol: Good vs Bad
    25. Cold
    26. Coma
    27. Contraceptive Guide
    28. Cough
    29. Creatinine Kinase
    30. Creatinine Phosphokinase (CPK)
    31. Depression
    32. Diarrhea
    33. Diabetes
    34. Eye Diseases
    35. Flu
    36. Hand Carpal Tunnel Release/Surgery
    37. Headache
    38. Heart Attack
    39. Heartburn
    40. Heart Disease
    41. Herpes
    42. High Blood Pressure
    43. HIV/AIDS
    44. HIV/AIDS Key Facts
    45. Kidney
    46. Knee Pain
    47. Liver Disease
    48. Fatty Liver Disease
    49. Lung Disease
    50. Malaria
    51. Medical Encyclopedia
    52. Medicine Dictionary
    53. Mental Illness
    54. Mesothelioma
    55. Obesity
    56. Parkinson Disease
    57. Personality
    58. Poisonous Snakes
    59. Schizophrenia
    60. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
    61. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
    62. Smallpox
    63. Stroke
    64. Sleep Disorder
    65. Stress
    66. Substance
    67. Suicide
    68. Toothache
    69. Transplant
    70. Tuberculosis
    71. Tumor
    72. Vision
    73. Vitamins
    74. Zika


    Knowledge of Medical Devices

    1. Colorectal Cancer: What You Should Know
    2. Don't be Misled by "Latex Free" Claims
    3. Laser Toys: Not Always Child's Play
    4. Avoid Fetal "Keepsake" Images, Heartbeat Monitors
    5. More Choices Available for Diabetes Management
    6. Your Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA
    7. Mammography: What You Need to Know
    8. FDA Builds Closer Ties with Mexico
    9. 3D Technologies Poised to Change How Doctors Diagnose Cancers
    10. Treating Migraines: More Ways to Fight the Pain
    11. FDA Explores New Uses for MRI Scans
    12. WANTED: Consumers to Report Problems
    13. Mom, Can I Get Contact Lenses, Please?
    14. Filling in Wrinkles Safely
    15. Personalized Medicine and Companion Diagnostics Go Hand-in-Hand
    16. Did You Know? FDA Supports Research to Reduce Health Disparities
    17. FDA Teams Up for Novel Campaign on Risks of Decorative Contact Lenses
    18. Blood Pressure Monitoring Kiosks Aren't for Everyone
    19. Indoor Tanning Raises Risk of Melanoma: FDA Strengthens Warnings for Sunlamp Products
    20. Always Tired? You May Have Sleep Apnea
    21. Protecting Your Vision: Facts and Fiction
    22. Beware of False or Misleading Claims for Treating Autism
    23. FDA Broadens Its Vocabulary
    24. Fighting Diabetes' Deadly Impact on Minorities
    25. FDA Historians Share Lessons From Agency's Past
    26. Five Tips for a Safer Spring Break
    27. FDA Speeds Innovation in Rare Disease Therapies
    28. Devices in Public Places Restart Hearts
    29. Improving Your Odds for Cervical Health
    30. Some Wart Removers are Flammable
    31. Check Adult Portable Bed Rails Often for Safer Use
    32. Nipple Aspirate Test is No Substitute for Mammogram
    33. Hearing Loss Signals Need for Diagnosis
    34. FDA Helping to Advance Treatments Tailored to You
    35. Decorative Contact Lenses: Is Your Vision Worth It?
    36. Island Office Protects Consumers Near and Far
    37. Keeping Up with Progress in Mobile Medical Apps
    38. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Don't Be Misled
    39. Safety Problems With Your Child's Medical Device?
    40. FDA Forges Partnerships in Latin America
    41. Users of Last CFC Inhalers Must Soon Switch
    42. Clinical Trials Shed Light on Minority Health
    43. FDA Invention Fights Counterfeit Malaria Drugs
    44. FDA Wants YOU (to Get Involved)
    45. Making Health and Health Care Equal for All
    46. Zebrafish Make a Splash in FDA Research
    47. Putting a Patch on Migraines
    48. FDA Team Advances Women's Health
    49. 5 Things to Know About Breast Implants
    50. Report Kids' Problems With Medical Products
    51. Searching Online for 'Hemorrhoids'?
    52. Inked and Regretful: Removing Tattoos
    53. Jonca Bull: FDA Fights Health Disparities
    54. Breast Pumps: Don't Be Misled - Get the Facts
    55. Making Medical Devices Safer at Home
    56. Is Rinsing Your Sinuses Safe?
    57. FDA Continues Dialogue on 'Nano' Regulation
    58. Toothbrush Can Chip Teeth and Cause Choking
    59. FDA Targets Risks From Reused Medical Devices
    60. FDA Targets Gastric Band Weight-Loss Claims
    61. Consumer Update: FDA and Partners Working to Prevent Surgical Fires
    62. Don't Be Fooled By Health Fraud Scams
    63. Improperly Discarded 'Sharps' Can Be Dangerous
    64. How Is Diabetes Treated in Children?
    65. Oct. 20 Webinar - FDA's MedWatch System: How to Report Adverse Events
    66. Do Baby Products Prevent SIDS? FDA Says No
    67. FDA Modernizing Regulatory Science
    68. July 28 Webinar: Home Use of Medical Devices
    69. FDA Proposes Health 'App' Guidelines
    70. Silicone Gel-Filled Breast Implants: Updated Safety Information
    71. Thermogram No Substitute for Mammogram
    72. May 17 Webinar: Foreign Inspections
    73. Dry Mouth? Don't Delay Treatment
    74. Identifying Recalled Products
    75. March 15 Webinar: Tattoos and Permanent Makeup
    76. FDA Advises Women With Breast Implants
    77. 'Lucky 13' Tips for a Safe Halloween
    78. FDA 101: Health Fraud Awareness
    79. Infant Sleep Positioners Pose Suffocation Risk
    80. FDA Cautions Against Using Unapproved IUDs
    81. Infant Overdose Risk With Liquid Vitamin D
    82. Drugs.com Furthers Reach of FDA Consumer Health Information
    83. Indoor Tanning: The Risks of Ultraviolet Rays
    84. Triclosan: What Consumers Should Know


    U.S. Hospitals (by States)

    | Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | District of Columbia | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming | Guam | Puerto Rico | Virgin-Islands |


    Professional Associations & Societies
    1. Academy Health
    2. Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy
    3. Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care
    4. Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education
    5. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
    6. Advanced Medical Technology Association
    7. Alliance of Claims Assistance Professionals
    8. Alliance of Community Health Plans
    9. Alliance for Health Reform
    10. Alliance of Independent Academic Medical Centers
    11. America's Blood Centers
    12. American Academy of Medical Administrators
    13. American Academy of Neurology
    14. American Academy of Orthaepedic Surgeons
    15. American Academy of Pediatrics
    16. American Academy of Peridontology
    17. American Academy of Physician Assistants
    18. American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    19. American Academy of Procedural Coders
    20. American Accreditation HealthCare Commission
    21. American Ambulance Association
    22. American Ass'n for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities
    23. American Association for Homecare
    24. American Association of Ambulatory Surgery Centers
    25. American Association of Association Executives
    26. American Association of Blood Banks
    27. American Association of Colleges of Nursing
    28. American Association of Eye and Ear Hospitals
    29. American Association of Community Psychiatrists
    30. American Association of Healthcare Administrative Management
    31. American Association of Healthcare Consultants
    32. American Association of Hospital Dentists
    33. American Association of Integrated Healthcare Delivery Systems
    34. American Association of Medical Assistants
    35. American Medical Billing Association
    36. American Association of Medical Review Officers
    37. American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
    38. American Association of Operating Room Nurses
    39. American Association of Physicists in Medicine
    40. American Association of Poison Control Centers
    41. American Association of Preferred Provider Organizations
    42. American Association of Retired Persons
    43. American Association of Tissue Banks
    44. American Bar Association
    45. American Board of Medical Specialties
    46. American College of Cardiology
    47. American College of Health Care Administrators
    48. American College of Healthcare Architects
    49. American College of Healthcare Executives
    50. American College of Healthcare Information Administrators
    51. American College of Legal Medicine
    52. American College of Medical Quality
    53. American College of Physician Executives
    54. American College of Surgeons/Commission on Cancer
    55. American Dental Association
    56. American Health Care Association
    57. American Healthcare Radiology Administrators
    58. American Health Information Management Association
    59. American Health Planning Association
    60. American Health Quality Association
    61. American Healthcare Radiology Administrators
    62. American Heart Association
    63. American Lung Association
    64. American Managed Behavioral Healthcare Association
    65. American Medical Association
    66. American Medical Directors Association
    67. American Medical Group Association
    68. American Medical Informatics Association
    69. American Medical Rehabilitation Providers Association
    70. American Medical Resources Foundation
    71. American Medical Women's Association
    72. American Nurses Association
    73. American Occupational Therapy Association
    74. American Organization of Nurse Executives
    75. American Osteopathic Association
    76. American Physical Therapy Association
    77. American Podiatric Medical Association
    78. American Psychiatric Association
    79. American Psychiatric Nurses Association
    80. American Psychological Association
    81. American Public Health Association
    82. American School Health Association
    83. American Society for Geriatric Psychiatry
    84. American Society for Healthcare Environmental Services
    85. American Society for Healthcare Food Service
    86. American Society for Quality
    87. American Society for Testing and Materials
    88. American Society of Anesthesiologists
    89. American Society of Healthcare Publication Editors
    90. American Society of Health System Pharmacists
    91. American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
    92. American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
    93. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
    94. American Telemedicine Association
    95. American's Blood Centers
    96. Association for Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs
    97. Association for Ambulatory Behavioral Healthcare
    98. Association for Benchmarking Health Care
    99. Association for Clinicians for the Underserved
    100. Association for Electronic Health Care Transactions
    101. Association for Health Center Affiliated Health Plans
    102. Association for Healthcare Philanthropy
    103. Association for Hispanic Healthcare Executives
    104. Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology
    105. Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation
    106. Association for Worksite Health Promotion
    107. Association of Academic Health Centers
    108. Association of Air Medical Services
    109. Association of American Medical Colleges
    110. Association of Behavioral Healthcare Management
    111. Association of Cancer Executives
    112. Association of Nutrition & Foodservice Professionals
    113. Association of Clinical Research Organizations
    114. Association of Freestanding Radiation Oncology Centers
    115. Association of Healthcare Internal Auditors
    116. Association of Health Care Journalists
    117. Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs
    118. Association of Medical Device Reprocessors
    119. Association of Medical Directors of Information Systems
    120. Association of Operating Room Nurses
    121. Association of Organ Procurement Organizations
    122. Association of Professional Chaplains
    123. Association of Public Health Laboratories
    124. Association of Staff Physician Recruiters
    125. Directors of Health Promotion and Public Health Education
    126. Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
    127. Association of University Programs in Health Administration
    128. Association of Vision Science Librarians
    129. Australian Healthcare & Hospitals Association
    130. Biotechnology Industry Organization
    131. Canadian College of Health Service Executives
    132. Canadian Healthcare Association
    133. Case Management Society of America
    134. Catholic Health Association of the United States
    135. Center for Studying Health System Change
    136. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
    137. Clinical Laboratory Management Association
    138. Coalition for Affordable Quality Healthcare
    139. Coalition for Affordable and Reliable Health Care
    140. Coalition for Healthcare e-Standards
    141. COLA - Commission on Office Laboratory Accreditation)
    142. College of Healthcare Information Management Executives
    143. Commission of Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools
    144. Commission on Accreditation of Ambulance Service
    145. Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities
    146. Common Good [malpractice liability reform]
    147. Consumer Driven Health Care Association
    148. Consumer Healthcare Products Association
    149. Council for Responsible Telemedicine
    150. Council of Ethical Organizations - Health Ethics Trust
    151. Council of Teaching Hospitals and Health Systems
    152. Council of Women's and Infants Specialty Hospitals
    153. Dental Group Management Association
    154. Disease Management Association of America
    155. EHR Collaborative - [electronic health record standards]
    156. Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
    157. Electronic Healthcare Network Accreditation Commission
    158. Emergency Department Practice Management Association
    159. Emergency Nurses Association
    160. Employee Benefit Research Institute
    161. Employers' Managed Health Care Association
    162. European Healthcare Management Association
    163. Eye Bank Association of America
    164. Federated Ambulatory Surgery Association
    165. Federation of American Hospitals
    166. Federation of State MedicalBoards of the United States
    167. Forum on Privacy and Security in Healthcare
    168. Governance Institute
    169. Healthcare Billing and Management Association
    170. HealthCare Chaplaincy
    171. Health Care Compliance Association
    172. Healthcare Convention and Exhibitors Associations
    173. Healthcare Distribution Management Association
    174. Healthcare EDI Coalition [electronic data, internet]
    175. Health Care Education Association
    176. Healthcare Financial Management Association
    177. Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society
    178. Health Insurance Association of America
    179. Healthcare Leadership Council
    180. Health Care Liability Alliance
    181. Healthcare Manufacturers Marketing Council
    182. Health Care Resource Management Society
    183. Healthcare Roundtable
    184. Health Care Without Harm
    185. Health Industry Business Communications Council
    186. Health Industry Distributors Association
    187. Health Industry Group Purchasing Association
    188. Health Industry Representatives Association
    189. Health Insurance Association of America
    190. Health Level Seven
    191. Health Occupations Students of America
    192. Health Technology Center
    193. Hospice Association of America
    194. Hospital Fire Marshals' Association
    195. Hospital Home Care Association of America
    196. HSA Coalition
    197. Institute of Certified Healthcare Business Consultants
    198. Insurance Information Institute
    199. Integrated Healthcare Association
    200. International Association for Healthcare Security & Safety
    201. International Association for Medical Assistance to Travellers
    202. International Ass'n of Healthcare Central Service Materiel Mgnt
    203. International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care
    204. International Association of Privacy Professionals
    205. International Executive Housekeepers Association
    206. International Foundation of Employee Benefit Plans
    207. International Health Economics Association
    208. International Interior Design Association
    209. International Red Cross
    210. Internet Healthcare Coalition
    211. IPA Association of America
    212. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
    213. Joint Healthcare Information Technology Alliance
    214. Leapfrog Group
    215. Medical Banking Project
    216. Medical Device Manufacturers Association
    217. Medical Fitness Association
    218. Medical Group Management Association
    219. Medical Library Association
    220. Medical Outcomes Trust
    221. Medical Records Institute
    222. Medical Transcription Industry Alliance
    223. Medicare Rights Center
    224. Mobile Healthcare Alliance
    225. National Adult Day Services Association
    226. National Alliance for Caregiving
    227. National Assembly on School-Based Health Care
    228. National Association Medical Staff Services
    229. National Association for Health Care Recruitment
    230. National Association for Healthcare Quality
    231. National Association of Health Services Executives
    232. National Association for Home Care and Hospice
    233. National Association for Medical Direction of Respiratory Care
    234. National Association for Rehabilitation Leadership
    235. National Association for Subacute / Post Acute Care
    236. National Association for Women's Health
    237. National Association of Addiction Treatment Providers
    238. National Association of Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Counselors
    239. National Association of Chain Drug Stores
    240. National Association of Childbearing Centers
    241. National Association of Children's Hospitals & Related Inst
    242. National Association of County and City Health Officials
    243. National Association of Dental Plans
    244. National Ass'n of Directors of Nursing Administration in Long Term Care
    245. National Association of Health Consultants
    246. National Association of Health Data Organizations
    247. National Association of Health Services Executives
    248. National Association of Health Underwriters
    249. National Association of Health Unit Coordinators
    250. National Association of Healthcare Access Management
    251. National Association of Healthcare Transport Management
    252. National Association of Hospital Hospitality Houses
    253. National Association of Insurance Commissioners
    254. National Association of Local Boards of Health
    255. National Association of Long Term Care Hospitals
    256. National Association of Managed Care Regulators
    257. National Association of Medical Staff Services
    258. National Association of Psychiatric Health Systems
    259. National Association of Public Hospitals
    260. National Association of Rural Health Clinics
    261. National Association of Social Workers
    262. National Association of State Medicaid Directors
    263. National Ass'n of State Mental Health Program Directors
    264. National Association of Urban Hospitals
    265. National Board of Medical Examiners
    266. National Business Coalition on Health
    267. National Center for Assisted Living
    268. National Coalition on Health Care
    269. National Commission on Correctional Health Care
    270. National Committee for Quality Assurance
    271. National Comprehensive Cancer Network
    272. National Conference of State Legislatures
    273. National Consortium of Breast Centers
    274. National Consortium of Health Science and Technology Education
    275. Nat'l Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting & Prevention
    276. National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare
    277. National Council for Prescription Drug Programs
    278. National Council of Health Facilities Finance Authorities
    279. National Council of State Boards of Nursing
    280. National Council on Interpreting in Health Care
    281. National Council on Patient Information and Education
    282. National CPA Health Care Advisors Association
    283. National Electronic Billers Alliance
    284. National Quality Forum
    285. National Health Care Anti-Fraud Association
    286. National Health Care for the Homeless Council
    287. National Health Council
    288. National Healthcare Cost and Quality Association
    289. National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization
    290. National Institute for Health Care Management
    291. Certification Board for Sterile Processing and Distribution
    292. National League for Nursing
    293. National Medical Association
    294. National Mental Health Association
    295. National PACE Association
    296. National Rural Health Association
    297. National Spine Network
    298. National Uniform Claim Committee
    299. North American Association for Ambulatory Urgent Care
    300. North American Association of Central Cancer Registries
    301. Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow
    302. Paraprofessional Healthcare Institute
    303. Partnership for Patient Safety
    304. Patient Safety Institute
    305. People's Medical Society
    306. Pharmaceutical Care Management Association
    307. Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers Association
    308. Pharmacy Benefit Management Institute
    309. Physician Hospitals of America
    310. Physician Insurers Association of America
    311. Professional Association of Health Care Office Managers
    312. Public Relations Society of America/Health Academy
    313. Radiology Business Management Association
    314. Scottsdale Institute
    315. Self-Insurance Institute of America
    316. Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America
    317. Society for Radiology Oncology Administrators
    318. Society for Social Work Leadership in Health Care
    319. Society of Chest Pain Centers and Providers
    320. Society of Hospital Medicine
    321. Society of Medical-Dental Management Consultants
    322. Texas Association for Home Care
    323. United Hospital Fund
    324. United Network for Organ Sharing
    325. Universal Health Care Action Network
    326. The Urban Institute
    327. Visiting Nurse Association of America
    328. Volunteer Trustees
    329. Volunteers in Health Care



    Medical Journals and Magazines
    1. AIDS
    2. American Journal of Medicine
    3. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
    4. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
    5. American Journal of Clinical Oncology
    6. American Journal Of Preventative Medicine
    7. American Journal of Physical Anthropology
    8. American Journal Of Hospice And Palliative Medicine
    9. Annals of Oncology
    10. American Journal of Psychiatry
    11. American Journal of Kidney Diseases
    12. American Journal of Public Health
    13. Annals of Surgical Oncology
    14. Annals Of Internal Medicine
    15. Annual Review Of Public Health
    16. American Journal Of Public Health
    17. American Journal of Human Biology
    18. American Naturalist
    19. Anesthesia & Analgesia
    20. Applied & Environmental Microbiology
    21. Animal Behaviour
    22. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
    23. Annals of Medicine
    24. Annals. Entomological Society of America
    25. Annals of Emergency Medicine
    26. Archives of Ophthalmology
    27. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
    28. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
    29. The Auk
    30. BMC Pediatrics
    31. Biochemistry
    32. Biomednet Journals
    33. Breast Cancer Wellness Magazine
    34. British Journal of Surgery
    35. Blood
    36. Bulletin Of The World Health Organization
    37. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
    38. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
    39. Biotechnology & Bioengineering
    40. BMJ: The British Medical Journal
    41. Blood
    42. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society
    43. Botany (formerly the Canadian Journal of Botany)
    44. British Medical Journal
    45. & Cognition
    46. Canadian Journal of Forest Research
    47. Cancer
    48. Cancer
    49. Coping with Cancer
    50. Cancer Fighters Thrive
    51. Cancer Research
    52. Cancer Today Magazine
    53. Cancer Journal for Clinicians
    54. Cell
    55. ,
    56. Chest
    57. Circulation
    58. Clinical Cancer Research
    59. Clinical Cardiology Journal
    60. Clinical Infectious Diseases
    61. Conservation Biology
    62. Critical Care Medicine
    63. Current Biology
    64. Cancer Cytopathology
    65. Development
    66. Diabetes
    67. Drug Safety
    68. Ecology
    69. Elsevier
    70. Epidemiologic Reviews
    71. EMBO Journal
    72. Environmental Research
    73. Evolution
    74. FASEB Journal
    75. Gastroenterology
    76. Genetics
    77. Harvard Health Journal
    78. Health Services Research Journal
    79. Human Gene Therapy
    80. Immunology
    81. Irish Medical Journal
    82. International Journal of Plant Sciences
    83. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
    84. Journal Of Aging And Health
    85. Journal Of Adolescent Health
    86. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
    87. Journal of Anatomy
    88. ,
    89. Journal of Bacteriology
    90. Journal of Biological Chemistry
    91. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    92. Journal of Cell Biology
    93. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
    94. Journal of Ecology
    95. Journal of Experimental Biology
    96. Journal of Experimental Botany
    97. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology
    98. Journal of Experimental Zoology
    99. Journal of Fish Biology
    100. Journal of Herpetology
    101. ,
    102. Journal of Human Evolution
    103. ,
    104. Journal of Immunology
    105. Journal of Mammalogy
    106. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
    107. Journal of Molecular Biology
    108. Journal of Natural History
    109. Journal of Paleontology
    110. Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics
    111. Journal of Plant Research
    112. Journal of Shellfish Research
    113. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
    114. Journal of the American College of Surgeons
    115. Journal of the American Dental Association
    116. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
    117. Journal of the National Cancer Institute
    118. Journal Of The American Medical Association
    119. Journal of Clinical Oncology
    120. Journal of Human Evolution
    121. Journal Of Clinical Investigation
    122. Journal of Global Oncology
    123. Journal of Oncology Practice
    124. Journal of Urology
    125. Journal of Virology
    126. Journal of Zoology
    127. JCO Precision Oncology
    128. JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics
    129. Limnology & Oceanography
    130. Mayo Clinic Proceedings
    131. Medical Care
    132. Medical Journal Of Australia
    133. Molecular & Cellular Biology
    134. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics
    135. Nature
    136. Nature Biotechnology
    137. Nature Genetics
    138. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
    139. Neurology
    140. New England Journal of Medicine
    141. NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine
    142. Nou Magazine: Women Survivors
    143. Nucleic Acids Research
    144. Pancreas
    145. Pediatrics
    146. Plant Ecology
    147. Plant Physiology
    148. Preventative Medicine
    149. Patient Resource Cancer Guide
    150. Physician's Weekly
    151. PNAS: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
    152. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B - Biological Sciences
    153. PubMed
    154. Radiology
    155. Remedy
    156. Science Daily News
    157. Science Magazine
    158. Systematic Botany
    159. The American Journal of Botany
    160. The Journal of Zoology
    161. The American Journal of Physical Anthropology
    162. The Lancet
    163. The Journal of Paleontology
    164. The Physician and Sports Medicine
    165. Virology
    166. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine


    Health Care References

    Addictions
    Allergy Escape
    Alternative Medicine
    Alzheimer's Facing
    About Autism
    Autism Secrets
    Brain Aneurysm
    Brain Aneurysms Treatment
    Cancer Warning Signs
    Cardiovascular: Info on Treatments
    Cardiac Rehabilitation Guide
    Cardiac Rehabilitation
    CDC A-Z Index
    Colds & Influenza: Difference
    Communicable Disease Quick Facts
    Consumers & Patients
    COVID-19 - An Overview
    Computer & Internet Addiction
    Depression
    Diabetes Facts
    Doctor: Find & Read Doctor Reviews
    Family Doctor
    H1N1 Swine Flu - Video
    Health News
    Heart & Nuts
    Human Blood Types
    Health Insurance Rights & Protections
    Diseases Symptoms References
    Health Content A-Z
    Eating Red Meat vs Death Risk
    Health Care Quality
    Health Care Research
    Health Encyclopedia
    Health Information and Treatment
    Health News - Medical Treatment
    High Blood Pressure/Hypertension
    Kidney Patient Guide
    Mad Cow Disease
    MedScape: Health News and Journals
    MedicineNet
    Medical Dictionary
    Medical News & Discussion
    NIH: Health Information
    Pure Intimacy: Recovering
    SARS - An Overview
    Sexually Transmitted Disease
    Stroke
    Surgeon General
    Recalls, Withdrawals and Safety
    Understanding of Cancer Types
    WHO: Health Care
    Women and Heart Disease




    Resources

    FDA.Gov: Medication Guides - Medication Guides address issues that are specific to particular drugs and drug classes, and they contain FDA-approved information that can help patients avoid serious adverse events.

    Healthcare.Gov - Health reform puts American families and small business owners in control of their own health care.

    World Health Organization (WHO) - WHO, a United Nations organization providing health support to countries, monitoring and assessing health trends.

    FDA.Gov: Recalls, Market Withdrawals, & Safety Alerts - The site provides information gathered from press releases and other public notices about certain recalls of FDA-regulated products.

    Healthypeople.gov - Healthy People provides science-based, 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans.

    Health.gov - Health.gov, a government Web site that provides health information for individuals and families.

    WomensHealth.gov - WomensHealth.gov, a government Web site that provides health information for women.

    GirlsHealth.gov - GirlsHealth.gov, a government Web site that help girls (ages 10 to 16) learn about health, growing up, and issues they may face.

    AHRQ.gov - AHRQ.gov, a government Web site that provides about healthcare research and quality.

    Harvard School of Public Health - The Harvard School of Public Health has been at the forefront of efforts to benefit the health of populations worldwide. Its landmark discoveries and world-class graduates have saved lives and lifted the burden of disease around the globe.

    MedicineNet.com - MedicineNet.com, an online, healthcare media publishing company, provides the trusted source for online health and medical information for consumers.

    AfterDeployment.Org - An online resource supporting Service Members, their Families, and Veterans, with common post-deployment concerns. The website provides self-care solutions targeting post-traumatic stress, depression, anger, sleep, relationship concerns, and other mental health challenges.

    USP.Org - The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) - a non–governmental, official public standards–setting authority for medicines sold in the United States - provides safe harbors for manufacturers of medicines, dietary supplements, and other health care products, helping them to comply with regulatory requirements.

    Medlineplus.Gov - Provides information about diseases, conditions, and wellness issues. These include directories, a medical encyclopedia and a medical dictionary, easy-to-understand tutorials on common conditions, tests, and treatments, health information, extensive information on prescription and nonprescription drugs, health information from the media, and links to thousands of clinical trials.

    FDA.Gov - Provides information about infectious diseases, travel medicine and epidemiology. provides users with credible, reliable health information on data and statistics, diseases and conditions, emergencies and disasters, environmental health, healthy living, injury, violence and safety, life stages and populations, workplace safety and health, travelers' health, and more.

    CDC.Gov - Provides information about drugs. The agency is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.

    Cancer.Gov - Provides information about cancer with respect to the cause, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and the continuing care of cancer patients and the families of cancer patients.

    HealthCare.Gov - Take health care into your own hands, explore insurance coverage options and learn about how the Affordable Care Act impacts you. Find information for individuals, families, senior citizens, people with disabilities, young adults and employers.

    Health Care in America - America's $2.2-trillion-a-year medical complex is enormously wasteful, ill-targeted, inefficient, and unfair. The best medical care is extremely good, but the rest is bad and falling apart. CDC is trying to examine how American health care utilization is changing and what data gaps exist in its understanding of the evolving health care delivery system in America. A proposal ...

    Innerbody - Interactive Human Anatomy - Study the anatomy of the human body is fun. You can understand how the following parts of your body work - Appendix, Bladder, Brain, Gallbladder, Female genitals, Heart, Kidneys, Large intestine, Liver, Lungs, Male genitals, Pancreas, Skin, Spleen, Small intestine, Stomach, Voice box,...

    NPR: Health Care - Prognosis Negative Again for Medicare - Better Tests Needed to Control Tuberculosis - Why Kids Curse - Tool Reassesses Osteoporosis Risk - For Spring, an Attempt to Forgo Meat - Stopping Deaths From Incorrect Drug Doses - How to Get a Good Night's Sleep...

    Let's Stop Running Scared - Guess I Should Have My Prostate Checked. Maybe I Need Prozac. Is There A Pill For This?  Aren't You On Lipitor? Uh-Oh, Is This A Heart Attack? I Just Can't Sleep. Time For A Breast Exam? Is That Mole Getting Bigger? Oh, My Knee! What's Pre-Diabetes Anyway? Am I Shrinking?" - " Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer" by Shannon Brownlee. NPR Interview.

    Live Longer, Better Wiser - How To Live To 100 - With advance in medicine, healthier eating habits, less smoking and doing exercises, people have a greater possibility of living longer than at any time in the previous generations. This includes eating a heart-healthy diet, staying connected and current keeps brain working, watching your waist, drinking moderately (e.g.; tea, wine intake, coffee), making friends at work, and more...

    HealthDay.com - Information About Health - Provides best-of-breed health information and online tools aimed at helping individuals take control of their well-being.

    Everydayhealth.com - What Medical Facts Should People Be Aware Of? - What should people know about minor injuries and about distinguishing things that need professional treatment from things that do not.

    WebMD - Better Information - Better Health - - Provides valuable health information, tools for managing your health, and support to those who seek information.

    Ask The Expert - Questions & Answers About Medicine - Doctors Lounge is one of the most popular online medical resources for physicians, students and allied clinical professionals. It provides clinical information through multimedia tutorials and other study aids. Both patients and professionals can seek answers to medical questions via the public discussion medical forums.

    Ask a Patient - Medicine Ratings and Health Care Opinions - - Provides reports on patient ratings and rankings of pharmaceuticals and prescription drug side effects. Database includes FDA-approved pharmaceuticals.

    Health Central - - Provides medical information for patients and caregivers, and fosters a rich community of patients and experts who share their experiences, "real-world" learning and support as they manage their day-to-day lives & health.

    Medifocus - Trusted Medical Information - Provides unique in-depth health information tool that covers various medical issues such as cancer, heart ailments, and chronic childhood conditions.

    NIH - The Steward of Medical & Behavioral Research Center - One of the world's foremost medical research centers in the US.

    Health.gov - Reliable Resources for Health and Disease - - Provides guide to health information, illness and, wellness, among others.

    University of Rochester Medical Center - Health Encyclopedia - A goldmine of good medical and health information containing comprehensive, accurate, unbiased, and reliable database of health articles and reference materials.

    Health Sources -  Details on Health Issues and Solutions. - If your body is telling you that you’re not quite right then there are loads of ways for check out. Here are the practical articles for health, illness and wellness.

    Young Scot - Discuss About Drinking, Smoking, Drugs, and Sexual Health. - Health is not all about medicines and illnesses believe it or not. It's more about how you feel about yourself, both physically and mentally.

    NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases - National Resource Center - - Provides patients, health professionals, and the public with an important link to resources and information on metabolic bone diseases.

    University of York, York, UK - Effective Health Care Bulletins - Effective Health Care is a bulletin for decision makers which examines the effectiveness of a variety of health care interventions.

    The American Journal of Medicine - "The Green Journal" publishes original clinical research of interest to physicians in internal medicine, both in academia and community-based practice. It is the official journal of The Association of Professors of Medicine, a prestigious group comprised of chairs of departments of internal medicine at more than 125 medical schools across the country.

    American Heart Association - Provides information about healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke.

    American Lung Association - Provides information and resources to prevent lung disease and promote lung health.

    American Cancer Society - Provides information & resources for cancer: breast, colon, prostate, lung and more.

    Info Center

    Human Body & Mind
  • Organs Anatomy
  • Nervous Anatomy
  • Organs - Appendix
  • Bladder
  • Female Genitals
  • Fish Oils & Brainpower
  • Gall Bladder
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Liver
  • Large Intestine
  • Lungs
  • Male Genitals
  • Nerve Cells & Nerves
  • Pancreas
  • Peripheral Nervous System
  • Sight
  • Skin
  • Small Intestine
  • Smell
  • Spinal Cord
  • Spleen
  • Stomach
  • Touch
  • Voice box
  • Intelligence

  • Hospitals & Doctors
  • Best Hospitals by Speciality
  • Best Hospitals for Neurology & Neurosurgery.
  • USA Hospitals
  • Best Hospitals
  • US Hospitals Facts
  • Hospital Worldwide
  • World's Best Hospitals
  • Worldwide Hospitals
  • World Hospitals
  • Hospital Link
  • Hospital Directory
  • Hospital Search
  • USA Directory
  • American Hospital Ass
  • Doctor Directory
  • Famous Doctors.
  • Greatest 20th Century Physicians
  • Top Doctors List
  • Top Doctors in America.
  • Best Doctors in America
  • List of Famous Doctors.
  • Doctors by Specialty - Doctor Reviews.
  • 7 of the US' Most Influential Physicians Today
  • 10 Top Hospitals Worldwide
  • 10 Doctors Who Changed the World.
  • 10 Most Influential & Famous Doctors in the World
  • 10 Best Doctors in the World.
  • 12 Famous Doctors of Medicine.
  • 19 Top Hospitals
  • 20 Highest-Ranked U.S. Hospitals
  • 20 Most Innovative Surgeons Alive Today.
  • 20 Most Influential Medical Researchers Alive Today
  • 25 Interesting Facts About Surgeons and Surgery
  • 25 'Most Influential' Physicians of the Past 100 Years
  • 30 of the Oldest Medical Schools in the World.
  • 50 Top Hospitals
  • 100 Top Hospitals
  • 100 Great Hospitals in America
  • 100 Top Hospitals
  • 195 UVA Physicians Chosen for 'Best Doctors in America'.

  • Health & Wellness

    What to check when you reach:

    a. 20s to 30s:
    b. 40s:
    c. 50s:
    d. 60s:

    Human Body's Organs

    Our human body uses organs working in coordination to form a number of biological systems, including circulatory system, digestive system, endocrine system, reproductive system, respiratory system, urinary system, and integumentary system, to perform specific functions necessary for our daily living. There are 78 main organs within the human body, of which the brain, heart, lungs, liver, and kidneys are essential for survival.

    1. Adrenal Glands
    2. Anus
    3. Appendix
    4. Arteries
    5. Bladder
    6. Blood Vessels
    7. Bones
    8. Bone Marrow
    9. Bulbourethral Glands
    10. Brain
    11. Bronchi
    12. Capillaries
    13. Clitoris
    14. Cerebellum
    15. Colon (Large Intestine)
    16. Diaphragm
    17. Ears
    18. Epididymis
    19. Esophagus
    20. Eyes
    21. Fallopian Tubes (Uterine)
    22. Foramen Ovale (Heart)
    23. Foramen Ovale (Skull)
    24. Gallbladder
    25. Heart
    26. Hypothalamus
    27. Interstitium
    28. Joints and Ligaments
    29. Kidneys
    30. Larynx
    31. Ligament
    32. Liver
    33. Lungs
    34. Lymph Nodes
    35. Lymphatic Vessels
    36. Mammary Glands
    37. Mesentery
    38. Mouth
    39. Nasal Cavity (Inner Nose)
    40. Nose
    41. Nervous System
    42. Ovary
    43. Olfactory Epithelium
    44. Parathyroid Glands
    45. Pancreas
    46. Penis
    47. Pharynx and Epiglottis
    48. Placenta
    49. Pineal Gland
    50. Pituitary Gland
    51. Prostate
    52. Rectum
    53. Salivary Glands
    54. Scrotum
    55. Seminal Vesicles
    56. Skeletal Muscle
    57. Skin
    58. Small Intestine
    59. Spinal Cord
    60. Spleen
    61. Stomach
    62. Subcutaneous Tissue
    63. Teeth
    64. Tendon
    65. Testes
    66. Thymus Gland
    67. Thyroid Gland
    68. Tonsils
    69. Trachea
    70. Tongue
    71. Ureters
    72. Urethra
    73. Urinary System
    74. Uterus
    75. Vagina
    76. Vas Deferens
    77. Veins
    78. Vulva

    Number of Deaths for Leading Causes of Death in 2019 in the US
    • Heart disease: 659,041
    • Cancer: 599,601
    • Accidents (unintentional injuries): 173,040
    • Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 156,979
    • Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 150,005
    • Alzheimer’s disease: 121,499
    • Diabetes: 87,647
    • Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis: 51,565
    • Influenza and pneumonia: 49,783
    • Intentional self-harm (suicide): 47,511

    Mortality in the United States, 2018

    Top Causes of Death in 2017 Worldwide
    • Heart Diseases: 17,790,000
    • Cancers: 9,560,000
    • Respiratory Diseases: 3,091,000
    • Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases: 2,056,000
    • Dementia: 2,051,000
    • Digestive Diseases: 2,038,000
    • Neonatal Disorders: 1,078,000
    • Diarrhaoeal Disease: 1,057,000
    • Diabetes: 1,037,000
    • Liver Diseases: 1,032,000
    • Road Injury: 1,024,000
    • Tuberculosis: 1,018,000

    Number of the death of cancer in 2015 (Worldwide)

    Top Causes of Death in 2012 Worldwide
    • Heart Disease: 7,400,000
    • Stroke (Cerebrovascular Diseases): 6,700,000
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): 3,100,000
    • Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases: 3,100,000
    • Lung Cancer: 1,600,000
    • HIV/IADS: 1,500,000
    • Diarrhaoeal Disease: 1,500,000
    • Diabetes: 1,500,000
    • Road Injury: 1,300,000
    • Hypertensive Heart Disease: 1,100,000

    Number of the death in 2012 (U.S.)
    • Oral cavity & pharynx: 40,250
    • Digestive system: 284,680
    • Respiratory system: 244,180
    • Bones & joints: 2,890
    • Soft tissue (including heart): 11,280
    • Skin: 81,240
    • Breast: 229,060
    • Genital system: 340,650
    • Urinary system: 141,140
    • Eye & orbit: 2,610
    • Brain & other nervous system: 22,910
    • Endocrine system: 58,980
    • Lymphoma: 79,190
    • Myeloma: 21,700
    • Leukemia: 47,150
    • Others: 31,000

    Number of the death  in 2011 (U.S.)
    • Oral cavity & pharynx: 39,400
    • Digestive system: 277,570
    • Respiratory system: 239,320
    • Bones & joints: 2,810
    • Soft tissue (including heart): 10,980
    • Skin: 76,330
    • Breast: 232,620
    • Genital system: 338,620
    • Urinary system: 132,900
    • Eye & orbit: 2,570
    • Brain & other nervous system: 22,340
    • Endocrine system: 50,400
    • Lymphoma: 75,190
    • Myeloma: 20,520
    • Leukemia: 44,600
    • Others: 30,500

    Number of the death of cancer in 2008 (U.S.)

    Top Causes of Death in the U.S in 2007
    • Heart disease: 616,067
    • Cancer: 562,875
    • Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 135,952
    • Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 127,924
    • Accidents (unintentional injuries): 123,706
    • Alzheimer's disease: 74,632
    • Diabetes: 71,382
    • Influenza and Pneumonia: 52,717
    • Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis: 46,448
    • Septicemia: 34,828

    About Cancer

    Cancer Prevention and Control

    Warning Signs of Cancer
    There are more than 100 different types of cancer, but they all are a group of diseases of body's cells. When normal cells lose their ability to limit and grow disorderly, their tissues will be produced too much and tumors begin to form. Tumors can be either benign or malignant. Benign tumors are not cancer; malignant tumors are cancer. The signs of cancer may include:
    • Change in bladder or bowel habits;
    • A sore that does not heal;
    • Unusual bleeding;
    • Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere;
    • Indigestion or difficulty swallowing;
    • Obvious change in a mole or wart;
    • Nagging cough or hoarseness.
    These signs can be caused by cancer or by other problems. It's important to see a doctor if any of these symptoms lasts over 15 days. Don't wait for symptoms to become painful; pain is not an early sign of cancer.

    Warning Signs of Lung Cancer

    Usually there are no warning signs of early lung cancer. By the time most people with lung cancer have symptoms, the cancer has become more serious.

    Symptoms of lung cancer may include:

    • A cough that doesn't go away or gets worse
    • Breathing trouble, like shortness of breath
    • Coughing up blood
    • Chest pain
    • Hoarseness or wheezing
    • Pneumonia that doesn't go away or that goes away and comes back

    In addition, you may feel very tired, have a loss of appetite, or unexplained weight loss.


    Warning Signs of Breast Cancer

    Breast pain can be a symptom of cancer. Different people have different symptoms of breast cancer. Some people do not have any signs or symptoms at all.

    Some warning signs of breast cancer are:

    • New lump in the breast or underarm (armpit).
    • Thickening or swelling of part of the breast.
    • Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.
    • Redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast.
    • Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area.
    • Nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood.
    • Any change in the size or the shape of the breast.
    • Pain in any area of the breast.

    Keep in mind that these symptoms can happen with other conditions that are not cancer.


    Warning Signs of Pancreatic Cancer
    Pancreatic cancer is seldom detected at its early stages when it's most curable. This is because it often doesn't cause symptoms until after it has spread to other organs. Its early warning signs of pancreatic cancer may include:
    • Abdominal pain that radiates to your back
    • Loss of appetite or unintended weight loss
    • Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
    • Light-colored stools
    • Dark-colored urine
    • Itchy skin
    • New diagnosis of diabetes or existing diabetes that's becoming more difficult to control
    • Blood clots

    Warning Signs of Heart Attack
    Heart Attack Warning Signs:
    • Lightheadedness and shortness of breath without or without chest discomfort.
    • Discomfort in other areas of the body; symptoms can include pain, numbness, tingling or discomfort in one or both arms (especially the left one), jaw, neck, stomach, back, nausea and/or vomiting. (Women are more likely than men to have neck and shoulder pain along with other symptoms).
    • Chest discomfort or pain that is crushing or squeezing in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or squeezing or feels like a heavy weight on the chest, or this goes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.
    • Fact action can save lives; don't wait more than five minutes to call 911.

    Warning Signs of Strokes
    Posterior circulations strokes occurs when a blood vessel in the back part of the brain is blocked causing the death of brain cells, the warning signs may include:
    • Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body.
    • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech.
    • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes, double vision or other vision problems.
    • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination.
    • Sudden severe headache with no known cause.
    • Vertigo, like the room, is spinning.
    • Imbalance.
    • Nausea and or vomiting.

    Warning Signs of Pneumonia

    Pneumonia disease makes it harder for your lungs to absorb oxygen from the air you breathe. The signs and symptoms of pneumonia:

    • Cough, which may produce greenish, yellow or even bloody mucus
    • Chills that make you shake
    • Feeling very tired
    • Feeling like you can’t catch your breath, especially when you move around a lot
    • High fever, up to 105 F
    • Sweating a lot
    • Shortness of breath
    • Fast breathing and heartbeat
    • Rapid, shallow breathing
    • Lips and fingernails turning blue
    • Sharp or stabbing chest pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply or cough
    • Loss of appetite, low energy, and fatigue
    • Nausea and vomiting, especially in small children
    • Confusion, especially in older people

    Warning Signs of Kidney Disease

    More than 37 million American adults are living with kidney disease and most are not aware of it. There are a number of physical signs of kidney disease:

    • More tired
    • Less energy
    • Short of breath
    • Trouble concentrating
    • Poor sleeping
    • Dry and itchy skin
    • Urinate more or less often
    • Blood in urine
    • Foamy urine
    • Persistent puffiness around eyes
    • Swollen ankles and feet
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Poor appetite
    • Weight loss
    • Muscle cramp

    Warning Signs of Lupus
    Lupus Warning Signs:

    Warning Signs of Ulcerative Colitis
    Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the colon (large intestine), that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores. The main symptom of active disease is usually constant diarrhea mixed with blood, of gradual onset. The signs of cancer may include:
    • Cramping and Abdominal Pain;
    • Bloody Stool;
    • Urgency;
    • Sleep Interruption;
    • Weight Loss;
    • Dehydration;
    • Frequency of Symptoms.
    These signs can be caused by ulcerative colitis or by other problems. It's important to see a doctor if any of these symptoms occurs frequently. Don't wait for symptoms to become painful.

    Warning Signs of Lung Disease

    Early signs of lung disease are easy to overlook. The signs and symptoms can differ by the type of lung disease. Common signs are:

    • Lack of usual level of energy
    • Trouble breathing
    • Shortness of breath
    • Feeling like not getting enough air
    • Decreased ability to exercise
    • A cough that won't go away
    • Coughing up blood or mucus
    • Pain or discomfort when breathing in or out

    Make sure to call your doctor if you have any of these symptoms.


    Warning Signs and Symptoms for Asthma

    Asthma is a common disease that affects the lungs; early warning Asthma signs:

    • Itchy chin
    • Itchy, glassy or watery eyes
    • Itchy, scratchy, or sore throat
    • Runny, stuffy or congested nose
    • Rubbing nose a lot
    • Increased tiredness
    • Mood change – grouchy or extra quiet
    • Thirst
    • Sneezing
    • Wheezing
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Chest tightness
    • Shortness of breath
    • Rapid breathing
    • A cough that doesn’t go away, especially during exercise, while laughing, or at night
    • Stomach ache
    • Headache
    • Fever
    • Feeling restless
    • Change in face color – pale or flushed
    • Dark circles under eyes
    • Throat clearing
    • Peak Flow readings in the "Yellow Zone"
    • Eczema flare-up
    • Waking up at night

    Asthma can be hard to diagnose. The signs of asthma can seem like the signs of COPDpneumoniabronchitispulmonary embolismanxiety, and  heart disease.

    Make sure to consult with your doctor if you have one or more these signs to prevent an asthma attack that happens when your airways narrow, which makes it hard for you to breathe in air, after being irritated.