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Aviation History and Museums
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  • Did You Know?
    1. The C919, China's first domestically designed and built large airliner made by the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (Comac), the 168-seat C919 is roughly the same size as Airbus's A320 and Boeing's 737-800, took off May 5, 2017 from Shanghai Pudong International Airport into hazy skies with a five-person crew aboard. The jet landed one hour and 19 minutes later after a seemingly uneventful first trial.
    2. The Antonov 225 Mriya (AN-225) is the biggest commercially used freighter in the world. Powered by six turbofan engines, it is the biggest heavier-than-air aircraft in terms of length (85.3m) and wingspan (88m) in operational service. The aircraft built over 30 years ago can carry up to 250 tons of cargo.
    3. The world's new planes in 2017:
    4. The Queen Elizabeth (QE) Class Aircraft Carriers, scheculed entering service in 2020, will be the largest surface warships ever constructed for the UK and represent a step change in joint capability. The ships will be 65,000 tonnes at full displacement - over three times the size of the Invincible Class aircraft carriers; length: 280m - 90m longer than the existing aircraft carrier; width: 70m - twice the width of the existing aircraft carrier; and range; 8,000 to 10,000 nautical miles.
    5. There are five major manufacturers of civil transport aircraft. Boeing, Airbus, Ilyushin and Tupolev concentrate on wide-body and narrow-body jet airliners, while Bombardier, Embraer and Sukhoi concentrate on regional airliners
    6. During WWII, there were 276,000 aircraft manufactured in the US; 43,000 planes were lost overseas, including 23,000 in combat and 14,000 lost in the continental U.S.
    7. On August 6, 1945 the B-29 "Enola Gay" piloted by Colonel Paul Tibbets lifted off the runway at Tinian Island and flew into Hiroshima, Japan to drop the world's first atomic bomb.
    8. In 1978, the Air Force awarded a full-scale development contract for the F-117A Stealth Fighter to Lockheed Corporation's Advanced Development Projects (the famous Skunk Works); thirty one months later, on 18 June 1981, the F-117A made its first flight.
    9. The X-51 Waverider can reach at a flight speed of Mach 6.0 (4,567 mph), the F/A-18 has a top speed of Mach 1.8 (1,370 mph), and the maximum flight speed of Boeing 787 is 647 mph (Mach 0.85).
    10. The Dreamliner is the world's first commercial plane made mostly of lighter-weight composite materials. The plane cuts fuel consumption by 20 percent and lowers operating costs by 30 percent. The first Dreamliner version, the 787-8, carries between 210 and 250 passengers. Boeing plans to deliver the 787-9, which is longer and carries between 250 and 290 passengers, by early 2014. Boeing is currently studying a possible 787-10, which would be bigger than the 787-9.
    11. In 2011, the cost to build a F-117 stealth fighter is $120 million, $156 million for a F-35 stealth fighter, $339 million for a F-22 stealth fighter, and $2.4 billion for a B-2 stealth bomber.
    12. The Airbus A380 is the world's largest passenger plane.
    13. The world's highest and fastest flying airplane is the North American X-15, which was designed in 1954 and first flown in 1959. The plane reached a peak altitude of 354,200 feet (64 miles, 108 km) at a speed of 4,534 mph (7,295 kph).
    14. The first nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean, from Newfoundland, Canada, to Ireland, was made by two British aviators, Capt. John W. Alcock (1892-1919) and Lt. Arthur W. Brown (1886-1948), on June 14, 1919
    15. The first man, who flew solo across the Atlantic Ocean, from New York (US) to Paris (France), was Charles A. Lindbergh (1902-1974).
    16. The first woman, who flew solo across the Atlantic Ocean, from Newfoundland, Canada, to Ireland, was Amelia Earhart (1897-1937).
    17. The first person who flew solo around the world in a balloon is Steve Fossett. He departed western Austria on 6/18/2002 and returned on 7/4/200, exactly 13 days, 23 hours, 16 minutes, and 13 seconds later.
    18. Delta Air Lines is the world's largest airline in terms of passenger traffic and fleet size. It carried 161,049,000 passengers domestically and internationally to and from 357 airports around the world in 2009.
    19. American Airlines retired its entire A300 fleet. The last A300 trip occurred August 24, 2009 with the aircraft flying from Miami to New York's JFK International Airport.
    20. In 2009 the US domestic carriers: Aloha, ATA, Skybus, Eos, Silverjet, Maxjet, and Zoom were out of business. Midwest, Mesa Air, and Sun Country are on death watch. The airlines that aren't bankrupt have shrunk themselves and tried to raise fares.
    21. Southwest Airlines has been the most profitable of airline companies since 1973. United Airlines, Continental Airlines (twice), US Airways (twice), Delta Air Lines, and Northwest Airlines have all declared Chapter 11 bankruptcy, and were survived.
    22. The most expensive airline tickets in the world was sold to an Australian man for over US $100,000  by Singapore Airlines in 2007.
    23. As of August 20, 2009, Boeing built 1,418 Boeing 747 aircrafts. The cost for a 747-100 one is $24 million (1967); 747-200: $39 million (1976); 747-300: $83 million (1982); 747-400: $228–260 million (2007); and 747-8: $285.5-300 million (2007).
    24. The black box carried on an airplane is actually painted bright orange to make it more visible in an aircraft's wreckage. It is a tough stainless metal-and-plastic case containing two recorders, and is installed in the rear of the aircraft. The black box records information about airspeed, direction, altitude, accelerations, engine thrust, rudder, and spoiler positions from sensors that are located around the aircraft.
    25. Flight attendants must not have any tattoos visible when a uniform is worn. These requirements are designed to give the airlines a positive presentation.
    26. Most flight attendants are women, who were selected not only for their knowledge but also for their characteristics. A 1936 New York Times article described the requirements "The girls who qualify for hostesses must be petite; weight 100 to 118 pounds; height 5 feet to 5 feet 4 inches; age 20 to 26 years ... with perfect health". In 1966 New York Times classified ad for stewardesses  "A high school graduate, single (widows and divorcees with no children considered), 20 years of age (girls 19 1/2 may apply for future consideration). 5'2" but no more than 5'9", weight 105 to 135 in proportion to height and have at least 20/40 vision without glasses."
    27. Flight attendants are members of an aircrew employed by airlines primarily to ensure the safety and comfort of passengers aboard commercial flights. The world's first flight attendant (Heinrich Kubis) was hired in 1912.
    28. British aviators John Alcock and Arthur Brown made the first non-stop transatlantic flight in June 1919. They flew a modified First World War Vickers Vimy bomber from St. John's, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland.
    29. Near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, Orville and Wilbur Wright make the first successful flight in history of a self-propelled, heavier-than-air aircraft. Orville piloted the gasoline-powered, propeller-driven biplane, which stayed aloft for 12 seconds and covered 120 feet on its inaugural flight.



    NASA Space Shuttle First Flight # Missions Final Flight
    Columbia * April 12, 1981 28 Feb 1, 2003
    Challenger * April 4, 1983 10 Jan. 28, 1986
    Discovery Aug. 30, 1984 39 Feb 24, 2011
    Atlantis October 3, 1985 33 July 8, 2011
    Endeavour May 7, 1992 25 May 16, 2011
    Spacecraft Builder 1st Launch/Max Crew Length/ Liftoff Mass
    Space Shuttle Rockwell Int'l 1981 / 7 122 ft / 240,000 lbs
    Soyuz TMA RSC Energia 1966 / 3 24.5 ft / 15,985 lbs
    ATV ESA 2008 / 0 35.1 ft /46,000 lbs
    SpaceX Dragon SpaceX 2010 / 7 20.4 ft / 26,460 lbs
    NASA MPCV Lockheed Martin Unknown / 4 26 ft / 46,848 lbs



    News & Facts

    1. China's New Jetliner, the Comac C919, Takes Flight for First Time
    2. Embraer Completes the First Flight of E-Jet E2.
    3. History, Facts and Photos about Airplanes and Aircrafts
    4. Boeing Unveils the First 737 MAX and its New Production Line
    5. SpaceX Poised to Launch Cargo From Historic NASA Pad.
    6. SpaceX, NASA Hail 1st Falcon 9 Rocket Launch from Pad Steeped in History.
    7. Juno to Remain in Current Orbit at Jupiter
    8. Saturn's Icy Moon Enceladus, a Possible Home for Life, Shines in Photo
    9. Enceladus: Saturn's Tiny, Shiny Moon
    10. Icy Saturn Moon Pumps Out 15.8 Gigawatts of Heat Power
    11. Saturn Moon Riddled with Gushing Geysers, New Images Reveal
    12. Cassini Saturn Probe Gets 7-Year Life Extension
    13. WWII Aircraft Facts & Photos
    14. World War 1 Aircraft (1914-1918)
    15. Mitsubishi A6M / Navy Type 0 / Zero | Japanese Aircraft
    16. Boeing X-32 Aircraft Photos
    17. Fighter Aircraft Facts, Information, Pictures
    18. Facts History & Trivia about the Fastest Airplanes
    19. World Airlines Facts & Figures
    20. Luftwaffe Pictures, Video, Facts & News
    21. Military Aircraft Manufacturing - Statistics & Facts
    22. US Military Aircraft Fact Sheets
    23. The World's Most Advanced Fighter Aircraft - Eurofighter Typhoon
    24. Lockheed SR-71 - One of the World's Fastest Manned Aircraft
    25. Interesting Air Force One Facts
    26. Amazing Aircraft Carrier Facts and Cost
    27. Intriguing Facts about the Admiral Kuznetsov Aircraft Carrier
    28. Facts About Aircraft Bird Strikes
    29. Airplane Facts
    30. Cargo Plane Facts
    31. Fire Fighting Aircraft Facts and Features
    32. How Is an Aircraft Refueled?
    33. Interesting facts about Airlines, Airports, Aircraft, Crew
    34. Facts About Malaysia Airlines Flight 370: Passengers, Crew & Aircraft
    35. Fun Airplane Facts for Kids
    36. Amazing Airplanes Facts
    37. Crazy Facts about Planes
    38. Aircraft and World War One
    39. 5 General Aviation Aircraft Facts
    40. 6 Airplane Facts to Cure Your Fear of Flying
    41. 6 Surprising Facts About Airline Crashes
    42. 7 Airplane Fun Facts
    43. 9 Frightening Airplane Facts
    44. 10 Facts About Donald Trump's Boeing 757
    45. 10 Mind Blowing WWII Aircraft Facts Put Into Perspective
    46. 10 Interesting Facts About Military Aircraft
    47. 10 Weird Facts About Planes & Flying
    48. 10 Facts About Concorde - Fascinating Concorde Facts
    49. 11 Unique Airplane Facts You Probably Didn't Know
    50. 11 Amazing Facts about Aircraft Ejection Seats
    51. 13 Random Aviation Facts
    52. 13 Air Travel Facts
    53. 15 Fascinating Facts about The SR-71 Blackbird
    54. 15 Awesome & Interesting Facts about Military Aircraft
    55. 20 Fun Facts About Aircraft Maintenance
    56. 25 Mind Boggling Facts about the SR-71
    57. 25 Fun Aviation Facts You Never Knew
    58. 30 Amazing Facts about Private Jets
    59. 30 Airplane! Facts | Culture |
    60. 50 Useless Aviation Facts
    61. 50 Interesting Facts About Airplanes And Airlines
    62. 72 Interesting Facts about Airplanes
    63. In-Flight Plane Facts
    64. Facts About Aircraft & Animal Collisions (Photos)
    65. Facts about Aircraft Fuel Tanks (Photos)
    66. Solar Plane Lands in Hawaii, Ending Perilous Leg of Around-the-World Journey
    67. Greased Lightning! NASA Drone Advances Unmanned Craft
    68. Lockheed’s U-2: The Spyplane from Area 51
    69. The Low-Cost Fighters to Serve Tomorrow’s Air Forces.
    70. Solar-powered Airplane Test Flight
    71. Amazing Facts about the World's First Solar Aircraft
    72. Solar-powered Flight Aims to Go Cross-Country
    73. Will Drones Become the Future of Farming?
    74. SR-71 Blackbird: How to Fly the World's Fastest Plane
    75. Airbus A350 Test Flight
    76. Making the Airbus A350
    77. A320 Aircraft: A320 Range, Specifications
    78. Inside the Boeing 787 Dreamliner
    79. F-35’s Ability & Defense Spending
    80. Top 10 Most Expensive Military Planes
    81. Launches and Orbital Operations - 2013 - Launches To Orbit and Beyond
    82. SpaceX's Dragon (Spacecraft) (US) - Spacex CSR2 Mission
    83. Orbital Sciences Corp's Cygnus (Spacecraft) (US)
    84. Lockheed Martin's Orion (Spacecraft) (US)
    85. Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC)'s Dream Chaser (Spacecraft) (US)
    86. H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)/Kounotori (Japan)
    87. Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) (Italy)
    88. Automated Transfer Vehicle (Spacecraft) (Europe)
    89. Progress 7K-TG (Spacecraft) (Russia)
    90. TKS (Spacecraft) (Russia)
    91. Progress-M (Spacecraft) (Russia)
    92. Progress-M1 (Spacecraft) (Russia)
    93. Comparison of Space Station Cargo Vehicles
    94. DARPA's 13,000-mph Plane
    95. X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle
    96. X-40 Space Maneuver Vehicle
    97. Boeing X-37 / X-40
    98. The X-15, Dyna-Soar, & The Lifting Bodies
    99. X-51A with Hypersonic Record
    100. History and Lineage of the F-117A Stealth Fighter
    101. Final Countdown of the NASA Shuttle Program
    102. An Overview of Aircraft Design
    103. Lawrence Hargrave (1850-1915), Aeronautical Pioneer and Inventor.
    104. A Brief History of Aircraft Flight Simulation.
    105. The Golden Age of the Great Passenger Airships - The Collection of Harold G. Dick
    106. The First “Goodyear Blimp” – Pilgrim of 1925.
    107. V1 and V2 Rockets.
    108. World War II Aircraft.
    109. Aircraft Carriers in World War II.
    110. Jet Engine.
    111. Russia To Revive Yak-242 Name for Irkut MC-21.
    112. The Goodyear Blimp.
    113. The Dawn of the Space Age.
    114. ZR-1 U.S.S. Shenandoah.
    115. USS Los Angeles ZR-3.
    116. U.S.S. Akron (ZRS-4) and U.S.S. Macon (ZRS-5).
    117. LZ-130 Graf Zeppelin.
    118. LZ-127 Graf Zeppelin.
    119. The First Zeppelin: LZ-1.
    120. Airships, Dirigibles, Zeppelins, & Blimps: What’s the Difference?.
    121. The History of Aviation Collection.
    122. Airlines Overview
    123. Flights of Inspiration
    124. Airbus History
    125. Boeing History
    126. Timeline of Flight
    127. History of Flight
    128. The History of Flight
    129. The Celebration of Flight (Video)
    130. Invention of the Airplane
    131. The First Flight Centennial
    132. Aircraft and World War One
    133. Kiting Up the Sky: The Vehicles of Understanding
    134. Milestones In Aviation History
    135. History of Aviation: Aircrafts Through Time
    136. Airplane Timeline
    137. Timeline of Flight
    138. Inventing Air Transportation - Historical Aircraft with Time Period.
    139. History of Airplanes
    140. A History of the Airplane
    141. An Understanding of Aircraft
    142. Historical Aircraft
    143. How Aircraft Fly
    144. The History of Aviation
    145. The "First" Airplane
    146. The Very Earliest Early Birds
    147. How Things Work: Aircraft Identification
    148. How Airplane Flies.
    149. How Airplanes Work.
    150. Inventing a Flight Machine
    151. Mankind's Fascination With Flight
    152. Wright Kites and Gliders
    153. Mysterious Flight
    154. Vertical Flight
    155. Stealth Aircraft - The Technology Behind the Planes
    156. X-Planes
    157. How to Build an Airplane
    158. Flying Cars
    159. Micro Air Vehicles
    160. X51A Waverider breaks record for hypersonic fight, 6 times speed of sound
    161. Early Birds of Aviation: Pioneers who flew solo before December 17, 1916
    162. How We Made the First Flight by Orville Wright? - The AIAA Wright Flyer Project
    163. Sir George Cayley (1773-1854), The Father of Aviation.


    Most Expensive Military Planes & Aircrafts



    Stealth Aircrafts



    History of Aircrafts, Airlines and Space Shuttles

    Airplanes &Aircrafts: F-14 Tomcat -- F-16 Fighting Falcon -- A-10 Thunderbolt II -- AV-8 Harrier -- EA-6B Prowler -- F/A 18 Hornet -- 512 Tigers -- Air Museum -- Aviation Militaire -- Avitop -- Aviation Gallery -- Aero Site -- Airplane Home -- Jet Photos -- My Aviation -- Plane Pictures -- USAF Museum -- Wings 900 -- Aero Seek -- Aircraft Museum -- Airplane Mart -- UK Skies -- Aero Image -- Airpics -- Avia Photos -- US Military Aircraft -- More... -- Airbus: -- A300/A310 -- A320 -- A330/A340 -- A350 -- A380 -- Boeing: -- 737 -- 747 -- 767 -- 777 -- 787 Dreamliner -- Boeing X-51 -- Bombardier: -- Q Series -- Adam Aircraft -- ATR -- Cessna -- Cirrus -- Diamond Aircraft -- EADS -- Embraer -- Lancair -- Liberty Aircraft -- Mooney -- Piper -- Raytheon -- Robinson Heli -- Antonov An-124 Ruslan -- Antonov An-225 Mriya.

    Lockheed Aircrafts & Lockheed Martin: Lockheed XF-90 -- Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird -- Lockheed D-21 -- Lockheed XST (Have Blue) -- Lockheed Martin X-35 -- Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II -- Lockheed X-27 -- Lockheed Martin Polecat -- Quiet Supersonic Transport -- Lockheed Martin Cormorant -- Lockheed Martin Desert Hawk -- Lockheed Martin RQ-170 Sentinel -- Lockheed Vega -- Lockheed Model 10 Electra -- Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior -- Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra -- Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar -- Lockheed Constellation airliner -- Lockheed L-049 Constellation -- Lockheed L-649 Constellation -- Lockheed L-749 Constellation -- Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation -- Lockheed L-1649 Starliner -- Lockheed Saturn -- L-188 Electra -- Lockheed JetStar -- L-1011 TriStar -- Lockheed Wide-body airliner -- Lockheed C-69 -- Lockheed C-121 Constellation -- Lockheed YC-121F Constellation -- Lockheed R6V Constitution -- Lockheed C-130 Hercules -- Lockheed AC-130 gunship -- Lockheed C-141 Starlifter -- Lockheed C-5 Galaxy -- Lockheed P-38 Lightning fighter -- Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star fighter -- Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star fighter -- Lockheed F-94 Starfire fighter -- Lockheed F-104 Starfighter fighter -- Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk stealth fighter -- Lockheed F-16 Fighting Falcon stealth fighter -- Lockheed YF-22 stealth fighter -- Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor -- Lockheed Hudson bomber -- Lockheed PV-1 Ventura and PV-2 Harpoon bomber -- Lockheed PO-1W/WV-1 Constellation -- Lockheed EC-121/WV-2 Warning Star -- Lockheed P-2 Neptune -- Lockheed P-3 Orion -- Lockheed U-2 -- Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird -- Lockheed A-12 -- Lockheed YF-12 -- Lockheed S-3 Viking -- Lockheed YO-3 -- Lockheed YO-3A Quiet Star -- Lockheed CL-475 helicopter -- Lockheed XH-51A/B helicopter -- Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne helicopter -- Lockheed UGM-27 Polaris missile -- Lockheed UGM-73 Poseidon missile -- Lockheed UGM-89 Perseus missile -- UGM-96 Trident I missile -- UGM-133 Trident II missile -- High Virgo missile -- Lockheed X-7 -- Lockheed X-17 -- Lockheed X-24C and L-301 -- Lockheed X-26 Frigate -- Lockheed Martin X-55 -- Lockheed Star Clipper -- Lockheed Corona -- Lockheed Agena -- Lockheed Apollo Launch Escape System -- Lockheed Hubble Space Telescope .

    Douglas Aircrafts: Douglas C-124 Globemaster II -- Douglas 1211-J -- Douglas 2229 -- Douglas A-1 Skyraider (1945) -- Douglas XA-2 (1920s) -- Douglas A-3 Skywarrior (1952) -- Douglas A-4 Skyhawk (1954) -- Douglas A-20 Havoc (1938) -- Douglas A-26 Invader (1942) -- Douglas A-33 (1941) -- Douglas A2D Skyshark (1950) -- Douglas Y1B-7 , B-7, O-35 (1931) -- Douglas B-18 Bolo (1935) -- Douglas XB-19 (1941 ) -- Douglas XB-22 (1930s) -- Douglas B-23 Dragon (1939) -- Douglas XB-31 -- Douglas XB-42 Mixmaster, XA-42 Mixmaster (1944) -- Douglas XB-43 Jetmaster (1946) -- Douglas B-66 Destroyer (1954) -- Douglas BTD Destroyer -- Douglas C-1 (1925) -- Douglas C-47 Skytrain -- Douglas AC-47 Spooky -- Douglas XCG-17 -- Douglas C-54 Skymaster (1942) -- Douglas C-74 Globemaster (1945) -- Douglas C-132 -- Douglas C-124 Globemaster II (1949) -- Douglas C-133 Cargomaster (1956) -- Douglas Cloudster (1926) -- Douglas Cloudster II (1947) -- Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak (1947) -- Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket (1948) -- Douglas D-906 -- Douglas DA-1 Ambassador (1928) -- Douglas DC-1 (1933) -- Douglas DC-2 (1934) -- Douglas DC-3 (1935) -- List of Douglas DC-3 family variants -- Douglas DC-4 (1939) -- Douglas DC-4E (1938) -- List of Douglas DC-4 variants -- Douglas DC-5 (1939) -- Douglas DC-6 (1946) -- Douglas DC-7 (1953) -- Douglas DC-8 (1958) -- Douglas DC-8 (piston airliner) -- Douglas DF (1930s) -- Douglas DT (1921) -- Douglas Dolphin (1930) -- Douglas XFD (1933) -- Douglas F3D Skyknight (1948) -- Douglas F4D Skyray (1951) -- Douglas F5D Skylancer (1956) -- Douglas F6D Missileer (1958) -- Douglas M-1 (1925) -- Douglas O-2 (1924) -- Douglas O-31 (1930) -- Douglas O-38 (1931) -- Douglas O-43 (1934) -- Douglas O-46 (1936) -- Douglas O2D (1934) -- Douglas YOA-5 (1935) -- Douglas XP-48 -- Douglas XP3D (1935) -- Douglas SBD Dauntless (1938) -- Douglas XT-30 -- Douglas T2D (1927) -- Douglas XT3D (1931) -- Douglas TBD Devastator (1935) -- Douglas XTB2D Skypirate (1945) -- DWC (1923) -- Douglas X-3 Stiletto (1952) -- DC-9 (1965) -- DC-10 (1971) -- YC-15 (1975) -- MD-80 (1980) -- MD-11 (1990) -- C-17 Globemaster III (1991) -- MD-90 (1993) -- Roc I -- AAM-N-2 Sparrow I (1948) -- MIM-4 Nike Ajax (1959) -- MGM-5 Corporal -- WAC Corporal -- MIM-14 Nike Hercules -- Thor (rocket family) -- PGM-17 Thor -- Thor-Able -- Thor-Ablestar -- Thor-Agena -- Thorad-Agena -- Thor DSV-2 -- Thor DSV-2U -- Thor-Burner -- Thor-Delta -- LIM-49 Spartan -- LIM-49 Nike Zeus -- GAM-87 Skybolt -- MGR-1 Honest John -- AIR-2 Genie (1956) -- MGR-3 Little John -- Delta -- Douglas SASSTO -- Saturn S-IV stage -- Saturn S-IVB stage -- Manned Orbiting Laboratory Space Station.

    Aircraft Production in Austria

    Aircraft of Imperial Japanese Navy

    German Military Aircraft Designations (1933-1945)

    Aircraft of North America: 1903-2003


    Universe & Space Exploration



    Spaceflight R&D
    1. NASA (video)
    2. Orders of Magnitude: A History of the NACA and NASA, 1915-1990.
    3. Life in the Universe: Proceedings of a conference held at NASA Ames Research Center Moffet Field, California, June 19-20, 1979.
    4. Proceedings of the X-15 First Flight 30th Anniversary Celebration of June 8, 1989.
    5. Computers in Spaceflight: The NASA Experience.
    6. Apollo 13 "Houston, we've got a problem."
    7. On the Moon with Apollo 16: A Guide to the Descartes Region.
    8. Skylab: A Guidebook.
    9. Why Man Explores.
    10. Spacelab: An International Short-Stay Orbiting Laboratory.
    11. A Meeting with the Universe: Science Discoveries from the Space Program.
    12. Science in Orbit: The Shuttle & Spacelab Experience: 1981-1986.
    13. Results of the Second Manned Suborbital Space Flight, July 21, 1961.
    14. Results of the Second U.S. Manned Orbital Space Flight.
    15. Results of the Third U.S. Manned Orbital Space Flight.
    16. Mercury Project Summary including Results of the Fourth Manned Orbital Flight
    17. X-15 Research Results With a Selected Bibliography.
    18. Exploring Space with a Camera.
    19. Aerospace Food Technology.
    20. What Made Apollo a Success?
    21. Evolution of the Solar System.
    22. Pioneer Odyssey.
    23. Apollo Expeditions to the Moon.
    24. Apollo Over the Moon: A View From Orbit.
    25. Introduction to the Aerodynamics of Flight.
    26. Biomedical Results of Apollo.
    27. Skylab EREP Investigations Summary.
    28. Skylab: Our First Space Station.
    29. Skylab, Classroom in Space.
    30. A New Sun: Solar Results from Skylab.
    31. Skylab's Astronomy and Space Sciences.
    32. The Space Shuttle.
    33. The Search For Extraterrestrial Intelligence.
    34. Atlas of Mercury.
    35. The Voyage of Mariner 10: Mission to Venus and Mercury.
    36. The Martian Landscape.
    37. The Space Shuttle at Work.
    38. Project Orion: A Design Study of a System for Detecting Extrasolar Planets.
    39. Wind Tunnels of NASA.
    40. Viking Orbiter Views of Mars.
    41. The High Speed Frontier: Case Histories of Four NACA Programs, 1920-1950.
    42. The Star Splitters: The High Energy Astronomy Observatories.
    43. Planetary Geology in the 1980s.
    44. Quest for Performance: The Evolution of Modern Aircraft.
    45. The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF): Mission 1 Experiments.
    46. Voyager 1 and 2, Atlas of Saturnian Satellites.
    47. Far Travelers: The Exploring Machines.
    48. The Impact of Science on Society.
    49. Living Aloft:  Human Requirements for Extended Spaceflight.
    50. Space Shuttle Avionics System.
    51. Flight Research at Ames, 1940-1997.
    52. Unmanned Space Project Management: Surveyor and Lunar Orbiter.
    53. The Planetary Quarantine Program.
    54. Constellation Program Lessons Learned Volume 1: Executive Summary.
    55. Spaceborne Digital Computer Systems.
    56. Celebrating a Century of Flight.
    57. Wings in Orbit: Scientific and Engineering Legacies of the Space Shuttle.
    58. Present and Future State of the Art in Guidance Computer Memories.
    59. History of Research in Space Biology and Biodynamics at the Air Force Missile Development Center, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, 1946-1958.
    60. Report of the Apollo 13 Review Board.
    61. Report of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident, June 1986 and Implementations of the Recommendations, June 1987.
    62. Transiting from Air to Space: The North American X-15.
    63. Space Handbook: Astronautics and its Applications.
    64. The First Century of Flight: NACA/NASA Contributions to Aeronautics.
    65. Space Station Requirements and Transportation Options for Lunar Outpost.
    66. Space Station Freedom Accommodation of the Human Exploration Initiative.
    67. The Story of Self-Repairing Flight Control Systems.
    68. Ideas Into Hardware: A History of the Rocket Engine Test Facility at the NASA Glenn Research Center.
    69. Guide to Magellan Image Interpretation.
    70. Magellan: The Unveiling of Venus.
    71. The Apollo Program Summary Report.
    72. Saturn Illustrated Chronology.
    73. See How It Flies
    74. Introduction to the Aerodynamics of Flight.
    75. Aerodynamics Q&A
    76. UIUC Airfoil Data
    77. Beginner's Guide to Aerodynamics
    78. Beginner's Guide to Compressible Aerodynamics
    79. Beginner's Guide to Wind Tunnels
    80. FoilSim III
    81. Aircraft Design: Synthesis and Analysis
    82. Modeling Flight
    83. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
    84. NASA Beginner's Guide to Propulsion
    85. NASA Langley Aircraft Photo Collection



    Presidential Aeronautics and Space Reports



    NASA History Year in Review



    Maximum Seating Capacity of Airplanes
    Airplane
    Max. Seating Capacity
    254
    279
    117
    156
    180
    220
    440
    440
    475
    853
    189
    117
    149
    125
    215
    630
    196
    375
    500
    330
    110
    345
    189
    139
    380
    350
    140


    Major Commercial Aircraft Accidents


    Airplanes


    Airlines


    Astronomy & Astronauts

    Astronomy: Astro Watch -- About Astronomy -- Absolute Astronomy -- Astronomy -- Astronomy Magazine -- Astronomy Notes -- Astronomy Now -- Astro Watch -- Astronomy Society -- American Astronomical Society -- Astronomy for Beginners -- Astronomy Q&A -- Deep Astronomy -- Dot Astronomy -- Earth Viewer -- Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics -- Images of Space -- Hubble Telescope -- Kids Astronomy -- NASA Kids Club -- NASA Spacelink -- Physics Astronomy Life -- Planet Diary -- Planet Facts -- Radio Astronomy Observatory -- Royal Observatory Edinburgh -- Science & Astronomy -- Science World: Astronomy -- Sea & Sky -- Sky & Telescope -- Slooh -- Solar Space Station -- The Da Vinci Astronomy .

    Astronauts Resources: Astronaut -- Astronaut Selection -- U.S. Astronaut Biographies -- Female Astronauts -- Women of Space -- Women in Space.

    Astronauts:



    Aerospace Services Companies
    1. European Aeronautic Defence and Space (EADS) - A global pan-European aerospace and defense corporation registered in the Netherlands, included Airbus which manufactured commercial aircraft, Airbus Military which manufactured tanker, transport and mission aircraft; Eurocopter, the world's largest helicopter supplier; Astrium, provided systems for aerial, land, naval and civilian security applications including Ariane, Galileo and Cassidian
    2. AAI Corporation - Designs and manufactures high technology mechanical and electronic systems for both government and industry.
    3. AAR Corp. - Founded in 1951, AAR provides a broad range of products and services to the aerospace and government/defense industries worldwide.
    4. Aerospace Corporation - Provides information on launch vehicles, satellite systems, ground control systems, and space technology.
    5. Aerospace Industrial Development Corp. - Founded in 1969 under the authority of the Republic of China Air Force, and was later transferred to the Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (CSIST) in 1983, serves as technical guidance and research development work for Taiwanese government/defense industries.
    6. Aircraft Research Association Ltd - Offers wind tunnel testing and computational fluid dynamics for the U.K. aircraft industry.
    7. Alaska Aerospace Development Corporation (AADC) - Public corporation that develops facilities, including a launch facility in Kodiak and a satellite ground station in Fairbanks.
    8. Alliant Techsystems - Aerospace and defense firm engaged in aerospace, defense, and commercial products, propulsion, composite structures, munitions, and precision capabilities.
    9. Apros Corporation - Manufactures specialty products and chemicals for military and aerospace propellants and pharmaceutical applications.
    10. Arianespace - European commercial launch service providing heavy-lift launchers to place large satellites into any orbit.
    11. Arotech - Manufactures and designs products for military and non-military air and ground vehicles.
    12. Astronautics Corporation of America - Designs, manufactures, and maintains avionics equipment to airlines, U.S. and international governments, commercial and services companies.
    13. Avcorp Industries - Designs, fabricates, and assembles metal, composite, and plastic aerospace components and structures.
    14. BAE Systems - A global company engaged in the development, delivery and support of advanced defense, security and aerospace systems in the air, land, sea, space, and command and control market sectors.
    15. B/E Aerospace - A leading distributor of aerospace fasteners and consumables for the commercial, business jet, and military markets, B/E Aerospace stocks more than 825,000 part numbers and has over 50 locations worldwide.
    16. Beal Aerospace - Builds and operates a privately developed heavy lift orbital launch vehicle.
    17. Beaver Aerospace and Defense - Provides ball screws and actuators for aerospace and defense applications to the military and commercial aircraft markets.
    18. Boeing - Designs, manufactures and sells fixed-wing aircraft, rotorcraft, rockets and satellites and provides leasing and product support services of satellites, commercial jetliners, and military aircraft.
    19. Bombardier - A division of Bombardier Inc.. The company competes with Brazilian rival Embraer for the title of the third largest aircraft manufacturer after Airbus and Boeing.
    20. C.L. Hann Industries, Inc - Offers an ever expanding range of contract manufacturing services, some of which include CNC machining, certified welding and fabricating of all sizes.
    21. Caravan International Corp. - Provides a range of defense related products including electronic warfare, projectile tracking and munitions assembly.
    22. Centrax Ltd. - Designs and manufactures gas turbine driven generator sets, specializes in compressor and turbine aerofoil, discs, shafts and casings.
    23. Colic Tool and Engineering - Specializes in custom machining, molding, welding, and engineering for aerospace, including structural component and assembly for aircrafts, landing gear, ground support, and navy support.
    24. Consolite Technology - Specializes in all aspects of night vision lighting, including NVG compatible filters and lighting assemblies, instrument modifications and complete aircraft and ship conversions.
    25. Crane Aerospace & Electronics. - Supplies critical systems and components to the aerospace and defense markets.
    26. Doncasters - Manufactures precision components and assemblies for the aerospace, industrial gas turbines, specialist automotive, petrochemical, construction, industrial, transportation and recreation markets.
    27. Ducommun Incorporated - Serves the aerospace, defense, industrial, natural resources and medical industries as a Tier II supplier of electronics manufacturing services.
    28. E'Prime Aerospace - Provides innovative, reliable, and cost-effective launch services to USAF, NASA and other government and commercial entities including telecommunications, aerospace, security, and defense industries.
    29. Equator Aircraft - Manufactures and designs amphibious aircraft in various configurations.
    30. ESCO Services - Provides electronic components to the petroleum industry.
    31. FCX Systems - Specializes in the aircraft ground power markets including providing ancillary ground support equipment and centralized 400 Hz systems and designs.
    32. Forecast International - Provides market research, market analysis, intelligence and consulting for the aerospace / aviation companies, defense agencies, and commercial airlines worldwide.
    33. General Dynamics - A market leader in business aviation; land and expeditionary combat vehicles and systems, armaments, and munitions; shipbuilding and marine systems; and mission-critical information systems and technology..
    34. Geneva Aerospace/L-3 Unmanned Systems - Offers full-up 3D vehicle aerodynamic modeling, analysis, performance prediction, dynamic simulation, autonomous flight management systems design, and tracking systems.
    35. GKN - A world leading global first tier supplier of airframe and engine structures, components, assemblies and transparencies to a wide range of aircraft and engine prime contractors and other first tier suppliers.
    36. Griffon Aerospace - Specializing in manufacturing aerospace products focused primarily on unmanned aircraft systems.
    37. Hellenic Aerospace Industry - Provides a range of support services and products related to aerospace, defence, and telecommunications to both government and private industry.
    38. Hymatic Engineering Company Limited - Specializes in cryogenic and cryocooler technology, stirling engine cryocoolers, joule - Thomson coolers / cryostats and high pressure pure gas systems for civil and military markets.
    39. I.M.P. Group International Inc. - Provides services, to customers across diverse sectors, such as aerospace, aviation, airline, healthcare, information technology, hospitality and property development.
    40. InterConnect Wiring, L.P. - Offers a wide variety of electrical products including electrical wiring harnesses, power distribution panels, and ground support equipment to military and commercial sectors.
    41. ITT - Provides lightweight and reliable products that aerospace engineers demand and passengers and flight crews deserve.
    42. Kaman - Provides aircraft component products and engineering services to commercial and government sectors.
    43. Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd - Manufactures personal water craft, ships, industrial plants, tractors, trains, small engines, and aerospace equipment (including military aircraft). It has subcontract work on jet aircraft (including jumbo jets) has been done for Boeing, Embraer, and Bombardier.
    44. Kelvin Hughes - Designs and manufactures navigation and surveillance systems and a supplier of navigational data to both the commercial marine and government marketplace.
    45. Kongsberg Spacetec - Provides turnkey satellite ground stations for Earth observation satellites and processing software for remote sensing.
    46. Lockheed Martin - Engaged in the design, manufacture, integration, and operation of products for missiles, space operations, telecommunications, national defense, energy, and science and environmental applications.
    47. Loral - Designs and manufactures satellites components and satellite-based communications systems and services.
    48. Magellan - Develops and produces complex and integrated products and services for military and space markets, and complementary proprietary products for the power/oil/gas markets.
    49. McStarlite Co. - An aerospace manufacturer supplying welded assemblies, and sheet metal components.
    50. Middle River Aircraft Systems - Manufactures and services a variety of complex aero-structures, such as jet engine thrust reversers, the brakes of a jet engine.
    51. Neptec - Specializes in the development, integration and support of intelligent sensors and payloads for the Space market.
    52. Northrop Grumman Corporation - A leading global security company providing innovative systems, products and solutions in unmanned systems, cyber, C4ISR, and logistics and modernization to government and commercial customers worldwide..
    53. NPO Molniya Research and Industrial Corporation - Founded to create the first Russian manned reusable spacecraft in 1976. It designs heavy supersonic aircraft and anti-aircraft missiles and Molniya, which developed unmanned flight vehicles and an Experimental Machine-Building Plant, where heavy and high altitude aircraft were designed and tested..
    54. Orbital Sciences Corporation - Specialized in the manufacturing and launch of satellites and designs and develops application of space technologies for practical benefits here on Earth.
    55. Phillips Aerospace - Designs custom avionics systems, off-the-shelf simulation for test tools, and built-to-print fabrication services for commercial and defense companies.
    56. Praxis - Provides technical and programmatic services for a range of space missions (shuttle, expendable launch vehicle, and sounding rockets), science instruments and payloads, balloon and aircraft payloads, mission planning, and ground support equipment to government and commercial sectors.
    57. Precision Machining Sheetmetal - Provides manufacturing services that include precision sheet metal fabrication, a variety of machining capabilities, and simple to complex assemblies among other services.
    58. Raytheon - Provides state-of-the-art electronics, mission systems integration and other capabilities in the areas of sensing; effects; aerospace, and command, control, communications and intelligence systems, as well as a broad range of mission support services.
    59. RSL Electronics - Develops and manufactures control, diagnostic and prognostic solutions for commercial and defense aerospace applications.
    60. SAAB - Specializes in air traffic control systems, fighter aircraft, military aircraft, military systems and radars.
    61. SAFRAN/Snecma Group - Designs, develops and manufactures engines for commercial airplanes, military aircraft, launch vehicles, and satellites.
    62. Science and Technology Corporation - Specializes in chemical and Biologic detection, protection, and demilitarization, earth and space sciences, atmospheric sciences and meteorology, remote Sensing, aerospace engineering. test and evaluation.
    63. Sea Launch - An international non-governmental spacecraft launch service that uses a mobile maritime platform for equatorial launches of commercial payloads on specialized Zenit 3SL rockets.
    64. SIFCO Industries - Offers flight-critical forged components and machined assemblies to all of the leading aircraft and engine manufacturers in the world.
    65. Spacehab/Astrotech Corporation - A commercial aerospace company that provides spacecraft payload processing and government services, designs and manufactures space hardware, and commercializes space technologies for Earth based applications.
    66. SpaceX - Designs, manufactures and launches advanced rockets and spacecraft.
    67. SR Technics - Provides technical aircraft, component and engine services worldwide.
    68. Starsem - A European-Russian company that was created in 1996 to commercialize the Soyuz launcher.
    69. Storm/L-3 Telemetry-West (L-3 TW) - Offers tailored flight hardware and systems solutions for missile telemetry, flight termination, spacecraft telemetry tracking and control, and tactical intelligence receivers.
    70. Teledyne Brown Engineering - Provides high-quality technical services, manufactured products, and engineered systems to our customers in the marine, aviation, space, missile defense, energy, and environment markets.
    71. Triumph Group - A global leader in manufacturing and overhauling aerospace structures, systems and components.
    72. United Technologies Corporation (UTC) - Researches, develops, and manufactures high-technology products in numerous areas, including aircraft engines, helicopters, HVAC, fuel cells, elevators and escalators, fire and security, building systems, and industrial products, among others.

    Airplane & Aircraft Makers



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